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OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING PLAN KABUL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (OTP KAIA)
EFFECTIVE 01 SEP 2008 CURRENT UNTIL NEXT DATE OF ISSUE Consult AIP, SOP and LOP KAIA for supporting information
1. This document represents guidelines for the training of ATC personnel to be employed in the KAIA Tower. It is to be used in conjunction with the KAIA Training Document to ensure that each controller is trained to an acceptable standard. 2. All personnel must fulfill the criteria outlined herein, in order to be rated at KAIA. 3. All suggestions for amendments may be forwarded to me through the SATCO for consideration and possible implementation.
doc 3/25 .AERODROME CONTROLLER /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485.ATTACHMENTS TO OTP: ATTACHMENT 1 – KAIA Tower Phase 1 Checklist ATTACHMENT 2 – KAIA Tower Phase 2 Checklist ATTACHMENT 3 – KAIA Tower Phase 3 Checklist ATTACHMENT 4 – KAIA Tower Phase 4 Checklist ATTACHMENT 5 – KAIA Tower Phase 5 Checklist ATTACHMENT 6 – Daily Training Report .
CHAPTER 1 GENERAL /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485.doc 4/25 .
The objectives of the ATC Tower training program are as follows: a. Familiarize controllers with the local environment. Train controllers to function in the Tower environment. The aim of the KAIA Tower Operational Training Program is to ensure that all air traffic controllers are trained to a high standard that will enable them to provide ATS at KAIA. c. Rated personnel shall ensure that safe and effective control over all situations is maintained by providing adequate direction to trainees or by resuming control in a timely manner. and Assess controllers' ability to function in the Tower environment. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. This OTP uses the criteria found in the KAIA LOPs as its foundation and the Deputy SATCO is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the program under the overall authority of SATCO.CHAPTER 1 SECTION 1 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF TRAINING PROGRAM Operational training encompasses that period of time required for an individual to develop the ability to perform all required control duties. b.doc 5/25 . Flight Safety and ATC operational effectiveness SHALL always take priority over training.
Leave. The daily training report is one of the most important records for individuals undergoing unit rating. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. d. 3. Briefing. c. Daily Assessment. and what is expected of the trainee during training. Each trainee will be briefed on the past week’s performance and will include a resume of the trainee’s progress. the role of the airport. strengths. the individual's perspectives and concerns. It is the means by which strengths and weaknesses of a controller are assessed. 2. the OTP. past employment. The Deputy SATCO or SATCO shall interview all personnel at the beginning of the operational training. and a general assessment of the trainee’s progress to date. Weekly Assessment. Correctly completed forms provide supervisory personnel with the necessary information to evaluate the progress of individuals undergoing checkout. Daily assessments will be further explained in chapter 2 of this manual. noting any areas that require improvement.CHAPTER 1 SECTION 2 TRAINING PROGRAM GUIDELINES 1. All leave is coordinated through the D/SATCO for SATCO 4. the material covered.doc 6/25 . further clarification will be provided in chapter 2 of this manual. b. approval. Items to be discussed during this interview shall include: a. Again. e.
The file will contain at minimum: a. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. This will allow continuity in training. Training Documentation. 6. at which time it will be destroyed. b. training check lists and Local Knowledge Exam (LKE). and completed rating form. completed daily debrief forms. Monitors will familiarize themselves with the trainee’s recent progress. c.5. A progress file on personnel undergoing operational training shall be maintained by the unit and made available to the trainee.doc 7/25 . The file shall be retained until the controller is posted. Monitoring.
