ISSN 0579..

0263

COJY3 H4 HCTOPH~dP"TE H4 penY6dHKd MdKEAOHHJA

BaH40

rOprVlEB
CTOH

AclJepa1tM~c

ro.A·XXXVIII

CKOnJE2002

EiPOJ1 ..2

BaJPIO

tOPtIiEB HHCTIITYT sa HCTOpHja

AtIlEPATA MIle CTOH
L sanosnana
HOCTa,
H

1901 rotrana 6WIa KH.l~i[(UmpaHaMIrC eTOH. Co Toa 6 Mece't£Ha MHCTepn03Ha arpepa. Cnopea apexerpaersero, CneKTaKYzpajor aa
neTOTO

5o~eJmo

OCTBapemIOT qnmacHcm ecpeKT H a¢mpMa.n;:njaTa aa MaKe.n;OHCKOTO OCJIO}l;eno aa Mef)'Hapo}l,eH nrraa, Toa e HajKpYIIHaTa arpepa BO acropaja'ra
MaKe;o;OHO Ojl.IHIHcKa BO

aa Tajaara mI axrepa

aea

Dime:

pesonynaoaepaa oprasaaanajara (TMOPO). FnanJaffe CaH}J;aHCKlI, Xpacro qepHoneeB R KpCTO AceHOB.

MOTIlBOT trnTe

Tnaeuuiue asaaepu: X. Hepuoiieee, 1. Canoaucxu U K. ACe1-l08 3a xanaarraparsero na Mac EJIeH eTOH, npOH3JIerYBaJI OJ(q:,mraCIfCMaKe.n;OHCKOTOpeBO~OHepHO HaWlO-HaHaJIROOCJIOL

n01'pe6H na TMOPO sa

JIeToTo 1901 ronaaa rra enno cOBeT)1BalDe BO KycTeH)l;HJI, Fone .I(en'qeB, Jane CaHJJ;aHCKBH XPHCTO ~epHoneB 6HJIO xoacrarapano zrexa nexa CBTHlITe rpa6e)l{K ['0 aapynryaar rrpeCTlOKOT ua Opraaaaanajara, a He
OOl(HTeJIRO ABIDKefbe.
IIOMefy B;{OHecYBaT sa Hej3HHo tillUlaHCKCKO KOliCOJIHAHpaae.

Or-ryxa J.
ce

CaB;r(aHCKII

eLlOXWI na ce xannanapa ro OT$pnHJJ H rrpenrroman

tiyrapcxnct' KHe3 cDepJllIHaH;O:. eryroa, M
na ce asnajne aasan AO napn Aa nojne

r. ,UeJPleB
nanaop 011;

rpaaanare na Byrapaja."
aa MaKep;oHclCoTO pesomraoaepao Ha~OHaJIHOOen050~HTeJlHO TMOPO A:a npaeerae !CORKIf1{Hannpan.e aa JTH'll[OCTIl, sa 011 n,reT3.;U J\eKa lte AofiHe COOJ{BeTes OTKYil. Jlcnraratpaaacacsa IloJlo)Kfia 80 Opraaasanajara, n~6BO ::\om::ra ~o H3pa3 ITOCoJIYHCKaTa nposana Oil:jaayapa 1901 romma. Toa 6WIO soacrarapaao Ba emro CoBeT)'BaJ:be 80 CocpBja BO MaPT 1901 ronaaa. (P.P, OrpaHlilIJ;H OT MHHaJIOTO. M"1>KaTa Ha Tone. Mnep;oBCKo Aeno, 2/41, 10.05.1927, 6.) :!. JIaypa BeT mepMaH, TIO)KapH B nnaaaaara, MaKe~OHcKOTO peSOJDOquoHHO ABH:lKeB1le B. Ol'BJIlI1Il'1HeTO H3 Bnea CTOYR, (npeaon OT aHI'JIHii:CKH EKaTepHHa Hm<:OJlOBa), Coq,ID1 1992, 25. Bo cl)HHaCKCKJITe nOTpe61I
1Le. 61U1ernaBeH MOTHB KOj ja TepaJI

OpBrmIa.ll: Laura Bern Sherman-Feldman, Firs in the Mountain. The Masedonian Revolutionary Movement
and the Kidnapping of Ellen Stone. Columbia University New York, 1980.

55

OKOllY Ilerposnea 1901 ronana, Casa MnajJIOB, 1. CaRAaHCKHH X. lJepHoIIees, cxpoane nnaa na ro 4laTaT CYJIejMaH-6er O)l;I'opaa Ilysraja, TInaHoT He 6HJI peamI3HpaH nopana 60necT na 6eroT.3 Co CnHqHH HaMepn: CaHAaHcKB H Hepaoneen 3aMlIHane BOPa3noIIIKo, xane cxerane na ro 4laTaT nporecrarrrcxaor MHCHonep OAConYH n-p Xayc. BRAejtH Xayc ro O)l;nO)J{HnIaTYBaa.eTo, IInaHOT rrporranI Han. Meryroa, THe 1N3HaJIenesa BOEaHCKOce aaora rrpOTeCTaHTCKaTa MHCHORep4 xa MHC Enen CTOH R ounyxane p;aja KH)l;Hann:paaT. Cnopen X. lJepHorrees, rca 6RJIOrrorrpaanexao 6RAejm: "n-p Xayc, cexoram 6HJI npajaren na cenaaare ... 3a Mac CTOH jac He gpx<eB MHory. Taa qeCTOrrpOIIOBe)J;aIIIerrpOTIlB Hac, senejaa aa cenamrre, nexa I'ocrron te ra OTI'prHe 0)'];6eguTe, a He 'pasriojrranare' .._Toa ja aarrpaaa paoorara rrOJIeCHaaa nporonryaan,e u.5 3a aaxepara 6IDI COHAKpaH MecTHHOTKOMHTeTBOBaHCKOna xeno co ,ll;HMHTap JIa3apoB,6 H qneHOBHTe: EOpHC Tones, CHMeoH MOJIepoB, Haan (lOHKa) KOn1{arOB II HBaH (JoHKa) BaKaHOB. Ilocnenrwre naajna 6RJIe npoTeCTaHTH, na saroa BOnpao speue ce KOJIe6ane.7 Ilparoa 51: 1 yrspnen cne),];HIIOT nnaa: 1. qeTara Ke ce COCTOR 0)'];MaJIKY nyre II roa: CaH)l;aHCIGI,qepHoneeB, CTapHOTaj)J;YTHH Crojan Ilpocjaxor, II YIIITe ABajn;aqeTHIIll.H, KOIl Jl:Baneaa ITOpaHOte 3aMIIHaT sa c. I'paneso; 2. <PalCaEbeTO ce H.3Begeaa naTOT op;Pa3JIOf sa r. UyMaja xaj MeCHOC,l1;a ra Ilornpena CKaJIa; 3. ,ll;a ce R3BeCTR paKOBO, {TenOT AHren Ma3HeOB BOc. FpaneBOaa na nane conejcrso: 4. Co nerara ga 3aME:e Bannapos sa na ra IIOCOqn}l{eHHTe; 5. Ilpen JKeHHTeco 5eJIa xpna na rnaaar. Ke 3aMHHe Marpe 3axoB, aa }l;a ro najaaa HHBHOTO npacraras.e; II 6. 3a IIpIIp;p)r.'l:,imqKa aa MIIC DOH,Qa ce 3eMe r-ra Enena Ynresa." ,I:(03Bona sa peanasauaja aa nnaaor 5lDIa notiapaaa on r. ,I:(eJI'leB H I'opxe TIeTpOB. Ilenxes co KOJIe5aJI, a I'opxe He BepysaJI nexa te ce n:3BJIeqaT rOJIeMH napa. TBop~RTe aa nnanor onnysane na nejcrnyaaar aa caoja rnaaa.? Mac Enea CTOYHe auepaxaacsa p;pJKaBjaHRH, oja BO 1878 rO):J;lIHa, x ll:0lliJIa BO Byrapaja aa paoora BOaMepHKaHcKoTo }l{eHCKOYQRJIKWTeBO CaMOROB,a noxaeHOBOIIJIOB.QlIB.ITo rrpecrojor BOCA,I:(, BO 1898 rO):{HHa,AMeplIKaHcKHOT coser sa CTpaHCKH MRClm ja Ha3HaqHJIsa npOTeCTaHTCKlIarara'rop cpen )J(eHHTeBOCOJIYH. Bo Toa CBojCTBO JIeTOTO1901 ronaaa, npccrojysana BOBaHCKOKage opraaasapaJIa xypc sa yqHTeJIKHTe sa OCHOBHHTe nporecraarcxa yqnJImnTa R sa }l{eRHTe 0,0; Bn:6JIHCKOTO.n;pymTBO.10 Bo paeorara H noxarana Karepaaa UWIKa (no TaTRO Creepaaoea), POAYMon BaHCKo. Taa 6Ma Ma}l{eHa sa aJIfiaHCKHrrpOTeCTaHTCKH caenrrenax on Kopxa co xoro ce 3an03HaJIa sa apesre aa oopaaosaaaero BOCA,I:(. ITo 3aBpmYBaFbeTOaa JIeTHHOTxypc BOBaHCKO, Mac eTOH Tpe6anoga ce BpaTH
3 ABIDKeHlleTo orcasrs Bapnapa H 6op6ua C'bBYVVbpXOBHCTliT', no cnoMeHll na SIRe CaR~aHCKH, qepR'bO II'eB'b, Cana MaxaWIoB'h, Xp. KYCJleB'b, Hs, AHaCTacoB T'spsero, rIeT'bp'b Xp. IOpYKOB'b 1'1 HmcOJIa IIYJDKapoB'b, coocmasa JI. MBneTH'I, Co¢lIU1:, 1927. ( CITo-MeIDI aa Casa MHxaftnOB'h .... 87.; CrrOMeHB aa gHe CaH)l;aHcKH ... , 17.) 4 CnOMeHH aa SIRe CaH)l;aHCKR... , 17.; CnoMeHH na qepB'bO II'eB'b ... , 59. 5 Mepcas Ma~epMOT, 3a CBOOOlI.a II CDspmeHCTBo. BllrpacpHK aa 5IHe CaHAaHCKo, (npeaon OT aaraacaa BeCeJIBH H3MHpJUles), COCPHSI, 1987, 7l. 6 llieIDIBaHeTO aa MHC'b Ell. CTOH'b Hr-sca Karepaaa CTeq:I8HoBa UIDlKa, cooemaaa n. TOMOB'b, fin. Hmlll1{ea'b r. VI 9-10 (49-50), COCPRSl,1933.25. 7 I1CTO.; CnoMeHB sa J[ae CaHl1aHcKlI , 19. 8 Flneasaaaero aa MuC'b En. CTOH'b , 25. ~ CnoMeHH aa Casa MmcaibIOB'b ..., 'Ol.

56

BO ConYR, a Karepaaa co ceMejCTBOTO BO Kop-ra." Ha co nororresra l1pO:AP)')K6a rpraane OA Baacxo KOMHTeT sa HHBRB KHpaJ,IHH 6BJIe HaMeCTeHH

21.8.13.9.1901 rO)J;JlHa,12THe sa I'opaa Ilysraja. IIpeKY MeCTHO:OT Teopra Mauypes Ii Case Mexosrac-

m.l3
2. Ilonexa CaRAaHcKH H qepHoneeB ro rroaroraynane nJlaHOT, qeTaTa ra qeKaJIa BO TIHPHH nag speueaa KOMaH,n;a aa HHKOJIa Ilexes. )l;OJIfOTO 'lfeKalbe My snoueano na Ilexes, nopana IUTO aanaman OCTpO IIBCMO .QOCaHgaHCKH. Bo Hero 110TeHrrapan .QOKOJIKYTOj 0: qepHorreeB He ce sparar HCTaTa sexep BO xerara, Taa Ke 3aMHHe aa KHe)K,eCTBOTo.14 3aToa, CaH.QaHCKIif H qepHoneeB sennanr ce BpaTHJIe co 8-MaHa BoopYJKeRII cenana. IIopa.QH OCTpHOTTOH na rrlICMOTO H36wlO pacnpaaaj a. KaKO pe3YJITaT na Toa 11-MIrna OJ);14-'IneHaTa xera 6HJIe pasopyscarra II BpaTeHH 80 Byrapaja, Taxa co CaHAaHcKH.H qepHoneeB, OCTaHaJIe: ,D;IIMlITap Kocero, CTOHJI Ilpociaxos H )J,HMHTap I1HeB. Tpojua 6HJIe 3an03HaTR co lIJlaROT aa OABJIeKYBalbe aa MHC CTOH. MeCTHHoT KOMHTeT on BaRcKO rpcfiano ,n;a HM j);age carnan sa nOqeTOK aa aKIUIjaTa. Bo MefYBpeMe nooane IIHCMO OJ],CIIMeOH Monepos, neza nexoj 0)]; 6aRcKHTe 'IOp6aJ,IHlI ce crrpOTHBCTaBIiJI aa onanexynarsero, CaHJ],aHCKH II qepHorreeB rrOBTopHO BJIerJIe BO Baacxo sa ga fa "HCrrefJlaaT" pa60TIITe AO xpaj, Ce 'rllIHH gHJIeMJ:rre ra npecexon Heprronees co 360pOBlITe: ",IJ;o6po, HO najre BHe no 5000 napa, CeKOj H Ke ce OTKa}l(eMe".15 Bo MefYBpeMe npercenarenor na OK BO Baacso, )J;IIMIITap Jlaaapos ce 3arr03HaJI co MHC CTOH 0: o.n;nea ro g03HaJI TOtffiOTO BpeMe H .n;aTYMOTna rroaraa,e." OTKaKO 6.HJIe ypenena CHTe npamaaa II ITO 3aCllJIYBaEbeTO aa lJeTaTa co 6-MRHa cenaaa, Taa sasraaana xaj Ilornpeaara Cxana, Ha6p30 lIM ce npanpysoan KPCTO AceHOB co 5 nyma. lI;eJITa ja 3HaeJIe cave HeKOJlKYMlIHa. On sasenysasx» npasaaa 6HJIe 06ne'IeHH BO aCKepCKII II gpyrH TypCKH ananrra." Ilouaa IIpHKBeqep npacTHrHane O'IeKYBamlTe naramra, Bo TPIiHaeceT-'tlJleHDOT sapasan noxpaj MHc CTOH ce nanme: Karepana Ynreaa, aejaaaacr can Ilerap, Karepaaa QIIJIKa co conpyror Tnarop.B MJla)l;1I YlIlITeJIKB II 2 Yl!eH~. Fpynara rpctiano na ee pa3}l,eJIH BO r. UYMaja. IIpHToa, MHc eTOH na 3aMlIHe sa COJlYH, ceuejcrsoro I.J;:HJIKaaa Kopxa, npyrare sa APYfH MecTa.18 Jlnaaapaaara pasnentia ce cnysana nopaao II non APYra OKOJIHOCTH. IIaTHlIqaTe 611JIe rrpecperna'ra II nOBeAeHII B IIJIaHBHa. TIo .Q"BOtIaCOBeH safip3aH MapUI ro g06IIJIe rrpsacr OAMOp. Toranr, MHC CTOH H Karepaaa [(IIJIKa 6RlIe onneneaa OA rpynara iii onseneaa na crpana. I.J;IIJIKa, xoja 6HJIa 6peMeHa BO 5 Meceu; 6HJIa 3eMeHa KaKO IIpHgppKHHqKa rra MHC CTOH 0)1;MOPaJIHH IIplPUIHH sa na He
10 M. MaK,J:1epMOT,3a csofioaa a C'bSpWeHCTBo... ,71.
11

MCTO.

