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G.B. PANT UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY, PANTNAGAR
Published by Dr. S.P. Gupta, Director, Communication Centre, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar-263 145, Uttaranchal. Printed at Venus Printers and Publishers, B-62/8, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase II, New Delhi 110 028, Tel. : 5704549,5764549.
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Over the years, our National Agricultural Research System under the aegis of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research has served a very useful purpose. Nevertheless, in the fast changing global context, managing the change on a time scale, by converting weaknesses, if any, into opportunities to become internationally competitive is considered important. We need to be forward looking and visible with appropriate agricultural research and education policies in place supported by the cutting edge technologies in order to attain and sustain global advantages. It is in this background that the formulation of a perspective plan with a visionary approach is quite necessary. The clearly spelt out options and likely changes would enable the system to capitalize on our strength so that the threats, if any, are converted into opportunities. The establishment of G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUA&T) as the first agricultural university in 1960 in U.P. with integrated mandate on higher education, research and extension was the first step towards imparting systematic agricultural education in the country. The University soon emerged as a pace setter in advancing agricultural research and education and became a role model to establish several SAUs subsequently in other states of the country. The emerging challenges in areas like management of natural resources, diversification of agriculture to enhance farm income, management of agribusiness, post-harvest value addition and food processing, biotechnology in agriculture, quality improvement and phytosanitary standardization of the farm produce in conformity with international market standards, sustainability in agricultural production and maintaining dynamic relationship between agriculture and environment will be gaining higher priority during the 21st century. This demands more capability and need for upgrading research competence in these areas. Following the creation of the state of Uttaranchal, the University has a challenging role ahead specially for bringing prosperity to the small farmers of the hill region through diversified agriculture, preserving and protecting the rich biodiversity and the delicate ecological balance of the region. I am happy to note that the GBPUA&T, Pantnagar, has developed its perspective plan with an in-depth assessment of the problems and prospects of Uttaranchal and integrating its on-going research activities to deliver the benefits not only to the farmers of Uttaranchal but also to the rest of the country. I hope the perspective plan developed by the University would provide a blue print for further strengthening of agricultural education, research and development in general and in the state of Uttaranchal in particular.
(R.S. Paroda) Secretary,DepartmentofAgriculturalResearch&Education andDirector-General,IndianCouncilofAgri ulturalResearch c
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The year 1960 will be remembered as the year of revolution in agricultural education and research when the first State Agricultural University (SAU) was inaugurated at Pantnagar. This University has set its standard which has served as model for other SAUs in the country in terms of its objectives, programmes, courses and examination, evaluation norms, etc. The integrated teaching, research and extension system is the foundation of this university. Recently, with the formation of Uttaranchal state, the University has been assigned the exclusive responsibility of research and extension in agriculture and allied subjects for the entire State. In this Perspective Plan several new areas of research have been identified. With new emphasis and to meet the present challenges like globalization of economy; patenting of technologies, products, processes; etc., food and nutrition security; and many other pressures and demands of the State as well as of the nation, the University will recast, revamp and reorient the ongoing programmes. The Uttaranchal is poised to make advances in agriculture without adversely affecting the environment of the Himalayan region. The multidimensional development has to pass through green, white, blue and yellow revolutions to attain the goal of rainbow revolution and ensure balanced growth in agriculture, health, industry, tourism, forest, environment and education without disturbing the geographical, natural, aesthetics, traditional and socio-cultural heritage of Uttaranchal state. I thank all the Deans, Directors, Heads of Departments and other officers of this university for providing valuable information and contributing in the preparation of the Perspective Plan. Help rendered by Dr. Harpal Singh, Dean, Post-Graduate Studies in the collection of material at the initial stages is acknowledged. I place on record my appreciation to Dr. S.P. Gupta, Director, Communication Centre, for compilation and presentation of information in this document, Vision 2020. I also thank Sri Naresh Kumar, Senior Editor, Ms. B. Saini, Associate Professor and Dr. S.K. Kashyap, Editor for their editorial assistance and to the office staff for their needful support. I feel that this document will help in accelerating teaching, research and extension programmes of the University and meeting the challenges in the new state of Uttaranchal.
(J.B. Chowdhary) July 15, 2001
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small and fragmented holdings. Considering the needs.B. The perspective plan of the university has been prepared concerning the feasibility of different activities under subtropical (upto 1000 mt. The scarce resources. faculty members.Executive Summary The G. cool temperate (1800-2400 mt. tarai and plains. predominance of rainfed area under cultivation are the few salient reasons for slow and poor economic growth of the region. potential for agricultural growth in Uttaranchal is tremendous considering the scope of diversification of agriculture through cultivation of fruits and vegetables. Uniqueness of hill agriculture may also be demonstrated by promoting pollution free technology for enhancing soil fertility as well as insects pests and disease management through application of biotechnology and organic farming. research projects etc. considering the need and priority for developing land use plan. with diverse agro-ecological and climatic conditions spread in 13 districts representing hills. transportation. Nevertheless. initially founded as U. flowers and medicinal/ aromatic plants. As such it has become essential to review the progress of these colleges and develop a perspective plan to meet the challenges of the newly created state of Uttaranchal. sericulture. Through a journey of 40 years the university has grown into a big campus and has been enriched with basic facilities and amenities for comfortable living of the students and employees. height). warm temperate (1000-1800 mt height). storage and processing industries.fineprint. However. potential and scope for agricultural development in the hill region. etc. it is essential that the total available lands in hills be mapped out showing macro and micro level. tarai and plains the nine colleges of the University have prepared HRD and research perspectives for the next 20 years as per details given below: PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Agricultural University came into being by an act of legislation UP Act XI-V of 1958. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology. problems. livestock production. The university was established on the land grant pattern of the USA and is unique in terms of its objectives. It has nine constituent colleges which vary in their strength in terms of number of departments.km. beekeeping.com .119 sq. The geographical area of the state is 53. For want of objectives and a reliable data base regarding natural resources and a socio-economic profile. most of the activities proposed are based on the secondary sources of information available from the people and the old records. difficult terrains. It was dedicated to the nation on 17 November 1960 for education of the rural people in agriculture. The other agro-based activities like mushroom production. programmes and activities. also have a vast scope for their development if they have a suitable market infrastructure. rural industry and business. height). for pursuing research and undertaking extension programmes in agriculture and other allied subjects. rabbit production. height) and cold zones (2400-3000 mt. courses.P. geoclimatic and biotic situations.
Among other futuristic research areas.com .fineprint. disease and pest forecasting modules. Seed production and quality improvement will be another thrust area for production of low cost hybrid seeds of crops. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. packaging and storage of fruits and vegetables. The product development from soybean. aromatic plants etc. The advance centres in different areas of agricultural sciences at postgraduate level will also be given priority for offering advance courses to the students to enrich their knowledge through basic and applied research to cater to the needs of the public and private organizations. better self-life and other commodity specific quality standards. Research on water resource management will be another priority area to suggest water and nutrient use efficiency in different crops. diversification. advance techniques like remote sensing and GIS will be used for generation of data base and assessment of soil. Research backup will also be provided for mushroom species. post harvest management. Among research priorities thrust will be on crop improvement through heterosis breeding. climate and crop resources. integrated nutrient management. integrated pest management modules.College of Agriculture The HRD through undergraduate curricula will have a shift in priority on resource cum technology management coupled with managerial skills for sustainable production of crops. integrated nutrient management and post harvest management technologies. Under food science and technology emphasis will be given to dehydration. Rain water management under different agro ecosystems. crop residue management. water. The emphasis on research for protected horticulture will also be given to ensure high production with desired quality and to regulate production as well as pest and disease management. integrated weed management. better quality. Research on horticultural crops will have priority on development of micro ropagation techniques for breeding of demand driven varieties of fruits. with high production potential. high production. vegetables. vegetables. Similarly. integrated pest management. fruits etc. Training and upgradation of teachers in all the colleges will get priority for their counter contribution in teaching and research. pest and disease control will be given emphasis. medicinal and aromatic plants. Under agroforestry research priority will be given to management of different agro-forestry systems including pest and disease management. germplasm collection and evaluation for high production. fruits. biotic and abiotic stresses. sericulture. organic farming and bio-fertilizer management and application of biotechnologies for breeding. commercial use and cost benefit analysis. conventional breeding. crop modelling and simulation techniques for important cropping systems. and beekeeping. quality improvement. water management. integrated disease management modules. on-farm water management and water requirement of horticultural crops under micro-irrigation system are the other research priorities of this college. vegetables and other horticultural crops. vegetables and other food crops will be another priority area of research during the next 20 years. with emphasis on quality improvement. genetic transformation. flowers. cereals.
It is fully prepared to start B. strengthening of disease reporting system and diagnostic laboratories.D. Communication and Networking. Agricultural Environmental Engineering..Tech. etc. low cost management systems and development of production systems for different categories of farmers. and Ph. development of quick and reliable diagnostic kits for important diseases. livestock production and management poultry science and veterinary extension as well as special programme on wild life management will be some of the priority areas to be taken up in the next 20 years. Digital Electronics. Optical Fibre. Farm Power and Energy Management. College of Veterinary Sciences The undergraduate programmes have recently been revamped and reoriented. Satellite Communication. Constructional Technology and Management. Micro-Wave and Radar Engineering. ways and means of augmenting feed resources. crossbreeding for upgrading nondescript cattle. Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. integrating approach for control of livestock and poultry diseases. exploitation of local herbs and medicinal plants. modernization of slaughter house. Emphasis will be given to development of teaching materials. The postgraduate programme in epidemiology and preventive medicines. are the priority areas of this college in the next 20 years. Farm Machinery. Instrumentation. fisheries. College of Technology The college is poised to expand its undergraduate and postgraduate programmes to meet the future demands of the country.Tech.The animal science department has identified researches on development of cattle breeds. Post Harvest Process. Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. sheep and goat. Watershed Management. Environmental Engineering. buffalo. The college will concentrate its efforts on all round improvement of livestock so that it may prove to be a backbone of the rural economy. The College also plans researches relevant to all the four branches of Agricultural Engineering for the benefit of farmers. Bio-electronics and Agro-electronics. programmes in Farm Machinery and Power Engineering. The college has also planned M. Agro-electronics. identification of toxic chemicals and self metals in feed and fodder and exploration of nonconventional feeds. Information Technology and Computer Engineering. Image Processing and Remote Sensing. Electronics and Instrumentation. horticulture. Bio-electronics. It will work on the issues and areas which can be helpful to integrate livestock production with crops. embrio transfer technology. communication skills of teachers for effective teaching and periodical training of teachers and field professionals for upgradation of their knowledge as per the need of the hour. Water Resource Development and Management. Electronic System Marketing and Computing. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Digital Communication.fineprint. programmes in 18 specialized areas viz.com . livestock production technology. Information Technology Management. etc. genetic evaluation of local breeds of cattle. Among other priorities. poultry.
natural dyes and fabrics.fineprint. The college research will cover all the relevant areas under the umbrella of applied research for fisheries development. reservoir fisheries and also with international institutes like ICLARM and NACA will be implemented.. fish genetics research. The basic science research will also be planned to help other disciplines/ colleges in conducting basic and applied researches as well as postgraduate studies.D. aquaculture. etc. Fish Processing Technology. It will also reorient its laboratories to ensure professional competence among students. child management. freshwater. Under its research perspectives collaborative programmes with national institutes on coldwater fisheries.com . First stream to discover new scientific base for technology development and second to plan and prepare policies which would ensure fruits of rapid scientific and economic progress. Fishery Biotechnology. through PG and short courses of 3-6 months in addition to refresher courses for in-service professionals.e. Under its research programme priorities will be focused on women employment. Management Development Programme. resource management. Its consultancy and research units will undertake commodity based management aspects to promote investment in the private sector. It will have a Informatics Centre on inland fisheries to cater to the need of North Indian states. Business Management Clinic and Information Technology Management will have a major thrust in expanding H. College of Home Science The college will reorganize and reorient its courses to provide equal opportunities for male and female students in its HRD programmes and to utilize their services as professionals in the society or through self-employment. seed production. However. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.College of Basic Sciences and Humanities The college visualizes the need to develop two streams of man power in biological and physical sciences. College of Agribusiness Management The four units of the college i. College of Fishery Sciences The HRD component of this discipline will concentrate on culture. processing and fishery engineering at undergraduate level. For these courses modernization and establishment of new laboratories will be taken up on priority. under its post graduate studies some new programmes like Fishery Hydrography. Placement and Counselling. development of support systems for working women and operational research on finding self-employment opportunities for them including technology development for low -cost food processing. Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology will be started.R. Fish Pathology.
Similarly under the forestry wing it will have master and Ph. etc. It will play a catalytic role in the design and development of new post graduate programmes through departments to catering to the future needs and demands of the farmers.com . Production.D. newsletters. flowers. classrooms. Connecting all the colleges and hostels through PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Forestry Extension and Industrial Forestry. The proposed Mass Media Research Centre will undertake basic and applied research and also education in different wings of mass communication leading to postgraduate diploma. audio and video cassettes. programmes in Forestry Management. high value products and high tech horticulture including processing of fruits. College of Postgraduate Studies The quality improvement in postgraduate teaching. It will also have a Trainers Training Centre. monthly magazines. medicinal and herbal plants. It will link all the mass media organizations in Uttaranchal for rural development in addition to having a radio and T. industries and other sections of society. biotech research for quality improvement. Agricultural Technology Information Centre and functional linkage with all the development departments. vegetables. with bigger roles and responsibilities. station at the headquarters. IPM. complete computerization of the data base in different disciplines.College of Horticulture and Forestry The college has realized the need for reorganizing the ongoing academic activities to have two separate undergraduate programmes in Horticulture and Forestry. The college has proposed a wide range of research programmes relevant for the Himalayan hill region with a major thrust on collection and conservation of plant bio-diversity.fineprint. Establishment/ strengthening of laboratories. packaging. Post-Harvest Technologies in Horticulture and Horticultural Extension. will be the first priority of the University. herbal and aromatic plants.V. CDs and other software. creating 2 to 4 advance centres in promising discipline in each college and establishment of Technology Park are the other priorities of this college. research and evaluation will be a major thrust of this college. Extension Education Under its extension education programme establishment one KVK in each district of Uttaranchal.. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. including 3-6 month short courses in specialized areas of communication. Processing and Utilization of Herbal Plants. organic farming. Land Resource Management.D. food crops. Both the hill campuses will have the basic facilities and amenities including well equipped laboratories and research infrastructure to ensure retention of talented staff for the envisaged activities. masters and Ph. Under the Horticulture College it will have new postgraduate programmes in Floriculture and Landscaping. medicinal. Agricultural Communication and Information The agricultural communication and information services will be reoriented to meet the specific needs of Uttaranchal. research organizations and NGOs working in Uttaranchal for technology transfer and socio-economic development. bulletins. commercial farming of low volume. This will be done through preparation of communication material like leaflets.
service through information shops.fineprint. institutional reforms and micro planning. Mobile Exhibition Unit are some other innovative programmes of this unit for the next 20 years.. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. export promotion. research and technology management are the other salient research areas of this discipline for the next 20 years. participatory training. Researches in Extension Education The research in extension education and dissemination of farm information will emphasize on socio-economic and cultural dynamics in adoption and diffusion of new technologies. agricultural marketing. Extension.V. and communication support for DASP and feasibility of information dissemination through internet communication system. etc. extension and management. covering other allied areas like diversification.com . Krishi Sanghralaya. training. Researches in Socio-economic Development The social sciences including agricultural economics and extension education department will undertake need based research for micro planning in different farming systems. economic evaluation of prospective technology.cable T.
imparting of agricultural education through the setting up of rural universities became the focal point. In 1949. Dhyan Pal Singh (28-1-66 to 19-1-75) • Shri Shiv Prasad Pandey (20-1-75 to 20-4-77) • Dr. the Vice-President of ICAR. came into being by an Act of legislation. street lighting.Historical Perspective After independence. a network of roads. hospitals. B. UP. Later. the then Chief Minister of UP. Suresh Chandra Mudgal (17-12-93 to 18-2-97) • Dr. was signed to promote agricultural education in the country. Kailash Nath Katiyar (27-1-87 to 26-7-87) • Dr. Dean. who could keep people fruitfully engaged on the university farm. 6 primary schools and 3 secondary schools. The credit for starting the functioning of the University without loosing any time goes to the warm and resourceful personality of the first Vice-Chancellor. The other Vice-Chancellors to be remembered for their distinctive contributions in the development of the University are: • Raja Bajrang Bhadur Singh (20-12-64 to 18-1-66) • Dr. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. with the appointment of the Radhakrishnan University Education Commission. The University of Illinois. In the initial stage the University of Illinois also offered the services of its scientists and teachers. The establishment of this university brought about a revolution in agricultural education. housing colonies. J. Mahatim Singh (31-7-87 to 30-7-90) • Dr. marketing centres. Hari Govind Singh (31-7-90 to 17-12-93) • Dr. The task of assisting Uttar Pradesh in establishing an agricultural university was assigned to the University of Illinois which signed a contract in 1959 to establish an agricultural University in the State. The US universities included the universities of Tennessee. the Ohio State University. of the University of Illinois prepared a blueprint for a Rural University to be set up at the Tarai State Farm in the district Nainital. Chowdhary (Continuing since 17-2-2000) The Campus appears impressive today with its well-tended fields. the Pennsylvania State University and the University of Missouri. in 1960. Thus.W. research and extension. Dharma Pal Singh (22-10-77 to 22-6-78) 12-5-80) • Shri Narendra Shankar Mathur (1-8-78 to • Shri Anand Sarup (27-8-80 to 7-2-83) • Shri Kripa Narayan (9-2-83 to 21-1-87) • Dr. the first agricultural university of India. was constituted that arrived at the idea of establishing a ‘Rural University’ on the land-grant pattern of USA.B. a telephone exchange. in 1954 an Indo-American team led by Dr. the Kansas State University. K. Pant University is a symbol of successful partnership between India and the United States. It paved the way for setting up of 31 other agricultural universities in the country. the labs and the classrooms despite the lurking fear of wild animals roaming the area. Hannah. H. The University was dedicated to the Nation by the first Prime Minister of India Pt Jawaharlal Nehru on 17 November 1960.com . Surendra Bahadur Singh (18-2-97 to 17-2-2000) • Dr. UP Act XI-V of 1958. a water supply section. the Technical Cooperation Mission and some land-grant universities of USA. Govind Ballabh Pant. The Act was later amended under UP Universities Reenactment and Amendment Act 1972 and the University was rechristened as Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology keeping in view the contributions of Pt. Damle. The G. As a consequence a contract between the Government of India. UP Agricultural University.fineprint. the late Dr. Kenneth Anthony Parker Stevenson (1-12-58 to 2-1-64). development of the rural sector was considered the primary concern of the Government of India.R.
(Act XI-V. ° Mandate The University was established by an Act of Legislature of U.The main campus lies in Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttaranchal at 29° N latitude and 79 E longitude at an elevation of 243. Majhera (Nainital district) and at Lohaghat-Sui (Champavat district). among others. as under: • • • making provision for the education of the rural people of Uttar Pradesh in different branches of study particularly agriculture. Tarai. However. the teacher–taught ratio is about 1:6 and student– staff ratio is about 1:1.P. business and other allied subjects. furthering the prosecution of research particularly agriculture and other allied sciences. research and extension. 1958) where under the section Uttar Pradesh Krishi avam Prodyogik Vishwavidyalaya Adhinium 1958.fineprint. Bhabar and hill areas. 631 administrative and ministerial personnel and 1425 class III employees. amounting to a total strength of 2878. the objectives of the University were inscribed.8 m above the mean sea level. rural industry. The number of students in the University ranges between 2800–3000. This main campus has the area responsibility for the entire Uttaranchal representing plains.com . and undertaking field and extension programmes. There are 763 teachers and officers 59 technical staff. Thus. to provide service to the hill region its other stations are situated at Ranichauri (Tehri district). The University was awarded with the ‘Best Institution Award 1997’ for its exemplary performance in the field of agricultural education. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.
the Board of Faculties and such other authorities as may be declared by the Statutes. that are nominated by the State Government. to appoint such committees either standing or temporary as it deems necessary for its proper functioning. to appoint members of the academic and administrative staff. As per the Act the Chancellor.com . Education and Directors of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry of Uttaranchal. He is responsible for the custody of records and common seal of the University. Director Extension and such other persons in the service of the University as may be declared by Statutes are the officers of the University. distinguished industrialist and outstanding women social workers. to hold and control the property and funds of the University. The other authorities of the University are the Academic Council. to meet at such time and in such places as it deems necessary and to regulate and determine all matters concerning the University in accordance with the Act and Statutes. suspension and dismissal of the officers. He is appointed by the Chancellor (Governor of the State) for a period of three years. The Board has the power to approve the budget submitted by the ViceChancellor. He confers the degrees on persons entitled to receive them in the absence of the Chancellor.Organizational Setup The University has a Board of Management as per Re-enactment and Amendment Act 1974 and the Vice-Chancellor is its ex-officio Chairman. Finance.. Agriculture and Watershed Development. livestock breeders. The Vice-Chancellor is the Principal Executive and Academic Officer of the University. The other powers as conferred on him by the University Act and Statutes are also exercised by him as and when required. research and extension in the University. He is also incharge of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. one representative of the ICAR and one representative of the registered graduates of the university are also included. He exercises general control over the affairs of the University and is responsible for maintenance of the discipline in the University. progressive farmers. The Governor of Uttaranchal State is the Chancellor of the University and by virtue of his office he is the head of the University and presides over functions of the University. Registrar. to accept the transfer of any movable or immovable property on behalf of the University. He is the exofficio member and Chairman of the Board of Management and also of the Academic Council. to borrow money for capital improvement. He is the ex-officio secretary of the Board of Management and is responsible for the property and investment of the University. academic staff and other employees of the University. The Registrar is also a whole time officer appointed by the Vice-Chancellor and approved by the Board of Management. The University also has a whole time Comptroller appointed by the state government. He is also responsible for presentation of the budget and statement of accounts to the Board of Management. He prepares and presents the budget and statement of accounts to the Vice-Chancellor. Besides. He exercises the administrative orders of the Board regarding appointment. The other ex-officio members are Secretaries of the State Government viz. He is also responsible for a close coordination and integration of teaching. the powers of the Chancellor and possesses all such powers as may be necessary on behalf of the Chancellor under section 23. to invest money belonging to the University. Director of Experiment Station. There are two members representing the Legislative Assembly and five members representing agricultural scientists. Dean Student Welfare. to administer any fund placed at the disposal of the University for specific purposes. He is the ex-officio secretary of the Academic Council. He ensures faithful observance of the provisions of the University Act and Statutes without prejudice. to direct the form and use of the common seal of the University. Comptroller. Deans of Faculties. Vice-Chancellor.fineprint.
the entrance examination. There is a Director of Experiment Station who keeps proper records of the projects and receives reports of the progress of research for publication. roads and other municipal facilities in the campus. curricula and other information as deemed necessary. education and examination and for the requirements for obtaining degrees. The other sub-committees. Students Discipline Committee and the University Library Committee. both fundamental and applied. research and extension work of the departments comprising in the faculty. to provide programmes of students counselling.fineprint. The University has the Academic Council which looks into the academic affairs of the University and is responsible for the maintenance of standards of instruction. The University also has an Agricultural Experiment Station for conducting research. maintaining records of all courses. It exercises such other powers and perform such other duties as may be conferred or imposed upon it by the Statutes. He is also responsible for the organization and conduct of teaching.com . PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. He is also responsible for conducting the examinations. The other subsidiary offices include Transport Pool. for the arrangement of boarding and lodging facilities for the students. University Press and University Garden. Each faculty has a Dean who is the Chairman of the Board of Faculty and is responsible for the due observation of the Statutes and regulations related to the faculty. The University has nine faculties representing nine different colleges. For planning and execution of extension programmes based on the results of the research. The University also has a Director of Administration and Monitoring who is also the Chief Security Officer and is responsible for maintaining linkages with the district administration and ensures compliance of orders in the University for execution in different departments. the University has a full time Director of Extension also. For providing information support and distant education through mass media there is another Directorate of Communication and Information Services with a provision of Director as head of the unit to plan and execute communication and information services related to different disciplines with the help of media specialists. The University has a well-equipped library to serve as an effective information and study support to the students and teachers for teaching and research in the university. The University also has a Dean of Student Welfare. There is also a full-fledged Directorate of Works and Plants for supervision of construction and maintenance of the buildings. The personnel management is looked after by a senior faculty member as Chief Personnel Officer for teachers and officers and the nonteaching staff is looked after by another senior faculty member as Establishment Officer. There is a Directorate of Extension that provides useful information to the farmers and housewives to help them in solving their problems and taking measures toward developing their interests. Instrumentation Centre. in all faculties. For placement of the University graduates in different private/public sector organizations and also their training in different organizations there is a post of the Director. Each department has a Head who is responsible to the Dean for organization and operation of the department. to supervise extra-curricular activities and to maintain contact with the alumni of the University. Each faculty has a number of departments as approved by the Board of Management on recommendation of the Academic Council. Each faculty comprises of departments as prescribed by the Statutes. The University has a distinction of having a full time Chief General Manager of farm for planning and execution of agricultural production activities at the University Farm. of the Academic Council are the Educational Policy Committee. Training and Placement .
Tech programmes in Civil. to take care of the needs of education. It was housed for the first four years (1960–1964) in a large hall in the College of Agriculture. In 1985. the College of Fishery Science. As a result of unabated cleaning and development work on this vast area it was converted into an impressive and pollution free campus with an elegant network of farm land. a College of Agricultural Engineering was started which was renamed as the College of Technology in 1966 with the addition of 3 new B. Now.000 acres. At this campus only research and extension programmes were carried out till 1991. agriculture received greater importance and was covered under the umbrella of the GATT Agreement. In order to meet the demand of trained graduates in agriculture and its allied sector with a management background. Fear of mosquitoes and leeches. Hence. was also being felt strongly since the inception of the University. viz. Educational Network After its establishment in 1960 the University started functioning with two colleges.e.Sc. Two years later. to develop manpower in aquaculture and fishery in the inland waters of the State. research and extension programmes.F. remoteness of the site. roads.. the College of Post-Graduate Studies was started in the University. The campus is surrounded with a lush green plantation in the foothills of the Himalayas. University Library The University Library was established in 1960. In the last decade of the twentieth century. Bhabhar and the adjacent area of the hills. a full-fledged hill campus was established in 1976 by the University at Ranichauri in the district of Tehri Garhwal. the College of Agriculture and the College of Veterinary Medicine which has now been renamed as the College of Veterinary Sciences. infrastructures and facilities along with supporting units to attain envisaged goals through the last 40 years. Prior to this the undergraduate programme of B. research and extension in the hills of UP. Commercialization and globalization made agriculture a business-like venture. the University established another college i. by 1992 a well-equipped College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture was started with a provision of laboratories. with the initiation of master’s programmes in different departments. and high humidity were some of the hardships to be faced at the initial stage together with reclamation of the land and its rehabilitation.B. with the formation of the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility of the University has been limited to the 11 districts of the hills and 2 districts of the plains comprising Tarai. research stations.com . The College became functional in 1998 and has been able to meet the expectations of running agribusiness at par with other areas of trade and industry. was carried out at the main campus till 1996. The University is committed to the allround agricultural development of these areas through its concerted efforts and innovative education. This space soon proved to be inadequate and a new library building was erected on the Eastern end of the Administration PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The need of a college which could impart the knowledge of basic scientific principles to the students.52km covering a gross area of 16. colleges. Mechanical and Electrical engineering. the university established a College of Agri-Business Management in 1996. hostels and schools. Its present form has been traced in this chapter. Pant University has a perimeter of 28. Hence a School of Basic Sciences and Humanities was established in 1963 which was upgraded as the College of Basic Sciences and Humanities. A big responsibility of the University was a hilly area which had agro climatic conditions and problems quite different from the plains. Uttaranchal State on the Delhi–Nainital and Lucknow–Nainital routes. However. The University has now grown up with a full range of activities.Campus Growth The G. Less than 50 years ago it was a thick forest inhabited by wild beasts.fineprint. residences. hostels and additional staff to carry out teaching programmes. In the same year. in the district of Udham Singh Nagar.
