Christianity claims to have nearly 1.2 billion adherents all over the world.

Christianity owes its name to
Jesus Christ (peace be on him). The Holy Bible is the sacred scripture of the Christians: a) The Bible is divided into two parts, the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Old Testament is the Holy Scripture of the Jews and contains records of all the prophets of the Jews that came before Jesus (pbuh). The New Testament contains records of the life of Jesus (pbuh). b)

Position of Jesus (pbuh) in Islam:
Islam is the only non-Christian faith, which makes it an article of faith to believe in Jesus (pbuh). No Muslim is a Muslim if he does not believe in Jesus (pbuh). We believe that he was one of the mightiest Messengers of Allah (swt). We believe that he was born miraculously, without any male intervention, which many modern day Christians do not believe. We believe he was the Messiah translated Christ (pbuh). We believe that he gave life to the dead with God‟s permission. We believe that he healed those born blind, and the lepers with God‟s permission.

CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY:
Jesus Christ (pbuh) never claimed Divinity Both had a father and a mother, while Jesus (pbuh) was born miraculously without any male intervention. [Mathew 1:18 and Luke 1:35 and also Al-Qur'an 3:42-47] Both were married and had children. Jesus (pbuh) according to the Bible did not marry nor had children. Both besides being Prophets were also kings i.e. they could inflict capital punishment. Jesus (pbuh) said, "My kingdom is not of this world." (John 18:36). Both were accepted as Prophets by their people in their lifetime but Jesus (pbuh) was rejected by his people. John chapter 1 verse 11 states, "He came unto his own, but his own received him not." Both brought new laws and new regulations for their people. Jesus (pbuh) according to the Bible did not bring any new laws. (Mathew 5:17-18).

a sick man. „The Buddha’. the sage of the tribe of Sakya. We believe in one God who is a Triune God. Thus. He died at the age of 80 in the year 483 BC. clean-headed. a brother and a businessman at the same time. He travelled from city to city bare-footed. According to legend. Gautama on the same day saw an old man.e. liquid i. an astrologer foretold his father. He was also called Sakyamuni. the king. or 'The Enlightened One'. He studied and practised Hindu discipline initally. Hinayana and Mahayana Noble Truths: . that young Gautama would give up the throne and luxury and renounce the world the day he would see four things (i) an old man. The concept of Trinity can be explained by giving the example that water can be present in three states. within the present borders of Nepal.1. he resumed eating normally and abandoned asceticism. The impact of the dark side of life made him renounce the world that same night and he left his wife and son and became a penniless wanderer. water and gas i. (ii) a sick man.e. yet it is one and the same water. 2. a diseased man and a dead man.e. the Son and the Holy Ghost? Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism.e. Then why cannot God be “one in three” i. one evening as he sat beneath a giant fig tree (Bodh tree). His original name was Siddharth (meaning one who has accomplished). and later. For several years he observed rigorous fasting along with extreme self-mortification. (iii) a diseased man and (iv) a dead man. Jainism. he came to be known as „Gautama’. but these three are one. 3. Hence. but yet he is one and the same person. At the age of 35. At the age of 29 after the birth of his first son. A person can also be a father. with nothing more on his self than his saffron robe. He was born in the year 563 B. He was married at the age of sixteen to Yasoddhra. as solid i. in the village of Lumbini near Kapila Vastu.e. ice.e. he felt that he had found the solution to his problem and felt that he had attained enlightenment. walking stick and begging bowl. The Christians’ Concept of God is the Trinity i. the Son and the Holy Ghost. the king confined Gautama in a special palace which was provided with all worldly pleasures. God the Father. the Father. Later.C. On realising that tormenting his body did not bring him closer to true wisdom. Buddhism is divided into two sects viz. vapour. he spent 45 years in preaching the truth that he felt he had discovered. i.

It is a cessation of all sorrows. CONCEPT OF GOD . which can be achieved by removing desire by following the Eight Fold Path. According to Buddhism.The principal teachings of Gautama Buddha can be summarised in what the Buddhists call the „Four Noble Truths‟: First – There is suffering and misery in life . Third – Suffering and misery can be removed by removing desire. The Noble Eight Fold Path: (i) Right Views (ii) Right Thoughts (iii) Right Speech (iv) Right Actions (v) Right Livelihood (vi) Right Efforts (vii) Right Mindfulness (viii) Right Meditation Nirvana: Nirvana' literally means "blowing out" or "extinction". Fourth – Desire can be removed by following the Eight Fold Path. this is the ultimate goal of life and can be described in various words. Second – The cause of this suffering and misery is desire.

