National School for Political and Administrative Studies

The Diplomatic Conflict between the Republic of Moldova and Romania, January 2007- February 2008

Professor: Iulian Chifu Student: Tatiana Drăguţan Master Program: International Relations: Foreign Policy of Romania, 1st year

Bucharest -February, 2008-

Harsh statements of the Moldovan president. Moldovan identity e. The Border Treaty c. visits of the high ranking officials. Selecting the case and establishing the relevant temporal framework II. Religious issues: The Conflict between the two Metropolitan Churches h.Content: I. Romanian visas and the issue of additional consulates in the Republic of Moldova g. Main issues of the conflict and their detailed presentation a. Expulsion of the Romanian diplomats. problems at the borders i. The Framework Agreement or Basic Treaty b. Describing the historical and political background III. Declarations of unification of his Romanian counterpart d. Financing of Moldovan media or parties by Romanian authorities . Citizenship issue f.

as well as by the fact that Russia is the main provided of energy resources to Moldova and the role the Russian market plays for the Moldovan products. that is regulating the traveling regime between the two countries. from the point of view of Moldovan authorities.Stratan declared that Moldova does not need two more Romanian consulates (the ones in Cahul and Balți). 2008.Voronin argued again on the issue of the name of the official language of RM on the occasion of a conference on security issues held in Munchen on February 10. when the minister of foreign affairs and European Integration of RM A. It is also to be mentioned that it has not implied physical violence until the moment. 2007. as a consequence. V. as it was not solved yet. by the role it plays in the Transnistrian issue. what makes possible. I consider that the crisis breaks out on February 7. It is not a conflict having all the stages. . February 10.Cioroianu and Moldovan president.I. I would not refer in this paper on the role of Russia as a third actor in the triangle Romania-Moldova-Russia. The single form of violence to be considered is the verbal one represented by harsh statements of the high ranking officials representing the two states. Selecting the case and establishing the relevant temporal framework The case I chose for analysis is the diplomatic conflict between Republic of Moldova (RM) and Romania starting with January 1st. 2007. in the same time. The reason why I consider January 1st the starting point of this conflict is because on that date Romania became a member of the European Union and. 2007 as the end of the period I chose to analyze because it is the last time when two representatives of the sides involved in the conflict. I am rather interested to focus strictly on the confliction issues occurring between Romania and Moldova. the jeopardizing of the Moldovan sovereignty and independence. there was raised again the issue of the two basic treaties that are not signed between Moldova and Romania. In fact the conflict goes back to autumn of 2007 when Romania asked Moldova to open those two more consulates and received no answer. till. when the two countries signed the agreement concerning the visa regime and. even it has a big influence on the attitude of the Moldova authorities. I considered February 10. introducing a new visa regime for the citizens of Moldova. there entered into force the Agreement between the Government of Romania and the Government of the Republic of Moldova concerning the reciprocal traveling of the citizens signed in Bucharest in the autumn of 2006. Romanian minister of foreign affairs A. We could consider that we reached the top point of the conflict.

2008 have been anything but smooth. However. made as a consequence of the annexation of Basarabia to the Soviet Union based on the Secret Protocol of the Non-aggression Treaty signed between Germany and Soviet Union (USSR) on August considering that the validity of the Ribentrop-Molotov Pact expired on June 22.II. 1991. starting a period of friendlier relations between the two states. Describing the historical and political background After his election at the end of 2004. present Moldovan authorities recognize the border established by the Paris Treaty of 1947 and want that to be included in the Border Treaty that has not been yet signed between the two countries. with harsh words coming from Chisinau. 2007 and February. Romania does not recognizes the way the border with USSR was established in 1947. 30. The two 1939. Romania’s Relations with the Republic of Moldova. Cetatea Alba. 1940 as part of USSR. The border between USSR and Romania was fixed by the Paris Peace Treaty of 1947. present Republic of Moldova and Romania.Basescu paid his first official visit to the Moldovan president V. dual citizenship and visas have abruptly reversed former gains. making EU accession a primary goal of its foreign policy. formed of territories taken from Romania. On one hand. It happens that the conflict lasted that time longer then the one from June 2001 until March 2002. i. considered as defeated side in the II World War. Hotin. relate differently to the Paris Treaty. After the proclamation of Moldova’s sovereignty on June 1 Gabriel ANDREESCU. relations during February. known as Ribentrop-Moltov Pact. by this way losing some of its territories and receiving back Transilvania that it lost based on Viena Dictate of August 1940.1994 . on February 27. Northern Bucovina were annexed to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. nationality.Voronin. accepts to sign this Treaty. The situation of the relations between the Republic of Moldova and Romania during that period was considered by some analysts as the most tensioned after Moldova got its independence on August 27. Ismail. 1941. Valentin STAN and Renate WEBER. As related to the historical background it is to be mentioned that Republic of Moldova was created as an independent state based on the territories of the RSSM (Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic). On the other hand. http://studint. 1961.e. Romania.10. The relationship was further cemented when Moldova signed the EU/Moldova Action Plan. Rows over ethnic identity. Romanian President T.htm. when the Nazi Germany invaded USSR1 and that the Moldovan-Romanian border is established based on the Treaty signed between Romania and URSS. RSSM was created on August 2.

The discussions related to the preparation and signing of the Basic Treaty and the Border Treaty are connected and last for a very long period. the relations between the two states passed trough different periods. as for example the diplomatic crisis of June 2001. and that would serve as a guarantee for the independence. Even so. there was a short period when the idea of the unification of Romania and the Republic of Moldova was quite strong. the Transnistrian conflict arose and the idea of unification was totally abandoned.23. It is to be noticed that there is a different approach of the Ribentrop-Molotov Pact and the issue of the borders established after the Second World War if we do compare Moldova and the Baltic states. the authorities in Chisinau remained reserved to the idea of unification to Romania. In case of Moldova it happened that there appeared a new state after the fall of USSR. Instead. Moldova would like to conclude a “Partnership and Cooperation Treaty” as the one signed between Romania and Ukraine. change of its official name on August 23. Romania would like to have in the agreement references related to historical. the two sides not being able to come until now to an agreement as related to certain formulas contained in the Treaties. 1991 and declaration of its independence on August 27. in terms that the last ones considered the consequences of that Pact as a “occupation by the USSR” of their territories and when becoming independent again in 1991. sovereignty and territorial integrity. a. . they reestablished their territories as before 1940. 1991. 1990. After Moldova got its independence. III. while Moldovan authorities do not agree with that. also depending on the influence of Russia and European Union. Main issued of the conflict and their detailed presentation The Framework Agreement There has not been signed a Framework Agreement between the two states that would regulate the bilateral relations. Moldova became in 1994 a member of the Community of Independent States. Romanian Parliament also adopted in June 1991 a declaration by which one the Ribentrop-Moldotov Pact was considered null. In the same time Romania would like to sign a “Framework Agreement concerning the Strategic Partnership for Europe” which could promote bilateral cooperation and assist Moldova on European integration matters. linguistic and cultural ties.March 2002. of getting closer or more tensioned.

