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Mentall Heallth & Sociiall Care Current Awareness Bulllletiin Menta Hea th & Soc a Care Current Awareness Bu et n

No 336 No 336

h February 27ttth 2012 February 27 h 2012

The Mental Health & Social Care Current Awareness Bulletin is produced at Essex Public Health Resource Unit
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East of England Health Libraries Network: EoEHLN

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Research Research
Addictions Anxiety Dementia Depression Dual Diagnosis

National News International News Local Additions

Eating Disorders Forensic Psychiatry


Learning Disabilities

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Nursing Research O/C Disorders

EPHRU Mental Health Blog


Occupational Therapy Post Traumatic Stress Psychology Schizophrenia

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Minding Matters

Social Work

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News from all corners of the world

Department of Health

Grant allocations for adults personal social services


National News

'Rudimentary' best interests assessor training needs overhaul, College tells Burstow The 'rudimentary' level of training provided to best interests assessors must be significantly improved to protect service users under the deprivation of liberty safeguards, Paul Burstow has been told Government to dismantle 'bloated' adoption system The government is poised to launch a national adoption action plan which will reform the current bloated system, education secretary Michael Gove will announce today Health Minister Launches campaign to end mental health discrimination in Wales Time to Change Wales is the first national campaign to end the stigma and discrimination faced by people with mental health problems throughout Wales and launches at the Wales Millennium Centre Saving Lives - success for suicide prevention skills training New research from Public Health Wales shows that training given by Mind Cymrus Positive Choices project is making a real difference to peoples willingness to discuss and tackle suicide and self harm Quarter of children given no notice before placement move Nearly a quarter of children in care only find out their placement is changing on the day the move takes place, according to this years Childrens Care Monitor survey


International News

Obama's Alzheimer's plan focuses on treatment, care The Obama administration's plan to fight Alzheimer's disease aims to harness the nation's
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expertise to find real treatments by 2025 and improve the care and treatment of the 5.1 million Americans already afflicted with the brain-wasting disease Suicide Rates Highest In 15 Years, US Between 2008 and 2009, the suicide rate in the United States rose by 2.4%, with a reported 36,909 suicide deaths, according to a report by the CDC Mexican researchers patent heroin vaccine While Mexico grapples with relentless drug-related violence, a group of Mexican scientists is working on a vaccine that could reduce addiction to one of the world's most notorious narcotics: heroin


Local Additions
Items added by your local library



Hypertensive pregnancies linked to mental health disorder risk in offspring Individuals born to women who experienced hypertension without proteinuria during pregnancy are at increased risk for mental health disorders Stigma, Lack Of Trust Remain Barriers For Blacks With Mental Health Problems Young adult blacks, especially those with higher levels of education, are significantly less likely to seek mental health services than their white counterparts


Substance abuse, alcoholism, Neural Correlates of Stress-Induced and Cue-Induced Drug Craving: Influences of Sex and Cocaine Dependence Although stress and drug cue exposure each increase drug craving and contribute to relapse in cocaine dependence, no previous research has directly examined the neural correlates of stress-induced and drug cue-induced craving in cocaine-dependent women and men relative to comparison subjects Research Offers Insights Into Addiction - Cocaine And The Teen Brain When first exposed to cocaine, the adolescent brain launches a strong defensive reaction designed to minimize the drug's effects Teenage Drinking Influenced by Media Exposure to Alcohol Family drinking characteristics associated with age of alcohol onset, but not binge drinking Using Smartphones to Treat Drug Abuse Researchers are working to develop technology that will allow smartphones to help addicts deal with drug cravings

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety linked to increased impulsivity in mood disorder patients The presence of anxiety is associated with increased impulsivity in patients with bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder, research shows Adjunctive therapy with pregabalin in generalized anxiety disorder patients with partial response to SSRI or SNRI treatment This study evaluated the efficacy of adjunctive pregabalin versus placebo for treatment of patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) who had not optimally responded to previous or prospective monotherapies In Phobias, Fear Drives Or Alters The Perception Of The Feared Object, Allowing Fear To Persist The more afraid a person is of a spider, the bigger that individual perceives the spider to be, new research suggests The association between social phobia, social anxiety cognitions and paranoid symptoms Previous research suggests high levels of comorbidity between social phobia and paranoid symptoms, although the nature of this association remains unclear


