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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

CHAPTER 20
# 1) DEFINITIONS

CELLULAR TELEPHONE SYSTEM


TERMS CTS

Stands for Standard Cellular Telephone Service

2)

An acronym for Personal Communications System.

PCS

3)

Stands for Personal Communications Satellite System.

PCSS

4)

An acronym for Advanced Mobile Telephone System.

AMPS

5)

Proposed the cellular telephone concept in 1971.

Bell Telephone Laboratories

6)

A standard cellular telephone service (CTS) initially placed into operation on Oct. 13, 1983.

AMPS

7)

It was used by AMPS cellular telephones with a usable audio-frequency band from 300 Hz to 3 KHz and a maximum frequency deviation of + 12 KHz for 100% modulation.

Narrowband Frequency Modulation (NBFM)

8)

Correspond to an approximate bandwidth of 30 KHz.

Carsons Rule

9)

A transmission with simultaneous transmission in both direction.

Full Duplex (FDX) or Duplexing

10)

It is used in AMPS and occurs when two distinct frequency bands are provided to each user.

Frequency-division Duplexing
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Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

11)

A special device used in each mobile unit to allow simultaneous transmission and reception on duplex channels.

Duplexer

12)

Transmissions from base station to mobile units.

Forward Links

13)

Transmissions from mobile units to base stations.

Reverse Links

14)

Another name for forward links.

Down Links

15)

Another term for reverse link.

Uplink

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Additional frequencies of 10 MHz to the original40 MHz band which increased the number of simplex channels by 166 for a total of 832 (416 Full duplex)

Expanded Spectrum

17)

Specified frequencies in a small geographic area.

Cellular Geographic Serving Areas (CGSA)

18)

Defines geographic areas used by marketing agencies.

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area

19)

A technique used by standard telephone subscriber to access the AMPS system.

Frequency Division Multiple Access

20)

A 34 bit binary code which in the U.S. represents the standard 10-digit telephone number.

Mobile Identification Number (MIN)

21)

A 34 bit binary code permanently assigned to each mobile unit.

Electronic Serial Number (ESN) VIN


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22)

Stands for Vehicle Identification Number.

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

23)

An acronym for Network Interface Card. A four bit code which indicates whether the terminal has access to all 832 AMPS channel or only 666.

NIC

24)

Station Class Mark (SCM)

25)

A 15 bit binary code used by FCC to an operating company when it issues it a license To provide AMPS

System Identifier (SID)

26)

It is one of the three analog frequencies (5970 Hz, 6000 Hz, or 6030 Hz) that helps mo bile system distinguish one base station from a neighboring base station.

Supervisory Audio Tone (SAT)

27)

One of four binary codes, also helps mobile system distinguish one base station from a neighboring base station.

Digital Color Code (DCC)

28)

One set of channels dedicated for exchanging control information between mobile units and base stations.

Control Channels

29)

Also termed as Voice channel, used for propagating actual voice conversations or subscriber data.

User Channel

30)

Another name of control channels.

Setup or Paging Channel

31)

Sometimes called as Camped.

Locked

32) 33)

A sequence of alternating 1s and 0s.

Dotting Scheme Synchronization Word


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A unique sequence of 1s and 0s that enables the

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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

receiver to instantly acquire synchronization.

34)

It controls or command mobile units to do a particular task when the mobile unit has not been assigned a voice channel.

Mobile Station Control Messages

35)

It is used to indicate the current status of the reversecontrol channel. It contains the following: System parameter overhead messages global action overhead messages control filter messages

Busy-idle Bits

36)

Typical mobile-unit control messages: Initial voice channel designation messages directed retry messages alert messages change power messages Transmitted at a 10-kbps rate. Control data includes: page responses access request registration requests

Overhead Message

37)

Control Data

38)

Transmission of voice.

Blank

39)

Data transmission.