MCTO,73; Cnoueaa aa SIHe Caanaacsa ..., 20. Meryroa BO HarmCOTHa!I. TOMOS, croa norpeumo IWKa cflataHoeTo aa MHC Croa 6H.ITO aa 3/16. 09. 1901ro}l,Wla. Oxarnenao TOt-fOB, cpataEbeTO ro nasa lIO HOBHOTxaneauap, a no'roa YWTe ennam ro nperaopa no HOB CTHJI,IIpH WTO nOfpeWHJI. (Ilneasaaaero aa MUCb En. CTOH'b ... , 26.) 13 Ilneassaaero Ma Macr, En. CTOH'b .••, 26.
i2 14
IS 16 17

M. MaK}l,epMOT, Ca csofiona H csspureacrao

..., 71.

Hero, 72.

18

!I. B. Illepuaa, Ilossapa B nnaaanara ..., 28-29. Cnoaena aa SIRe Caanaacxa ...,19-20. Jl, B. Illepuaa, Iloxapa B nnaamrara ..., 29.

57

6HAaT 06BllHeTH sa HeMOpan. Taa 6HJIa seueaa HaMeCTO B03paCHaTa Karepaaa Ymeaa, xoja HMaJIa 3ApaBCTBeHll np06neMH.19 OCTaHHTe 0.0;rpynara 5IDIe OCJIO60AeHH CJIep;HOTOyrpo eo HHCTPYKI1,HHp;a coonnrrar na BJIaCTa ):IeKa iKemne ce 20 cpaTeHlI 0)]; qeTa xoja roBOPH TYPCKH. Bo TeKOT aa rpa6HYBaIDeTo ce nojasane nerrpensaneaa OKOJIHOCTRII npotinesra. Mac CTOH OA Baacxo 'rpraana nO;rr;OIJ;Ha O):{mraaapaaoro. Bo MefYBpeMe nopana IIPHCYCTBOaa TypcKa sojcxa, CeJlaRRTe He ycneane ):Ia ja cHa6J1aT serara naspexe co xpaaa. Taxa BO ABoAHeBHoTo qeKalbe aa narnarrrrre, 1:{eT~lITe nperJI8AHeJIe. OTTYKa nennam no OABJIeKysaa.eTO, THe ro rrpeTpecne 6araiKOT na rrarnartsre. IIpHToa HM 5HJIa OA3eMeHa cera xpana II enna En6JIHja. Tpaorryaasare, aaoopasajxa nexa rnyaene Typua, senaam ce Ha¢pJIHJIe Bp3 CBUHClGITerrpOU3BOAH.21 Cnopen CaHgaHcKD, THe BO nO'IeTOKOT ce rpynene Mefy ce6e na rosopar TYPCKII, HO 6p30 ce OTKa::KaJIe 6HAejm He ro n03HaBaJIe A06po.22 Herrocpenao npe,u; Op;BJIeKYBaFheTO,rra MeCTOTO aa sacenara HeOqeKYBaHO ce nojasan enen Apaayran." ITo rrpenyrrpeaynas.ero na 3aCTaHe, TOj novaan na rryxa co peBOJIBep, rrpa mTO IIOJIeCHO paHUJI e}J;HOMOMQe.24 3aToa, TOj 61IJI IIOBe}J;eHco IIJIeHeTlITe naTHH~H. Ilpa pacrrpamyaaaero, CaR}J;aHCKBII Hcpaoneee YTBpgWIe AeRa cranyaa 360p sa HaCHJIHIIK, xoj H3BpmHJI MHory 3JlOeTOpCTBa. Ilopana Toa K. AceHOB j a asrytian na]l;HOKpSHOCTa U BeAHaIII ro JIHKBHAHpan rrpen O'lHTe aa cpaTeHBTe naraana, Toj HaCTaH, KaKO II 3eMaFheTO aa xpaaa OA CBRReKOMeeo ro nOTKOnan MHCJIeFheTOaa naTHH~HTe, geKa rpa6HYBaqlITe ce Typ~.25 On Ge30egHocHH rrpH1{UHH, serara ce )J;BIDKeJIenperexno HoKe.H ro MeH}'Bana npaseuor aa p;BIDKeaeTO. Ha sropara HOK CaHAaHcKHja nOBpe}l.HJI aorara." Ynrre 27 noaecpexao 6uJIO OTKPlITlIeTO AeKa Karepaaa QUJIKa e 6peMeHa. 3a nea, H 3a Mac CTOH GHne oGe36egeHH KOH>H.28 BTOPHOT nea 6HJIe BO QKOJIlIHaTa na C.;I:(OJIHa CYIII~a. 3a yrexa na }KeHlITe lIM OHJIe nonapeaa ropcxa ~BeKnIDa l[ npeTXO)J;HO og3eMeHaTa Du6mlja. ITopaAH TaKBUOT onaoc TlIe crparane nexa He ce rpaGHaTII sapana rpariezc, TyKy 0;0;npyra nplIliHHu.29 Tperara HOK xaj c. Cynrana lIM OTKplIJIe .D;eKace rpatiaara aa OTKyn. Hepaorrees ra rrpenyrrpenan p;eKa gOKOJIKY ce o6HgaT aa 6ereTBO lte fin:gaT y6ueHH. Mac CTOH OAfOBOpHJIa geKa THe HeMa ga ga)];aT TaKOB rroson, a gOKOJIKY 8M cecnyna aemro, THe Ke olIgaT cyneaa 0)]; 60ra.30 Herospexeao HM 611JIOOTKplIeHO AeKa sa HIIB lte ce noriapar 25 000 T. JIIIPH, ana KaKO InTO npecverana MHC CTOH 101.000$. Hcnnameaa 0)); ronessara cYMa, MHC CTOH pesna geKa TIle He ce rrpamresa, HHTy IIaK MHJIliOHepKH II nexa AMepaKaHeKHOT
19
20 21 :>2

HCTO, 30.; M.Ma~epMOT,

3a CBo6o):la
Ii

B

C"bBpmeHCTBo..., 73.; CnoMeHB aa SlHe C~aHCKB

..., 19.

Jl.B, IDepMaH, ITO)l{apH B rutaHBHaTa ..., 3l.
M. MaK):{epMOT, 3a csotiona M. MaK)l.epMOT, 3a caotiona C"bBpmeHCTBo ... , 74. CnoMeHH aa 5IHe CaHn:aHcKB ... , 20.
B C"bBpmeHCTBo ..., 74. Mefyroa aa aRe CaH):IaHCKB... , 19.). CnoMeHH aa SlHe C3H):1aBcKH..., 19. M. Maxnepaor, 3a csonona H C1>SpmeHCTBo... , 74. CnOMeRH na SIRe CaHAanCKB ... , 20.

13

cnopen CallAaHCKH, roj 6mr Typ'IHH.

(Cnoxena
24
LS

26

TI M. MaK)l.epMOT, 28
29 3G

3a csotiona

II C"bBpmeHCTBo ... ,

74.

Jl. B. Illepxaa, Iloscapa Hero, 32. Hero, 33-34.

B llJIaHHHaTa .•.,

31.

58

COBeT

sa

nponarasna,

HeMa)l.a

Tperara

HOK, lJeTaTa

OTKYTIOT sana He aanpasa rrpecenarr." co 3anO::KHIIlJKHTe, IIOMHHana BO Byrapaja na OTCe)l;He

ro nnara

TaMY ,lI.Op;eK8 He CTD.BHemYMOT BO UYMajcKo.32 Kpa'rxorpajao npecrojyaane BO certara <PJIopom II II;pBDmTe. Bo MefyBpeMe, CaHp;aHCKH BoAynHIru;a pasopan ;QeKa 6yrapcKa sojcxa D. rrOJIHIJ;u.jara npetiapysar IIorpaHHlJHlITe 06n3CTD. 3aToa, aen33 Hall ce sparaae Ha33,lI. 80 UYMajcKo. IIpHBpeMeHO ce CMeCTHneBOeAHa caMOTHa

KYKaBO Cenanrre,
nopa 38 OTKyrr.34

OJ!:xane IDTO

aanosaane oOHAHTe aa oTIIOtIHYBalbe na rrpero-

3. Mac eTOH e rrpB aMepHKaHCKH rpararrarr, xanaarrapaaa aansop O,ll; TeplITOpajara na CAA.35 BeCTa 33 Hej3HHoTO KH):tHamIpaH.e ja npenene OCJloOon.eHHTe

COnaTFIo:l.(Haa 'leJIO co Fnnrop II;J!JIKa. THe na 4.9..1901 ronasa ce sparane BO EaHCKO, Ka)l;e ja asaecrane BJI3CTa II TaMOIllHaTa nporecraarcsara saegnana. Taa, na 5 OOIITeMSplI, sa HaCTaHOTrenerparpcxa ro B3seCTR1Ia rJlaBHlIOT rrpOTeCTaHTCKII MHcHoHep BO Maxenonaja Jl.-p UOH Xayc BO COJIYH. Toj nermam ro II3BeCTRn assepnKaHCKHOT KOH3yn BO COJIYHII. X. Jlasapo, KOj llHcpopMaqajaTa ja nperrparan )];0
aMeplIKaHcKlloT

reaepanea KOH3yn BO Ilapnrpan II COJIYHCKHOT sanaja. Jlasapo 1I3HYAJ!JIaerysarse OA BJIaCTa, )J;aHe rrpesessa MepKH sa roaeae aa xerara II OC310OO)Jl;yaalbeaa }Kemrre, 6H;D;ejKn Toa MO}KeJIOAa 6H]:{e orracno. Jlasapo, My npenopaxan aa ,il,.HKeHcoH BO Ilaparpan, na ja rrpeJ];YJ1pe)Jl;RIloprara on onaCHOCTa rrpa BMeIIIY-

san,e aa aojcxara

II ):I;eKa HMIIepujaTa

rpetia

na fa IIJIaTH oTKynOT.

36 Case

MeXOMBCKH II feoprn Manypes." Bo f. UYMaja npBCTHrHaJIa sojcsa on Cep. IIOTepare rrosaane na ra oOHKonYBaaT cenara oxony KOD OIDIO asspureao rpaOHYBaILeTO. Oil: Fpaneso Dune MaqeHH nosexe cenaaa, 15 0,[1 RBB aline OABep;eHHBO f. UyMaja. Ilorepare rasaceraane CeJIaTa: Cp6HHOSO, XPCOBO, Mapyneso, BIICTpIUJ,a, Bnaxn, Kpecsa II n.PyrlI. HeKOR 0):1;nOSH,D;HHTe X<UTenH noriersane BO Byrapnja, Mefy HRB 0: npercenarenor na J,IyMajcKaTaonnrrana." Bo MexoMHja (Pa3JIOr) npacra npaaenexapauaare THrKalla BOjCK.3H ){{aH,lJ;apMepllja aa qeJIO co cepCKHOT MyrecapHcp, a BaHcKO 6IIJIO D;enOCHO OJIOKnpaHo.39 Bo Mexouajace ncnpareaa 60 BojHHD;1I II 60 )KaH,o:apMII. Bo KyltaTa aa TaMOIHHDOT KajMaK.3M Be.n;II Hypa ecpeHAII 6nno O}J;P::KaHO coaeryaarse noxery npeTCTaBHDIJ,HTe sa QCMaHJIRCKBTe BoeHB,. nOJUID;IICKII II IJ;HBHJIHH BrraCTH. MeTHOT ,IJ;.eH, Pa3JIOr; Bp3aHH 6HJIe ,[{OBegeHH care osxapa II rosenapa 0));pasBO
JIOIDKaTa OKOJIIIHa.40Tne

OCM3HJIHCKHTe BJIaCTO: O Baacxo aajrrpsc B

6HJIe MalleHII n pacrrpartryaarm jta orxpnjar

Ka.n;e e lleT8-

ra II KOj ja cHa6)J;YBa co xpana. CJIe)J;HIIOT nea 611JIeOCJIOoogeHH OTKaKO .n;a.rre ITO 2 6em! MeJ;UI;!1;HD "ceHeT", co InTO ce 3a,QoJDKBJIe aa mTOM BH,Il;aTKOMlITII )J;aif COormrr ar
aa BJIaCTa.
31
32

0)); npaaeneaare

crosapa
II

HajMaqeH

6HJI 67 [,OJl,mllHHOT Aranac

BJIa-

M. MaK)tepMOT, 3a cBo6oj:(a

JI. B. mepMaH,

TIO)K(lPI:lIl

MaRKHan ..., II

33
34

M. MaKAepMOT, 3a cBo6o)l;a

csapmescrao ...., 74. 34. csspmencrso ..., 75.

35
3Ii

llCTo, 76. 11. B.ffiepMaH., ITO:>KapOB nnaaaaara ..., 41.
Hero, 38.

31 I!JIemmaHeTO aa Macs En. CToll'b...• 26. 38 Ilpaso, UJ 3 (11), COq,IDI, 12.09.1901,2.
39 40

Hero.

Ilpano II112 (20), Coq:m:sr 11. 11. 1901, 1.