Alzheimers Differences in Survival between Patients with Dementia with Lewy Bodies and Patients with Alzheimer's Disease - Measured from a Fixed Cognitive Level The aim of this study was to compare survival in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and patients with dementia with Lewy bodies Possible Adverse Side Effects Of Alzheimer's Drugs Alzheimer's disease drugs now being tested in clinical trials may have potentially adverse side effects, according to new Northwestern Medicine research Is Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Effective and Safe for Treatment of Depression in Dementia?: A Short Review Depression is one of the most frequently diagnosed psychiatric disorders in patients with dementia with a prevalence of up to 50% The potential of case management for people with dementia: a commentary A recent review of studies of case management in dementia argues that lack of evidence of cost-effectiveness should discourage the use of this approach to care Antipsychotics death risk charted in dementia patients Some antipsychotic medication may increase the risk of death in patients with dementia more than others, according to US research Factors Associated with Caregivers Underestimation of Quality of Life in Patients with Alzheimers Disease The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with differences between how Alzheimers disease patients and their caregivers rate the patients health-related quality of life Alzheimers Disease Is Associated with a Low Prevalence of Hypertension Dementia is one of the most common health problems in the world. Alzheimers disease is the most common form of dementia Falls and Risk Factors for Falls in Community-Dwelling Adults With Dementia (NutriAlz Trial) To estimate the number of fallers and risk factors for falls in a cohort with dementia, we did a secondary analysis of a cluster-randomized controlled trial (NutriAlz) in 11 outpatient and day care centers in Catalonia (Spain) including 626 community-dwelling patients with dementia, followed for 12 months

Bipolar disorders Sentinel events and predictors of suicide among inpatients at psychiatric hospitals The objective of this study was to assess sentinel event analysis and relative factors in different mental healthcare settings. In addition, the occurrence of sentinel events in different hospital settings was compared and potential risk factors contributing to sentinel events identified Mood state influences odor detection in bipolar disorder patients Odor-detection sensitivity is differentially associated with mania and depression in patients with bipolar disorder, results from a US study show
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Ketamine for Treatment-Resistant Unipolar Depression: Current Evidence Currently available drugs for unipolar major depressive disorder, which target monoaminergic systems, have a delayed onset of action and significant limitations in efficacy Women With Migraine Have Increased Risk of Depression Risk increased for migraine, with or without aura, and for current or past history of migraine Depressive symptoms linked to CVD risk in bipolar disorder patients Depression, but not mania, is significantly associated with an elevated 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with bipolar disorder, research shows Determinants of (non-)recognition of depression by general practitioners: Results of the Netherlands study of depression and anxiety Although most depressed patients are treated in primary care, not all are recognized as such. This study explores the determinants of (non-)recognition of depression by general practitioners (GPs), with a focus on specific depression symptoms as possible determinants Adipokine levels increased in overweight bipolar disorder patients Overweight patients with bipolar disorder exhibit higher levels of certain adipokines and inflammatory markers than overweight mentally healthy individuals Screening for adolescent depression in paediatric care: validity of a new brief version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale The study assessed the criterion validity of the 15-item version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-15) as a screening instrument in paediatric care

Dual Diagnosis

Screening for bipolar disorders in patients with alcohol or substance use disorders: Performance of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire Screening properties of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire to detect bipolar disorder in patients with substance use disorders are unknown Patients with Nonaffective Psychosis Are at Increased Risk for Heroin Use Disorders It is well-established knowledge that persons with nonaffective psychotic disorders often have problematic use of alcohol, cannabis and stimulants, but heroin use is usually not included Coincident posttraumatic stress disorder and depression predict alcohol abuse during and after deployment among Army National Guard soldiers Although alcohol problems are common in military personnel, data examining the relationship between psychiatric conditions and alcohol abuse occurring de novo peri-/post-deployment are limited


Eating Disorders

Exercise Electrocardiography Extinguishes Persistent Junctional Rhythm in a Patient with Severe Anorexia Nervosa Among psychiatric conditions, anorexia nervosa carries the highest mortality, in part due to the propensity for rhythm disturbances among patients with advanced disease Self-Forgiveness in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa This study investigated whether low levels of self-forgiveness were associated with eating disorder symptomatology Social Information-Processing and Coping in Adolescent Females Diagnosed With an Eating Disorder: Toward a Greater Understanding of Control The objective of this study was to examine differences in social information-processing and coping strategies between adolescent females in treatment for an eating disorder and asymptomatic peers