There are large collection of books on varied topics like fine arts. history. Zakir Hussain. travel. except the rare books which are made available on demand. etc. Construction was delayed. handbooks. Student Welfare The Department of Student Welfare unit coordinates all activities of students and arranges their stay on the campus. Secondly. The University Library has also been compiling one ‘Indian Agricultural Index’.000 periodicals. a music room. The Library building is a magnificent. In addition to it. have been thoughtfully provided in the structure itself. functional structure. providing a reading accommodation for 250 students. To meet the need of the times. a new building was planned in 1970–71 with a future projection of 5 years. covering all English and Hindi articles having a bearing on agriculture and published in Indian agricultural journals received in the Library. 4 activity clubs and 10 hobby clubs/projects for professional development and personality building.3 million consisting of books. Hence. The Advisor acts as a local guardian to the students. students book lending cell and a cartographic lab. For literary. Medical and Health services are provided through four medical officers in the University Hospital and weekly visits of an eye surgeon and other specialists. dictionaries. Fourthly. There is a wing counsellor in each wing of every hostel who guides the junior students besides acting as a link between the Warden and the Advisor. the inside environment of the Library is very cozy and relaxing which helps the readers to work with concentration and high efficiency for long hours. the then President of India. Firstly. The food service in each hostel is on no profit–no loss basis and is run by a cooperative management through a students’ food committee. are available. display 3. college-wise halls equipped with musical instruments. There is an excellent reference section comprising encyclopedias.com . music. gymnasium. The Library was shifted into its new premises in December 1964. a library. Most of the books are related to the scientific and technical curriculum of the University. and other publications. The Library maintains ‘open access’ system. SPIC MACAY and film screening programmes and other activities two auditoriums. stadium and swimming pool. it has an ample provision for natural light and ventilation.Block. a monthly indexing service. 35 mm double cine projector.50. and the reading area. Thirdly. a separate Hindi section has been introduced. for readers to have direct access to all the books and periodicals on the shelves. About 2. standards. etc. drama. the collection and the reading area is broken into several smaller subject-wise units to avoid stuffiness in the stacks and overcrowding in reading rooms. There are 17 games and sports clubs with hostel-wise playground.000 books. This building has several unique features which make it one of the best library buildings in the country.000 readers. built on modern principles to house 3. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. During that period the Library introduced many new facilities like Xeroxing. and seat 1. multistoried. a large number of books of general interest are available testifying to the genuine efforts of the University to promote an all-round development among students. with a view to facilitate air conditioning in the future. etc.000 sq. It arranges programmes of orientation lectures for freshers and initiates welcome functions at the hostel and college levels to create friendly relations among the students. This building had a floor area of 16. but finally in 1982 the University Library moved into its present premises.ft. costumes. cultural. It was formally inaugurated on 30 March 1965 by the Late Dr.fineprint. As the needs of the fast-expanding academic activity of the University increased the Library became overcrowded in a very short time. rooms.800 students are lodged in 16 hostels which are provided with a common room. indoor games and courts for basketball. it has clearly demarcated three functional areas : the staff work area. the central services.. badminton and tennis. fans. a colour TV. bound periodicals. current affairs. religions. the ducts. Fifthly. University book deport. The extracurricular activities are organized through 10 societies. political science as well as fiction. At present the University Library holds a document collection of over 0.
Research Station. The area of responsibility of this university before formation of Uttaranchal State for research and extension was in 28 districts comprising the Hill Zone. sports competitions and matches.com . Sui (Lohaghat. the Western-Plains Zone. Basic Sciences and Humanities. The students’ participation in the University administration is ensured through executive committees. annual sports meet. Career guidance and lectures from guest speakers both from within and outside the University are also arranged. Western Plains Zone PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Besides this. This is done under the supervision of Director Training and Placement assisted by two Assistant Directors. Livestock Research Centre. Hill Zone 1. A well developed and extended fisheries research center cum fish seed hatchery of 4 crore seedlings annual capacity is established at the College of Fishery Science. fellowships and loans. Fisheries and Forestry. Republic Day and birth day/ anniversaries in respective hostels are also carried out. and the Mid-Western Plains Zone of UP.fineprint. a full-fledged Directorate of Training and Placement established in 1980 provides a purposeful link between the graduates and their prospective employers. The training of farmers and fanctionaries associated with fisheries development is also orgainzed at this centre. Majhera (8. Home Science. An alumni association. Conscious of this linkage. The on-campus research is conducted at various research centres namely Crop Research Centre. In addition there are wellequipped laboratories in all the colleges to conduct research in priority areas. Research Station. Information is provided to the students regarding different coaching programmes for the state and national-level competitions. Pauri B. Chancellor’s Gold Medal on the basis of composite index of academic and extra-curricular activities is awarded to the best graduates. etc. Horticulture Research Centre. Counselling Cell for higher education. Technology. exhibitions. A good placement is synergically linked with quality education. Directorate of Training and Placement The University is annually producing on an average 400 undergraduate and 180 postgraduate students in various disciplines of Agriculture. the University has established out campus research centres/stations in various zones as indicated below: A. The Directorate prepares a classified directory of prospective employers for University graduates to facilitate frequent contacts with them through correspondence and personal visits. The research activities of the University are coordinated and monitored by the Directorate of Experiment Station.Financial assistance to the tune of 4. Vegetable Research Centre and Mushroom Research Centre. celebration of Independence Day. In addition to extra curricular activities. The information regarding opportunities for higher education to our graduates for enhancing their educational qualifications in India and abroad is provided on regular basis by the Directorate. The Directorate also advises graduates seeking self-employment regarding practices and procedures for setting up their own enterprises. Hill Campus. Veterinary Sciences.2 ha) 3. To conduct the research based on the local needs of the farmers. a publication of The Student to highlight the student activities. The priority of the Research agenda is determined by the Research Advisory Committee under the Chairmanship of the Vice-Chancellor. 7 ha) 4.5 million is disbursed through 50 types of scholarships. Poultry Research Centre. the University arranges on-campus mock interviews and provides learning material and guides. drive for social causes. wardens and assistant wardens. Student discipline is administered through discipline committees. Ranichauri (203 ha) 2. yoga camps. are also organized in a routine manner by the student welfare unit. cultural programmes at important occasions. Agricultural Implements Research and Testing Station. Research Infrastructure The University has been engaged in agricultural research besides education and transfer of technology.
. The State Government has also sanctioned establishment of KGK for the district of Rudraprayag. Thus a total of 10 KVKs and 14 KGKs were functioning in 22 districts. training and telecast from Doordarshan Kendra. Besides looking after the quarantine. It is operating through the following units : Radio Production Unit: This unit is fully-equipped with staff and necessary equipment to attain the broadcast quality of the programmes produced in the radio studio. The Directorate of Extension has recently developed Agricultural Technology Information Centre as a single window service unit for advisory. propagation and distribution to agricultural universities.1. managed by NGOs. This increased to 20 with the formation of Ghaziabad district. Meerut (266. Uttarkashi. the centre will also help in their long-term storage. The Centre also provides mass media support to extension programmes of the University other than teaching.fineprint. In the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility of the University extension education has been assigned to 13 districts of which 11 districts represent the hills and the other 2 districts viz. was started in two districts in 1970 and one ORP on Resource Development on Watershed basis was launched during 1985–86 in Bareilly.2 ha) After creation of the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility is confined to 13 districts of Uttaranchal. Later on the services were extended to 16 districts of UP. Bijnor. The ICAR under NATP has sanctioned a scheme for recommending the Zonal Research Centre. Pauri. All these programmes were merged into KVK in 1992. financially sponsored by the ICAR. the area jurisdiction of the University rose to 28 districts. Ghaziabad. Extension Network The Directorate of Extension started functioning in 1962 with a team at the headquarters and three members in the field in Nainital district. Two KVKs. Almora and Udham Singh Nagar. entry. Research Station Nagina (31 ha) 2. Chamoli. Mid-Western Plains Zone 1. Research Station.8 ha) 2. exchange. This means the research and extension efforts will be intensified in these 13 districts of Uttaranchal to make agriculture more progressive in this state. Research Station Ujhani (7. The programmes produced from this unit are sent for broadcast to AIR stations. one each located in Meerut and Muzaffarnagar districts. to perform the function of KVK for Nainital district. Shahjahanpur and Champawat. Lucknow and Bareilly.1 ha) C. First KVK was sanctioned in 1983 for Tehri Garhwal district. Now in Uttaranchal. out of 13 districts. Udham Singh Nagar and Hardwar of Tarai Bhabhar and plains. In 1992–94 seven more KVKs. research institutes and farmers. Badaun. were transferred to the University in 1998. This centre will help in conserving the rich depository of natural wealth of the Himalayan hills and other biodiversity-rich regions. Saharanpur. Communication Centre The Communication Centre was established in 1970 for technology dissemination among farmers. The ICAR also sanctioned the Lab to Land programme as a part of its Silver Jubilee celebration. Video Production Unit: This unit is also well-equipped with necessary facilities for video film production. evaluation and recording of indigenous and imported germplasm. diagnostic services and supply of critical units like seed. Ujhani (10. the State Government entrusted upon the University the responsibility of extension education in 19 districts of western plain and hill areas of UP. extension units are working in 9 districts which include 2 KVKs at Ranichauri and Lohaghat and 7 KGKs at Dehradun. one each for Rampur. A Pantnagar Centre for Plant Genetic Resources (PCPGR) is under construction at the University. The video programmes are produced for teaching. Thus 11 districts of Uttaranchal have one or the other unit of extension system of the University. Hardwar. Delhi. Majhera (Nainital). The national demonstration programme. Due to rise in number of district before formation of Uttaranchal State. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. were sanctioned. research and other activities/programmes. extension workers and others through mass media. etc. In 1973. saplings planting material.com . Western Campus Modipuram.
whether in the form of improved crop varieties or superior production technologies. The staff strength of the University Farm constitutes around 14 officers.fineprint. there has been allocation of some land of the farm towards strengthening of breeder seed production unit. pulses and vegetable crops and thus helps in making available the seed of superior varieties to every nook and corner of the country. 85 field staff. Huts) Plantation and orchards 374. extension and other activities of the University. PAC. An offset printing machine has also been installed which is being used for printing of monthly magazines.equipped letterpress and a printing press. Besides.93 ha due to utilization of certain area towards non-agricultural but absolutely essential uses required by Government of India/Uttar Pradesh. viz.373. Considering a great demand from the farmers and entrepreneurs the emphasis is being laid on the production of low-cost books in Hindi and English to provide vocational guidance to entrepreneurs and input agencies for promotion of agro-based industries. Home Science and other disciplines. One quarterly newsletter. The break-up of area allocation to various sectors is as follows :Gross area 4. training. Photographic and Graphics Production Unit: This is a central facility of the University and caters to the needs related to teaching. national and international exhibitions. etc. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. 40 office staff. research administrations and managers to translate their innovative ideas into concrete actions. This is the place where laboratory technology. workshops.49 ha Land made available for other uses 375. University Farm The Pantnagar University farm with a huge acreage (4. Besides.07 ha gross area) provides ample opportunities to research scientists. Printing Unit: The University has a well.News and Publication Unit: For the technology dissemination through press.65 ha (Seed Production Centre. the net cultivable area of the farm is somewhat reduced to 3. conferences. The seed production units and orchards are being integrated for utilization of the Farm more judiciously. This unit is also responsible for the production of exhibits and display materials required for the Information Centre of the college and the exhibitions arranged during Kisan Mela.93 ha Of the net cultivated area about 1.373. So far. Text-book Production: The University has also got textbook production facilities for Hindi medium instruction for the students of Agriculture. public address services.200 ha is under sugarcane and the remaining about 2. symposia.048 ha is under various crops with double cropping. Railways. Pantnagar News in English is also produced from this Centre. folders and technical bulletins.07 ha Buildings and roads 374. training.00 ha Net cropped area 3. a variety of print material like leaflets. Audio-visual and Projection Services: The audio-visual and projection unit screens 35 mm films for students’ entertainment and video films for training and teaching purposes. and two monthly magazines. Foundation and Certified seed of major cereals.622. Kisan Bharti in Hindi and Indian Farmers’ Digest in English are published from this unit. Rajendra Prasad National Award. viz. slides and overhead projection facilities are also made available for teaching. prospectus and other quality works.com .509 farm labourers. seminars. students. 105 technical staff and 1. Presently. state. oilseeds.248. District Centre. is put to rigorous test on commercial scale for the benefit of the farming community of the country. The University Farm plays a pivotal role in the production of Breeder seed. the University has produced over 160 textbooks in Hindi for undergraduate students and 20 of these books have been honoured with Dr.
to 2. Guest Houses The University has two guest houses viz.00 a. The services of Ayurvedic and Homeopathic doctors are also available in the campus. therefore. Services of the carpenter. University Workshop The College of Technology has a well-established workshop which provides facility to all the departments and units of the University for undertaking various mechanical work. The University hospital has six doctors. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. One Hindi-medium primary school was. started in the beginning. These are maintained by charging nominal fees from the residents for the organization of their functions. Welfare Centres To organize social and family celebrations of the campus residents five community centres are available at different locations in the University. Schools Being away from the city the campus required schooling facilities for the children of the employees. Construction and Maintenance Facilities The University has a well-developed unit of Works and Plants for undertaking various maintenance works at the University campus. These are spread over in Phool Bagh. Now with the increase in the number of students in the campus the University has three Intermediate schools and seven primary schools to cater to the needs of different localities. Chakpheri Colony and Nagla Colony. All the departments and units of the University can use the services of this centre.com .fineprint. are available for all sections. mechanic and machines. etc. The emergency ward remains open throughout. There are also a number of labour colonies in different blocks of the University Farm. painter. A Farmer’s Hostel for housing farmers coming for training. the University has a large number of quarters for the employees in the campus itself. etc. Residential Colonies Being a residential university. Ta Colony. Shopping Centres Being away from the city the Campus developed a good marketing centre at the central place and three small marketing centres in remote areas of the University. water and construction to take up new work and also look after the repair and maintenance of the existing buildings and installations. Jha Colony. except for Sundays and gazetted holidays. Lal Bagh. Medical Facilities The University hospital is located close to the main market and is easily accessible to all the people of the University. It has three separate wings of electrical. farmers fairs.Instrumentation Centre The University has an Instrumentation centre in the College of Basic Sciences and Humanities as a central facility for the repair of scientific instruments. visits. The hospital is broadly divided into the male ward and the female ward.m.m. Later the need of an English-medium school was also felt and hence.00 p. On normal days about 500 patients and on holidays about 100 patients visit the Hospital. the Campus School was started in the college of agriculture which was later shifted to a separate building. It remains open on all the days from 8. is also attached with the International Guest House. the International Guest House and the Lambert Square Guest House.
) Total 3557 Staff position at University Farm S. Class IV 4. 5. Bulandshahr 1 13. 6. Bal Nilium. Research Station. Officers 2. Krishi Vigyan Kendra 20 4 1 4 1 7 55 2 96 5 4 5 5 2 15 68 20 3 - 4 11 81 99 Cadre wise sanctioned position of staff in the University S.No. Clerical Technical PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Ujhani 1 15. Research Station. Agriculture Technology Veterinary Sciences Basic Sciences and Humanities Home Science Fisheries Forestry and Hill Agriculture University Library Physical Education Research Station 10. 2. 8. General Budget 6 11. research and extension officers at the University S. Ranichauri 14 Directorate of Extension 19. Research Station. hostel. Modipuram 2 17. Master listed employee regularized from 1986–87 to 2000–2001 Sanctioned Posts 24 317 118 1542 Number of approved posts 95 2. Research Station. Lohaghat 16. Cadre 1. security. Majhera 1 14. College Professor/ Director 20 26 20 10 5 3 3 1 Associate Assistant Professor/SRO Professor/JRO 44 44 32 23 8 5 7 83 59 30 49 18 9 11 18 8 1.No. Stenographic guest-house. Sui. Research Station.No. 3.fineprint. Research Station. Headquarters 20. etc. All India Coordinated Research Project 6 18.com . 7. 4. Class III 3. 9. Research Station.University Manpower Position of teaching. 5. Cadre 1. Nagina 1 12.
000 ha has more than one crop in a year. This part of the state is bestowed with mixed farming systems on subsistence basis. km with maximum length of the region from east to west 357 km and the maximum breadth from north to south 294 km.com . extension and development work. About 1/3 of the total area in Uttaranchal is either rocky/snow covered/glaciated or otherwise unproductive.12. irrigation water. The responsibility for preparation of agricultural policy for the new state has also been assigned to this university.80. The net sown area for the region is a little over 13% of the total reported area. • Contribution of women in agriculture is more than 80 percent. • The total reporting area is 55. glaciers. demography. no mass media for dissemination of agricultural information. scarce resources in terms of land. The recorded forest area constitutes 63. fodder (barseem) and some vegetables. High mountains and small hills. forestry. • The area under wastelands is 3. soil.92. horticulture. Like most other hill economy.000 ha of which cultivable waste is 2.71. big and small rivers and rivulets.620 villages. needs of people and history. based on remote sensing and satellite imagery information is only 44 percent.000 ha and 66. investment levels. and a low investment capacity of the farmers resulting in low productivity of crops. • Present area under fallow is 12.19 percent. small and regimental holding. degraded land. About 12 percent of agricultural land has got irrigation and about 90% land is used for growing cereals. barley. the people of Uttaranchal practice integrated systems of farming.15.73. climate. • The forest and agriculture are the major land based activities. It has a geographical area of 51. valleys and lakes.66.000 ha of which 5. Land Utilization The economy and land use of Uttaranchal are determined largely by topography. The hill region has relatively poor infrastructure for research. • The area under rice–wheat is 39. • The area under maize. snow peaks and tops.000 ha of which 34. • The crops are grown on 8.000 ha is as other fallow land.000 ha.000 ha. • The state has 95 development blocks and 15.485 square kilometer containing 84.000 ha and land used under non-cultivation purpose is 1. implements and machines and transportation. although there are wide variations in this percentage from district to district. large forested areas and terraced fields are the integral features of Uttaranchal.04.126 sq.8 ha which is scattered in small pieces. livestock and off-farm activities. Some other factual data to describe Uttaranchal is presented below: • The total geographical area of the State is 53. available levels of technology. food legumes and pulses is 3 to 4 percent.94 percent and under millets plus pseudo cereals is 28.79 lakh population.92 percent of the total reported area though the actual cover.15. level of entrepreneurship. • The average size of holding in hill region is 0.fineprint. • Area under trees and bushes is 2. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.000 ha and under grassland is 1. In the new state the priorities for research and extension programmes have been shifted in view of the fact that out of 13 districts 11 districts represent the hill region which has different agro-ecological and climatic conditions. economic base. technology.000 ha is under forest cover. infrastructural facilities.Some Salient Features of Uttaranchal State and Priority Areas for Research and Development After carving a new state of Uttaranchal from Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000 the University has been assigned a responsibility for agricultural research and extension activities in the state bestowed with a diversified agroclimatic and socio-cultural milieu.
etc.400 metric tonnes. The net area sown in Uttaranchal is only about one-eighth of the gross reported area. It has major irrigated land adopting two year crop rotation of rice.03. In certain areas in the higher regions the minimum temperature during winters is below freezing point while the maximum day temperature in the plains and also in some valleys can range as high as 40–45o C. • There is ample scope for seed production of temperate vegetables. wild-life. 281 ha grass vegetable with 4. The remaining part represents the hill region and being based on a height from the sea level following agroclimatic variations are observed : Zone A : Subtropical (up to 1000 m height).• The area under temperate and sub-tropical fruits is 1. is ecologically a fragile region. mushroom.000 to 1.200 metric tonne production and 5. There are wide temperature fluctuations during the year and also among various areas. 3. Agro-climatic Variations To make a distinction in terms of agroclimatic conditions the state has got plains of Hardwar. It is not used for cultivation and generally used as grassland. • The State has 67.174 sheep.fineprint. apiculture.97. Zone D : Cold Zone ( 2400 to 3000 m height). Many wild-life and plant PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.com . by rising demands on account of rapidly increasing human and animal populations. Uttaranchal has a relatively higher literacy rate i.122 buffaloes. about 71 percent of the agricultural holdings are marginal. marachha. Of the main workers 58.600 mm. Participation of women in labour force is high and above 35 percent women are classified as workers.4 percent agricultural labourers. 10. Important Interventions Taking into account the problems of the region as recounted above. About 42 percent of the population can be classified as workers out of which 36.000 ha each with total production of 48. on an average. forests. above 75 percent. The mountain peaks are snow covered during winters while the higher peaks in the cold zone are perpetually under snow.64.e. The annual rainfall of the State varies from 1. 1.877 crossbred cows.45.563 cattle. • On the high hills the wild animals are in plenty to harm the standing crops. • There are 20.37. Thus. Zone B : Warm temperate (1000 to 1800 m height). 10. • The institutional infrastructure for agricultural development including credit availability is quite inadequate. This zone has generally rainfed crops like barley. though soil structure. Angora rabbit farming.402 chicken in the State.1 percent are cultivators and 6. Zone C : Cool temperate (1800 to 2400 m height). fertility.558 goats and 8. flowers and medicinal plant production. water regimes.23. wheat followed by mandua mixed with other millets and food legumes. Dehradun and Champawat districts. potato.—have been severely affected. for males and about 43 percent for females (1991 census). let us very briefly attempt to list out some of the key interventions that would be required in order to improve planning and administrative arrangements in the new state of Uttaranchal and thereby bringing a distinct improvement in the lot of its people. temperature regime and crop variety differ from both of them. Its natural resources—soils. chua.4 percent belongs to the category of main workers.89. • The State has ample scope for sericulture. Protection of Environment : Top Priority of Uttaranchal Uttaranchal on the whole. bio-diversity. Only about one-third of the cultivated area is irrigated. About 50 percent of land holdings are below half a hectare and another 21 percent between half and one hectare. It has crops and farming practices quite similar to Tarai and Plains.08.99 metric tonne productivity per ha. Tarai region represented by Udham Singh Nagar and some Bhabar areas of Nainital. Literacy in rural areas is about 55 percent. ugal and fafar.
These gaps need to be filled by developing data banks which should be networked so as to easily accessible. rivulets and springs are essential for planning water resource uses for energy. Reliable time series data is hardly available. It is. (ii) Total available land in hill areas should be mapped out accounting for macro and micro level geo-climatic and biotic situations to determine optimal land capability choices. The data should be accurate. drinking and other purposes at macro. important to consider all these points while formulating an agricultural policy and a land use plan for Uttaranchal. (v) In the management of village forests and other common property. therefore. meso and micro levels. The typical problems of Uttaranchal include skewed land use. incidence of poverty and deficiencies in physical as well as social infrastructural facilities. On that basis land use must move in a phased manner to capability profiles through policy and action. therefore. Serious data gaps exist in land uses and in changes that have been occurring. relating to land. low productivity. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. (iv)For developing reliable land-use data there is a need of integrating different technologies like remote sensing. irrigation. etc. Discharge measurements of small rivers. Data would have to be regularly updated. systematic disposal of waste material. Agriculture on steep slopes has adversely depleted soil resources.com . It is. one of the major constraints is lack of accurate and timeseriesbased data. important to bridge the gaps. The Need for Objective and Reliable Data Base In planning for hill region. employment. heavy human as well as animal population pressures. Unscientific open grazing by large number of animals has depleted forest floors and pastures and endangered many shrub and grass species. compensatory afforestation. which is mostly inaccurate and not available in time series forms so as to interpret the trends and understand the problems and work out solutions. updated and available in time series forms so that changes can be monitored and evaluated so that corrective mechanisms are built into the processes of planning. streams. marginal agriculture. the already available rights and concessions of the people should be respected as far as possible and their traditional knowledge and experience be utilized and built upon. incomes. social and physical infrastructural facilities.fineprint. This region is a difficult area in terms of geography. accessibility and sustainable growth needs.species have become extinct or are endangered. After all it has to be remembered that the water and soil resources for the plains come largely from the hills. Water springs have shrunk or even vanished altogether. This will need full community participation. inadequate forest cover. etc. GIS and GPS with aerial photography and field-based cadastral surveys. The importance of hill area also lies in the fact that not only it is important for protecting and sustaining its own fragile environment for the long-term advantage of the region but also much more important for the health of the plains down-stream namely the Indo-Gangetic valley which constitutes the food bowl of the country. (iii)Land capability profiles need to be generated watershed-wise. (vi)Mining operations in hill regions have to be carefully regulated through appropriate conservation measures like full rehabilitation of mined areas. to the extent possible should be the units of areal planning but watershed planning would have to be fitted with and nested in an ascending order. land resources etc. Water Resource Management (i) Water flow and ground recharge data gaps are severe and need to be removed. water. Developing Land Use Plan (i) Land use is skewed and needs to be altered to a more optimal potential development. forestry. (ii) Watershed .
This will require the establishment of spring water sanctuaries. etc. industrialization. Only then can the farmers’/growers’ returns be reasonable and economic. In order to meet foodgrain requirements the Public Distribution System must be strengthened in the region. A beginning has been made but much more remains to be done. water and air. (vi)All possible moisture conserving agronomic techniques and crop rotations should be utilized to minimize water intensity of crop production. processing.g. Also. (iii)The demand of land for non-agricultural uses like urbanization. Even roof run-off can be easily stored and utilized. storage. It has yet to be implemented effectively in Uttaranchal. water conservation and maintaining of good water quality. nullahs. This strategy will require many other steps towards improving post-harvest technologies. branding. RCC/Ferro-cement tanks. nuts. should be channelized through closed conduits. regeneration and additions to forest area. polythene lined tanks. horticultural and similar other crops. packaging.com . PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. (ix)Water users need to be trained in the management of local level water projects. pucca channels and grassland waterways to minimize seepage and evaporation losses. (iv)Forests must be accepted primarily as a source of soil. sprinkler and drip irrigation need to be adopted for economizing on the use of water. Forest Management (i) Management of forests must be based on the principles of protection. (vi)The lab–land interface has to be made dynamic and interactive. marketing and distribution. spices and herbs should be encouraged for improving land productivity and income. Agriculture and Horticulture (i) Steep slope agriculture must be phased out. infrastructure. etc. tourism. Full technical support must be provided to local communities for managing their forests. nor should agricultural area be expanded. dighis. (ii) Terracing is very expensive but where terraces already exist these should be levelled and made slightly inward sloping to reduce soil erosion. seeds. we can think of commercial uses. (v) High value low volume production approach should be adopted for agricultural. flowers. Research results must be proven in farm conditions before extension is attempted. The next priority should be given to local needs of people and only then. Their full participation in local level water management and use is very essential. (iv)Food self-sufficiency cannot and should not be the objective of agricultural development in hills. wherever possible. (ii) Joint Forest Management (with local communities) as a principle of forest policy has been accepted by most states in the Himalayan region for government owned ‘reserve’ forests in recent years. infiltration wells. (v) Spring water resources need to be preserved. Hill research is inadequate and needs a farmer-friendly approach. In view of the scarcity of good agricultural land in the mountain regions all possible care must be exercised to minimize diversion of such land for other purposes. niche development of specified types of hill produce such as off-season vegetables. (iv)Powerless pumps (hydrams). (vii)Water conveyance. bulbs. fruits. is bound to increase over time.fineprint. (viii)Water should be properly priced so that its waste is discouraged. (iii)Community forests should be squarely placed in the hands of users and for this purpose local empowered institutions would have to assume responsibilities.(iii)Water harvesting is very important and this can be done both by in-situ retention of moisture in soils and small storage e.
com . engineering and technology. (Ag. Horticulture. discouragement of open grazing systems and increasing productivity of pastures and forest floors. vegetables. tea cultivation and processing would be given top priority. social. In doing this exercise diversification of agriculture by incorporating fruits. viz. At present there are 12 departments. At that time the College consisted of only two departments. The State does not have commodity-based research infrastructure. Entomology. herbal medicinal and aromatic plants. animal husbandry. All such factors viz. It is the largest academic unit of the University engaged in teaching. (iii)In all the hill afforestation programmes. stone fruits. spices. flower. litchi. Genetics and Plant Breeding. The strategies of research in other areas like poultry. Educational Achievement To keep pace with the growth and development of the society and also considering the needs and priorities for the upliftment of agrarian population the colleges/educational units were established in a phased manner. nutrition and food. The other considerations are to diversify agriculture with major emphasis on cash and horticultural crops for more employment and prosperity. The horizontal and vertical growth of different colleges and the educational achievement of each college can be learnt from the following description. to make agricultural vocations and technologies women friendly and to manage/utilize agricultural and natural resources on watershed basis for integrated development through agriculture. technological which influence agricultural production will be identified and isolated for comprehensive research. is based on agroclimatic conditions and needs of the farmers residing under different agroclimatic regions.Livestock (i) Quality of livestock in hills is very poor and has to be upgraded through cross-breeding and other means. Agrometeorology .)]. research and extension activities in an integrated manner. etc.Sc. Hence. women development. the Crop Sciences and the Animal Sciences. better management practices. forestry. (ii) Fodder and feed shortages are acute. The research strategy of Uttaranchal. College of Agriculture The College of Agriculture registered its first batch of students on 9 July 1960. It provided a unique model for practical training in crop production and has PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. to keep the environment pollution free and maintain an ecological balance. Stall feeding should be adopted widely.D. Plant Pathology and Soil Science. Agricultural communication. as said earlier. spices.fineprint. The animal aspect will also be studied thoroughly under different geographic conditions. The College has made an overwhelming progress through the last four decades. Agronomy. The requirements have to be met through varietal improvement. will be developed based on the needs and problems of different agro-ecosystems. The College is running one undergraduate [B. horticulture. The total numbers of students were 144 and around half of them were from rural areas. apiculture and associated activities. strawberry. The Agricultural Policy of Uttaranchal The agricultural policy of Uttaranchal has been framed for increasing agricultural production and food security of the State. tea production and processing. pome-fruits. The phasing of colleges was necessary in view of the shortage of funds and manpower. planting of fodder and fuel trees should be prioritized. programmes. sericulture. 16 Master’s and 13 Ph. flowers. food processing. citrus fruits. Food Science and Technology. Agricultural Economics. fisheries. aromatic and medicinal plants. Animal Sciences. The Practical Crop Production course was started by the College in 1962 for the first batch of the students. nut-fruits. priority will also be given on establishment of the centres for research on mango. economic. potato. Vegetable Science. vegetable production. fishery. veterinary sciences. mushroom..
