ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION

Translated by L.W. King

................................................................................................11 THE SIXTH TABLET.................................................................................W..................................6 THE FOURTH TABLET .......................................................13 i ........................................1 Translated by L....................................................................................1 THE FIRST TABLET ..........1 THE SECOND TABLET ..................................................................................................................... King ......................................3 THE THIRD TABLET..................................12 THE SEVENTH TABLET.....................................................ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION Table of Contents ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION........................8 THE FIFTH TABLET...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.. Anu.... their son.. And none bore a name. Apru was not diminished in might.. Abounding in all wisdom. Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being.. But Tiamat and Apsu were still in confusion.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION Translated by L..... In disorder..... When of the gods none had been called into being.' He was exceeding strong. ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION 1 .. And the god Anu. He had no rival − Thus were established and were.W.com • THE FIRST TABLET • THE SECOND TABLET • THE THIRD TABLET • THE FOURTH TABLET • THE FIFTH TABLET • THE SIXTH TABLET • THE SEVENTH TABLET THE FIRST TABLET When in the height heaven was not named. Then Ansar and Kisar were created. http://www. They were troubled and.. And the primeval Apsu.. Long were the days. Ansar and Anu. Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven...... She smote. and over them..... the great gods.. and no destinies were ordained.... And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name. Ages increased..... And no field was formed. And chaos. who begat them. Nudimmud. the mother of them both Their waters were mingled together.. then there came forth. King This page copyright © 2001 Blackmask Online... no marsh was to be seen.. his begetters. Tiamut. and their deeds.blackmask. whom his fathers. And Tiamat roared...

Then Ea... unto the tempest shalt thou..." Mummu answered. his minister. the glistening one. and Mummu. ... in. . went up and he beheld their muttering.. Apsu opened his mouth and spake.. by night shalt thou lie down in peace.. thou didst.... by night I can not lie down in peace..... he addressed the word: .. they altered... he hath conquered and . Then Apsu.their way. She raged and cried aloud.. he weepeth and sitteth in tribulation. . She uttered a curse. . .. By day I can not rest.. he spake: .... Let there be lamentation.!" And Tiamat harkened unto the word of the bright god.. grievously. . Since he (Mummu) planned evil against the gods his sons.. who were taken captive. They consulted on a plan with regard to the gods......... but thou shalt destroy it... their way is strong.. Lamentation they sat in sorrow . and unto Apsu she spake: "What then shall we do? Let their way be made difficult.. and let us lie down again in peace.. they will smite.... thy. Then by day shalt thou have rest..... . and let us lie down again in peace. let us lie down in peace. Apsu is laid waste... I will.. Come.. Cried unto Mummu...ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION Their way was evil...." Apsu harkened unto him and his countenance grew bright. ..... unto Tiamut let us go! So they went and before Tiamat they lay down. the begetter of the great gods. thou shalt take vengeance for them. thou minister that rejoicest my spirit.. shalt thou entrust! let us wage war!" ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION 2 ... they gave way beneath him. their sons.. their. we shall not lie down in peace.. he was afraid... [about 30 illegible lines] . But I will destroy their way...... His knees became weak. who knoweth all that is. and gave counsel unto Apsu. .... let us lie down in peace.." When Tiamat heard these words. . And unto Tiamut.... She. ..... and said unto him: "O Mummu.. .. ..and hostile to the gods was the counsel Mummu gave: Come. they. of fear. .. Because of the evil which their first−born had planned. and said: .

