Hardness Relationship Scales

Delivering the Right Results

0 69.0 68.6 75.0 84.2 62.5 92.6 79.5 73.0 58.5 83.5 75.6 73.6 66.0 77.0 59.0 60.0 76.0 66.9 69.4 60.4 91.8 73.4 83.1 86.0 85.2 92.0 57.0 47.1 90.7 74.0 48.2 91.4 68.4 85.0 53. .0 84.0 64.5 76.0 71.3 78.9 92.0 77.4 64.9 83.2 68.0 72.9 86.0 59.5 70.1 75.0 46.5 83.5 86.9 76.4 76.7 74. 3000kgf (HBS) Brinell 10mm Standard Carbide.0 50.8 67.4 74.6 85.1 79.1 79.0 78.0 65.0 72.5 76.0 78.3 63.7 80.2 80.4 86.9 68.3 88.1 62.1 61.8 81.0 56.1 65.5 67.8 64.8 60.8 76.0 49.9 85.6 82.0 *Values follow ASTM E 140-05 Table 1 for non-austenitic steels.9 59.8 89.0 84.0 63.9 66.2 69.5 64.3 49.5 51.9 81.ROCKWELL STANDARD C A 150kg 60kg (HRC) (HRA) D 100kg (HRD) ROCKWELL SUPERFICIAL 15N 30N 15kg 30kg (HR15N) (HR30N) 45N 45kg (HR45N) Vickers 10kg (HV) Knoop ≥ 500g (HK) Brinell 10mm Standard Ball.2 89.0 93.7 66.7 66.2 71.9 73.5 83.2 70.0 67.7 65.4 77.0 61.8 64.0 51.6 65.8 63.8 81.1 73.0 45.7 90.7 69.0 62.4 56.4 74.9 88.5 67.1 80.2 73.0 69.8 52.0 85.9 75.0 60.6 57.4 50.5 93.5 85.5 78.2 74.6 63.0 1076 1004 940 900 865 832 800 772 746 720 697 674 653 633 613 595 577 560 544 528 513 498 484 471 458 446 972 946 920 895 870 846 822 799 776 754 732 710 690 670 650 630 612 594 576 558 542 526 510 495 480 466 (500) (487) (475) (464) 451 442 432 421 (739) (722) (705) (688) (670) (654) 634 615 595 577 560 543 525 512 496 481 469 455 443 432 421 86.8 91.0 54.5 78.3 75.0 53.9 87.2 94.8 58.3 72. 3000kgf (HBW) 70.1 55.4 82.0 55.3 87.3 81.9 83.0 52.0 71.8 82.8 73.

3 77.5 58.9 33.6 40.0 38.0 20.0 27.0 36.1 42. 3000kgf (HBS) Brinell 10mm Standard Carbide.2 42.8 55.4 69.4 49.1 51.6 38.7 56.8 53.0 43.9 27.8 62.8 66.8 50.Approximate Hardness Conversion Numbers ROCKWELL STANDARD C A 150kg 60kg (HRC) (HRA) D 100kg (HRD) ROCKWELL SUPERFICIAL 15N 30N 15kg 30kg (HR15N) (HR30N) 45N 45kg (HR45N) Vickers 10kg (HV) Knoop ≥ 500g (HK) Brinell 10mm Standard Ball.8 64.0 26.8 46.5 50.0 37.3 63.4 37.2 61.0 32. 3000kgf (HBW) 44.2 48.1 28.0 74.9 68.0 81.5 61.3 41.3 23.0 40.9 79.4 62.1 34.7 77.1 75.5 48.7 47.9 40.9 55.5 24. .6 53.0 30.3 62.5 72.5 31.1 62.0 61.5 63.2 36.7 46.0 46.4 47.3 65.0 71.0 21.3 52.6 71.0 29.6 76.4 66.7 56.1 41.1 45.7 32.0 23.1 22.0 34.9 73.9 67.6 57.3 30.9 69.3 64.4 78.1 41.0 24.0 60.9 40.4 67.7 19.0 28.0 44.9 45.8 45.5 69.2 71.6 47.8 63.2 55.3 43.0 39.4 59.2 76.3 72.0 58.0 43.5 57.0 54.0 49.5 70.9 69.0 25.3 60.0 42.5 *Values follow ASTM E 140-05 Table 1 for non-austenitic steels.0 35.0 31.8 78.1 82.9 56.7 25.5 80.8 43.0 41.4 79.1 52.4 68.0 70.2 44.8 26.0 22.6 75.2 53.8 39.0 33.3 51.6 43.7 45.3 50.5 73.5 82.6 434 423 412 402 392 382 372 363 354 345 336 327 318 310 302 294 286 279 272 266 260 254 248 243 238 452 438 426 414 402 391 380 370 360 351 342 334 326 318 311 304 297 290 284 278 272 266 261 256 251 409 400 390 381 371 362 353 344 336 327 319 311 301 294 286 279 271 264 258 253 247 243 237 231 226 409 400 390 381 371 362 353 344 336 327 319 311 301 294 286 279 271 264 258 253 247 243 237 231 226 72.4 47.8 72.9 70.5 44.9 80.4 54.8 65.0 20.