The post-graduate degree programmes in these departments were started in 1964. Anatomy and Histology.V. Plant Pathology and Soil Science guide and supervise the Clinic.Sc. Gynaecology and Obstetrics.H.0 ha land with all the facilities.com .. Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine. Animal Genetics and Breeding. besides two independent units. In 1976 the College was renamed as the College of Veterinary Sciences with 9 departments namely Anatomy and Histology. The laboratories are equipped with modern equipment required for basic and applied research in different departments. plant clinic laboratory. residue analysis laboratory. These include a food processing laboratory which was remodelled and updated to serve as a pilot plant. Pathology. irrigation laboratory. Pharmacology and Toxicology. The course carries a load of four credits spread over two semesters and is offered in the third year of the degree programme.since been adopted by almost all the agricultural universities in the country. • Centre of Advanced Studies in Agricultural Communication • Centre of Advanced Studies in Agronomy • Centre of Advanced Studies in Plant Pathology The College has sophisticated instrumentation facilities such as NMR spectrometer. Physiology and Pharmacology. 7 new departments viz. Another innovative feature of the agricultural education is the Rural Work Experience Programme of 16 credits which was started in 1992.Sc. These 17 departments and veterinary teaching hospital are engaged in teaching 84 courses offered to the undergraduate students of B. Microbiology and Hygiene. This is the first agricultural college in the country to start Earn While You Learn programme which envisages professional training and work experience. degree programme was increased from 4 years to 5 years in 1980 so as to impart internship training and also to improve the standard of education. In all 195 credit hours are offered to the undergraduate students excluding the compulsory internship training of 180 days. and PCRs. and Medicine and Surgery. and A. research and extension programme as recommended by the Veterinary Council of India (VCI). Thus. The students are grouped into teams.. presently the college has 17 departments. The duration of B.000/ student) while learning through practical crop production. College of Veterinary Sciences Established in 1960 as the College of Veterinary Medicine. nutrient deficiency. A well-equipped Plant Clinic was also established in the College of Agriculture to expose students to various plant and soil disorders and practice diagnosis and control of major plant diseases. tissue culture laboratory. degree programme. In 1996. atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Livestock Products Technology. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Pathology and Hygiene. Medicine. getting each 1. Auto Nitrogen Analyzer. Animal Nutrition. and Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension were added besides 2 independent units of Veterinary Clinic (veterinary teaching hospital) and Centre of Animal Biotechnology to comprehend the disciplines of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry under one umbrella for integrated education. video production laboratory. Parasitology.H. oilseeds pathology laboratory. laboratories. and physiological disorders and soil problems. Surgery and Radiology and an independent unit of Veterinary Clinic. insect pests. Entomology Horticulture. The College has been the recipient of three Centres of Advanced Studies. Experienced specialists from the departments of Agronomy. Through this programme students are exposed to actual farming situations and application of technology where they experience constraints in management and application of these technologies. The students do all the operations themselves and are not permitted to employ any labourer. UV spectrophotometer. it had four departments viz. Later a department of Public Health was added in 1994.000/ha/year (about Rs. a conference hall and a mini-auditorium. and A. 2. the College developed some specialized laboratories to undertake research projects.V. Physiology.000–16. HPLC. Veterinary Biochemistry. Livestock Production and Management. biocontrol laboratory. The physical facilities of the College comprise of classrooms. A good team is able to earn about Rs 15.fineprint. In recent years.
Production Engineering and Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. Electrical Engineering. Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering. programmes are being offered. microprocessor-based high speed refrigerated centrifuge.In addition to the undergraduate degree programme. The curriculum includes 22. Production Engineering. • A comprehensive practical training imparted to the students in poultry keeping and forage production involving them in all aspects of production. The Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering and the Department of Computer Engineering each have …. The activities of the college have considerably grown over the period. ELISA plate reader.83% therapeutic subjects. 24. Electronics and Communication Engineering. laboratory PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. A fully-equipped mini-auditorium is available for organizing seminars and symposia. was established in 1962 as the College of Agricultural Engineering with undergraduate programme in Agricultural Engineering. in 1962. Whereas.D. 10 Masters and 8 Ph. degree programmes in Civil Engineering. Computer Engineering. 18. The laboratories have been equipped with sophisticated system. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has been approached to establish the centres of coordinated and network research projects at this college in the area of animal health and production. An animal instructional farm comprising of the units of goat. The departments of Mechanical Engineering..23% production. Electrical Engineering. the College offers Masters and the Ph. Each department has undergraduate and post-graduate laboratories with one or two laboratory assistants in each. The departments of Civil Engineering. rabbit and pig is being established. The membership of Equestrian Federation of India for a riding club has been accorded. There have always been attempts to provide excellent education to the undergraduate and the post-graduate students. HP liquid chromatography. The College has now 10 departments viz.10% technology.fineprint. horse. care. The notable features are : • A well-established Veterinary Clinic with sophisticated equipment including that of the Department of Surgery and Radiology and facilities for diagnosis of disease. Farm Machinery and Power Engineering. The college is richly endowed with laboratories. close circuit TV. marketing of products and sharing of the profits making it a successful programme of Earning while Learning.56% preventive. etc.12% public health and 27. A building has also been constructed for the 7 newly created departments. currently 7 Bachelors. Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. There is one laboratory animal section in the College. it was renamed as the College of Technology and B. The College has established the Blue Cross Society of Pantnagar to promote the cause of animal welfare and to educate and motivate the people about prevention of cruelty to animals. degree programme in all the departments.. Civil Engineering. In 1966. sheep. Generally 75% of the total students registered in the post-graduate programme get financial assistance from one or the other sources. The College has two main buildings. and Farm Machinery and Power Engineering are housed in the old college building. Lecture halls in the College have been equipped with necessary teaching aids. Electronics and Communication Engineering and Computer Engineering are housed in the new building besides the central facilities of the College. Previously established 10 departments of the college have their own buildings but alterations/additions are required in them.D. viz. Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering were added.com . Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. 4. 3.Tech.16% basic. Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering. National Service Scheme makes students familiar with the rural conditions and helps them • recognize problems of the livestock owners and find ways to solve them. only bachelors programme in Agricultural Engineering was offered. The Central Directorate of NCC has agreed to start a section of Remount and Veterinary Corps at this College. Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. College of Technology The College of Technology. Mechanical Engineering.
students in the University. photosynthetic studies. It has a basic facility for instrument repairs.Tech. Biochemistry. Department of Production Engineering and the Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering have 8 laboratories each. A four-year B. and 12 Master’s programmes relevant to the need of human resource developed in the fields of agriculture and technology. Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering. Biological Sciences.Sc. Microbiology. The College provides computer assistance in data analysis and modelling. College of Home Science Established in 1971. These are Departments of Biochemistry. Mathematics. Social Sciences and Humanities. the College of Home Science comprises five departments: Clothing and Textiles. Home Science degree programme was started in 1971 both for science and arts stream for which students after passing class X were admitted. Another revision in the degree programme was made recently (1998) by incorporating emerging concepts and technologies and again making it a four year programme. biophysical characterization by fluorescence spectroscopy. College of Basic Sciences and Humanities The School of Basic Sciences and Humanities was established in the University in 1963 which was upgraded to the status of a college in 1971. radiotracer work. Home Science degree programme was formulated after revising the courses. polyhouse and green house facilities provide limited-scale micropropagation and plant regeneration from transformed tissue and cell culture. Plant Physiology. At the undergraduate level the College is sharing a load of up to 16–31% in different undergraduate programmes in the University. and Home Science Extension. and massbaur. genetic transformation. Mathematics.com . Family Resource Management. photoacoustic spectroscopy. The College runs strong programmes in basic disciplines of Physics. Microbiology and Plant Physiology and applied and interdisciplinary modern programmes in Biotechnology and Computer Sciences. The College has a basic infrastructure for isolation and purification of micro and macro molecules.D. The Department of Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering and the Department of Electrical Engineering have 11 each besides the Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering which has 3 and the Department of Mechanical Engineering has 5 laboratories. their spectral and molecular characterization. Statistics and Computer Science. Department of Civil Engineering. The concept of central facility is in vogue right from the inception and permits uninhibited access to these facilities to all the workers. In 1986 a three-year B. isolation and characterization of microbes and plants. The environment impact analysis lab facilities have won recognition from the Ministry of Environment and Forests. Physics. environmental sciences and botany (biodiversity) and an M. Foods and Nutrition. The College has the following responsibilities: • To teach basic courses both at undergraduate and post-graduate levels to the students of different faculties and specializations. the College has now 8 Ph. phytohormone assays. Human Development and Family Studies. The special features of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.D. Starting with 2 Master’s programmes in 1963. gene sequencing. The College has 10 departments. programme in Cold Region Science and Engineering in association with Defence Research and Development Organization are offered with the specific needs of the region.fineprint. immunotechnologies. The programmes in agrochemicals (emphasis on biopesticides). Environmental Sciences. At the post-graduate level it offers basic supporting courses and minor courses to a large number of Master’s and Ph. • To provide lead in ushering state-of-art techniques and technologies which have direct relevance to agriculture and engineering sciences. Tissue culture unit replete with growth chamber. gene isolation. Chemistry. • To carry research in frontier areas of those facets of science which can enhance productivity and efficiency. Chemistry.whereas the Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering.Sc.
com .The College also caters to the need of research and extension in the inland fisheries sector in the states of north India. A practical fish production programme split over two semesters provides the students an opportunity to apply the principles of production dynamics of aquatic ecosystem into fish culture technology and make them fully competent to carry out fish production independently. fishery engineering. Entrants to this programme were allowed from both science and Home Science background.) was started in 1985–86 with the establishment of the College of Fishery Sciences.fineprint. when three more departments viz. fish processing technology and fisheries extension along with intensive practical training in fish production. The College was running with only two departments viz. fin-fish and shell-fish production. The Post-Graduate programmes have an inter-disciplinary approach of education with a unique advisory committee system to guide students to take courses related to their area of interest. The Department of Family Resource Management has Interior Decoration Laboratory. The high-level education imparted to the students makes them highly efficient to carry professional work in culture. Clothing and Textiles. executes UG and PG degree programmes in fishery sciences to develop professionally trained manpower for the development and management of aquaculture and fisheries sectors . basic supporting courses and courses of related minor disciplines. were added to fulfil the needs of the professional courses and for the success of the aquaculture programme. The undergraduate programme includes field practicals based on rural family and household situations and the courses have a built-in rural bias.F. Household Equipment Laboratory and Household Production Laboratory. established in the year 1985. The main building of the College has 4 lecture halls. The Department of Foods and Nutrition has Catering Laboratory. fishery hydrography.F.) in Aquaculture and Fishery Biology in 1994–95. Laundry Laboratory. limnology. The College also offers Master’s level courses in four disciplines namely Foods and Nutrition. Textile Testing Laboratory and Weaving Laboratory. The Department of Human Development and Family Studies has a Nursery School for children for 2½–3 years in age and a Community Nursery School located in a rural area. fish nutrition.. seed production and marine and brackishwater fisheries. etc.Sc. College of Fishery Science The College of Fishery Sciences. Six students of the college have been awarded the coveted and prestigious Chancellor’s Gold Medal. The College initiated Master’s programme (M. The Home Science Extension Department has a well–developed Audio-Visual Aids Laboratory..Sc.the curriculum are the incorporation of vocational electives in the four basic areas of Home Science and rural work experience and training in the final year of the programme. has been completely overhauled and revised. indent programme which was prepared in 1984. The College has a good basic infrastructure including an instructional farm. The new programme gives emphasis to professional courses pertaining to fish processing technology. As many as 65 graduates have won the ICAR Junior Fellowship in the All-India competition. to produce highly competent fishery graduates to meet the requirements of fish and the fishery sector . 12 laboratories including 1 computer lab. Textile Laboratory. Fishery Hydrography. The B. aquaculture engineering. The professional courses include those in aquaculture. Family Resource Management and Human Development and Family Studies. fish biodiversity and conservation. Aquaculture and Fishery Biology till 1997. seed and post-harvest industries in the private sector. Fish Processing Technology and Fisheries Extension Education and Social Sciences. feed. fishery biology. The course programme of Post-graduate students consists of core courses.F. In the compulsory field training in brackishwater and marine fish and fish processing in the eighth semester of the degree programme the students are given practical training in the lead research institutes and fishery colleges in the coastal states.Sc. The Department of Clothing and Textiles has Clothing Laboratory. A four-year degree programme (B. 1 PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Nutrition Laboratory and Product Development Laboratory. The departments of the College have well-equipped laboratories.. fish breeding and genetics.
committee room. The College has specific laboratories catering to the important disciplines of fish nutrition. The campus is located between 300 15' N and 780 30' E and represents mid and high hill situations. programmes PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. soil and water analysis. rearing and stock ponds. Forestry programme to generate trained professionals in forestry and environmental protection. Other facilities include duck-cum-fish culture pond. Activities of other academic units have also started.D. College of Agribusiness Management The College of Agribusiness Management (CABM) was established in 1996 to enhance the managerial competence in Agribusiness sector of the country.fineprint. Social Science. 1998. extension and educational needs of the region. named MDP Hall.0 ha area in the form of nursery. The college has presently an air-conditioned committee room. Seed Science and Technology. transport.Sc. paddy-cum-fish culture pond and students’ fish production pond. Presently 8 departments have been established to cater to the needs of education. staff rooms. communication aids. fish processing technology and fishery extension. Basic Science. library. an Information Technology Management Laboratory and rooms for the members of the Faculty and the office staff. Forestry. with sufficient fish stock.com . The College initiated a four-year B. post-graduate programmes in three disciplines viz. 1 aquarium room. Vegetable Science. fish reproductive biology. Vegetable Science. A fish seed hatchery spread in 8 ha area with a capacity of producing 4 crore fish seed per year has been added to the infrastructure of the college in 2001. College of Post-Graduate Studies The College of Post-Graduate Studies started functioning in the year 1963 with Master’s Programmes in 12 departments of Agriculture and Basic Sciences. The Campus was formally inaugurated in 1976 by the then Chief Minister Shri N. Watershed Management and Hill Agriculture. The altitude of the campus varies from 1600 to 2200 m above msl. 1 information centre and other accessory rooms. There is a Mangur rearing unit having cemented tanks with temperature and photoperiod control systems. space for different centres. It is situated near Ranichauri village in Tehri Garhwal district about 70 Km away from Rishikesh. laboratory rooms. Subsequently.D. The Ph. etc. one classroom. These are: Departments of Horticulture. 4 rearing/brood ponds and 6 stock ponds and some small pools for conducting short-term experiments. with the implementation of NARP Phase I during 1983–88 research and infrastructure capabilities were strengthened and expanded to newer areas. College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture The Hill Campus of the University was established in 1973 to cater to agricultural research. The College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture was established at the campus during 1986. disease diagnostic and health management. Horticulture. Subsequently. integrated fish farming. and Seed Science and Technology have been started from 1992. Tiwari. The following academic units have been created in the college : Departments : Agricultural Finance Management Agricultural Marketing Management Agricultural Production Management Centres : Counselling and Placement Management Development Programme Business Management Clinic Information Technology Management The College became functional with the launching of MBA (Agribusiness) programme in July. There are 21 nursery ponds.. It is the youngest faculty of the University and the first of its kind in the entire SAU/ICAR system of India. The College needs strengthening with infrastructure facilities like classrooms. Two tubewells are installed at the farm site for regular supply of water. For about 10 years the campus functioned with rudimentary staff and infrastructure facilities. The College also has an Instructional Fish Farm covering about 7.
College Departments Undergraduate Master’s Ph. The ratio between the course work and thesis research is 2:1 with a minimum of 45 credit hours at Master’s degree level and 1:1 with a minimum of 60 credit hours at the Ph. optional and minor packages. Six Master’s and 14 Ph. 6. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. In the sixties 30 Master’s and 10 Ph. The courses are divided into core. Agriculture. Home Science. The faculty of post-graduate studies consists of those departments of other faculties which offer post-graduate courses. 4. viz. Post-Graduate Studies and Agribusiness Management. programmes Programmes Programmes 12 17 10 05 05 08 10 03 – 70 1 1 7 1 1 1 – – – 12 17 19 12 04 02 03 12 01 70* 70 16 16 9 01 01 – 8 – 51* 51 1. Admission through All-India competitive examination. 3. Veterinary Sciences. Fishery Sciences. Accordingly. 9. Technology. 7. degree in 51 subjects.D. The first agricultural university to start ‘Earn While You Learn’ programme through practical courses. Technology. the College is spread over in the departments of Colleges of Agriculture.. Emphasis on rural work experience.D. Agriculture Veterinary Sciences Technology Home Science Fishery Forestry and Hill Agriculture Basic Sciences and Humanities Agri-Business Management Post-graduate Studies Total *Post-graduate programmes of all the colleges constitute the programmes of the College of PostGraduate Studies. programmes were offered. Home Science. programmes in the nineties.D. programmes in the eighties and 27 Master’s and 24 Ph. Entire UG and PG syllabus upgraded to give latest information in different subjects.commenced in 1965.D. through the Deans of different faculties and the Heads of the Departments of the colleges. Forestry and Hill Agriculture. Now the College offers Master’s degree in 70 and Ph.fineprint. Basic Sciences and Humanities. College of Post-Graduate Studies.D. The deficiency of a student is removed by offering him remedial courses. Admissions available in 12 undergraduate and 121 post-graduate programmes managed by 72 departments. The University follows a multi-disciplinary approach and students are allowed to choose courses considering their relevance and interest. every student has to study a package of courses and do research work and write a thesis. The Colleges of the University offer 12 undergraduate and 121 post-graduate programmes through their 70 departments under various disciplines which are as follows: S. 5. Veterinary Sciences. Hill Agriculture and Forestry. basic supporting.D. Agri-Business Management and Basic Sciences and Humanities. 2. degree level.D. degree programmes. All Master’s and Ph.D.com . 8 Master’s and 4 Ph.No. 8. • • • • • • • Academic Highlights Fully residential university with 9 constituent colleges. For a post-graduate degree. degree programmes offered by the University are coordinated by the Dean. Academic session completely regularized with 200 teaching days.D. The College has grown both in size and stature over the last 36 years. programmes were added in the seventies. Fisheries. This is an important college of the University having students for Master’s and Ph. Nearly all post-graduate students avail one or the other form of financial assistance.
Horticulture Ph. Liberal education as an integral part of professional degree programmes.D.D.D.500 periodicals.D.• • • • • Admission open for NRI and NRI-sponsored students. Ph.D. Poultry Husbandry Rural Banking and Agriculture Economics Ph. Genetics and Plant Breeding Ph.D. e-mail and internet connectivity. CD-ROM.D.D. 15% seats reserved for rural girls to strengthen women development programmes.D. On-campus interviews for placement of students.D. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Food Technology Ph. Various post-graduate programmes offered by different colleges of the University.B. Plant Pathology Ph.D. Agriculture Ph. College Programme Master’s/Ph. Vegetable Science Ph. Soil Science Ph. Agricultural Economics Agronomy Agrometeorology Animal Breeding Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s Ph.D.A. Entomology Ph.D. Well-equipped library having over 3 lakh books and 1.fineprint.com . Animal Nutrition Ph. Dairy Husbandry Development Communication Ph.D. Agribusiness Hill Agriculture M. (Agribusiness) Horticulture Seed Science and Technology Vegetable Science Agricultural Chemicals Agriculture Statistics Basic Science Ph.D.
Botany Computer Science Environmental Science Ph.D. Mathematics Ph.D. Microbiology Ph.D. Physics Ph.D. Plant Physiology Ph.D. Biochemistry Ph.D. Home Science Child Development Clothing and Textiles Family Resource Management Food and Nutrition Human Nutrition
Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s and
Ph.D. Fisheries Science Technology
Aquaculture Master’s Fishery Biology Master’s Electrical Energy System Master’s Electrical Engineering Ph.D. Electronics and Communication Master’s Farm Machinery and Power Engineering Master’s and Food Biotechnology Engineering Master’s Hydraulics Engineering
Master’s and (contd. on next page)
Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Ph.D. Process and Food Engineering Ph.D.
Master’s and Master’s and
Design and Production Engineering Master’s Production Engineering Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Ph.D. Soil Mechanics and Farm Engineering Master’s Soil and Water Conservation Engineering Master’s and Ph.D. Structural Engineering Ph.D. Veterinary Science Ph.D. Ph.D. Thermal Science Anatomy Genetics and Animal Breed. Master’s Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and
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Animal Nutrition Ph.D. Biochemistry Ph.D. Medicine Ph.D. Animal Husbandry Extension Public Health Ph.D.
Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s Master’s and
Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Master’s Gynaecology and Obstetrics Master’s and Ph.D. Microbiology Ph.D. Parasitology Ph.D. Pathology Ph.D. Pharmacology and Toxicology Ph.D. Physiology Ph.D. Surgery and Radiology Ph.D. Livestock Production and Management Livestock Products Technology Poultry Science Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Cold Region Science and Engineering (In collaboration with SASE/DRDO) Seed Science and Technology Master’s Master’s Master’s Master’s and Master’s Ph.D. Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and Master’s and
Multidisciplinary Ph.D. Programmes
Years in which different Master’s and Ph.D. degree programmes were started in the University Year Master’s Programme
1963 Agricultural Economics, Agronomy, Animal Breeding, Animal Nutrition, Biochemistry, Dairy Husbandry, Development Communication, Horticulture, Microbiology, Plant Pathology, Poultry Husbandry, Soil Science. 1964 Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary Pharmacology, Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary Surgery and Radiology. 1965 1965Veterinary Anatomy, Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Pathology. 1966 Genetics and Plant Breeding 1968 Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Process and Food Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering 1969 Structural Engineering
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1970 1974 1975 1976 1983 1984 1986 1987 1988 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1998
1999 2000 Year 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1972 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1983 1984 1985 1993 1994 1995
Entomology, Hydraulic Engineering Mathematics, Physics Plant Physiology Food Technology Design and Production Engineering, Rural Banking and Agricultural economics Clothing and Textile, Foods and Nutrition Agricultural Chemicals, Agricultural Statistics, Thermal Science Environmental Sciences Electrical Energy Systems Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (a multidisciplinary programme) Horticulture, Seed Science and Technology, Vegetable Science (at Hill Campus, Ranichauri) Child Development, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Family Resource Management, Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Agriculture Botany Agrometeorology, Cold Region Science and Engineering (a multidisciplinary programme), Computer Science, Vegetable Science Fish Biology, Food Biotechnology Engineering Agribusiness Management, Veterinary Animal Breeding, Veterinary Animal Nutrition, Veterinary Biochemistry, Veterinary Animal Husbandry Extension, Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Livestock Production and Management, Livestock Products Technology and Poultry Science Agroforestry, Floriculture-landscaping Animal Biotechnology, Veterinary Economics Ph.D. Programme Animal Breeding Genetics and Plant Breeding, Plant Pathology Soil Science, Veterinary Physiology Agronomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology Veterinary Anatomy Agricultural Economics Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, Veterinary Pathology Horticulture, Veterinary Parasitology Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Process and Food Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering Animal Nutrition, Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Pharmacology, Veterinary Surgery and Radiology Entomology, Farm Machinery and Power Engineering Electrical Engineering Food Technology, Plant Physiology Physics Mechanical Engineering Development Communication Hydraulic Engineering, Mathematics, Structural Engineering Agricultural Chemicals, Environmental Sciences, Human Nutrition, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (a multidisciplinary programme), Vegetable Science, Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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Seed Science and Technology (a multidisciplinary programme) Veterinary Animal Breeding, Veterinary Animal Nutrition, Veterinary Biochemistry 1999 Floriculture-Landscaping, Fisheries Resource Management 2000 Agrometeorology, Poultry Husbandry, Dairy Husbandry, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Poultry Science, Livestock Production and Management
Salient Research Achievements
The University is actively engaged in research covering all the disciplines of agriculture and allied subjects. The research priorities of the university during the last 40 years are given below: • Development of new varieties of crops, vegetables, fruits, spices, fodder, etc., resistant to different diseases coupled with high yield through conventional breeding and biotechnological methods. • Development of cropping systems so as to sustain the natural resources such as water, temperature, soil health and ecological balance. • Integrated plant nutrient management with particular reference to micronutrient management and organic recycling. • Judicious water management to counter the fast depleting groundwater resources. • Integrated pest (insects, diseases and weeds) management with emphasis on biological control to maintain ecological balance. • Evolving varieties of crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, etc. to suit export requirements. • Development of machines and tools for all categories of farmers. • Improvement of farm animals through advanced breeding techniques for milk, meat and drought purposes. • Improvement in milk production and productivity through adequate and balanced feeding, proper management and health care. • Exploiting aquatic productivity through the latest scientific techniques. • Appropriate post-harvest technologies to save farm produce from losses and to process them for better market acceptability/value addition. • Socio-economic studies to help facilitate technology generation, transfer and adoption. • Development of farm machines for substitution of labour-intensive operation. The off-campus research centres have priorities specific to their local conditions. For instance, Hill Campus, Ranichauri, emphasizes on the development of varieties and technologies for off-season vegetables, temperate fruits, herbs and ornamental plants and diversification of agriculture with special emphasis on Angora rabbit, poultry, dairy, sericulture, mushroom production and watershed management; and Western Campus, Modipuram, has a mandate on the improvement of Murrah buffalo in addition to the development of sugarcane-based cropping system. The most distinguished Breeder Seed Production Unit operating on the concept of single window system to ensure production, processing, storage and marketing from a single point has been operative in the University since last 15 years. The unit is fully mechanized and equipped with modern seed processing plant and equipment. The breeder seed produced at this centre is in great demand by the seed production agencies in the public and the private sectors all over the country. At present 37 All-India Coordinated Research Projects financed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, 232 competitive (Ad-hoc) Research Projects financed by the ICAR, UP Council of Agriculture Research, Diversified Agricultural Support Project and other
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organizations including university-funded projects are in progress. Thus, a total of 269 research projects covering various disciplines are being implemented. Salient achievements in various fields are summarized below.
The University is engaged in the breeding and development of high-yielding, diseaseresistant superior varieties of crop plants since 1960. Till now, over 150 varieties have been released, of which 55 varieties in 23 crops were released in the last decade. Pantnagar falls under the sub-tropical humid hot conditions of the Tarai belt of Uttar Pradesh, now Uttaranchal and has also been recognized as a hot spot of major diseases and insect pests of crop plants. This has facilitated a large-scale screening of germplasm and segregation generation in different crop plants under field conditions. Thus, most of the varieties of Pant Varsity combine high-yield potential together with resistance to major diseases and insect pests, leading to their wider adaptability and acceptance by the farmers. Crop varieties released by Pant Varsity during the last 40 years are listed in the following table.
Crop Wheat Rice Maize Pulses Soybean Oilseeds Forage crops Sugarcane Small millets Cotton Vegetables Spices Fruits Sugarbeet Poplar Flower
No. of Varieties released 16 11 11 20 14 6 14 3 9 3 22 8 12 1 1 1
Wheat : Pantnagar has been in the forefront of a wheat revolution by developing 16 highyielding and disease-resistant varieties and making their quality seed available to a large number of farmers throughout the country. Kalyansona (Sona-227) and Sonalika (RR-21) played important roles in the initial phase of the green revolution. UP 301 and UP 215 were grown not only by farmers of UP but also of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. UP 2003 and UP 262 became predominant varieties and contributed greatly in enhancing the productivity of wheat in Uttar Pradesh. UP 262 is known for its excellent grain and chapatimaking qualities and has crossed the national boundaries and is cultivated in Nepal, Bangladesh and Thailand also. A medium duration wheat variety UP 1109 has a high degree of rust resistance along with a high yield. Another promising variety from Pantnagar, UP 2338, with a yield potential of 70 q/ha has multiple disease resistance and has replaced HD 2329 and HD 2285 varieties in the northwestern plains zone. In a short span of time, the variety has become very popular with the farmers of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. UP 2425 has been released as the most suitable bold-seeded variety for late planting in the north-western plains zone. A high-yielding variety, UP 2382, has also been released for timely-sown conditions and is resistant to new yellow rust (Yr–9).