259 . and that Romania leads a duplicitous behavior jeopardizing Moldova’s national security. Romania and Moldova do not have a Border Treaty. Moscow reacted to a decision of the Bucharest Court of Appeal concerning the conviction of Romanian marshal I. civilization and language”. and Romanian side accepted the idea of “inviolability of borders between the two states”3. when Romania for the sake of peaceful relations presented a “Fraternity and Integration Treaty” 2. while the Moldovan side wanted a “fraternity and cooperation treaty” and not an integration one.Discussions on the issue of the basic treaty last from 1991-1992. Harsh statements of the Moldovan and Romanian presidents In February 2007. In the spring of 2007. Valeriu Ostalep. The Border Treaty As we previously mentioned.Voronin accused Romania of implanting and funding a small but noisy group to promote unification between Moldova and Romania.Antonescu. the speaker of the Moldovan Parliament stated in April that the relations between the Republic of Moldova and Romania will be either constructive or destructive. M. Curtea Veche. The latest news concerning the negotiations over the Border Treaty is the fact that the deputy minister of foreign affairs and European integration of Moldova. Noile frontiere ale Uniunii Europene şi relaţiile româno-moldoveneşti. The two sides still could not receive an agreement as related to the title of the treaty and a reference to the 1947 Paris Treaty. Romanian authorities consider that the borders between the two states have been established after the II World War. Romania considers that the border with USSR was established through the Treaty signed by Romania and USSR agreement of February 27. Bucureşti. p. Lupu.259 3 Ibidem. afterwards the situation getting more and more tensioned.Basescu and V. violating Moldova's sovereignty. but since then nothing happened related to that issue. That above-mentioned decision of the Bucharest Court served as a good reason for the Moldovan authorities to state that the sovereignty of the state was in danger. They 2 Odette Tomescu-Hatto. The text of the treaty was supposed to be signed in 2000. 1961 and that there is no need to sign a new border treaty. while Moldovan ones sustain that not signing the two documents basic and Border Treaties) means that Romania would jeopardize its sovereignty. 2007. V. studii despre Republica Moldova. The last round of negotiations was held in the September 2007. c. Presidents T. în Monica Heintz. visited b. cetăţenie incertă. Stat slab. p.Voronin talked again concerning the two Treaties in January 2007. after in 1999 both sides accepted a compromise: Moldovan – accepted the idea of “common culture.

He complained later that Romania discriminated against Moldovans by not counting them as a minority group. youth. the above mentioned Community of Moldovans from Romania was dissolved as it could not be registered as a juridical person due to the fact that the notion of Moldovan minority is not mentioned in the Romanian legislation. In the same time. presently used by the ruling Communist Party. After becoming a president in December 2004. . being revived by T. during a conference at a University of Bucharest. only 2% of the citizens of Moldova declared themselves Romanians. the author of teh Moldovan-Romanian dictionary. but that Moldovan is just a dialect of the Romanian. stating that he was considering offering Moldovan citizenship to some 10 million 'ethnic Moldovans' in Romania. history and nation. who was appointed in January 2007 as the Vice Prime Minister.will be destructive in case there will be continued the discussions on language.Voronin. According to the results of the lates census. more frequently accusations from Moldovan part that brought to the freezing of bilateral relations between the two states. Moldovan president receives in Chisinau a delegation of the newly formed “Community of Moldovans from Romania”. there were a lot of harsh statements. when he stated that Moldova and Romania could unify by joining together to the EU. Linguistic and Cultural Identity According to the doctrine of Moldavianism. Ethnic. politician and historian. there appeared reaction of the president of Moldova V.Stati. In conclusion. Romanian president T. on February 24th. But it is very important to mention that Romania has never considered having “Moldovan minority”. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union. sports and media. and by that means to extinguish Moldova’s statehood. education. In addition. Romania scientifically considers that the language spoken in Moldova is Romanian and that there is no Moldovan language. founded in 1924 and reshaped in 1964. d.Stepaniuc. Moldovans are a different nationality from Romanians.Basescu made during 2006 and 2007 several declarations as related to the unification and as a consequence. Some of the „teoreticians“ of Moldavianism of the Moldovan Comunist Party are: V. there circulated the idea of unifying the two states. One interpretation of the Moldova’s reactions could be that Chisinau fears Romania’s ambitions to reestablish “the Greatest Romania”. the former head of the parliamentary commission for culture. In order to enforce this idea. science.Basescu in 2006. politician and linguist. T. V.Basescu made of the Republic of Moldova support to adhere to the EU a priority of the Romanian foreign policy. has never discussed such an issue.

studii despre Republica Moldova.257 Ibidem. Curtea Veche. în Monica HEINTZ. M. In 2007 at the Citizenship Commission there were 25345 requests for Romanian citizenship received from citizens of the Republic of Moldova. Given the bureaucratic procedure. accept the documents and send them to the Citizenship Commission. Bucureşti. As related to the Moldovan side. Moldovan officials. Idem. cetăţenie incertă. 2004. For example.916 Moldovan citizens succeeded to receive the Romanian citizenship based on a Law that allows those who lost their Romanian citizenship or their followers up to the second generation to ask for it. and the above responsibility was passed from the Ministry of Interior to a special Citizenship Commission subordinated to the Ministry of Justice. while afterwards the Romanian president I. In this context. there was received no invitation for depositing the official request and accompanying documents for the citizenship for a request sent in August 2003. considering RM an artifical state. especially the Communist Party in envelopes containing the expression of intent to regain Romanian citizenship. the legislation was changed. p.php?page=3 9 Odette Tomescu-Hatto. should invite for an interview.261 7 Odette Tomescu-Hatto. Idem.6 e. Starting with 2002 the citizenship granting process was blocked. Citizenship issue In the period between 1991 and 2001 94.Iliescu used to make use of the phrase „two Romanian states“. p.7 During 2006 there were granted 490 citizenships and during 2007 – 6708. it might be considered that the process is almost frozen at the Consulate. also in charge with receiving requests for citizenship. During 2003 there were granted only 6 citizenships. Iaşi.There occured an „identity crisis“ given the fact that Moldova used to oscilate between the unification with Romania and returning under Russian protection4. http://cetatenie. p. Stat slab. Republica Moldova. starts building the Moldovan identity. Romanian consulates. the Romanian Embassy in Chisinau has approximately 200. p.5 As such. it happens that the identity crises occures exactly due to the fact that there cannot be made a clear distinction between Romanians and Moldovans as these are the same.9 Instead. in 2005 – 1317. 4 5 Ibidem. in 2004 – 257.266 8 The last two data are not official ones and also include the number of citizenships given to Romanians from Ukraine. Centrul pentru prevenirea conflictelor.266 . p. Noile frontiere ale Uniunii Europene şi relaţiile românomoldoveneşti. în Odette Tomescu-Hatto. Alunecarea anti-democratic a governării gălăgioase. Romanian authorities adopted a Governmental ordinance on September 5th by which one introduced slight changes to the procedure.Snegur was one who introduced the idea of „two different people living in two different states“ in 260 6 Iulian Chifu. In order to simplify the procedure. 2007.

Except for the online application form a Moldovan national willing to get a Romanian visa had to submit on the website of the Embassy of Romania in Moldova. A new consular section of the Embassy of Romania in Chisinau was opened only on December 21. Romanian visas and the issue of additional consulates in the Republic of Moldova After Romania entered the EU. and reversing a previous note in the support of the decision. Moldovan foreign minister A. During the time for the facilitation of the visa granting process in Chisinau there was opened a Common Visa Centre for the issuing of visas to Moldovans for several EU countries. No Moldovan authorities took part at the official opening. that was almost blocked at the very beginning due to the high number of requests. f.Voronin and T. Moldovan citizens have to obtain a visa in order to enter Romania. A bilateral Agreement regulating the visa regime was signed by the ministers of foreign affairs of the two countries in October 2006 in Chisinau.Moldovan president reputedly accused Romania of intending to empty Moldova of its citizen by facilitating the procedure of granting the Romanian citizenship. the issue of the two consulates was no longer officially discussed by the two parts. the Moldovan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration issuing an official note to the Romanian embassy rejecting the new consulates. 2007. Even if the visa is given for free.Basescu agreed in January 2007 on opening an additional building of the Romanian Consulate in Chisinau. or to get a visa from the Embassies of some EU member states having embassies in Bucharest. Its work capacity is of 900-1000 visa requests per day. Its work capacity is of 900-1000 visa requests per day.Stratan stated on March 7. there were huge queues of people waiting to apply for a visa. . a new consular section of the Embassy of Romania in Chisinau was opened only on December 21. business. what decreased to some degree the tension related to the Romania visas issue. After the visa regime was introduced for the citizens of the Moldova. That happened first of all because the Romanian consulate in Chisinau could not manage with the high number of visa requests it received. 2007 that the Romanian plans to open two consulates in Balti and Cahul to deal with a high demand for visas were no longer necessary. all this procedures and problems made the number of Moldovans traveling to Romania for the purpose of studies. etc. After V. 2007. serious technical problems came out. Afterwards. A large number of Moldovan nationals go to the Consulates of Romania to Ukraine (Odesa or Cernauti) in order to apply for a Romanian visa. reduce with more than 50%. Finally.