CHAPTER 2 TRAINING ADMINISTRATION /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485.doc 8/25 .
d. study all pertinent publications as indicated in Section 2 Para 3. Trainees are expected to know and apply the appropriate rules and techniques for each control situation. 3. 2.doc 9/25 . and take an active role in the rating process. Trainees are reminded that it is their checkout. and any other activity that will facilitate their rating. They are expected to take an active role in the rating process by utilizing spare time to study publications. Monitors will consider each action and allow the trainee to continue so long as safety and efficiency are not adversely affected. recognize their limitations.CHAPTER 2 SECTION 1 TRAINING PHILOSOPHY 1. 4. Trainees are free to develop their own techniques from their own understanding or what they perceive as the best ideas from each monitor. b. discuss control scenarios with other controllers. Trainees should understand that the constructive criticism that they receive under training is meant to improve their ability and does not constitute harassment. and be prepared for the monitor to take control. although monitor techniques may vary. They must keep in mind that. Trainees shall ensure that they: a. A Trainee has the right to request that the daily debrief take place in a private location (such as on the catwalk. 5. an office or other location) and not in front of the crew or others. When accepting a debrief. At no time shall the monitor nor the trainee conduct the monitor/debrief process in a fashion that may be considered harassment. If a trainee feels uncomfortable with a particular debrief or situation. ensure training reports submitted to the D/SATCO. they are obligated to take appropriate steps to make their concerns known. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. accept constructive criticism and suggestions for improvement. the trainee should be clear about whether a training point is correction of wrong technique or advice to improve on an acceptable technique. the rules for control do not. familiarize themselves with equipment. c.
3. meet the position standard for all positions in the tower. the trainee must: a. In order to achieve a rating at KAIA as a Tower Controller. b. the SATCO may elect to commence administrative procedures to end ATC training and find appropriate employment for the trainee. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. they shall be re-evaluated to ensure that their skills and local knowledge are still at a safe standard. c. Afghanistan AIP. The following is a list of current publications that the trainee will be responsible to read and/or review: a. 4. obtain Deputy SATCO/ SATCO authorization to perform control duties. LOA between Kabul RAPCON and KAIA Tower Read-File. b. SATCO may elect to commence administrative procedures to end ATC training and find appropriate employment for the trainee. LOA between Bagram Approach Control and KAIA Tower. obtain a mark of 90% or above on the LKE. Required Reading. c. During rating. After rating.doc 10/25 . KAIA LOPs. e. Prior to rating. if a controller spends a period of time of 45 days or more without controlling. Training Annexes and other Publications. 5.CHAPTER 2 SECTION 2 CHECKOUT CRITERIA 1. if it is assessed by the SATCO that a trainee does not possess an adequate understanding of English. or if the trainee demonstrates an attitude that does not reflect a professional and serious approach to training. In addition. d. 2. the trainee must feel confident that he/she is ready to control without supervision. if a trainee fails to display satisfactory progress.
and ground vehicles. h. correctly correlate speed and distance factors while issuing precise take-off and landing instructions. safely manage higher levels of traffic while ensuring that flight safety is not compromised through the utilization of delaying action. m. departures. or overflights. or restrictions on VFR aircraft. g. clear. effectively control at least 8 aircraft simultaneously in any combination of arrivals. i. the individual must demonstrate the ability to: a. d. c. e. other aircraft. select and evaluate pertinent data from a variety of sources when required. correctly evaluate equipment serviceability status. accurately record control information. In order to receive a rating in the Tower position at Kabul. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. and correctly evaluate meteorological conditions. f.doc 11/25 . accurately visualize the relationship of aircraft to geographic positions. correctly interpret data contained in flight information publications. b. operate communication equipment as required. concise and accurate control instructions and information. recognize and respond to emergency (or potential emergency) situations. k. j. coordinate effectively and issue appropriate clearances. l. provide immediate.CHAPTER 2 SECTION 3 POSITION STANDARD TOWER CONTROL POSITION STANDARD 1.