and fish−men. Decreed the fate among the gods his sons. thus exalted. Tiamat planned evil. instead of blood. and raging hounds. she made eleven [kinds of] monsters. saying: Thy command shall not be without avail. Her commands were mighty. To avenge Apsu. May they magnify thy name over all of them the Anunnaki. without fear of the fight. Whoever beheld them. And mighty tempests. for the gods did she create.. And hurricanes. Be thou exalted. and rams. They bore cruel weapons. Whoso is exalted in the battle. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto him. Ea harkened to this thing. The days went by. With splendor she decked them.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION . the father who begat him. fuming and raging. let him display his might!" THE SECOND TABLET Tiamat made weighty her handiwork. she made them of lofty stature. the god unto Ea divulged. on his breast she laid them. ." Now Kingu. Sharp of tooth. in costly raiment she made him sit. She exalted Kingu.. Made in addition weapons invincible. terror overcame him. saying: "Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire−god. They banded themselves together and at the side of Tiamat they advanced. To direct the battle. she filled their bodies. and merciless of fang. the gods in the midst of. thou my chosen spouse. With poison. and scorpion−men. having received the power of Anu. and the monster Lahamu. and his anger was appeased. Evil she wrought against the gods her children.. in their midst she raised him to power. To give the battle−signal. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. Among the gods who were her sons. and He was grievously afflicted and he sat in sorrow. Ummu−Hubur [Tiamat] who formed all things. to control the fight. They prepared for battle. inasmuch as he had given her support.." She gave him the Tablets of Destiny. none could resist them. They were furious. THE SECOND TABLET 3 . He went and. After this fashion. Fierce monster−vipers she clothed with terror. they devised mischief without resting night and day. Their bodies reared up and none could withstand their attack. They joined their forces and made war.. Unto him she entrusted. to lead the host.. standing before Ansar. she spawned monster−serpents. saying: I have uttered thy spell. And to the place of Ansar his father he took his way. to advance to the attack. To march before the forces. huge of stature. But how she had collected her forces. She set up vipers and dragons.

. to lead the host. Fierce monster−vipers she hath clothed with terror. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. thus exalted.. saying: 'Thy command shall not be without avail. and scorpion−men. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. Her commands are mighty. [A gap of about a dozen lines occurs here. huge of stature. "Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us.. he bit his lips. she hath made them of lofty stature. With all her force she rageth. who formed all things. Saying. in their midst she hath raised him to power.. instead of blood. without fear of the fight... the . With poison. battle. They bear cruel weapons.. . and merciless of fang. And mighty tempests. and fish−men and rams. Ummu−Hubur. he made a bitter lamentation: . Be thou exalted. thou. thev go at her side. her sons. she hath filled their bodies. They are furious. Decreed the fate for the gods. Among the gods who are her sons. fuming and raging. May they magnify thy name over all of them She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny.. deliberation . After this fashion. Whoso is exalted in the battle.. none can resist them. they devise mischief without resting night and day. All the gods have turned to her.. she hath spawned monster−serpents. They have joined their forces and are making war. They are banded together and at the side of Tiamat they advance.. To direct the battle. Sharp of tooth. saying: 'Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire−god. whom ye created. inasmuch as he hath given her support. She hath exalted Kingu.' Now Kingu. saving:. With splendor she hath decked them. They prepare for battle.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION All that Tiamat had plotted he repeated unto him. on his breast she laid them. to advance to the attack. of the gods. in costly raiment she hath made him sit. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. She hath set up vipers. I have uttered thy spell. having received the power of Anu.. and dragons. to control the fight. and the monster Lahamu. full of wrath. and where is one who can oppose her? . To give the battle−signal. . let him display his might!'" When Ansar heard how Tiamat was mightily in revolt. Mummu and Apsu thou hast smitten But Tiamat hath exalted Kingu. Unto him hath she entrusted. Whoever beholdeth them is overcome by terror. −Nudimmud.] THE SECOND TABLET 4 .. his mind was not at peace. To march before the forces. hath she made eleven monsters.. And hurricanes and raging hounds. With those. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. thou my chosen spouse..

