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18 items: KEY INNOVATIONS, DISCOVERIES, in ecology, environmental sciences, biology (this is a list of some publications authored by Dr. S.A. O.

and coauthors that contain new discoveries in some key areas of environmental and life sciences. Improving water quality, sustainability, environment safety. D:\2011\Main.Discoveries\NewFormat, without table\ Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost CONTENT: Part 1. List of SITES with comments IN SOME WORLD LANGUAGES Part 2. LIST OF THE DISCOVERIES, INNOVATIONS, FORMULATED IN ONE-LINE SENTENCES Part 3. LIST OF THE DISCOVERIES WITH REFERENCES TO THE PUBLICATIONS, sites, and comments: Part 4. Additional information: USEFUL SITES:

** Part 1. SITES with comments IN SOME WORLD LANGUAGES: In English: http://www.scribd.com/doc/78730274; In Chinese (simp.): http://www.scribd.com/doc/82323589/ In Chinese (trad.): http://www.scribd.com/doc/82374003/ In French: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82323068/In-French In Indonesian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82369704/In-Indonesian; In Italian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82370780/; In Japanese: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82404969/In-Japanese; In Malay: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82409403/In-Malay; In Portuguese: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82463074/ In Spanish: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82469956/In-Spanish;.

Part 2. THE LIST OF THE DISCOVERIES, INNOVATIONS, FORMULATED IN ONE-LINE SENTENCES: 1. Innovative conceptualization: how ecosystems improve water quality. 2. Fundamentally new facts: hazardous biological and toxic effects of detergents. 3. Inhibitory analysis: A new method to explore top-down control in ecosystems. 4. A contribution to solution: the problem of criteria for environmental hazards.

5. A new contribution to solution: the problem of eutrophication. 6. New measurements: a quantitative estimate: the role of pellets of mollusks. 7. New facts, discovery: pollutants inhibit: fluxes (flows, transfers) of chemical elements. 8. Biomachinery. A new fundamental concept. New scientific term. Authored by Dr. S.A. O. 9. Modernized Terminology. A new improved definition. What is ‘ecosystem’? 10. New key facts. Scientific basis of technology. New phytotechnology: water treatment. 11. A new step. How to solve the problem. Stability of the biosphere. 12. A new component of the mechanism of regulation. Self-organization in the biosphere. 13. New serious hazards: low-level (sublethal) chemical pollution. 14. A new environmental hazard of pollution: damage to links between parts of ecosystems. 15. A new mechanism. How living organisms change the environment. 16. New fundamental concepts, terminology. Two-level synergism: man-made effects; 17. A new anthropogenic factor: initiation, stimulation of algal blooms. 18. New short list. The most urgent topics: environmental research in 21st century.

Part 3. THE LIST OF THE DISCOVERIES WITH REFERENCES TO THE PUBLICATIONS, sites, and comments: 1. Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (ecosystemic water selfpurification): http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Key publications: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/2H469p203-Polyfunctional-role-w-Addendum; http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/; [Aquatic ecosystem as a bioreactor. - RIVISTA DI BIOLOGIA-BIOLOGY FORUM, Volume: 97, Issue: 1, Pages: 67-78, 2004]: full text free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52656760/ Biocontrol of water quality: http://www.scribd.com/ar55/d/49131150 Application: better water resources management, water sustainability, protection of water quality; ** 2. Fundamentally new facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of detergents (surfactants, tensides, surface-active agents). These facts were presented and analyzed in the book: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545/, Key publication: http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849325267; http://b23.ru/ksmk;