9 71.ROCKWELL SUPERFICIAL ROCKWELL STANDARD B 100kg (HRB) A 60kg (HRA) F 60kg (HRF) 15T 15kg (HR15T) 30T 30kg (HR30T) 45T 45kg (HR45T) Vickers 10kg (HV) Knoop ≥ 500g (HK) Brinell 3000kgf (HBS) 100 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 85 84 83 82 81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 61.8 99.8 53.2 90.9 48.9 67.4 73.8 92.8 57.8 48.8 52.5 58.8 45.8 60.4 52.2 87.8 63.8 91.6 54.9 47.8 50.1 72.8 52.6 85.8 90.9 88.1 50.8 46.9 68.8 75.7 65.1 68.2 88.2 89.3 57.3 86.4 47.4 67.1 76.4 55.9 64.0 84.9 60.7 67.9 89.2 59.4 69.8 51.8 56.4 71.8 55.7 84.5 48.8 79.8 62.0 85.8 49.6 50.0 49.8 58.3 51.8 54.8 73.8 46.6 99.8 61.1 66.3 45.5 60.8 81.7 69.8 71.6 88.4 77.1 74.5 93.1 80.6 57.9 65.5 89.5 90.0 53.9 66.1 91.4 75.5 81.9 70.1 92.6 87.1 78.1 98.9 69.9 58.1 70.8 55.0 56.5 92.4 65.7 51.8 59.6 86.4 79.8 77.1 72.9 86.3 46.9 87.3 85.5 91.3 86.8 47.8 240 234 228 222 216 210 205 200 195 190 185 180 176 172 169 165 162 159 156 153 150 147 144 141 139 137 135 132 251 246 241 236 231 226 221 216 211 206 201 196 192 188 184 180 176 173 170 167 164 161 158 155 152 150 147 145 240 234 228 222 216 210 205 200 195 190 185 180 176 172 169 165 162 159 156 153 150 147 144 141 139 137 135 132 *Values follow ASTM E 140-05 Table 2 for non-austenitic steels.2 54.1 82.3 83. .

0 34.0 52.8 41.5 78.4 63.1 90.2 75.7 91.7 53.7 33.7 28. .6 38.4 92.5 35.4 88.9 76.6 84.0 83.5 80.8 39.7 37.0 50.1 94.9 40.0 56.4 83.6 95.1 62.7 130 127 125 123 121 119 117 116 114 112 110 108 107 106 104 103 101 100 - 143 141 139 137 135 133 131 129 127 125 124 122 120 118 117 115 114 112 111 110 109 108 107 106 105 104 103 102 130 127 125 123 121 119 117 116 114 112 110 108 107 106 104 103 101 100 - *Values follow ASTM E 140-05 Table 2 for non-austenitic steels.7 26.5 77.4 84.2 76.5 79.8 84.7 24.1 37.4 61.Approximate Hardness Conversion Numbers ROCKWELL SUPERFICIAL ROCKWELL STANDARD B 100kg (HRB) A 60kg (HRA) F 60kg (HRF) 15T 15kg (HR15T) 30T 30kg (HR30T) 45T 45kg (HR45T) Vickers 10kg (HV) Knoop ≥ 500g (HK) Brinell 3000kgf (HBS) 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 45.4 57.8 43.7 30.1 86.0 97.8 44.3 44.7 83.3 64.7 55.2 77.8 36.7 33.0 38.5 39.7 22.0 21.3 44.4 51.0 54.0 46.7 63.8 80.8 79.8 41.8 40.7 17.4 96.2 78.3 47.7 37.9 93.7 31.3 41.3 42.7 19.8 38.0 58.7 23.0 39.8 92.7 20.0 85.3 35.1 81.0 82.8 42.6 75.7 82.3 49.7 34.8 43.7 27.1 33.5 93.2 91.7 47.4 55.0 48.1 79.4 40.7 36.5 86.3 32.6 76.7 59.3 43.4 53.8 88.3 83.7 61.4 59.8 96.1 82.7 51.6 34.8 42.9 77.5 90.7 87.4 82.4 40.4 81.9 35.7 49.2 95.7 57.9 98.8 78.7 25.9 75.0 89.1 80.2 36.7 32.7 18.7 83.2 87.7 35.7 29.0 60.8 81.

