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Oracle GL Concepts

Before any system can be used, it has to be set up. Hence usage follows setup. This is something common. Therefore before the module GL becomes financials; it must be set up. Oracle General Ledger is a complete financial management system for recording transactions, maintaining account balances and creating financial statements. A] VALUE SETS The value set contains a predefined name which contains information regarding segments, viz., the data type for the segment, maximum size of the segment (not more than 25 characters) minimum and maximum values of the segments. Value set is required to ensure that there is consistency as regards codes used. For the consistency a set of regulating rules have to be recorded. These rules ensure that only the values testing positively against these conditions are accepted. It is a group of values and related attributed you assign to a key flexfield segment or descriptive flexfield segment. Note: For each segment there should be a separate value set. VALIDATION TYPES FOR VALUE SETS 1. INDEPENDENT: It is an individual value set and there is no relation to this value set. 2. DEPENDENT: This value set always depends on an independent value set. 3. TABLE: This value set is used for retrieving the data or values existed in a table by using select statements. 4. NONE: Values cannot be stored by using this value set. During the transaction level values are entered. 5. PAIR : 6. SPECIAL: These value sets are used for descriptive flexfields. FIELD: It is an area where data can be entered, updated and from where it can be deleted. FLEXFIELD: A flexfield is a field made up of sub fields or segments. A flexfield appears on your forms as a pop up window that contains a prompt for each segment. Each segment has a name and a set of valid rules. There are two types of flexfields. 1. Key Flexfield: The flexfield used for pinpointing accurate information are called key flexfields. It is made up of segments where each segment has both a value and a meaning, so we can think of flexfield as an intelligent field that business can use to store information represented as codes.

2. Descriptive flexfield: The flexfield used for describing an entity is termed as descriptive flexfield. According to the business requirements, descriptive flexfields are used to expand oracle application or to customize the same. It enables to capture additional information from the transactions. Accounting Key Flexfields: The OGL module contains only one key flexfield accounting key flexfield, which will give us the financial information like how the data will be entered, how to generate reports, viz., financial statements. Without writing any program-codes, it can be customized as per business requirements. Structure: The combination of segments with value sets is called as a structure. B] SEGMENT Segment is a single sub field within a flexfield. You can define the structure and meaning of individual segment when customizing a flexfield. It is also a part of the organization where information regarding division, region, company, product, department, etc., can be stored. Organization Company Department Accounts In GL module, there should be a minimum of 2 segments (company & accounts) and a maximum of 30 segments. VIEW: Using the view name, the rest of the modules of oracle application can be mapped for reports. ALLOW DYNAMIC INSERT [check box]: It allows the user to enter a new unique code combination required. (It can be expanded as required). Segment separator: They are . : - . Using segment separators the code combination values can be identified. Freeze Flexfield definition: After enabling this checkbox, the structural information cannot be modified. For modifying information the checkbox has to be disabled. Compile (push button): Once the freeze flexfield checkbox is enabled, the compile push button is activated. This push button will create the code combinations and flexfield view

for the flexfield structure. After clicking the compile push button, the system will provide the user a request. Request: It is the feedback information from the server. It finds the status of your structure and whether the program is successfully compiled. For knowing about the request status the following path is to be used. View request. We have 4 statuses of the request: 1. Stand by 2. Running 3. Pending

Error Warning Inactive No manager

4. Completed C] QUALIFIERS Qualifiers are words that explain the functions performed by a particular segment. There are four flexfield qualifiers provided by oracle for accounting flexfields. They are:

Balancing segment Cost center segment Natural accounts Inter-company adjustment

Balancing Segment: The balancing segment qualifier is to be assigned to the company segment or enterprise segment or corporation segment. This assignment ensures that the debits at the company level are equal to the credits by compiling with the matching principle of accounting. Cost Center Segment: The cost center segment qualifier allows us to draw special readymade reports provided by the module oracle assets. The use of it is high utility. Cost center assignment pertains to the fixed assets. Use of cost center qualifier is not mandatory, it is optional. By attaching this qualifier to any segment, income and expenditure of any cost division can be found out viz., department-wise, division-wise, cost is basically incurred at department / division. Natural Accounts: This qualifier allows the user to specify the account types. The standard account types provided are: Expenses