Also some papers: http://www.scribd.com/doc/63900190/; Application: preventing most risky forms of chemical pollution, protection of water quality; ** 3. Inhibitory analysis: A new method to explore top-down control in ecosystems: eutrophication, algal bloom, water self-purification. New facts about the organisms which are filter-feeders (suspension feeders). These facts gave a quantitative estimate of the role of filter-feeders in ecosystem: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61179989/3-Legendary-discoveries-top-Down-Control-Inhibitory-analysis; Key publication: http://www.moip.msu.ru/?p=154; ** 4. An innovative contribution to solution to the problem of criteria for environmental hazards of chemicals (the criteria to evaluate negative anthropogenic effects of chemicals on organisms): http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549/; Key publications: http://sites.google.com/site/2000dbs371p204criteria/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49088234; And: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/; Rivista di Biologia: http://www.scribd.com/ar55/d/52636721-3-System-of-Criteria; ** 5. A new contribution to solution to the problem of eutrophication: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61241602/ Text of the key publication: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065550/; Application: preventing eutrophication. ** 6. New measurements that gave a quantitative estimate of the role of pellets of mollusks in fluxes of chemical elements. [The pellets are small pieces, aggregates of organic matter which are excreted by invertebrate animals. The pellets are excreted by the animals as a result of filtering the suspended organic matter and plankton out from water] http://www.scribd.com/doc/61247059/; Text of the key publication: scribd.com/doc/49065604; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911730; http://b23.ru/ndgz; Application: preventing or minimizing emissions of greenhouse gases, a contribution to the scientific basis for technologies for climate protection.

** 7. New facts, Discovery: Pollutants Inhibit Fluxes of Chemical Elements: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61251644/; Text of the key publication: www.scribd.com/doc/49065530/; ** 8. Discovery of biomachinery ( a new scientific term proposed by Dr. S.A. O.). Example: biomachinery of water self-purification. This biomachinery improves water quality in aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystems: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/; Texts of the key publications: http://www.scribd.com/doc/44105992/; www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/100141.pdf; Application: protection of water quality, better water resources management, water sustainability. ** 9. A new improved and modernized definition of the term ‘ecosystem’: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62076114/; Key publication: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065580; The new definition that was proposed in this publication is in accord with the modern knowledge. Application: improving environmental education. ** 10. Finding new key facts that contribute to a scientific basis for a new phytotechnology of water treatment. Example: the biological species of aquatic vegetation ( Ceratophyllum demersum) removes heavy metals from water. For instance, lead, cadmium and 2 other heavy metals were simultaneously removed from water: http://www.scribd.com/doc/62146380/; Key publication: http://www.getcited.org/pub/103493773; A series of new facts on the role of aquatic vegetation. ** 11. A contribution to solution to the enigma of stability of the biosphere (the enigma of the balance in ecology, the sustainability of the natural environment): http://www.scribd.com/doc/62333244/; Application: preventing global change; contribution to the scientific basis for climate protection technologies;

** 12. Discovery of a new component of the mechanism of regulation and self-organization in the biosphere. A contribution to understanding the chemical regulation in the biosphere. New fundamental concepts and terminology: Ecological chemomediators, ecological chemoregulators: See: On the Concepts of Biochemical Ecology and Hydrobiology: Ecological Chemomediators. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 238–244. http://scipeople.com/publication/67236/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/41634664; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5465_ConceptsEcologicalChemomediato rs; Application of this discovery: This discovery and associated innovative analysis and conceptualization became a basis for a book: S.A. O., Introduction to Biochemical Ecology (Moscow University Press). This book became a basis of a new lecture course. The title of the course was the same as the title of the book: Biochemical Ecology. This course contributed to modernization of university education in Russia, and in 8 universities in Poland, as well as in universities of some other countries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/53784108/ ** 13. Discovery of new serious hazards from low-level (sublethal) chemical pollution. Discovery of pollutants that inhibited the of activity organisms which are filter-feeders. As a result, a discovery of pollutants which decrease the efficiency of self-purification of water. See relevant information in some of the publications that were mentioned above here: Item 8: New Discovery: BIOMACHINERY. Example: biomachinery of improving water quality (self-purification) in aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystems: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/; Item 1: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification) http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; Item 2: New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545/ ; Application: improving environmental law, environmental regulation; protection of water quality; pollution control; ** 14. Discovery of a new environmental hazard from environmental pollution. Discovery of a man-made chemical can break an important link between components of ecosystems. See the publication: A New Type of Effect of Potentially Hazardous Substances: Uncouplers of Pelagial– Benthal Coupling. - Doklady Biological Sciences 2002, v.383, No.1-6; pp.127-130. http://www.scribd.com/doc/45913695/A-new-Type-of-Effect-2DBS-fulltext;