. who maketh merciful his heart. to the battle shalt thou draw nigh. In Upsukkinaku seat yourself joyfully together. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it.. THE SECOND TABLET 5 . Destiny of the great gods. But if she will not harken unto thy word. With my word in place of you will I decree fate.] an avenger. that I may accomplish all that is in thy heart. rejoice and be glad.. toward her he took the way.. Pacify Tiamat with thy pure incantation. who knoweth all wisdom." He heard the word of his father Ansar And he directed his path to her. Whose strength is great and whose onslaught can not be withstood.. O Ansar. let not the word of thy lips be overcome. he that shall behold thee shall have peace." The lord rejoiced at the word of his father. 0 my son. that I may accomplish all that is in thy heart.. who is a woman. Our word shalt thou speak unto her. your avenger. valiant . and he turned back. The neck of Tiamat shalt thou swiftly trample under foot.. let not the word of thy lips be overcome.. Let me go. Ann drew nigh. . .. But he could not withstand her. May whatsoever I do remain unaltered. For thy blood shall not be poured out..... .. rejoice and be glad. in the place of his decision .ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION Ansar unto his son addressed the word: ". Speedily set out upon thy way. Go and stand before Tiamat. And he drew nigh and stood before Ansar. . that her heart may be merciful.. who hath brought thee forth to battle? . Ansar . and unto his father he spake: "O Lord of the gods.." And the lord rejoiced at the word of his father.. "O my father. is armed and attacketh thee. thy father " Thou art my son. The neck of Tiamat shalt thou swiftly trample under foot.. That her spirit may be appeased. Appoint an assembly. He kissed him on the lips and his fear departed from him.... my mighty hero. Let me go. he spake unto him: . His heart exulted.. Conquer Tiamat and give you life. Tiamat. If I.. thou shalt return again. that she may be pacified. he beheld the muttering of Tiamat. Ansar beheld him and his heart was filled with joy. .." What man is it. he spake unto him: [A gap of over twenty lines occurs here.

. And hurricanes. whom ye created. to advance to the attack. saying: THE THIRD TABLET 6 . huge of stature. With splendor she hath decked them. their avenger they may decree the fate.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION May the word of my lips never be chanced nor made of no avail. and scorpion−men. Sharp of tooth and merciless of fang. in costly raiment she hath made him sit. thou canst attain. Unto Lahmu and Lahamu will I send thee. in their midst she hath raised him to power. full of wrath. and rams. "O Gaga. They have joined their forces and are making war. and Unto Gaga. Gaga. resist them. They prepare for battle. to control the fight. To march before the forces. at a banquet let them sit. Make ready for a feast. she hath spawned monster−serpents. . and say: 'Ansar.. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack.. she hath filled their bodies. thou shalt cause to be brought before thee. stand before them. she hath made them of lofty stature. . they go at her side.. vour son. . thou minister that rejoicest my spirit.. inasmuch as he hath given her support. To give the battle−signal. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. Whoever beboldeth them. She hath exalted Kingu. and dragons. Unto him hath she entrusted. all of them. And mighty tempests. With those. terror overcometh him. fuming and raging. spake the word. To direct the battle. And all that I tell thee. Her commands are miahty.. let them mix wine. That for Marduk. She hath set up vipers. Go. hath sent me. They are furious. With poison. They bear merciless weapons. who formed all things. Among the gods who are her sons. instead of blood. they devise mischief without resting night and day." THE THIRD TABLET Ansar opened his mouth. Ummu−Hubur. After this fashion. his minister. and the monster Lahamu. without fear of the fight. He saith that Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. and raging bounds. They are banded together. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. repeat unto them. With all her force she rageth. and at the side of Tiamat they advance. to lead the host. none can. All the gods have turned to her. let the gods. and fish−men. Let them eat bread. Fierce monster−vipers she hath clothed with terror. hath she made eleven monsters.