PHILOSOPHY OF ANTHROPOMORPHISM Many religions at some point believe. God becoming a human. and as such it teaches us all that is necessary for our salvation from sin. Protestants view the Bible as the standard by which all Christian behavior must be measured. The Mahayana sect taught that Buddha‟s watchful and compassionate eyes are on all miserable beings. directly or indirectly. Buddha was against the caste-system prevalent in the Hindu society. false gods and pretenders to divinity can be easily dismissed using these verses. He came down to earth as a human. It may be that since India was drowned in idol worship and anthropomorphism that a sudden step to monotheism would have been drastic and hence Buddha may have chosen to remain silent on the issue of God. shortcomings and feelings of human beings. Since the attributes of Allah given in this chapter are unique. One of the first major differences between Catholicism and Protestantism is the issue of the sufficiency and authority of Scripture. is the touchstone of theology.e. Protestants believe that the Bible alone is the sole source of God‟s special revelation to mankind. Buddha was once asked by a disciple whether God exists? He refused to reply. Thus Theology means study of God and to Muslims this four line definition of Almighty God serves as the touchstone of the study of God. The „Man-God‟ appears on earth in human form and incarnates from time to time.the touchstone of theology: Surah Ikhlas (Chapter 112) of the Glorious Qur‟an. When pressed. "It is not my business or yours to find out whether there is God – our business is to remove the sufferings of the world". While there have been some attempts over the last several years to find common ground between the two groups. Buddhism provided Dhamma or the „impersonal law‟ in place of God. Many scholars consider the evolution of God within Buddhism as an effect of Hinduism. Question: "What is the difference between Catholics and Protestants?" Answer: There are several very important differences between Catholics and Protestants. „Theo‟ in Greek means God and „logy‟ means study.Buddha was silent about the existence or non-existence of God. The Hinayana sect could not hold out any promise of external help to the people. and they are just as important today as they were at the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. he said that if you are suffering from a stomach ache would you concentrate on relieving the pain or studying the prescription of the physician. thus making a God out of Buddha. the fact is that the differences remain. Following is brief summary of some of the more important differences. However this could not satisfy the craving of human beings and the religion of self-help had to be converted into a religion of promise and hope. In order to set the rules for human beings. Surah Ikhlas . Any candidate to divinity must be subjected to this „acid test‟. This belief is commonly referred to as “Sola Scriptura” and is one of the “Five Solas” (sola being Latin for “alone”) . strong and weak and male and female. Many Buddhists adopted the local god and thus the religion of „No-God‟ was transformed into the religion of „Many-Gods‟ – big and small. He did not deny the existence of God. Their contention is that Almighty God is so pure and holy that He is unaware of the hardships. in the philosophy of anthropomorphism i.

anointing of the sick. that the man of God may be adequate. which affirms the biblical doctrine of justification by grace alone through faith alone because of Christ alone (Ephesians 2:8-10). that is the Spirit of truth. as well as many others. The view of Scripture is at the root of many of.” Of course this view of justification contradicts the clear teaching of Scripture in passages such as Romans 4:1-12. They believe that faith in Christ is only the beginning of salvation. enabling all believers to understand the message of the Bible. and when he does so his teachings are considered infallible and binding upon all Christians. and matrimony. Another of the “Five Solas” of the reformation was “Sola Fide” (faith alone). While Catholicism teaches that only the Catholic Church can properly and correctly interpret the Bible. On the other hand. etc. On the other hand. the differences between Catholics and Protestants. Protestants believe that on the basis of faith in Christ alone. They believe that both the Bible and sacred Roman Catholic tradition are equally binding upon the Christian. for correction. Protestantism acknowledges the biblical doctrine of the priesthood of all believers. according to Roman Catholicism. for reproof. man cannot be saved by faith alone in Christ alone. Titus 3:3-7. and sanctification (the ongoing process of being made righteous that continues throughout our lives on earth. they believe they are the result or fruit of salvation. However. Another major but closely related difference between Catholicism and Protestantism is over the office and authority of the Pope. Essentially the Roman Catholic Church‟s denial of “Sola Scriptura” and their insistence that both the Bible and their “Sacred Tradition” are equal in authority undermines the sufficiency. but in the very Word of God recorded in Scripture. Catholics rely on apostolic succession as a way of trying to establishing the Pope‟s authority. Protestants believe that no human being is infallible. for training in righteousness. but are based solely on Roman Catholic traditions. Penance. but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you. have little or no basis at all in Scripture. This is clearly seen in passages such as John 14:16-17: “I will ask the Father. As such he has the ability to speak “ex cathedra” (with authority on matters of faith and practice). worship or veneration of Mary. authority and completeness of the Bible. While there are many verses in the Bible that establish its authority and its sufficiency for all matters of faith and practice. if not all. one of the clearest is 2 Timothy 3:16 where we see that “All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching.that came out of the Protestant Reformation as summaries of some of the important differences between Catholics and Protestants.” Catholics on the other hand reject the doctrine of “Sola Scriptura” and do not believe that the Bible alone is sufficient. confirmation. But Protestants believe that the church‟s authority does not come from apostolic succession. justification involves being made righteous and holy.” (See also John 14:26 and 1 John 2:27). and that the individual must build upon that with good works because “man has to merit God‟s grace of justification and eternal salvation. Protestants believe that the Bible teaches that God sent the Holy Spirit to indwell all born again believers. According to Catholicism the Pope is the “Vicar of Christ” (a vicar is a substitute). praying to the saints. Holy Orders. Catholics on the other hand believe that Christ‟s righteousness is imparted to the believer by “grace through faith. While Catholicism teaches that only the Roman Catholic Church has the authority and power to interpret the Bible. Many Roman Catholics doctrines. but never the means to it. The atholics and Protestants also disagree on what it means to be justified before God. Essential to the Roman Catholic doctrine of salvation are the Seven Sacraments. and that Christ alone is the head of the church. equipped for every good work. To the Catholic. which leads . Spiritual power and authority does not rest in the hands of a mere man. Catholics blend justification and sanctification together into one ongoing process.) While Protestants recognize that works are important. the Eucharist. because it does not see Him or know Him. that He may be with you forever. and that individual Christians can trust the Holy Spirit for guidance in reading and interpreting the Bible for themselves. They teach that the Christian must rely on faith plus “meritorious works” in order to be saved.” but in itself is not sufficient to justify the believer. and He will give you another Helper. A third major difference between Catholicism and Protestantism is how one is saved. such as purgatory. which are: baptism. believers are justified by God as all their sins are paid for by Christ on the cross and His righteousness is imputed to them. whom the world cannot receive. but instead is derived from the Word of God. Protestants distinguish between the one time act of justification (when we are declared righteous and holy by God based on our faith in Christ‟s atonement on the cross). and takes the place of Jesus as the visible head of the Church.