Revenue Assets Liabilities Ownership / stockholders equity Inter-company adjustment: For adjustment of inter-company transactions, this qualifier is used. It is not mandatory. Segment Qualifiers: 1. Allow Posting: By attaching this qualifier at any segment, the journals will be allowed to post at that segment level. 2. Allow Budgeting: Budgets will be prepared at segment level when this qualifier is attached. 3. Account Type: The account types, viz., expenses, revenues, assets, liabilities, stockholder / ownership describes the type of account. In addition to 'allow posting' and 'allow budgeting, this qualifier is also attached to accounts. 4. Reconciliation Flag: For account segment to reconcile the accounts with any sub accounts. 5. Control account: For controlling the sub accounts, if any. D] CURRENCY (Define or enable) Code Description Territory (country) Precision INR Indian Rupee India 2 USD US Dollar USA 2 AUD Australian Dollar Australia 2 (ISO has recognized approx. 240 countrys currency) Using the currency code, we can record the expenses and income of every country. Whenever, oracle application is installed, it creates all the ISO currency codes. If those defined currencies are to be used, we have to enable that currency. Non ISO currency codes can also be created. E] PERIOD TYPES Period Daily / Monthly / Quarterly

Using period types, you can divide the financial year as per requirements for reporting purposes. In a fiscal year, two calendar years are covered. Future Period: If the user gives No1 option, one future period will be opened. F] CALENDAR Accounting calendar This calendar defines your accounting periods and fiscal years in OGL. Using accounting calendar window, accounting calendars are defined. Oracle financial analyzer will automatically create a Time Dimension using your accounting calendar. Give a prefix to every period to identify the same. Fiscal Calendar Without relation to a calendar year, any yearly accounting period is called a fiscal year. If fiscal year has been defined, the user should specify the AD of termination of the year. Calendar Year If the calendar year has been defined, the user can specify the AD of commencement. Transaction Calendar Using this calendar, you can setup the business on and off days (i.e., holidays). Apart from weekly holidays, additional holidays can be included. This calendar helps to restrict the user to enter any transactions on any holiday or business off days. The financial institutions will generate average balances reports with the help of this calendar. G] SET OF BOOKS A financial reporting entity that uses a particular chart of accounts, functional currency and accounting calendar, at least one set of books has to be defined for each business location. Standard Options Allow suspense posting Enable average balance Journal approval Journal Entry tax Budgetary Control Options

Enable Budget Control Required Budget Journal Average Balance options (Amount Rate Type) QTD Quarter To Date PTD Period To Date YTD Year To Date EOD End Of Day Mandatory Accounts Retained Earnings: The earlier period or earlier year balances will be transferred whenever the user closes the accounting period. This is a compulsory account to be created. Suspense account: The difference in the amounts of debit and credit of the transactions will be transferred to this account. If the user, enables the 'allow suspense posting' checkbox in the standard option then this account gets activated. Rounding off adjustment: The transaction total amounts can be adjusted (rounded off) to the nearest currency denomination and the difference is posted to this account. Translation Adjustment account: If the user wants to translate the functional currency balances to foreign currency and if there is fluctuation in the currency rates in between the periods then the difference because of currency rates will be recorded in this account. Reserve for encumbrance: Prepayments or anticipated expenditure is called as encumbrance. If budgets are to be prepared, this account will be created by enabling budget control in the budget control option. Net Income: If the average balance option is enabled in the set of books, enabling average balance check box in standard options will create the net income account. This account is not to be posted manually. Mandatory Account Chart
Code Account Name Allow Budgeting Allow Posting Type of account