7 28.6 82.0 38.0 71.7 16.7 75.7 14.1 28.7 45.4 27.0 73.7 30.0 36.7 79.8 80.6 74.6 6.0 81.9 74.0 40.6 - 102 101 100 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 89 88 87 - *Values follow ASTM E 140-05 Table 2 for non-austenitic steels.6 3.6 73.3 17.7 71.0 31.9 76.4 80.3 72.3 29.6 41.0 42.3 75.4 76.6 74.4 46.3 39.6 78.7 72.0 72.6 37.6 10.6 7.4 32.9 32.0 26.3 74.7 43.2 27.3 73.3 79.0 44.7 13.Conversions (cont'd) ROCKWELL SUPERFICIAL ROCKWELL STANDARD B 100kg (HRB) A 60kg (HRA) F 60kg (HRF) 15T 15kg (HR15T) 30T 30kg (HR30T) 45T 45kg (HR45T) Vickers 10kg (HV) Knoop ≥ 500g (HK) Brinell 3000kgf (HBS) 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 32.0 77.3 45.0 75.6 5.7 15.3 37.6 11.3 43.2 30.6 4. .5 29.3 41.3 74.6 2.6 82.6 12.6 9.8 27.4 71.6 31.1 78.9 29.6 8.7 70. **Conversions for scales using carbide (WC) ball indenter have not yet been developed.2 74.6 39.0 70.

96 1.012 0.036 0.36 0.006 0.76 0.81 0.5 … 74 … 68 74 86 72 … … 66 84 68 … … 57 82 63 69 … 47 79 58 67 … … 76 51 65 … … 71 37 62 … … 67 20 57 … … 60 … 52 … … … … 45 … … … … 37 … … … … 28 … … … … 20 … … … … Using the 1/16th" (1.036 0.010 0.024 0.008 0.018 0.71 0.012 0.15 0.038 0.014 0.02 C 15N 30N A 45N Hardness Hardness Hardness Hardness Dial Reading Reading Reading Reading Reading … 92 … … … … 90 … … … … 88 … … … … 83 82 … 77 … 76 78.588 mm) Diameter Ball Indenter Rockwell & Rockwell Superficial Scale Minimum Thickness in.46 0.20 0.71 0.038 0.41 0.030 0.032 0.86 0.022 0.25 0.96 1.61 0.02 B 15T 30T F 45T Hardness Hardness Hardness Hardness Dial Reading Reading Reading Reading Reading … 91 93 … … … 86 78 … … … 81 62 … … … 75 44 … 71 … 68 24 … 62 … … … … 53 … … … … 43 94 … … 98 31 87 … … 91 18 80 … … 85 4 71 … … 77 … 62 … … 69 … 52 … … … … 40 … … … … 28 … … … … … … … … … .018 0.86 0.91 0.034 0.41 0.51 0. 0.61 0.020 0.016 0.026 0.56 0.016 0.040 mm 0.66 0.56 0.51 0.76 0.30 0.028 0.46 0.010 0.040 mm 0.030 0.25 0.36 0.020 0.91 0. 0.81 0.034 0.Minimum Thickness Guide Using the Diamond Indenter Rockwell & Rockwell Superficial Scale Minimum Thickness in.026 0.66 0.014 0.032 0.028 0.30 0.022 0.024 0.