effectively coordinate all military arrivals and departures with Air Ops. and correctly assign control priorities. and issue clearances. and ground vehicles. h. COORDINATOR POSITION STANDARD 3. In order to receive a rating in the Ground Control position at Kabul. correctly evaluate equipment serviceability status. clear. correctly perform all administrative duties pertaining to the position. f. accurately visualize the relationship of aircraft to geographic positions. safely coordinate ground movements with Ground when requests are made over ICN. FRS or phone lines.GROUND CONTROL POSITION STANDARD 2. l. b. d.doc 12/25 . e. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. provide immediate. In order to receive a rating in the Coordinator position at Kabul. select and evaluate pertinent data from a variety of sources when required. c. k. the individual must demonstrate the ability to: a. i. b. the individual must demonstrate the ability to: a. effectively control any combination of vehicle traffic and aircraft. concise and accurate control instructions and information. correctly interpret data contained in flight information publications. j. recognize and respond to emergency (or potential emergency) situations. coordinate effectively with Local Controller the use of TWY B For landing/departing Helis g. m. other aircraft. coordinate all arrivals and departures with KRAPCON (or BAGRAM if KRAPCON is unserviceable) according LOA. operate all communications and associated equipment as required.
2. CHAPTER 2 SECTION 4 LENGTH OF PROGRAM 1. Note: This period includes training time for the ground control and coordinator position.d. g. An experienced controller with a good understanding of English can expect to be rated in approximately 1 to 2 weeks. Training days allowed to complete this program is not specified in LOPs.doc 13/25 . e. Answer calls on phones and radios following the line of priority. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. Be aware on weather updates (especially for changes between VMC and IMC). Manage the military and civil flowchart. A breakdown of anticipated training timings is covered in Chapter 3. Obtain SVFR and IFR release from KRAPCON (or BAGRAM if KRAPCON is unserviceable) in a timely manner. f.
The letter grades are not relative to the trainee's stage of checkout.Unsatisfactory . all B's and C's shall be supported by comments in the narrative section. and all policies briefed.Satisfactory with debriefing . Daily Training Report: At the end of each monitoring session.met standard in terms of traffic density and complexity during training period. however minor monitor input was required and/or performance technique needs minor improvement.Not Observed. The letter grades shall be assigned as follows: A . This form is used to record the events of the day including traffic levels. The trainee must ensure that they understand all debrief points and that they may provide comments if there are any circumstances that they feel should be made known relative to a debrief.One or two aircraft/vehicles (concurrently) Moderate . The following definition shall be applied to the completion of daily training reports in regards to traffic density and complexity: a.met standard in terms of traffic density and complexity during training period.Unable to meet standard in terms of traffic density and complexity during training period. Traffic density: Light . 2. As a minimum. 3.More than four aircraft/vehicles (concurrently). Letter grades shall be used for assessments on the daily training report and are to be assigned relative to the trainee's ability to meet the control position standard. Note: The narrative must support the assigned grades. C . and /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. or D . B .CHAPTER 2 SECTION 5 ASSESSMENT 1.doc 14/25 . A debrief is mandatory after each session. This report is signed by both the monitor and trainee and is then forwarded to the D/SATCO. the monitor is required to fill out a daily training report on each trainee.Satisfactory .three or four aircraft/vehicles (concurrently). or Heavy . performance of the trainee.
Some conflictions. All areas of the training report shall be completed. at which time the complete record is to be forwarded to SATCO and saved on the Active Rated Controllers Folder. 5. The D/SATCO shall maintain the entire training folder until completion of training. routine flow and co-ordination. Moderate .e. These reports will form the basis of all future reports and it is incumbent upon the trainee and monitor to ensure their accuracy and completeness. or Complex .No conflictions. but failing this. etc) to ensure separation 4. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485.b. shall be debriefed on the completed reports no later than before the commencement of the next training day. Traffic complexity: Routine .Numerous conflictions with detailed co-ordination and/or controller action (i. restrictions. holds. It is recommended that the trainee is debriefed the same day. with increased co-ordination and restrictions.doc 15/25 .
3. Areas of immediate concern will be action accordingly. 4. D/SATCO is responsible for maintaining and updating the OTP as required on behalf of the SATCO.doc 16/25 . /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. The D/SATCO will review all critiques and amend the OTP as required. The D/SATCO shall review all critiques as they are submitted and discuss them with the trainee. 2. All trainees will be encouraged to make note of areas that may be improved regarding the OTP and report them to the D/SATCO in a timely fashion. All other areas will follow the critique process below. The aim is for all parties involved to keep the OTP current while providing the best possible training.CHAPTER 2 SECTION 6 OTP CRITIQUE 1. All inputs shall be forward to the D/SATCO using ESSAR 5 Format available on the Supervisors Computer in the TWR.