M01

Retained Earnings

Yes

Yes

Stock/ownership

M02 M03 M04 M05 M06

Suspense Account Rounding Off Difference Account Translation Adjustment Reserve for encumbrance Net Income

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes No

Asset/ Liability Stock/ownership Stock/ownership Stock/ownership Stock/ownership

H] USER PROFILE After defining set of books, the books will have to be assigned to a single or multiple users. After assigning the books, the user can perform and record transaction in the set of books. I] OPEN / CLOSE ACCOUNTING PERIODS After assigning the set of books, for recording the accounting transactions, the user should open the desired accounting period. Once the transactions are completed, the period can be closed. The five statuses of accounting periods are: Never Opened Open Future period Closed Permanently closed J] DETAILS OF TABLES IN GL Fundamental (Master) Tables: Fnd_Applications Fnd_ID_Flex_Structure Fnd_ID_Flex_Code Fnd_Tables

Fnd_Flex_Values Fnd_ID_Value_Sets Fnd_Columns Base or Set Up Tables Gl_Code_Combination (view) GL_Set_Of_Books STEPS FOR DEFINATION OF SET OF BOOKS 1. Define value sets Setup: Financials: Flexfield: Validation: Sets 2. Define key flexfield segments Setup: Financials: Flexfield: Key: Segments 3. Enter the segment values Setup: Financials: Flexfield: Key: Values 4. Define or enable currency Setup: Financials: Currency: Define 5. Define period types Setup: Financials: Calendar: Type 6. Define accounting calendar Setup: Financials: Calendar: Accounting 7. Define transaction calendar Setup: Financials: Calendar: Transaction 8. Define set of books Setup: Financials: Books: Define

9. Attach set of books to profile Other: Profile 10.Sign in again 11.Open the accounting period Setup: Open/ Close

Accounting Concepts Overview

To Understanding any accounting System which is an art of recording the transactions in a significant manner one should be cleared with the following terminologies 1.1. Double Entry System: Principal Every debit entry should have a credit entry and vice versa E.g. Consider the Following Journal Entry

1.2 Account Classification: Broadly Accounts are classified as

Personal - Related with the Persons E.g. Mr. Pauls A/C account at ABC Org Nominal - Pertaining to Income and Expenses E.g. Interest, Wages etc. Real - Pertaining to things / Properties E.g. Cash , building, Machinery etc .

1.3 General Accounting Rules for Every Account


For Real A/C Debit that whatever Comes in , Credit whatever goes out. For Nominal A/C Debit expenses, losses and credit incomes and profits. For Personal A/C- Debit the Receiver, Credit the Giver.

1.4 Other Terminologies:


Journal , Ledger, Debtor , Creditor , Invoice , Debit Memo , Credit Memo , Asset , Liability .

Journal A book in which all the Daily Transactions are recorded E.g. A simple Journal Entry - Showing the Transfer of 1000 Rs from Cash A/C to Bank A/C

Sr No. 1.

Date

Particulars

Db

Cr

7-72004

Cash A/C To Bank A/C

1000 1000

Ledger A book in which all the transactions ( Journal Entries) are posted under respective account heads .

After posting the above entry into Ledger the Accounts will show

Debtor A person who owes money to other business becomes a a debtor of the business. Creditor A person to whom business owes money becomes a creditor. Voucher Any document i.e. written evidence in support of a business transaction is called a voucher.

Oracle Financial Functional Setups

2.1 Administrative Setups in brief


1. Create a Responsibility For GL Major Fields Application, Menu. 2. Define a User For the Responsibility II .Functional Setups - Create the Set of Books Setting up the Set of Books Set of Books consist of 3 Cs

I. Calendar II.Currency III.Chart of Accounts (Key Flex Field Setup) 3. Now attach the Set of Books with the Profile.

2.2 More about the Functional set up:

Other Important Functional Set ups 1. 2. 3. 4. Journal Sources Journal Categories Primary Set Of Book Reporting Set of Books

Note: One can set up the reporting set of books as well to generate the reports in MRC environment. The Max Limit on the no. of set of Books is 9.