Forensic Psychiatry

Prescribing of psychotropic medication for personality disordered patients in secure forensic settings Little is known about effective interventions for personality disorders but psychological treatment is generally favoured over psychotropic medication Individual-level interventions for alcohol-related violence: A rapid evidence assessment Alcohol-related violence is of major concern to society. Around half of all violent crimes are alcohol related, and yet interventions for alcohol-related violence are under-developed. Often, offenders receive treatment for substance use or violence, but not the two in nexus Prisoners holding their own medications during imprisonment in England and Wales: A survey and qualitative exploration of staff and prisoners' views Traditionally, medication in prison has been administered in single, supervised doses. Prisons in England and Wales, however, have now been encouraged to allow prisoners to hold and manage their own medication themselves as in-possession medication, in line with community practices The use of the Wii Fit in forensic mental health: exercise for people at risk of obesity Side effects of psychotropic medication often lead to rapid weight gain, having detrimental effects on forensic mental health patients' health, wellbeing, occupational performance and quality of life

Learning Disabilities

In Infants Who Develop Autism, Brain-Imaging Differences Evident At 6 Months A new study found significant differences in brain development starting at age 6 months in highrisk infants who later develop autism, compared to high-risk infants who did not develop autism
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Link Between Common Flame Retardant And Social, Behavioral And Learning Deficits Mice genetically engineered to be susceptible to autism-like behaviors that were exposed to a common flame retardant were less fertile and their offspring were smaller, less sociable and demonstrated marked deficits in learning and long-term memory when compared with the offspring of normal unexposed mice Autism Brain Scan Signs Found At 6 Months Of Age According to a study, researchers have discovered considerable differences in brain development at age six months in high-risk infants who develop autism, than high-risk infants who do not develop the condition Augmented Play Helps Children With Autism Making play sets more interactive and giving children with autism greater opportunities to control and add content of their own to the game could improve cooperative play with other children as well as giving them greater confidence in understanding how objects interact Why Children With Down Syndrome Have Increased Leukemia Risk Children with Down syndrome have an increased risk of developing leukemia, in particular acute megakaryoblastic leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia Alternative To Amniocentesis And CVS: Noninvasive Method Accurately And Efficiently Detects Risk Of Down Syndrome Using a noninvasive test on maternal blood that deploys a novel biochemical assay and a new algorithm for analysis, scientists can detect, with a high degree of accuracy, the risk that a fetus has the chromosomal abnormalities that cause Down syndrome and a genetic disorder known as Edwards syndrome Autism Detection Is Delayed in Minorities A new study suggests the symptoms of autism in toddlers from a minority background are more significant than those noted in age-equivalent Caucasian children

Nursing Research

Key components of de-escalation techniques: A thematic synthesis De-escalation techniques are a highly recommended set of therapeutic interventions that are frequently used to prevent violence and aggression within mental health services Self-harm and attempted suicide within inpatient psychiatric services: A review of the Literature Self harm is a major public health concern, yet there are considerable challenges in providing support for those who self harm within psychiatric inpatient services Irish psychiatric nurses' self-reported barriers, facilitators and skills for developing evidence-based practice Evidence-based practice places an emphasis on integration of clinical expertise with available best evidence, patient's clinical information and preferences, and with local health resources


Obsessive Compulsive Disorders

Neuroimaging contributions to novel surgical treatments for intractable obsessivecompulsive disorder Research in predictor studies has largely been limited to disorders such as obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD), as it has a fairly well-established pathophysiology in the literature, and patients with OCD are more likely to receive neurotherapeutic treatment Family accommodation in obsessive-compulsive disorder Family accommodation refers to ways in which family members take part in the performance of rituals, avoidance of anxiety-provoking situations or modification of daily routines to assist a relative with obsessive-compulsive disorder A cytokine study of adult patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder We aimed to determine the plasma levels of cytokines in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) as compared with healthy controls and to investigate whether there is any association between their concentrations and OCD clinical and therapeutic features Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in children and adolescents: parental understanding, accommodation, coping and distress Parental accommodation of pediatric OCD is common and is associated with negative affect in parents Computer-assisted assessment of obsessive-compulsive disorder in young people: a preliminary evaluation of the Development and Well-Being Assessment Paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder often goes undetected, delaying access to evidencebased treatment