CHAPTER 3 PHASE TRAINING /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485.doc 17/25 .
CHAPTER 3 SECTION 1 GENERAL 1.Tower 1 day 3 training days 5 training days 5 training days TOTAL: 14 Duration (Max) Remarks 2.doc 18/25 . phase training is that period of time from initial introduction to training until rating.Coordinator Phase 3 . The remainder of this chapter will deal with training on a phase-by-phase basis.Ground Phase 3 . /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. The following table details the various phases and associated time periods: Phase Phase 1 – TOUR+ACADEMICS Phase 2 . As detailed in Chapter 2.
and handouts. and b. Aprons and RWY. briefings. the trainee will: a. FSO. Verification: To successfully complete Phase 1 the following is required: a. 7. In this Tour the Controllers will have a chance of meeting all the important agencies in KAIA(Air Ops. Procedure knowledge . In the end. b. KAIA LOPs. ATC Office. D/SATCO will arrange with FSO a TOUR in the CAMP (KAIA). They will also travel on the TWY’S. for a closer view of the airfield and its equipments. be familiar with the KAIA airport. class of airspace. Duration: 1 day. Phase 1 checklist must be complete. Agencies Involved and special procedures.(FSO) 2. FLIPS. Teaching points: a. Purpose: Phase 1 represents the initial portion of the rating process at Kabul. 6. a test will be done in order to acquire the Airport Drivers License. Standard: Upon completion of phase 1. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. It shall entail delivering/reviewing all ATC publications and gaining initial knowledge of the KAIA airspace and operation. Method: A combination of self-study. tours. 3. 4.The trainee will become more familiar with the KAIA CTR and aerodrome including dimensions. etc…). etc. adjacent airports.doc 19/25 . etc will be used to bring the trainee up to a level where he/she can gain training value from starting their training in the coordinator position. This time may also be used by the trainee to complete administration related to arrival at KAIA.Trainee will be expected to be familiar with various procedures that are in place at the ATC unit. radio frequencies. 5. Airspace knowledge .CHAPTER 3 SECTION 2 PHASE 1 – TOUR + ACADEMICS 1. CATO. References: All ATC publications. have a working knowledge of KAIA airspace.
7. 3. have a comprehensive knowledge of local procedures to be able to move into the Ground and Tower positions. 4.doc 20/25 . understand internal/external co-ordination procedures. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. b. completed the Phase 2 checklist. the trainee shall: a. Purpose: To give the trainee the skills and knowledge required to operate effectively in the coordinator position. and c. Verification: To successfully complete Phase 2 the trainee must a. Duration: 3 training days. 6. 2. and handouts. have a basic knowledge of KAIA's airspace. Method: Phase 2 consists of working the coordinator position with a qualified monitor until such time as the D/SATCO considers that the trainee has a good understanding of the rules and procedures for that position. Standard: Upon completion of phase 2.CHAPTER 3 SECTION 3 PHASE 2 – COORDINATOR POSITION 1. and b. 5. References: LOPs. FLIPS. perform coordinator duties without assistance from monitor. Teaching points: The trainee is responsible for all teaching points as outlined in the Tower Phase 2 checklist.
6. c. 4. and d. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. understand internal/external co-ordination procedures.CHAPTER 3 SECTION 4 PHASE 3 – GROUND CONTROL 1. 3. Teaching points: The trainee is responsible for all teaching points as outlined in the Tower Phase 3 checklist. Standard: Upon completion of phase 3.doc 21/25 . b. FLIPS. have a comprehensive knowledge about the KAIA aerodrome and the agencies using it. b. perform Ground control duties without assistance. 2. and handouts. 7. Method: Phase 3 consists of working the Ground control position with a qualified monitor until such time as D/SATCO considers that the trainee has a good understanding of the rules and procedures for that position. 5. have a comprehensive knowledge of local ground control procedures. Duration: 5 days. the trainee shall: a. completed the Phase 3 checklist. have a basic knowledge of KAIA's airspace and VFR/SVFR procedures. References: KAIA LOPs. Purpose: To give the trainee the skills and knowledge required to operate effectively in the Ground position. Verification: To successfully complete Phase 3 the trainee must a.