1. Setting up the Journal Sources: - The organization must set the various Journal Sources from where General Ledger can receive the journal entries. E.g., Accounts Payables, Accounts Receivables, Inventory, Fix Assets etc. Navigation: Setup -> Journal -> Journal Sources

2. Setting up the Journal Categories: The organization can have sub categories of the main journal sources from where General Ledger can receive the journal entries. E.g. Inventory is the main source and the sub category can be WIP, MST

3. Setting up Primary Set of Books Navigation: Setup -> Financial -> Flex field (Here you will define the KFF for AFF)

Set of Books consist of 3Cs i.e. Chart of Accounts , Currency , Calendar .After the Functional Currency and the Calendar (Fiscal / calendar year ) is set the Functional Analyst sets up the chart of Accounts which depicts the Accounting Flexfileld Structure within the Organization E.g. of AFF Company Brach Department Account Sub Account Product No Product Navigation: Setup -> Financial -> Books (Here you will define set of Books)

2.3 Multicurrency Reporting

In case of Secondary Set of Books kept for reporting purpose go to Multicurrency And select Reporting Set of Book. Note that Budgetary Control can not be used for reporting set of Books as these set of Books are created just for multiple reporting currency purpose and are mutually exclusive.

Significance Of Reporting Set of Books

To set up multi-currency accounting 1. Define the conversion rate types you want to use to maintain daily exchange rates and to enter foreign currency journals. General Ledger

comes with four predefined conversion rate types: Spot, Corporate, User, and EMU Fixed 2. Define and enable the currencies you want to use. General Ledger predefines all ISO currencies, but you can define as many additional currencies as you need. 3. Assign a functional currency to your set of books. General Ledger records all transactions and maintains all of your account balances in the functional currency 4. If you use Multiple Reporting Currencies, assign reporting currencies to your reporting sets of books.

Define a Cumulative Translation Adjustment account for your set of books. Set the account type of your Cumulative Translation Adjustment account.

After the conversion rate and the currency is specified attach the Reporting set of Books has been set up attach the set of book with profile to view the transactions u will find the addition of converted columns to view the MRC transactions.

2.4 Journal Entries

Journal Entries can be classified as depending upon the type of Journal Entries can be classified as Recurring Journal Entries , Non - Recurring Journal Entries .

Recurring Journals can be again classified as Standard, Skeleton, and Formula Journals.

Standard When the expense is fixed this type of Journal entry can be used. E.g. One can enter a standard recurring journal entry for the Building Rent. As the rent is fixed the amount can be entered and u will find that the journal entry gets created automatically at the end of month.

Skeleton Here u want an entry at the end of the month for an recurring expense but dont know the amount in advance as it is variable. E.g. Electricity Bill A variable expense at every month. One can define a skeleton journal for the same. At the end of period the Journal entry gets created automatically go to review journal and then enter the amount manually.

Formulae Journal This can be used for a recurring journal entry based on some formulae. E.g. Journal entry for Commission which is 10% of whatever total sale that has been made at the end of the period. So Formulae can be entered to calculate the commission. Whenever the sales occur an entry for commission will be generated automatically.

2.5 Mass Allocation


Mass Allocation can be used to distribute the amount between various cost centers. E.g. Take any common expense that is common for all the departments let us say stationary which is required by every department. We can define the distributions for that expense e.g. 50 % for HR dept, 50 % for Finance dept etc, make sure that the total is 100 % . So when a journal entry for that expense is made the respective departments expense account gets debited as per the distribution. It control goes in a loop and performs the calculations as per the distributions defined.