Occupational Therapy

Sensory processing and ADHD in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Sensory processing problems are prevalent in children who have fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. It is unclear to what degree these problems are distinct from attention deficits as measured during the diagnostic process in these children Relationships between physical activity, symptoms and quality of life among inpatients with severe mental illness Interest in researching physical activity in relation to mental health is growing. This exploratory study investigated the relationships between self-reported physical activity, depression, anxiety and quality of life in patients with severe mental illness The impact of exercise on the mental health and quality of life of people with severe mental illness: a critical review Physical exercise has been proven to benefit the general population in terms of mental health and wellbeing. However, there is little research investigating the impact of exercise on mental health and quality of life for people who experience a severe and enduring mental illness The use of the Wii Fit in forensic mental health: exercise for people at risk of obesity
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Side effects of psychotropic medication often lead to rapid weight gain, having detrimental effects on forensic mental health patients' health, wellbeing, occupational performance and quality of life

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Differential Roles of Thought Suppression and Dispositional Mindfulness in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Craving Exposure to traumatic events often results in severe distress which may elicit self-medication behaviors Traumatic Brain Injury And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - A New Link Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder are cardinal injuries associated with combat stress, and TBI increases the risk of PTSD development Pharmacotherapy regimens among patients with posttraumatic stress disorder and mild traumatic brain injury The purpose of this study was to determine if veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and mild traumatic brain injury are treated differently pharmacologically than patients with PTSD alone


Cosmetic surgery not suitable for BDD patients Patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) may not be suitable for cosmetic surgery treatment, say researchers Over-Reactive Parenting Linked to Negative Emotions and Problem Behavior in Toddlers Researchers have found that parents who anger easily and over-react are more likely to have toddlers who act out and become upset easily The role of repeated interviewing in children's responses to cross-examination-style questioning The negative effect of cross-examination-style questioning on children's accuracy is likely to be due to the complex and credibility-challenging questions that characterize the interview Determinants of Long-term Response to Group Therapy for Dysfunctional Fear of Progression in Chronic Diseases Prior work demonstrated that cognitivebehavioral and supportiveexperiential group interventions can reduce dysfunctional fear of progression in patients with chronic diseases Psychological treatment outcomes in routine NHS services: What do we mean by treatment effectiveness? The question of how effective therapies are in routine practice is crucial. The answer depends on how we define effectiveness




Structural correlates of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia: A meta-analysis Despite being one of the most common symptoms of schizophrenia, determining the neural correlates of auditory hallucinations still remains elusive with various studies providing inconsistent results A meta-analysis of emotion perception and functional outcomes in schizophrenia Emotion perception (EP) is impaired in schizophrenia, is stable across clinical state, resistant to antipsychotic treatment and linked to symptom severity Childhood trauma linked to reduced cognition, amygdala volume in FEP A history of childhood trauma is associated with reduced cognitive performance and amygdala volume in patients with first-episode psychosis Bone mass reduced in older schizophrenia patients Results from a Japanese study show that older patients with schizophrenia have significantly reduced bone mass compared with the older general population Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population Patients with schizophrenia represent a vulnerable population with high medical needs that are often missed or undertreated Decreased GSH levels predict brain volume loss in children with psychosis Results from a Spanish study suggest that decreased glutathione levels predict brain volume reductions over 2 years in children and adolescents with first-episode psychosis

Social Work

Using Community Outreach and Evidenced-Based Treatment to Address Domestic Violence Issues Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is one evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress that has shown great promise Constructing Healing Dialogues in Group Treatment for Men Who Have Used Violence Against Their Intimate Partners Although various talking cure treatments typically constitute an important part of practices in social work and mental health services, there are few studies on the actual talk-within-thecure.


Books, Conferences, Websites & Journal Tocs



Books and reports hot of the press Click the title to connect to the website entry Death by indifference: 74 deaths and counting Mencap Competency-based Social Work Practice: An Integrated Approach to Decision Making Communication Skills in Mental Health Care: An Introduction Investigating The Traumatogenic Hypothesis of Borderline Functioning: A Research Report Forensic Psychiatry Social Work With Older People: Approaches to Person-centred Practice Perinatal Mental Health: A Clinical Guide Social Determinants & Mental Health Eating Disorders


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