3. The checklist for this phase comprises teaching points to be briefed by the monitors. complete the Phase 4 checklist.doc 22/25 . Method: Phase 4 consists of controlling traffic in the Tower position with a rated monitor assisting. References: All ATC publications. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. Teaching points: The trainee is responsible for all teaching points as set out in the Phase 4 checklist. and c. Duration: 5 days. Standard: Upon completion of Phase 4. complete the Kabul Tower LKE.AERODROME 1.CHAPTER 3 SECTION 5 PHASE 4 . Purpose: Phase 4 is meant to provide the essential knowledge and skills for an individual to attain final rating at KAIA. the trainee shall have met the position standard as listed in Chapter 2 of this document. 4. and handouts. agree that he/she is ready for rating. FLIPS. The trainee will continue self-study of ATC publications. 2. Verification: To successfully complete Phase 4 the trainee must: a. 5. 7. 6. b.
Method: Phase 5 consists of individual training by D/SATCO regarding supervisor duties and responsibilities. the overall operation of the facility during their shift and maintains general awareness of air traffic. 14. coordinating with ANA for training flights. updating daily log 6. coordinating with Afghan Liaison/Air Ops/FSO/Rapcon for unusual situations related to civilian/military vehicles or aircrafts. 10. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. verifying notams and their applicability. updating ATIS 7. assigning personnel to each position (Local/GND/CD) 4.CHAPTER 3 SECTION 6 PHASE 5 – SUPERVISOR Tower Supervisor Training Minimums Previous Experience No Previous Experience > 3 years of Tower No experience (students) Tower Supervisor in OAKB Minimum time after being rated 1. coordinating with GDCC or Afghan Liaison in order to reduce or eliminate Jamming. position/equipment checklists 5. advising Satco/D. 3. 15 days Tower Supervisor elsewhere 45 days 3 months 3 years + 3months Purpose: Phase 5 is meant to provide the essential knowledge and skills for an individual to perform as a shift supervisor at KAIA.doc 23/25 . 8. the shift change procedures. collecting all pertinent information from the relieved Supervisor and ensure that his team gets that information. 15. logging out/in equipments 9. generator switch-over procedures 12. 11. filling incident/hazardous reports and forward them to FSO/SATCO. 16. 13.Satco for significant occurrences. Responsible for: 1. suspending operations if necessary. activating crash phone/icn in case of emergency. 2. 2.
21. 6. coordinating with AirOps for EOD/IED Procedures in reference to the actual traffic conditions. Verification: To successfully complete Phase 5 the controller must: a. the D/SATCO will approve the controller as a shift supervisor. complete the Phase 5 checklist.17. coordinating all military issues (mortar attack. serious base incident. 7. 22. Teaching points: The controller is responsible for all points as set out in the Phase 5 checklist and OTP Chapter 6 Point 2. /var/www/apps/conversion/current/tmp/scratch7243/86814485. Overall coordination regarding VVIP Procedures on Ramp 4(civilian) and Ramp 2(military). b. 3. Monitor the ATC Training and documentation. Position Assessment. etc…) with AirOps and GDCC. 4. Duration: At least 2days. 23. and handouts. Checking AirOps for the Code of the Week. References: All ATC publications. 18. coordinating UN de-mining in Progress/De-armed A/C with FSO 20.Checking Inbox on Supervisors Computer for new information related to flights and procedures. 19.doc 24/25 . 25. RWY Change Procedure. 5. 26. enforcing Evacuation Procedures as well as other Procedures available on the Supervisor Checklist. 24. using the Read-File or Supervisors Checklist. This information must be printed and make it available for other controllers. agree that he/she is ready to commence supervisory duties. Standard: Upon completion of Phase 5. FLIPS.
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