2.6 Intercompany Journal Transactions

Make sure that in SOB, Journaling Panel you check the balance Interfold Journals. Make sure that your Intercompany Receivables and Intercompany Payables In A/C segment. Define the Interfold A/cs in Interfold A/C form. Source Other, Category Other Balance By Summary A/C

In Current Assets: Intercompany Receivables Current Liability Intercompany Payables Check out the fields Due from A/c and Due to A/C.

E.g. Intercompany Transaction: IBM Pune is purchasing some Services from IBM Banglore. In absence of Intercompany:

In Books of Pune Purchase A/C Dr 19,000

To Sales 19,000

But In case of Intercompany transaction Journal -> New Journal Banglore Purchase 19,000 To Pune Sales 19,000 This is an Intercom any Purchase. In Intercom any transaction Cash A/C Bank wont be considered as in Intercom any there wont be any flow of cash. After posting the above entry check the journal entries, and notice that two lines has got added.

A/c Purchase 19,000 Sales 19,000 Intercom any Receivables 19,000 Intercom any Payables 19,000

One can define various Intercompany transactions and can enable the Accrual, Invoicing and Tax Features. As well one can set up a global Inter the Global Interfund System manages interfund transactions between multiple subsidiaries within a global organization. For that u can create the GIS responsibility, Define the necessary sets of books for GIS interfund transactions.

2.7 Budgets:

In Setup -> Financials -> Books -> Set Of Books -> Enable the Budgetary Controls.

There are two types of Budgets 1. Advisory - It will allow you to go beyond Budget) 2. Absolute (It wont allow you to go beyond Budget)

Budgetary - Budgetary Panel Enable Budgetary Control Require Budgets Journal

Reserve for Encumbrance - Can Enter the Encumbrance A/C in this screen.

Budgets -> Define

Make Sure about the Budget status and the periods. One can use ranges to assign the budget to the range accounts specified or Can use range assignments to enable the individual a/c options and to change the funds check levels.

Once the Budgets are defined then enter the Budgets Journal Select the Predefined Budget Organization and one can assign different amounts for each accounting period.

Enter A/C periods from To go to worksheet mode

Create Journals Enter the Journal Batch and the Category as Budget. Mark Check Funds ok, Reverse Funds ok. View the result (will show that a Budget Entry has been created). In the Journal you will find only one line i.e. the Dr entry. The 2nd entry i.e. the credit entry Cr is the Budget defined.

Now check if Budget Works or Not , Just try posting an entry with less amount and with excess amount .

2.8 Consolidation

Consolidated Set of Books

Consolidation is the period-end process of combining the financial results of separate subsidiaries with the parent organization to form a single, combined statement of financial results. The Global Consolidation System (GCS) provides the flexibility to help you manage your consolidation needs regardless of your organization structure.

Consolidated data is required at the end of year usually when companies prepare their balance sheets. Decide the Global Set of Books Get the Parent SOB and the Subsidiary SOB; keep the Method as Transaction / Balance. Prepare the Mappings, Mapping Sets as we have to map the subsidiary A/C to Parent A/C.

Remember that we have to map the Subsidiary A/C to Parent A/C. Use Accounting Rules

After defining the Accounting Rules for the Subsidiary Accounts Transfer the Consolidation Data Set. Enter the period , One can define the elimination set to eliminate the transactions .create eliminate set if u want to eliminate Automatic Interfund Eliminations or certain formulae based eli minations can be done.

3.0 Financial Statement Generator: Reporting tool

Generate financial reports, such as statements of revenues, expenditures, and changes in fund balance and balance sheets, based upon data in your general ledger. Suppose we want to prepare a report as given below

INCOME Accounts of Income Other Services xxx

xxx

TOTAL OF INCOME xxx

EXPENDITURE Accounts of Expenditure . xxx . xxx

TOTAL EXPENDITURE xxx NET PROFIT OR NET LOSS XXX

How we will prepare the above report by using FSG

Define Rows Line 1 Heading, No account assignment is required for line 1. Line 2 Income Accounts Go to Account Assignment for line 2

Sign Low High + zz.Parent zz.Parent - If it is a parent it will auto take the Childs (or We can Include various Income Lines if dont want to specify Parent)

Line 3 Total of Income Before - = and After - =

Go to Calculation Part Seq Operand Low High 1+22 This does the total of Income.