59

BOT.Toj 6BJI ocnotionea aa 13/26.11.1901 ronaaa, Ilpa MaqeaeTO aa rrpaseneaare, aa ycrare lIM 5IDIe crasaaa Topfill nOJIHlI COnenen aa na He ce cnyma BlIKaILeTo.41 3a na ,u;oj;o;e cosaaaaja aa rpa6HYBa"rIIITe, BJIaCTace rrOCJ1y;KIDIaco JIyKa)];0 BOCT.3a raa nen 6RJI aaraxapaa PYRe Mycradia-Ilenasaa, rr03HaT KaKO .Focnon aa I'aypare", Ilon HerOBO BO):{CTBO fiHJ1acpopMHpaHa enaa ;r:{PYXHHa0)]:}l(aHp;apMH. Tae, rrpeodnexeaa BO KOM1:l.TCKH ananrra, noxaane ga rn OfillKOJIYBaT cenara. Bapajza xpana II saconaanrre no OBqapCKHTeKOJIH611 no cenara Tile ce rrpercraII nysane KaKO KOMHTeTCKaxera acnpareaa o,n;Byrapaja. Cexane Kage mTO ce nojasane, CTO't£apHTe nenaamjasane BOKOHaKOT.Taxa, OBOjrman na BJIaCTanponanHan.4Z Ha 4117.9.1901 ronaaa, BaRCKO fillno non :u;eJIOCHa JIOKa)],a. Ilpa rrperpecor 6 BO KYKaTa aa xapanajara Case MexoMHcKH 6BJIe npoaajneaa 2 KpIlMKH U emra 6ep):IaHKa.llcToBpeMeHo 6.oJIenperpeceaa ):IOMOBUTe CHMeORMOJIepOB, MBaH na JIpop;aHqHH B. Milne E.o30B, KOB:notieraane o,n;Baacxo. 0):1 TaMY 6un npaaenea Bnaaasrap ,Il;aCKaJIOB,CBB aa J)YMajCKROTnporecrancxa nponosennax. Hajnomo 0;0:CRTe rrOMHHaJI Cane MeXOMIICKH. Bnaera, sa na R3BJIe-qe0;0:Hero npasaaaaja, My BeTYBaJIa rypcxa cJl~6a n: rrrrara on 4 JIn:PIl MeceqHO. IIpRToa My nonaene nacra on 40 nRIJ;aKaKO MOXHII rpaonyaaxa R notiapane p;ara noco-ra BRCTHRCKBTe. Ha 7/20 ..09, TOj 6IDI 06JIetreH BOTypCKB anamra B onaenes BOc. MeqKYJI. TaMY MY nane HOBcrrHCOK0):112 cenaaa sa .n:a nocosa xoj op;RHBe aasremaa BOrparinyaarseTo.-BIIgejtH He npasaan HlDIITO, 2 =aca 6BJI otiecea co 'maaara HagOJIy. Toj co YWTe p;sajn;a CeJIaHH6M OABeAeHBO Fpaaeso, xane aarronaane HOBII rrpasenyaaIDa.43 So Bancxo 6HJI yancea npercenarenor aa OK aa ,lJ.D.MlITap JIa3apoB,44 KocTap;IIH KOJIQarOB,45 Bopac a Teopra TOl1;eBII,MBaH BHTaHoB II p;pyrR.46 Ha 9/22.9.1901 ronaaa BO MexoMllja .n;omna cneuajanaa KOMHcHja on ConYH no mTO 6Me oCJI060p;eHHcIITe co IICKJIyqOKna Case MexoMBcKH II ,I1;HMHTap JIa3apOB.47 TaKBaTa onnyxa aa snacra ycnenana IIO aarepaemrajara aa aHrJIHCKIIOT KOH3YJI OCorry" Anrppen ERJIjOTH.48 OtfHrJIe.n;HO,aaso 611neyancena rrosexe MHHa B KOB.ORJIeIIHBOJIBBpaHB BO onanexyaaaero na Mac eTOH, 6JIarOll.apeHlle aa HRBsara IJ;BpCTHRa BJIaCTaHe OTKpDJIa HHIlITO. Ha 5.9.1901 ronaaa sa Op;BJIeKYBaH.aTa MDc CTOH;r:{03RaJIa na 6yrapcKaTa Dnana. Taa caMoDHHIJ;njaTDBHonpessena Mepm sa o6e36egyaalbe na rpaHHD;aTa.49 Bo MefYBpeMe BO p;O:IIJIOMaTCKIITexpyrona npOTeKJIe pa3HII rrpernocrassa OKOJIY MO)KHIITerpa6HYBatIH. Mefy HRB;r:{yplInesa BOrpatiayaassero ce aasremarm CaMlITe Mac CTOH .0 QlIJIKa KaKO CHMrraTB3epII aa MaKep;OHCKD.Te eBOJIYIJ;BoHepo:sa na p R3BJIe't£aT MHory napz. Bp3 DCROBaaa o:cKa}l(YBa1baTaaa oCJI060p;eHRTe narnana, ' KOO:3a6eJIe)KaJIe nesa rpa6HYBaQBTe [aaene CBBHCKO Meeo II nexa 360PYBaT nom
41 42
43

I1CTO. I1CTO. I1CTo.
TIJIeHSlBaHeTo TeKCTOT

44
4S

aa MuC'b En. CrOH" ... , 26. Bo Ilpaso, II! 6 (14), COq:lH1l, 30.09.1901, 3. 46 l1JIeHSIBaHeTo na MHC'b En. CrOH1> ..•, 26. 47 Ilpaso, 1II12 (20), Co4>IDI, 11.11.1901,4. 48 JI. E. Illepaaa, Iloxapa B nnaaaaara .... 39.
49 HeTO.

norpemao

CTOH,I:(HMHTap Orerpaaoa.

60

rypcxn

ja3HK, He3aBHCHO O,ll;roa WTO 6HJIe 80 rypcxa 06JIeKa ce ,no6HJI BIIeqaTOK nexa CTaHYBa 360p sa MaKep;OHCKa fiaana IIOP;BITIijaHlIe aa Caparpos." 4. IIIecT nena no rpatiaysarsero na 9.9.1901 ronaaa BO CeJ1HllTe, MHC CTOH 6HJIa aarepaaa )J;aro aamnne npBOTO nacxo co mTO rpetiano ,n:asane-mar rrperosopare 3a orxyn. nRCMOTO 6HJlO ,nHKTHpaHO OA CaHp;aHCKH n qepHoneeB, a uejse II 5HJIO OCTaBeHO na o,nJIyqn P;Oxoro Ke ro anpecapa, Taa ce onnyaana sa KOCTa,n:HH ITeTKafiqHH, rrpOTeCTaHT on Bancxo a Hej3HR crap npajaren. Op; Hero e rrocapaao na ro H3BeCTlI KaCHepOT aa aMepIIKaHCKHOT COBeT BO Ilaparpau, Banajav nOT, nexa sa HlIBHOOT orxyn ce 6apaaT 25 000 T. nnpn:.511bfneAa KypBpOT He ro Hamon ITeTKaH'IUH, a- IllICMOTO ro OCTaBWI na HemBnOT rrpar.Hcrnramen on roa Ilerxamaa ro npenan IIHCMOTO na BJIaCTa co IDTO nponanaan rrpBHOT 06BP; aa OTIIOQHYBafbe aa rrperoaopare.P Ha TOj aa-ran HCTeKJIe 11 0)1;20 neaananeaa KaKO POK BO IIRCMOTO, 6e3 }l;a ce IIOCTlIfHe HHKaKOB aanpenox.P'Toram, Mac CTOH 5HJIa narepana na HaIIHme IIHCMO AO npOTeCTaHTCKIIOT MnCHOHep BO CaMoKoB, n-p XaCKeJI. Hero ro onaen JIHqHO KPCTO AceHoB.54Toj na 24.9.1901 ronaaa ro npenan IIHCMOTO HII3 rrposop 0 BCQe3Han. Bo IIHCMOTO 6Hno aarnaceno nexa rrapare rpeda na ce nonecar BO Bancxo, xane xerara Ke ro opranasapa npHeMOT. Ilparoa 6HJI ):(aneH POK op; 18 neaa. 3ae.D:HO co IIHCMOTO 5uJIO .n:OCTaBeHOII nOJlHOMOWTBO on MHC CTOH H QnJIKa co xoe ):{OCTaBYBa'tJ'OTa rrHCMOTOMO)l{eJI na ra rrplIMH napare, Xacxerr aa n 28 CeIlTeMBpH, ce namon BO Ilaparpan. TaMY ce CpeTHaJI co BHJ1jaM IlHT, BpeMeHHOT aMepHKaHCKH rrpeTCTaBHHK EJllI Ileacep," H co JlOTOraIlIHHOT reaepanea astepaKaHCKH KOH3yn BO Llaparpan Hapnc )l;HKeHcoH. I1ocrre.D:HHOT aa 4.10.1901 ronana rrpHCTlIfHaJI BO CO¢Hj a.56 Bo cnysajor MHc CTOH ce BMeWaJI H AMepHKaHcKHoT nenapraetrr. Toj IIO"tIHaJI na naaa HHC.Tpy~HH )':(0AHKeHcoH H Jlejmuaa, IIpHToa o6jaByBajKH .n:eKaIlenaprMeHTOT HeMa.D:a ce 3aHHMaBa co rrpamarsero, a uenara onrosoprrocr sa orxynor j a 57 npenynrra BO pauere aa JIejmMaH. Bo spesre na arpepara, CAg H Byrapaja HeMa· JIe gHpeKTHH ):{mmOMaTCKH OnROCH.AMepHKaHcKHTe anrepeca BO Byrapnja ra sacTanYBaJIO aHfJIHCKOTO npe'rcraaaanrrao. Bo 1901 rO):{HHa CAn H Byrapaja nomamane cnoronoa aa orsopau,e na aMepHKaHcKo npercrasaaurrao BO Codmja. Ha 3 jyna 1901 sa aMepHKaHCKH npercraaaax BO Corpaja 6uJI npennoaceu AOTO· raDIHHOT reaepanea KOH3yn BO Llaparpan, qapnc AHKeHcoH. Meryroa, HerOBliOT craryc He 5lUI nOTBpAeH 0)1;41epglffiaHp;.58 Ilo npacrararsero aa .u;HKeHcoH BO COcpH· ja, aHfJIHCKH npeTcTaBHHK Ilejac MaK Tperop ja H3HeJI axepaxaacxara sarpaxeHOCTaa MDc CTOH rrpen 5yrapcKaTa anana, 0)':( nea notiapan na rrpesesre MepKH sa cpaKaI-be aa xerara, xoja Mox<e6H 6Ma rrOTTHKHaTa Oil: Bopac Caparpos, If nofiapan
so MCTQ, 40·41.; Aptpas aa Maxenoaaja (AM), cP. tI>OPHH OcPHC ($0), 18.09.t901, ColPuja.
51 S2

Mcp. 331 78/5148, No. 139,

IT. B.illepMaH, Floxcapa

B

nnamraara ..., 35.

CnoMeHH aa .sIae CaHp;aHcKIL., 20. S3 M. MaK,!l,epMOT, 3a csotiona H CDBpmeaCTBo ..., 76. ~ CrroMeHH sa SlHe CaHJl:aHCKJI 20. ..., ,5 Jl.B.illepMaH, IToX<.apaB nnaaaaara ..., 36-37. 56 M. MaK,!l,epMOT, 3a csofiona B CDBpmeBCTBo..., 76. >7 IT. Bdllepscaa, Iloxapa B IlJH1HKKaTa ... , 41-42. 58 Hero,42.

61

na He My nonynrrar HaT a nperrrocraaxa

na ja aarrynrra 3eMjaTa.59 MaK Tperop ja HanYllITIDI rropaaemnexa rpatiaysaxare ce TypCKIl neseprepa a CMeTaJI nesa Tile ce so spcxa co BPXOBHHOT KOMItTeT (BK) H nesa ce xpajar OKOJIY PRJICKlIOT Maaacrap, Byrapcxara anana, serana )l;eKa Ke ro aanrnenysa B. Caparpos, HO 3a6eJIe}1(aJIa p;eKa TOj

sexe He e cpaKTOp BO BK.60 MaK fperop

ro n3BeCTlfJI JIeRjmMaH

BO Ilaparpan, nexa 6yrapcKaT8 BJI8):1aHe e nonrorseua p;a rrpeaaesre nejcrso H nesa Caparpos liMa MHory npaspsaaana BO MaKe,Il;OHHja, KOIl6n: MO:>KeJIep;a ['0 H3BpmaT rpatiayeas.ero." Taxa, 6yrapcKaTa anana HeOCHosaHO ce nanrna BO nesronaa nOJIo}K6a HaKO rrpesena cepo:03HII MepKB.. AMeplIKaHcKlIOT COBeT sa rrponaranna IIgp}KaSImOT nenapxesr 06jaBlrne nexa HeMa na ro IInaTaT OTKyrrOT sa MHC CTOH, 6H)J;ejtB: co Toa 6u ce C03,Il;a.Jlonacea rrpecenan. Ilenaprnerrror He MO)KeJI )J;a0]J;06PH cpencrsa aa orxynor 6e3 .n;03S0JIa aa Konrpecor aa CA.TI,.62 Ha 3.10.1901 rO)J;HHa, aMepBKaHcKHoT p;p}KaSeH cexpeTap My npenopaaan aa cesperapor na AMeplIKaHCKHOT coser, nexa napare sa OTzyn MO}KaT na ce cotiepar no nar aa P;06POBOJIHH npWI03H. llCTOBpeMeHO BeTlIJI nexa 8)J;MHHHCTParwjaTa iCero y6e;n;0:KOHrpeCOT na rn BpaTH napare na naparenare. 3a raa nen BO CA.TI, 60:JI q,opMHpaH KOMHTeT II 61:1JIaoraopeaa rrocefiaa CMeTKa BO 6aHKa. Bo Taa CMHCJIa na 24.9. 1901 rO)J;HHa, ,II;enapTMeHToT ra H38eCTDJI CBOlITe npeTcTaBHBI(H BO Ilaparpan nesa BJIa)l;8Ta aa CALI: H aMepHK8HcKn:OT COBeT He ja rrpeasexar op;rOBopHOCT aa nnaxarse H8 OTKyrrOT, HO HeMa )J;a npexar aa )J;06poBOJIHHTe npllJl03H.63 ,IJ;enapTMeHToT, lIaKO H3jaBDJI AeKa HeMa na ce 3aHHMaBa co rrperOBopH sa orxyn, BeTHJI nOMOW II conejcrso. Toj rrpenopasan care aKTHBHOCTH rta ce KOOPAHHHpaaT rrpeKy BHJ1I1jaM Ilar, KaCIIepOT na AMepHKaHCKDOT MlIClIOHepCKD COBeT BO Ilaparpan," JJ:HKeHCOHBO Coqmja npacrarnan na 4.10.1901 rOJI;BHa. Toj ra 3a60paBHJI HHcrpyxaaare O)J;,IJ;enapTMeHToT II ce 06ja8l1J1 38 oq,~HjaneH rrocpemrax BO nperonopare. Toj My HanOMeHaJI aa Crojaa A8HeB - 6yrapcKH MHHKCTep sa aansopemaa pa60TH, )J;eKa O)J;BJIeKysaH>eTO e opranasapano OA BK II nexa sa O)J;fOBopHa Ke ja gP}KH 6yrapcKaTa snana. Bo raa CMHCJIa HCnpaTlUI nosexe 06BHHIITeJIHH HOTH. Byrapaja ce tipaaena nexa rpatiaysaa.ero 6I1no aa rypcxa reparopaja H nexa He MO)Ke.n;a ce p;OKa)Ke IIpUCYCTBOTO aa rpa5HYBaqlITe BO Byrapaja, Byrapcxaor MHHHCTep sa BHaTPemHII pa60TII, MBX8lUI Caparpos, co HOTa ro B3BeCTHJI ;D;IIKeHCOH, .n;eK8HeM a Aa P;03BOJIO:OTKynOT ga ce 113BpmlI aa 6yrapcKa reparopaja 6HAejtH: co Toa 611 ce C03)J;aJInpecenaa, KOj iCe ro xopacrar H p;pyrH rpariaysa-ra 0,0;Typqn:ja. He3aBHCHO o.n;Toa ;D;HKeHcoH nponecosan co rrpHTHCOKOT, sanarajxa ce )J;ypH.n;a oprasasapa concmeaa aerpara." Heronoro omrecysarse npanoaeno BO MapT 1902 ronana, p;a 6:n:p;enpo[,JI8CeH aa HenO}KeJIHa JIH"QHOCT Byrapaja." BO Hero, 43. na MaKel101mja (AM), cllOH,D; (q,): elloPIIH Oq,I:IC (ellO), 5148, No. 139, 18.09.1901, Corpaja, bl II. B. Illepxaa, IImKepl:l B IlJIaHKHaTa •••, 43. 62 HCTO, 45. 63 Mero, 45-46. 64 Hero, 46. ss MCTO, 46-50. Ii6 M. Masnepxor, 3a ceoeona II C'bBpmeHCTBo •.. , 77.
59

60 ApXHB

MI:IKpOq,W1M

6p.

