Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error (Giri Mandalika'...

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Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error
By Giri Mandalika on Nov 21, 2008 (Crossposting the 2+ year old blog entry from my other blog hosted on blogger. Source URL: http://technopark02.blogspot.com/2006/09/solaris-10oracle-fixing-ora-27102-out.html) Symptom: As part of a database tuning effort you increase the SGA/PGA sizes; and Oracle greets with an ORA-27102: out of memory error message. The system had enough free memory to serve the needs of Oracle.
SQL> startup ORA-27102: out of memory SVR4 Error: 22: Invalid argument

Diagnosis
$ oerr ORA 27102 27102, 00000, "out of memory" // \*Cause: Out of memory // \*Action: Consult the trace file for details

Not so helpful. Let's look the alert log for some clues.
% tail -2 alert.log WARNING: EINVAL creating segment of size 0x000000028a006000 fix shm parameters in /etc/system or equivalent

https://blogs.oracle.com/mandalika/entry/oracle_on_solaris_10_fixing

03-03-2012

shmsys:shminfo_shmmax parameter has to be set in /etc/system with maximum memory segment value that can be created. On a Solaris 10 (or later) system. the solution is to configure the system with a value large enough for the shared segment being created. it can be verified as shown below: % prtconf | grep Mem Memory size: 32760 Megabytes % id -p uid=59008(oracle) gid=10001(dba) projid=3(default) % prctl -n project.0GB deny system 16. https://blogs.max-shm-memory privileged 7. Hence the failure.. it can be done by adding the following line to /etc/system. So.max-shm-memory privileged 10. this value can be changed dynamically on a per project basis with the help of resource control facilities .0EB max deny RECIPIENT - Note that changes made with the prctl command on a running system are temporary.84GB deny system 16. There is a little hint about setting shm parameters in /etc/system.com/mandalika/entry/oracle_on_solaris_10_fixing 03-03-2012 . This is how we do it on Solaris 10 and later: % prctl -n project. Prior to Solaris 10. 8M is the default value on Solaris 9 and prior versions. where as 1/4th of the physical memory is the default on Solaris 10 and later.. create a project with projadd command and associate it with the user account as shown below: % projadd -p 3 -c 'eBS benchmark' -U oracle -G dba % usermod -K project=OASB oracle -K 'project. and will be lost when the system is rebooted. On Solaris 10 and later.max-shm-memory -i project 3 project: 3: default NAME PRIVILEGE VALUE FLAG ACTION project. set shminfo_shmmax = 0x000000028a006000 However shminfo_shmmax parameter was obsoleted with the release of Solaris 10.max-shm-memory -i project 3 project: 3: default NAME PRIVILEGE VALUE FLAG ACTION project.Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error (Giri Mandalika'. where as the application (Oracle) is trying to create a memory segment (10G) larger than 8G. so Oracle succeeds in starting up the database instance. Page 2 of 10 Oracle is trying to create a 10G shared memory segment (depends on SGA/PGA sizes). On Solaris 9 and prior releases. and Sun doesn't recommend setting this parameter in /etc/system even though it works as expected. To make the changes permanent. followed by a reboot for the system to pick up the new value.max-shm-memory -r -v 10G -i project 3 % prctl -n project.max-shm-memory= Finally make sure the project is created with projects -l or cat /etc/project commands.oracle. but operating system (Solaris in this example) responded with an invalid argument (EINVAL) error message.0EB max deny RECIPIENT - Now it is clear that the system is using the default value of 8G in this scenario.