ziua.php?data=2008-0131&id=3053 12 Ibidem 13 Mihai Contiu. 10 According to an INFOTAG opinion poll of 2000. having Romanian citizenship. Contrary to habitual practices. The reaction of the Moldovan Mitropolitan Church and of the Russian Patriarchy was a negative one.php?subaction=showcomments&id=1195131644&archive=1195472872&start_from=&uc at=7& . over churches11. given the fact that it involves disputes over properties. In the opinion of Dan Chiachir. according to non-official sources. There occurred a conflict between the two churches after the Romanian Patriarchate decided to revive three more eparchies in R. after a process at the European Court of Human Rights against the Moldovan State. the reactivation of the three eparchies seems to be “an overbidding in a political sense”12. http://www.g. visits of the high ranking officials.Moldova (Episcopia de Balti. Several employees of the Bassarabian Metropolitan Church.php?data=2008-01-31&id=3053 11 Biserica Ortodoxa Romana.moldovasuverana. http://www. were expulsed from Moldova for not having the necessary documents for their stay. in November 2007. there are 723 000 believers of the Bessarabian Metropolitan Church.ziua. Now. M. the stated reason being the fact that “their activity is not in accordance with their status of diplomats”. Spionaj si sontraspionaj romanesc in Republica Moldova. entitled “Romanian Espionage and Counterespionage in the Republic of Moldova"13. Expulsion of the Romanian atacata de bisericile "surori".ro/news. The second church was reactivated in 1992 but was officially registered only in 2002. Romania has not expelled Moldovan diplomats. http://www. several other were not allowed to enter Moldova. the popes serving in the churches of the Bessarabian Metropolitan Churce or those who joined it were promised Romanian citizenship. problems at the borders After several compromising articles published in the Moldovan newspaper “Moldova Suverana” (Sovereign Moldova) by a former collaborator of the Romanian External Intelligence Service. in December two diplomats of the Romanian consulate in Chisinau were declared persona non-grata. Religious issues: The Conflict between the two Metropolitan Churches In Moldova there are two Metropolitan Churches: Moldovan Orthodox Church subordinated to the Moscow Patriarchate supported by the Moldovan Government and Bessarabian Metropolitan Church subordinated to the Bucharest Patriarchate (has 23 % of the Christian believers of the Republic of Moldova)10. Episcopia Basarabiei de Sud si Episcopia Ortodoxa a Dubasarilor si a toata Transnistria).

Romanian part had not required on this occasion any visit with the Moldovan representatives.Cioroianu took part at the event. After that.15 According to the statement of the Romanian foreign minister A. on the occasion of the opening of the new building of the Romanian Consulate in Chisinau. Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs.Cioroianu the 0. there was not any kind of bilateral visits of any minister.romanialibera. Jurnal de Chisinau). Literatura si Arta. October. i.Gutu. In 2005-2006 situation seemed to turn into a 14 15 http://www. On December 21st. Financing of Moldovan NGOs. as for example of newspapers (Timpul.Chirtoaca. 2007. but had no any kind of meeting with his Moldovan officials.html . media and parties by Romanian authorities Romania is accused by Moldovan leaders of financing some media. not in accordance with the cooperation spirit of the relations between the two states. The tension increased during the second mandate of the president I. as well as PRO TV channel. L. was called for explanations at the Romanian MFA. D. Moldovan side qualified that as an “unfriendly gesture”14. the main decision makers involved in provoking and managing the conflict. several Romanian delegations were prevented from crossing the border when going to Chisinau at the invitation of the Chisinau Mayor. Moldovan Ambassador to Bucharest. Political administrative description of the escalation process: how was the problem discovered. Bucharest is also offering 800. the majority will be directed to the Republic of Moldova.17 per cent of the GDP Romania has to offer as official Development Assistance each year to teh neigbouring countries striving to enter the EU. As a consequence. after the Communist party won the Parliamentary elections in Moldova.mfa. the problems they confronted with The different contradictory issues existed between the two states right away after 1991. We should pay attention to the fact that the last time Moldovan president and Primeminister officially visited Moldova only in 2005. even it passed more then 7 months.000 Euro for the social development of RM for the 20082008 period. The Communist Party reacted by charging the Intelligence Service to examine teh financing sources of the oposition parties and media. IV. known as a proRomanian opposition representative. The Romanian officials visited Moldova last time in January 2007 (president) and in June (prime-minister).Iliescu. how it was managed by the executive http://www.