Purgatory. A fear of purgatory causes many Catholics to miss out on the joy and peace that comes from knowing Jesus has paid the full price for sin. because they can never be sure of how long they will spend there. From their church traditions and their reliance of non-canonical books. We should not give to any man the honour that belongs to Jesus alone. God's forgiveness is a free gift we receive by turning away from our wrong ways and accepting it through believing in Jesus as our Lord (Galatians 2:16. departing this life in God‟s grace are. And we become a Christian by turning away from sin and turning our lives over to Jesus. While there are numerous other differences between what Catholics and Protestants believ THE POPE The Pope is a man Catholics have claimed is a mediator between God and mankind. But as it has been said Jesus is the only mediator between God and mankind (1 Timothy 2:5). but good works should be the sign of a person who is a Christian. 1 John 4:10). and that Christ‟s righteousness is imputed to us – when we die we will go straight to heaven to be in the presence of the Lord (Corinthians 5:6-10 and Philippians 1:23). Protestants believe that because we are justified by faith in Christ alone. not entirely free from venial faults. there is significant and important differences as to what happens to believers. PURGATORY Purgatory is a place Catholics believe they will go if they die with unpaid penalties. Colossians 2:9-10). A fourth major difference between Catholics and Protestants has to do with what happens after men die. results in a low view of the sufficiency and efficiency of Christ‟s atonement on the cross. . the Roman Catholic viewpoint on salvation implies that Christ‟s atonement on the cross was not sufficient payment for the sins of those who believe in Him. Good works are the result of becoming a Christian. which involves doing good works. According to the Bible good works do not make a person a Christian. Ephesians 1:22. making it one of the richest institutions in the world. Yet the Bible teaches over and over again that it is Christ‟s death alone that can satisfy or propitiate God‟s wrath against sinners (Romans 3:25. PENANCE Catholics generally believe sin causes spiritual penalties.to confusion about how one is saved. the prayers of priests. or have not fully paid the satisfaction due to their transgressions. and not all of these penalties are removed even if the guilt of a sin has been forgiven. While both believe that unbelievers will spend eternity in hell. either through acts of penance. Romans 1:17). According to Catholic beliefs any remaining penalties will be paid by suffering in a place called purgatory after death. Catholics often teach that time spent in purgatory can be reduced by gifts of money. Our works of righteousness cannot add to what Christ has already accomplished. Through such teachings the Catholic Church has collected billions of dollars. Yet even more disturbing about the Catholic doctrine of purgatory is the fact that they believe that man must or even can pay or make satisfaction for his own sins. 1 John 2:2. is a “place or condition of temporal punishment for those who.” On the other hand. Simply put. Catholics also claim the Pope is the head of the Church on earth. there they will pay for their penalties by suffering. but the Bible says Jesus is the head of the Church (Colossians 1:18. according to the Catholic Encyclopedia. They believe these remaining penalties can be removed or reduced by penance. This along with their misunderstanding of what the Bible teaches about how man is justified before God. However the Bible does not say anything about penance. God does not demand such things for the forgiveness of sins. and by doing other things. the Catholics have developed the doctrine of purgatory. and that even a believer must atone or pay for his own sins. Hebrews 2:17. or time in purgatory. What these good works are is decided by the priest after a confession. This imaginary place keeps many Catholics in fear all their life.

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