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Protina. Pant Sankar Dhan 1. Tarun. including irrigated conditions. thereby increasing the total income of the farmers. Oilseeds : Kranti and Krishna varieties of mustard and PT 303.. Orissa. PK 1092 and PK 1029. Due to its early duration of 115 days the hybrid is most suitable in the rice–wheat cropping system predominant in the entire Indo-Gangetic plains. Krishna. In Karan mustard a prominent variety. matures in 75 days and has an yield potential of 40 q/ha. Maize : Pantnagar has developed a nutritionally superior variety of maize. Pant Dhan 12) and hills (Pant Dhan 6 and Pant Dhan 11) brought a significant change in improving the crop productivity and also the cropping pattern of north western Uttar Pradesh. Govind. Kiran.Rice : Release of high-yielding. released by the Central Variety Release Committee. BLSB and stalk rot. is being cultivated in large areas in western India and is also being used as a donor parent in hybridization. Kranti and PT 303. Shweta. PK 1024. CM 400. This university was the first to recognize the value of wild soybean (Glycine forosana) as a source of resistance to yellow mosaic virus and to the Bihar hairy caterpillar (preferential mechanism). suitable for an irrigated transplanted situation in the plains (Pant Dhan 10. PT 30 and PT 507 varieties of toria developed at Pantnagar are outstanding among a total of 6 varieties released. This centre is also pioneering in the work on developing-waterlogging tolerant maize cultivars for value-added maize products like Baby Corn and is also responsible for the production of breeder seed of inbreds CM 300.com . the composite Surya. D 765 and Surya have been developed with earliness in the range of 75–85 days. disease-resistant varieties of early to mid-early duration. Release of the first public sector bred hybrid rice variety. Navin. CM 600 and early composites Tarun. PK 1042. PT 507 is the only national variety released for unirrigated conditions of the country and is popular in UP. Release of short-duration variety. In the hybrid breeding programme. the first national varieties of mustard and toria. Kanchan. It has resistance to BSDM. a bold-seeded and aphid-tolerant variety. D 765 and Surya.fineprint. Shweta. has been released which has not only high yield potential even under low input management situations but also tolerance to Alternaria and aphids and resistance to white rust disease. Kanchan. Pulses : This university has played a very significant role by developing 20 varieties of different pulse crops possessing high-yielding potential coupled with high degree of resistance to various diseases. PK 416. The number of Pantnagar soybean varieties especially those released in the recent year viz. are adopted throughout the country and are being used as national checks in All-India Coordinated Trials and State Varietal Trials of respective crops. The total number of released varieties of maize is 11. etc. West Bengal. with multiple resistance against diseases and pests by the CVRC in 1989 ensured multiple cropping and a greater yield stability in the region. A series of composites. PK 564. By now 11 rice varieties have been released and six are in the pipeline. The recently released two composites Amar and Gaurav have better disease resistance and higher yield. Bihar. Pantnagar has developed one of the first early-maturing single cross hybrid named Asha which matures in 85 days and has an yield potential of 50 q/ha. Soybean : Pantnagar is a leading main centre of AICRP on soybean and stands first among all the centres/SAUs by breeding and releasing the highest number of 14 varieties. Navin. namely. It has also developed one full-season white-grained hybrid Ganga 4. have resistance to bacterial pustules and to yellow mosaic virus which was a major threat to cultivation of soybean in the early seventies in the northern plains. having an opaque–2 gene. successfully overcame the problem of yield barrier in rice. respectively. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.
Sugarcane : Three varieties have been released and some more lines are in the pipeline. The two Pantnagar oat varieties are multicut in which UPO 212 has a dual. has high sugar content. anthracnose. Pantnagar sugarcane Co Pant 84211. UPU 9-40-4 developed by this university was released as Manikya in Karnataka and is very popular in that State. are resistant to yellow mosaic disease and yield 10–15% higher than Type 9.com . Pant U-35. It matures in 10–11 months in December and records high sugar recovery of 9. is widely cultivated in UP both in kharif and zaid and yields 12–15 q/ha. Being non-lodging it is suitable for low -lying areas. Blackgram varieties. The most recent cowpea variety UPC 8705 is of dual purpose and is resistant to seed shattering.The pigeonpea cultivar. Pant L 639 and Pant L 4 are resistant to wilt and rust. Forage : The University has released a total of 14 varieties in forage crops including 6 in cowpea. It is the only variety released for the southern zone of the country because of its resistance to stalk rot. Out of four varieties of mungbean Pant Moong 22 is widely cultivated in northern India both in kharif and zaid seasons.purpose producing 550 q/ha green fodder and 15 q/ha grain for animal feed. 5 in sorghum. UPAS 120. Pant Chari 3 and Pant Chari 4 are much better than other varieties of the country yielding 450 q/ha green fodder with 7–8% and 60–70% digestibility along with resistance to shoot borer. Horticulture • Following varieties of different fruits have been developed by the University. A mid-season maturing variety Co Pant 84212 with high cane yield (800–850 q/ha). Pant L 406. high yield (750 q/ha) and red rot disease resistance. Haryana and Bihar as it gives high yield up to 3 ratoon crops. It records a sugar recovery of above 9% in October which increases in the following months to a maximum of 12. 2 in oats and 1 in berseem. besides giving 400 q/ha green fodder and 8–9 q/ha seed yield. anthracnose and leaf blight. All Pantnagar cowpea varieties are outstanding in respect to their green fodder yield (400 q/ha) and are resistant to stem and root rot. Pant U 19 and Pant U 30. Pant G 114 is suitable for late-sown conditions yielding 20–25 q/ha. Out of the 5 sorghum varieties. The latest released high-yielding variety Co Pant 90223 has a high sugar content and is resistant to red rot.5 to 13 percent. Pant Moong 4 has been released for north-eastern plains zones. Among rabi pulses. an early-maturing variety.fineprint. It is also suitable for growing even under lowlying conditions. The latest variety. The berseem variety UPB 10 is resistant to stalk rot and produces high green fodder (750 q/ha) due to fast regeneration of multiple branches even after several cuttings (5–6). Pant L 4 is also resistant to blight disease. Lemon :Pant Lemon 1 Papaya :Pant Papaya 1 and Pant Papaya 2 PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. is also very promising. Pant L 406 is suitable for the late-sown condition. Pant G 186 released in 1996 for UP is an improvement of Pant G 114. 5 varieties of chickpea have been released. seedling blight and pod borer. high sugar content and resistance to diseases has been adopted by the farmers in Punjab. It has an yield potential of 15 q/ha with uniform maturity of pods in 60–65 days along with resistance to yellow mosaic and Cercospora leaf spot diseases. Lentil varieties Pant L 234. The UPO 94 oat is specially suitable for grazing as it has a quick regeneration capacity thereby yielding 450 q/ha green fodder.5% in March. The powdery mildew resistant variety Pant Pea 5 is very popular in UP. Pant Chari 5. is suitable for pigeonpea–wheat rotation and is highly popular in the north-west-plains of India.
pear and citrus were identified which gave tremendous boost to fruit production. Vegetables • A good number of varieties have been developed by the University in various vegetable crops.com . citrus. was developed. soon after crop harvest. Pant Matar 2. Propagation and cultural practices of commercial ornamentals and medicinal and aromatic • crop plants have also been standardized. • Micropropagation technique for guava. Pant Brinjal 4 Vegetable pea : Pant Uphar. • Paclobutrazol induces branching in pears. fetching about Rs 30. Pant Sankar Lauki2 Cucumber : Pant Sankar Khira 1. Pant Brinjal Hybrid 1.fineprint. pear. Pant Gobhi 3.Pant Aparna. strawberry Daeffenbachia. Pruning. Pant Matar 3. Cauliflower : Pant Shubra. Pant Rituraj. • The technology to shift the rainy season crops to the winter season in guava by shoot pruning to one pair of leaves or by 800 ppm NAA spray twice in the first fortnight of May produced 180 q/ha quality fruits as compared to poor quality fruits in the rainy season without pruning.000 additional income per ha to growers. Syngonium. Pant Sujata ManoharandPant Suvarna PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.. Pant Khira 1 Ridgegourd : Pant Torai 1 Bitter gourd : Pant Karela 1 Kakri : Pant Kakri 1 Ajwain : Pant Ruchika Garlic : Pant Lohit Fenugreek : Pant Ragani Black cumin : Pant Krishna Bael : Pant Shivani. • Control of fruit cracking in litchi by spraying water in May–June and fruit cracking in lemon by 8% potassium sulphate spray in April–June have been recommended. plum. followed by paclobutrazol application controlled alternate bearing and malformation. enhanced productivity (360–540 q/ha) and improved fruit quality. Commercial yield of 100 q/ha in Dashehari and Amrapali were obtained in the fifth year of planting. jackfruit.• High-density planting of Dashehari yielded 300–350 q/ha/yr as compared to 100 q/ha/yr in normal density in the 15–20th year. • The year round propagation in mango by veneer grafting under greenhouse conditions was standardized. growth control. Pant T 3 Chilli : Pant C1 Frenchbean : Pant Anupama. veneer grafting and chip budding were developed. Pant Gobhi 4 Tomato : Pant Bahar. etc. New methods of aonla propagation viz. • The production technology of recommended varieties of fruits was standardized together with their propagation. Pant Sabji Matar 4 Coriander : Pant Haritima Bottlegourd : Pant Sankar Lauki 1. crop regulation and protection. Pant Bean 2 Brinjal : Pant Samrat. Pant Gobhi 2. cutting. • Pollinizers for mango. reduced excessive upright growth. As a result of pruning the winter crop was of high quality. Pant andPantUrvashi Guava : Pant Prabhat Pear : Pant Pear 17 Karonda: PantSudarshan.
conclusively established that by crop management through NPK fertilizers and FYM. − Soybean–wheat was a more remunerative system than soybean–lentil. − Multicut variety 855 F (Hara Sona of Sorghum) gave 29% more fodder yield. sorghum + cowpea–berseem + oat–maize + cowpea gave maximum forage yield. capsicum (planted in Sep–Oct) and tomato (planted in November) yielded 17 kg. Some of the important ones are : − Green manuring and FYM application has been found beneficial in rice–wheat farming system. Mustard + Lentil (1:5) intercropping combination produced higher seed yield equivalent to mustard alone. respectively in low-cost polyhouses and gave high profits due to off-season production. Horti–pastoral system and growing of grasses on terrace riser have been found beneficial for hills. Ratoon responded up to 150 kg nitrogen per ha. Soil Management • The long-term fertilizer experiments in Tarai soils. Metsulfuronmethyl at 4./ha gave high degree control of grasses./ha with 0. Production technology for large-scale manufacture of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. − Higher doses of nitrogen and phosphorus application in rice and wheat was found profitable which will serve as a safeguard to increase productivity to meet the future food demand. − Under rainfed situations. Increased nitrogen-use efficiency was recorded by spray of 2% urea on soybean. sedges and non-grasses in transplanted rice. − In standing crops. micronutrient deficiency and crop yield.) increased significantly due to sucker treatment with GA 3 (40 mg/liter). Cowpea (fodder)–toria–wheat sequence was most remunerative. − Wheat can be established on wet soil by surface seeding by Pant zero-till ferti-seed drill after the harvest of rice. − Oil yield of Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L.Fennel : Pant Madhurika Turmeric : Pant Peetabh • The protected cultivation of cucumber (sown in October)./ha in combination with anilophos at 200 g a.i. − Forage cropping sequence. Arkel was found to be highly susceptible to pea stem fly at a higher temperature in early sowing resulting in poor yield.com . − Metsulfuronmethyl at 2 g a. • Emphasis has been given on development of cost-effective production technologies of newly released varieties of different crops. • PMR 1 was recognized as most efficient rhizobial strain for various pulse crops under different agroclimatic conditions. − Application of sugarcane trash as mulch in ratoon crop registered nearly 30 q/ha improvement in the cane yield. Application of 20 kg sulphur per ha produced higher yield of chickpea over no application.i. distillery affluents can be used conjunctively with freshwater in 1:5 ratio as it has a beneficial effect on crop productivity. − Planting of pigeonpea on ridges produced higher yield than over flat bed planting. mid-maturity varieties like Pant Uphar from fourth week of October to mid-November and late-maturing varieties like New Line Perfection from mid-October to mid-November was recommended. • Sowing of early-maturing vegetable pea varieties like Arkel from the end of October to the middle of November.i. An increasing trend in seed yield of mustard was recorded with the addition of 40 kg sulphur per ha. Kiran produced higher seed yield over Brassica juncea. Brassica carinata var.0 g a.fineprint. the productivity in rice–wheat cropping system can be sustained and dependence on NPK fertilizers alone will lead to substantial decline in soil organic matter. 10 kg and 20 kg/m2 fruits.2% surfactant as tank mixture effectively controlled grassy as well as non-grassy weeds in wheat. soybean–mustard and soybean–gram sequence. Polyhouse also proved very useful for raising seedlings in winter to early summer of zaid vegetables.
Poplar-based cropping system is widely adopted in the area of responsibility of the University due to high economic returns. Planting of maize a fortnight before the onset of the monsoon has been found quite effective in avoiding the ill effects of waterlogging in maize. red rot. A conceptual model of soil nitrogen-dynamics for evaluating different nitrogen management strategies under diverse conditions for optimizing input-use efficiency and maximizing rice yield has been developed. The agroforestry research work has created a consciousness of trees among the farmers. banded blight and Erwinia stalk rot of maize. Four high-yielding strains of Agaricus bisporus were identified and recommended for commercial cultivation. training and support activities. blast. Moradabad and Rampur districts were made for assessment of soil resources and planning agricultural activities. teak. Apiculture for Landless Honeybee research opened new opportunities for diversification of agriculture.fineprint. Farmer awareness programmes for the adoption of Italian honeybees for higher honey yield and effective crop pollination. 80 were identified as tolerant to waterlogging. have been launched. In the plains of UP. fuel. Benefit/cost ratio for soil test-based fertilizer use ranged from 158 to 1289. botrytis gray mold of chickpea. multiple disease control in wheat. A Rhizobium strain for frenchbean has also been isolated. sissoo. A regular training programme on mushroom cultivation is being organized for a batch of 20–25 trainees each year. Detailed soil surveys and development of soil maps of Nainital. smut and wilt of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. purple blotch of onion seed crop. fodder and other products. climate and crop parameters for different groundwater-table situations was evolved for various crops. Chamrova and Bhimtal).com . sheath blight and sheath rot of rice. early and late blight of tomato. common scab and black scurf of potato. Mushroom Production–A Low-cost Agro-industry A mushroom research centre established by the University has made a great impact on popularizing cultivation of button mushrooms in the UP hills as well as in the plains through its extensive research. increased income and higher on-farm yield in cross pollinated crops. Badaun. downy mildews. A comprehensive irrigation schedule based on soil moisture. For the first time Pantnagar scientists were able to train wild honeybees to forage on specific agricultural and horticultural crops. About 45% saving in the fertilizer nutrients (over the general recommended doses) was demonstrated for various crops through soil testing in three adopted development blocks (Bhojipura. Improved technologies for commercial cultivation were developed and transferred to the growers.• • • • Rhizobium inoculants using locally available materials (FYM) and poultry manure has been developed. The researches at Pantnagar have also proved that salix in comparison to other forest species is more conducive and beneficial to grow in rice–wheat farming system specially in waterlogged areas. 30% soil samples were found sulphur deficient. Agroforestry A large amount of germplasm of more than 100 tree species such as poplar. Quality spawn and mushroom cultures are being supplied to small mushroom growers and industrial units. Albigia and acacia has been collected and maintained for their evaluation as food. Cost-effective management strategies were developed for scab and powdery mildew of apple. Crop Health Disease management A solution to Khaira disease of rice converted the entire Tarai area from non-rice producing to one of the most important rice-producing areas of the country. timber. Economic foraging ranges of Indian and Italian honeybees were worked for effective pollination and increased crop productivity. late blight. After careful screening of more than 350 maize germplasm.
Pioneering work has been done on the etiology of complex diseases like mango malformation. This information is going to have a great impact at the global level on breeding for blast resistance. apple scab. grisea in the Himalayan hills was demonstrated using molecular probes. metalaxyl. which are subsequently colonized by downy mildew caused by Pernospora parasitica.com . Meteorological factors favouring the development of diseases like karnal bunt of wheat. Different components of the work were recognized once by Professor M. Narasimhan Medal Award. • Biochromatographic technique for the detection of organotin fungicides was recognized by Pesticide India Award. Pantnagar has been a pioneer in the field of ecology of soil-borne plant pathogens and biological control and their integration with other management strategies. recommended as a standard technique in Pesticide Data book published by Royal Society of Chemistry. • Sodium hydroxide seed soak method for the detection of bunt of rice and karnal bunt of wheat in untreated as well as chemically treated seed sample. A. to be the two stages of the same disease and that malformation is controlled by pruning.sugarcane. Magnaporthe grisea. and seed rot of Albizia lebbek. Uptake. translocation. translocation. Multiple disease management strategies in rapeseed-mustard consisted of integrating the use of early-maturing Alternaria-tolerant variety (such as Divya mustard). Use of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Narasimhan Academic Merit Award. from vascular system of the plant. early sowing. Narasimhan Academic Merit Award and twice by pesticide India Award. In an extensive study of variability and linkages in rice blast fungus. The University has done pioneering work on the mechanism of systemicity of xenobiotics in plants. This work was recognized by Professor M.J. Ribonucleic acid containing an infectious agent was demonstrated for the first time to be associated with sterility mosaic of pigeonpea. and binding of carbendazim by plant’s chemical constituents in mango was investigated and correlated with its failure to eradicate Fusarium sp. white rust and downy mildew of crucifers and sterility mosaic of pigeonpea. inter-and intra-plant part distribution of metalaxyl in different plant species and pyroquilon in rice was demonstrated. Biocontrol of diseases. Possibility of sexual crossing over and origin of M. It is now approved as a standard technique by Central Seed Certification Agency of Government of India. were defined as they would be quite useful for forecasting the outbreak of these diseases.J. This work has been recognized through the Hexamar Award and the Professor M. This pioneer findings would have a lot of bearing on breeding for downy mildew resistance in rapeseedmustard. These strategies are offered to and are being used by farmers of Uttaranchal state and also of other states as part of the package and practices for various crops. In addition to above several important and useful techniques were developed : • Spikelet culture technique to produce karnal bunt under laboratory condition. Epidemiology. Mechanism of uptake. White rust caused by Albugo candida was demonstrated to be solely responsible for the stag head development in rapeseed and mustard. the concept of clonality of population was disapproved. • TLC technique for the quantitative estimation of systemic fungicide. U. downy mildew and white rust of crucifers. in the Himalayan hills. candida was demonstrated not only to increase susceptibility of plants but also to erode the resistance of downy mildew resistant cultivars towards P. Fungicidal residues. • Method for nuclear staining in fungi using DNA-intercalating fluorochrome.J. Work was recognized by Pesticide India Award. parasitica. and Alternaria leaf spot. appropriate N:K ratio and 1–2 spray of ipridione/mancozeb fungicide.K. • Dual culture method for in vitro screening of germplasm of chickpea against Ascochyta rabiei.fineprint. Bunchy top and floral malformation of mango were demonstrated for the first time.
The most successful example where biological control proved highly effective was in the control of sugarcane Pyrilla. To minimize the use of chemical insecticides. Now the farmers have stopped the use of chemical insecticides for their control. Narasimhan Academic Merit Award. mustard. soybean root rot. groundnut and mungbean for the control of seedling pests was also recommended. Herbal insecticide preparations from Acorus. Cedrela and Melia for polyhagous defoliator. Solarization also improved seedling health. etc. conserve and disseminate these parasitoids when required. Efficient and cost-effective management of wilt complex of chickpea and lentil was developed by integrated seed treatment with Trichoderma harzianum/ Gliocladium virens and carboxin. efficient plant growth promoting and siderophore producing strains of Pseudomonas fluorescence have been isolated and their synergistic interaction with VAM with respect to plant growth was demonstrated. Some new generation insecticides like BPMC for the control of white and brown plant hopper in paddy. low persistent. paddy. tobacco and Tropaeolum for pod borer in chickpea.4-D and 2. To minimize the use of insecticides. soybean. Two antagonists. eucalyptus and neem for stored grain insects. Beauvaria bassiana. Researches on economic thresholds and monitoring of insect pests paved the way for timely application of control measures in chickpea. and late planting of field pea reduced insect pest damage up to 40% both by escape and asynchrony between crop and insect pest peak populations. gladiolus corm rot. Viral NPV and bacterial Bt preparations. where more than 90% incidence of nematode parasites of leaf folder larvae and high incidence of egg parasitoids of stem borer. biodegradable insecticides of plant origin have been identified for sustainable control of crop pests. Trichoderma harzianum (TH) and Gliocladium virens (GV).organic amendments for the management of root knot of vegetables was considered a trendsetter in the management of soil-borne plant diseases. Effective control of seedling diseases of vegetables was achieved by soil solarization. biodegradable plant-based insecticides.com .J. Insect Pest Management – An Integrated Approach Safe and economic strategies. Ageratum. Punjab Barsati. Intercropping maize. Rauwolfia. with high biocontrol efficiency and wide host range. groundnut and litchi crops. Use of entomophagous fungus. efforts were made to suppress insect pest populations using biological control agents and effective. alone and in combination with neem and endosulfan were very effective against pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) in chickpea and other pulses.5-T for autocidal control of mango shoot gall have been advocated to the farmers. A few. extracts from neem. vegetable and fruit crops. Egg parasitoid complex consisting of Tetrasticus pyrillae and nymphal and adult parasitoid Epicrania melanolenea control Pyrilla menace.4. plant-based insecticides. Delonix. Simple seed/bulb treatment with any one of these antagonist controlled diseases like wilt of chickpea and lentil. sunflower. sugarcane. early planting of rapeseed-mustard and chickpea. consistent with the new integrated pest management approach. The African snails can be controlled effectively by the treatment with 5% metaldehyde. Spodopterer. Biological control work at Pantnagar was recognized by the professor M. were developed for major insect pests of cereals. provided natural control. RH 2485 for chickpea pod borer and 2. Mass multiplication techniques have been standardized for their commercial use. formulation and delivery were developed. seed treatment in wheat. and from Ageratum. which is also compatible with neem was highly effective against insect pest of paddy. pulses.fineprint. Conservation of natural biological control agents was important in rice. sorghum with green gram and black gram or chickpea with linseed or mustard. Brinjal varieties. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. neem. Pusa Purple Long and ARU–2C have been identified as resistant to brinjal borer. Farmers were advised to monitor. Cassia. Several eco-friendly. insect hormones namely Dimilin. Aglaia. Manhar and Indrasan varieties of paddy did show field resistance to white-backed plant hopper. Use of Plant Products. oilseeds. were isolated and technologies for their mass production.
soy-shrikhand and soy-yoghurt. instant porridge from byproduct of milling industry.587 g weight at 8 weeks of age. Using combined selection in white leghorn for several generations. This process reduces the requirements of concentrate in dairy cattle and buffaloes by about 1. Besides. keeping in mind the needs of small farmers under village/semiurban harsh conditions. it is being practiced by many organized farms and individual farmers. • To induce lactation in non-productive and barren bovines.fineprint. Weed plants. breed crosses are being developed using White Leghorn. Seven calves from a single elite cow have been produced during a period of one year. • A combination of groundnut cake and urea in the ratio of 2:1 in terms of total nitrogen was found to yield optimal microbial population as well as TVFA and total nitrogen. etc. and steeping preservation of mushroom. extruded snacks from germinated whey. Poultry production. Presently. Methods of ammonia (urea) treatment of baled crop residues have also been developed. • An effective test has been developed to differentiate the meat of different species. tobacco caterpillar and chickpea pod borer were worked out to facilitate multiplication of biological control agents. Feed quality improved. a strain with about 265 eggs in one cycle and averaging 56 g in egg weight has been developed which is well adapted to hot and humid conditions of the Tarai region. flavour development in acid coagulated mild slurry. Some of the important ones include : • Embryo Transfer Technology has been successfully applied for selective multiplication of elite animals. • Neurophysiology of a ruminant stomach was studied with a view to augment ruminoreticular movements for better digestibility and effects of various drugs on rumen mortality was found out. etc. mango bar. Veterinary Sciences The University has earned distinction in several areas of research in veterinary sciences. Food Science The department of Food Science has developed processes for osmoair drying of apricots and peaches.5 kg/head/day without any adverse effect on growth and on milk production. fishmeal. The profit analysis studies in crossbreds have shown that Holstein–Friesian and Red Dane crosses with Sahiwal are the most profitable crosses.726 kg milk yield/lactation with inter-calving period of 409 days for 1/2 Red Dane 1/2 Sahiwal and 3. The feed conversion efficiency in broilers has also improved considerably and is about 2. Nutritionally superior semi-synthetic diets for mass rearing of the Bihar hairy caterpillar. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.Several innovative researches have provided important clues to develop new pest management approaches.com . The other processes developed are acidophilus yoghurt. Australorp and Desi breed. An alternate host plant. a technique of 7 day hormonal treatment was standardized. Still better response to ammonia (urea) treatment have been obtained when the treated straw is fed with bypass protein supplement like cottonseed cake. Animal Production Development of crossbred cows.40 kg/kg live weight. Chenopodium melilotus and vicia served as trap crops for chickpea pod borer eggs. The ammonia (urea) treatment technique improves the nutritive value of crop residues supporting a daily growth rate of 250 g and medium level of milk production (5 kg/head/day) in cattle and buffaloes without any concentrate supplement being fed.349 kg and 421 days for 1/2 Friesian 1/2 Sahiwal. The outstanding contributions of Animal Science include development of crossbred cows averaging 2. Studies involving specialized sire and dam lines for the development of commercial broilers have resulted in the development of a broiler of 1. dehydro-canning of potato and mushrooms. In vitro fertilization of buffalo oocysts has been achieved. Elemingia serrata was identified to help off-season carry over of pest populations in pigeonpea.0 to 1.
new castle. • Enterotoxin and four novel cytotoxins of Salmonella purified and characterized. insights gained. canine parvovirus infection. including anaesthesia and resuscitation of dog following administration of anaesthesia/drugs. counter current immunoelectrophoresis (CIE). bone plate. • Garlic Extract cured dermatophytosis (ringworm) in man and animals and candidasis in poultry. • A live attenuated cell culture vaccine against sheep pox was developed using Karnal strain of sheep pox virus.fineprint. • Herbal preparations developed for growth and production of poultry. • New. • Acupuncture technique has been found effective for relieving pain. defatted soyflour. The test is sensitive enough to detect urea at a concentration of 0. Ocimum spp. and Eucaplyptus spp. various techniques like horn plate. pancreatic tissue extract and amnion extracts of fresh bovine placenta have been found beneficial in tissue repair. neem leaves and alcoholic extract of leaves of sitaphal. other grafting materials and fixation devices have been evolved. viz. • Toxicity studies on Agrochemicals made. • Scanning electron microscopical features of experimental canine parvoviral enteritis done. • Immunodiagnostic test like ELISA. the techniques of processing of food items and preparation of various recipes out of these have been evolved which include potato flour. fluorescent antibody test (FAT) have been standardized and carried out for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. The virus at its 20th passage level was used as a vaccine and the protection afforded was comparable to other available MD vaccines. • Indigenous plants (haldi. millets. mulberry leaves. • A Marek’s disease virus strain isolated locally from an apparently healthy bird was attenuated in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture.coli and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in colibacillosis in poultry.. infectious bursal disease. adalsa and shajnah) augmented wound healing and bone repair. • For the first time histoplasmosis reported in a heifer. • Effective technology has been developed for the repair of osteomyelitis and infectious arthritis. leaves and fruits.1% in milk in only one minute. • To repair long bone fractures. green leaf powder and carrot powder.• To detect the presence of urea in adulterated/synthetic milk a strip test has been developed. Following achievements have been made in terms of technologies at hand. pulses. simple and quick diagnostic tests were developed for the treatment of filariasis. • Epineural nerve suturing along with application of semicarpus anacardium for repair of peripheral nerve injuries developed. • Salmonella Toxoid afford 100% protection in mice. • Diagnosis. rota virus infection and salmonellosis. inhibited fungi and bacteria. vegetables. • Cartilage powder. • Essential oils of clove. • Sarcocystosis in lambs in India reported for the first time. millets. • Congo red binding test for detection of pathogenecity of Escherichia coli strains in poultry developed. fever studied. • Histoplasmosis in cattle in India reported for the first time. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. radio-immunoassay (RIA) Coagglutination (COAT).com . Home Science The University is actively engaged in research including both experimental as well as field research involving rural families at the village level. prevention and control of mastitis was found. • Epidemiology of brucellosis and Q. • Studies made on serotypes of E. and models experimented in the villages : • After finding the nutritive value of specific cereals.