thus exalted. and raging hounds. He made obeisance. And mighty tempests. With my word in place of you will I decree fate. your son. on his breast she laid them. your son. With poison. But Marduk hath set out. instead of blood. the gods."' Hasten. and scorpion−men. his fathers. he took his way and Humbly before Lahmu and Lahamu. full of wrath. hath sent me. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. saving: Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire−god. They prepare for battle. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. and rams. Whoever beboldeth them. All the gods have turned to her. she hath made them of lofty stature. May whatsoever I do remain unaltered.. Gaga went. May the word of my lips never be changed nor made of no avail. and swiftly decree for him the fate which you bestow. She hath set up vipers. and he kissed the ground at their feet. let him display his might!" I sent Anu. then he stood up and spake unto them saying: "Ansar. Be thou exalted. they go at her side. That he may go and fight your strong enemy. whom ye created. the director of the gods. To set out against Tiamat his heart hath prompted him. thou my chosen spouse. They have joined their forces and are making war.. who formed all things. without fear of the fight. and fish−men. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. He humbled himself. the Anunnaki. With splendor she hath decked them. They bear merciless weapons. and the monster Lahamu. but he could not withstand her. He saith that Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us. Conquer Tiamat and give you life. your avenger. saying: Thy command shall not be without avail. Decreed the fate for the gods. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. Nudimmud was afraid and turned back. none can resist them. May they magnify thy name over all of them . They are furious. With all her force she rageth. terror overcometh him. Whoso is exalted in the battle. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. Ummu−Hubur. and dragons. her sons. In Upsukkinaku seat yourself joyfully together. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. having received the power of Anu. Fierce monster−vipers she hath clothed with terror. therefore. she hath spawned monster−serpents. They are banded together and at the side of Tiamat they advance. With those. Her commands are mighty." She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny. saying: "If I. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it." Now Kingu. Appoint an assembly.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION I have uttered thy spell. she hath filled their bodies. He opened his mouth and spake unto me. they devise mischief without resting night and day. THE THIRD TABLET 7 . Sharp of tooth and merciless of fang. And hurricanes. fuming and raging.

her sons. She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny on his breast she laid them. They entered in before Ansar. to control the fight. their spirit was exalted. Appoint an assembly. their avenger.the Anunnaki.' Hasten.. She hath exalted Kingu. their bodies were filled. They were drunk with drinking. the director of the gods.. May the word of my lips never be changed nor made of no avail. inasmuch as he hath given her support. hath she made eleven monsters. they mixed sesame−wine. That he may go and fight your strong enemy! Lahmu and Lahamu heard and cried aloud All of the Igigi [The elder gods] wailed bitterly. saying: 'Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire−god. who decree fate. Whoso is exalted in the battle. To direct the battle. the mead. With my word in place of you will I decree fate. THE FOURTH TABLET They prepared for him a lordly chamber. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. whatsoever I do remain unaltered. To give the battle−signal. To set out against Tiamat his heart hath prompted him. to advance to the attack. Conquer Tiamat and give you life. having received the power of Anu. In Upsukkinaku seat yourselves joyfully together. thus exalted. The sweet drink. saying: What has been altered so that they should We do not understand the deed of Tiamat! Then did they collect and go. to lead the host. Be thou exalted. To march before the forces. they filled. May they magnify thy name over all of them.. Unto him hath she entrusted. your son. May. in the assembly. They ate bread. your avenger..ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION After this fashion. thou my chosen spouse. But Marduk hath set out.. They made ready for the feast. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. Decreed the fate for the gods.. THE FOURTH TABLET 8 . saying: 'If I. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. They were wholly at ease. confused their. The great gods. and swiftly decree for him the fate which you bestow.. Among the gods who are her sons. did they decree the fate. let him display his might!' I sent Anu. but he could not withstand her. therefore.' Now Kingu. He opened his mouth and spake unto me. in costlv raiment she hath made him sit. They kissed one another. all of them. saving: Thy command shall not be without avail... saving: I have uttered thy spell. Then for Marduk. in their midst she hath raised him to power. Nudimmud was afraid and turned back. huge of stature. at the banquet they sat. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it.