(Mq,)

331,78/

62

Bo Ha~MygpYBaIbaTa co 6yrapcKaTa BJIa~a ,TI;HKeHcoHH3I'y6nn )J;OJlI'O speve. Bo MefYBpeMe IIOnpaKTlNeH 6H.lI aMepHKaHCKJIOT spmnren aa pa60TlITe BOIJ;apHrpan Ena Ileacep. Toj 3HaeJI nexa sa orxynor ce 6apaT 25.000 JIHpH. 3a cezoja esearyannocr, o~ BJIaCTa noGapan na He ja OIIKOJIYBa II aanara serara rrpen OCJIOGo,qYBalbeTO aa Mac CTOH. Toj CTaIIlUI BO KOHTaKT BO PYCKlIOT npeTcTaBHHK 311ROBjeB, KOj cnopen Hero HMaJI BJIHjaHHe Bp3 IJ;K. 3HHoBjeB BeTHJ1nexa Ke nanpasa ce mTO e MOX<HO.67 Bo MeryspeMe HCTeKYBaJI xpajrraor POK mTO ro nOCTaBHJ1axerara BO mICMOTO no XaCKeJI. E~Ha He)J;eJIarrpen Toa, ,I(HKeHcoH ce 0AJIYllIDI aa crracarenaa astraja. Ha 7.10.1901 ronaaa TOj pasopan nexa xerara ce naora aa TIRpIlH. 3aToa npennaran 3ae,qHWIKa asnaja na OCMaHJIRCKaT8 GyrapcKaTa apMHja sa Hej3HHo cpaKalbe II H OCJl060.rlYBaIbe aa 3anOX<HlIqKHTe. QBOj IIJIaH 611JI xareropaxao orrppnen. 68 Hessajza 1I3JIe3, ,Il;uKeHcoH ce O,Il;JIyqw:Iaa rrperosopa co qeTaTa. IIotmTysajm ro p;ap;eHIIOTPOK, p;-p XaCKeJI na 8 OKTOMBPHce BpaTBJI BO CassoKOB. Meryroa 0)1;qeTaTa HeMano ImKaKOB CHI'HaJI, aepojarno nopana HaG.JbY)l;ysalbaTa o}:t BJ1aCTa.69 Ha 25.10.1901 ronana, K. AceHOB I'O)J;OCTaBHnBTOPOTOllHCMO o~ MHc CTOH)l;O n-p Xacxen. Co Hero POROT sa OTKynOT 6RJI rrpOnOJIXeH sa 8 neaa. Toram Xacxen ce o6ageJ1.n:a nperosapa aa nOHHCKa neaa, 3aToa, Aceaos ce spaTRJ1aasan aa na ce KOHcYJlTHpa co xerara, XaCKeJI sa BocnOCTaBeHHOT KOHTaKT ro H3BeCTlIJI )J;HKeHcoH. Toj npHCTHrHaJI BO CaMoKoB aa 29 OKTOMBPR 1901 ronana, TpH nena rrpen Toa, Ilazencoa n06RJ1 asaecryaasse on ,IJ:errapTMeHToT ,n;eKa0,0;)1;06POBOJIHHTe IIpIDI03H BOCA,IJ: 6IDIe c06paHII 66.000$. EAH Ileacep II BWUIjaM IIIIT CMeTaJIe nesa ,IJ:lIKeHcoH co CBoeTO rrpllCYCTBO lte My nonpesa aa X3CKen. Cenax, ,IJ;IIKeHcoH He ycnean )l;a ce cperne co K. AceHOB OHJI:ejm TOj ce sparan BO qeTaTa.70 Bo MefYBpeMe PYCKIIOT glIIDIoMaTCKH npeTCTaBHIlK BO Corpaja BaXMaTHeB npexy K. Bojanaes BocrrOCT3BHJ1 KOHTaKT BO crynerrror' Jlasap TOMOB. IIpeKY Hero, co nocpencrso aa HHKOJIa Manemescxa GWIO acrrpareao IIIICMO .n:oMac CTOH on Hej3HHaTa rropaaemaa yxeaaaxa Kacaposa." MHc eTOH onrosopana na sanaara crpana on rmCMOTO. MCToBpeMeHo Taa aarramana nacssa nc ,IJ:IIKeHcoH 11 go Hej3BHOTO cesrejcrao. CnoMeHaTBBe IIRCMa I'll sene K. Ace HOB H qepHorreeB, KOB saenHO co JI. TOMOB 3aMlIHaJIe aa CQ(pHja.72 Ha 31 OKTOMBPH Jl. TOMOB, IIpeKY BojauIIeB ra npenan nnCMaTa)l;O EaxMaTHes.13 Toj ro H3BeCTHJI~KeHcoH, nexa }:(omOJI lIOBeK aa nperosopa. Ha 5 HoeMBpH 1901 rOAHHa BO XOTeJIOT Byrapaja, ,IJ:HKeucoH ce CpeTHaJI co K. AceROB. Bensam noroa aa 8 HoeMBpH HMa.J1 cpenoa co Hepaonees, a na 13 HoeMBpH co nsajuara. Bo H3BemTaHTe ,n;HKeHcoH 3aGeJ1e:>KaJI exa n AceHOB My aarrpaaan BIIe1J:aTOK,HO He a Hepnoneen. Ha nOCJIegHaTa cpenria • .II:IIKeHCOHnoaynan 10.000 JIHpH. Ilperosapaxare o,n;I'oBOpRJ1e rrpexy nocpemrarta nexa He ja IIpHcpaKBT 110Hy)J;eHaTa cyMa. 3aToa, ,TI;HKeHcoH HcnpaTRJI YJITIlMaTyM AOKOJIKY

67 AM. 4>.
68
69
70

<1>0, M4>. 332,78/5124, No. 360,6.10.1901. J1. B. Illepscaa, ITO)l(apB B IUla.HBHaTa ..., 51-53. MCTO, 53.

MCTO,54. 11 IlJIeHSlBaHeTo aa MuC'b EJI. Crom, ..., 27. 72 M. MaK,1l.epMOT, 3a csoeona H csspmeacrso ..., 77. 7:l 11. B. Illepssaa, ITO)l(apH B naaaaaara .... 55.

63

sa enna aenena He ra nparparar 10.000 JIHPH, napare K".ece BpaTaT nasan, a TOj K".e ce OTKa)Ke on: nperosopare. 3a na 6~e rroy6eJ1:JIIIB aa 26.11.1901 rO)J;HHa,TOj ja HanyIIITIDI Codnqa R 3aMJIHaJI sa Ilaparpan," Cnopen ITeTpoB, J];HKeHcoH BO rrperosopare ce onaecyaan on: BHCOKOII He CaKaJI na nperosapa co pa360jHKqH. HeMY My 6nno onrosopeao nexa THe He ja npaanaaar 6yrapcKaTa snana, nexa raa e HHBeH aenpajaren 0: ,n;OKOJIKY ce oCYTOj go: na ra npenane aa 6yrapcKHTe BJIaCTH,He Ke ro OCTaBaT>KHB,a H caxa He Ke ce rrpenana'r )KHBll. OTTYKa ,I1;HKeHcoH,rra3apJIaKOT, ro 3arrOQHaJI co 5.000 T. JIHpH.75 I1MajKH ro rrpep;BHJJ; onaecysarsero na ,IJ;HKeHcoH,neua COMHeHllen:eKa TOj ce npscen 3aKaHysaQKH KOH nperoaapaxare. Bo TOj KOHTeKCTcoceua e onpaBn:aHo TBpn:elheTO aa CaHn:aHCKH JJ;eKagOJJ;eKaAceHOB nperoaapan, Hepaonees sapnen o}J;nanBOp.76

r.

,Il)IKeHcoH He MO)l{en na ra y6eJ1:n rrperosapasare sa BHCHBaTa aa oTKynOT. OCBeH rca, THe HHCHCTHpane rrapare ua ce npenanar BO Byrapaja, a OCJIo60gyBaH.eTO aa 3anO)KHHQKHTe p;a 6Hn:e aa OCMaHJIHCKa reparopaja. Hacnpora Toa IlaKeHCKoH HHCHCTHpan npenasaaero na napare Ii OCJI060n:YBaIbeTO aa >KeHHTe na ce B3BpmaT BO HCTOspesre H MeCTo.77 Haxo BocrrOCTaBDJI)J;upeKTHH KOHTaKTH co axrepare aa rpa6HYBaH:.eTO, TOj 6RJl y6ep;eH nexa rrOTTHKHysa"tJOT6lIJ1 Caparpos. )J;HKeHCOHBepYSaJI n:eKa KH,lJ,HanHpaHHTeu;eJ10BpeMe npecrojyaane BO Byrapaja, Ha xpaj TO) ce COMHeBan BOnperosapasrrre 30WTO no ceKOD rrperOBopH 6apa.rre,n;a ce KOHCYJITHpaaT co CBOBTenpercraanana BO MaKe;n;OHHja.78 Ilopana CBOHTe My;n;pyaalba )J;HKeHCOHja 3ary61IJI noaeptiara BO CA):l IlerrapTMeHTOT KOHCTaTHpaJIn:eKaTOj 3ary6HJ1 npesnrory spexe BO06a,n;Hp;a m ;n;OKa}J{e caoare aaona rrpOTHB 6yrapcKaTa anana, HaMeCTO n:a ra HaCOqHCRJUlTe sa ocno60n:ysalbe aa Mac CTOH.79 Mefyroa, AHKeHCOH He 6IDI e,n;HHCTBeHllOT rrperOBapaq. BpmHTeJIOT na pa60TIITe BO Ilaparpan BO npBaTa p;eKa;n;aaa HoeMBpII noriapan n:03BOlIa on: JJ:errapTMeHTOT, BO ConYH na ro acnpara neranaoaaor cexperap I'ap80 HCTO TaKa ce anraxapan I;llIOJIO sa na BOCIIOCTaBHKOHTaKT CO'lleTaTa. H ;n;n:peKTOPOT J.la aMepHKaHCKHOT KOlIeJ) BO Ilaparpan. Toj rrpe;n;JIO)I{IDIBO OKOJIHHaTa aa COJIYH na ce acnparar nyfe IIITO ro 3HaaT ja3HKoT na naceneaaero. DBOj npennor ro rrpHq,aTHJIO rrpeTCTaBHlUIITBOTO BO Ilaparpan H noriapano p;03BOJIaon: IlerraprMeHTOT sa nperosopare na ra aarazcapa I'apnaono H IIIIT co npennor on: 66.000$15.000 T. mqm. ,I1;errapTMeHToT npennoscaana ce cpopMHpa KOMHTeT sa rrperoBopH. Hcrcapexeao aa Aa ce oxecaa aeroaara pafiora 6ID10 pa3rJIaCeHO neaa aa OTKYUOT ce pacrronara co 66.000$. AOKonKY 11Toa He ycnea.rro, Toralil aa CAA 11M ocraaysane 3 ounaa; 1. ;n;aro IIJIaTaT u;eJIBOTorsyn 0;0;25.000 JIHpIl; 2. na noriapaar 0;0;Typnaja H Byrapaja soeaa a~ja sa cpaKalbe aa xerara: n: 3. na ce rrpHHy)J;H 6yrapcKaTa BJIa)J;a ja rrpeseue onroaopnocra na sa OCJI060,n;YBalbeTo sa Mile eTOH,
Hero, 55-56. 7S Topxe ITe1'pOB, Cnouena. Kopecrroaaeanaja, (sosea, KOMeRTap a peAa~a: Cr{Qrrje, 1984, 154.
14 76

Jhy6eR JIane),

n AM,4>. eo, McI>, 331, 78/5148, No 161, 14.11.1901. 78 Hero. 79 JI. E. Illepuaa, IIO>KapH B nnaaaaara ... 72. so HCTo, 56.

CnOMeHI:I na .sIRe CaRAaHCK1L.,

20.