processing and blending with cotton fibres was done.. Pant Spiked Clod Crusher as combination tillage tool with tractor drawn disc harrow and cultivar. • Pauri Nasura. handling and storage of crop residues and further enhancement of their nutritive value by ammonia (urea) treatment for animal feeding have been developed. hoe seeder. Pauri Danela. and detailed profile of rural families of different socio-economic status in different agroclimatic zones were collected. Wind Rower. wheat/paddy straw + cowdung. • Harvesting. • High Pressure Carbondioxide Scrubber and Tarai Biogas Plant for high water table areas have also been developed.C. hand cultivator. kassi. weeding fork. Implements and Technologies Developed A number of implements viz. scrapper. Soybean Thresher and the technologies for testing of I. Designing of the item on market demand can be done and techniques can be sold to such units. Pant Multicrop Seed Drill. • Techniques of utilizing unconventional fibres (okra. have been standardized and recommended for use for providing nutrition and health education to school children and rural communities. Two Row Mechanical Potato Digger. hoe. and murva) by extraction. Pant Rotary Puddler. nutritional assessment of the above groups. • Improved designs of Chutki. Zari and block printing have been obtained. Pant Oscillatory Sieve Potato Digger. Handicrafts items were prepared. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Rural oven was developed using locally available materials and the designs for ‘L’ and ‘U’ shaped kitchen for both standing and sitting positions have been recommended. densification. sowing attachment for country plough and Pauri Paddy Thresher-cumWinnowing Fan have been developed for the hill farmers. • Natural dyes from Henna leaves and Madar roots developed through optimization technique. adolescents and women. school age children. pre-schoolers. Pant Zero-Till Ferti-Seed Drill. engine on biogas. collection. dry leaves + sawdust + cowdung. Sugarcane Interculture-cum-Earthing Equipment. Hand Broadcaster. including visual and audio-visual. Sugarcane Planter (two rows). time and energy spending pattern of rural women. • Detailed anthropometric data on infants.com . and utilization of draught animal power have been developed. • Basic bodice blocks of children of 3–7 years have been prepared. • Pant Double Neck Yoke with adjustable width for humpless animals and Pant Adjustable Collar Harness for single animal and Pant Animal Hoof Shoes for draught animals have been developed. banana. Pauri Steel Plough. Sugarcane Stubble Shaver (two rows). Pant Axial Flow Multicrop Thresher. • Research on village-based action programme models like community child care centre/farm creche/SHGs has proved their utility for the children and women of villages. danala. Improved Beam for Animal Drawn Implements. Pauri Damala. paddy thresher and few others have been recommended for use to save time and energy of farm women and to reduce their work stress. • Improved farm technologies were tried out and equipment/implements such as kuthla. charcoal powder + mud. • For fuel efficiency a combination of fuels that can be efficiently used in kitchen has been suggested which includes sugarcane dry with surkanda sticks of cowdung.fineprint. sawdust + cowdung. All these tools are helpful in harnessing the efficiency of draught animals with less drudgery and fatigue. standardized and are available for use by commercial units/tailoring units. Agricultural Engineering The significant achievements in the field of agricultural engineering are briefed here. bhang. • Hand printing technique developed and its standardization and printing on single bed covers done.• Various teaching aids.
methodologies for evaluation of effects of soil conservation measures on the hydrology and sedimentation patterns of the catchment. • Performance evaluation and design improvements of Hydraulic Ram.e. Post Harvest and Food Engineering • The university has successfully evolved some biotechnological processes for oilseeds. products and other significant achievements of basic sciences are as under : • Hydroponics i. runoff and sediment yield relationship under controlled conditions. • Surface irrigation studies. smokeless chulha. fruits and vegetable processing. • Studies on saving of water and increase in yield with drip and sprinkler irrigation. • Dal mills for pigeonpea and soybean. soybean dehuller. Tomato Seed Extractor. laboratory models to simulate rainfall. manually operated dal mill. Groundnut Decorticator. black gram and lentil. husk fired furnace. relationships for design of soil conservation practices on fields. and technologies for soybean processing. milling of pigeonpea. Soil and Water Conservation Engineering In the area of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering development of hydrological prediction models for small and large catchment. storage of cereals. • Water resources management planning and ground water modelling in Jamrani Dam Command. straw treater. • Sub-surface drainage of high water table and salt affected agricultural lands including well hydraulics. A prototype potato peeler-cum-chip maker has also been developed which has been found useful for cottage industries.com . PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. nomographic techniques to estimate soil loss. • Conjunctive use of surface and ground waters for optimal crop production for Bhabar studied and recommendations for optimal use of land and water resources suggested. Fruits and Vegetable Grader. • Studies on ground water flow to gravity and artisans wells. for vegetable production in difficult terrain and hostile environment. pulses. continuous grain drier. pulses and oilseeds including urea treatment of wheat straw. and the design and development of efficient water conveyance and energy dissipation structures have been done.fineprint. optimal land use models for effective watershed management. soil-less culture. oil recovery. Okra Thresher. drying technologies for various added extruded food products. performance of screens and estimation of aquifer parameters. Basic Sciences Some of the unique technologies. etc. Agricultural Engineers have designed and developed the low-cost high-discharge propeller pumps and efficient foot valves. soybean blancher and wet grinder have been developed. Differential Speed Expanding Pitch. • The agricultural engineers have also developed some processing equipment like Mango Guthali (stone) Decorticator.Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Following studies were conducted and solutions to the problems in related disciplines were found out : • Performance evaluation of installed pumping units • Optimum operating conditions for Archemedian screw. • Water pollution studies on sugar factory effluents conducted to know the adverse effects of pollution on the water quality. • On-farm water management studies for the evolution of technology for increased sustained productivity in the command area of Bichpuri minor of Sharda Canal System.
• The technology for raising three crops of fry from the same nursery pond in one breeding season has also been developed. conservation of fish diversity and fisheries resource management programmes. compared to 30% recovery rate obtained from the cloth hapa.• Tissue culture with dual objective of making elite planting material available to the farmers and generating employment in the rural sector. • Intensive efforts in creating genetically engineered crop plants with improved quality (nutrition in wheat. Recently a new breeding agent ovatide was also used for the successful breeding of Labeo rohita for the first time in the plains of north India. • The fishery of fast-growing carps was successfully established in the medium altitude lakes. The technology for the multiple breeding of carps in Tarai conditions has also been evolved. blast. seed production. • Production of bioinoculants of bacteria and mycorrhiza to enhance nutrient uptake efficiency of crops.69 ha. This has greatly helped in providing fish seed to the culture sector round the year. • An effective package for the control of Epizootic ulcerative syndrome has been developed. Both deshi and exotic varieties of duck have been integrated. fish health management. increasing the existing fish production from 2–3 kg/ha/year to 70 kg/ha/year. which generally exceeds 60 % of the total operational expenditure of fish farmers. Locally available feed ingredients have been identified and the farm management practices for optimum production have also been evolved. reducing the cost of feeding under composite fish culture system. water quality management. • Development of biopesticides and biocontrol agents from the available biodiversity of the region and diagnostic kits. • Cheap methods of aeration in fish ponds have been developed. • A low-cost circulatory hatchery has been developed in which 80% recovery of hatchlings is obtained. aroma in rice) and resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses. • The integrated duck–fish farming technology has been developed to cater to the small farmers. pathogenic variability in Karnal bunt. sheath blight. increasing the rate of recovery of fry from 20% to 60%. This has greatly helped in increasing the fish production. These resource-poor farmers can not afford the cost of feeding. • There are about 93 % small and marginal farmers having land holdings less than 1. The technology using local variety of ducks has been successfully transferred to fish farmers. microbial degradation of lignins and pesticides has lead to important findings.fineprint. An annual fish production of 6 tonnes/ha/year has been achieved. • Basic research on recalcitrant problems like mango malformation.72 kg/ha/yr is obtained from duck–fish pond without any supplementary feeding. The experiments using Khaki Campbell ducks are in progress. The significant achievements made so far in the above areas are as follows: • A successful composite fish farming technology comprising Indian and exotic carps has been developed to utilize the vast low-lying marshy land in the sub-Himalayan region and plains of north-India. • The breeding of carps using ovaprim has also been done in the last 6–7 years. • A supplementary feed having approximately 25% biogas slurry has been formulated.com . Fish production of 4098. This low-cost hatchery is portable and does not require the use of an overhead tank. Fishery Sciences In the Fishery Sciences increased emphasis is being given to the frontier areas of carp culture. screened and tried for better growth and high survival of carps thus. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Use of an organophosphate greatly helped in successfully controlling the cyclopids which predates up on fry in nursery pond thus. • The induced fish breeding technology using crude pituitary extract has been developed for the Tarai region.
fineprint. − Chulu oil cake-coated and lisa-coated urea has been found effective over prilled urea in minimizing nitrogen losses and increasing nitrogen-efficiency.2% and 10. • Some promising lines in rice.000 germplasm lines of various crops have also been evaluated and screened. − Seed inoculation of fingermillet and barnyard millet with Aspergillus awamori along with SSP and MRP (50:50) was found effective in minimizing phosphate fixation in acid soil. row spacing. • Priority has been given to improvement of less utilized crops and millets in the hill area. Pant Lentil 406 and 639 of lentil. ricebean. PRA 8801 have been released for UP hill region by SVRC. PRK 1 and grain amaranth variety. − Application of chemical fertilizers (NPK). Navin of maize. • Suitable inter/mixed cropping e. maize + soybean in 2:2 row ratio at 90/60 cm spacing. Besides. dose of fertilizers and manure. • Following important findings have been made for management of soil fertility. − The response of biofertilizers (Azospirillum braselence and Aspergillus awamori) was 24. PT 303 of rapeseed. rearing trials are being made in the ponds. • Formulated an eight-stage spray schedule consisting of various fungicides and based on crop phonology. MB2P1 for soybean and SSF 73 and SSF 69 have been found to be promising in acid soils. Buckwheat variety. over the un-inoculated control. − Mixture of SSP : RP (1:1) @ 60 kg/ha has been found effective source of phosphate for frenchbean. the world famous game fish which is found only in the Indian subcontinent. • Among the various varieties developed by the University for the plains Kanchan. grain amaranth.com . To conserve the stock of this fish. etc have been standardized for various crops as sole crop and as inter crop. liming (6–9 t/ha) and FYM @ 15 tonnes/ha was found useful for restoring soil fertility of terraces with exposed subsoil. Krishna and Kranti of mustard and PK 262 and PK 327 of soybean have been found promising for the hill region. • Herbicides like glyphosate. − Ricebean cultivation substituted the nitrogen requirement of rabi crops (wheat) by about 20 kg/ha − The nitrogen-use efficiency of prilled urea was increased by 33% with sulphur coating. seed rate. barnyard millet. and is on the verge of extinction. barnyard millet + ricebean in 4:1 ratio at 30 cm spacing and fingermillet + soybean in 9:1 ratio have also been developed for cultivation in high hills. − Use of Mussoorie rock phosphate and superphosphates in 2:1 ratio for increasing agronomic efficiency of phosphatic fertilizers. Ricebean varieties. more than 5.• The basic limnological features and fishery of some of the reservoirs of North India have been studied which will be of great help in increasing the fish production of these reservoirs. • The optimum sowing period.5%) of pine needles for enhancing decomposition and possible source of organic amendment. respectively. etc have been found effective and their doses and time have been recommended to control various weeds. for the control of apple scab.1%. − Sulphuric acid (25%) acidulated rockphosphate has been found as effective source of phosphate for acid soil. soybean. PRB 1. buckwheat and wheat have been identified for release.g. − Strains of Rhizobium japonicum MB2P3. it has been possible to successfully rear the fish in earthen ponds on supplementary feed. were released for the hill region of UP and the country by SVRC and CVRC in 1996 and 1997. Foxtail millet variety. • A strategy has been developed for successful conservation of golden Mahseer. has been released for the hill region of the country by CVRC in 1997. − Urea treatment (0. Forestry and Hill Agriculture PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Pant Pea 5 of field pea. Amaranth + horsegram in 1:1 ratio at 30 cm spacing. PRR 1 and PRR 2. respectively.
• Vegetable varieties tested and found promising for hill areas are : Arkel. Multipurpose trees suitable for fuel.i. planting geometry for cabbage and mulching with FYM and forest litter in off-season potato were recommended. Soviet Chinchilla produced largest litter size (7. Arka Komal of frenchbean. • Ivermectin and Fueox medicines were found effective against Canker and Coccidiosis diseases. • Application of monocrotophos 36 EC (0.) or carbaryl 50 WP @ 0. VL 7 and PB Ageta of pea. late blight of potato. etc. and Quercus leucotrichophora. • Cost-effective control schedule developed for various diseases e. Besides a number of fruit varieties were tested and the Tydeman’s Early Worcester of apple. • Belladonna (Atropa belladonna) seeds when treated with 75% sulphuric acid for 2 minutes gave more than 90% germination. for vegetable pea. apple. • An effective nematode parasite for biological control of white grub has also been identified and the results obtained from farmers fields are encouraging. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. controlling fruit gummosis disease in almond and assessing resistance and resistibility of different cultivars of peaches to fungal leaf curl. • Thin-shelled almond cultivars viz. in rabbit. Thin Shelled and Non Pareil have been found to be highly susceptible to fruit gummosis. • Sowing period of different medicinal and aromatic plants for nursery has been standardized as under : • Based on research achievements various techniques and recommendations have been made for better seed yield and germination in blue pine. whereas Sloh. The preferred hosts. tomato fruit rot. • Among broiler rabbits. Golden Acre and Green Express of cabbage. • The oil potential of wild rose (Rose brunoii) (0. Santarosa and Methley of plum. though inferior in fruit quality. during emergence period of white grub beetle in yellow raspberry. Fruit Varietal Development and Management • New fruit varieties namely PRS 1 of apple. walnut and chestnut.i. has been identified as highly resistant.. Hybrid pears.3) and New Zealand White (5. Nantes of carrot and California Wonder of capsicum. • Application of chlorpyriphos in different doses as seed treatment or by mixing with soil in standing rainfed kharif crops was recommended for white grub control. Pant Shubhra and Pusa Deepali of cauliflower..• Established apple scab disease prediction and forecasting system that can avoid spray at first three stages of the crop. New Castle for fresh purpose of apricot and Charmaghz Safeda for sub-during uses. • Standardized fertilizer doses for carrot variety Nantes (100 kg N/ha). • Significant achievements have been made in improving the productivity and quality of apple and peach fruits.5).5) and this species has been recommended to the farmers due to its better overall performance. Kid birth weight was higher in New Zealand White (63.g. German angora rabbit was recommended to hill farmers owing to its high wool producing capacity. respectively. frenchbean anthracnose. PRKH 1 and PRKH 2 of apricot and PRA 1 of plum have been developed.com . Starking Delicious and Early White Giant of peach and Ne-Plus-Ultra of almond were found promising for growing in the hills.fineprint. Pant Haritima of coriander.05% a. Drake. peach leaf curl. fodder and timber have also been identified.2) as compared to Grey Giant (6. controlled the grub. Q/A-9-120 of potato. cabbage variety Golden Acre (120 kg N/ha) and potato (120 kg N + 100 kg P + 100 kg K/ha) and recommended sowing time.1% a. blast of fingermillet.53%) was found at par with the cultivated rose species such as Bulgarian rose (Rosa damascena).
trainings. 55 teams consisting of a total of 1. Viewing the change in the scenario of agriculture. Almora and Udham Singh Nagar. • For large-scale dissemination of technology. • During 1996–97. First KVK was sanctioned in 1983 for the district Tehri Garhwal.Extension and Communication Directorate of Extension The Directorate of Extension started functioning in 1962 with a team at headquarters and three members in the field in Nainital district. agricultural implements and front line demonstrations (FLDs) have been very successful in training grassroot personnel as well as farmers. weed control. Chamoli. Fianlly. students. The State Government has also sanctioned establishment of KGK for Rudraprayag district and the ICAR under NATP has sanctioned a scheme for remandating the Zonal Research Centre at Majhera (Nainital). namely. This work was adjudged as best work of its kind and given national award by KRIBHCO in 1988 and by the National Productivity Council of India (1990). were transferred to the University in 1998. out of 13 districts. contents of these courses have been revised. visits of 38 teams involving 669 persons were conducted by the Directorate through Kisan Sewa Kendra. Now in Uttaranchal. extension units are working in 9 districts which include 2 KVKs at Ranichauri and Lohaghat and 7 KGKs at Dehradun. Shahjahanpur and Champawat. managed by NGOs.fineprint. Hardwar. In 1992–94 seven more KVKs. the services were extended in 16 districts of UP which was further extended to 19 districts of western plains and hills in 1973. • The Directorate of Extension is conducting a correspondence course-based distance education programme in 17 subject matter areas in Hindi for the farmers. one each located in Meerut and Muzaffarnagar districts. officers and foreigners and during 1998–99. Thus a total of 10 KVKs and 14 KGKs were functioning in 24 districts. one each for Rampur. maximum production. a watershed in Aonla tehsil of Bareilly district was successfully developed during 1986–1992. site seeing. rural school dropouts and unemployed rural youth. All these programmes were merged into Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in 1992. are organized for 4 days at the University’s main PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. one each in kharif (October) and rabi (March) season. kisan mela and advisory services supported with print media and other mass communication means. was started in two districts in 1970 and one ORP on Resource Development on Watershed Basis was launched during 1985–86 in Bareilly. Pauri.504 farmers. This increased to 20 with the formation of Ghaziabad district. it is functioning in a building shared by the Directorate of Experiment Station. Two KVKs. The Directorate of Extension was started initially in the College of Agriculture. • Various demonstrations. Salient achievements are given here under: • Under National Model Watershed Project. Later on. The KGKs have not been provided with any facilities for office and mobility. At present. Badaun. financially sponsored by the ICAR. to perform the function of KVK for Nainital district.200 persons visited the campus. Various extension programmes were under taken in these districts for dissemination of scientific information to the farmers and others related with agriculture. meetings. vegetable crops. After formation of the new state of Uttaranchal the area of responsibility of the University is limited to 11 districts of hills and 2 districts of Tarai Bhabhar and plains. Bijnor. Uttarkashi. varietal. In 1997–98. 11 districts of Uttaranchal have one or the other unit of extension system of the University. two All-India Farmers’ Fair. the area of responsibility of the University was spread over 28 districts of Uttar Pradesh representing 12 districts of hills and 16 of plain for Extension Education. The national demonstration programme. the area jurisdiction of the University consisted of 28 districts before the formation of Uttaranchal. Thus.com . 60 teams consisting of about 2. fruit crops. Saharanpur. Ghaziabad. The ICAR also sanctioned the Lab to Land programme as a part of the Silver Jubilee celebration of the ICAR. Salient Achievements Till March 2001. The extension activities comprised organizing field demonstrations. were sanctioned.
Nainital and Dehradun under UPDASP. the centre is providing media support to various activities of the University and helping in dissemination of useful scientific information to the farmers. The expert teams also visit for disease investigation and control of an outbreak of diseases like FMD. Photographic and Graphic Production and Audio-Visual and Projection Services. etc. Anthrax. One international training programme for the officers of Nepal Government on Seed Production Technology was also organized. News and Publicity. etc. MD. kisan gosthies. zero tillage and food requirements for diabetic patients have also been added and more than 4 lakh copies of these folders were distributed to the farmers. exhibitions. poultry keeping. extension personnel and other visitors. analysed and evaluated at farmers’ fields. bank personnel. fisheries.e. etc. The training unit of the Directorate of Extension organized short and medium-term institutional training courses at Pantnagar for the benefit of different categories of Government officers. seminars. Modipuram. and 2500–3000 photographs and slides are prepared every year for teaching. mushroom production. sericulture. piggery etc. mushroom production. etc. Diversification and intensification of agriculture has been initiated in the 2 districts of Uttaranchal viz. in which vaccination. Strengthening and intensification of Veterinary Extension has been done by organizing clinical camps. veterinary sciences and other related aspects. However. training. • In video unit about 8–10 educational programmes and 40–50 news capsules are produced every year. is printed regularly. are being demonstrated. is not being undertaken now. deworming and parasiticidal sprays to control internal and external parasites and infectious diseases are arranged. plant protection measures. livestock management. Pantnagar News.com . These fairs have been a trend setter and most of the Universities now organise similar fairs. information centres. tribals etc. Pantnagar. Crop production and related technologies like animal husbandry. vegetable and fruit production.• • • • • • • • • • campus. etc. due to retirement of all the artists of the centre the work of preparation of charts. posters. • Two monthly magazines i. printing. The trainings have also been organized to generate self-employment opportunities for rural youth on beekeeping. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • The Centre played significant role in maintaining information centres. organizing exhibitions/farmers’ fairs and participating in national and international expositions. Four new folders on agroforestry. The technical programmes to solve the problems of the villages have been prepared. beekeeping. BQ. Video Production.. saplings of fruit trees and extension literature (folders) on different aspects of agriculture. fruits and vegetables. RD. sericulture. Communication Centre Established in 1972. Bulandshahr and Majhera also organizes one-day Kisan Diwas twice in a year. • About 500–600 charts. University scientists have adopted 109 villages for agricultural development. retiring defence personnel. HS. Indian Farmers’ Digest in English and Kisan Bharti in Hindi and one quarterly newsletter. SMS.fineprint. posters. namely. Various activities are being performed through its units of Radio Production. Salient Achievements Some of the important achievements of the Communication are listed below: • The University has well-equipped radio studio in which about 200 radio programmes are produced in a year for the benefit of the farmers and also for teaching. The farmers are provided seeds of different crops. The Directorate of Extension has published 55 folders or leaflets after thorough revision on different aspects of agriculture including package of practices of important crops. KVKs established by the University have taken up extension activities as per mandate of these institutions. farmers. etc in livestock. farmers for Doon Valley Water-shed Management Project. agriculture implements. Outside stations.
768 students at Masters level and 1.068 students at Ph. 1969 which led to the transformation of Tarai into a major seed production area of the country. The role of Pantnagar University in large-scale seed production programme on 3200 ha area of the University farm has earned a world-wide reputation. economically sound. The contribution of this human resource is immense in making socioeconomic impact through various endeavours like education.D. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.fineprint. Dissemination of technologies and useful information including University news through newspapers. It was the University which played an important role in launching the Tarai Development Corporation (TDC) on 29 June. evolving eco-friendly. extension. The overall impact of the University technologies has been witnessed in increased productivity with high profitability. has given top priority towards quality of students in various undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. Human Resource Development The University. high-yielding and disease-resistant varieties. TV and radio is also undertaken throughout the year. 4.242 students at undergraduate. Socio-Economic and Technological Impact The socio-economic and technological impact needs qualitative and quantitative changes in the grading and quality of farm produce. As a result of this gesture 30% girls are admitted in various degree programmes of the University against a very negligible percentage up to 1980. During last 40 years a total number of 13. The University students are uniformly employed in private and public sector organizations of national and international repute. under its mandate of generating the human resource in agriculture and allied sciences. training. Development of more than 150 short-duration. ‘Earn While You Learn’ and dignity of labour through paid voluntary work programme has helped students to perform in a manner different from those of scholarly education. students programmes and other University programmes held in the campus. Pantnagar Seeds have assumed the national status in HYV programme of the country ‘The Impact of Pantnagar Seeds’ has been strongly felt in the country on the whole and more specifically in the area adjoining the University. level have been awarded degrees.com . Their performance as entrepreneurs in various agribusinesses has also been of the highest order. About 20% of the graduate students get employment in reputed private sector each year through campus interview. location-specific farm technologies and their efficient transfer has promoted the process of this transformation. It was also taken as a mother project for establishing similar seed projects in 5 other states of the country under National Seed Project Phase-1. research. seminar. production and other role played by them in development of agrarian community in India and abroad.• • • Every year 8–10 text-books are produced in Hindi for undergraduate students. newsletters. To increase the productivity of crops the availability of high-quality seed in adequate quantity is of vital significance. Quality education has been helpful to enhance the employment opportunities of the students and to use their constructive and creative attributes in the socioeconomic development of the nation. The Centre also provides audio-visual facilities for teaching. Technological Impact The University has played a major role in transforming the traditional and subsistence agriculture into a diversified growth-oriented and employment-generating commercial venture. On account of their exemplary performance the students of this university are in great demand in the private sector and in national as well as international jobs. Another landmark in social improvement has been through special emphasis on women resource development in agriculture for which provision has been made for reservation of 15% seats for rural girls in various undergraduate programmes. Special emphasis on practical programmes.
the University has strived to fulfil the national goal of ensuring nutritional security through increase in availability of quality livestock and its products.fineprint. a need for sustainability and diversification was realized. maize. Impact on Production and Productivity In the early sixties the country was confronted with an acute shortage of food. 3. tomato. The University is also producing about 80-90 quintal of breeder seed of various vegetable crops viz. Following the technology developed by the University. Owing to the sustained and dedicated efforts of the veterinary and animal scientists to provide proper health cover. Hence. This has not only improved the socio-economic condition of the people but also. brinjal. frenchbean. the thrust was shifted to the horticultural crops during the late eighties. has also been achieved during the last 3 decades.The University has a Breeder Seed Production Centre on 200 ha for production. Thus.000 crore has been obtained from paddy and wheat during the last 10 years. converted the north-west region of UP into a milk cistern and egg basin. Borlaug during his visit in 1972: “ It is the Tarai area under the influence and direction of Pantnagar University that the green revolution. 15% in sheep. The major success in this respect has been due to a highly imaginative scheme of induced breeding developed by the University for the production of fingerlings. Impact on Diversification for more Sustainability and Profitability in Agriculture After having attained a reasonable level of food production. Norman E. processing and other functions on the model of a Single Window System which produces about 4. Hence. raddish. pulses as also the sugarcane production.000 crore economic benefit to the farmers from paddy. 25–30% increase in buffalo. of which about Rs.com . and improved feeding and breeding programmes. over two hundred percent in egg production and about 30% in hide production. The increase in foodgrain production was primarily through productivity of wheat and rice. which has since spread over vast areas of India. biocontrol of diseases and pests and use of biotechnology.. It has promoted the production of Rohu. okra. Integrated Pest Management. the University has made efforts in technology development on Integrated Nutrient Management. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. During the last decade the University also concentrated its efforts on minimizing temporal fluctuations. pulses. a tremendous increase in quantity and quality of livestock products has been witnessed in the area of responsibility of the University over the last three decades. For an overall sustainability in agricultural production. Integrated Plant Disease Management. it is the impact of research and seed production programme of the University which adorned it with the title of “Harbinger of Green Revolution”. As a result. Briefly. soybean. better management practices. The University has started freshwater fish production in a big way. there has been manifold increase in profitability of cereals. Nearly 25– 30% increase in population of cattle. etc. An appreciable increase in the oilseeds. farmers are harvesting 6–7 tonnes of fish per ha every year. pea. Further on about 2.000 ha area around half of the seed is distributed as Foundation Seed and half as certified seed contributing about Rs 8. cauliflower. 25% in goat and about four fold increase in poultry population has resulted in an increase of about 60% meat and milk production. Katla and Nain in natural lakes and ponds as well as in artificial fish ponds. This is very well substantiated by the following statement of Dr. carrot. diversification of farming and optimization of resource use.000 quintal seed every year. coriander. The production of fruits and vegetables during the last decade has been doubled owing to the release of several varieties and production technologies. the University concentrated on getting rid of this problem by focussing its attention on increasing food production by developing more than 150 varieties of various crops along with their production technologies and transferring these technologies to the farmers. to the tune of 20%. Further. chillies and cucurbits. Introduction of soybean in the farming system of the area of responsibility of the University as well as in the country is a notable achievement of this university. wheat. was born”. the increase in food production has been about 172 % in the plains and about 105% in the plains and hills against an over-all increase of about 142 % in the erstwhile state of UP during first three decades of the University’s efforts.
research and transfer of technology. It has resulted into an inefficient technology generation and technology transfer. Considering these and many more factors. The need for establishment of Trainers Training Centre for KVKs. Similarly the growth in terms of number of departments and post-graduate programmes has also been tremendous considering the manpower demand for academic institutions. research. in different colleges are presented below : Agricultural Sciences In the twentieth century the emphasis was on the development of technologies for more production. This is essential also in view of the fact that productivity is reaching towards the stagnation.com . The issues and strategies related to H.. Linkage among research scientists. organic farming. sustainable production and growth in agriculture. The research and extension programmes were also implemented based on the demand and problems of the farming society. KGKs and officials of State Govt.D. However. The manpower and faculties have generally grown old in several departments. With changes in socio-economic and agro-ecological conditions. food security and nutritional security. environmental security. KGKs and Krishi Mandies under the area responsibility of the University could be linked. training institutions and Agri-business organisations would also be on the priority in 21st Century. process industries are coming in a big way and several other new avenues are likely to emerge in the next two decades. The agroinput organizations in the private sector are rising every day. The quality and the training of the personnel for the job of teaching. government departments. research and extension programmes based on the present scenario and future demand are given below: Human Resource Development and Educational Management The pace of human resource development in terms of undergraduate and post-graduate programmes for all the colleges varies due to the reason that these colleges were started in phases. the population is still rising unabated and the Indian farmer is bound to compete in the world market due to globalization of agriculture. and extension education and the staff managing the affairs of line departments need to be upgraded. agro-input agencies and self-employment. creation of World Trade Organization and India’s enrollment in this organization. research and extension would be inevitable. The situation may be alarming if steps are not taken to recruit competent faculty particularly at the middle level. In view of many radical changes likely to take place during next 20 years some major changes/overhaul in the programme is necessary. Some new courses would also be needed to understand these aspects.Issues and Strategies The University during last 40 years has made allround progress in the spheres of human resource development. Thus inter departmental and inter-organizational linkage is also essential to understand their problems and to improve quality of education and research so that students could be valued better.R. extension education personnel. The human resource development through undergraduate and post-graduate programmes has been the prime focus as a result of which it has now nine colleges starting from two in 1960. line departments of the State and the farmers is poor. INM. management preceptions as well as international trade relations and policies. necessary modification in curriculum will be made. IPM.fineprint. There is a need to establish an advanced centre of educational technology to strengthen the communication skills and capabilities of teachers. in the twenty-first century the thrust will be on higher production through efficient management of technology and agri-business in addition to our concern on biotechnology. Main issues and strategies related to education. There is also the need to establish a wellequipped lab with multimedia facilities to which all the KVKs. the suitable modifications/revision in curriculum. The University has now got sole responsibility for the development of agriculture in Uttaranchal which has completely a different agro-eco system and farm practices. To enable farmers stand better in the world trade market and with the above foresightedness it is PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.