Burst

The entity of SS7 interoffice protocol that distinguishes the physical components of the switching network. 40) Switching Network: Signal Service Point Signal Control Point Signal Transfer Point
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Intelligent Network

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Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

41)

A family of mobile or portable radio comuni cations services which provides servIces to the individuals and business and is integra ted with a variety of competing networks. Differences in PCS and cellular telephone system: Smaller Size all digital additional features

Personal Communications System (PCS)

42)

Acronym for Personal Communications Network.

PCN

43)

It is assigned to everyone which is stored the on the SS7 network.

Personal Telephone Number

44)

It determines where and how the call should be directed.

Artificial Intelligence Network (AIN)

45)

A database that stores information about the user,including home subscription information and what supplementary services the user is subscribed to.

Home Location Register (HLR)

46)

A database that stores information pertaining to theidentification and type of equipment that exists in the mobile unit.

Equipment Identification Registry (EIR)

47)

It allows all calls to pass through the network to the subscriber except for a minimal number of telephone numbers that can be blocked.

Available Mode

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Screen Mode
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Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

The PCS equivalent of caller ID.

49)

All calls except those specified by the sub scriber are automatically forwarded to a for warding destination without ringing the subscribers handset.

Private Mode

50)

No calls are allowed to pass through to the subscriber.

Unavailable Mode

51)

PCS operating in the 1900 MHz range.

PCS 1900

52)

Interference avoidance scheme which uses voice companding to provide synthetic voice channel quieting.

Interference (MRI)

53)

A narrowband AMPS system that increased the capacity of the AMPS system in large cellular market.

N-AMPS

54)

It is developed with the intent of supporting a higher user density within a fixed bandwidth frequency spectrum.

United States Digital Cellular

55)

Cellular telephone systems that use digital modulation.

Digital cellular

56)

Allows one mobile unit to use a channel at the same time by further dividing transmissions within each cellular channel.

Time-division Multiple Accessing (TDMA)

57)

A database that stores information about subscriber in a particular MTSOserving

Visitor Location Register (VLR)


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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

area, such as whether the unit is on or off

58)

Technique used that allows more mobile-unit subscribers to use a system at virtually the Same time within a given geographical area. It stands for Electronics Industries Association and Telecommunications Industry Association.

Time-Sharing Channels

59)

EIA/TIA

60)

It specifies that a mobile station complying with the IS-54 standard must be capable of operating in either the analog AMPS or the digital (USDC) mode for voice transmissions.

Dual Mode

61)

It is often called North American Time Division Multiple Accessing.

IS-136.2

62)

It was introduced to provide PSK rather than FSK on dedicated USDC control channels to in crease the control data rates and provide additional specialized services such as paging and short messaging between private mobile user groups.

IS-54 Rev.C

63)

Allows for brief paging-type messages and Short e-mail messages that can be read on the mobile phones display and entered using the keypad.

Short Message Service

64)

It was developed to provide a host of new features and services, positioning itself in a competitive within the newer PCS systems.

IS-136

65)

It is used by mobile units to request access to the cellular telephone system. It is a unidirectional channel specified for transmissions from mobile-base units only.

Random Access Channel (RACH)

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66)

It is used to transmit information from base stations to specific mobile stations.

SMS point-to-point Paging and access response Channel (SPACH)

It is dedicated to delivering pages and orders. It transmit : 67) paging messages message-waiting messages user alerting messages call history count updates shared secret data updates Paging Channel (PCH)

68)

A logical subchannel of SPACH used to carry assignments to another resource or other responses to the mobile stations access attempt.

Access Response Channel (ARCH)

69)

It is used to deliver short point-to-point messages to a specific mobile station. It refers to : F-BCCH, E-BCCH and S-BCCH logical sub channels. Broadcasts digital control channel structure parameters.

SMS Channel (SMSCH)

70)

Channel (BCCH)

71)

Fast Broadcasts Control channel (F-BBCH)

72)

Carries less critical broadcast information than FBCCH intended for mobile units.