It was not managed yet by none of the authorities. There is also the Parliament in charge with the ratification of the international treaties and agreements. Discussing the importance/relevance of the conflict: which are the main problems raised in that case. But starting with the discussions and signing of the visa agreement and reviving the issue of the two treaties. the public sustainer on the international arena of the doctrine of Moldovenism is the president V.pdf 17 Iulian 2007. Swedish National Defence College and CRISMART. Iulian Chifu.pdf.crismart. 2007. with its foreign policy commissions and possibility to ratify all international treaties and agreements.mae.. The Moldovan institutions implied in decision taking process concerning the relation with Romania are: President and the Government.Voronin. the Parliament. and Iulian Chifu. I would like to mention that from the Moldovan side the most important defendant of the hostile politics towards Romania. the introduction of the visa regime for citizens of Moldova. The rest are somehow subordinated to this “official position” of the Communist Party. not by the Moldovan The decision for solving the conflict were not taken yet.e.17 16 http://www. and the Government headed by the Prime Minister.06. The Romanian authorities in charge with foreign policy in Romania are: the president.292 . neither by the Romanian ones. by avoiding the diplomatic channels and by making public the concerns and opinions “through tough statements in the media”. who draws the general framework for the country’s foreign policy. including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. During this conflict the used communication means of the Moldovan authorities were the same ones as during the conflict between June 2001 and March 2002 the. the Department for the Relations with Romanians Abroad16 of the MFA. p. or at least they have not given any positive results. http://www. which are the possible positive and negative lessons to be drawn out from such an experience. The Ingredients of a Diplomatic Conflict at the Border Between Romania and the Republic of Moldova in Julian Chifu and Britta Ramberg .favorable one. i. V.12_Orgranigrama. it got worse. represented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. Crisis Management in Transitional Societies: The Romanian Experience. The conflict is relevant to be analyzed in order to find which would be the solutions for it and for the post-conflict period.

as for example a protocol concerning the Moldovan students that come for studies to Romania remained not signed for several years. establishing a better framework for the economical exchanges. 2007 . to come to a common agreement as related to the two metropolitan churches of Moldova and of Bessarabia. but rather a verbal violence of the leaders of the two countries. as in the case of the Italy. there increases the probability of corruption cases. there are permanent suspicions and accusations done by Moldovan representatives. violence. there might be proposed several solutions: to find a compromise related to the basic treaty and the border treaty the two countries are discussing for such a long period. But the type of violence it got to is not a typical physical of military one. 18 Oliver Ramsbotham. people encounter serious problems with getting a visa for Romania. polarization. Possible solutions: Given that fact that this conflict is not at all a finished one. agreements that would facilitate the cultural. Tom Woodhouse and Hugh Miall. in order to get a short stay visa for Romania where could apply for the visa for another country having an embassy in Bucharest. international community is involved. I would consider that it contains only the first 4 stages: difference. Which are the possible positive and negative lessons to be drawn out from such an experience. as for example. economic. Cambridge. at least as regarding some certain issues. both parts or only one may loose its credibility in front of the international institutions or states. the number of people crossing the border decreased with more then 50%.5 months for a student visa.If analyzing this conflict according to the hourglass model18. 1. contradiction. politicians focus on the conflicts. being sometimes even impossible to deposit a request for a visa. Polity Press. and other kind of exchanges are no longer focused on. Contemporary Conflict Resolution. many citizens being forced by the situation to apply for a tourist visa through a tourist agency. What happens as a consequence of such a conflict: the juridical framework between the two states remains only partially established. instead of improving the relations.

