INDUSTRIAL  REVOLUTION    

What  is  INDUSTRIAL  REVOLUTION   Ø  Begins  mid  18th  century  in  Bri>an,then  New   England  and  the  Nothereastern  U.S   Ø  Development  of  new  produc>on   methods,  source  of  power   (steam  ,coal)   Ø  ShiK  in  produc>on  of  goods  from   small-­‐scaleprivate,and  ar>sanal   A Watt steam engine in Madrid. The development of the steam engine to  mechanized  and  mass   propelled the Industrial Revolution produc>on.   in Britain. The steam engine was to pump water from Ø  Development  of  factories  and  mills.  createdenabling them to be coal mines,
Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  
deepened beyond groundwater levels.

Ø  Lands  converted  from  farming  to  sheep   raising,  leaving  farm  workers  without  jobs   Ø This  >me  period  saw  the  mechaniza>on  of   agriculture  and  tex>le  manufacturing  and  a   revolu>on  in  power  and  had  a  massive  effect  on   social,  cultural  and  economic  condi>ons.   Ø  The  Industrial  Revolu>on  was  a  fundamental   change  in  the  way  goods  were  produced,   from  human  labor  to  machines   Ø  The  more  efficient  means  of  produc>on  and   subsequent  higher  levels  of  produc>on  triggered   far-­‐reaching  changes  to  industrialized  socie>es  
Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  

REASON  
Ø  To  make  work  easy.   Ø  Produce  in  bulk.   Ø  save  >me.   Ø  Economic  Development   Propelled  by  Popula>ongroth.   Ø  Popula>on  Growth.   Ø  Earlier  marriages  and  more  children    

Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  

RESULT  
Ø  Machines were invented which replaced human labor. Ø  New energy sources were developed to power the new machinery – water, steam, electricity, oil .   Ø  Increased use of metals and minerals Aluminum, coal, copper, iron, etc. Ø  Transportation improved, Communication improved. Telegraph Telephone Radio
Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  

Ø Mass  produc>on  of  goods   —  Increased  numbers  of  goods   —  Increased  diversity  of  goods  produced.   Ø Development  of  capitalism   —  Financial  capital  for  con>nued  industrial   growth   Ø  Development  and  growth  of  new  socio-­‐ economic  classes   —  Working  class,  bourgeoisie,  and  wealthy   industrial  class   Ø  Commitment  to  research  and  development   —  Investments  in  new  technologies   —  Industrial  and  governmental  interest  in   promo>ng  inven>on,  the  sciences,  and   overall  industrial  growth.  

Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  

Ø cut  down  on  manpower's.     Ø Rise  of  the  midddle  class.     Ø  Romen>sism.   Ø  Rise  of  art  and  craK  movement   End  of  freedelisam.     Ø  Intricate  work  was  gone   Capitalism  

Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  

ART  &  CRAFT  MOVEMNT  
Introduc8on  
1880  to  1910  

the  industrial  revolu>on.   Ø  It  was  led  by  the  ar>st  and  writer  William  Morris  and   was  inspired  by  the  wri>ngs  of  John  Ruskin.  
 

Ø Started  in  England  in  the  late  nineteenth  century.     Ø  The  idea  of  the  Arts  and  CraKs  Movement  represented  a     reac>on  against  the  moral  and  material  consequences  of  

Ø  It  was  a  reformist  movement  that  influenced  Bri>sh  and   American  architecture,  decora>ve  arts,  cabinet  making,   craKs,  and  even  the  "co^age”.  

Ø  The  peak  point  for  the  movement  was  between   approximately  1880  and  1910.  

Ø  The  movement  encompassed  not  just  furniture  but  also   architecture,  ceramics,  metal  work,  wallpaper  and  stain   glass.  Brown,  green,  black,  yellow  tones  were  prevalent   across  all  fields;  as  was  an  emphasis  on  quality   workmanship.     Ø  In  this  period,  manufactured  goods   were  oKen  poor  in  design  and  quality.  

Armchair   Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  

Chandelier  

Ø This  was  the  movement,  which   challenged  the  tastes  of  the  Victorian   era.   Ø  They  used  natural  material    and   handmade  goods.   Ø  This  was  a  vision  of  a  society  in  which   the  worker  was  not  treat  roughly  by   the  working  condi>ons  found  in   factories,  but  rather  could  take  pride   in  his  craKsmanship  and  skill.   Ø  The  rise  of  a  consumer  class  coincided   with  the  rise  of  manufactured   consumer  goods.   Ø  It  was  end  at  early  20th  century.  

Reason  
Ø  To  show  there  intricate  work,  which  was  not  done   by  machines.     Ø To  promote  a  return  to  hand-­‐craKsmanship  and   to  declare  the  crea>ve  independence  of   individual  craKspeople.   Ø  It  was  a  reac>on  against  the  industrialized   society  that  had  boomed  in  Britain  in  the   Victorian  period,  and  aimed  for  social  as   well  as  ar>s>c  reform.   Ø  People  felt    that  mass  produc>on  was   killing  the  apprecia>on  of  hand-­‐craKed   ar>sanship.  
Created  by  Utsav  Anurag  

Ø  To  promote  all  aspects  of  interior  decora>on  as   equal  to  architecture  in  the  crea>on  of  the  "house   beau>ful”.   Ø  To  elevate  the  status  of  labor  and  craK  at  the   expense  of  the  entrepreneur  or  "great  man   Ø CraKsman  got  there  iden>ty   back.   Ø  To  advocate  women's  abili>es  as   leaders,  reformers,  and   professionals.   Ø To  ameliorate  urban  ills  and   social  aliena>on  through  support   for  rural  industries  and   communitarian  ventures  

Works  from  art  and  craK  movement  

Library  table   ARTIST  Gustav  S>ckley  

Brooch,  necklace,  and  hair  comb   ARTIST   Florence  Koehler  

ARTIST  Frank  Lloyd  Wright  

ARTIST  William  Morris  

ARTIST  William  Morris