• Tapping resources without destroying future supplies or disturbing the environment. library. To keep pace with the vast exploring scientific information. handicapped and young adolescent parents.necessary for the University to modify and upgrade the undergraduate and post-graduate programmes. Home Science The Home Science Education/Human Ecology programme would address the following issues in next two decades through additional/revised courses for the students. post-harvest technologies. • Reallocation of family and work roles for contribution of both men and women. For sustain growth in higher technical education and research. laboratories. Considering this need. The institution will have to attain international standards to compete with the leading engineering institutions in the world. Many more areas of specialization are likely to be created through research dynamics and new academic programmes. which was created 40 years ago. information technology and computers will have to be appropriately incorporated in the curriculum of various degree programmes. The infrastructure in terms of lecture rooms. The necessity of making needful modifications for undergraduate courses and starting specialized courses which may be helpful for students in post education settlement through self-employment. Hence. processing. Effective human resource development is vital for ensuring productivity from veterinary education.com . The rapid growth of high technology. • Supporting education of the population. The quality of education must match international standards in view of globalization and related parameters. This would require overall improvement in infrastructure including faculty. cannot meet the aspirations of the new generations nor it can match the new curricula in agriculture and allied subjects.. the poor unemployed. • Subsidizing high risk groups. etc. Changes in undergraduate education in agriculture will also be necessary so that the graduates must be prepared to take up new challenges of the twenty-first century in the agricultural production. export–import balances. both the young in schools and adults outside the formal education.fineprint. etc. substitution of new equipment and renovation of laboratories will be another priority area of the new century. it is necessary to create opportunity for the scientists and teachers to periodically update their knowledge and skills in their own areas of specialization and teaching methodologies. marketing. The demand for trained manpower in India and abroad in the field of engineering and technology will have to be created by updating curriculum and making necessary improvement in the quality of instruction through trained and qualified teachers. laboratories. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. working environment. Veterinary Sciences It has been realized that veterinary education is an important component for overall development of livestock industry. the elderly. For its sustained growth it is essential to upgrade the courses and also to substitute redundant courses with new concepts and knowledge for development of academics/professionals to meet the manpower requirement for different jobs in this sector. will be realized more during next two decades. infants and young children. Technical Education The most important issue in the next 20–25 years is to ensure sustainability of higher education and quality of applied research in the interest of the development of the nation. teaching equipment. • Coping up with the changing power position and role allocation. satellite-based computerized information network will have to be developed and flow of information between institutions engaged in teaching and research will have to be ensured. it would also be necessary to ensure support and active participation of the agricultural and industrial sectors in the field of education besides government funding.
Watershed Management. (iv) Forest Management and Utilization. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Presently the College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture has 8 departments viz. (ii) Vegetable Science. Traditionally this profession has been tied up with economically weaker section. Due to this reason the entry of trained professionals is minimal. (vii) Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. • Encouraging women participation in the income generating activities and also in family decision making. (v) Natural Resource Management. residences. Forestry. (x) Basic Sciences and Humanities. There is little or no knowledge about pisciculture in cold water. College of Horticulture The Government of Uttaranchal has already granted Rs 14 crore for the establishment of a College of Commercial Horticulture and its foundation has also been laid in June 2001. A special manpower development strategy would be required to saturate the entire Himalayan region in the northern India. recruitment and orientation of staff to prepare for the new courses will be the agenda on top in addition to creation of facilities like building. With this development forestry component will be planted in the College of Horticulture and after merger it would be known as the College of Horticulture and Forestry. (i) Genetic Resources. laboratories and fisheries work-experience are also the potential areas for strengthening undergraduate fishery education. Forestry and Hill Agriculture In order to have professionally trained personnel to manage the agriculture and forestry. scientifically there is urgent need to establish educational centres of excellence. (viii) Agricultural Economics. (iv) Soil and Water Management. Fishery Sciences The area and potential for increasing fish production is vast in India. (v) Mycology and Plant Pathology. Horticulture. Development of instructional fish farm. laboratories. • With the change in aspirations and level of education among women there should be shift in their role and responsibility. The number has to be raised both vertically and horizontally. The specialized role of trained manpower in fishery biology and disease management are the other potential areas of manpower development. library and other physical facilities. Social Sciences. Keeping in view the changing scenario in agricultural education worldwide there is need to create more departments in the College of Hill Agriculture.com . (xi) Animal Sciences (xii) Seed Science and Technology. (iii) Crop Management. The process industries and quality control of processed products is another major area which has to be developed. (xiii) Agricultural Extension and Social Sciences. and Basic Sciences. Vegetable Science. (vi) Biotechnology. Seed Science and Technology. The curriculum development. This potential is yet to be exploited through proper manpower development in fisheries. (ix) Watershed Management. (ii) Crop Improvement. (viii) Ornamentals and Landscaping. • Training and orientation of undergraduate and post-graduate students to understand the socio-cultural environment of women and the family in hill region. (vi) Entomology and Nematology. The new college of Hill Agriculture will have the following departments. (iii) Tree Improvement. (vii) Agrometeorology.fineprint.. The next 20 years of the new century will take account of these issues while planning and formulating undergraduate fishery education at this university. In the forthcoming plans the campus would be known as the College of Horticulture and Forestry with the departments of (i) Horticulture. (x) Social Sciences and Extension Education.• Changing the concept of coarse grains to nutritious grains. (ix) Agricultural Engineering and Farm machinery. Hill Agriculture.
fineprint. medicinal and aromatic plants. Hence. personnel. These researches were generally of applied nature to meet the immediate goals of increasing production. biochemistry. level programmes in respective subjects. discussions. It is generally conceded that neglect of basic research will prove detrimental for the growth of Agriculture and Technology. The post-graduate education needs overhauling of the curriculum to meet the present specialized knowledge in different subjects. it would have the core staff to ensure sustainability in quality of education and accountability. There is need to coordinate the teaching programme to improve its quality and develop competence of the students to undertake teaching. There is still the need for a greater thrust to create some central facilities for seminar rooms. The intake of students will be limited to undergraduates of these branches only.com . The Agribusiness Management has entered as a new and applied branch relevant for all the professional students at this university for providing industry specific thrust in farm engineering. The College has four operational units viz. The College has been moving by adopting innovative approach of financial management. microbiology. Considering the business trends the concepts have also been revised frequently. private and public sector research organisations will also be strengthened.Agribusiness Management The education in Agribusiness Management is a new programme in the University. Research Issues and Strategies At the inception stage the scientists of the University planned and executed researches in agriculture and allied subjects visualizing the then immediate problems faced by the farmers. Subjectwise research specific issues and strategies are given below : PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Suitable linkages will also be established with the private sector and NGOs to promote complementarily. The basic science component was limited to very few researchers associated with different disciplines. etc. research and managerial responsibilities. agricultural heritage. biotechnology in agriculture. postharvest management and technology and many more areas of specialization can be strengthened through Master’s and Ph. livestock industry. However. food industry. Placement and Counselling. socio-cultural heritage. The extent and quality of basic research is inadequate in the main college streams and has led to slow growth in the field of the frontier areas such as biotechnology. This is the most dynamic subject for which frequent change/upgradation of knowledge through refresher courses is essential.D. analytical laboratories. basic research would be strengthened in every college in general and in the College of Basic Sciences in particular. information technology. extension agents and farmers. seminars and audio-visual aids based instructions to make them professional during their studies. The students will be given exposure through case study. Similar approach was adopted in veterinary sciences and other disciplines of the University. horticulture industry. Management Development Programmes. Himalayan agro-eco conservation. Participatory research on farmers’ field would be conceived as a focus in planning future research proposals and elaborate mechanism for testing and verification of new technology would be developed involving researchers. production. hi-tech agriculture.D. Business Management Clinic and Information Technology Management Units. training of teachers to upgrade their knowledge in the subject and to improve the teaching skills. production of instructional material. The training. Post-Graduate Studies The post-graduate studies are decentralized in respective colleges which have the Master’s and Ph.. seed industry etc with proper mix of skills in marketing finance. input supply industry. presentations. The curriculum development in new areas in each college is the need of the day in view of the fact that bio-diversity conservation. Collaborative research between government. consultancy research will be the main focus in addition to teaching at post-graduate level. programmes in related subject. operations research.
Average yield of our major foodgrain crops is much lower than those of many East and South Asian countries. • Opening of avenues like silk worm rearing. • Attaining nutritional security will remain the integral goal with the higher production to save the population from malnutrition problem. • Arresting the degradation of natural resources and the environment should receive priority so that we could achieve the goal of sustainability of agriculture. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. conservation of water to increase the area under irrigation will be another issue which could change the subsistence nature of hill agriculture to a profit-generating one. vegetables. etc. information technology. disease and insect-pest resistance. • Increasing yield potential and quality of crops through development of crop genotype resistant to major diseases and pests as well as to abiotic stresses would be given increasing attention. Acceleration of the growth rate of agricultural production is the major challenge we are facing today. Yield potential of generally low-yielding crops such as pulses and oilseeds would have to be enhanced. breeding efforts were directed towards increase in crop yield but unless high yields are reinforced with quality. bringing it under crop cultivation will be the major issue to be dealt in the coming years to increase the production. • Greater attention will be paid to facilitate agricultural diversification by developing technologies for intensive production of fruits. flowers. Major focus shall be on heterosis breeding. post-harvest physiology. beekeeping and other agro-based income generating activities which will in turn help in poverty alleviation and employment generation. mushroom cultivation. quality of crops. • The possibilities of making hill agriculture more advanced by integrating it with the latest technologies like biotechnology.fineprint. The productivity through composite technologies has to be improved. • Major part of agriculture being rainfed. medicinal and aromatic plants and other high-valued crops. physiological basis of yield.com . agribusiness management. • Increasing forest cover in the next few years with people’s participation is also an area of concern and will have to be given immediate thought to meet the basic needs of fodder and fuel in the hill region. • Decline in crop productivity is our concern. • Checking low and unstable yield in rainfed areas which is about 63% of the total cultivated area but accounts for only 32% of the total agricultural production will be of prime importance. • Ways and means will have to be found out to make the hill women’s contribution of about 80 percent in agriculture more productive. will have to be explored. • Identification of some economically profitable and environmentally sustainable crops and cropping systems for each agro-ecosystem of the State is one of the foremost issue needing immediate attention of agricultural scientist.Agricultural Sciences • Food security will continue to be the first and foremost priority for agricultural research to produce enough for indigenous use as well as for exports particularly the products in which the country has a comparative advantage. • The focus shall be on developing critical understanding of biotechnology. At present their output is very low due to avoidable excessive drudgery which could otherwise be utilized in other productive occupations. Angora rabbit farming. the targeted benefits in the context of human nutrition and export market may not be obtained. So far. In the light of the issues raised above some action strategies have been planned for implementation to solve the relevant problems of research and technological development in agricultural sciences. • Keeping in view the availability of large area as cultivable wasteland in Uttaranchal.
integrated weed management and efficient management of irrigation and drainage. vegetable. planting dates. • New market avenues for animal products itself is likely to grow as biggest food industry in India for internal consumption and also for export. is feasible which will in turn ensure sustenance to agriculture and environment. waterlogging and low and high temperature stresses. variety. waste recycling and bio-remediation.com . horticulture. the College of Veterinary Sciences has a comprehensive role by way of imparting education and also by conducting research and extension activities. research priority setting. Management of biotic and abiotic stresses through development of varieties resistant to multiple diseases and pests. handling and transport. Research work would be intensified to develop technology to alleviate the damages caused by drought. reporting and control is a continuous and integral part of veterinary profession. The development of cultivars resistant/tolerant to the abiotic stress through conventional plant breeding methods has met with limited success. • Integration of animal with crops. symbionts and pests. Now. The husbandry aspect was taken up through the College of Agriculture.fineprint. land capability classes. monitoring and impact measurement would have to be established. biocontrol agents. Effective mechanism of diagnostic surveys for project formulation. poultry. Intensive research on crop modelling involving the effects of variables such as climate. storage. It has. Some prospects and strategies relevant for research in the field are mentioned below : • Animal rearing and rural economy are complimentary to each other. obstetrics. • Research and development on alternative feed resources and improved metabolism is another potent thrust area for animal nutrition experts. the research thrust in this field will hold a great importance. Hence it is essential to identify major potential areas in this discipline which is relevant to the farmers of different agro-ecosystem. Hence. as per VCI guidelines. edhapic and management factors on crop growth and yield shall be helpful in forecasting the potential of different crops and cropping systems. salinity. the varying cropping systems and resource constraints will have to be developed. with the addition of seven more departments representing animal reproduction. • Global opportunities and future needs in livestock and animal sector will continue to grow in future.• • • • • host–pathogen and pests interaction. Sustained research shall be continued to improve the productivity of the rice–wheat cropping system by judicious use of crop varieties. dynamics of soil–water–plant interaction. With this holistic approach the College will assume a greater responsibility in generating more income and employment for the rural masses of the hill region. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Veterinary Sciences The field of veterinary science till recently was limited to the treatment of animals and healthcare issues. Efficient technology for optimum management of land and water resources and other inputs based on the features of agro-ecological zones in the area responsibility of the University. forestry. artificial insemination and Embryo transfer technologies continue to get the prime attention of veterinary scientists. etc. Development of post-harvest management technologies to minimize the post-harvest losses particularly in case of fruits and vegetables and to improve post-harvest quality through appropriate packaging. tillage management. fish. • Disease surveillance. • There is continuous scope for reinforcement in animal health services through research. balanced nutrition including organic manuring and crop residue management. development and veterinary health services. • There is renewed thrust on production and reproduction efficiency for which research in reproduction. therefore. biopesticides and development of appropriate farming systems shall be the approach to manage the diseases and pests. become necessary to identify the genes or molecular markers associated with abiotic stress tolerance.
This area of sectoral cooperation must be strengthened through intervention of sociological studies. It has generally been observed that the technologies developed from different branches of agricultural engineering have relatively a greater sophistication. The local popularity of these machines and technologies has also not gathered much momentum. • Development of sound marketing infrastructure for growth of animal population is essential looking to future manpower and technological need to cater the growing international market. industries and financial management could be understood better. however. This way the problems related to policies and promotion of relevant products. Only then the future of technologies and the entrepreneur could be secured. The emphasis has been given in the past for research-industry collaboration.e. the problem areas need to be identified for each production system for development of relevant technologies with respect to each production system. processing. This aspect should be incorporated in various research projects as in built component for their sustenance. The farmers for last 20 years are facing a major problem in storage. The research in the College of Technology would focus to solve multi-dimensional problems specific to each production system involving minimum investment so that the average farmer may have the access to these technologies. Hence. efficient irrigation and for different postharvest processes. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The conservation of natural resources through efficient use of soil and water in agriculture and allied sectors is another priority area of agricultural engineers which has to be taken up in cooperation with the professionals in the specialized vocations. to take up these technologies for converting into production system an integrated programme for training of entrepreneurs must be taken up at the college level in collaboration with the industries and the government. These technologies. the scientists in the College of Technology will have a major concern to enquire the important reasons affecting large-scale application of the technologies. the farmer and consumer must also be identified while formulating research.fineprint. The engineering aspects in all these branches must be dove-tailed with the production aspects in each branch of food production sector. Hence. Some spadework has been done in this direction which has not been helpful to large number of entrepreneurs despite the fact that the University and its scientists both could be financially benefited. the research and development work cannot be generalized for all the agro-ecological regions. development. Therefore.e. Hence. for improvement of the farming sector and for the disciplines related to non-farming sectors. field preparation. All these problems can be solved through appropriate technologies for post-harvest and process management. have not benefited the majority of farmers specially small and marginal farmers. marketing strategy and other programmes suffer which could be overcomed through the prospective work. underground water management and flood management are the three major problems of the country which are area specific. agro-based industries and domestic consumption needs special attention of the scientists to ensure regular availability of electricity. • Data base generation is the major need for objective and correct planning for livestock industry.com . There is a major gap in this direction due to which quality of research.• The colleges and institutes for veterinary education and research are the source to create more pressure for enhancement in financial allocation. The energy management for agricultural production. Technology The College of Technology has two sets of departments i. The agricultural engineering departments have taken interest in developing technologies. proper utilization and recycling of agricultural waste/byproduct and also to minimize the cost on energy consumption. The linkages between research. marketing and value addition. improved machines and implements for land development. The canal water management. industry and government is another necessity to make the research output more productive and usable by the target groups. The third dimension of the sectoral collaboration i.
tissue culture and pollen culture are some other important areas which need continuous attention of the basic science research. Perfecting gene transfer. been rapid and productive. However. carbon and nitrogen use efficiency and post-harvest physiology. dynamics of soil–water– plant interaction and crop modelling are some of the issues to be taken in the near future. However. molecular cytogenetics and genetic engineering are the other areas of basic research. Physiological traits dealing with increased crop production. Potential of micro organisms for production of industrial enzymes. therefore. post-harvest management to increase shelf-life of perishable and nonperishable foods. pollen biotechnology and propagation of various plants of medicinal use will be another important area receiving priority. application of new compounds and their metal complexes for antibacterial. for coordination in basic science research non-availability of the scientific manpower has been the major constraint. The outcome of basic science.com . Development of better strains of nitrogen fixing organisms including asymbiotic. is realized after a much longer duration. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. pesticidal hazard on pollinators. no doubt.fineprint. Molecular mechanism of stress induced male sterility in cereals. The role of biotechnology. production of transgenic plants. biological approaches to gene mapping. Application of regulators to legumes rhizosphere. better nutrient. will be strengthened. The work on nodulation and nitrogen fixation will be carried out in order to evolve biological means of providing nitrogen to crop plants by enhancing the active span of nodules. symbiotic and associative symbiotic micro organisms. nematicidal and insecticidal characterisation of germplasm. Some other important research strategies in basic sciences are presented below: More stress will be laid on physiology of abiotic stresses for identifying physiological biochemical and molecular traits in crops plants which could be selected and cultivated under stress conditions. Modified gene constructs will be introduced into microbial and plant cell by transformation. Emphasis will be laid on commercial utilization of bio-technological techniques especially in mass multiplication of elite species. biochemical and physiological basis for disease resistance and quality of foodgrain. development of diazotrophic strains able to perform well under adverse environmental conditions. Microbial processes for treatment of various types of industrial wastes will be attempted for pollution abatement and energy recovery. the applied sciences get the priority for major allocation of the funds and resources. Research will be taken up to develop fish and fisheries including processing. microbial polysacharides and organic acids will be harnessed. which will help both for pollination of crops and for production of honey. Studies on application of molecular biological approaches for genome maping for marker assisted selection of various crops. Microbial production of industrially useful products from agricultural raw materials. The College of Basic Sciences has been involved in providing research support to different colleges of the University through its various departments in teaching programmes. natural plant resources are the other area which will be emphasized. role of enzymes in food industry. in vitro DNA manipulation for specific purposes of expression and transfer of genes in diverse biological systems will be taken up. These points will have to be taken into consideration to improve the quality and strength of basic research in the agricultural universities. multiplication of elite species and varieties through biotechnological means. screening of nutritive quality in agricultural crops. recycling of waste. considering sustainability and quality of growth the research backup of basic sciences will always be recognized as prime force.Basic Sciences The growth in agriculture on account of applied research in different colleges has. radioisotopes and nuclear techniques will increase to ensure major breakthrough in agriculture and allied sectors. growth biochemical aspects of host-pathogen relationship. Dependence on biophysical. The knowledge gained from basic research has to be used in development of modern technologies so as to intensify the utilization of ever declining natural resources. antifungal. Work on pollination and selection of effective pollinators.
employment scenario and other aspect related to modernizing farming. • The mother and child care issues require special attention of the development functionaries for success of which the research input will have major role. demography and anthropological background the factual data of the rural women living in different parts of the state can be generated. family nutrition. socio-economic implication of the new technologies. as it has been in the past is far from the scenario existing in the hill region. • The women in agricultural operation participate to the extent of 70–80 percent. The research and development work in this direction is a basic necessity of the Home Science discipline. Home Science The existence of Home Science colleges in agricultural universities is justified mainly with their visible role in socio-economic upliftment of the rural women which is possible through bringing relevant changes in managing the house affairs. based on the socio-economic strata. illiteracy. child education and rearing.com . the job is still more challenging and requires essential research for starting new incomegenerating activities for them. poverty. Main research emphasis will be on the areas related to unemployment. utilization of under-utilized cereals for developing processed food products and development of technologies for minimally processed fruits and vegetables will be intensified. and women and child health care are some important issues which need to be studied with specific reference to hill region. • The orientation of Home Science education. the child development. there is no provision for training and empowerment of women involved in this sector. generation of information on impact of technologies. cost-benefit ratio of the farming systems and component technologies. The main strategy in social science research would be towards. In context of hill region. • The family resources. old age and changes in socio-economic conditions. In both the spheres it is also essential to ensure their participation not merely as a worker but also as decision maker and also to share the family income for improving the quality of life and towards their sustained development. industrialization and changes in cropping pattern. With specific responsibilities for women development in the hill region of Uttaranchal some important research strategies for 2020 are listed below: • Most of the problems of the rural women have been listed for the solution on generalized basis. Emphasis will be laid on application of tools and techniques developed in agriculture. • The major thrust of the society is entrusted upon empowerment of women to overcome all the gender related problems. natural resources. Hence.fineprint.Research on technology development on post harvest handling of raw as well as processed food products. health problems. The specific ways and means for women empowerment have to come through research in foresighted areas in Home Science. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. rural migration. While formulating any development programme. millets and coarse grain is getting a lower priority in the food sector despite their higher nutritive value for human consumption. This is essential for planning any development programme related to upliftment of rural women. • The Home Science discipline has always shown its keen interest in creating incomegenerating activities through self-employment of rural women. market projections. However. it is necessary to have the information specific to this region. biological and environmental science and also in fisheries and livestock. environmental factors. The special strategy is required by way of research and human resource development for the benefit of women in agriculture. the development of family resources including children and by raising their income in on-farm as well as off-farm activities. The Home Science scholars may identify the potential areas and means in this direction. This requires a massive information and media campaigning in addition to making provisions by amendment in the constitution and legislative acts. • The nutrition through under-utilized crops and locally grown pulses. However. physical resources and other relevant conditions in the hill region are completely different from the plains.
• A comprehensive approach for utilization of land. • Hydrography of major aquatic systems to find out their carrying capacity and develop suitable fish yield models. • Improving quality of carp seeds through selection and broodstock improvement • Formulation of suitable aqua feed by making use of the locally available feed ingredients • Development of technology for augmenting fish production from lakes and reservoirs. • Developing user-friendly technologies for the control of pollution in natural waters. Forestry and Hill Agriculture There are many areas specific to the mountain regions. etc derived from the freshwater fishery. efficient water management techniques. A judicious balance has to be maintained between conservation of biodiversity both at in-situ and ex-situ levels and their sustained utilization through use of PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Stocking of selected rivers with healthy seed of indigenous fishes. These need to be properly addressed in future research agenda for the hill zone. etc. smoke curing etc. Constant depletion of riverine fish resources is a cause of concern for which suitable strategies need to be planned. • Development of packaging technology for the various forms of processed freshwater fishes • Development of low input processing technology such as salting. are the major areas of research for the decades to come. for lowvalued species and for easy adoption at village levels. organic waste recycling. fish fillets.Fisheries Science In the fishery science the basic issues in the coming years will be to undertake research in basic and emerging areas of fisheries and develop reliable location-specific technological packages. water quality evaluation. as given below.fineprint. GIS would be a new tool in fishery investigations. • Study of fish immunology with the objective of making fish resistant to certain common diseases leading to mortality. organic farming.com . Therefore. Development of coldwater fisheries in Central Himalayan waters and the processing technology for freshwater fishes will also be the major issues before the University. Recharging of perennial natural streams should be the priority. Geographical information system (GIS) has not yet been used in the inland fresh-water bodies for resource estimation. for which adequate emphasis has not been given so far in the ongoing research programmes. To address these issues the strategies have been planned as under: • Preparation of reliable database on culture and capture fisheries resources. assessment of capture fisheries and for the estimation of productivity including the fish production. • Hatchery production of fish seed. The following technologies need to be evolved for processing of fresh water fishes : • Chilling technology and cold storage studies on commercial species of freshwater fishes. Use of biofertilizers. • Conservation and utilization of biodiversity of Himalayan region of Uttaranchal is very important. • Diversification of aquaculture species. • Development of aquaculture technology for economically viable cold water fish species. • River ranching with good quality seed of gangetic carps. • Freezing of whole fish. developing commercial level technology of catfish and prawn farming and production of pearl from freshwater mussels. This will require the identification and mapping of water bodies and development of cage culture and pen culture technologies for the same. minced fish meat. • Developing suitable immunodiagnostic kits. The Himalaya is one of the eight sub-centres of crop origin identified within the Indian gene centres. water and other resources in a balanced and holistic manner is the need of the hour for which watershed management with proper land use planning should be the future research agenda.