- to issue visas for 3 months instead of the visas for three days for those who go to Romania in order to apply for the visa for another country. to make a distinction between those who ask for the Romanian citizenship with the residence abroad. by opening some more consulates on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. to regulate the procedure of granting Romanian citizenship. as it was scheduled from the very beginning or by considerably increasing the number and efficiency of the personnel. historic and cultural identity. given the fact that at the present moment human rights to citizenship are violated the procedure term for granting Romanian citizenship lasting even up to 6-8 years.- to come to a compromise as related to the linguistic. and those who establish their residence in Romania. what I consider really difficult to be realized under the rule of the present communist party. . to find solutions and to be opened for the facilitation of the visa regime. in case there are harsh reactions from Chisinau.

moldovasuverana. Iaşi. SIMONCA. Republica Moldova.contrafort. cetăţenie incertă. 2004. Vladimir. Spionaj si sontraspionaj romanesc in Republica Moldova. Alunecarea anti-democratic a governării gălăgioase. Preşedintele Parlamentului vrea un tratat de frontieră cu România. . http://www. March 12. Mihai. CHIFU.Moldavie : des relations compliquées par l’histoire.01. The Relationship with Republic of Moldova.pdf CONTIU. The Ingredients of a Diplomatic Conflict at the Border Between Romania and the Republic of Moldova in Julian Chifu and Britta Ramberg .Vol. LUPU. Mon. studii despre Republica Moldova. Iulian. Crisis Management in Transitional Societies: The Romanian Experience.html SOCOR. March 16. 2007 în Monica HEINTZ. The Moldova Foundation's Weekly News Bulletin on Moldova Friday.php?subaction=showcomments&id=1195131644&archive=1195472872&sta rt_from=&ucat=7& DURA. George. Romania’s Relations with the Republic of Moldova. în Odette Tomescu-Hatto.R.Bibliography: Books and scientific articles: ANDREESCU. p. Swedish National Defence College and CRISMART. Nicu. http://balkans. România .02. 2007. Noile frontiere ale Uniunii Europene şi relaţiile româno-moldoveneş http://www. Alexandru. Nine o'clock. Centrul pentru prevenirea conflictelor.1994 APAHIDEANU.html. Roumanie . 12 Mar 2007 CANŢÎR. 30.courriers. Buletin Special Strategikon: Relatia Romania-Moldova de la mahmureala la galceava. Bucureşti.: Statutul de Membru al UE ii Ofera Romaniei Noi Oportunitati in Relatiile cu Moldova. an Open Wound.azi. 3. Curtea Veche. Integrarea Europeana. http://www. Issue 54. Iulian Chifu. CHIFU. Iulian . Moldova refuses mass conferrals of Romanian Citizenship. Gabriel. 3 avril 2007. Valentin STAN and Renate WEBER. Victor. 02. Stat slab. Observator cultural. Moldova: viitorul unei 'relaţii privilegiate'. POPESCU. http://studint. http://www. 2007. Curtea Veche. Bucureşti. p.flux. ttp:// http://www. Noile frontiere ale Uniunii Europene şi relaţiile românomoldoveneşti. studii despre Republica http://www.ziua.259 Agreements: Acord între Guvernul României şi Guvernul Republicii Moldova privind călătoriile reciproce ale cetăţ .org http://politicom.azi.thediplomat. în Monica HEINTZ. semnat în 2007 Web pages: cetăţenie incertă.conflict. Stat

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.