the desire of the shrines of the gods. the storm unequaled for terror. Command now and let the garment vanish. They rejoiced. and the whirlwind. thou art our avenger! We give thee sovereignty over the whole world. pour out his life. and the ring. and the hurricane. and the wind which had no equal. THE FOURTH TABLET 9 . thy word is Anu! 0 Marduk. In thy power shall it be to exalt and to abase. spare the life of him that putteth his trust in thee. And speak the word again and let the garment reappear! Then he spake with his mouth. even though they lack offerings. The four winds he stationed so that nothing of her might escape. Established shall be the word of thy mouth. "Thou art chiefest among the great gods.. He sent forth the winds which he bad created.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION Before his fathers as prince he took his place. be exalted in thy command. O Lord. ferocious.. Thy weapon shall never lose its power. the seven of them. he chose his weapon. beheld the fulfillment of his word. " Marduk is king!" They bestowed upon him the scepter. the gift of his father Anu. and thy command shall be fulfilled. thou art chiefest among the great gods. Then the lord raised the thunderbolt. He harnessed and yoked unto it four horses." Then set they in their midst a garment. None among the gods shall transgress thy boundary. Shall be established in thy sanctuary. they followed after him. and swift of pace. thy word is Anu! Henceforth not without avail shall be thy command. O lord. and the tempest. And the fourfold wind. He created the evil wind. They give him an invincible weapony which overwhelmeth the foe. And let the wind carry her blood into secret places. in his right hand he grasped it. and. To disturb the inward parts of Tiamat. overwhelming. Again he commanded it. The bow and the quiver he hung at his side. saying. and they did homage unto him. Thy fate is unequaled. it shall crush thy foe. He made a net to enclose the inward parts of Tiamat. his mighty weapon. He set the lightning in front of him. With burning flame he filled his body. speak thou the word. They caused him to set out on a path of prosperity and success. The South wind and the North wind and the East wind and the West wind He brought near to the net. Sit thou down in might. Abundance. But as for the god who began the rebellion. the garment reappeared. And unto Marduk. Destructive.− their first−born they spake: "May thy fate. Thy fate is unequaled. He made ready the bow. irresistible shall be thy command. and the sevenfold wind. Go. his fathers. He slung a spear upon him and fastened it. When the gods. He mounted the chariot. He raised the club. and the garment vanished. To destroy and to create. and cut off the life of Tiamat." After the gods his fathers had decreed for the lord his fate. O Marduk. be supreme among the gods. and the throne.

the counselor of the gods. . Then advanced Tiamat and Marduk.. their. that. She recited an incantation. They were skilled in.. thus he sent the word: Thou art become great. his mighty weapon. piercing cries... The gods his fathers beheld him. . and their sight was troubled.. he pierced her heart. him. they had been trained to trample underfoot. And against the gods my fathers thou hast contrived thy wicked plan.. .. he should issue deerees.. She trembled and shook to her very foundations. Let then thy host be equipped.. let thy weapons be girded on! Stand! I and thou.. ... Thou hast exalted Kingu to be thy spouse. But Tiamat. And the evil wind that was behind him he let loose in her face. who was raging... he was clothed with terror. She was like one posessed. THE FOURTH TABLET 10 . Tiamat uttered wild. And her courage was taken from her. she pronounced her spell. His will was destroyed and his motions ceased. she turned not her neck. As Marduk gazed. And the gods.. Then he set out. Then they beheld him. Kingu was troubled in his gait. to the battle they drew nigh. From their places have they gathered. On his lips he held . thou hatest.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION . his helpers.. Beheld their leader's. The lord spread out his net and caught her. As Tiamat opened her mouth to its full extent. were their teeth. The terrible winds filled her belly.. With overpowering brightness his head was crowned.. her spouse. He severed her inward parts. their fathers.. And toward the raging Tiamat he set his face.... Thou hast. thou hast exalted thyself on high. he grasped in his hand. His garment was. he gazed upon the inward parts of Tiamat. And the lord drew nigh. Left and right.. thy coming as lord of the gods. He drove in the evil wind.. And the gods of the battle cried out for their weapons. . they were flecked with foam. the gods beheld him. . in thy place are they! " Then the lord raised the thunderbolt. ... let us join battle! When Tiamat heard these words.. And against Tiamat.. mighty in battle. . He seized the spear and burst her belly. To the fight they came on.. and her mouth she opened wide. thou hast followed after evil.she lost her reason... He perceived the muttering of Kingu.. who marched by his side. And thy heart hath prompted thee to call to battle. while as yet she had not shut her lips.. even as Anu.. he took his way. .. He overcame her and cut off her life. With lips that failed not she uttered rebellious words: ". the gods beheld him..