Same way we can define the Expenditure A/Cs as well Suppose we are utilizing line 4 ,5, 6 for Expenditures Next step is to find out the Net Profit or Loss Line 7 Line Item - Net Profits or Loss Before- = After - =

Calculations

1 + 3 (total Exp) 6 (Total Income)

Define Column Set Position - 45 (say) Sequence - 1

Column Name Amount

Attach the Column Set and the Row Set with the Report Run the Financial report to get the above output .

GL -> Reports -> Define -> Row Set

Define - > Rows

Same way Define the column set for amount. Run the Report.

4.0 Major Interfaces:

GL interface GL_INTERFACE GL Daily Rates Interface GL_DAILY_RATES GL Budget GL_BUDGETS


Interface Details

4.1 Journal Interface (Overview)

General Steps - Take sample entries - Check how the entries are entered manually in APPS's FrontEnd - Check in front end what mandatory columns have to be entered Also check what are the columns that APPS's populated . - Check what data from the sample entries i.e.not entered in the Front End where for eg. We might have to create or use Different values. - During the transaction also check if the user does any manual Validation or links

GENERAL LEDGER INTERFACE (GL INTERFACE) Brief Description:

This interface will populate the GL_INTERFACE table. After Populating the GL_INTERFACE Table Journal Import Program should be Executed, Journal Import Program will populate the Base Tables e.g. GL_JE_LINES, GL_JE_HEADERS, GL_JE_BATCHES with the appropriate data. You can use the GL_JOURNAL_IMPORT_PKG and GL_INTERFACE_CONTROL table for Multi Table Import.

Journal Import Program EXE Name is: GLLEZL

- Journal import The Journal Import program requires approximately 1.4 megabytes of memory to run. - If you want Journal Import to assign sequential numbers to your Journal entries enable sequential numbering, specifying Automatic as both your numbering and document generation method. - Disable dynamic insertion. Journal Import runs much faster when it does not have to create new account combinations dynamically. - To give accounts u can use either segments or code combination id.ONLY used either the segment1, segment2... OR use code combination id for insert data. DO NOT USE BOTH.IN CASE BOTH ARE USED THE segment values are used to identify the account. Journal Import does not allow null values in enabled segments. The segment data has to be of exact length has defined in the segments. If an invalid code combination id is entered

CASE 1 Suspense posting is disabled The invalid code combination ID is printed in Journal Import Execution Report. CASE 2 Suspense posting is enabled

Prints only the segment value separators in Journal Import Execution Report.

RECOMMENDED

Disabled suspense posting if entering code combination id.Journal Import data will be removed from the GL_INTERFACE table after it is successfully imported.

GENERAL LEDGER SETUP > SYSTEM > CONTROL - to setup the history

List of Mandatory as well as non mandatory columns

1. STATUS - Enter the value NEW for bringing new data in GL 2. SET_OF_BOOKS_ID - You can find a list of valid values in the SET_OF_BOOKS_ID column of the Sets of Books table (GL_SETS_OF_BOOKS.SET_OF_BOOKS_ID). e.g. - SELECT SET_OF_BOOKS_ID, NAME FROM GL_SETS_OF_BOOKS; 3. USER_JE_SOURCE_NAME - journal entry source name list of valid values in > (GL_JE_SOURCES.USER_JE_SOURCE_NAME). 4. USER_JE_CATEGORY_NAME - journal category name list of valid values in > (GL_JE_CATEGORIES.USER_JE_ CATEGORY_NAME). 5. ACCOUNTING_DATE - GL automatically assigns your journal batch to the accounting period that includes your accounting date. 6. If average balance processing is enabled, Effective Date Rules to validate the accounting date against your transaction calendar to determine the transactions effective date. 7. CURRENCY_CODE: list of valid values in (FND_CURRENCIES. CURRENCY_CODE) 8. DATE_CREATED : for info. Only, not reflected in GL application