64

OTKaKOi.e ce acnparar BoeHR 6pOAOBRBOBapHa.81 5. HRKOj on axrepare BO xannanaparsero He nOMBCJIYBaJI exa rrperosopa're n i.e ce YCJIQ)KHaT.o;o Oj crenes, TaKa IIITO uenara aKI.J.Kja rpae rrOJIOBUHa T na ronana. Bo TaKBa caryauaja nocerien rrpofinesr rrpeTCTaBYBaJIO qYBalbeTO aa 3aJIQ)KHIIll.BTe aa 6e36e,IJ;HO MeCTO.Co Toa 6RJI sanonscea CaHJJ;aHCKH. qeTaTa Mopana nocrojaao n 6p30 na ce ;n:BH)KH. Toa 6l1JIOOTelKHaTO 0):1noaexe OKonHOCTH.OCMaHJIUCKlITe rrorepa ce pa3JIeTaJIe nacexane BOTInpHH. Ilpecrojor Ha 6yrapcKa TepHTOpRja ce nOKa)KaJI He carypea 1I0pa):lH npeaaeaesare MepKH on fiyrapcxa crpaaa. Kaxo 3arp03YBaT.fKII cpaKTop ce IIojaBIDIa BPXOBIICTlIlJKaTaxe'ra na Iloaso. nBH)KeH.eTO na xerara saenao co 3aJImK.HllI.J.I:ITe 611JIO ynrre nOTemKO co ornen aa ¢aKToT mTO cTaHYBaJIO360p sa }l{eHii. Mac CTOH 6IIna aa 55-ro;n:HIIIHa B03paCT,82a Karepaaa [(HJIKa BO MOMeHTOTna rpafiayaarse-ro 6RJla 6peMeHa BO 5 Meceu;. IIoJIo}l{6aTa YUITe rIOBeKe ce YCJIO)l(HYBaJIa aarrpenyaarsero aa Hej3HHaTa 6peMeHocT. OTco TYKa, xerara aa CaHgaHcKH ce aanma BO MOIIIHe ,Ele.JIHKaTHaaryanaja, Bo enea c MOMeHTaa oxajanae J aae, rrpen [(UJIKa, IICKa:>KaJI )l(aJIel:be nopana HHBHOTO rpa6nyaasse II nexa HUKoram noaexe neerano na npaoerae KOHTaKERMeTO,D;U noararse sa AO napa, KOJIKYa na 6UJle norpetina aa ocrsapynau.e aa HerOBUTe H,D;eaJUI.83 He3aBHcHo OA CJIO}l{eHaTa caryanaja, qeTaTa rracrojyaana BO paxzare na CBOI:ITe MO)KHOCTU ra 06e36e)l;R CIITe HeoIIXoAHoCTH a "y:n;o5cTBa" aa >KeHUTe. na CaMO raxa MO)l(eJIOAa ce 3aMeHlI pacrpojcrsoro xaj 3aJIOJKHnqKlITexca rrpaare 584 6 nena penosao I1naqeJIe. Emrocrasao, )KeHHTe Tpe6ano p;aja nparparar pearrHOCTaII na CBUKHaT IJ:eTHW"IIrnOT na )KIIBOT,a xerara rpetiano J];aCBHKHe HHBHHTe na MO)l(HOCTIIII rrorpetia. Bropaor geH no rpaonyaaaero sa HIIB 6uJIe 06e36e):(eHH KOFbII. Cexoraur HM 6n:na npeanaraaa najnoopara xpaaa co xoja pacnonarane, qeCTo 611JIe rrpanrysaaa InTO caxaar lIaKO peaJIHO H350pOT 611JI rpaHIIIJ:eH. Bo Cenanrra, KaJJ;e O mTO cenanare ne60T ro nesene ilOA BPWHIIK, 6paWHOTO co xoe ce npasen nef sa ABeTe }KeRR 6Rno ceaao nsanara HII3 CPHHO xorrpaaeno ClITO, HaKO roa He 6Hno npaxca BOTOj xpaj . Ilpyrna'r, enea qeTHHKA06lIn3aAaIJ:a):la najne jajna, EIIgejt:n He ycnean na aaine HUTYaa napa, TOj ce BTYPHaJIBOUPBHOT,IJ;BOp OKOj 3a6eJIe)KaJI xoxomxa. B 3ae):lHO co )l.OMaKUH1ITea 3aTBOpIIJIeKOKOIlIKHTeBOxomapa, a TOj OCTaHaJIIOKpaj r I HBB co peBOJIBep lJeKajKlI)l;a caecar jajua," ElIgejItn KHJ];HarrllpaHllTe 611JIecpaTeHHBOJIeTHH aJIIIWTa, co aarrpenysarsero aa ecerrra II 311MaTa, eonxonao 6BJIOga ce 06e36eAaT co coonaerna 06JIeKa. 3aToa a HeKOJIKynaTII :n;06HJIeMaTHO II npyr aeonxonea MaTepHjaJI aa ga co: cspojar n: conrajar TOIIna otinexa. Iloxpaj HeOIIXOAHOTO IIJIaTHO,HOX<HIUf, l'JIlI Ii KOHIJ;H, H nypa 6n:JIe 06e36eAeHH aanpcrsana, sorrnnsa II nrapara sa yxpacysaae aa 06JIeKaTa.86 )J;BeTe }KeRn:1I3pa6oTHJIe ofinexa sa o'sexysaaoro 5e6e. Henocpenno npen HeroIII

HCTO, 72-73.

82 Mac Enen CTOH 6HJla ponesa BO 1846 rOJ:lKHa BO POKc,f)PK BO .ll.p:lKaBaTa Macaxyrec. (M. MaK.II.epMOT, 3a caosona H C"bBpmeHCTBo .... , 71.). Taa nOqHHaJIa BO .ll.eKeMBp" 1927 ronana BO qeJICB - Macaxyrec.Ul. B. DIepMaH, Flossapa B ITJIaHmlaTa , lOS). 83 M. MaKAepMOT, 3a csotiona H C"hSpmeHCTBo , 73. 84 Cnoueaa aa SIHe CaH.II.aHcKH ... , 20. !IS M. MaK)l;epMOT, 3a cBo5o.ll.a 11C"bBpmeHCTBo ... , 78.
86

HCTO.

65

BOTO paraae

TOa HManO ..npexpacaa

rapneporia - onenara

ce

nopaoeaa

II 1136poP;H-

paaa, a KomYJIKIITe ceco 6e36poj IIJIHce~a RYKpaclI".87 OSHe aKTIIBHOCTH ):{eJIYMHO ro rroIIOJIHYSaJIe apesrero aa 3aJIOXHII"lIKRTe. Cenas Tile co aerpneaae ro oxexysane BpaKaFDeTO aa K. Aceaos aa ):(a pasfiepar ,11;0 ane ce nperoaopare. Toj s npBCTHI'HaJI BO npensesepaero aa ,IJ;eHoT aa 6JIarO}l.apHOCTa.88 IIopa;O;H aeycnerrrROCTa BO nperoaopme co )J,HKeHCOH, a ga He HM ro o6e36eAeHa MHcHpKa,

Rile AceHOB ce rrpaxpan 0;0;HHB.Asrepaxancxaor

pacerrerrpaaaaxaoro pacnonoscerrpasaax xerara ro o,ll;6eJIe)l{arra

aa

IIplITo):{eH

Ha"llHH. SMa

xoja

6nJI 3rOTBeHa no

ynarcraa

aa }I{eHHTe. Cnopen Mac CTOH ,,):{eHOTrrOMHHa nOBeceJIO, OTKOJIKY InTO 01.JeKYBaBMe
p;eKa e MmKHO" ..89 BOpIITe

Cnenaaor

;n:eHAceHOB lIM

ja

KroKaJI

nenpajaraara

BeCT 0;0;pasro-

co .JJ;IIKeHCOH, nparoa 11:0;n;aBajKB::"Cera lte Be OABe):leMe TOJIKY nanexy, WTO gYPH II IIT~Te HeMa JJ;a3HaaT KaJJ;eCTe ... AKO e HeOIIXOJJ;HO,5 rOAHHII lte Be }J;p)KHMe,HO napare Ke ra ;n:06neMe''.90

omen aa aanpenaarara ecea H npercrojaara 3HMa, KaKO 1:1 O;O;OnrOBJIeKYnatsero aa rrperOBopIITe ce rrojasan npennor 1.JeTaTa na ce npeCeJIII BO ApnaacxoTO Esepo, xane WTO rycrrrre TpCKH AaBaJIe mapoxa MO)!{}lOCT aa npaxpasarse H 1136erHysaae aa cypOBaTa IIJIaHHHCKa 31IMa. Meryroa, O)l;JIy1JWIe .n;ace 3aAP)l{aT BO Ilapas." Hajnonro speve xerara npecrojysana OKOJIY CemUIITe D IIOKpOBHHK.
Co

Emra Holt BO Cenamre

BO cocenaara a

co6a ce

aamne rpojua 3aIITHH. JJ:OMaKHHOT ra
OTTaMY 3aMHHane BO

orrajaaan 3anTHHTe, Cynraxxara IInaHHHa
6II.92

serara
Ka,IJ;errrro

ce H3BJIeKJIa He3a6eJIeXaHa.

ocraaane

41l.eHa 80

cneuajanao

nplITOTBeHH KOJIII-

,IJ;oAeKa

srera'ra

ce KpUeJIa op; OCMaHJIHCKHTe nOTepH,

HOCT O,IJ; BPXOBHCTlJtIKHOT sojaona ,I(OIPIO. Toj

raa ce naruna BO onac6HJI .n;OTOJIKY noonacea 6n:.n;ejm KaKO

crap apaMRja OP;JIH"lIHOro rr03HaBaJI TepeHOT II YCJIOBIiTe. CaHp;aaCKII BO CBOlITe crrosteaa sena: "li.MaB qBHmII rrpersycrao, nexa JJ:OHlIO i:e p;ojll.e. COHYSaB enea

. jase.

COH II 6eB

ysepea,

nesa Ke CTaHe HeUITo".93 HaBIICTllHa aa CaH,lI;aHCKII, lJepHoIIeB
UYMajcKO. HalIOpHTe II

COROT ce rrpeTBopmr

.

BO

3a¢aTeHOCTa np0611BOT

Aceaos co arpepara

ro OJIeCHIIJIO

aa C. MRxajJIOB rrpexy )l;eMaCKHpaFbe aa BpXOBHCTIRKaTa nOJIHTl:IKa rrpen naceneaaero He ycneane sa P;OJIrOna ro crrpe-rar BPXOBBCTH1.JKHOT HaJIeT.94 0)]; CrpYMH1IK0 CTlITnaJIa BeCT nesa JJ:OH"110 cnean na ro y <paTH II JIIIKBHAIIpa Y'qIITeJIOTAnexcaacnap MJJHeB- yqecHBK BO onanexysarsero na MHC CTOH. 0.0; sera .u:0HT!0 ce ,IJ;o6pan .0;0 opranasauaoaara ImIcppa.95 Jlopana THe HaCTaRB qepHoneeB II Aceaos, rpraane na pasaepat nITO ce cnysysa u na ce aa ,IJ;01f1{O80
crrpOTHBCTaBaT.

C. Maxajnon

ra H3BecrHJI nesa Caea rpraan

0,11; JJ:ymmu;a BO rrouom

81 IT. B. Illepaas, I10:lKapH B WIaHHHaTa ... , 64. 88 OcpaqujaneH npa3HHK aa CM ( BO nocnenaaor qeTBpTOK aa HoeMBpliI) BO xecr sa DpBIiITe KOJlOH03aTopn: aa Macasyrec, KOj Tpa;O;OIl;HOHaJIHO npocnasysaa ce co nexeaa MKCllpKH. (M. MaIQJ;epMoT, 3a caooona H C"bBpmeHC'rBO .... , 77. 6eJIeIDKa 34.). &9 M. Maxgepaor, 3a cBo6ona H C'bBpmeHCTBo ... , 77. 90 Hem, 78. 91 Hero, 79. 92 CnOMeHH aa SlHe CaB;o;aHcKH 20. ..., 93 Hero, 21. 94 nOOIIImlpHO aa roa BH,ll;O: nOMeH1l aa C. Mma:A.n:OB..., 88-89. C 'IS M. MaKAePMOT, 3a CBofio){a B C'bBpmeHCTBo •.•, 80.

66

aa .D:OH'llO.THe ro npecperaane n pasopyscane Caes 80 Cenanrre, Bo MeryspeMe )1;03H8JIe nexa ,IJ,0H'll0 cofipan rOJIeMa =era sa na ro aananae CaH)1;aHCKH H Aa ra O)l;3eMe }KeHHTe. Toj 11MBeTHJI aa ytIeCHHIJ;HTe BO aKIJ;HjaTa IIO 20 JIHpU, enea peBOJIBep H IIO enaa MaHJIBXepa. 3a Aa AooHjaT BO spene Hepaorrees H Acenon ce o6np;eJle na rrperosapaar co )J;OHl{O, HO roa He AaJlO pe3YJITaTII.96 Bo TaKBII OKOJIHOCTBCaHp;aHcKB OCTaHaJI co HeKOJIKYMBHa tIeTHUU;1l BO TpocKOSO. TaMOWHHOT CeJICKH paKOBOp;HTeJI, Cnace, TPeOaJIO na 06e36egH KypHp KOj Ke ra onsene BO p;pyro npnOe)KHllITe. Mefyroa nopana snoynorpetia aa opraaasaU;HOHlI nape, Cnace nOM.IIH8JI na crpanara na BK. 97 ITo neroaa 1l0KaHa BO TPOCKOBO neuron )J;OHqO co 78 JIyre, KOII ce CMeCTIlJIe OKOJIY neroaara KyKa. 983a6eJIe}KYBajm nesa KypRpOT )1;OU;HH, CaHp;aHCKH HCrrpaTHJI CBOHrryre Kaj Cnace sa na g03HaaT IDTO ce cnysyna. THe aeaanejao owe nananaara oA ,D;OHtIOH e;n;Baj ce CnaCHJIe co OercTBo.99 Be)J;HalII noroa AOlf1l0 BcnpaTIUI ):IBe}KeHB BO KYKaTa Raj CaHp;aHCKH sa na nofiapaar rasaja, HO co sanasa na orxpajar KOJIKaSa e q:eTaTa. THe Olme 3aAP)KaHIl B no pacIIHToT npasaane .u;eKace acnpareaa 0)1;,IJ,0H'l!0. Hatipso aarroxaana Mety. cefina npecrpensa, xoja TpaeJIa uena HOK. Toram CaH]:(aHCKH ra rrpeMeCTHJI MBC eTOH H lJ,RJIKa so enaa n06e36e.n;Ha coria so BHaTpemHOCTa aa KytaTa. EH]:(ejKH ,D;OHtIOHe )1;03Harr KOJIKaBa e =erara na CaHp;aHCKH He ce OCMeJIBJI p;a nananne 0)]; 6JIB3Y. YTpOTO )J;OHtIO, IIcrrpaTBJI .rrapnauearapeu" sa na COOnIllTH nexa TOj ro naIIymTBJI CeJIOTO, Meryroa. napnaaearapenor OHJI rrperrosnar II y6ReH.lOOBp30 noroa )J;seTe qeTII ro aanynrrane CeJIOTO. Ha nar KOH JIemKO. CaH)J:aHCKII ra CpeTHaJI Hepaoneee II AceHOB, xoa BO):leJIe 50 CeJIaHH aa nOMOIII, HO ,UOHqO BeKe ce rrOBJIeKOJI.101

ITo cyp,HpOT co AOHtIO, CaHgaHcKII co 3aJIO}KHBtIKHTe rrOBTopHO ja MBHaJI rpaHHu;aTa rra Byrapaja II ce CMeCTBJIe BO c. U;psHIIITe. TaMY OCTaHaJIe OKOJIY 3 Ce)];MHU;H, a nperosopare HHKaKO na ce )J:OBep;aTnpa xpaj, Bpeseero sa noponyaaa,e aa lJ,IIJIKa Ha6JIIDKYSaJIo. CJIO)l(eHaTa R aanaara caryauaja ro rrpanynana CaH)1;aHCKB aa 17.12'.1901 rO)J;HHa p;a H coormrra aa MHC CTOH, nexa Tile ce rOTOBB na KaKBa OUJIO CYMa.102 OqajHHtImOT MOMeHT xaj CaHp,aHCKII ro 3aOeJIe)l(aJI .11X. qepHorrees: "Jac CyM ro BII)];YBaJI CO IIOT aa rOJIaTa rnasa cpen 311MCKIITe Mpa3eBH OKOJIY Hac. CYM ro BII)];eJI]:(a H36erHYBa casr Mety APBjaTa, p;a ra CTHCKaronesnrre jyxpyna II p,a cxpua co 3a6HTe".103
ClIJIHHTe 6yrapcKB rrOTepH ro IIpHHy;n;UJIe CaH)J;aHCKH rrOBTopHO p,a ce BpaTH BO Maxenoaaja. Toj llJIaHBpaJI .n;a3aMRHe BO POgHOTO BJIaxlI, sane Ke ce nopO)J;H lJ,RJIKa. CaMO enea )J:eHno HIIBHOTO 3aMHHYBaFbe on; Byrapaja, norrauajara ja npeTPecJIa KYKaTa BO xoja rrpecrojysane.'?' Ha nar KOH BJIaxlI. lJ,IIJIKa p,06HJIa nopOp,RJIHHTe 60JIKO. 3aToa ce CMeCTIDIe BO enaa KyKapKa xpaj c. Cp6HHOBO. 3a TOj
96

MCTO.