Participatory plant breeding should be the future research agenda. and decision making issues. Production technologies incorporating indigenous knowledge system should be developed for sustainable production. This variation in agroclimate in the mountain region has not been adequately delineated into representative agro-ecological situations. Farmer’s participation in technology development and extension would be the main feature of the new extension approach. Tele-text and video-text would also be available to provide information on market price. This will require mobilization of self-help groups in rural PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Active participation of user communities in the conservation of bio-diversity still remains a distant goal. Farmers-Friendly Participatory Extension Approach The socio-political changes in the country would demand farmer-first extension system.com .fineprint. management and information communication technologies. immense potential of computers in providing ready to use extension services for the progressive farmers’ for adopting high-tech agriculture cannot be over emphasized. extension programme of the University needs to be modernized and fresh approaches initiated which would be farmers-friendly. Some of the salient features of the issues and strategies related to the University extension and information dissemination for 2020 are given below: KVKs to Serve as Nerve Centre of Extension It is hoped that by 2020 each district under area jurisdiction of the University will be covered by one or two KVKs. Issues and Strategies related to Extension Education and Information Dissemination With increasing advancements in research. KVKs will be electronically linked with the University on one hand and the development as well as farmers’ organizations on the other. In order to harness the full capability of electronic connectivity. content and approach of work. Further. ecologically sustainable and may encourage participatory approaches. The mountain region represents extremely varied climatic regimes ranging from sub-tropical to the alpine temperate. technologies. activities and roles KVKs will emerge as nerve centre of extension in the hills linking technology assessment and refinement and its dissemination through mass media. No amount of conservation effort will succeed if attempt is not made for their economic utilization. especially in respect of the scientific staff on the basis of periodic review of situation and agro-ecological based vocations. Agroclimatology will play a greater role in future particularly in crop planning and management including pest and disease incidence forecasts. Development of low cost eco-friendly agro-techniques involving indigenous material should be given top priority particularly in view of the fragile geomorphology and resource poor farmer of Himalyan region. management.• • • • innovative means. Each KVK will have infrastructure facilities for production of audio-visual materials for on-campus and off-campus training. Paperless offices will be in operation and lengthy bureaucratic delays in filing reports will be done away with. Emphasis on Internet-aided Extension Work Use of computer in the Directorate of Extension and its outreach branches will enhance organizational efficiency through management of information systems and decision support system. A broad agroclimatic and reliable data-base is the need of the hour. Computer aided extension will be a valuable component of farm advisory services for agriculture and related subjects. The KVKs will have need-based staffing pattern. Characterization of genetic resources and its documentation and forming a data base for proper utilization will be our future thrust. the extension system needs modernization both in philosophy. Integrated nutrient management and biocontrol measures should be given emphasis. With several innovative programmes. This will be helpful for maximum utilization of scientific inputs duly blended with local experience and expertize. high-tech agriculture and entrepreneurial potential of farmers.
interactive audio and video system besides print and programmed learning materials which would be the distinguishing feature of extension teaching and learning process. in order to get high technology and supporting information on marketing. To improve their quality of life. processing. Thus. identification. This could be suitably linked with the outreach stations. horticulture. etc. documentation and verification of indigenous and farmers’ generated knowledge and technologies will be done. on-farm production PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. high-tech advice and inputs shall be introduced on the lines as being done by the Medical College to outpatients. supply and service functions. Thus. Farmer to farmer communication and training will be encouraged. they will be connected with the University for assessing latest information and getting necessary advice. Commodity-based Extension Commodity-based group formation would be facilitated for those engaged in flower cultivation. Documentation and validation of Indigenous Technological Knowledge Keeping in view the need for maintaining bio-diversity and preservation and utilization of indigenous technological knowledge of local population.com ..fineprint. Identification. A lot of efforts will be needed to infuse self-management capabilities in farmers groups. In order to make technology more relevant for farmers of different categories. processing and such other enterprises. The KVKs will also have similar ATICs for multiple role through the same unit. Provision of the Single Window Service/Advice System At the University headquarters and KVKs. distance education programmes that would have suitable direct linkage with the Pant Farmers’ Club network as the base and KVKs as the middle-level for imparting skills. The farmers’ dependence on the State will be minimized by strengthening University extension system and farmers’ organization with Government department rendering only regulatory. the Kisan Sewa Kendra/ Agriculture Technology Information Centre (ATIC). leadership networking. personal growth and effectiveness. Farmers will need training in managing local groups efficiently. etc. Such organization will be linked together for exchange. radio broadcasting. Thus. Total uplift of Farm Family Most of the farmers in the Uttaranchal belong to the category of marginal and small farmer having less than one hectare of land. Such efforts will help in generating a mix of traditional technology and scientific recommendations for easy acceptance among farming community and maintenance of sustainability of natural resources. On the line of IGNOU. entrepreneurial skills and their management but also in conflict resolution. These centres will be suitably linked with the specialized labs of different colleges of the University. For advice to visiting farmers suitable interactive video system would be developed and put to use. extension functionaries and farmers will be needed. Scientists and extension workers will need training to use sociological methods of working closely with the farmers in this venture. Distance Education for Farmers Human resource development through training and education will be the major thrust of future extension. more and more farmers can be benefited through distance education course via television. the University would launch and conduct in collaboration with the Doordarshan and private TV channels. Similarly farmers experimentation will be facilitated by advice and infrastructure support from the University and other refined systems. Such specialized farmers’ group will have capability for growing products for export and specialized market. University extension will become facilitator in the process. fisheries. single window system of providing service. Training and education efforts will be needed not only in the emerging areas of technologies. Self-help group of farmers will be appropriate forum for implementing technology assessment and refinement and communication.community to nurture farmers’ initiative in their own development. close interaction between scientists.
farm women and rural youth in the rural areas. culture. social and other prevailing situations. The University has been placing its prime importance for last several PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Pantnagar University being the harbinger of Green Revolution in India and its outcampuses in the hill region are ideally suited for these innovative experiences. the tele-conferencing technique between the farmers and related agencies can be helpful in solving emerging problems in agriculture. health hazards. Establishing Mass Media Research Centre The information and communication technology has changed the scene of educational system in the country where distance education has got the prime importance particularly for those who could otherwise not pursue their higher education in the universities/colleges. residual effect of pesticides on human life. considering the importance of the transfer of technologies with relevance and consequence. Therefore. Pantagar is the only university to have such a centre in the country. and ecological. In view of the above facts it will be desirable to start the Mass Media Research Centre for the university education and non-formal education to the farmers. food habits and several other factors. Interdependence of Communication and Information Services with Extension Education To keep pace with the advancement in the information and communication technology the University has established communication centre. their symbiotic role will be encouraged based on complementary role of both in the effective diffusion of information. The modern agriculture during last 30 years has further demanded for technology development specific to the agroclimate. In view of the changing scenario the technologies have been made specific to the agroclimatic and farming situations of individual farmer. consultations and frequent interaction with the farm scientists. availability of water and other natural resources. Since adoption of a new technology is essentially a decision making process. which requires analysis of the situation and resources. The soil fertility. considering vast demand of information for need-based research we are still at the infancy stage. This information demand has to be further tailored with satellite information system. This is also important in view of the fact that the village-level extension workers have also no easy access to mass media/agricultural research stations/agricultural universities. social and economic situations have undergone drastic change during last 30–35 years of intensive cropping. Moreover. Adoption of Computer-aided Information Technology The technological development in agriculture has given birth to several complications due to single effort on maximizing production. Some efforts and success have been made in this direction. animals and soils.technology has to be supplemented with non-farm technologies. The benefit of these vocationspecific technologies should reach the farmers and extension workers as quickly as possible. for which suitable extension strategy need to be developed. it is desirable that each agricultural university should have some fixed hours for broadcasting/telecasting technical programmes for the benefit of the farmers. Due to this reason only as many as 30 state agricultural universities and 28 National Research Centres have been established.com . This again requires a multi-media approach and vocational education in agriculture and allied fields. As such. will have to be given priority for self-employment. Effective linkage between Electronic Media and Agriculture Universities The agriculture since the time immemorial has been subjected to the local environment. soils. However. it has already well-equipped studio and other facilities including staff for programme production from radio/TV stations. like other fields of technical education. the selectivity of information and technologies in agriculture and making specific recommendation has come up as a major challenge before the farm scientists.fineprint. To overcome this situation computer-aided information technology will get the prime importance. so that the instant benefit of the scientific information could be available to the scientists and extension officials. Since neither extension education nor communication centre will be effective in isolation hence.
This in fact is a very big task. Extension education requires coordinated and integrated effort The University extension system due to limited staff and funds at its disposal can’t have impact on technological development for the entire state of Uttaranchal. In view of the high credibility. To evolve suitable strategies based on this foundation a comprehensive documentation of indigenous technologies/agriculture over the centuries is required. Most appropriately. it should be done by establishing a Krishi Sangrahalaya in which the agricultural heritage will be presented in a comprehensive way for information. experiences. Realising this need. This can be possible better through application of modern printing technologies. practices. which may be of immediate utility for the peasants and the students. systems.com . The sustainability does not mean limiting or raising agricultural production but also cope-up efficient utilization of available resources including manpower thereby ensuring more employment/self-employment for the people through combination of modern agriculture with traditional agricultural system. Modernizing Printing Unit Print media is the prime necessity for technology transfer and school education. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. technologies. practices.decades and with localization of electronic media. Realizing this need the University plans to reach thousands of villages at low cost using multimedia approach at each centre in the village so that millions of farmers could be benefited in their village itself without wasting time and money.fineprint.M. However. information. it would be a high time for the University to have one TV Station at Pantnagar and one F. Publication and Communication Directorate will be integrated and pooled together as all these units are inter-dependent on each other. The same building may have the appropriate space for establishment of Kisan Sangrahalaya-cum-documentation centre on indigenous technologies/practices. the existing letterpress printing system will be modernized through offset printing technology. etc. The students as well as farmers need to be provided with problem-oriented small literature. Broadcasting Station at all the districts of Uttaranchal so that KVKs may be made more effective and dynamic in their role in modernization of agriculture. The coordinated efforts of the line departments together with service agencies and NGOs and similar other agencies or departments will ensure integrated role in development of the clientele and adoption of new technologies. etc. Documentation of Traditional Agriculture and Indigenous Technologies through Establishment of Krishi-Sangrahalaya There is hardly any need to emphasize the importance of indigenous technologies and traditional agricultural systems with reference to attaining sustainability in agricultural production. Construction of a Separate Building For providing specialized media facilities it is essential that these should be centrally located for effective service to all the units of the colleges and also to develop an appropriate infrastructure with specialized facilities and equipment for catering variety of services to these units/colleges. considering the threats of new agriculture it would be desirable to put our priorities on pooling the past information. systems. Service through Information Shops Creating awareness of the information storage and retrieval system and making need-based information/technologies available to the farmers at their doorsteps is the need of the day. in a systematic manner so that different fields of agriculture and allied subjects may be benefited for evolving research strategies in the endeavour of search for new technologies for new generation and new agriculture. The services of Press. repeated use and reference value the print media still dominates in education and technology transfer. education and documentation of the technologies.
is itself an asset for the Uttaranchal state and the Government of India. • With new research and extension responsibility the University has greater scope to initiate and coordinate research projects with other SAUs/institutions of ICAR and secure greater integration for effective technology generation and dissemination. The University has several distinctive features in all the three programmes.fineprint. managerial and communication skills. marketing. well equipped research centres and laboratory facilities for basic and applied research and higher education in agriculture. SWOT Analysis Through sustained efforts during the last 40 years this university has been applauded for a significant and a far-reaching impact on agricultural education. These departments may further be upgraded as College/institute/school depending upon the need and scope of their development. No doubt. social. has grown as a township of about 40. Strength • The setting of this University in a pollution-free environment representing the green belt of the Tarai region. veterinary sciences.help groups and special interest groups for promoting on-farm and off-farm activities is the key to success under these situations. • The courses and curricula of the undergraduate and post-graduate programmes in different faculties and dynamic approach for needful revision as and when required provides a solid background for all-round development of the students. The University. cooperation and support can be secured for further development of this university. self. life at Pantnagar during the early days was full of problems and difficulties but as the work culture and discipline has put the University on the top. • The University has established a good reputation among national and international centres of agricultural education and research. • Our major strength comes through highly qualified and experienced scientists.Development of small and marginal holdings of Uttaranchal is feasible largely through cooperative efforts of farmers in arranging input. technology.000 residents and has all the amenities and facilities which are rare in other campuses. storage. not only by its birth but also by its contributions and rewards. as evidenced by various international collaborative research programmes and posting of its alumni in various responsible positions in national/international organizations. The notable achievements in education have been substantiated by students placement in private and public sector organizations of national and international repute. forestry. At this juncture it is essential to review and analyze our strengths. home science and other allied subjects. has above 10 acre land for seed production which is a great asset to earn a name in the service of farmers. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. etc. Motivation of farmers. no doubt. Farm women’s role as female agricultural extension worker will be supreme. weaknesses and opportunities so that we may herald a faster growth in the next 20 years and fulfill the aspirations and expectations of the people of Uttaranchal. • Each college has got some highly specialized. A comparison of the present with the early sixties gives us great satisfaction in terms of its all-round development and in the dynamic world we are well equipped to venture to take on the new responsibility of agricultural development in Uttaranchal.com . research and extension. fishery. Hence identifying and training women will be essential to equip them with technology. transportation. Their strength. where receptivity of farmers is very high. • The University in addition to pollution free environment and well extended research centres. well-developed and equipped departments and also has experience of serving as Centre of Advanced Studies.
• There is also a lack of appropriate priority setting at the University level which leads to duplicity of research and infrastructure development. depleting resources and many other adversities.Weaknesses • Our graduates are inclined towards job searching in spite of opportunities to earn equal or more through self-employment. Unfortunately. the profit from agriculture and allied sectors is not secured due to frequent and uncontrollable natural disasters. maintenance and renovation of buildings is also a major problem. extension personnel and farmers has also been poor.com . • During the last three decades in the race to earn more there has been an unbalanced production of crops. • Research on socio-economic and policy aspects has also not received due attention. • Linkage among research scientists. vegetables and poultry products causing their glut or scarcity in the market. We do not have priority and programmes on disaster management. • There is a lack of sufficient funds for renovation and modernization of the laboratories which were established nearly four decades ago. unabated growing pollution. Due to this exceptional situation it is likely to provide disease/pest resistant varieties of different crops/vegetables. • The main campus being located in the Tarai region. • The University scientists have succeeded in evolving technologies for higher production but in respect of quality improvement they are lagging behind. collaborative research. there are ample opportunities for high demand of new products. their number is going down day by day.fineprint. greater receptivity for modernization of agriculture among farmers and high investment. • The Uttaranchal State has predominance of subsistence agriculture and much has not been achieved/done on the research front for small and marginal farmers as also for rainfed agriculture. • It is felt that we have not made a desired progress in basic and strategic research which is essential for advancement of science. The scientists have to prepare themselves to overcome these problems and new challenges need to be faced in the twenty-first century through new research strategies and action plans. • Despite development of production technologies. • There is already a growing awareness about the hazards the Indian agriculture is likely to face in the next century on account of stagnation in yield. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Lack of strong linkage with the line departments of the state and other universities has also resulted in the multiplicity of isolated research efforts and the lack of synergy. Repair. is considered as a hot spot to test crop varieties against the pests and diseases. • The University is poised for development of agriculture and related industry in conformity with the norms and standards set by WTO which is only possible if we have a requisite number of scientists. continuous use of chemicals and pesticides with harmful residues. staff training and management issues is not sufficient to meet new challenges of the next 20 years. Similarly there are a growing demands for highly trained manpower in specialized subjects. • The University has procured several costly equipments in the past most of which have gone out of order. • Lack of resources for diagnostic surveys has been one of the shortcomings in our research efforts. For want of their substitution or repair the research programmes suffer. • The institutional linkage to strengthen human resource development. Similarly to ensure nutrition security and sustainability in agricultural production very little has been done. Opportunities • With the globalization of markets. Water leakage during rainy season may spoil sophisticated air-conditioned labs. This has resulted in slow pace of technology transfer.
fruits. Hence. biotechnology.com . Threats • Due to ever increasing population. the University scientists will now have many new challenging areas for new research projects. • With the dominance of the industrial sector and a handful of influentials there is a continuous threat to agriculture being affected with effluents and pollutants which will prove hazardous to crops. Due to globalization of agriculture new areas have emerged for production. The agricultural technology information is another potential area which can be catered/disseminated effectively through computer and internet services. with the membership of India in the World Trade Organization and globalization of agriculture. Uttaranchal will be no exception to this problem. • The development of difficult areas like the hills requires dedication and missionary spirit contrary to the existing environment and life style of the scientists and staff where every one wants to move towards urban/city areas in the plains. etc. New areas in every field. energy management. growing urbanization. new research centres will have to be created which requires sufficient funds and hardwork. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. farmers and industries to move towards prosperity and self-employment in the agricultural sector. egg. As a result. In the absence of the requisite facilities the scientists will have to work in cooperation with farmers for testing and verification of technologies developed by them. marketing. processing related to crops. Thus we have got the greatest opportunity for bio-diversity conservation with the help of this centre. trees. the work suffers in different ways. veterinary science. About 17 million ha land in this country is lying waste and can be utilized for agriculture after its reclamation. The progress and growth demands for future research in these areas. animals and human health. fish. • The University does not have well equipped laboratories and infrastructures at its outreach research stations in the hill and Tarai region which are essential for conducting locationspecific research. Hence. pollution of air and water and excessive industrial effluents the Indian Agriculture is likely to be adversely affected in the 21st century. As said earlier.fineprint. processing and services sector. The cropping intensity in irrigated as well as rainfed areas is very low which can be doubled using irrigation and other infrastructure in agriculture. technology and other disciplines will be emerging to be tackled through long-term research in soil and water management. This provides an opportunity to the scientists to work in an integrated manner and raise production and employment opportunities. be it agriculture. The diversification of agriculture will provide plenty of opportunities to the scientists. home science. it would be necessary to create new disciplines and assign many new research projects to solve the aforesaid problems for which the University scientists will face many challenges and constraints. • For commercialization of agriculture in the hills huge investment and capital is required which is beyond the reach of the farmers residing in these areas. milk. collection and testing of maximum germplasms available in this region specially the Himalayan region which is supposed to be richer in biodiversity having many species of plants and animals not found elsewhere.• • • • • • • • The Pantnagar Centre For Plant Genetic Resources is likely to start functioning in the next few months which will be helpful in screening. meat. which require continuous research.
• Evolving superior quality hybrids with high yield and pest/disease resistance in vegetable crops.com . Hence. sugarcane. oilseeds. cloning and characterization of important plant genes leading to improvement of major crops for different agro-ecosystems in cereals. composites. Greater emphasis is being placed on bridging the existing gap through need-based budget allocation for new activities and programmes in each college and unit of the University. their programmes and activities so as to meet the requirements of the future. New departments and units will be started with additional resources and funds from the State Government and the ICAR. Conventional Breeding • Breeding for improved pure lines. Alternaria and white rust in Brassica juncea. • Development of short duration hybrids of pigeonpea for north Indian conditions. Genetic transformation • Isolation. sugarcane.fineprint. While formulating the perspective plan thrust was laid on upgradation of the existing units. The newly created State has to arrange its priorities of development which will also affect the programmes of the University. pulses. College of Agriculture The College of Agriculture has a glorious record of outstanding research and technology development during the last 40 years. Research Perspective in Agriculture Keeping in mind the priorities of the nation/state the following programmes and subprogrammes have been identified: Crop Improvement and Genetic Engineering Heterosis Breeding • Apomixis in hybrid seed production to enhance the availability of inexpensive hybrid seed to the farmers. etc. • Development of high yielding hybrids of rapeseed mustard with resistance to aphids. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. vegetables. • Development of hybrids for high productivity and grain quality to accelerate the export of scented/Basmati rice. oilseeds. flowers and fruits to continue. vegetables. of major crops for different agro-ecosystems in cereals. • Development of hybrids for high productivity. • Development of short-duration single-cross hybrids. flowers and fruits to continue. enough room has been provided to maintain its national character and also to meet the expectations of the newly created State. • Exploitation of molecular basis for male sterility and fertility restoration to hasten the pace of development of hybrids. pulses.Perspective Plan The perspective plan for the next 20 years has been propounded considering issues and strategies for the sustained growth and development of each discipline/faculty of the University. open pollinated varieties. Breeding for Quality • Breeding for quality in selected crops such as grain quality of bread and durum wheat and identification of superior genotypes for improvement of baking and cooking quality in cereals particularly wheat and rice. It has also been a pioneer in undergraduate and postgraduate education as well as in transfer of technology.
quality. adaptability and resistance to major biotic and abiotic stresses. white rust and aphids in Brassica. packing and storage of fresh horticultural produce. Horticultural crops • Standardization and development of appropriate root stalks of mango/citrus/guava/pome and stone fruits for better adopted root system and high density orcharding. alternaria. • Development of suitable environmental control systems for polyhouses. Breeding for abiotic stresses • Breeding for abiotic stresses like drought. • Disease control including IPM under protected environment. • Cataloguing of promising genetic stalks • Inventory of temperate fruit germplasm of Himalayas. Identification of genes and development of transgenics for improvement of nutritional quality in cereals. • Identification of genotypes tolerant to insect/pest damage during post harvest. • Physiological changes during handling. • Development of package of practices for protected horticulture. salinity. bacterial leaf blight in rice. vigour and genetic purity. • Revolutionizing the concept of seed village. • Breeding for resistance to rusts.com . • Plant growth hormones and their use in horticultural crops. conservation and evaluation in mandate crops • Identification of traits governing yield. Protected horticulture • Screening and development of appropriate protected environment and structures. pulses and banana. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. temperature and waterlogging. To enrich Anthocyanin content in vegetables.• • • • Quality improvement in pulses. • Increased availability of seeds of hybrids. • Improvement of seed production/ propagation technology of horticultural/ vegetable crops. • Seed quality evaluation. • Genetic engineering for stress tolerance. • Development of pathogen resistant transgenics and identification of biocontrol agents. • Identification and development of promising genotypes for higher water-use efficiency. • Advanced studies on plant growth regulation in relation to crop productivity. • Crop improvement and rapid propagation techniques. • Basic research on host–pathogen interaction to improve understanding of the mechanism of pathogenicity. • Preservation of fruits and vegetables by food additives and fermentation. pod borer in pigeonpea and fusarium wilt in chickpea.fineprint. Breeding for biotic stresses • Genetic engineering for disease and insect pest resistance. Germplasm collection. Seed production and quality management • Improvement of hybrid seed technology in field crops particularly in rice and single cross maize. Breeding for canola (‘O’ and ‘OO’) types rapeseed-mustard. • Seed treatment including coating and plating for enhanced field emergence and crop vigour. foliar blights and karnal bunt in wheat. maintenance and enhancement for improved germination.
• Utilization of honey production potential. agricultural and industrial wastes in relation to crop production and development of scientific compost technology. • Development of low-cost technology for small and marginal farmers. • Identification of efficient strains/biological nitrogen fixers. • Developing appropriate technology for watersheds in the hilly areas. • Management of rice–wheat cropping system. • Development of improved technology for rain water management.Floriculture • Development of export-quality roses/bulbous plants and other flowers. water. • Development of improved management techniques. phosphate solubilizing microorganisms and nutrient mobilizing mycorrhizae. Resource Management and Farming Systems Soil Health Care and Management • Development of diagnostic tools for monitoring organic matter turnover. • Quality retention and increased shelf-life of flowers. Agroforestry • Tree improvement in Poplar. • Crop modelling simulation techniques for important crops for improved crop productivity. • Generation of data base and assessment of soil. Salix. • On-farm water management. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. • Determination of water requirements of horticultural crops under micro-irrigation system. • Crop production forecasting for policy planning. • Development of appropriate cropping system under resource constraints. • Management of agroforestry systems. Kadamb and Mundani.fineprint. • Eco-friendly integrated plant nutrient management systems for sustainable crop yield in different crops and cropping systems. Sheesham. Mushroom • Identification of new high-yielding strains. • Management of degraded lands. Apiculture • Role assessment of honey bees in hybrid seed production. • Development of soil health indices for sustainable crop production and cropping systems management. • Identification and characterization of genotypes for efficient nutrient uptake. • Development of efficient crop residue recycling technique. • Studies on nutrient dynamics in soil and plant for efficient utilization of plant nutrients and development of nutrient uptake models. Water Resource Management • Studies on soil. • Impact of global climatic change on agro-ecosystem. • Processing and fortification of agricultural residues and their utilization. • Production of bio-fertilizers to reduce the use of chemical fertilizer. water and nutrient dynamics for improved water and nutrient use efficiency and water balance studies. • Assessment and utilization of municipal. • Crop management technology under limited water supply. utilization and enhanced soil nutrient availability. climate and crop resources using remote sensing and GIS techniques.com .
• Integrated weed management. • Management of Phalaris minor in wheat. apiculture. • Establishment of mobile plant disease clinic. packaging and storage of food products and horticultural produce.Sericulture • Enhancing production potential of Mulberry silk worm. advanced techniques in plant pathology and molecular basis of host pathogen interaction in plant pathology • Soil and water conservation. New courses and advanced training programmes will be launched in order to develop the required manpower to meet the fast expanding private industry and also for promotion of entrepreneurship. • Integrated pest management. • Advanced genetics. • Introduction of silk worm in newer areas. • Development of residue free IPM in vegetable production. Plant protection • Host–pathogen interaction studies. IPM. crop residue management. • Dehydration. bio-fertilizers. Updating and strengthening undergraduate and post-graduate educational programme will cover. • Development of forecasting modules for major diseases. cultural and chemical practices and use of biocontrol. • Integrated plant disease management and introductory nematology (UG). • Development of integrated disease management modules and strategy involving genetic resistance.g. crop modelling and simulation techniques and biometrical techniques in Plant Breeding. chromosomal manipulation techniques. • Fruits and vegetable product development to suit the requirement of domestic and export markets. molecular techniques in plant breeding. • Refinement and adoption of bio-intensive IPM for rice. • Development of diagnostic technique for efficient disease management. seed production technology. diagnosis of plant diseases. • Developing ways and means of augmenting feed resources and improving their utilization. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Food and Nutrition • Preservation of fruits and vegetable slices and juices by adding food additives and fermentation. Animal Sciences • Development of cattle breeds which could make effective use of available feed resources. advanced virology. Human Resource Development The college will continue to perform the important role in the development of trained manpower in various fields of agricultural sciences.fineprint. mushroom. plant nutrient deficiency. • Development of fruit products having medicinal value.com . • Studies on weather–disease–pest dynamics and forecasting. • Developing livestock production systems for different size of farms in the mixed farming system. watershed management in Agronomy • Training in frontier areas e. • Studies on residue management of agro-chemicals. • To develop low-cost technologies for value addition. agricultural communication. advanced cytology and cytogenetics. • Developing low-cost animal management systems.
Exploitation of local herbs and medicinal plants for cheaper and safe indigenous drugs. production and disease resistance. field efficiency and their commercial value.com . Quality improvement through supplementation and complementation of minerals and vitamins. determination of appropriate doses. Crossbreeding for upgrading non-descript cattle with improved Indian breeds and introducing exotic germplasm in milk shed areas with abundant feed and fodder resources. Considering the above basic framework the priority areas of the college are presented below: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Strengthening of disease reporting system and diagnostic laboratories for establishing a reliable disease data bank. slides and computer programmes College of Veterinary Sciences With implementation of directives and guidelines of the Veterinary Council of India the College of Veterinary Sciences has already introduced substantial changes in terms of syllabus. Genetic evaluation of local breeds of cattle. animal shelter engineering studies. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.V. culling of low productive or unproductive animals. • Post doctoral training. horticulture. Research on integrated crop–husbandry farming and recycling of animal wastes. Development of quick and reliable diagnostic kits using new technologies for important diseases and their upgradation to cost-effective industrial processes for mass production. lab-manuals and A. research and extension programmes. Male buffalo calf-rearing. • Facilitation study tour for faculty members.• Establishment of the Centres of advanced studies. the college has also visualized its role to identify weaknesses and priority areas in improvement of the veterinary sector and to overcome the problems through timely advice to the State Government and also to offer periodical and inservice training to the veterinary professionals. infrastructure. Appropriate management practice for sound animal health and intensive farmer awareness programme. poultry. etc. side effects. buffalo. course duration. Embryo transfer technology. Research on integrated approach for the control of livestock and poultry diseases. • Production of teaching aids including video technology. While formulating the strategy for the next 20 years. • Training in latest methodologies of teaching communication skills and production of text books. examination etc. induced lactation and deep frozen semen technologies for genetic improvement. alternative meat sources from non-conventional meat animals. aids including video tapes. These changes will be made effective to ensure balanced growth of this discipline through teaching. Research Priorities In the next 20 years the college will concentrate its efforts on an allround improvement of livestock so that it may prove to be a backbone of the rural economy. It will work on issues and areas which can be helpful to integrate livestock production with crops. departments. detoxification and removal of anti-nutritional factors for new feed development. Modernization of slaughter house and technology optimization for quality improvement. sheep and goat and their growth. fodder and soil treatments and suggesting remedial measures. Exploration of non-conventional feeds. • Collaboration with advanced educational and research centres at national and international level. Identification of toxic chemicals and heavy metals contaminating feed.fineprint. fishery.