Presents and gifts they brought unto him. He conquered. He fixed a bolt. be returned. who marched at her. He caused Anu. He split her up like a flat fish into two halves. But they were surrounded. and they rejoiced and were glad. And the gods her helpers.. And he founded E−sara. The . And unto Tiamat. he broke their weapons. Then the lord rested. they were held in bondage. and turned back. Upon the troop of devils. Her might was broken. And had made the arrogant foe even like And had fullv established Ansar's triumph over the enemy And had attained the purpose of Nudimmud. and Ea in their districts to inhabit. Moreover. Over the captive gods he strengthened his durance. They received punishment from him. as the stars of the Zodiac. who marched by her side. And on the eleven creatures which she had filled with the power of striking terror.. THE FIFTH TABLET He (Marduk) made the stations for the great gods. While he divided the flesh of the .. gazing upon her dead body. He sealed them with a seal and in his own breast he laid them. And bade them not to let her waters come forth. They took to flight to save their lives. Bel. He brought affliction. Trembled. Kingu. He took them captive. Them and their opposition he trampled under his feet. He cut through the channels of her blood. And with his merciless club he smashed her skull. a mansion like unto it. His fathers beheld. One half of her he stablished as a covering for heaven. And he made the North wind bear it away into secret places. And the lord measured the structure of the Deep. And the lord stood upon Tiamat's hinder parts.. And over against the Deep he set the dwelling of Nudimmud. their strength he.. Now after the hero Marduk had conquered and cast down his enemies. The stars. and devised a cunning plan. he fixed. of the world they filled with cries of grief. He passed through the heavens. The mansion E−sara which he created as heaven. he stationed a watchman.. and with the god Dug−ga he counted him. who had been exalted over them. When be had slain Tiamat. he surveyed the regions thereof.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION He cast down her body and stood upon it. so that they could not escape. the leader. .. He took from him the Tablets of Destiny that were not rightly his. In the net they were caught and in the snare they sat down. and were afraid. whom be bad conquered... her host was scattered.. THE FIFTH TABLET 11 . their images.

to destroy. that man may I will create man who shall inhabit the earth.] THE SIXTH TABLET When Marduk beard the word of the gods. .. That none might err or go astray. The ... his fathers... .... in heaven shall it...!" And thus he named the names of the bow. a being of the night.. They praised the work which he had done.... He opened great gates on both sides. He opened his mouth and unto Ea he spake That which he had conceived in his heart he imparted unto him: "My blood will I take and bone will I fashion I will make man.. the half.. . to determine the days. Thou commandest the horns to determine six days. saving. . And on the .!" Then he fixed a station for it.. .. Then Anu raised the ... In the midst thereof he fixed the zenith...in heaven." [Nearly fifty lines are here lost. After he had . The Moon−god he caused to shine forth.... in the assembly of the gods.. and the Sun−god shall. They beheld the bow and how its work was accomplished.. saving. He appointed him.. when thou shinest upon the land. thou shalt cause to . to traverse her way. beheld the net which he had made. For the twelve months he fixed three stars.. And its third name shall be the Bow−star. Now after the fate of..thee. the days of the year . He kissed the bow... day thou shalt stand opposite... saying: "At the beginning of the month. [The remainder of this tablet is missing.. and the second name shall be .. And on the seventh day to divide the crown....... On the fourteenth day thou shalt stand opposite. and thou shalt judge the right.. "'Long−wood' shall be one name. He set a throne. thou shalt cause to draw nigh. and thou shalt make his. unto the path of the Sun−god shalt thou cause to draw nigh. He made strong the bolt on the left and on the right... Every month without ceasing with the crown he covered him.. images. He founded the station of Nibir [the planet Jupiter] to determine their bounds.] The gods. When the Sun−god on the foundation of heaven.. the night he entrusted to him.... He set the station of Bel and Ea along with him. THE SIXTH TABLET 12 .. " It is.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION He ordained the year and into sections he divided it. His heart prompted him and he devised a cunning plan.