CnOMeHH aa Casa Maxaanoa , 90. 98 CnOMeHH na HHe CaH1{aHcKH , 21. !19 M. MaKp;epMOT, 3a caooona H csapmeacrso .... 81.
rn 100
101

IQ2
103

104

Cnoaeaa aa Slue CaYj:{aHCIGL., 21. HCTQ.;Cnosseaa aa t{eptrbO Il'ea .... 59. JI.B.mepM3.H, Iloxapa B IIJIaHHHaTa..., 67. M. MaKAePMOT, 3a csooona H csaptneacrao ...•82. JI.B.mepMaH, IIo)KapK B lIJIaHHHaT1l.,. 67. .

67

l.JHH serara ce nonrornyaana naa Mece.u;a. YJIOraTa aa oa6nn;1I ja onarpane nae nocrapa sceaa, KOIl CaH)l;aHCKHrnnOBHKaJI cnenajanao.l" Toa OlIJIOaa 22.12.19011 4.01.1902 rOnHHa.106 HOBOpOneHlIeTo 611lIOKpCTeHo Eneaa BO srecr aa EJIeH eTOH H MajKa II aa IJ;IIJIKa.107 Co rca, xerara ce 3Ao6Ima co HOBlIJIeH. SpOjOT aa 3aJIO)KHlIqKIfTe ee 3rOJIe~JI na Tpli on KOR ,n;se6ecnOMOIIIHB. OTTYKa O)1;rOBOpHOCTaa a

srerara cranana ynrre noronesra.

Muc EAeH CiilOYH, Enena u Kaiuepuua Ilunxa MHe OrOH II Karepana QWIKa OIDIe xpajao 1I3HeHaneHHO}:( pnexaoera U onroc sopaocra aa qeTaTa KOHHOBIIOTconaraax. CaMO HeKOJIKYqaca no noponyearsero
qeTHH[(HTe OIlJIe ,n;onymTeHH ga U: qeCTHTaT na pOp;IIJIKaTa H na ro OJIarOCJIOBaT 6e6eTO. Ilparoa enea on HIIB ja 1I3e)1;HaqllJIQBJIKa co Ilesa Mapaja. "He, B03BpaTHJI npyr qeTHIIK, - 'raa e MaqeHJiI.u;a; ary emra }KeHa He crpanana RaKO Hea".108 3a n O,D;HOCOT CaHp;aHCKHKOR 6e6eTo QHJIKa sena: "ABa MIl 'I'pH xaca IIOKaCRO ce sa nojasa caMMOTBOJ,J;aq. 6eme BHooK, Ra6MeH II MypraB. Oxare MY, JqJyr nar csapeToj na, cera 6ea HaBe]J;HaTH... nOTOHaT BOAJIa60KII paavacna, Cexoj nar xora 6e6eTo Ke sannaxemc ana xasaeme TOj ce cermysame ... MHC eTOH ro sene nerero H ro nonane aa Bo,qaQOT.OTIIOQeTOK asrrrename 36YHeT, HO nonexa ro rnename MaJIOTO 6ecnOMolllHO cynrrecrso BO CBOHTeClIJIHH pane, aa JIH.u;eTO My ce nojaaa HacMeBKa ... xoja IIO'lHa na craaysa rrononra ... 3a MeRe TOj aexe He 6eme pa36ojHHK, TYKY 6paT, TaTKo, 3aKpHJIHlIK aa MoeTO Jl:eTe".109
1115 106
1(17

CnoMeHH aa SIHe CaHAaHcKH.... 22. M. Maxnepvor, 3a csotiona a csapnreacrso ...• 82. MCTo, 83. 6eJIelIIKa 53.

108 I09

Mero,82.
MeTo, 83.

68

Benaam nOTOa Ca~aHCKH Hape,[(HJI na ce 0t3e30e,[(11xpaaa sa ponanxara, a ..6a6n:n;aTa" ja IIcrrpaTUJI na 3aCJly>KeHO,[(MOp.Toj OCTaHaJI,[(aro qYBa ,[(eTeTOnpexy
HOK. .Beriero CJ1aTKO CIIHeme BO HerOBIITe CIIJIHHMaIDKH pane ... TaMY, 0,[(crpaaa, oeme peBOJIBepOT, TaMY 6eme crpamaara xasca II nax TaMY MaJIOTO 6e6e, He)KHO rymaaro BOTHe qlIHmII }KeJIe3HII pane, HCTOBpeMeHO ce HaCMeaB R pacnrraxaa 0,[( panocr, My 3a6narop;apRB aa 60ra sa 6naropo,[(HocTa BO TOj 't{OBeK ... Bona-tor ce J];p}Keme 3aIIITHTHHtIKII KOH 6e6eTo. I'o aapexyaame ... 'ManaTa ajJ];YTKa', 'KepKa aa xerara', a aajcaxaaoro lIMe sa nea My 6eme 'KCMeTYIeTO'. Toj rrpanenre ce, BO HerOBRTe MO>KHOCTR na ce QYCTBysaMeyJ];06HO... Toj He MIICJIeme II He rosopeme aa sa HHmTO ;n:pyro, OCBeBsa MaJIOTO'KCMeTtIe'. Ce CMeeme, ce merysame, aarnename TaKa cpexea, qHHRm Toa 6eme HerOBO corrcrseao nere, "110

Panocra a.cpexara 6RJIe KpaTKO'I'pajHlI. Bo Cpoaadao nomen acxep, nopana lIITO xe'rara sropana na 3aMHHe, aa 1peTHOT p;eHop;rroponysarsero na L(HJIKa. IIp06JIeMOT OHJI BO Toa mTO raa He MO}Kena HilTy Aa jasa, nary na rremaxa. 3a nea OlIn rrparoraea cnenajanen caanax. Taxa CTaBeHa BO caanax H TOBapeHa na KOlb CTHrHaJIe BO Bnaxa, xane OCTaHaJIe9 neaa.!" ITo nar nOTaMY nopana nnanor na t3e6eTo, xaj lJepHoneeB II HeKOH qeTHHQH ce nojasana aneja na ce y6ue 6e6eTo, na nypa a )KeHlITe, oU)J;ejm MO>KenO.n;aDII)J;aT
OTKp:aeHH. CaH,o;aHcKHce CnpOTHBCTaBBJI o 300pOBIITe: ,,AKo ['II rrory6uMe, ce YOIIc BaMe ce6e H CBoeTOneno rrpen Hap0.D:0T;arrpoxesr aexa H3YMPeMe ClITe, HOga He ro norpeeexe nanrero ,n;eno".112 Heroaara rpasca sa oe36ep;HocTa na 1pHTe 3aTOqeHR-qKH ce rnena 0)1;ynarcraaara ,n;a.I{eHlI,0;0Jane Tparopoa, IIpR npecrojor BO e;U:Ha ocaucreaa KYKa Mety Esepen H Onrrasa. CaH)J;aHCKH nparoa sanoaenan: "Taa xeHa Ke ja rnenare, KaKO rrpanneaa na ce rnena, BJIaKKo He csree ga II rranac op;rnaaara. MHHYTKa, He Tpe6a na OH.I{eHlITy manna, HHTy }Ke.I{Ha ... IIllJIe aKO anese BO Taa KYKa, He Tpe6a )KHBOna H3JIe3e, a KaMO JIH QOSeK. AMepHKaHK8Ta HH e MHory norpeoaa H aKO ycneeue, Ke HMa rOJIeMa nOJI3a sa aamero )J;eJIo.Care COMHlITeJIHH, KOB ce naapryaar OKOJIY KYKaTa na 6H)1;aTJIHKSH)l;HpaHH".1l3TaKBHTe ynarcrsa 51me HeMHHOSHHOH;n;ej1tn pe3YJITaTHTe og rrperonopare seKe 6W1e na nOBH.J];OK, 8 napare na /l:oq,aT. 3aJIO>KHIIQKHTe, norajao ro aapexne CaHgaHcKH ,,.I(06paOT QOSeK", a qepHoneeB ,,JIOIDROTQOSeK"_U4

6. Co q,opMHpalLeTO na KOMHTeTOT sa nperosopa, axrmjara sa nnazaa,e aa orxyrrcr II ocnoconysarsero na Mac eTOH 6Ma 3a6p3aH8, HO ce nojasane a HOBH
38nneTH. 3aJ];a ja onecna patiorara aa KOMHTeTOT aMepUKaHCKHOT BpmHTeJI aa pa60THTe BO Llaparpan 06jaBHJI nexa pacnonara co 66.000 nonapa. Ha 17.12.1901 rOJ];HHa,IIHT H Tapnaono TprHaJIe sa COJIyH KaKO npeTCTaBHHI:\H na KOMRTeToT sa nperoaopa, THe nnannpane na 3aMHHaT aa LI)'MajcKo ana Pa3JIOlliKO sa na ce nonpsar co qeTaTa. IIpHToa KaKO npeaenysas ro aarascapane MHCIIOHepOTUGH Xayc. Bo Conyn noeapane on 6yrapcKlIoT TproBcKlI arear na 11M06e36egH BO)l;a'llllITO ja noaaasa pa3JIOmKaTa OKOJIHHa.monos ra OgOHJIco 06pa3JIO)l{eHHe nesa so Co110 111 112 113

HCTO.

CnoMeHR Ha SIHe CaHAaHcKH ... , 22.

M. MaxnePMOT. 3a cBo6o;o:a H CDBpweHCTBo .... 84.
MCTO.

114 HCTO,

85.

69

JIyH He Mo:a<:en;a ce Hajn;e TaKOS QOBeK.1l5 Cenax THe ycneane npexy aHrmlCKHOT KOH3YJIBIIJIjOTH na acnparar 110Cpe~HIIK aa 22.12.1901 ronana, KOj 'I'pe6arro na ja H3BeCTH xerara nexa KOMIlTeTOT pacnonara co 61.000$, T.e 14.000 JIHpII. Hcrara BeCT ja nynrrane II BO Corpnja. Bennam noroa HRT, rapI;mOJIO II Xayc 3aMHHane sa Cep na ro rrpII1JeKaT onrosopor.!" Co cpopMHpaFbeTO aa KOMHTeToT aa nperosopa H co sanosrryaaaero na HerOBHTe aKTllBHOCTH, nopaaeuraaor nperosapas ,UHKeHcoH, paxraxao 6HJI H30JIHn pan. Meryroa, ;r:I:HKeHcoHra araopapan rrpenyrrpenyeaisara sa aeseemasse BO nperoaopare II nOBHKYBajKR ce na CBOHTe npeTxo.n;HH oanacrynaaa 0,11; crpaaa na IlenapTMeHTOT KOB He 6IDIe nOBJ1eQeHHnponorosan na )1;ejcTBYBa caxocrojao, CMeTajKH ce aa OBJIaCTeB nperoaapas. OTTYKa npoasnema pacnpasaja R Metyce6HH 06BIIHYS3a,3 noxery JIejU1MaH II ;r:I:HKeHCOH. o Toa ce BMemaJIe Fapnaono II nUT, B KOII ro 06BHHHJIe Ilaxencoa )1;eKa06jaBRJI 500 JIHpH nosexe 0,1]; OHY.EleHlITe 14.000 n 0)1;HHBHa crpana.F'Ha TOj HaqnH BO npaxca ce nojasane ABa aMepHKaHCKH rrperosapaqa. Ha ep;Ha cTpaHa 6IDI )J)IKeHcOH, KOj HeMan rlogApmKa, HO HMaJI. KOHTaKT co lJeTaTa, a na ,n:pyra 6HJI KOMlITeTOT, KOj HMaJI np06JIeMH IIpH BocnOCTaBYS8lbeTO aa SPCK8 co qeTaT8. )J;O)1;eKa Aaepaxamnrre ce pacnpaaane KOj ga HI BO~H nperosopare, Mac eTOH II IJ)!UIKa npO,Il;OJDKYB8ne BO 3anO)KHHllTBO. Bo AeKeMBpH BO AHIInOMaTCKHTe xpyrosa, ce IIpOIDnpHJIe rnacaannexa Karepaaa n.RJIKa ce nOp0,Il;IDIa,llB nexa raa nOQHH8JIa npa noponysaaero, a CTOH 0)1;)KaJI sa Hea.119 AO)1;eKa KOMHTeToT ro oxezynan onroaopcr 0.0;CBOjOT nocpegHIIK, AHKeHcoH npeKy A. Tonopos (6uBm yq.eHHK aa Xayc), A03Han nexa xerara e nogrorneaa na npllcpaTlI OTKyn sa nOHHCKa ueaa og npBa6HTHaTa ..Mefyroa, AIIKeHCOH He )J;o6HJI nossorra na 38MIIHe aa Corpzja H na fir 05HOBO nperoaopare, HarrpOTHB., JIejUlMaH fa H3BeCTHlI Ilerraprsrearcr nexa aHra}KMaHOT aa ,IJ,uKeHcoH MO)Ke,n:a ja ycnosora caryauajara, Toranr ,IJ:IIKeHCOHce O,IJ;JIytIOJI npexy TO)l;OPOB na ja H3BeCTII QeTaTa, nexa KOMHTeTOTe nOJ];fOTBeH ga ja IIJ1aTH u;eJI8Ta CYM3 sa OTKYIiIOT. Hen03HaTO e naira oaaa IIHq:,opMall.Hja CTaCaJIaAO K. Acerros.P" Toj OKOJ1Y1.1.1902 ronaaa ro 113SeCTHJI Tonopcs AeK8 xerara fII l1pllcpat:a nOHY,l1;eHOTe14.500 nHpu 0.0;AIIKeH~ COHo 3a npeuasapea,e na YCJIOBHTeno6apan cpeg6a co Xayc BO Bancxo. M no OBOj nanpenox JIejIIIM3H He My ,El03BO.lIlUI aa ,IJ;HKeHcoHJl.ace BKJIyqll BO nperoaopare.P' AB.KeHCOH caMoBHIln;ojaTImHO ro nOKaHWI Xayc Jl.a ;o;oj,o;eBO Baacxo II Jl.a ce cperne co rrperoaapaxare. TIpRToa, nOTeHD;HpaJI )J;eKanpeTcTaBBnKOT aaxerara Tpe6a )l;a I'0 nOTBp,Ili1JCBOjOT Hp;eHTHTeTco TIRCMOTOon HerOBIIOT arear, xoe aa rp60T rpeoa na 6n:;:I;eaasepeno co nOT.rmCOT aa Mac eTOH.122 Ha 3.1 ..1902 rO));HHa MHcHoHepoT on CaMoKoB E.n;Bap,ll; XaCKelI My ,ElOCTaBHJIlliICMO na Xayc 0)]; TO)WPOB BO xoece IIoTBp.u;eHH nperxonaare HHcpopMau;:n:o 0,11; nHCMaTa na ;r:I:HKeHcoH .11 BO
lIS