Extended Broadcasts Control Channel (E-BBCH)

73)

Individual mobile units. A logical channels used for sending short messages.

SMS Broadcasts Control channel (F-BBCH)

74)

Stands for Digital speech interpolation.

DSI
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BOOK REVIEW IN COMMUNICATIONS

Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

75)

Carries digital voice information and consists of RDTC and FDTC.

Digital Traffic Channel (DTC)

76)

It consists of an eight bit digital voice color code number between 1 and 255 appended with four

Coded Digital Verification Color Code

77)

Mobile-assisted handoff.

MAHO

78)

A blank-and burst type of transmission that replaces digitized speech information with control and super vision messages with in a subscribers time slot.

Fast Associated Control Channel (FACCH)

79)

A special speech coder.

Vector sum exciter linear predictive (VSLP)

80)

A special microprocessor that is implemented on the telephone handset.

Digital Signal Processor (DSP)

81)

They are transmitted when a mobile unit begins operating in a larger diameter cell.

Shortened Burst

82)

An access method used with standard analog AMPS which use frequency channelization approach to frequency spectrum management.

FDMA

83)

It allows users to differentiate from one another by a unique code rather than a frequency or time assignment.

Code Division Multiple Accessing (CDMA)


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Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

84)

Stands for Qualcom 9600bps Code-Excited Linear Predictive coder.

QCELP

85)

The concept is to break the message into fixed sized blocks of data with each block transmitted in sequence except on a different carrier.

Frequency Hopping

86)

high bit pseudorandom code is added to a lowbit rate information signal to generate a high bit rate pseudorandom signal closely resembling noise that contains both the original data signal and the pseudo random code must be known.

Direct-Sequence

87)

It is a study group which is sometimes referred to as Pan-European cellular system. This is now known as the Global System for Mobile Communications. Classification of GSM telephone services: Bearer Services teleservices supplementary services Three primary subsystem of GSM: Base Station Subsystem Network Switching Subsystem Operational Support Subsystem

Groupe Special Mobile (GSM)

88)

All-digital data Network.

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)

89)

Sometimes known as radio subsystem, provides and manages radio frequency transmission paths between mobile units and the mobile switching center (MSC) It manages switching functions for the system and allows MSCs to communicate with other telephone networks.

Base Station SUbsystem (BSS)

90)

Network Switching Subsystem (NSS)


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Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

91)

The available forward and reverse frequency bands are subdivided into 200 KHz wide voice channels.

Absolute Radio-Frequency Channel Numbers (ARFCN)

92)

It provides the vehicle for a new generation of wireless telephone services called Personal Communications Satellite System (PCSS)

Mobile Satellite Systems (MSS)

93)

It uses low earth-orbit (LEO) and medium earth orbit and MEO thar communicates diretly with small, low-powered mobile telephone units. key providers in PCSS market: American Mobile Satellite Communications (AMSC) Celsat Personal Communications Comsat Satellite System (PCSS) Constellation Communications (ARIES) Ellipsat (Ellipso) INMARSAT LEOSAT Loral/qualcomm (global star) TMI communications TWR (Odysse) Iridium LLC

94)

An international consortium owned by a host of prominent companies, agencies and governments.

Iridium LC

95)

The largest commercial venture undertaken in the history of the world. A satellite based wireless personal communications network designed to permit a wide range of mobile telephone services, including voice, data, networking,facsimile and paging. FCC issued a report and order Dockett # 92-166

Iridium Project

96)

Iridium

97)

October 14, 1994


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Electronic Communications System By Wayne Tomasi

defining L band frequency sharing for subscriber units in the 1616 MHZ to 1626.5 MHz band.

98)

L-band subscriber-to-satellite voice links.

1.616 GHz to 1.6265 GHz

99) 100) 101)

Ka-band gateway downlinks. Ka-band gateway uplinks Ka-intersatellite cross-links

19.4 GHz to 19.6 GHz 29.1 GHz to 29.3 GHz 23.18 GHz to 23.38 GHz

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