9. CREATED_BY: Enter an ID that you can use to identify the data coming from your feeder system. 10. ACTUAL_FLAG: Enter the value A for actual amounts, B for Budget Amounts or E for encumbrance amounts. The value entered here affects the entry in 1. Encumbrance_type_id 2. Budget_version_id 11. ENCUMBRANCE_TYPE_ID: IF 'E' is entered in actual flag. List of values in > (GL_ ENCUMBRANCE_TYPES. ENCUMBRANCE_TYPE_ID). SQL to get it > SELECT ENCUMBRANCE_TYPE_ID, ENCUMBRANCE_TYPE FROM GL_ENCUMBRANCE_TYPES WHERE ENABLED_FLAG = Y; 12. BUDGET_VERSION_ID: if 'B' is entered in actual flag. 13. PERIOD_NAME: Many a times User Parameter. 14ENTERED_DR:, ENTERED_CR: 15. USER_CURRENCY_CONVERSION_TYPE: put as 'USER' 16. CURRENCY_CONVERSION_RATE: Enter or take it from 17. ACCOUNTED_DR: converted dr amt.

18. ACCOUNTED_CR: converted cr amt. 19. REFERENCE1 (Batch Name): Enter the Batch Name. 20. REFERENCE2 (Batch Description): 21. REFERENCE4 (Journal entry name): 22. REFERENCE5 (Journal entry description): 23. REFERENCE6 (Journal entry reference): 24. REFERENCE24

25. GROUP_ID: Any unique string can serve as group id. 26. ATTRIBUTE1 through ATTRIBUTE 10: for descriptive flex fields

Required NULL Columns in the GL_INTERFACE Table

1. REFERENCE3: Do not enter a value in this column. 2. REFERENCE11 through REFERENCE20: Do not enter a value in this Column. 3. TRANSACTION_DATE: Do not enter a value in this column. 4. JE_BATCH_ID: Do not enter a value in this column. 5. JE_HEADER_ID: Do not enter a value in this column. 6. JE_LINE_NUM: Do not enter a value in this column. 7. CHART_OF_ACCOUNTS_ID: Do not enter a value in this column. 8. FUNCTIONAL_CURRENCY_CODE: Do not enter a value in this column. 9. DATE_CREATED_IN_GL: Do not enter a value in this column. 10. WARNING_CODE: Do not enter a value in this column. 11. STATUS_DESCRIPTION: Do not enter a value in this column. 12. DESC_FLEX_ERROR_MESSAGE: Do not enter a value in this column. 13. REQUEST_ID: Do not enter a value in this column. 14. SUBLEDGER_DOC_SEQUENCE_ID: Do not enter a value in this column. 15. SUBLEDGER_DOC_SEQUENCE_VALUE: Used for communication between General Ledger and the sub ledgers. Do not populate with your own data. THE SQL USED TO INPUT THE DATA INTO PRE-INTERFACE TABLE

MULTI TABLE IMPORT Using alternative tables can help you improve performance since Journal Import more efficiently processes high volumes of data from multiple tables than from the single GL_INTERFACE table. Professionals creating data load routines can choose which interface table to put the data in, and whether the table should be dropped when Journal Import completes successfully.

Prerequisites

1. Data must have both a source and group ID.

To use MultiTable Journal Import

General Ledger provides you with the Journal Import Package (GL_JOURNAL_IMPORT_PKG) to create a new interface table and Populate the GL_INTERFACE_CONTROL table.

Below are the steps to follow to use MultiTable Journal Import:

1. Create a new interface table. New interface tables must have the same columns as the GL_INTERFACE table but you can add more If your needs require. 2. Populate the new interface table with data.