116

JL6 ..DepMaH, Iloxapa B DnaHHHaTa ... ,.73. I MCTO,74. m HeTo, 74-75 .. 118 AM,. q,. eo, Mq,. 331, 78/5148, No. 174, 17.12.1901. 119 n,B.mepMaH, I10)[{apu B WIaHHHaTa ..., 72.
120

RCTO, 76. Hero,. 77,

m Mero.
122

xoe ce seneno nexa xonaja OJ]; CTOTO H mICMO co aasepxa OJ]; IIc eTOH Ke ~06I1e BO M EaHCKO. no H3seCHOaareraa,e aa Xayc MY 6HJIO.n;03BOJIeHO .n;a3aMHHe aaBaacxo, xane ce HamOJI no TpO ~eHa.l23 Ha 12.1.1902 K. Aceaos ce BpaTIIJI BOxerara co BeCTasa nOCTHrHaTa cnoron6a. Toj ro JJ;OHeJI llaCMOTO 0;0;IIocpeJJ;HIIKoT aa ,I1;IIKeHcoHAD Xayc, xoe Mac CTOH ro 3aSepHJIa co CBOjOTIIOTfInc OJ];3a)1;HaTacrpaaa.P' Benaam rroroa Caanarrcxa, AceHOB II C. MlIxajJIOB aasraaane sa EaHCKO. Co )KeHHTe OCTaHaJIQepHoneeB_l25 OKOJlY 16-17 janyapa Caanaacxa II AceHOB ce CpeTHaJIe co Xayc. Toj BOrrpmntan ce CJl0)f{Wl napare nace rrpenanar aa 25 jaayapa BO 6JIH3HHaTa na Baacxo, a )J{eHHTe na ce OCJI06o;u,aTaa p;pyro MeCTO. Ilparoa, Xayc HM COOfIllITIIJI nexa My ce aeonxonna KOHCYJITaqIIH co I'apnnono H Tlar, xoa BO xefyapeae JJ:oIlIJle BO f. UYMaja. THe ce pasnenane co Hero co BeT sarse nexa Ite ce spa'ra'r aa 22 jaayapa. CaH,IJ;aHCKII AceHOB csarane nexa Xayc B e OBJlaCTeH nOCTHrHeKOHeqeH p;oroa na BOp. 3a HIIB fapI;IIIOJlO if IInT 60Jle coces 1 Hen03HaTII HMlla,a.126 OTTYKa, rrpOll3nerrra n3BeCHa nosa na COMHe}J{ a eBeHT) lJIHa cranana, a Bo MetYBpeMe, IIBT II fapI,IHOJIO no ,1UIe H3BecTYBaae on Jlejuneaa ,,}:la He rytiar BpeMe".127THe ra rrparparane YCJIOBI e, IIJIaKaEbeTOna orxynor p;ace H3Bpum npen OCJI060.u;YBaEbeTO XeHHTe. I'apn 'JJIOTeJIerpacpCKII H3BeCTHJIBO Ilapaua rpan na ce acrrparar napare sa OTKYIIOT.l cToBpeMeHo cyrepapan aa HaQHHOTaa HHBHHOT rpaHcnopT. IIaPHTe 'rpefiano .n;a acnparar rrpeKY Cepec no ,I1;eMBpX:lICap C co B03, a oTTaMY co xapaaaa KOH r. I.IYMaj . Toj cyrepapan OCMaHJIHCKIITe BJIaCTU .n;aHe npeB3eMaT aKTHBHOCTO IIITO Ite ja no.ipexar paoorara na KOMHTeTOT sa nperosopa" Ha 20.1.1902 ronaaa, OAIlaparpan rprHaJI Crrel\BjaJIHHOTsaroa co noce6HO 06e36eP;YBaa,e. Jlejnnsan ensaj H3BJIeKOJIBeTysaa.e op; rOJIeMHOT Be3Hp na ce rrpexauar .n;BIDKea,aTaaa sojcxara BO UYMajcKo, a otiestienyaarsero na rII OCTaBH napare xane Tapuaono Ke rro6apa. Copa60TKaTa Mefy OCMaHCKaTaBJIaCTH KoMHTeTOT aa rrperosopa TpaeJIa AO OHOj MOMeHT ;Diop;eKa anacra He ocerana nexa AMepHKaHU;HTe caxar orxynor na ro IIJIaTaT na TypCKa TepHTopHjaP9 ITo npHCTlIrarsero na rrapare BO,IJ;eMHpXHCap CMaH.1llICKOTO O rrpHCYCTBO 3aCllJIHJIOaacexane, ce TIo nsa nena KapaBaHOT op; TpH KOllH CO canao 06e36eJ1;YBaa,e ce yrraran KOH r. UYMaja. ITo nar 6pOjOT aa crpascara nocrojaao ce 3rOJIeMYBaJIna TaKa}l;O f. IlyMaja J1;OCTUrHaJI BOjHUU;H.HaMeCTD.}l;a rll npoCJIegaT fapJ,lHOJIO II IIHT saenno 100 co KOHBOjOT):(0 EaHCKo, Tile ra OCTaBHJIeBO Pa3JIOr. Kora THe aa 26.1.1902 CTHrHaJIe BO Baacxo, }:leHno I:ICTeKOTaa POKOTaa orxynor, Toa 6JIJ10OIIKOJIeHOon 250 BojHHD;HPO EaHCKOce CMeCTllJIeBOIIpOTeCTaHTCKIIOT uearap, a Xayc BOKYKaTa Bo ua HBaH I'psxapos. Ilopana CHJIHOTO npacycrso na sojcxara He MO}J{eJIe,o;ace nOBp3aT COxerara. QTTYKa no }l;Bap;eHaAYPHnnaaapane na ce OTKIDKaT. On 21 ,0;0 31 jaayapa ce BOp;eJIanocrojaaa rrpenacxa co OCMaHJIHCKHTe JIaCTHsa na ce aaaaB
121 liCTO.
124

M. MaKAepMOT, 3a caofiona II C'bBpmeHCTBo..., 85. JI. B. Illepaaa, Ilossapa flCTo,79. Hero.
CnOMeHH aa 5iHe CaHAaHcKH ... , 22. B llJI8HHHaTa ... ,

12'i 126 127 128

78.

129 MCTO, 130 HCTO,

80.
81.

71

JIn BoeHHOT npHTIICOK. 131 Ha 31 janyapa npercraaaanare aa KOMl!TeTOT oHJIe I10KaHeTH aa aexepa BO KYKaTa aa KOHCTaHTDH ITeTKaHqHH 0;0;crpaaa aa CaH.n;aHcKB, K. Acerros D C. MuxajJIOB.m Bo cpenoara Xayc ce OnHeJI nI'HOpaHTcKB KOH nHT H rapI;IHOJIO He npeaenyaajxa lIM uena )l;eJIOBHon pasroaopare. Toj OABMeTO aa ananara CA,IJ; I'D npucpaTIDICJIe)l;HDTe YCJIOBH:1. na ce lIysa BO crpora rajnocr MeCTOTOH apevero aa pasxeaara; 2. nexa Ke aanpasa ce, sa 3aIIITlITa 0;0:BJIaCTa aa HeBHHHTe KOIl BJIerJIe BO apcxa co xerara; 3. sa II;HJIKa na CeBJIO)KaT I:ICTHTeYCHJI6H KaKO 1:1 sa CTOH, sa na He OIlAe H3J10>KeHanpen BnSCTa; 4. Ke ra 3amTlITHTH KOHcTaHTHH lleTKBHl{HH II MBaR I'paaxapos 30IIlTO I'll oneCHIDIe nperosopare co KOMHTeTOT .133 ITo rrpennor aa CaHAaHCKH napare rpedano Aa ce H3Ba;n;aT0;0;KycpepUTe BO KOH ce qYSaJIe II na ce rrpeaecar aa npyro MeCTO,a HaMeCTOHHBna ce CTaBHOJIOBOH na ce aparar Ha3a;o;.134 roa rpetiano na ce ,ll;06He anesarox nexa rrperosopare Co npop;omKYBaT H OTKyrrOT K.e ce H3BpIIIH aa npyro MeCTO. Ha I rpespyapa fapI;IHOJIO renerparpapan 1l.0JIejIIIMaH ;o;a acnpara TeJIoxpaHllTeJID BO Ilpaxa sa na I'll npexexar KycpepUTe. CJIe.D;HHOT eHHa 2.2.1902 rO.D;HHa,oj H3BeCTWI "oTKynoTe llJIaTeH".l3S A r Ha 'KOj xaxaa Gune asnpmena saaeaara aa 104 KIDIOrpaMH 3JIaTO co OJIOBOH KaKO THe 6DJle npeaeceaa 0)1;ITpoTecTaHTCKHOT nerrrap no KyK.aTa aa I'paxapos, 0;0;xane I'll npessena xerara rtpen O'tIHTe aa OCMaHCKHTeBOjCKHH MHoryGpojHHTe HOBHHapn, ocranysa 3ara}l;OqHo.136 Cnopen nperxonaaor norosop MHC CTOH H IJ)IJIKa T'pe6ano na 6Hp;aT OCJIOGogeH" ,D;eCeT neaa no orxynor aexane BO Cepcxo. 3a }l;a MO)l(e Toa na ce assene 6e36e.n;HO,KOMHTeTOT rpenano .n;arJIYMH nexa nperosopare npO;O;OJDKysaT OTKyH nOT Ke ce 113BpIllH na .n;pyro MeCTO.B 0 raa CMHCJI aa 2.2.1902 rOAHHa, I'apnaono 1:1 a ITHT 3aMHHYBaaT on Baacxo 3ae;D;HO Kycpepl:lTe. Bo Ilpasra I'll npenane na CBOHTe co renoxpaaarena, a rae 3aMHHaJle aa Cepec.F ITOpagH ClIJIHOTOnpHCYCTBOsa sojcxara BO Cepcxo, xerara He ycneana p;a ra OCJIo60,D;1I }J{eHBTe BO noroaopeaaor pOK. 3a ga ce onecaa Toa, II na ce aarrpe OCMaHJlHCKOTO )1;BIDKeH.e 12.02.1902 rO):{HHa, aa Iloprara 6IDIa H3BeCTeHa ;o:eKaorxynor e nnarea. I1cToBpeMeHO aa renoxpaaaTeJIHTe HM 61:1no aapeneso )l;a TO aanymrar oGe3GegYBalbeTO aa KOHBOjOT co . "naplITe" H rrpexy COJIya ga ce sparar aa Ilaparpan.P" Meryroa OCMaHJIHCKHOT aoen npBTHCOK He nonYWTaJI. Ha 20 q,eBpyapH xerara jasana BO Baacxo ,o;eKa x<eHHTe ce g06pu: HO He MO>KaTna ra ocnorionar nopana npHcYCTBOTO aa sojcxaTa.1393a HlIB 6an 3ap;OJDKeH 'tfepHoneeB.l40 3a na ro H36erHe KOHTaKTOTco aojcxaX. Ta, HaMeCTO na jyr, KaKO IIITO 6HJIO gOI'OBOpeHo, TOj I'll nosen na cesep npexy Onrrasa 11CeHoKoc.141 Bo Paanosna ra npenan no xaaan aa AHIl.OH Kocero, Toj ra
131

132
133

H C'bBpmeHCTBo ... , nO:lKapH B ruIaHHH8Ta ... , 86. 134 CnoMeHB aa SIHe CaHJJ;aHcKH .... 23. 135 JI. B. Illepaaa, [JO:lKapH B IlJIaHHHaTa ... , 83.

MeTo,82. M. Masnepaor, 3a csotia

JI. B.IDepM8.H,

86.

136 137
138

Hero, 83-85.
HCTo,88.

139

Hero, 89. Hero, 91.
Ha qepH'ho H'eB'b , 60. aa SIRe CaH,D;aRcKB , 23.

140 CnOMeHH 141 CnOMeHH

72

nosen ~O c. I'panauropna BO aenocpeaaa 0J111311Ha CTpYMIII.\a, xane mTO ollJ1e aa OCn050}l;eHH.142 ,IJ;BeTe3aJIQ)KHn:qKH npn: ocnofonysaa.ero ~oollJ1e xpaaa H IIO 1 napa sa lIaTHH rpomotra, Toa ce cnyxano aa 23.2.1902 ro]l.HHa.143 IIapHTe on OTKynOT non paKoBO)l;CTBOna J.CaH}l;aHCKlI II K. Aceaos H C. Maxajncs co IIOMom na 15-qJIeHaTa xera npexy Pa3JIOmKO H Ilocnar 5e36e):l;Ho 6HJIe npeHeceHn: so Byrapaja.I" Ilpsara CTaHHI.\aoHJIa c. Benoso. OTTaMY K. Aceaos II C. MHxajJIOB 3aMHHaJIe sa IInoB}l;HB, xane WTO xynane aJIUWTa a IIO enaa xaata sa cexoi BOQeTaTa.14S Hcroapeveao BOIInOB}l;HB 6HJIe OCTaBeHR2.000 nupn: aa '!}'BaIbe Kaj MHxaHJI Bojanaes.!" Ilpenpaseaa xaxo rproana Casara, CaHp;aHcKH 11AceaOB 3aM1IHaJIe sa Corpaja. OTTaMY aeanam ro H3BeCTlIJIe ,IJ;enqeB H ro IIOBIilKane na Aoj,n:e.147 Bn:AejKB Mefy IIeT}Jo~ II T. ,IJ;eJ1HHBaHOB lIMaJIo'He)J;opa3oHpalhe OKOJ1Y napare o)1;JIyt{HJIe)1;ara oCTa~aT aa lIYBaHle Kaj npHBaTHlI nana no npacrararsero aa Ilen-res ..3aToa no 4.000 JIHpH 6Wle OCTaseHR Kaj,)1;. X. ,I1;HMOB, aj cecrpa My aa K Aceaos II renerparpacror Y3YHOB.148 Ilor.acno napare ollne pacnopeneaa rroanaKy. Kaj noercr CTpamHMHpOa OlIne }l;OB..;peH1I3.000, xaj EHOJIqeB 1.000, xa] eAeH nexap 2.000 1:1 TH.149 ' 3a H1:IBHOTO rpomea.e OBJIa CPOPMlpaaa cneuajanaa qeTHpl:l"IJIeHa KOMUCHja.1SO Tnaaaare axrepa BO aKD;l:ljaTa: CaH ;aHCKlI, Aceaos II tIepHoneeB sa ce6e He sene HHIIITO. tIeTHHl\HTe ITITO Y'lJeCTSYB,:JIe80 onaneayaaisero }l;05Me no enea pesonaep 11no 2 JIIIpH. IilHTepeCHO Aceaos KOj OCTaBHJIaa qysaI:Le xaj cecrpa My 4.000 napa, aa 3aMHHYBa!be on: TaMY lI03ajMWI napa sa nar . .il.eJIQe8 ro 3HaeJI Toa. 3aToa oanyxan ~a acnpara no 5 JIHpH aa conpyrara na qepHoneeB II aa TaTKO My aa Jaae.Hsaa CaHAaHCKl:l. Ilocnemraor, 3HaejKH ro xapaxrepor aa CBOjOTCHHo}l; crpaa ;o;aHe My ce cxapa OTffiUOJI ,n;ace xoacynrapa co HBaH Xapn:3aHOB AaJIH ga [,H npn:MH napHTe.151 Kouacajara sa rpomeae aa napare O}l;JIyqHJIa Aa acnpara 150 JIUpn: ira KOMHTeTOT 80 f. I,IYMaja KaKO KOMIIeH3aO;l:lja aa T}Jomoq.HTe sa apesse aa arpepara.!" HajrOJIeMIIOT nen 0;0;"MHCCTOHKHTe" rrporonrana GopoaTa co BPXOBH3MOT. 7. Aq,epaTa Mac CTOH n:3BpmHna orposma acpHpMaqHja sa MaKegoHcKoTO OCJIOooguTeJIHO geJIO BO MetYHapogHaTa jassocr H cpen ,IJ;IIIIJIOMBTn:jaTa.3a Toa nocetiao npanoaen KopeKTHHOT OAHOCaa }J;8eTe3aJIOXHlIqKH EJIeH CTOH II Karepaaa IJ;HJlKa. Toa ce CJlYli8JIO ynrre BO CTpYM~a npaaor }J;eH0)1;HHBHOTOOCJIOoO}J;YBa!be. rIpBO OTUIIIJIe BO TaMOIIIHaTa nporecraarcsa IqJKBa. MHC CTOH IIpl:l-

t.

