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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Shadow (disambiguation).
Shadow cast by an old street lamp at sunset
Shadow of a cactus on a wall
A shadow is an area where direct light from a light source cannot reach due to obstruction by an object. It occupies all of the space behind anopaque object with light in front of it. The cross
when θ = 0° and cot(θ) is infinite. cot(θ)=0. in the right conditions. If the sun passes directly overhead. Near sunrise and sunset. the moon and. the planet Venus. then θ = 90°. An astronomical object casts human-visible shadows when its apparent magnitude is equal or lower than −4. Currently the only astronomical objects able to produce visible shadows on Earth are the sun. shadows can be extremely long. the lengths of shadows change.section of a shadow is a two-dimensional silhouette. and shadows are cast directly underneath objects. when the sun is at certain heights. The length of a shadow cast on the ground is proportional to the cotangent of the sun's elevation angle—its angle θ relative to the horizon. Non-point . The sun causes many objects to have shadows and at certain times of the day. Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • • 1 Variation with time 2 Non-point 3 Shadow propagation speed 4 In photography 5 Fog shadows 6 Other notes 7 Mythological connotations 8 Heraldry 9 In popular culture 10 See also 11 References 12 External links Variation with time Shadow length changes dramatically throughout the day. or reverse projection of the object blocking the light.
penumbra and antumbra For a non-point source of light. Shadow propagation speed Steam phase eruption of Castle Geyser in Yellowstone National Parkcast a shadow on its own steam. the more blurred the shadow. with overlapping parts darker.Crepuscular rays are also seen. This is known as the Shadow Blister Effect. or a pole in the ground. these converge at the point of touch. If there are multiple light sources there are multiple shadows. If two penumbras overlap. or a combination of colors.Umbra. For a person or object touching the surface. The wider the light source. the shadow is divided into the umbra and penumbra. like a person standing on the ground. the shadows appear to attract and merge. .
Also. the larger the silhouette (they are considered proportional). This. such .Shadow cast by vapour trail of passing aircraft Fog shadow of the South Tower of the Golden Gate Bridge Clouds and shadows over theMediterranean Reversed text in shadow The farther the distance from the object blocking the light to the surface of projection. the shadow cast by the object will project an image with dimensions (length) expanding proportionally faster than the object's own rate of movement. does not mean the shadow may move faster than light. however. The increase of size and movement is also true if the distance between the object of interference and the light source are closer. even when projected at vast distances. if the object is moving.
 In photography In photography. these shadow lanes are similar to crepuscular rays. Fog shadows Fog shadows look odd since humans are not used to seeing shadows in three dimensions. but here. will move towards the surface of projection at light speed. a shadow that projects over a surface of large distances (light years) cannot give information between those distances with the shadow's edge. In a sense. which projects the shadow. they are caused by the shadows of solid objects. The loss of light. at the speed of light). which are caused by cloud shadows. Photographic exposure must be adjusted (unless special effects are wanted) to allow the film or sensor. "highlights" and "shadows" are the brightest and darkest parts of a scene or image. shade.as light years. The misconception is that the edge of a shadow "moves" along a wall. As a result. The thin fog is just dense enough to be illuminated by the light that passes through the gaps in a structure or in a tree. which is essentially recording patterns of light. and in the shadows without their becoming undifferentiated black areas. which has limiteddynamic range. Other notes . when in actuality the increase of a shadow's length is part of a new projection. the path of an object shadow through the "fog" appears darkened. Fog Shadow of Sutro Tower Since there is no actual communication between points in a shadow (except for reflection or interference of light. to record detail in the highlights without them being washed out. which will propagate at the speed of light from the object of interference. and colour.
Early eastern beliefs also play to this theory. is beyond a mountain range. Shadows can be colored by a colored transperent source of the shadow. while these also show more of the shape of these buildings. it is calledumbra-ted. See also . a rain shadow is a dry area. For example. when a charge is supposedly shown in shadow (the appearance is of the charge merely being outlined in a neutral tint rather than being of one or more tinctures different from the field on which it is placed). tall buildings can be recognized as such by their long shadows (if the photographs are not taken in the tropics around noon). A shadow shows. which. Shadow as a term is often used for any occlusion. the same image as the silhouette when looking at the object from the sun-side. apart from distortion. An acoustic shadow can be created by terrain as well that will leave spots that can't easily hear sounds from a distance. with respect to the prevailing wind direction. or sciaphobia. It is also believed as an alternative construct that shadows are in fact a representation of God's presence around an object. a shadow cast by the Moon on the Earth is a solar eclipse. the range is "blocking" water from crossing the area. In popular culture Speculative fiction occasionally features entities somehow made of shadow. (shadows aren't colored) Heraldry In heraldry. On satellite imagery and aerial photographs. taken vertically. Sciophobia. like a halo. Conversely. Mythological connotations Main article: Ghost An unattended shadow or shade was thought by some cultures to be similar to that of a ghost.A shadow cast by the Earth on the Moon is a lunar eclipse. not just those with respect to light. is the fear of shadows. Supposedly only a limited number of specific charges can be so depicted. hence the mirror image of the silhouette seen from the other side (see picture). Such beings are almost invariably evil.
2. in computer 3D graphics Shadow people Shadow play 1. External ^ NASA Science Question of the Week. for more physical and mathematical discussion about shadows References Gnomon Shade Shadow Cabinet Shadow mapping. 2006 ^ Is Faster-Than-Light Travel or Communication Possible? by Philip Gibbs links Seeing Shadows . April 7.Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Shadow Black drop effect Convolution applications.slideshow by Life magazine View page ratings Rate this page What's this? Trustworthy Objective Complete Well-written I am highly knowledgeable about this topic (optional) Submit ratings Categories: • Optical phenomena • Shading .
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