SQL> startup ORACLE instance started. OASB projid : comment: users : groups : attribs: 3 "eBS benchmark" oracle dba project. # Recommended Oracle RAC system params ndd -set /dev/udp udp_xmit_hiwat 65536 ndd -set /dev/udp udp_recv_hiwat 65536 https://blogs. the CRS process starts the DB and it is a root owned process and root does not use the default project... Oracle would start the database up normally.max-shm-memory=(privileged.. I'm pasting the comment as is (Disclaimer: I have not verified these settings): Thanks for a great explanation..0905E+10 bytes Fixed Size 1316080 bytes Variable Size 4429966096 bytes Database Buffers 6442450944 bytes Redo Buffers 31457280 bytes Database mounted.. OASB:3:eBS benchmark:oracle:dba:project. . Total System Global Area 1. 5. 2. I would like to add one comment that will help those with an Oracle RAC installation.crs script fires.. 3.. Database opened.deny) % cat /etc/project . Modifying the default project covers oracle processes great and is all that is needed for a single instance DB.max-shm-memory=(privileged. In RAC however...10737418240.Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error (Giri Mandalika'. . To fix ORA-27102 issue for RAC I added the following lines to an init script that runs before the init. Page 3 of 10 % projects -l .deny) With these changes. 4. What's New in Solaris System Tuning in the Solaris 10 Release? Resource Controls (overview) System Setup Recommendations for Solaris 8 and Solaris 9 Man page of prctl(1) Man page of projadd Addendum : Oracle RAC settings Anonymous Bob suggested the following settings for Oracle RAC in the form of a comment for the benefit of others who run into similar issue(s) when running Oracle RAC. Related information: 1..oracle.10737418240.com/mandalika/entry/oracle_on_solaris_10_fixing 03-03-2012 .

max-shm-ids -r -v 512 -i project system # For oracle processes like sqlplus prctl -n project.... 2009 at 04:35 AM PDT # tnx Posted by Evgeny on March 18. » Comments: Good. | Main | PeopleSoft on Solari. How can I setup it up that way? Regards.max-shm-memory -r -v 8G -i project default prctl -n project.oracle... which is already configured.. 2008 at 11:00 PM PST # Hi.com/mandalika/entry/oracle_on_solaris_10_fixing 03-03-2012 . When I do a ps -ef |grep oracle withy Project details .Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error (Giri Mandalika'.This doc helped me.max-shm-ids -r -v 512 -i project default So simple yet it took me a week working with Oracle and SUN to come up with that answer. I see it running with user.max-shm-memory -r -v 8G -i project system prctl -n project... 2008 Category: Solaris Tags: opensolaris ora-27102 oracle solaris sun troubleshooting Permanent link to this entry « Yet Another Siebel. 2009 at 02:49 AM PST # Thanks a lot for this blog.Hope that helps someone out..helped me solve a critical issue!! ~Kaushik Posted by Kaushik Sethna on March 06. April 25.. vijaykumar Kammar Posted by vijay on December 22.. Page 4 of 10 # For root processes like crsd prctl -n project.. Bob # posted by Blogger Bob : 6:48 AM.helped me solve a critical issue!! Posted by seo on March 09. I had one more question. I have a 3 node cluster . Thanks a lot for this blog.oracle instead of the default system project. 2009 at 10:41 PM PDT # https://blogs.

it worked.Oracle central instance and it wasn't going well.oracle.2147483648. Very informative and easy to follow. 2009 at 04:13 AM PDT # So Sun. Posted by Ian on August 12. but I edited the file /etc/project as following.max-shm-memory -r -v 8G -i project default prctl: default: No controllable process found in task.deny) Posted by Jason Wang on July 20. Thanks. This article is written in very precise manner and we could solve our problem.com/mandalika/entry/oracle_on_solaris_10_fixing 03-03-2012 . Page 5 of 10 We were struggling with the same problem for two days.00# prctl -n project. Brilliant. How does a change like this even get approved? Lets take a simple. or zone. Thanks much! Posted by Rick on April 21. 2009 at 09:49 PM PDT # good doc Posted by Babu on June 07. 2009 at 02:42 PM PDT # Thanks this blog. I was trying to install an SAP . took a process where all one had to do was edit one file and replaced it with this debacle? No wonder the company died. https://blogs. one step process and replace it with projects..max-shm-memory=(privileged. 2009 at 04:11 AM PDT # Thanks for such a good and concise article Regards Lanto Posted by Lanto RAZAKALALAO on April 27. but I found there have some issue when set default project: bash-3. 2009 at 04:33 PM PDT # Thank you for this great blog. zone1 oracle $ cat /etc/project system:0:::: user. in its infinite wisdom.Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error (Giri Mandalika'. took a process where all one had to do was edit one file and replaced it with this debacle? No wonder the company died.. project. 2009 at 01:10 PM PDT # So Sun. multiple settings and even more commands with untold flags that one has to know. Posted by Tanweer Khan on April 07. in its infinite wisdom. Thanks for such a nice article.root:1:::: noproject:2:::: default:3::::project.

com/mandalika/entry/oracle_on_solaris_10_fixing 03-03-2012 .com http://www. 2010 at 11:42 AM PST # Hi. My OS is solaris 10. But.deny privileged 60.com Posted by louis vuitton on November 18. Avin..max-shm-memory privileged 20. 2009 at 03:11 PM PST # I'm running into trouble using the projmod commands to set max-shm-memory for a group above 16GB. i got a out of memory error.deny system 16.oracle NAME PRIVILEGE VALUE FLAG ACTION RECIPIENT project.. While i try to install the Oracle 10g. 2010 at 08:14 AM PDT # I was very impressed with this article. 2011 at 04:01 AM PST # This post helped to solve critical issue. And i have set the max-shm-memory to 12GB. and my memory size is 16GB. 2011 at 10:30 AM PDT # hi. 2011 at 08:46 PM PST # One of the best article that ever been written on DBA stuff. 2011 at 07:03 AM PST # impresive!!!!! it helps for our problem. Page 6 of 10 http://www.gifico..> prctl -n project. after many days after that activity. today when I checked the output of --.lv-cheap. and went successfuly.i met the same problem as u.oracle. This is really a nice post and helped me "help" my sys-admins to increase the parameter value. Will using -x resolve this ?? Or any better idea how can I resolve this ?? Posted by Jitu Keshwani on January 23.. Posted by Avin on November 17.0GB .. Is there a hard-cap on project memory of which I should be aware? Posted by Aaron Long on May 20.Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error (Giri Mandalika'. Thanks Mohan Posted by guest on July 12. Still get the same problem https://blogs. First go off the bat and the DBA could start the DB`s Regards. My system memory is 64GB.0EB max deny Now it's not allowing me to increase oracle sga size greater than 20G. great blog.. Posted by raj on February 09.0GB .max-shm-memory -i project 100 project: 100: user. Thank you! Posted by esmael on January 24.

Either way works. I lowered the size allocation on the dbca config panel to a more reasonable size.Oracle on Solaris 10 : Fixing the 'ORA-27102: out of memory' Error (Giri Mandalika'. It defaults to a very very large size (27GB in my case).. SBL-GEN-03006: Error calling function: DICFindTable m_pReqTbl https://blogs. Troubleshooting...oracle. HOW-TOs. Tips. Page 7 of 10 Posted by guest on August 29.com/mandalika/entry/oracle_on_solaris_10_fixing 03-03-2012 . Posted by guest on September 29. The views expressed in this blog are my own and do not necessarily reflect the views of Oracle. Rather than change my system config using this article. Search Enter search term: Search only this blog Recent Posts • • • • • • Oracle RDBMS & Solaris : Few Random Tips (Feb 2012) Solaris Tip: How-To Identify Memory Mapped Files Unwanted Software Installers Oracle Application Testing Suite (OATS): Few Tips & Tricks Solaris Tip: Resolving "statd: cannot talk to statd at <target_host>. 2011 at 05:08 PM PDT # Post a Comment: • Name: guest • E-Mail: • URL: • Notify me by email of new comments • Remember Information? • Your Comment: • HTML Syntax: NOT allowed • Please answer this simple math question 1 + 23 = • About Preview Post Benchmark announcements. RPC: Timed out(5)" Siebel Troubleshooting : An ODBC error occurred. 2011 at 02:03 PM PDT # Its directly related to the memory size allocated on the configuration panel.

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