THE SEVENTH TABLET O Asari. and I will change their paths. and Ea!" He was their patron. they cried: " We.." [The rest of the text is wanting with the exception of the last few lines of the tablet. let them pay reverence. their avenger." In sore distress we felt his favoring breeze. [Marduk] "Bestower of planting...ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION That the service of the gods may be established." The gods paid homage." "The God of the Favoring Breeze. "the Life of the host of the gods.. But I will alter the ways of the gods..." "The Creator of Fulness and Abundance. they exalted him. [Mardk] "who is revered in the house of counsel. "the Bringer of Purification. None among the gods can rival him! 15 Tutu [Marduk] is Zi−ukkina. !" They seated themselves and in the assembly they named him...... Should their wants be pure.. the .. Never shall his . whose provision is abundance..." "the Lord of Hearing and Mercy. .. [Marduk] "the mighty one.." "who caused the green herb to spring up!" O Asaru−alim.. fear took hold upon them! O Asaru−alim−nuna." "who aboundeth in counsel." "Who directeth the decrees of Anu Bel.." "Who increaseth all that is small.. Should he make an incantation." Who established for the gods the bright heavens... then are they satisfied. and one." Let them say.] They rejoiced.. .... then are the gods appeased.. goeth forth. and ordained their path.. be ordained their. whom he succored. In Upsukkinnaku they set their dwelling. Should they attack him in anger.. let them bow in humility before him! THE SEVENTH TABLET 13 . shall be destroyed and men will I. and the gods .. They all cried aloud... . which read as follows..." "Founder of sowing" "Creator of grain and plants." "the Light of the father who begat him. . He.. deeds be forgotten among men. he withstandeth their onslaught! Let him therefore be exalted. and they. of the gods I have changed . Together shall they be oppressed and unto evil shall they. Tutu [Marduk] is "He who created them anew". And Ea answered him and spake the word: ". Of the heroic son.. Tutu as Zi−azag thirdly they named. He set them on their way." " the Founder of Plenteousness. and in the assembly of the gods let him... and that their shrines may be built...

" "Who removed the yoke from upon the gods his enemies. "The Creator of the earth." "The Merciful One. ... Who through his Pure Incantation hath destroyed all the evil ones!" Sag−zu.. " the Counselor of Ea.." ".. [Marduk] "who knoweth the heart of the gods... In the mouth of mankind whom his hands have made! Tutu as Mu−azag.!" Zulummu..." ".. ...!" Agil...!" Mummu... let them..!" Mulil... let. "the King of the band of the gods.." "Who is exalted in a royal habitation......" "Who destroyed all the wicked. "Who brought the gods to naught.. . of those without understanding is Lugaldul−azaga! . mankind hecreated... pure is his dwelling! ..." " who seeth through the innermost part!" "The evil−doer he hath not caused to go forth with him!" "Founder of the assembly of the gods.." "Who among the gods is gloriously supreme! Adu−nuna..." "Who put their plans to confusion.... the. thirdly.. But somewhere among the lost lines belong the following fragments...!" Tutu as Suh−kur.." " the Quickener of the Dead....!" "Director of Righteousness." " the Lord of rulers." who created the gods his fathers.. their heart!" "Subduer of the disobedient." "For their forgiveness did he create mankind......ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION Tutu as Aga−azag may mankind fourthly magnify! "The Lord of the Pure Incantation.. supreme is his might! Lugal−durmah." "Who had mercy upon the captive gods. And upon him understanding.!" ... "Who for.. " the Chief of all lords." .... "The mighty one.... with whom it is to bestow life!" May his deeds endure." .] who.. fifthly. "the Destroyer of the foe.." " Who rebellion and.. in Dul−azag be made it known.!" Tutu as Zi−si.. the heavens..!" Giskul.. ! [There is a gap here of sixty lines." "who. supreme is his might! THE SEVENTH TABLET 14 . Unto the path of whose majesty No god can ever attain! . his "Pure incantation" may their mouth proclaim...." "Who put an end to anger." who .. He named the four quarters of the world... may they never be forgotten ." ".. "the ... "The Giver of counsel and of whatsoever.. " the Creator of..

