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About Technopedia

It is said that success is founded on twenty percent inspiration and eighty percent perspiration. It is also said that you become what you eat. The technical equivalent is that "You become what you surround yourself with". In this 21st century while many advanced technology has been emerging day by day, this is important that we should stay connect with latest news headlines for having regular tech news updates. Well, nowadays it is very vital that we should stay connected with these sorts of news articles because this could lead us for better technical understanding. In this world while we are using mobile phones, laptops and many other technologies for making our life even better, simultaneously it is also important that we should stay aware of its potential and its functionality so that we could use it for better things. Well, if you look deeply into this then you can realize it that these news updates are very vital, so if you are wondering to stay acquainted with tech news updates then head on to our TECHNOPEDIA for headlines for technical stuffs. You can find many gadget reviews, app reviews and services information etc from this website. In today's high tech world it is unsurprising that so many areas of commerce and life depend upon technology and subsequently, any news in these fields is of vital importance to even the lay reader. Technology news is so important that many news websites have created dedicated pages purely to report on technological developments. A well thought out and regularly published newsletter will give our College the unique experience of getting to expand the students Technical knowledge and, more importantly, give people a chance to get to know our College. Thus TECHNOPEDIA, is a combination of a Technical E-Newsletter & our Student Activities Forum of Computer/IT Department. The importance of technology in communications is probably where news is most important. As one of the fastest developing industries in the world, communications has the potential to change our lives unimaginably. Already the mobile phone has revolutionized the way we live and communicate and hence many want to be well informed when a new technology arrives. If you believe all the news stories have to say, in the future we will be living in a world without manual labor.

OUR APPROACH
Advise: We help analyze the challenges Students face and develop appropriate responses. Implement:
We implement and manage technological, organizational, and management solutions, often based on the results of our organizational services.

Improve:
We help Students increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their activities through program evaluation, continuous improvement initiatives, performance management, benchmarking, and other analyses.

Our Editorial Board


From the HODs Pen:Chhotubhai Gopalbhai Institute of Technology (CGPIT) ,Uka Tarsadia University (UTU) has excelled in all directions due to endless efforts of Management, The Director, Faculty Members, Supporting Staff and most important the students. We, the faculty members and students of Computer Engineering and Information Technology department have decided many milestones to accomplish. By preparing newsletter of department we reached at first milestone, still many to reach. We are sure that with better planning and sincere efforts we will achieve all. This is possible due to the team work and genuine efforts by one and all. I, on behalf of Computer and IT Departments heartily congratulate all the team members who directly and indirectly involved in this effort. I hoped such participation from all will be continued also in the future. Devendra Thakor HOD, Computer-IT Department CGPIT.

From the Chief Editors Pen:A journey of thousand miles begins with a single step. The budding new generation of CGPITians has very rightly justified this saying. CGPIT comes out with new innovations all through the year. We all are aware of the varied co-curricular that are held from time to time in this prestigious college. Adding one more feather to its crown is the combination of Technical Newsletter & Student Activities Forum of Computer & IT Department, TECHNOPEDIA. The Newsletter is a matter of pride for all of us & we hope this tradition will be followed in following years for all the department of CGPIT. CGPIT has started flourishing in real senses these following years. Im pleased to observe the tremendous growth that the college is making & I hope that the College First Newsletter has been able to bring all the students of CGPIT on a common platform where they can put across their talents & realize their ambitions. I congratulate the team of Technopedia & everyone who has contributed towards the making of the Newsletter. Hope you all relish this Newsletter. Im delighted to be a part of CGPIT which is flooded with enthusiastic activities all year round. Be it academics, sports or cultural events, Im proud to say that CGPIT always has had a lead. The students have been able to demonstrate their super qualities in out of National events. It feels great to see the Colleges Technical Newsletter coming out first time this year. Im happy & congratulate for such a marvelous work done. I am really very happy that the CESA has decided to publish the Newsletter. It basically acts as a mirror for CGPIT & helps us in looking at the images created by us during the year. It is a medium through which the students of CE/IT bring on to surface their hidden expressions & literary skills & reveal achievements of the students & faculty members. It will also motivate the students & Teachers of various departments. It will increase interaction between the students of various departments, thereby uniting to communicate with the city. Best wishes to all the students in successfully bringing out their thoughts & appreciations through this magazine. Nikunj C Gamit Asst. Prof. CGPIT

From the Student team of Technopedia ..


We, the members of the team are delighted as we present Technopedia to you. CGPIT is rich with tradition & achievements. Its less of a place & more of a culture of which we are the basic elements. We bring excitement, share dreams & ideas, explore new ventures & thus help expand the horizons of our own & everyones perception. And basically Technopedia has tried to reflect all of it. This was the prime motive of our team & we were at pinnacle of our Endeavour. We dont know how far we succeed in our attempt, but this newsletter in your hand is our sincere effort to ensure that it represents a panorama of all activities of the CE/IT department & that it brings to the imagination of the reader our culture & multidimensional activities. One of the greatest joys in creating this was been working with people, as a team. And this is an unbiased opinion of all team members. Without the unfettered, unhindered support, without the graciousness, inspiration and wisdom of one & all in team, this newsletter would not have been possible. This newsletter has been a essentially labor of will & strong passion. More than our duty, it is love for our college and a spirit of team work that has propelled us into putting our all into it. We are thankful to all our colleagues for overwhelming us with their meticulous news articles & specially designing was a clear indication of the interest level. Unfortunately constraints of space & due to our striving to maintain a high quality of writing, many students efforts had to be over looked. But this is our sincere urge to keep up the outstanding work in the coming future. We, as a team, have thoroughly enjoyed bringing out this magazine. We hope you as much pleasure reading it as we had bringing to you. Setting ambitious goals & realizing them are different things. But we, as a team have indeed realized the ambitious goal that it had set for itself. 3 years in this institute equips us not only with specific knowledge but also with a truer ethical compass, a deeper sense of social responsibility, and a more passionate engagement in the multi-faceted world around us. As the Newsletter editor it was a dream come true, to see the first copy of Newsletter out of the printing Machine. A deep sigh & a thank you note to the almighty, for paying us generously for the hard work undertaken by us. I would like to thank & congratulate our team for the ravishing work done. I hope that readers have a good time reading this. Its not just a newsletter. It is the result of weeks of selfless dedication, hard work, sleepless nights, and tireless efforts of each & every member of the team. Without their valuable help this would be not possible. I hope each & everyone savors the flavors of technews Technopedia Team CGPIT.

