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APUS HISTORY FIRST SEMESTER STUDY GUIDE

DUE ________________

DIRECTIONS: You will be required to write an intro paragraph (including thesis statement) for each prompt within the Units of Study. In addition, create a three (3) column study guide titled; people, places, and terms. Next to each item, write a thought that is a definition or another thought that connects it to the general idea in one of the prompts. You will end up with one (1) thought per term on your study guide as well as an intro paragraphs per prompt (15 all together). UNIT ONE: Founding the New Nation, Chapters 1-8 Prompt #1: From the perspective of Native Americans, the Spanish and English Empires in America had more similarities than differences. Assess the validity of this generalization Prompt #2: In what ways was the Mayflower Compact a genuine step toward self government? Prompt#3: Explain the theory of mercantilism and the role it played in prompting Americans to rebel in 1776 Prompt #4: What were the causes and consequences of the American Declaration of Independence in 1776? Important Terms and People: Columbian Exchange Treaty of Tordesillas Popes Rebellion Moctezuma Christopher Columbus Francisco Coronado Francisco Pizarro Hernan Cortes Bartolome de las Casas John Cabot Robert De la Salle Junipero Serra John Calvin John Winthrop William Bradford Roger Williams William Berkeley Nathaniel Bacon Jonathon Edwards Phillis Wheatley William Pitt James Wolfe Benjamin Franklin Sir Edmond Andros The elect conversion covenant predestination Navigation Laws middle passage Indentured servants Primogeniture Halfway Covenant Molasses Act John Rolfe Dominion of New England Triangular Trade Proclamation of 1763 Act of Toleration John Smith John Adams George Grenville Baron von Steuben John Hancock George Washington Charles Cornwallis John Jay Thomas Jefferson Thomas Paine Patrick Henry William Howe Mercantilism boycott virtual representation Loyalists Common Sense No taxation actual representation Stamp Act Committees of correspondence Intolerable Acts Sugar Act Townshend Acts Treaty of Paris, 1783 Dec. of Independence Unit Two: Building the New Nation, Chapters 9-15 Prompt #1: To what extent did European events influence the course of American development between 1795 and 1810? Assess with respect to three of the following: XYZ Affair, Alien Sedition Acts, Louisiana Purchase, and Embargo of 1807. Prompt #2: Analyze the social changes that gave rise to mass democracy in the United States between 1820 and 1840? Include the roles of three of the following in this process: John Marshall, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, and William Henry Harrison. Prompt #3: Analyze the ways in which the transportation revolution (1820- 1860) affected economic relations amongst the Northwest, the South, and the West.

Prompt #4: In what ways were the movements of American religion, reform, and culture and out growth of the American Revolution and American Independence, and in what ways did they reflect the qualities of American life reaching back to the Puritans? Important Terms and People: Alexander Hamilton states rights bundle of compromises XYZ Affair Funding at par Judiciary Act of 1789 Meriwether Lewis James Madison John C. Calhoun Macons Bill No.2 midnight judges Monroe Doctrine Tallmadge Amendment Missouri Compromise John Tyler Ralph Waldo Emerson Walt Whitman Oliver Wendell Homes Knickerbocker Group corrupt bargain Whig Party James Madison consent of the governed Electoral College Bill of Rights implied powers William Clark Henry Clay John Quincy Adams Oliver Hazard Perry war hawks Marbury v. Madison Era of Good Feelings Tippecanoe Hartford Convention Henry David Thoreau Robert Owen Susan B. Anthony Hudson River School Second Great Awakening th 12 Amendment South Carolina Exposition Daniel Shays Citizen Genet Checks & balances Republicanism Great Compromise tariff nullification Alien and Sedition Acts Jay Treaty 10th Amendment Farewell Address Bank of US strict construction Excise tax James Monroe William Marbury Tecumseh Albert Gallatin Samuel Chase Aaron Burr John Marshall Andrew Jackson William Henry Harrison Daniel Webster Francis Scott Key James Fennimore Cooper impressments judicial review Louisiana Purchase Non-Intercourse Act Embargo Act Treaty of 1818 Tariff of 1816 nativism nd Panic of 1819 2 Bank of the US American System Bonus Bill of 1817 Martin Van Buren Nicholas Biddle Washington Irving Elizabeth Cady Stanton Dorothea Dix Brigham Young Joseph Smith Horace Mann Noah Webster Unitarianism Seneca Falls Mormons Burned-Over District transcendentalism Trail of Tears Tariff of Abominations Panic of 1837 Force Bill Specie Circular pet banks Divorce Bill cotton gin