142 143 144
14S

Ilneaaaaaero aa MHC"b Ell. Croas ..., 29. IT. E. Illepaax, ITO:lKapH B nJIaS:r.IHaTa..., 91-92. CnOMeHH aa C. MHXalb!oB'J, ..., 90.

RCTO. CrroMeHH Ha SIHe CaHp;aHcKD , 23. 147 CnOMeHD aa C. MKxaIDIoB'J, , 90· 91. 148 CnoMeHH aa SIRe CaRp;aaCKB 23. 149 t. Ilerpos, CnoMeHK.KopecnoHp;eH~Hja ..., 155. 150 Cnopea Ilerpos BO aea saerne: Aen'leB, H. MaJIemeBCKB, T. ,lJ;eJIHHBaHOB CrecIJaHOB. KJJ;. (t. [JeTl'OB, CnOMeHH.KopecnOHAe~Hja ..., 155.). Meryroa C. MHxajJIOB BCTaKHyBa ~eKa TOj 6HJ1ep;eH op; 'lJIeHOBKTe sa qeTHpK'lJIeHaTa KOMBcHja. (CnOMeHH aa C. MHxaitnoB'h ... ,92.). JJ;o):{eKanax cnope):{ JI. B. Illepaaa BO KOMDCHjaTa anerne: I1erpOB, H. MaJIemeBCKH, T. ,IJ;enDBBaHOBB C. MDXajnOB. (JI. E.IDepMaH, Iloxapa B IIJIaRllHaTa ..., 86.) . lSI M. Mar<p;epMoT, 3a csofiona R C'hBpmeHCTBO..., 88.
146

t.

r.

t.

m JI. E. lllepxaa, Iloxapa

B

nnasaaara ..., 86.

73

Toa peKJIa:

,,,[(a ce rrosronasre H THe

aa THe 6pata

BO fopaTa,

KOB pa60TaT

3a cJI060A"aTa

aa

CBOI!Te opata

xoa noxascaa KOH Hac IIorOJleMH rpIDKH, OTKOJIKY nrro IIOKa)!{aa

HamIITe

pO,IVlTeJIll.

ra H3JIO)KlIja

CBOHTe )KlIBOTH

aa na He

3aIIITHTaT".153

ITo rrpacraraisero BO Conyn, THe ce CMeCTHJIe BO KYKaTa na TaMOillHHOT KOH3YJIapeH arear aa CAn, X. Jlasapo, xoj 6HIT PYCKH nO)];aHlIK.1S4 EJIeH CTOH TBpA"eJIa nexa rpaeaysaxare He ce pa36ojHHIJ;n, TyKY nyre 0)]; Oprarrasauajara xoja HMaJIa

aa uen

)1;a ja OcnOOO}1;JiIMaxenonaja.

Cnopen

TBp):(elbeTO

rra

MJiIC CTOH THe OHne

rpatiaara oHAejbr co csojara MHCHOHepCKa nejnocr ra onspaxane MaKe:r.OHCKHTe rryre 0]]; HHBHaTa HaD;HOHaJIHa pcnaraja-rrpaaocnaaaero. Taa acraxnana nexa TaKsa cy,n;6UHa ra OqeKYBaJIa CIITe npOTeCTaHTCKH MHCHOHepH ,I(OKOJIKY He npecranar
)l;a

ra

30YHYBaaT

rrpaaocnaaaare.
IJ;eJIO BpeMe onne

OCBeR

roa,

THe 360pysaJIe

KaKO

sa apesre na
0]1; 155PYCKHMIle CTOH

3aJlQ}KHHIIlTBOTO HHIIITO, a

OIIKOJIeHB co SHlIMaHHe

II He 6nJIe JIHmeHB

aa apesre aa noponyaarsero ua IJ;rurKa, OHJIa noneceaa aKymepKa, OT reaepanea KOH3yrr BO COJIYH BO csoare FI3BemTan: HCTaKHYBa nexa
co 3a]1;OBOJlCTBO300pYBaJla aa npecrojor
BO lIeTaTa , HO KOHcTaTHpa

nexa raa xpae

MHory

npyra HemTa.156

Arpepara MHC Croa YUITe BO HoeMspH 1901 rO]1;HHa 3eJIa saaxajno MeCTO BO rrexaror BO CAn. Co aarrosnyaarsero aa aKI.J;HjaTa sa cotiapas,e aa ;n;06pOSOJIHIIOT IIpDJIOr aa orxynor, MaKe]1;OHCKOTO npamarse )l;06WIO rpajno MeCTO BO axepaxaaCKaTa jasuocr, KaKO enen O.IJ, ajOCTpJITe rrp06JIeMII BO EBpona.157 no OCJIo60)];YH sarsero aa CTOH, jasaocra BO CAn pasopana nexa Hej3HHoTO KH]1;Hamlpalbe He oruIO nenoaa pa360jHHIJ;n, TyKy Ba>KHa eIlH30,I(a O~ oop6aTa sa cnofiona H qOBeqKH npaaa.l" YfirrepecoT aa aMeplIKaHCKaTa jaanocr sa 3aJIO)KJIIIQKBoT nepaon aa MHC CTOH ce rrOKa}KaJI ynrre sa speae na Hej3IIHHoT npecroj BO COJIYH. Taa O}.l. penaxnajara aa "Mac Clures Magazin'' , so lhyjOPK A"06HJIa nonyna 0]1; 45.000 nonapa aa ~a nonroraa pacxas aa Hej3HHoTo 3aJIO}l{HmIITBo II na oAparn:50 npenaaaaa no Aaepaxa co IIJIaTeHH TpomOn;Il.159 no spaxan.ero nparoa BO

CAU, Mac

eTOH, rrpO)J;OIDKlUIa na ra saurraryaa sa xerara onrosopaa aa anejara sa ,,He3aBHcHa BepJIIIHCKBOT

CBOHTe

rpariayaasn,

He p;aBajK1I HHKaKBH HHcpopMan;HH sa nHI{H]1;eHTOT 6ruIa Mac II

II MeCTaTa Hn3

xoa ce }.I.BH)I(ene. Taa CTaHaJIa rOJIeM 3aIIITHTHHK ;rl;OHHja". MHC CTOH TSp]1;eJIa nexa HMrrepHja, xoja BOp. AMepHKaHCKHOT CnHllHH HaJIa JIeTOTO
IS3

Maxenoro-

OCMaHCKaTa .IJ,HCTaHU;Hpa0):( 6ece;rJ;H".160 xoja TaMY 3aMBraa

He ra HCnOJIHHJIa CBOHTe 06BpCKH o~ xn. COBeT ja rrpe)l;yrrpenHJI so CAP; opraaaaapana ro CSOHTe "aHTHTypcKII co ee6e

23 aa

CTOH nesa

Ke ce

Rea, ,I1;OKOJIKYra npOAOJl}I{II RaCTaIIll

a nposraxenoxcxa

Karepaaa
6e6eTo

l(HJIKa, EJIeHa,

1903 ronaaa. Hocejza

aapariorana

M. MaKAepMO, 3a caoeona H C"bBpmeHCTBo..., 87. CHMOH J::(PaKYJI,Maxenoaaja Meiy aBTOHOMHjaTa H 1.:{eJle2KOT, K)'MaHOBO, 1995, 346. T.1, ISS :aero, 346-347. 156 HCTO, 367~369. 157 Tpesnarpan MHTeB, CAm If MaKe):{oHHH ):10 paanenssrero aa otinacra rrpes 1919 r. Maxenoacxa Ilpernen, r. XXI, 1m. 2, CO¢UUI, 1998,35. 158 HCTO. iss CHMOH J::(paxyJI, Maxe):lOHHja Mety aBTOHoMHjaTa H lI:eJIe)l{OT..., T.1, 369. 160 JI. B.mepMaH, Iloscapa B nnaaaaara ..., 95,
154

74

MHory napH.161

Arpepara MHC CTOH IIpn~OHeJIa BO TeKOT na HmIH)1.eHCKOTOBOCliMa 11006jeKTHBHH HaIIIICH aa caryanajara BO

TalUIe 80 aMepHKaHCKHOT nexarna MaKe]];OHHja. Ha 1.1.1904

ronaaa, MHC CTOH H3]];aJIaAnen BOKOj BeJIH: "CeramHoTo 1I36HBalhe na Imja)l;1I xpacrajaan II YHlllllTYBaH>eTO aa CTOTHIJ;H 'ceJIa e nooena aa MYCJIlIMaHCKHoT necnoraaax Hap; XPI:ICTHj nCTBOTO II xpacraj aHCKaTau;nSHJHl3 aa naja na XX sex. 3apeM sepHHQHTe op; u;eJIlIOT xpHCTHjaHcKH cner Ke OCTaHaT 6e3myMHH H HeMa p;aB03spaTaT aa ropxrraaare JIeJIeqII aa OHBemTO yMHpaaT BO MaxeAOlmja?".162 Aqm:pMau;HjaTa aa MaKegoHcKoTCI p;eJIOBOBpeKa co CTpaHH. Taxa na
.

arpepara ,noarana op; CHTe npaxep BOnoqeTOKOT na 1903 rO)l.HHa aHrJIHCKHOT KOH3YlI ElIHOT

BO ep;eH H3BeUITaj ):(0 aHfJUICKHOT MHHHcTep HHcpopMHpa aa pasrosopor cpaHoB.l63 aa MllclIHoHepoT

sa

Ha;qBopeIIIHH pa60TII

JIeHcp;aYH

p;-p KJIapK co 6paToT aa Ilanxa, CTe-

Mac CTOH ro H3BpIIIHJIe QJIeHOBH ira MaKep;OHCKHOTKOMHTeT, "KOll p;aJIe 3aKJIeTBa nexa crxytrurrre napa Ke 6n.n:aT
Toj HCTaKHaJInesa Op;BJIeKysa.EDeTO aa qeCHO ynorpetieaa CKOTO. rpamatse r aaapmysarse. TpeGa)1.a ce fiapaf BO KaY3aTa aa MaKep;OHCKaTa cJI06o));a... ".lM aa noaonrorpajao npHCYCTBO na MaKep;OHgamr napnre aa OTKYIIOT BO aMepHKaHCKHOT

Arpepara MIIc CTOH npanoaena

Konrpec

II AarrapTMeHTOT H no Hej3IIHoTO

Ilenaprsrearor

HeKOJIKY IIaTlI pacnpaaan

0]]; OCMaHCKaTa lIMrrepHja, IIJIH Ke ra BpaTH CA)J:.16S Bo nepa-

OgOT OJ], 908)1.01912 rO)1.HHaCeHaToT HeKOJIKY na'ra 1 aa 21.3.1912 ronana, KOHrpeCOT

rrparpazan 3aKOHCKHnpoex-

TO sa HCUJIaKaFbeaa .n:06POBOTIHHTe npIITI03H, HO KOHrpeCOT ra O)1.6HBaJI. KOHeqHO

nparparan 3aKOHCKHrrpoexr "KOj nasa MO)l(HOCT
uapare na oaae naparena, KOH BO POK 0)1.2

aa gp::KaBHHOT cexperap

na ra spara

rO)l;HHH0)1.nparpazarsero aa 3aKOHOTKe nonaecar 5apalbe Aa HM ce sparar napare naneaa aa OTKyrrOT na Mac CTOH".166 KaKO noaaropa sa orxyncr aa MIIC CTOH ce peracTpnpaHH 2.261 JIHIJ;eKOB nonaparre 011; 0 u,eHTH));O5.000 )1.0JIapH.167 1

Kopsa. ITo apaxas.ero OJ:(CAA, I'narop Karepaaa ponana YUITe rrae KepKH H enea CHH.ITot:IlIHana BO 1952 ronaaa BO Tapaaa aa 86 ronamaa B03paCT . Ilonexa nax HeKOramHOTO 6e6e EJIeHa, 3aBpmHJIa nporecramcxa xonea BO Ilaparpan H ce OMa)l{IDIa aa aMepHKaHCK.HOT KOH3yn BO Tapaaa Ilopn Majaep, Meryroa, raa nO'IBHaJIa na 24 ronanraa B03paCT o;n:ry6epKOJl03a. 162 T. MHTeB, CAm; Ii MaKep:oHIDl ... ,40-41. 163 Kpere Bu'foCK.H, ;rJ;mmoMaTcKlI onrnaca aa HJIHH;n:eHcKoTo socrazae, Cxonje, 1983, 68. 164 Hero, 70, 6eJIeIIIKa 49. 16S JI. B.mepMaH, llO)l(apH B lUIaUBHaTa •••, 100-104. 166 Mcro, 104. 161 Hero, 119, Oe·lIeIIIK3 37.
151

MCTO,

105. Cesqcraoro

Ilanxa

ce aacenanc

DO

OTBOpWI BO Kopsa rrporecraacxa

eaopaja u ysanamre.

75

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