Special Thanks to Following Students Participated in Technopedia ..


Vaghani Dharmesh Chovatiya Mayur Sonani Kaushik Nakum Chetan Shankar Ritesh Vashi Smit Modi Devang Patel Chaitali Desai Sunny Patel Jaimik Popatia Aftab Mistry Priyank Parmar Abhijit Desai Drushti Shah Ishani Champaneria Pooja Chodavadiya Jaydeep Mistry Bhavin Sakhareleeya Kalpesh

About our College


Surat is the most industrialized city in the state of Gujarat today. It is well known all over the world for its diamonds, jari and manmade textiles. Situated on the banks of the river Tapi, it is the fastest growing industrial city in the country. Besides this, it is also fast emerging as the source of dyes, chemicals and intermediates, textile machinery, plastic technology as well as agro-based industries. This attracts skilled, semiskilled and unskilled workmen from all over the country. The demand for facilities of higher education grew rapidly. Chhotubhai Gopalbhai Patel Institute of Technology is one among the self financed college & is a leading institute offering multi disciplinary undergraduate programmes in engineering. The institute was GTU affiliated and was established during June 2009.The institute was affiliated to Gujarat Technology University till 2011. Thereafter, it has become a constituent of the Uka Tarsadia University. Our college has successfully ventured into the establishment of deemed university. At Chhotubhai Gopalbhai Patel Institute of Technology, quality education is more than a philosophy; it is the very essence of its existence. CGPITs motto (dhyan mantra) Gyanam Vignan Sahitam is part of the first sloka (stanza) of the ninth Adhyaya (Chapter) of Srimad Bhagwat Gita. Dr. S Radhakrishnan, the philosopher president of India had suggested that this could be the aim of education. It can be translated as Knowledge with Wisdom- knowledge is acquired while wisdom is experiential and intuitive. CGPIT aim to prepare students who will acquire the requisite knowledge in a specific discipline, but temper its application with wisdom. CGPIT foresight to get talented engineers in field of Computer engineering, Information technology, Electronics and communication, Civil engineering, Mechanical engineering, Automobile engineering Faculties are dedicated to provide the students global business capabilities required for success. The learning experience will be influenced by the most recent developments in the field and delivered by experienced teachers and experts from the field. Apart from regular lectures and practicals, CGPIT arranges various seminars and guest lectures in the respective disciplines to fill the gap between the Industry and the Education. Foundation's activities include working closely with communities to promote local culture and social upliftment through education aimed at enhancing the sound development of the students through Qualitative Education. The Foundation ensures that the students have every opportunity to grow up sound and strong both in mind and body through the skillful training during the course of studies. As a result, a student can establish himself/herself in the society and the country with aiming to have business/service etc. in his/her life. CGPITS holistic development policy1. To develop a spirit of inquiry and achieve Academic Excellence. 2. To inculcate a sense of discipline and character. 3. To develop a spirit of Social Commitment. 4. To promote a Culture of Peace in the society. 5. To build a strong Industry-Institute Interface.

Higher education stands for humanism and for adventure of ideas through constant research. If these functions are performed well, then it is well with the nation and the people. Students of CGPIT are well equipped with the necessary tools required for expanding their knowledge and have practical implementations. Various faculties have specialization in field like networking, network security, image processing, privacy preserving, remote sensing, etc. Also some of the lecturers are pursuing their M.Tech degree. The entire faculty is kind hearted and very supportive to the students to help them clear their queries and help to complete their projects.

Industry Relations
Industry relation is one of the most vibrant activities at Institute. For strengthening the said purpose and to establish to provide close links with industries, Placement Cell was started. The purpose of the cell is to find out the gap between need of the industry and end product of the institute. The cell is the bridge between the industry, the real world and the institute. One of the objectives is also to offer programmes fulfilling the needs of continuing education of the industrial personnel. The cell is also focused to provide the real time experience to the students vide continuously supporting them in placing them for industrial trainings & projects. We believe in developing programmes, which provides solutions to real world problems with a strong desire of forging innovative alliance with industry to achieve synergy. The Cell imparts benefits to all components like students, faculty, institute and industry by interacting closely with the industries. Students are exposed to the real world and learn the needs of their future career. Industry exposure of faculty is very much helpful to guide students about latest industrial practices. Industries are able to know recent developments and inventions in their fields and implement projects for technologically driven economy.

About Shrimad Rajchandra


Raychandbhaiv Ravajibhai Mehta, popularly known as Shrimad Rajchandra by his followers, was a prominent Jain philosopher. His full name was Shri Raichandbhai Ravjibhai Mehta, and he belonged to a well-known merchant community. His father's name was Ravjibhai, and his mother's was Devabai. He was brought up in Jain religious traditions. In his short life span he had entertained all the thought-forms of powerful saints and philosophers. He was born on November 9, 1867 in Vavania Bandar, India, and left His body on April 9, 1901 in Rajkot, India. He is especially notable for being "a guide and helper" to Mahatma Gandhi. Shrimad Rajchandra played alone. He always had a strong desire to be victorious, but he had no attachment to wearing clothes, selection of good food, and etc. Also in his early childhood, he was a pet student of his school as well as of his village. Then from ages seven to eleven Shrimad Rajchandra had devoted his life to studies. But before his studies, he possessed all the knowledge of his previous births, which is called JatiSmaranaGnan. It is at this time that he was full of affection and natural sympathy towards all around him. He also began to indulge in the Jain scriptures. Then within two years of school, at the age of nine and half, he had already mastered the study of seven standers. During these two years, at age eight he wrote five thousand stanzas, and then at age nine he composed Ramayana and Mahabharata in verse. In 33 years of life, He not only attained liberation Himself, but was also instrumental in the liberation of many others. His preachings have been compiled in an invaluable text titled, Shrimad Rajchandra, which even today, continues to quench the thirst of true seekers.

Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhiji was introduced to Shrimad Rajchandra by Dr. Pranjivandas Mehta. Gandhiji was amazed to see Shrimads extraordinary powers and used to meet him often. In his autobiography, Gandhiji writes I never saw him lose his state of equipoise. There was no business or other selfish tie that bound him to me and yet I enjoyed the closest association with him. Whenever I saw him, he would engage me in conversation of a seriously religious nature. Though I was then groping and could not have said to have any serious interest in serious discussion, still I found his talk of absorbing interest. I have since met many a religious leader or teacher. I have tried to meet the heads of various faiths and I must say that no one else has ever made on me the impression that Raichandbhai did. His words went straight home to me. His intellect compelled as great a regard from me as his moral earnestness and deep down in me was the conviction that he would never willingly lead me astray and would always confide to me his innermost thoughts. In my moment of spiritual crisis, therefore, he was my refuge.

About our Group CESA


Overview
The Computer Engineering Students Association (CESA) is a collaboration of all the Computer Engineering students of the college. It unites all the students to participate and contribute towards the activities organized by the all three year students of the Computer Engineering field. Computer engineering is a discipline that combines both electronics engineering and computer science. A Computer engineer usually trains in electronics engineering, software design and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronics engineering. He is involved in many aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture. The Computer Society of India is a non-Profit professional meet to exchange views and information learn and share ideas. The wide spectrum of members is committed to the advancement of the theory and practice of Computer Engineering and Technology Systems, Science and Engineering, Information Processing and related Arts and Sciences. The Society also encourages and assists professionals to maintain the integrity and competence of the profession and fosters a sense of partnership amongst members. Besides the activities held at the Chapters and Student Branches, the Society also conducts periodic conferences, seminars, etc.

Scope
The Association strives to advance the theory, practice, and application of computer and information processing science and technology and maintains a high professional standard among its members. It promotes cooperation and exchange of technical information among its members, and to this end, holds various seminars and workshops, and, through its organization and other appropriate means, provides for the needs of its members. The students societies are the pivot around which the extra-curricular activities of the Institute revolve and play a significant role in the Institute life of the students. They serve as an important adjunct to course work also since it sponsors lectures by eminent engineers, debates, competitions, general knowledge quiz, essay competitions and various programmes and, in general, stimulate interest in the diverse spheres of a students life including games and sports. It provides ample opportunities for the students to develop their abilities in fine arts by conducting music competitions, dramatics, etc. This encourages emotional integration amongst students to a very great extent.

Main Aims and Objectives


To promote disciplined corporate, intellectual, civic and cultural life amongst students. To foster activities to bring out the creative talent of the students. To promote study (including discussion) of subjects of national and international importance. To encourage amongst students, awareness of the responsibilities of an individual in democratic society. To promote social service activities. To know the latest developments.

Student Development Programmes


To equip students with 21st century skills, our Institute is organizing various Personality Development Programmes which are conducted by Globarena. Also seminars were held on Personality Development conducted by Himanshu Joshi which was beneficial to students for developing their self confidence and helped to improved their communication skills and discard the phobia of failure. Seminar based on personality development was conducted by Tathastu to discard phobia and to be courageous to face the difficult and challenging situation. Training and placement talks were held in campus by director Jatin Desai which helped the students to clear out the dilemma about their carrier. Also a Placement Committee had been formed to keep track of various Industries for placements for a brighter carrier of students. Seminar on Training and placement was held by AVIVA Life Insurance Pvt Ltd. Various Industrial Visits in various Departments like CE/IT, Automobile, Civil was conducted & many other is been proposed. In order to achieve the expectations of society not only producing good engineer to produce Good & valuable citizen a variety of tools are adopted for teaching & learning. They include Lectures, Laboratory work, Tutorials, Home Assignments, Seminars, Workshops, Guest Lectures, Field visits, & Project Work. The Institute uses a host of pedagogic tools ranging from lectures, discussions, seminars, industrial visits, etc. to enhance the effectiveness of the total teaching learning process. The highlights of the approach adopted, Rigorous coaching & continuous evaluation. Integrated approach to functional areas through assignments and presentations. Academic rigour and innovative pedagogical tools. Emphasis on field based projects and interaction with practitioners. Faculty guidance and advisory system with Faculty as Counselors to students. Continues enhancement of Communication Skills. Computer training. Continuous upgradation of state of the art knowledge and skills of technical education. Active participation of students in creative co-curricular activities.

A glance at various Student Development Programmes: MIND POWER WORKSHOP conducted by TATHASTU Personality Development Programme conducted by HIMANSHU JOSHI Training & Placement Programme conducted by GLOBARENA Training & Placement Seminar conducted by Branch Manager of AVIVA LIFE INSURANCE PVT. LTD. Seminar on JAVA conducted by TOPS Technologies. Spoken Tutorial Workshop on LINUX, LATEX, & PYTHON conducted by IIT-Bombay. ETHICAL HACKING workshop conducted by SUNNY VAGHELA. SOCIAL MEDIA WORKSHOP conducted by iwillstudy.com LINUX & OPEN SOURCE TECHNOLOGY workshop conducted by iwillstudy.com ETHICAL HACKING seminar conducted by ANKIT FADIA. We had our College Cultural Festival namely AKS. We had our College Technical Festival namely SCICLONE

Lets Explore The World


Smartphone Shipments Overtake Client PCs in 2011 For The First Time Ever
The year 2011 marked a beginning of an important trend in mobile computing. Smartphone shipments topped PCs for the first time ever last year, by 73 million units, according to figures published by research firm Canalys. The total global shipments of smart phones for the whole of 2011 were 487.7 million units, up 63% on the 299.7 million smart phones shipped throughout 2010. By comparison, the global client PC market grew 15% in 2011 to 414.6 million units, with 274% growth in pad shipments. Pads accounted for 15% of all clients PC shipments in 2011.

The Text SMS Turns 19 Years Old


According to Wikipedia, the first SMS text message was sent over the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom on 3 December 1992, from a man named Neil Papworth using a personal computer to Richard Jarvis of Vodafone using an Orbitel 901 handset. The text of the message was Merry Christmas. The technology behind the SMS text is 27-years old, having first been developed in the Franco-German GSM cooperation in 1984 by Friedhelm Hillebrand and Bernard Ghillebaert. It was then, eight years later, that the Merry Christmas text was sent.

Pulse rate as Password!!!!!