Establishment of Centre of history of Veterinary Science. Faculty Upgradation. use of non-conventional low-cost ingredients. and development of equestrian facilities. Incorporation of Yogic philosophy in veterinary education. 5. Declaration of Veterinary Hospitals of Rudrapur. Proper attention will be paid to emerging areas. new postgraduate programmes in the following disciplines will also be started : Development of M. Modernization of laboratories for upstream research. The veterinary graduates with good academic record will have lucrative fellowships for post-graduate studies. equines for practical training of students and farmers. To keep pace with the latest developments. by-products utilization. biotechnological innovation for novel product development. Other spheres of human resource development in veterinary sciences will include.D. 3.Associating 3–4 nearby veterinary hospitals as veterinary teaching hospitals . Besides. New PG Diploma Programme 1. Livestock Products Technology.Upgrading college Animal Clinic as veterinary polyclinic . well-equipped laboratories and strong infrastructural facilities shall continue to be the thrust area of the college which will be reinforced through. degree programmes in Veterinary Economics and Dairy Technology. . sheep. need-based curriculum. goats. degree programmes in Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine. Installation of a walky-talky system in ambulatory van of the college. College of Technology The College is poised to expand its activities of teaching. New Training Programme for teachers 1. Starting of Remount and Veterinary Corps (RVC) N. Development of Veterinary Instructional Technology for training of teachers and veterinarians. . periodicals etc.Sc.D. books.C. Human Resource Development Improvement in quality of instruction through qualified faculty.V.Expansion of building/space for undergraduate and post-graduate studies . Kichha and Haldwani as teaching hospitals to improve facilities of disease diagnosis and treatment. research and technology transfer in the next 20 years. Creation of New Departments : The College will soon add a new department of Dairy Technology.fineprint. The technology transfer and consultancy activities will be further strengthened. and Ph. rabbits. New educational programmes at undergraduate and postgraduate levels will be given emphasis for which certain specialized training centres will be established. A summary of the vision 2020 of the College of Technology is given below.C. The participation of the industries in research activities will be expedited.Strengthening of laboratories. The research directions will be appropriately reset as per the requirements of the future. 2.• Process optimization and diversification.Strengthening of college library with need based facilities. it is essential to upgrade the faculty through 3–6 month training in developed countries/specialized laboratories. Development of National Diploma Programmes in all those areas which will be identified and agreed upon by the VCI.Developing instructional farms for pigs. Livestock Production and Management. Poultry Science and Veterinary Extension.com . Development of PG Diploma Programme in Wild Life Management 2. 4. Development of Ph. New Educational Facilities 1. 6. Provision of sending 3–4 faculty members every year will be made. . PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.
Tech. Digital Communication Engineering. viz. Starting new M. slide projector. Agro-electronics shall be started.com . Food Biotech Engineering. Information Technology Management. viz.Starting new B. Satellite Communication Engineering Image Processing and Remote Sensing. Microwave and Radar Engineering. Farm Power and Energy Management. Diversification of Elective Package for B. in different disciplines of agricultural engineering shall be started.Tech. Geotechnical Engineering/Soil Mechanics.Tech. it has become necessary to enhance the speed of coverage of courses in the class-room and to make the communication more effective. Centre of Advanced Studies in Irrigation Water Management Engineering. film projector and multi media systems would be introduced to modernize the teaching programmes in the class-rooms. it is envisioned that no engineer would be able to perform his task without adequate knowledge and use of computers.Tech. Programmes The College strives to introduce new programmes leading to M. Computer Orientation of Teaching With the explosion of knowledge in information technology and computer applications. B. Digital Electronics. viz. Research Focus for 2020 Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering • • • • • • Reduced and precision tillage Rice cultivation machinery Root crop cultivation machinery Sugarcane cultivation machinery Development of cultivation machinery for subsoil cultivation and management Development of biogas technology for low temperature conditions PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. different Electronics. Therefore. Bio-Electronics. Centre of Advanced Studies in Food Biotech Engineering. Audio visuals like overhead projector. Promoting Use of AV Aids in Classrooms In view of faster developments in knowledge in different subjects. Communication and Control Engineering. Watershed Management Engineering.D.Tech.D. Constructional Technology and Management. Programmes The College will introduce new programmes leading to Ph. Establishment of Centre of Advanced Studies The College envisages to establish the following Centres of Advanced Studies : 1. 2. the entire education at UG and PG level will be computer oriented and efforts would be made to maximize the use of the computers in each course.fineprint. Information Technology and Computer Science.Tech. Optical Fibre Communication. Electronic System Modelling and Computing. Communication and Networking. The number of elective courses will also be increased appropriately. degrees in areas. Electronics and Instrumentation. undergraduate programmes leading to the degree of B. In addition to these. Environmental Engineering. Foundation Engineering. Agro-electronics and Instrumentation. Programmes The elective courses at undergraduate level shall be expanded to impart the latest knowledge to students regarding developments in various specializations. Water Resources Development and Management Engineering. degrees in the areas. Programmes Depending on the needs. programmes in other branches of engineering. Farm Machinery. Agricultural Environmental Engineering. Bio-electronics. Fuzzy Logic. Starting new Ph.
com . technology and equipments for fruits and vegetables products. mathematical and computer stipulated techniques in irrigation drainage and ground water Micro-irrigation and sprinkler irrigation studies Application of remote sensing and GIS in water resources planning Performance studies of canal irrigation distribution and equity Surface and underground water conveyance systems for irrigation water On-farm water management studies in canal commands Design and development of aquacultural farms Department of Post Harvest Process and Food Engineering • Developments of process. analysis and interpretation of hydrometeorological data Design of surface and subsurface drainage system for reclaiming waterlogged and saline soils Design of water lifting devices and various types of pumps Conjuctive use and pollution studies of surface and ground waters Water resource planning and development Application of physical. orchard and tall trees sprayer especially for application of biopesticides Development of alternate sources of energy Mechanization of hill agriculture Development of equipment for injection of slurry and deep placements of fertilizers Agricultural residue and waste management Ergonomics and safety in hill agriculture especially for women farmers Development and use of alternate fuels for use in engines Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Emphasis will be on the application of engineering principles in the following : • • • • • • • • • • • • Collection.fineprint. • Application of biotech engineering to food processing • Food packaging • Newer approaches to milling technology • By-product and waste management • Energy management in food industry • Seed processing • Strengthening basic research in food process • Fish processing • Controlled atmosphere storage (CAS) and modified atmosphere storage (MAS) • Honey processing • Chemical-free food preservation system • Newer approaches to milling technology • By-product management in food industry • Energy management in food industry • Environmental and pollution control • Tea processing Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering • Watershed management through remote sensing techniques PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.• • • • • • • • • Mechanization of horticultural and vegetable crops Mechanization of floriculture Development of high crop.
Down Stream Processing. Infrastructure Development The infrastructure will have to be considerably strengthened by establishing new laboratories in different departments. management and society in a synergistic way.• • • • Techniques for evaluation of effects of soil conservation measures on watersheds Pollution problems of water resources of a watershed Reclamation of waste lands Inexpensive. Business Communication. College of Basic Sciences and Humanities In its perspective vision. technology. Under human resource development programme of the college in next 20 years special attention will be on : • Providing skills to the students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels so as to work with rural women for women empowerment. Packaging. Drainage Engineering. constructions/modernization of seminar rooms and classrooms and additional manpower recruitment. (4) Community Planning and Resource Management and (5) Energy and Material Sciences. This would permit programme mode research in identified critical gap areas. Water Resources Engineering. research and technology transfer activities in future. The existing seminar rooms/classrooms shall be modernized and new seminar rooms/classrooms shall be developed to meet the growing requirements of the College. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. HRD and Research Perspectives The College envisages reorganizing and reorienting the teaching and research efforts in biological and physical sciences. The Departments would be reorganized as thematic schools of (1) Modern Biology and Biotechnology (2) Bioresource and Environment. technical and administrative staff in addition to the existing manpower. Aquaculture Engineering. that would be able to discover new scientific base for technology development and the other that would plan and prepare policies which would ensure that fruits of rapid scientific and economic progress foreseen in the 21st century reach common people in an equitable way and the social upheavals witnessed in the 20th century are avoided. College visualizes the need to develop two types of manpower– One. Oilseed Processing.com . The Department of Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering will have laboratories of Drying Technology. College of Home Science The vision 2020 of home science education at this university is focussed on equal opportunities for male and female students. The faculty of the College will have to be strengthened for meeting the challenges of education. The College would require a good number of teaching.fineprint. emphasis on vocational education. Well-planned post-graduate programmes in Development Sociology. (3) Computational Science and Information Technology. Environmental Engineering. Information Technology and Community Resource Management would need to be put in place to develop science. Field research / Demonstration Laboratory and Computer Aided Soil and Water Conservation Laboratory will be established in the Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. priority for private sector jobs and more emphasis on allied activities so as to train them as professionals in this discipline. In the Department of Farm Machinery and Drainage Engineering new laboratories of Remote Sensing Application. people-friendly soil and water conservation measures and structures. Fruits and Vegetables Processing and Food Equipment Testing. Computer Simulation and Micro-Irrigation Systems will be established.
garment making. Establishing linkage of Home Science College with NGOs. • Problems and difficulties faced by rural women. facilities and supporting staff will be required to make classroom teaching more effective. Well equipped laboratories are the need of the times. More laboratories. for the functionaries of the development departments. ceramics pottery units and agro-based units like mushroom production. apiculture. Research Perspective in Home Science Home Science being a service-oriented profession aims to improve the quality of home and family life. governmental institutions involved in development and welfare of families. Designing course curriculum and strategies for starting distance education in various specific subjects for school drop outs. Family Life Education/Counselling. Renovating. To contribute to the development of family life. household management. Rural Technology Dissemination Centre. poultry. Provision of gallery space to display the skills learnt and to develop interaction with commercial setups would be essential to commercialize the skills and products. small scale food processing units. Establishing within a five year. Food quality evaluation and certification laboratories. angora rabbit will also be added to it. apparel designing. equipment. Strengthening and Development of Infrastructure Facilities Modernization of classrooms with better equipment. Provision of visiting professor and guest lectures by eminent personalities in all areas would also be added. Counselling centres giving support system to special child. a Nutrition Counselling Cell. diet related diseases. various audio visual aids in current use and provision for continuous water and electricity supply will improve curriculum delivery. Mobilizing resources to influence public policy. Establishing a placement cell at the College of Home Science. taking into account the rapidly changing structure and function of the rural households. To prepare graduates and post-graduates through Home Science Education to be reflective. Facilities for improvement in transportation will facilitate out of reach programmes especially in research and community work. sericulture. furnishing and tapestry. private sector undertakings. • Leadership role among women for facilitating women participation in development. • Creche development management of children centres. On line counselling for people and students is envisaged in the next 15-20 years. family relations.• • • • • • • • • • • providing grassroot. • Role of women in production and community management. Child Guidance and Counselling.fineprint. actively thoughtful and explicit in their values. • Problems and difficulties of working women. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www.com . interior designing. home science research programme for the century will be made innovative and relevant. research and extension. textile. equipping and establishing infrastructure facilities in commensurate with the goals set for the next 20 years. Some salient areas of research are listed below: • Emphasis on rural women and women empowerment devices. • Indigenous food production systems. fitness and sports. beliefs and multifaceted framework of teaching. etc. Child Development and Care Laboratory. Use of computers and information technologies will improve networking and interaction with national and international scientists. Restructuring Home Science Curriculum by incorporating a course on women based income generating activities and entrepreneurship development with adequate provision for practical training selected areas of students and women’s interest in various units like faction technology. middle-level and higher-level training courses in the areas of food processing.
culture. • Capsule courses for teachers/trainers/ farmers/entrepreneurs will be developed and organized to upgrade their knowledge and professional skill. processing. Potential areas for participation in the income generating activities. thereby gearing fishery education programmes to produce the required manpower.R. Women development and training for greater participation in production. process and formulate comprehensive data on all aspects of inland fisheries and maintain the same in the form of data bank. CIFRI (Reservoir fisheries) and States Fisheries Departments ( for supply of quality fish seed to fish farmers and stocking of reservoirs and lakes with fish seed). To execute the existing as well as proposed programmes in future. Technological empowerment of women.fineprint. The centre will collect. • The introduction of specialized programmes in Fishery Hydrography. fishery biotechnology laboratory. modernization of laboratories and field facilities and creation of new units like fish seed production unit. at the MFSc and PhD levels are envisaged to meet the growing professional manpower needs in fisheries sector. consumption and decision making. • The technological developments in various disciplines of fisheries viz.Development of innovative aquaculture PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. The following H. The information will be of use for all the concerned Institutes/Agencies/Departments.Development of sustainable aquaculture systems . compile. seed production. The research areas identified for the purpose are given below: .Development of cheap and efficient fish feed . encourage partnership roles and sharing of efforts and benefits of researches. research and development as well as for industry in private and public sectors in fisheries will be assessed.com .Designing of efficient hatcheries and improving farm engineering . International collaboration with ICLARM and NACA will also be required . will be incorporated periodically. Drudgery of women in rural areas. Fishery Biotechnology.. • The College proposes to lay more emphasis on applied research leading to generation of technology in frontier areas of fishery science. programmes will be taken up during the next 20 years. Fish Nutrition and Feed Technology. • The programme aims to set up an Informatics Centre on inland fisheries to cater to the requirements of North Indian states. etc. Fish Processing Technology. fish feed formulation and processing unit and fishery engineering laboratories will be taken up. The college has identified the following priority areas under vision 2020.Captive broodstock development and production of quality fish seed . Its requirement for teaching. resource management. • The collaborative programmes will be carried out with Institutes like NRCCWF ( Cold water fisheries).• • • • • • • • Food processing and nutrition management Food and nutrition for children. CIFA (Freshwater Aquaculture). microbiology and fish disease laboratory. NBFGR (Fish Genetics Research).D. Research Perspectives The research agenda of the College for the coming years will include a major component of collaborative research endeavours to avoid duplication of research efforts. youth and adults in the family. Social and political role of women in contemporary society. College of Fishery Sciences Human Resource Development The development of fishery sector requires a strong force of professionally trained manpower. fishery engineering etc. Operational research related to social policy and demography. Fish Pathology.
PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. The new undergraduate programmes will focuss on development of horticulture in hills. classrooms. hospital. Land Resource Management.Isolation.Development of catfish and freshwater prawn culture technologies . productivity management and limnology of major aquatic ecosystem Pollution control and waste management .Nutrient dynamics. Post-harvesting Technologies in Horticulture.. handling and transportation. Forestry Extension and Industrial Forestry • Strengthening of Infrastructure: The new college and its envisaged programmes will need a composite infrastructure in terms of residences. and resource generation to meet the recurring expenses and the salary of the staff through envisaged activities of these centers will be taken up on priority. fish spoilage. Production. Hence the first and foremost priority of this college will be to recruit staff trained in specialized areas in the above four centres. fish waste utilization and quality control College of Agri Business Management The College has established four centres for teaching. The College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture will have to play the most important role in development of agriculture in the hill region in the next 20-25 years in view of the fact that its location and subject are related and the activities can be dovetailed to cater to the needs of this region. College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture The College of Forestry and Hill Agriculture has attained the goals of starting undergraduate and post-graduate programmes. It has also faced constraints in terms of academic staff.com . The college envisages to strengthen the academic activities through the following specific programmes: • A new college of commercial horticulture has already been started at Bharsar in Pauri district.Capture fisheries resources and management .Disease diagnosis and management . characterization and segregation of hormones . These constraints cannot be scrapped easily unless there is a commitment among the staff to stay at this campus and derive satisfaction out of hard work and enjoyment of working in the hills which are comparatively less equipped to provide facilities equivalent to those of the plains or of the main campus. Processing and Utilization of Herbal Plants. • Starting postgraduate programmes in Forestry Management. laboratories and adequate fields for practical training. labs.Genetic characterization and stock improvement . hostels and other amenities like schools. training and consultancy services : (i) Centre for Placement and Counselling (PandC) (ii) Centre for Management Development Programme (MDP) (iii) Centre for Business Management Clinic (BMC) (iv) Centre for Information Technology Management (ITM) The role and responsibility of these centres has been well defined. supporting departments.Probiotics and biofertilizers .Post-harvest technology for freshwater fish including assessment and prevention of postharvest losses. • Starting postgraduate programmes in Floriculture and Landscaping. conducting researches and implementing extension programmes in the envisaged areas. product development diversification and value addition. Their training and visits to reputed institutions in India and abroad. and Horticultural Extension.Recombinant DNA technology .Aquatic and environmental microbiology .Aquatic biodiversity and environmental impact assessment . These units have started modest programmes and activities through the academic staff/resource persons who are basically trained in their basic subjects and have dual responsibilities.fineprint. packaging.
Considering the above points the following researches will be undertaken in the next 20 years. Cultivation of vegetable crops under rainfed as well as irrigated conditions with potential to give more profit to the growers. Development of technologies for rainfed agriculture with special emphasis on pulses and oilseed crops. Research on use of plastics in agriculture for mulching. Food processing technologies of soybean. The ecology of the Himalayan region is important for the entire nation with specific reference to the Indo-Gangetic plains. Research on bio-diversity conservation. grasses and other dry fodders including wheat straw to be used as nutritive fodder for animal. Development of technologies for sesamum. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. horticulture and hill agriculture: The average holding of 0. Research on conservation and use of hay.8 ha in the hills provides a limited scope of profitable agriculture. as a subsistence agriculture it is essential for them to have agro-based income generating activities for additional income and employment. electricity and transportation. Technologies for seed production of vegetables. plastictunnels. forestry. diseases and pests of the crops. sprinkling. packaging and marketing. vegetables. disease and pest resistance. Alternative uses of land under pasture. Development of technologies for extraction of essence and oil from medicinal and aromatic plants.com . The water management through a low cost device for plant and vegetable cultivation. fruits. the conservation of forests and soils in the Himalayan region will be a precondition while formulating new researches.• - - - shopping centre. medicinal plants and cash crops. harvesting. Research priorities in forestry. Researches on high-tech horticulture for cultivation of flowers and nursery. urd. millets and under-utilized crops.fineprint. groundnut. moong. Technology development for cultivation of tea including its propagation and water management. medicine and plant breeding. green houses. Development and identification of plant species for fodder and production technology for silviculture. soybean. etc. Processing technologies of tea. The selection of species for nutritive green fodder and their cultivation practices under rainfed conditions. anti-birdnets. Therefore. hailnets and other uses in agriculture. It would be our preference to establish other extension and research centres at the vantage points to overcome the future problems of instability of staff owing to lack of such basic amenities. Development of technologies for production of horticultural. Research on development of under-utilized crops for disease and pest resistance as well as higher production and quality. Development and maintenance technologies for biogas plants using local materials and its utilization for domestic and production utilities. Development of technologies for cultivation of European vegetables including their seed production. Development of agricultural implements suitable for farm mechanization/manual operation. fruits. drip irrigation. vegetables and spices for value addition and change in the food habits for ensuring better price in the market. fruits. forestry. Development of bio-technologies for different crops. agro-forestry and horticulture for effective conservation of soil on slopy areas. Therefore. Development of technologies for organic farming related to crops. flowers and other crops on high hills. roads. Development of technologies on forecasting of weather. This includes collection and conservation of indigenous plant species useful for food. medicinal and fodder plants for high hills and alpine zone.
thesis printing. furniture. there is a plan to develop Advance Centres of Research in newly emerging areas such as. • Human resource development/faculty improvement programmes by way of higher education. Development of technologies for sericulture and apiculture. a hall equipped with coloured video screen for display through computers and other audio-visual aids is very much needed. etc will be procured. conferences. Wasteland Development. Embryo-Transfer Technology. Hence. the University has been trying to provide better teaching and research facilities but the availability of sufficient funds has been the major constraint faced by it. chemical analysis lab.G. College of Post-graduate Studies Post-graduate students will be provided well-equipped laboratory. Remote Sensing. equipment. the University will give lay emphasis on post-graduate education through computer with internet facilities as it will help students to seek recent global scientific and technological developments. Development of component technologies for organic farming. Geographic Information System.fineprint. Technology Transfer. Nutritional requirement of animals for different activities/services. training. Biotic and Abiotic Stresses. slide making. • By the year 2020. several new P. The future plan for the development of PG education is detailed as under: • To make education more effective. etc is another priority of the University to keep pace with the rapid expansion in knowledge. Control of parasites and diseases and development of vaccines for animal health. Technologies for biological decomposition of the pine leaves for compost making and other uses. programmes will be developed and some will be modified/deleted depending upon the advancement of the knowledge/technology. Biotechnology. workshops. it is essential to implement the following extension education programmes for effective information dissemination and transfer of technology: PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Also. • Modernizing classroom and laboratory facilities and some special and costly equipment such as phytotrons. the priority will be given to standardization of breeds through cross-breeding. seminars.- Research priorities for mushroom production including its processing and consumption. • Enhancement of PG research grant. The building has been constructed for this purpose but. Environment Conservation. Crop Modelling. etc. Presently extension is the least preferred and neglected programme in the agricultural development chain in the hill region. • Establishment of Technological Park to preserve and present technological growth in agriculture during the 20th century. quality control lab. For development of cattle in the hills. Perspectives for Extension Education For efficient and faster adoption of technologies a well-knit and committed programme is necessary. participation in short/long courses. Development of technology for wormi-compost and bio-fertilizer under controlled conditions. field and library facilities for their course and research work. The college plans to improve its post-graduate teaching and research facilities to keep pace with the changing scenario of hi-tech agriculture and industry. Hydroponics. Watershed Management. Although.com . etc will also be developed as a central facility. at par with the ICAR fellowship. The identification of mushroom species of medicinal and nutritional importance. • For organizing open thesis defence/group discussions. Acupuncture.
Ds. This again requires a multi-media approach and PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. and also for Government sectors. Organizing college wise institutional consultancy for private sector industries. Popularizing agricultural and development messages through mass media like radio. apiculture. The tele-text and video-text would be available to the farmers to provide day to day information. Coordination with state extension agencies will be strengthened with accountability for utilization of funds and resources in various research and extension activities. NGOs and other trainers including university scientists. seminars. research centres and at the headquarters. farm women and others through mobile exhibitions. poultry. internet and helpline services. banks. sericulture. manuals. News letters for vocational education and training.com . Development of distance education programme for rural youth and practicing farmers. Promotion of indigenous knowledge system in farm sector as well as in non-farm sector areas. value added products. conferences. Emphasis on income generating avenues like local handicrafts. C. etc. producers/growers. etc. Researches in Extension Education. Communication and Information Services To keep pace with the advancement in the information and communication technology ours is the only University in the country that has an established Communication Centre. Establishment of Trainers Training Centre for training and orientation of all KVK trainers. Promoting computer aided internet information dissemination through headquarters and KVKs to remote cases.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Establishment of more KVKs to ensure one for each district with requisite infrastructure and facilities. interaction visits. Technology assessment and refinement through participatory approach will be extended to all the commodities and all the districts in the hill region. Development of women cooperatives network for benefit of small farms and resource-poor women folk. The extension education of 21st century will be largely commodity based. Single window service centres will be established at each KVKs. Developing extension programmes based on farming systems approach. The centre proposes the following new programmes : Establishing mass media research centre The information and communication technology has changed the educational system in the country where distance education has proved beneficial for those who were not able to pursue higher education in the universities/colleges. newspapers and television. Farmer scientists interaction programme will be intensified and will be made open through mass media for greater participation.fineprint. Cable networking of all colleges and hostels to provide access to training and educational programmes in the University. etc for more income and employment. Close involvement of NGOs and farm communities/bodies through staff exchange. field staff of technical departments. Creating women training/development centres for participation and skill development in various sectors of agriculture and allied subjects. district level and state level exhibitions and fairs. Organizing mass education of farmers. rabbitary. Adoption of model village concept for integrated rural development. Linking on-farm activities with off-farm activities to provide more income and employment. Preparation of technical bulletins.
Pantnagar University headquarters and its out campuses in the hill region are ideally suited for these innovative experiences. soils food habits and several other factors. The students as well as farmers need to be provided with problem-oriented literature which may be of immediate use to them. This can be possible through application of modern printing technologies. Documentation of traditional agriculture and indigenous technologies through establishment of Krishi-Sangrahalaya There is hardly any need to emphasize the importance of indigenous technologies and traditional agricultural systems with reference to attaining sustainability in agricultural production. Since adoption of a new technology is essentially a decision making process. and tele-conferencing techniques between the farmers and related agencies can be helpful in solving emerging problems in agriculture. This is also important in view of the fact that the village level extension workers do not have easy access to mass media/agricultural research stations/agricultural universities. The soil fertility.com . In view of the high credibility. will have to be given priority for self-employment. Agriculture of the last 30 years has further required technological development specific to the agroclimate. However. considering the vast demand of information for need-based research.M. To overcome this situation computeraided information technology will get the prime importance. The benefit of these vocation-specific technologies should reach the farmers and extension workers as quickly as possible. it has a well-equipped studio and other facilities including staff for programme production from radio/TV stations. animals.vocational education in agriculture and allied fields. It’s a high time the University had one TV Station at Pantnagar and one F. consultations and frequent interactions with the farm scientists. As such. the selectivity of information and technology in agriculture and making specific recommendations has come up as a major challenge to the farm scientists. Effective linkage between electronic media and agricultural universities Agriculture since time immemorial has been subject to the local environment. In view of the changing scenario technologies have been made specific to the agroclimatic and farming situations of individual farmers. availability of water and other natural resources. Modernizing Printing unit Print media is a prime necessity for technology transfer and school education. Therefore. like other fields of technical education. repeated use of and reference value of the print media still dominates the field of education and technology transfer. culture. Due to this reason only as many as 30 state agricultural universities and 28 National Research Centres have been established. Moreover. considering importance of the transfer of technologies with relevance and consequence. Adoption of computer-aided information technology The technological development in agriculture has given birth to several complications due to its single effort to maximize production. we are still at the infancy stage. In view of the above facts it will be desirable to start the mass media research centre for the university education and non-formal education to the farmers. it is desirable that each agricultural university should have some fixed hours for broadcasting/telecasting technical programmes for the benefit of the farmers.fineprint. and also on ecological. This information demand has to be further tailored with satellite information system so as to instantly transmit information to the scientists and extension officials. residual effect of pesticides on human life. The sustainability does not mean limiting or raising agricultural production but also PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. farm women and rural youth in the rural areas. Broadcasting Station at all the districts of Uttaranchal. Realising this need the existing letter press printing will be modernized through offset printing technology. social and economic situations have undergone drastic changes during the last 30–35 years of intensive cropping. Some succesful efforts have been made in this direction. social and other prevailing situations. health hazards. which requires analysis of the situation and resources. soils.
• Yield gap analysis. • Cable networking of all colleges and hostels to provide access to training and educational programmes in the university. information. technologies. Service Through Information . • Strategy for export promotion. in a systematic manner so that the different fields of agriculture and allied subjects may be benefited for evolving research strategies in an endeavour to search for new technologies for the new generation and for new agriculture. Researches in Socio-economic Development and Policy Formulation • Micro farm planning under different farming systems.coping with efficient utilization of available resources including manpower thereby ensuring more employment/self-employment for people through the combination of modern agriculture with traditional agriculture. etc. • Economic evaluation of prospective technology • Short and long-term demand projections of commodities. • Promotion of agricultural diversification. education and documentation of the technologies. PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Construction of a Separate Building For providing specialized media facilities. Researches in Extension Education and Dissemination of Farm Information The extension education and communication departments in various colleges will concentrate research on the following: • Socio-economic and cultural dynamics in adoption of technology. systems. • Organizational strategy for commercialization of agriculture. Most appropriately. • Integrated development of village through inter-sectorial micro-level planning. • Institutional reforms and micro-planning for resource poor areas. Publication and Communication Directorate will be integrated and pooled together as all these units are inter-dependent on each other. • Media production and information packages for diversification of agriculture. experiences. • Multi-media and computer aided information technology in agriculture. • The services of Press. practices. • Strategy for enhancing resource productivity. • Participatory technology generation and management. considering the threats of new agriculture it would be desirable to put our priorities on pooling the past information. The same building may have the appropriate space for the establishment of Krishi Sangrahalaya-cumdocumentation centre on indigenous technologies/practices. practices. systems.Shops Creating awareness of the information storage and retrieval system and making need-based information/technologies available to the farmers at their doorsteps is the need of the day. This in fact is a very big task. • Feasibility of internet and websites in agriculture.fineprint. it is essential that these should be centrally located for effective service to all the units of the colleges and also to develop an appropriate infrastructure with specialized facilities and equipment for catering a variety of services to these units/colleges. • Training needs of women engaged in agriculture. etc. Realising this need the University plans to reach thousands of villages at a low cost so that millions of farmers could be benefited in their villages itself without wasting time and money. it should be done by establishing a Krishi Sangrahalaya in which the agricultural heritage will be presented in a comprehensive way for information.com . However. • Development of rural entrepreneurship. To evolve suitable strategies based on this foundation a comprehensive documentation of indigenous technologies/agriculture over the centuries is required.
PDF created with FinePrint pdfFactory trial version http://www. Policies for development of agribusiness.fineprint.com . Export development policies including infra-structure and credit requirement.• • • • Identification of potential markets for agricultural export. Promoting the role of women in sustainable agriculture.
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