Unit Three: Testing the New Nation, Chapters 16-22 Prompt #1: How and why was popular sovereignty proposed as a political doctrine and how well did it work in Kansas? Prompt #2: What geographic and strategic advantages did the south possess at the outset of the Civil War? Why were these not sufficient for it to prevail? Prompt #3: To what extent did the constitutional amendments ratified during Reconstruction (13th, 14th, 15th) bring political and economic equality to the former slaves by 1900? Important Terms and People Harriet Beecher Stowe William Lloyd Garrison William H. Seward abolitionism Clayton-Bulwer Treaty John C. Breckenridge Charles Francis Adams National Banking Act Morrill Tariff Act Harpers Ferry Clement Vallandigham Nat Turner Zachary Taylor Matthew C. Perry Kansas-Nebraska Act Fugitive Slave Law Jefferson Davis Clara Barton Trent Affair Lecompton Constitution Know-nothings George McClellan Frederick Douglass James Gadsden Cotton Kingdom Ostend Manifesto Liberty Laws Charles Sumner Edwin Stanton Draft Riots Bleeding Kansas Lincoln-Douglas Debates William Sherman Winfield Scott Franklin Pierce popular sovereignty Dred Scott Hinton R. Helper John Brown Laird Rams USS Alabama Union Party Panic of 1857 Robert Lee

Ulysses Grant George Meade Bull Run 10 percent Ex parte Milligan swing around the circle Wade-Davis Radical Republicans

Andrew Johnson Copperheads Merrimac Civil Rights Act carpetbaggers Force Acts KKK conquered provinces

Charles Sumner Antietam th 13 Amendment th 14 Amendment Freedmans Bureau Sewards Folly Black Codes

Thaddeus Stevens Gettysburg th 15 Amendment Military Reconstruction Act Sharecropping Tenure of Office Act Emancipation Proclamation

Unit Four: Forging an Industrial Society, Chapters 23-26 Prompt #1: Was the apparent failure of the American political system to address the industrial conflicts of the Gilded Age a result of the two parties poor leadership and narrow self interest, or was It simply the natural inability of a previously agrarian, local, democratic nation to face up to a modern, national industrial economy? Prompt #2: Analyze the part played by immigration in transforming the urban social fabric of the United States between 1870 and 1900. Prompt #3: Assess the roles played by 3 of the following in the social class conflicts that characterized the late nineteenth century: Tom Watson, W.E.B. Du Bois, Mary Harris Mother Jones, and Ida B Wells. Prompt #4: Analyze and explain the role played by railroads in the rapid economic growth of late nineteenth century. Important Terms and People Boss Tweed Black Friday Horace Greeley Hard vs. Soft $$ Compromise of 1877 Big Four Pendleton Act McKinley Tariff Wilson-Gorman Tariff Social Darwinism Knights of Labor Tuskegee Institute Joseph Pulitzer William McKinley Bloody Shirt Samuel Tilden Tammany Hall Stalwarts Civil Rights Cases Plessy v Ferguson ICC Homestead Strike Homestead Act, 2862 Sherman Anti- Trust Act Samuel Gompers NAWSA Dawes Severalty Act Mark Hanna Transcontinental RR Credit Mobilier Greenbacks Half-breeds J.D. Rockefeller J. Garfield Mugwumps Populists Wabash Case Monopolies Populists Booker T. Washington Gold Standard Act US Grant W. Belknap Gilded Age Jim Crow JP Morgan C. Arthur G. Cleveland Pinkertons Gospel of Wealth Immigration Chinese Exclusion Act William R. Hearst bimetallism