Now, security system that uses your pulse rate as password. Researchers have come up with a security system, which recognizes a persons heartbeat as a password. The new technology offers hope of electronics, which people could simply pick up to unlock them. Human heartbeats never quite repeat themselves, and each persons heartbeat is unique. Chinese researchers have discovered a way to mathematically identify a persons beat in an instant and use it as a password.Because electrocardiogram signals vary from person to person, and can be used as a new tool for biometric recognition, the Daily Mail quoted researchers at the National Chung Hsing University in Taichung, Taiwan. Lead researcher Chun-Liang Lin used two ECG readings from peoples palms to determine the distinctive mathematical properties of their heartbeat. They found that the number could be used as a password and that the system is extremely secure.

Touchphones in pockets
Soon, touchscreen that works inside your pockets. Researchers have developed a prototype for a touch screen that can allow its users to send text messages even when it is kept inside a jacket or pants pocket. The stealthy screen works when it is touched through the fabric, whether it is silk, cotton or even thick fleece. In classes on meetings of the future, with your hands tucked underneath the conference table or desk, the user may rest a fingertip tactfully on the pocket that holds the touch screen and handle a call by tracing a message like Running late. The technology, called PocketTouch, is the brainchild of Microsoft researchers Scott Saponas and HrvojeBenko with Chris Harrison, a PhD student at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The prototype uses sensors similar to those used in most touch screens, and is mounted on the back of a smartphone case. Its a way to send short messages when it is not socially appropriate to fish out your device, he said, or in many other instances when people simply don''t want to go to the trouble of removing a device from a pocket. On the contrary, PocketTouch calibrates continuously, adapting to different kinds of fabrics.

Samsung Vs Apple
The Steve Jobs Death impacts on Samsung and Apple war Opportunities for Samsung after death of Steve Jobs The death of Apple founder Steve Jobs was very influential in making the iPhone, iPod and iPad. This is a tremendous opportunity for its main rivals, especially Samsung to beat Apple. Intelligence and creativity influence the fate of Apples Steve Jobs. Death of the inspiration of Apple at the age of 56 years raises a lot of speculation about Appleschances in the competition for the gadget. As a technology analyst, Im sorry for his death. This is the Jobs of Apple, not Apples Jobs, said Kim Young-chan, an analyst at Shinhan Investment, Seoul, as stated by Yahoo News, Friday on October 10th 2011. The CEO of Apples rivals, such as, Amazon, Sony, Google and even Samsung Electronics offered condolences over the death of their most powerful rival. Apple no further has an inventive and striving person similar to Jobs and they always entice on it, said Simon Liu, deputy investment officer of Polaris Groups finance section. In Asia, even in the world, sales of Samsung are strongly related to Apples sales. They compete with each other. Analysts said Samsung is one of Apples competitors that very tough, they both dominate the tablet market. Samsung manufactures Galaxy Tab, and we know that the Galaxy is the closest competitor of the iPad in terms of technology and sales. But there are things that are less known to the general public, that Apple has always been the largest customer through the salesof Samsungs mobile chip and the display screen. This show the two brands are also working behind the scenes. Cooperation and competition has made the two into a global brand in the last decade. But this cooperation has also produced a prolonged dispute. Lee Seung-woo, technology Shinyoung Securities analyst, said Apple has transformed the diligence, but its market diffusion will be diminished in the absence of Jobs as a source of corporate creativity. Without Jobs, Apples rivals now have some opportunity for more advanced and companies like Google, Samsung, Microsoft and Facebook will try to fill that market, concluded Lee. This war was started by Steve Jobs, after sued to Samsung But unfortunately; initiator is no more with Apple now. Samsung has chance to improve in absent of Steve Jobs. Time will tell us about who is loser and who gainer is. Important thing is that during this war, both would lose so many things in corporate level and business market.

10 Dangerous Viruses in Computer History


Computer viruses have a relatively short history, but the damages caused by some of them pushed cyber-experts to opening a new chapter on computer viruses. Some viruses led to serious damages and affected a large number of companies, universities and even governments. Here are some of the most dangerous computer viruses in history: (1) Jerusalem - 1987 This is one of the first MS-DOS viruses in history that caused enormous destructions, affecting many countries, universities and companies worldwide. On Friday 13, 1988the computer virus managed to infect a number of institutions in Europe, America and the Middle East. (2) Morris (a.k.a. Internet Worm) -November 1988 This computer virus infected over 6,000computer systems in the United States, including the famous NASA research Institute, which for some time remained completely paralyzed. Due to erratic code, the worm managed to send millions of copies of itself to different network computers, being able to entirely paralyze all network resources. The virus could also pick user passwords. (3) Solar Sunrise - 1998 (4) Melissa - 1999 For the first time computers got acknowledged with Melissa computer virus on March 26, 1999, when the virus shutdown the Internet mail system , which got blocked with e-mails infected by the worm.

(5) I Love You - May 2000 Using a similar method as the Melissa, the computer virus dubbed "I Love You" managed to infect millions of computers around the world overnight. Just like Melissa this computer virus sent passwords and usernames, which were stored on the attacked computers, back to the developer of the virus. After authorities traced the virus they found that a young Filipino student was behind the attack. (6) The Code Red worm - July 2001 This 21st century computer virus managed to penetrate tens of thousands of systems that ran Microsoft Windows NT and Windows 2000 server software (7) Nimda - 2001 Shortly after the September 11 tragedy this computer virus infected hundreds of thousands of computers worldwide. Nimda was considered to be one of the most complicated viruses, having 5 different methods of infecting computers systems and being able to duplicate it. (8) Downadup - 2009 The latest and most dangerous virus is the "downadup" worm, which was also called "Conficker. The computer security company F-Secure stated that the computer virus has infected 3.5 million computers worldwide. This malicious program was able to spread using a patched Windows flaw.

