Today's Republicans: Mitt Romney: Governor Romney “favors amending the Clean Air Act to exclude carbon dioxide from its purview,” and supports the construction of the Keystone oil pipeline. i Ron Paul: “Polluters should answer directly to property owners in court for the damages they create – not to Washington.”ii In addition to eliminating the EPA, Congressman Paul favors axing the Department of Energy and the Department of the Interior. iii Rick Santorum: “I’ve never supported even the hoax of global warming.” iv Senator Santorum favors removing bans on drilling—both onshore and offshore, as well as eliminating all energy subsidies and tax credits. v Newt Gingrich: The EPA is “a tool of ideologues to push an anti-jobs agenda that would never survive the scrutiny of the American voter.” vi "In the name of protecting the environment, the EPA has become a tool of ideologues to push an anti-jobs agenda that would never survive the scrutiny of the American voter." vii Speaker Gingrich favors replacing the EPA with an “Environmental Solutions Agency” that “would use incentives and work cooperatively with local government and industry to achieve better environmental outcomes while considering the impact of federal environmental policies on job creation and the cost of energy.” viii Goldwater: (Note: Brian Allen Drake, of the University of Georgia, describes Barry Goldwater as a "skeptical environmentalist." After reading his piece on the late Arizona Senator, I got the overall impression that Goldwater was more in favor of federal intervention with regards to the environment than against it, so I will present quotes and facts that argue both sides of this argument. All quotes and facts are from Professor Drake’s piece, “The Skeptical Environmentalist: Senator Barry Goldwater and the Environmental Management State” (2010) unless otherwise noted). Pro-Federal Intervention: “The whole question of what’s happening to our environment gives me the most concern of any issue before the Congress.” “I can tell you I am getting tired of Detroit shirking its responsibilities... and this doesn’t come from

a left-wing liberal, this comes from a right-wing conservative.” “I truly feel [that] with the rapid reduction of wilderness areas it is becoming more and more a fact that we must set aside enough acres of the remaining unspoiled country so that the following generations of Americans will have the opportunity of enjoying the sights that we have taken for granted all these years.” "[It is] “our job [to] prevent that lush orb known as Earth...from turning into a bleak and barren, dirty brown planet… We are in trouble on the Earth in our continuing efforts to survive [and] it is difficult to visualize what will be left of the Earth if our present rates of population and pollution expansion are maintained… [It is] scarcely possible to claim that man’s ability to destroy his environment has any serious limitations.” [No longer is there] any reason to question whether the threat is real.” "I happen to be one who has spent much of his public life defending the business community, the free enterprise system, and local governments from harassment and encroachment from an outsized Federal bureaucracy.... [Yet] I feel very definitely that the [Nixon] administration is absolutely correct in cracking down on companies and corporations and municipalities that continue to pollute the nation’s air and water. While I am a great believer in the free competitive enterprise system and all that it entails, I am an even stronger believer in the right of our people to live in a clean and pollution-free environment. To this end, it is my belief that when pollution is found, it should be halted at the source, even if this requires stringent government action against important segments of our national economy."ix “My mother took us to services at the Episcopal church. Yet she always said that God was not just inside the four walls of a house of worship, but everywhere — in the rising sun over Camelback Mountain in Phoenix, a splash of water along the nearby Salt or Verde rivers, or clouds driving over the Estrella Mountains, south of downtown. I’ve always thought of God in those terms.” x On the Colorado River: “We are on the Colorado…that means something more to me than thoughts of electrical power or a harnessed river.” On the Grand Canyon: “At this sunset hour, the canyon walls are indescribably beautiful and I fear the magic of photography can never record what I see now. The tall spires near the canyon’s top and the walls of the canyon up there look as if God had reached out and swiped a brush of golden paint across them, gilding these rocks in the bright glow of the setting sun.” “Well, once you’ve been in the Canyon and once you’ve sort of fallen in love with it, it never ends…it’s always been a fascinating place to me, in fact I’ve often said that if I ever had a mistress it would be the Grand Canyon.” Notes: While in the Senate, Goldwater cosponsored a number of bills for federally funded solar and geothermal projects. He also co-sponsored the Clean Air Act and stood behind Nixon's creation of the EPA. In the early 1980s, Goldwater introduced legislation designating Arizona's Aravaipa Canyon as a federal wilderness, and co-sponsored the Arizona National Forest Wilderness Act of 1984. He also

accepted an honorary membership in the group Republicans for Environmental Protection near the end of his life. Anti-Federal Intervention: On the EPA in the mid to late 70s: “Some of the programs of the EPA have been instrumental in the movement toward a cleaner environment, but I wonder at what cost?” "The EPA is impeding the progress of people and affecting the lives of people and the livelihood of people.” “I thought [organizations like the EPA] were good. [Now] I think they are being badly misused by ... people who really do not understand what they are supposed to do, nor what we intended them to do.” "The EPA is out of control and must be brought into line." "[If I had my way], we’d just get rid of the EPA entirely.” On environmental groups' opposition to the SST, a proposed supersonic passenger jetliner: “Long before the words ‘ecology’ and ‘pollution’ became prominent, I was known in my State of Arizona as a nature lover ... and I yield to no one ... in my concern as a conservationist… I [will] vote for [the SST] with not a single qualm as to its possible effect on the earth’s atmosphere. If there were even a question of a doubt I would be opposed to this program.” Goldwater was also an enthusiastic leader of what was known as the "Sagebrush Rebellion" of the late 70s and early 80s, where Western state legislators advocated the return of federal land within their borders to state control so that that land could be sold to private interests. The best-known federal ally of the Rebellion was President Reagan's Secretary of the Interior James Watt, a scourge of American environmentalists at the time, and a friend of Goldwater's, who dubbed him "an exceedingly fine Secretary."

i ii iii iv

v vi vii

viii ix x Barry M. Goldwater with Jack Casserly, Goldwater.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful