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INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTING Roll no: _____

Practical NO: 04 OBJECTIVE: To Understand Various Shortcut Keys. THEORY:


SHORTCUT KEYS Shortcut keys provide an easier and usually quicker method of using computer software programs. Shortcut keys are commonly accessed by using the Alt, Ctrl, and/or Shift in conjunction with a single letter (on IBM compatible computers). The de facto standard for listing a shortcut is: the modifier key (Alt, Ctrl, Shift) plus The single character. Or in other words, "ALT+S" is telling you to press the Alt key and while continuing to hold the Alt key, press the S key to perform the shortcut. BASIC SHORTCUT KEYS The below basic shortcut keys are a listing of shortcut keys that will work with almost all IBM compatible computers and software programs. Shortcut Keys Alt + F Alt + E F1 Ctrl + A Ctrl + X Shift + Del Ctrl + C Ctrl + Ins Ctrl + V Shift + Ins Home Ctrl + Home End Ctrl + End Description File menu options in current program. Edit options in current program Universal Help in almost every Windows program. Select all text. Cut selected item. Cut selected item. Copy selected item. Copy selected item Paste Paste Goes to beginning of current line. Goes to beginning of document. Goes to end of current line. Goes to end of document.

Shift + Home Shift + End Ctrl + Left arrow Ctrl + Right arrow

Highlights from current position to beginning of line. Highlights from current position to end of line. Moves one word to the left at a time. Moves one word to the right at a time.

MICROSOFT WINDOWS SHORTCUT KEYS Shortcut Keys Description Alt + Tab Switch between open applications. Alt + Space bar Displays the main window's system menu. This is the same as clicking on the application icon at the left end of the title bar. Alt + Print Create a screen shot only for the program you are currently in. Screen Ctrl + Alt + Del Reboot the computer and/or bring up the Windows task manager. Ctrl + Esc Bring Up start menu. Alt + Esc Switch Between open applications on taskbar. F2 Renames selected Icon. F3 Starts find from desktop. F4 Opens the drive selection when browsing. F5 Refresh Contents. Alt + F4 Closes Current open program. Ctrl + F4 Closes Window in a Program without closing the program. Shift + Del Delete programs/files without throwing into the recycle bin. Holding Shift Boot safe mode or by pass system files. Holding Shift When putting in an audio CD, will prevent CD Player from playing.

WINDOWS KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS Below is a listing of Windows keys that can be used on computers running a Microsoft Windows operating system and using a keyboard with a Windows key. In the below list of shortcuts, the Windows key is represented by "WINKEY" word.

Shortcut Keys WINKEY + D WINKEY + M Minimizes all windows.

Description Brings the desktop to the top of all other windows.

WINKEY + SHIFT + M WINKEY + E WINKEY + Tab WINKEY + F WINKEY + CTRL + F WINKEY + F1 WINKEY + R

Undo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + D. Open Microsoft Explorer. Cycle through open programs through the taskbar. Display the Windows Search / Find feature. Display the search for computers window. Display the Microsoft Windows help. Open the run window.

WINKEY + Pause / Break key Open the system properties window. WINKEY + U WINKEY + L Open Utility Manager. Lock the computer (Windows XP and above only).

WORD SHORTCUT KEYS Shortcut Keys Ctrl + A Ctrl + B Ctrl + C Ctrl + X Ctrl + P Ctrl + F Ctrl + I Ctrl + K Ctrl + U Ctrl + V Ctrl + Y Ctrl + Z Ctrl + L Ctrl + E Ctrl + R Ctrl + M Ctrl + Shift + F Ctrl + Shift + > Ctrl + ] Ctrl + Shift + < Description Select all contents of the page. Bold highlighted selection. Copy selected text. Cut selected text. Open the print window. Open find box. Italic highlighted selection. Insert link. Underline highlighted selection. Paste. Redo the last action performed. Undo last action. Aligns the line or selected text to the left of the screen. Aligns the line or selected text to the center of the screen. Aligns the line or selected text to the right of the screen. Indent the paragraph. Change the font. Increase selected font +1pts up to 12pt and then increases font +2pts. Increase selected font +1pts. Decrease selected font -1pts if 12pt or lower, if above 12 decreases font by +2pt.

Ctrl + [ Ctrl + <left arrow> Ctrl + <right arrow> Ctrl + <up arrow> Ctrl + <down arrow> Ctrl + Del Ctrl + Backspace Ctrl + End Ctrl + Home Ctrl + Spacebar Ctrl + 1 Ctrl + 2 Ctrl + 5 Ctrl + Alt + 1 Ctrl + Alt + 2 Ctrl + Alt + 3 F1 Shift + F3 Shift + Insert F4 F5 F7 Shift + F7 F12 Shift + F12 Alt + Shift + D Alt + Shift + T

Decrease selected font -1pts. Moves one word to the left. Moves one word to the right. Moves to the beginning of the line or paragraph. Moves to the end of the paragraph. Deletes word to right of cursor. Deletes word to left of cursor. Moves the cursor to the end of the document. Moves the cursor to the beginning of the document. Reset highlighted text to the default font. Single-space lines. Double-space lines. 1.5-line spacing. Changes text to heading 1. Changes text to heading 2. Changes text to heading 3. Open Help. Change the case of the selected text. Paste. Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+) Open goto window. Spell check selected text and/or document. Activate the thesaurus. Save as. Save. Insert the current date. Insert the current time.

MOUSE SHORTCUTS IN MS-WORD Mouse Shortcuts Description Click, hold, and Selects text from where you click and hold to the point you drag drag and let go. Double-click If double-click a word, selects the complete word. Double-clicking on the left, center, or right of a blank line will Double-click make the alignment of the text left, center, or right aligned. Double-click Double-clicking anywhere after text on a line will set a tab stop. Triple-click Selects the line or paragraph of the text the mouse triple-clicked. Ctrl + Mouse wheel Zooms in and out of document.

INTERNET EXPLORER SHORTCUT KEYS Shortcut Keys Alt + Left Arrow Alt + Right Arrow F5 F11 Esc Ctrl + Enter Description Back a Page Forward a Page Refresh current page / frame. Display the current website in full screen mode. Pressing F11 again will exit this mode. Stop page or download from loading. Quickly complete an address. For example, type yahoo in the address bar and press CTRL + ENTER to get http://www.yahoo.com. Open New browser window. Print current page / frame. Moves down a page at a time. Moves up a page at a time.

Ctrl + N Ctrl + P Spacebar Shift + Spacebar

REVIEW QUESTIONS:
(1) What is significance of using shortcut keys? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ (2) What is de facto standard for listing shortcut keys? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ (3) What will happen when you press HOME, Ctrl + HOME and Shift + HOME in word processing task? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ (4) Which Shortcut key is used in Internet Explorer to complete a web address?

___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ (5) What is purpose of following shortcut keys in MS-Word? Ctrl + I Ctrl + U Ctrl + V Ctrl + X Ctrl + P Ctrl + Y Ctrl + Z Ctrl + A Ctrl + B Ctrl + C Ctrl + [ Ctrl + ] Click, hold & drag Double-Click in front of text Double-Click on blank line Triple Click

(6) Write down the description of following MICROSOFT WINDOWS shortcut keys? Alt + Tab Alt + Space bar Alt + Print Screen Ctrl + Alt + Del Ctrl + Esc Alt + Esc F2 F3 F4 F5 Alt + F4 Ctrl + F4 Shift + Del

FINAL CHECK LIST:


Submit your answers to questions before the conduct of next practical