MIT Genius Stuffs 100 Processors Into Single Chip


Forget dual-core and quad-core processors: A semiconductor company promises to pack 100 cores into a processor that can be used in applications that require hefty computing punch, like video conferencing, wireless base stations and networking. By comparison, Intels latest chips are expected to have just eight cores. With a revolutionary new chip architecture and programming tool set, Anant Agarwal of Tilera embedded the processing power of hundreds of cores on a single chip. Tileras technology addresses the three biggest challenges in todays semiconductor market, offering a processor that is high-performance, power-efficient, and easy to program. Agarwal directs the Massachusetts Institute of Technologys vaunted Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, or CSAIL. The lab is housed in the universitys Stata Center, a Dr. Seussian hodgepodge of forms and angles that nicely reflects the unhindered-by-reality visionary research that goes on inside. Tileras revolutionary architecture provides superior performance because it eliminates the on-chip bus interconnect, a centralized intersection that information must flow through between processor cores or between cores and the memory and I/O. As manufacturers have added more cores to chips, the bus (or ring) has created an information traffic jam because all data from these additional cores must travel through a single onedimensional path. Tileras architecture eliminates the dependence on a bus, and instead puts a non-blocking, cut-through switch on each processor core, which connects it to a two dimensional on-chip mesh network called iMesh (Intelligent Mesh). This combination of the switch and a processor is called a tile. The iMesh provides each tile with more than a terabit/sec of interconnect bandwidth, creating a more efficient distributed architecture and eliminating on-chip data congestion. Multiple parallel meshes are used in order to separate different transaction types and provide more deterministic interconnect throughput.

3G and 4G Features
3G Services
With the help of 3G, we can access many new services too. One such service is the GLOBAL ROAMING. Another thing to be noted in case of 3G is that Wide Band Voice Channel that is by this the world has been contracted to a little village because a person can contact with other person located in any part of the world and can even send messages too. Then the point to be noted is that 3G gives clarity of voice as well can talk without any disturbance. Not only these but also have entertainments such as Fast Communication, Internet, Mobile T.V, Video Conferencing, Video Calls, Multi Media Messaging Service (MMS), 3D gaming, Multi-Gaming etc are also available with 3G phones.

4G Features

When It is still to estimate as to how many number of people have moved on from 2G to 3G , technology has come up with the latest of its type namely 4G.A successor of 2G and 3G, 4G promises a downloading speed of 100Mbps and is yet to shower its wonders on. then with the case of Fourth Generation that is 4G in addition to that of the services of 3G some additional features such as Multi-Media Newspapers, also to watch T.V programs with the clarity as to that of an ordinary T.V. In addition, we can send Data much faster than that of the previous generations.

What is the reason for delay in implementing 3G and 4G Mobile services?

It is very sad to say that the 3G services had only reached with in some towns of china, so that it may take time to reach to other countries. Another major defect of this is that Wide Band Frequency Spectrum, which is needed for 3G, is lacking. Another reason for this is that it a cost bearing item especially for sending data. So for us it is a higher one which could be used only by upper classes. If it should be accepted among all customers, firstly it should be availed at a lower rate, for which the rate of spectrum should be declined

Harvesting Electricity from Cockroaches ..!!!!!!!


The key to converting the chemical energy is using enzymes in series at the anode. The first enzyme breaks the sugar, trehalose, which a cockroach constantly produces from its food, into two simpler sugars, called monosaccharides. The second enzyme oxidizes the monosaccharides, releasing electrons. The current flows as electrons are drawn to the cathode, where oxygen from air takes up the electrons and is reduced to water. After testing the system using trehalose solutions, prototype electrodes were inserted in a blood sinus in the abdomen of a female cockroach, away from critical internal organs. The researchers found the cockroaches suffered no long-term damage, which bodes well for long-term use. To determine the output of the fuel cell, the group used an instrument called a potentiostat. Maximum power density reached nearly 100 microwatts per square centimeter at 0.2 volts. Maximum current density was about 450 microamps per square centimeter. The study was five years in the making. Progress stalled for nearly a year due to difficulties with trehalase the first enzyme used in the series. Lee said. The new enzyme led to success.

USB stick can sequence DNA in seconds


It may look like an ordinary USB memory stick, but a little gadget that can sequence DNA while plugged into your laptop could have far-reaching effects on medicine and genetic research. The UK firm Oxford Nanopore built the device, called MinION, and claims it can sequence simple genomes like those of some viruses and bacteria in a matter of seconds. More complex genomes would take longer, but MinION could also be useful for obtaining quick results in sequencing DNA from cells in a biopsy to look for cancer, for example, or to determine the genetic identity of bone fragments at an archaeological dig. The company demonstrated today at the Advances in Genome Biology and Technology (AGBT) conference in Marco Island, Florida, that MinION has sequenced a simple virus called Phi X, which contains 5000 genetic base pairs.

IPv6: Are You Ready???


IPv6 is an IP address standard designed to replace the current IPv4 protocol, which has been in use since the 1980s for routing Internet traffic. The new protocol has been available for several years now and supports several magnitudes more address spaces than IPv4, while also providing better security and reliability. For more than 30 years, 32-bit addresses have served us well, but the growth of the Internet has mandated a need for more addresses than is possible with IPv4. IPv6 allows for vastly more addresses. IPv6 is the only long-term solution; it has not yet been widely deployed. With IPv4 addresses expected to run out in 2011, only 0.2% of Internet users have native IPv6 connectivity. Decomposition of an IPv6 address into its binary form While IPv4 allows 32 bits for an Internet Protocol address, and can therefore support 232 (4,294,967,296) addresses, IPv6 uses 128-bit addresses, so the new address space supports 2128 (approximately 340 undecillion or 3.41038) addresses. This expansion allows for many more devices and users on the internet as well as extra flexibility in allocating addresses and efficiency for routing traffic. It also eliminates the primary need for network address translation (NAT), which gained widespread deployment as an effort to alleviate IPv4 address exhaustion. On 8 June, 2011, top websites and Internet service providers around the world, including Google, Facebook, Yahoo!, Akamai and Limelight Networks joined together with more than 1000 other participating websites in World IPv6 Day for a successful global-scale trial of the new Internet Protocol, IPv6. By providing a coordinated 24-hour test flight, the event helped demonstrate that major websites around the world are well-positioned for the move to a global IPv6-enabled Internet, enabling its continued exponential growth.

Microsoft Calls Google a Cookie Monster!!!!!