5 0.0 1.0 0.5 0 60 1. (25 mm) 1 1/4 in.5 0.5 1.0 2.5 0. (19 mm) 7/8 in.5 1.5 0. (32 mm) 1 1/2 in. (22 mm) 1 in.0 1. A.0 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.5 0.5 1.0 1.5 0. Reading (6.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.0 0.0 1.0 25 5.0 3.0 3.5 0.5 2.0 30 5.0 1.0 1.5 0. (16 mm) 3/4 in.0 1.5 0 0 0 80 0.0 0.5 0 0 70 1.5 2.0 0.0 1.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .5 2.0 1.0 1.5 2.0 0.0 1.5 55 2.5 1.0 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0 75 1.5 1.0 0.0 2.0 1. (13 mm) 5/8 in.0 0.5 2.5 0.0 2.5 0.5 1.5 0.0 1.0 1.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 85 0. and D Values Obtained on Convex Cylindrical Surfaces of Various Diameters Diameters of Convex Cylindrical Surfaces Dial 1/4 in.5 0.5 0.0 1.0 3.5 0.5 45 3.5 1.5 3.5 0. (10 mm) 1/2 in.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 90 0.0 4.5 2.5 2.5 35 4.5 0 0 65 1.4 mm) 3/8 in.5 4.5 0.5 1.0 1.5 1.Corrections to be Added to Rockwell C.5 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 50 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 1.5 1. (38 mm) 20 6.0 0.5 40 3.5 0.

0 20 11.5 3.4 mm) 3/8 in.0 5.0 3.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 40 9.0 60 7.0 30 10.5 3.5 2.0 2.0 1.0 3. (16 mm) 3/4 in.0 100 3.5 Hardness Reading . (13 mm) 5/8 in. and G Values Obtained on Convex Cylindrical Surfaces of Various Diameters Diameters of Convex Cylindrical Surfaces 1/4 in.5 4.5 2. (19 mm) 7/8 in.0 2. (6.5 4.5 2.5 5.0 3.0 70 6.5 3.5 1.0 3. (10 mm) 1/2 in.0 8.5 1.Correction for Convex Cylindrical Surfaces Corrections to be Added to Rockwell B.0 10 12. F.5 90 4.5 4.0 4.5 1.0 4.0 3.5 1.0 4.0 5.5 1.5 2.0 3.0 2.5 3. (25 mm) 0 12.0 6.5 4.0 3.0 4.0 1.5 80 5.5 3.0 2.5 3.5 5.5 2.0 2.5 5.5 3.0 3.5 6.0 6.0 1.0 2.5 3.5 8.0 0.0 5.5 2. (22 mm) 1 in.0 2.5 1.5 50 8.0 7.5 4.5 1.0 6.

0 1.5 2.0 0.5 0 0 85 0.5 0.0 1. (19 mm) 1 in.4 mm) 3/8 in.5 2.5 3.5 1.5 0 80 1 0.5 0.5 25 5.0 0.0 2.0 30 5.0 1.0 35 5.5 70 2.5 2.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 2.0 45 4.0 1.0 2.5 1.5 0. (3.5 1.0 1.5 0.5 75 1.0 0.0 1.0 3. (6.5 0 0 90 0 0 0 0 0 0 .5 0.5 1.5 3.5 0.0 1.0 2.5 1.0 1. (13 mm) 3/4 in.5 1.Corrections to be Added to Rockwell Superficial 15N.0 1.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 1.0 40 4.5 60 3.5 0.5 0.5 65 2. and 45N Values Obtained on Convex Cylindrical Surfaces of Various Diameters Diameters of Convex Cylindrical Surfaces Hardness Reading 1/8 in.2 mm) 1/4 in. 30N. (25 mm) 20 6.5 0.5 0. (10 mm) 1/2 in.0 0.0 2.5 1 0.5 0.5 1.0 50 3.5 1.0 1.5 0.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 55 3.5 1.5 2.

0 1.5 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 1.5 .0 1.5 0.4 mm) 3/8 in. (25 mm) 20 13.5 4.0 6.5 4.5 2.0 1.0 6.0 3.0 2.5 5.5 2.0 2.2 mm) 1/4 in.0 80 3.0 1.0 1. (19 mm) 1 in.Correction for Convex Cylindrical Surfaces Corrections to be Added to Rockwell Superficial 15T.5 5.0 4.5 60 6.5 4.5 2.5 70 5.5 0. (16 mm) 3/4 in.0 2.5 3.0 30 11.5 90 1.5 3.5 1.5 1.5 7.0 3.0 0.5 2.5 2.5 4.0 9. 30T. (10 mm) 1/2 in.5 1.0 0.5 2.0 3.5 3.0 1. (13 mm) 5/8 in. (3.5 3. (6.5 3.0 50 8. and 45T Values Obtained on Convex Cylindrical Surfaces of Various Diameters Diameters of Convex Cylindrical Surfaces Hardness Reading 1/8 in.0 2.0 40 10.5 0.

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