. may it hold sway forever! Since he created the realm of heaven and fashioned the firm earth. The Lord of the World...... All my commands shall he make known! " By the name of "Fifty " did the great gods Proclaim his fifty names..... Shall be even as I. Let the wise and the understanding consider them together! Let the father repeat them and teach them to his son. Let them be in the ears of the pastor and the shepherd! Let a man rejoice in Marduk. of the battle! [Here follows the better−preserved ending... He gazed in his anger... and that he himself may have prosperity! His word standeth fast. though it gives a variant form of the principal incident THE SEVENTH TABLET 15 .. The utterance of his mouth hath no god ever annulled. which all the Spirits of Heaven proclaimed..e..... Did Ea hear. his command is unaltered.. .. and his spirit was rejoiced.. . the text is not a creation−legend. broad is his compassion. they spake before him..] ..... may they pay homage unto him.. his name. "He who forced his way through the midst of Tiamat without resting. in the midst of Tiamat..... they.. When he is wroth.. This title. 'the Seizer of the Midst'! For the stars of heaven he upheld the paths. Let his name be Nibiru. his name shall be Ea! The binding of all my decrees shall he control. of Marduk may the gods. and he said: "He whose name his fathers have made glorious.. May this be heard without ceasing... unto..." the father Bel hath called his name. he troubled and ended her life.. .ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION . they took and.. May they .. the names of Marduk] be held in remembrances and let the first man proclaim them... Saying... when the days grow old.. which shineth in the heavens. no god can withstand his indignation. Wide is his heart.! END OF THE CREATION EPIC THE FIGHT WITH TIAMAT (ANOTHER VERSION) [Note: Strictly speaking..... They received instruction. May he hold the Beginning and the Future... He shepherded all the gods like sheep! He conquered Tiamat.. ! . The sinner and evil−doer in his presence. the star..... their. That be may cause his land to be fruitful.. the Lord of the gods... he turned not his neck. . .." In the future of mankind. made his path preeminent. EPILOGUE Let them [i.

For three years and three months.. men . slav the dragon... Here the fight with the dragon did not precede the creation of the world.... one day and one night The blood of the dragon flowed.. For their grief there was none to take them by the hand. Men uttered lamentation. And deliver the broad land from.. In heaven the gods bowed themselves down before the Moon−god.. THE SEVENTH TABLET 16 . All the gods of heaven.!" Thou hast sent me. and he slew the dragon. Thou shalt grasp it.. In water nine cubits deep he draggeth.. and storm and tempest! The seal of thy life shalt thou set before thy face... i... But I know not the. ." He stirred up cloud. six or seven miles] in his length. they ..... Bel in heaven hath formed. twelve cubits his.. the raging creatures of the river..e.. of the Dragon! [The rest of the Obverse and the upper part of the Reverse of the tablet are wanting...... Fifty kaspu [A kaspu is the space that can be covered in two hours travel. " Stir up cloud... O Lord. The border of the Moon−god's robe they hastily grasped: "Who will go and slay the dragon... Six cubits is his mouth.. ? Tiamat was the dragon.ENUMA ELISH: THE EPIC OF CREATION in the history of the creation according to the Enuma Elish. a bird.. Twelve cubits is the circuit of his ears... Tishu..] The cities sighed. And opened his mouth and spake unto the god......... but took place after men had been created and cities had been built." And deliver the broad land from.... For their lamentation there was none to help..... to. ? " Go.] REVERSE . one kaspu in his height.. He grasped it." He raiseth his tail on high.. and thou shalt slay the dragon.... And become king over... and storm and tempest. á Who was the dragon.. And become king over..... He set the seal of his life before his face... For the space of sixty cubits he .

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