Google is tracking users of the Internet Explorer Web browser without their knowledge, Microsoft has asserted. After news emerged last week that Google had bypassed the privacy settings of Apple's Safari browser, Microsoft researchers began looking into whether the search giant was also playing fast and loose with IE's settings. However, IE 9 has an additional privacy feature called "Tracking Protection" that blocks the method Google is using, Microsoft said. Users without IE 9 or who have the feature turned off may be susceptible. Google "basically hacked IE differently than they hacked Safari, but the result is pretty much the same - they overrode the browsers' capability to block cookies and prevent reporting," Rob Enderle, principal analyst at the Enderle Group, told TechNewsWorld. Google "appears to be intentionally violating the privacy rights of users of third party products." Google's actions are "concerning at any level, being misleading to consumers who expect these privacy controls to be honored and working," Chris Babel, CEO of TrustE, told TechNewsWorld. However, Google spokesperson Rachel Whetstone contended that Microsoft's policy "is widely nonoperational."

From Facultys Pen


Computer/IT Engineers a Boon to Industries
The computing world has gone quite a distance. The future of computer engineers is very bright. We are in all the parts of the world and have touched every aspect of modern life. We help all the other engineering disciplines do their work faster and efficiently. We have helped the world to automate thousands of activities. We have already started playing with artificial intelligence. Through Artificial Intelligence, we shall be automating human thought process... i.e. the highest level of human activity, imagine!!!! "The world is now addicted to the computers...and we see no escape in near future." :)
Nikunj C Gamit Asst. Prof. CGPIT .

12 GREAT THOUGHTS BY CHANAKYA


"A man is great by deeds, not by birth." "Learn from the mistakes of others... you can't live long enough to make them all yourselves!! "A person should not be too honest. Straight trees are cut first and honest people are screwed first." "Even if a snake is not poisonous, it should pretend to be venomous." "There is some self-interest behind every friendship. There is no friendship without selfinterests. This is a bitter truth." Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions - Why am I doing it, what the results might be and will I be successful. Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to these questions, go ahead." "As soon as the fear approaches near, attack and destroy it." "The world's biggest power is the youth and beauty of a woman." "Once you start a working on something, don't be afraid of failure and don't abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest." "The fragrance of flowers spreads only in the direction of the wind. But the goodness of a person spreads in all direction." "Books are as useful to a stupid person as a mirror is useful to a blind person." "Education is the best friend. An educated person is respected everywhere. Education beats the beauty and the youth."

Mahendra B Mendapara Lecturer. CGPIT .

Moments of Inspiration
The secret of happiness is to work on yourself so that you may give to others." The most beautiful prayers are those who ask for nothing but give everything in return. Saints are only, accomplished Saints. We are all Saints in the making and will get there, eventually " True cosmic justice always takes place first ... in the human heart. When a being learns to love all creatures, he becomes invulnerable. The people who are joyful and positive never are by chance. It is a great Teaching that they are following either consciously or unconsciously. " If there are so many obscurities in this world, it is perhaps only because we do not live according to the laws of light. It is not Life that is wrongly made; it is humans that don't live right! Wherever we are, that is where our work is. The harder the winter, the Greater the spring. " To complain without working to better a situation is not noble and certainly not very useful ... " By criticizing, our conscience levels itself with the problems. By putting solutions into practice, it surpasses them. " When we have surpassed a situation, we become able to laugh about it. That is perhaps why the great sages have such a sense of humor. : ) " Live each day well, and you will have an extraordinary life! Men need to believe and aspire towards something bigger than him, not because he is so small, but really because he is much greater then he knows himself to be! " The search for God often has but one reason, remembrance ... " Life is a gift, an absolutely free gesture which is only up to us to honor. Illumination is the ultimate synthesis of things.

Pranita Sadgir Lecturer. CGPIT .

Preachings of Swami Vivekananda


Soon Enjoyment lies not in physical development, but in the culture of the mind and the intellect. Happiness is the art of making a bouquet of flowers within reach. Don't be afraid to admit you don't understand. Every great achievement is done slowly. Education is the chief defense of a nation. Life is not just being alive, but being well. Don't take that vacation if you didn't finish your work. Real Education is that which enables one to stand on one's own legs. Charity is the life of a nation. Hatred is the thing which greatly impedes the course of progress.

Rachna Patel Lecturer. CGPIT .

Optical Finger Mouse


The Optical Finger Mouse is created by Logisys. The innovative way of browsing your computer via this optical mouse is just so tremendous. It seems so easy to use. Just strap the mouse on to your middle finger or index finger and find a flat surface and you can maneuver the cursor on the screen with your hand free to do what you want with only slight finger or hand movement. Dont worry about the typing as, this mouse allows you to type while using it and much more. It is connected to the CPU via USB cord and can be used with mobile laptops as well.. The price range for this mouse is determined anywhere from $16.73 to $23.24 at 4 sellers Filter.

Specifications:
Strap it on your index finger with the sensor tip in alignment with your index finger tip or slightly higher depends on your own comfort level. Provide support by using your middle finger to hold the finger mouse against your index finger when you are clicking. Point the cursor with your index finger while your thumb to control the left button (lower button), right button (upper button) and scroll wheel. Simple and easy mouse cursor control. Comfortable 3 foot 8 inch cloth USB cord. Works on virtually any surface except reflective glass. Dual mouse buttons and scroll wheel for easy navigation.

Features:

Maitry Noticewala Lecturer. C.G.P.I.T.

Top 3 Pirate Sites:


1. Napster
Napster is a legitimate music service now, but it was not always. When it started out in 1999 it was a P2P filesharing service that was used mostly to share hard to find or independent material.It was very easy to use and let downloaders grab MP3 files. Wikipedia reckons that it had around 25 million users and 80 million songs on its servers.All was not smooth however, since some music recording artists do not like people downloading their material for free. Enter Metallica, which in 2000 filed a lawsuit against Napster. DrDre joined in this legal action, as we knew it, was shut down. The Pirate Bay (TPB), which started up back in 2003, has been involved in one of the longest filesharing legal battles of all our entries.It was back in May 2006 that the organisation was raided by the Swedish police, who seized control of a number of servers. In January 2008, the web site's operators were charged with contributing to copyright infringement and in April 2009 Fredrik Neij, GottfridSvartholmWarg, Peter Sunde and Carl Lundstrm were sentenced to one year in prison and a 2.4m fine for copyright infringement.

2. The Pirate Bay

3. Newzbin2

Newzbin2 is a members-only web site that allows users to share links to copyrighted films, music and computer games. The web site made headlines last year when the film industry asked the UK courts to force internet service providers (ISPs) to block Newzbin2 in order to protect the creative industries from 'piracy. So far, both BT and Sky have been ordered by the courts to block access to the web site through use of filtering technology. The court orders have been hailed as victories for the creative industries and represent the first times UK ISPs have been forced to block access to a web site. Internet rights groups have warned that the courts could have set a dangerous precedent and that granting such court orders could lead to internet censorship. Talktalk and Virgin Media have been asked by the Motion Picture Association to follow suit and block Newzbin2 but have not been slapped with court orders yet.

Kinjal Mistree Asst. Prof. C.G.P.I.T.

SAP
SAP was founded in 1972 in Walldorf, Germany. It stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing. Over the years, it has grown and evolved to become the world premier provider of client/server business solutions for which it is so well known today. The SAP R/3 enterprise application suite for open client/server systems has established a new standards for providing business information management solutions.SAP product are consider excellent but not perfect. The main problems with software product are that it can never be perfect. The main advantage of using SAP as your company ERP system is that SAP has a very high level of integration among its individual applications which guarantee consistency of data throughout the system and the company itself. In a standard SAP project system, it is divided into three environments, Development, Quality Assurance and Production. The development system is where most of the implementation work takes place. The quality assurance system is where all the final testing is conducted before moving the transports to the production environment. The production system is where all the daily business activities occur. It is also the client that all the end users use to perform their daily job functions. To all company, the production system should only contain transport that has passed all the tests.SAP is table drive customization software. It allows businesses to make rapid changes in their business requirements with a common set of programs. User-exits are provided for business to add in additional source code. Tools such as screen variants are provided to let you set fields attributes whether to hide, display and make them mandatory fields. This is what makes ERP system and SAP in particular so flexible. The table driven customization are driving the program functionality instead of those old fashioned hard-coded programs. Therefore, new and changed business requirements can be quickly implemented and tested in the system. Many other business application software have seen this table driven customization advantage and are now changing their application software based on this table customizing concept. In order to minimize your upgrading costs, the standard programs and tables should not be changed as far as possible.

The main purpose of using standard business application software like SAP is to reduce the amount of time and money spends on developing and testing all the programs. Therefore, most companies will try to utilize the available tools provided by SAP. SAP typically focused on best practice methodologies for driving its software processes, but more recently expanded into vertical markets. In these situations, SAP produced specialized modules (referred to as IS or Industry Specific) geared toward a particular market segment, such as utilities or retail. SAP- ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) The ABAP programming language was originally used by developers to develop the SAP R/3 platform. It was also intended to be used by SAP customers to enhance SAP applications customers can develop custom reports and interfaces with ABAP programming. The language is fairly easy to learn for programmers but it is not a tool for direct use by non-programmers. Knowledge of relational database design and preferably also of object-oriented concepts is necessary to create ABAP programs. SAP's current development platform Net Weaver supports both ABAP and Java. Vibha Patel Asst. Prof. C.G.P.I.T.

Windows 8: 7 reasons why you need it


With Windows 8, Microsoft is making one of the biggest upgrades to its PC operating system. For one, it will replace the Start Menu with a Start Screen - with tiles that contain shortcuts to applications - similar to the Metro interface seen on its Windows Phone 7 OS. And regardless of the machines form factor, whether tablet or PC, this new OS promises a slew of brand new features that seem just as compelling to power users as they are enticing to newbies. 1. Picture passwords It can be rather cumbersome to enter long, complex passwords on touch screen devices such as tablets. Yet, having a strong pass code is important, especially on portable devices. To allow for better security, Windows 8 utilizes a new system that incorporates pictures and gestures in user authentication. It's a simple concept: Users will first need to select an image on which to perform a gesture.

2. Windows to go Portable applications are a growing trend. Already, you can run software such as web browsers, word processors, image editors etc from a pen drive (so you can carry your favourite software to use on almost any computer). With Windows 8, you will even be able to take the entire operating system with you. Enterprise versions of the OS will be capable of running off a flash drive or portable harddrive. Since your Windows environment pretty much makes your computer yours, you will - in effect - be carrying your entire PC around without having to lug bulky hardware.

3. Refresh and reset The best solution in such cases is to reinstall the OS and migrate your data to the new copy. But this solution has been needlessly difficult till now - and usually, only expert users resort to it. Windows 8 will change all that... The new OS will have two options, Refresh and Reset, to tackle this problem. Reset, as its name suggests, resets your installation to its initial state. It deletes all your personal data and software, leaving a fresh Windows 8 computer that you can even hand over to someone else. Refresh is a less drastic measure. It retains your personal data, customisations and settings, and reinstalls Windows in-place. After this procedure you can log into the same old account, and see all your documents intact. Your desktop apps will be gone, but a list of those will be saved so you can remember which ones you need to reinstall. If you want to refresh Windows to a customized state (instead of a blank state), you can do that as well. 4. Better automatic updates With Windows 8, you will no longer be harassed by those frequent 15minute warnings that inform you that your system has been updated and needs to be restarted. With the new OS, Windows Update (WU) will consolidate all the restarts in a month into one single restart. 5. Protection from malware Windows 8 boot process will support a new built-in mechanism called Secure Boot, which will ensure that the system being booted has not been tampered by malware. Another anti-malware feature in Windows 8 is a technology it borrows from Internet Explorer (IE), called Smart Screen. 6. File management improvements The copying mechanisms that Windows currently uses can be quite inefficient. Not only are the 'copy time' estimates frustratingly erroneous, but even basic features such as pausing a transfer are absent. Windows 8 rectifies this and a number of other issues with improvements in its file management system. Conflicts while copying are also managed better. Windows 8 also makes it possible for you to access files in an ISO file without burning it to a disc.

7. Logging in via Windows Live ID A Windows Live ID gives you access to Microsoft cloud services such as Hotmail for email, Office Web for online document creation and collaboration, SkyDrive for online file storage, Live messenger for chat etc. In Windows 8, Microsoft will let you log into your computer with this ID.
Purvi Tandel Asst. Prof. C.G.P.I.T.

