Abstract

The project report titled ³Survey on Mumbai´. This research is done in order to study ³How much one Person knows about Mumbai.´ Mumbai being a Metropolitan city , there are many people who are residing in Mumbai. Every people desire to reside in Mumbai. But do they know anything about Mumbai, its history, its culture and its style of living. This is what let us to make this research.

Mumbai (Bombay) Introduction

The city Mumbai, know as Bombay until 1995, is a great port city, situated on the west coast of the Indian peninsula. It is one of India's dominant urban centers and, indeed, is one of the largest and most densely populated cities in the world. Deriving its name from Mumba Devi, a goddess of the local Koli fishing peoples, Mumbai grew up around a fort established by the British in the mid-seventeenth century to protect their trading interests along India's western coast. The city's superb natural harbor provided a focal point for sea routes crossing the Arabian Sea, and Mumbai soon became the main western gateway to Britain's expanding Indian empire. The city emerged as a center of manufacturing and industry during the eighteenth century. Today, Mumbai is India's commercial and financial capital, as well as the capital city of Maharashtra State.

OBJECTIVES  To determine as to how much are the people living in Mumbai aware of Mumbai. about its culture and other aspects  To classify population in two categories Mumbaikars & Migrators.  Methods used on the data : ‚ Sample mean ‚ Testing of hypothesis  To perform the following tests on the final data: ‚ Chi-square ‚ T-test. ‚ Comparision between two independent data. .  To check whether knowledge of mumbaikars is more than that of migrators through questionnaires provided to them.

Ratio Interval Ordinal Nominal Nominal The name 'Nominal' comes from the Latin nomen. although this may not be described. Nominal items may have numbers assigned to them. Thus ordinal data is also nominal.these are used to simplify capture and referencing. The only thing a nominal scale does is to say that items being measured have something in common.Types of data There are four types of data that may be gathered in social research. . and so on. in that they belong to a definable category. Example  The number pinned on a sports person. Nominal items are usually categorical. This may appear ordinal but is not -.  A set of countries. each one adding more to the next. meaning 'name' and nominal data are items which are differentiated by a simple naming system. such as 'employees'.

Letters or other sequential symbols may also be used as appropriate.  Temperature. The order of items is often defined by assigning numbers to them to show their relative position. Interval Interval data (also sometimes called integer) is measured along a scale in which each position is equidistant from one another. Ordinal items are usually categorical. This is often used in psychological experiments that measure attributes along an arbitrary scale between two extremes. This may indicate such as temporal position. in degrees Fahrenheit. superiority. Example  My level of happiness. C and D. Interval data cannot be multiplied or divided. B.  Pay bands in an organization. rated from 1 to 10. such as '1956 marathon runners'.they show sequence only.Ordinal Items on an ordinal scale are set into some kind of order by their position on the scale. etc. You cannot do arithmetic with ordinal numbers -. in that they belong to a definable category. This allows for the distance between two pairs to be equivalent in some way. third and fifth person in a race. as denoted by A. . Example  The first.

the number zero has meaning. Example A person's weight The number of pizzas I can eat before fainting DATA USED IN OUR PROJECT NOMINAL DATA: In our Project the Data used is Nominal Data. We have categorized our project in two parts Mumbaikars and Migrators. although this may not be described. Because they can be measured on a scale. A set of Data is said to be Nominal if the Values or the Observations belonging can be assigned a code in the form of numbers are simply labels. Ratio data can be multiplied and divided because not only is the difference between 1 and 2 the same as between 3 and 4. Thus one person can be twice as tall as another person. The only thing a nominal scale does is to compare population sample being measured have something in common. Thus the difference between a person of 35 and a person 38 is the same as the difference between people who are 12 and 15. Interval and ratio data measure quantities and hence are quantitative.Ratio In a ratio scale. A person can also have an age of zero. . but also that 4 is twice as much as 2. You can count but not order or measure Nominal data . Important also. numbers can be compared as multiples of one another. For example in our Study a set of Mumbaikars and Migrators giving correct answers are coded as 1 and wrong answers are coded as 0. they are also called scale data.

this is the probability of error associated with rejecting the hypothesis of no difference between the two categories of observations (corresponding to the groups) in the population when. two-tailed ttest probability.g. Gender: male/female) and at least one dependent variable (e. some researchers claim that even smaller no¶s are possible).g. The equality of variances assumption can be verified with the F test. Arrangement of Data. a test score) are required. The means of the dependent variable will be compared between selected groups based on the specified values (e. as small as 10.g. the normality assumption can be evaluated by looking at the distribution of the data (via histograms) or by performing a normality test. See also.. Some researchers suggest that if the difference is in the predicted direction. T-Test for Independent Samples Purpose. the significance level. you can consider only one half (one "tail") of the probability distribution and thus divide the standard p-level reported with a t-test (a "two-tailed" probability) by two. For example. or you can use the more robust Levene's test. The t-test is the most commonly used method to evaluate the differences in means between two groups.test (see Nonparametrics and Distribution Fitting). then you can evaluate the differences in means between two groups using one of the nonparametric alternatives to the t. As mentioned before. whether from a controlled experiment or an observational study (not controlled).. Student's t Distribution.Tests used in the study Hypothesis test: A statistical hypothesis test is a method of making decisions using data. as long as the variables are normally distributed within each group and the variation of scores in the two groups is not reliably different (see also Elementary Concepts). one independent (grouping) variable (e. according to a pre-determined threshold probability. Assumptions. In statistics. the hypothesis is true. the t-test can be used to test for a difference in test scores between a group of patients who were given a drug and a control group who received a placebo..g. a result is called statistically significant if it is unlikely to have occurred by chance alone. The following data set can be analyzed with a t-test comparing the average WCC score in males and females. suggest that you should always report the standard. Technically speaking. male and female) of the independent variable. . in fact. and when such tests are available we may discover whether a second sample is or is not significantly different from the first. The phrase "test of significance" was coined by Ronald Fisher: "Critical tests of this kind may be called tests of significance. the t-test can be used even if the sample sizes are very small (e. In order to perform the t-test for independent samples. Others. If these conditions are not met. however.. The p-level reported with a t-test represents the probability of error involved in accepting our research hypothesis about the existence of a difference. Theoretically.

. The alternative hypothesis. There are two types of statistical hypotheses. The null hypothesis. is usually the hypothesis that sample observations result purely from chance. H(A): Migrators have more knowledge of Mumbai.Hypothesis testing A Statistical hypothesis is an assumption about a population parameter. a population representing people born and bought up in Mumbai & the other one representing people who are migrated to Mumbai. We compare who has the most knowledge Mumbaikars or Migrators. denoted by H1 or Ha. denoted by H0. y Null hypothesis. The best way to determine whether a statistical hypothesis is true would be to examine the entire population. Hypothesis statement: H0: Mumbaikars have more knowledge of Mumbai compared to people who have migrated to this place. This assumption may or may not be true. is the hypothesis that sample observations are influenced by some non-random cause. y Alternative hypothesis. To support our hypothesis. we have conducted a two population sample survey. Now here we have examined two different populations.

that is. ‚ H0: Mumbaikars have more knowledge of Mumbai compared to people who have migrated to this place.. ‚ This has proved to be true during our study.with the help of various tests conducted .Conclusion ‚ The study was done in order to understand the knowledge between mumbaikars and migrators to Mumbai as to how much they know about Mumbai. ‚ The samples of 25 each of Mumbaikars and migrators in Mumbai were used for the study. ‚ As per the hypothesis statement mentioned above.

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