http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-1/new-type-of-action-of-potentiallyhazardous-chemicals-uncouplers-of-pelagial-benthal-coupling-novyi-tip-deistviya-potentzialnoopasnykh-veshchestv-razobshchiteli-pelagialno-bentalnogo-sopryazheniya--dan-2002-v-383-no-1-p138141; http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-1/a-new-type-of-effect-of-potentiallyhazardous-substances-uncouplers-of-pelagialbenthal-coupling---doklady-biological-sciences-2002-vol383-1-6; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/179_A_new_type_of_effect_of_potential ly_hazardous_substances_uncouplers_of_pelagialbenthal_coupling; http://www.researchgate.net/publication/11319341_A_new_type_of_effect_of_potentially_hazardous _substances_uncouplers_of_pelagial-benthal_coupling; scipeople.ru/group/341/topic/1395/; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12053562; www.springerlink.com/index/28v23jbfadl1y100.pdf; Application: pollution control; water sustainability; natural resources management; ** 15. Discovery of a new mechanism of how living organisms change the environment, how they adjust or condition some important chemical parameters of the environment. Discovery of a new organismdependent mechanism of a decrease in environmental toxicity of chemicals and chemical elements. Dr. S. A. O. Some issues of chemico-biotic interactions and the new in the teaching on the biosphere / series: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 17. Moscow, MAX Press, 2011. – 20 p. ISBN 9785-317-03710-9. http://scipeople.ru/publication/102875/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/57818520/; [In Russian: Остроумов С.А. Некоторые вопросы химико-биотических взаимодействий и новое в учении о биосфере / серия: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 17. М.: МАКС Пресс, 2011. - 20 с. ISBN 978-5-317-03710-9. A new typology of the main types of matter in the biosphere was proposed in this publication, and in a series of additional publications]. Application: improvement of environmental monitoring. ** 16. New fundamental concepts and terminology: two-level synergism of man-made effects; synecological summation of man-made effects: “synecological summation” or “synergistic summation” of anthropogenic effects on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels: innovations in the publications: Dr. S.A.O. The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. - Doklady Biological Sciences. 2001; 380: 499-501. http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs380p499synerg/;

Danbio52.2001v380p847.E.2 level.synergism. Publication: Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, vol. 380, (Russian journal: Doklady Akademii Nauk, 2001, vol. 380, p.847); two-level synergism; Dr. S.A.O.; http://b23.ru/n1dk = http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065634/Danbio52-2001v380p847-E-2levelsynergism; Application: more efficient pollution control; ** 17. Finding of a new anthropogenic factor that may initiate algal blooms (also red tides, brown tides, blooms of cyanobacteria): Publications: Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia. 2002, vol. 469, p. 117-129; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579/; http://b23.ru/nwmb; The Synecological Approach to the Problem of Eutrophication. - Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 381, 2001, pp. 559–562; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065550/; Application: a contribution to the scientific basis for better control of eutrophication, for preventing toxic algae blooms, preventing blooms of cyanobacteria, preventing red tides, brown tides. ** 18. List of the most urgent topics, research priorities for ecology and environmental science for the 21st century. Executive summary that was developed by an international team of ecologists. A basis for grant proposals, for evaluation of new results, for writing new reviews. Full text free [Rivista di Biologia]: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52655707/ Application: writing grant proposals; long-term planning, funding and management of scientific research; **

Part 4. Additional information: useful sites:
** A book that contains some data relevant to many of those 17 innovations listed above: http://b23.ru/ksmk ** Comments on this book in various languages: in Azerbaijani, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Afrikaans, Basque: http://www.scribd.com/doc/81915726/ in Belarusian, Bengali, Bulgarian, Hungarian, Vietnamese, Dutch, Galician, Georgian, Greek, Gujarati, Danish, Hebrew, Iceland, Spanish: http://www.scribd.com/doc/81920220/

in Italian, Kannada, Catalan, Chinese, Korean, Latvian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82043196/ in Irish, Lithuanian, Malay, Macedonian, Maltese, German: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82113824 in Norwegian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82260701/ ** Annotated English bibliography: In the form of a list; Environmental Science, Ecology. Dr. S.O., with comments, with sites of the full texts: http://www.scribd.com/doc/79546542; **

Publications indexed: Web of Science. Area: Environmental sciences, life sciences. Authored, co-authored: Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82458780/Indexed-Web-of-Science;
** All about the author: http://b23.ru/k3th ** Key words: Chinese, French, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish, short list, fundamental discoveries, new facts, new conceptualization, environmental, science, ecology, biology, environmental safety, water quality, sustainability, pollution control, application, resource management, education,