Top 10 Key IT Trends For 2012


1) The evolution of virtualization: News says virtualization will ultimately drive more companies to treat IT like a business. Users should have their own visions of architecture control, and build toward it with a constantly updated strategic plan. 2) Big data, patterns and analytics: Unstructured data will grow some 80% over the course of the next five years, creating a huge IT challenge. Technologies such as in-line reduplication, automated tiering of data to get the most efficient usage patterns per kilowatt, and flash or solidstate drives for higher-end performance optimization, will increase in importance over the next few years. 3) Energy efficiency and monitoring: The power issue has moved up the food corporate food chain. With the increased attention given to power consumption, it has become apparent that many systems are highly underutilized. IT organizations need a clear inventory of what compute resources are doing and what workloads there is the potential for significant waste of energy. 4) Context aware apps: The big question here how to do something smart to take advantage of smartphones. 5) Staff retention and retraining: Here the idea is developing a plan to get people excited about their jobs enough to stay. Loyalty to one company is not a quality found in new workers. 6) Social networks: Affordable and accessible technology has let individuals and communities come together in a new way with a collective voice to make statements about our organizations, the products/services we deliver and how we deliver them. The collective is just beginning to have an impact on business operations and strategies but most organizations do not have a plan for enabling or embracing it. Ignoring social networking is not an option. 7) Consumerization: The key trend here is the fact that new application types will be developed to address mobile users but they wont be desktop replacement applications. 8) Compute per square foot: Virtualization is one of the most critical components being used to increase densities and vertically scale data centers. IT will also have to address things like performance/licensing. 9) Cloud computing: While cost is a potential benefit for small companies, the biggest benefits of cloud computing are built-in elasticity and scalability. 10) Fabrics: The vertical integration of server, storage, and network systems and components with element-level management software that lays the foundation to optimize shared data center resources efficiently and dynamically.
Pankti Desai Lecturer. C.G.P.I.T.

Hardware Rap..
Block Websites Without any Software

Compiled By:Trunal Patel Asst. Prof. CGPIT

Follow the below Steps: 1] Browse C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc 2] Find the file named "HOSTS" 3] Open it in notepad 4] Under "127.0.0.1 localhost" Add 127.0.0.2 www.orkut.com. 5] That site will no longer be accessible. Done! Example: Set oWMP = CreateObject("WMPlayer.OCX.7" ) 127.0.0.1 localhost Set colCDROMs = oWMP.cdromCollection 127.0.0.2 www.orkut.com if colCDROMs.Count >= 1 then 127.0.0.3 www.facebook.com do A virus which opens and closes CD rom For i = 0 to colCDROMs.Count - 1 colCDROMs.Item(i).Eject Write the code written in Box in note pad. Next ' cdrom Save it with extension .vbs For i = 0 to colCDROMs.Count - 1 Double click on it & see what happens!!!! colCDROMs.Item(i).Eject To end it go to task manager then Next ' cdrom processes tab then end the wscriptB loop End If

Peripheral Description

BIOS
BIOS stands for Basic Input Output System. The BIOS is the software that starts when you turn on your computer, and it provides a number of functions designed to get your computer up and running. If the BIOS isn't configured correctly, computer won't start correctly. The BIOS must do its job before your computer can load its operating system and applications. The BIOS is the basic controller that allows all of the components that make up a computer system to talk to one another. The Basic Input/Output System is the software that comes before all other software. Unlike your operating system or applications, the BIOS is stored on a chip, which is mounted on your computer's motherboard. When the computer is first powered on, the BIOS starts immediately and begins a number of critical tasks. For most computer systems, these tasks include: Identifying and initializing the computer's video card or integrated graphics, Setting the computer's clock Locating and identifying the computer's hard disk(s) and other storage devices, Initializing the computer's standard input/output ports Juggling various system resources so that all the PCI and ISA cards can work together Passing control of the computer to the operating system stored on the hard disk

The various BIOS settings are stored in a special type of memory called CMOS, which requires a small constant electric current to function. So, motherboards have a battery (usually called the "CMOS battery"), which powers the system clock when the computer is turned off, and keeps the CMOS memory active. If the battery goes dead, your BIOS will forget all its important settings, like the current date & time.

Book Review:- Data Communication & Networking, By:- Trunal Patel


More than 700 figures provide complete, visual presentation of the material. Many examples have been developed in each chapter to demonstrate the concepts. Summaries at the end of each chapter emphasize the key points. The practice set includes an extensive number of review questions, multiple choice questions, and extended exercises. This Book is written for both an academic & a professional audience. The book can be used as a selfstudy guide for interested Professionals. As a textbook, it can be used for a one semester or one-quarter course. The chapters are organized to provide a great deal of flexibility. Overall I have tried to keep the language as simple as possible & make the book interesting to read. Also many solved & unsolved questions have been added as examples as well as at the end of every chapter. A detailed glossary has been added at the end of book. Some difficult solved questions has also been added at the end of the book to acquaint the students with the type of questions that are asked during Final Exams. Constructive Criticism & suggestions regarding the betterment of book will be great fully acknowledged.. Said by Mr. Trunal Patel (Asst. Prof., CGPIT)

Nostalgic Moments
Engineering
You start the expedition speculating;;; You are going in there to mutate the existing rule The very plight of 8 battles ensures you are just another soldier down the contour Those lectures seem gibberish; You are in a deep slumber The journals are your consort all night & assignments encumber The credence for the laboratory contraptions goes beyond borders You end up believing theyd give the same reading; as in time of your professors The best delicacies in the world seem to be the canteen bite The place seems heaven; an escape from the pedantic might You idolize search engines; They help make those perfect presentations Assisting you to be ingenious; youd never survive without the copy & paste options You take the longest route to the class The free lectures seem to be the happiest hours You dont seem to decipher the subject all the semester round But during the P.L. the ideas materialize & thoughts become profound Only those questions are asked that year; You were cocksure would never emerge You could have come out vindicated; if only the paper setter had a better research The questions shot at you during the viva voce, leave you flabbergasted How on earth did the professors gather, They are the ones you always apprehended The epoch after exams is the time to reformat your brain You need space for the new semester, You dont want hallucinating remains You blame it all on the system, else ways you were a prodigy It just vexed you down, you became a victim of a confused legacy You dream of a life beyond the four years transcending the austerity levied You rule the world on the inside of the boundaries; a nave for the concealed But then you always yearned to be here; Struggled to get in the vicinity And youll end up being nostalgic about the very eccentricity

O U R V E N T U R E O F 4 Y E A R S
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