3. Populate the GL_INTERFACE_CONTROL table with one record for each source/group ID combination that was put into the Interface table. Specify a table name that the data is to be retrieved from for Each Combination. Specify what should be done with the data once it has been processed. 4. Start Journal Import using the Import Journals window. Specify each of the source/group ID combinations that you want to Import. If there are multiple tables, Journal Import will be launched multiple times. 5. If Journal Import indicates that the data is erroneous, then correct the data using the Correct Journal Import Data window or delete it using the Delete Journal Import Data window. If You choose to correct it, and then start Journal Import again using Import Journals window.

4.2 Daily Rates

II Loading Multicurrency Rates

GL_DAILY_RATES INTERFACE:

This interface can be used to load the data in to GL_DAILY_RATES Table. Eg. When the client is a organization dealing with share market then needs to keep the track of the Daily Currency rates.

General Ledger provides the GL_DAILY_RATES_INTERFACE Table that you can use to automatically insert, update, or delete daily rates in the GL_DAILY_RATES table. General Ledger validates the rows in the interface table before making changes in the GL_DAILY_RATES table.

One can specify a range of conversion dates; the system inserts, updates, or deletes one row in GL_DAILY_RATES for each date in your range.

EG. If the Currency conversion rate is specified for 01-oct-97 to 03-oct-97 then three rows will get inserted In GL_DAILY_RATES Table.

Specify From To Currency Currency JPY USD 01OCT97 Spot .0083 JPY USD 02OCT97 Spot .0083

JPY USD 03OCT97 Spot .0083

As well the Reverse Currency Information also gets inserted automatically

From To Currency Currency

USD JPY 01OCT97 Spot 120.482 USD JPY 02OCT97 Spot 120.482 USD JPY 03OCT97 Spot 120.482

The insert, update, or deletion of rates in GL_DAILY_RATES is done automatically by database triggers on the GL_DAILY_RATES_INTERFACE table.

You do not need to run any import programs. You only need to develop an automated process that populates the interface table with your daily rates information.

The columns in GL_DAILY_RATES_INTERFACE are described below.(columns marked with * are mandatory)

1. FROM_CURRENCY * Source Currency 2. TO_CURRENCY * Target Currency

3. FROM_CONVERSION_DATE * Starting Conversion Date 4. TO_CONVERSION_DATE * Ending Conversion Date (The difference should not exceed 366 days) 5. USER_CONVERSION_TYPE * Spot / Corporate / 6. CONVERSION_RATE * Currency Conversion Rate 7. MODE_FLAG * - D To delete the Matching Rows, I Insert new Rows. 8. INVERSE_CONVERSION_RATE If not specified gets Inserted automatically. 9. USER_ID The following Query Can be used Select user_id from fnd_user where user.name=<user name> 10. ERROR_CODE 11. LAUNCH_RATE_CHANGE Y - If you want the rate change program to run automatically 12. CONTEXT - The descriptive flex field context. 13. ATTRIBUTE1 14 - Any descriptive flex field information associated with the daily rate.

Important tables and their relationship

5.0 IMPORTANT TABLES:

1. GL_BALANCES Stores actual, summary and encumbrance balances for detail and summary accounts. This table stores the functional currency, foreign currency and statistical balances for each accounting period that has ever been opened. Posting Performs update of GL_BALANCES and delete of GL_BC_PACKETS.

ACTUAL FLAG - "A" / "B" / "E" for actual, budget, encumbrance balances. PERIOD_NET_DR, PERIOD_NET_CR Period Activity is stored. Also stores the BEGIN_BALANCE_DR, BEGIN_BALANCE_CR. Year-to-date balance = begin_balance_dr + begin_balance_cr + period_net_dr period_net_cr. 2. GL_CODE_COMBINATIONS: stores valid account combinations for each Accounting Flex field structure within your Oracle General Ledger application. Associated with each account are certain codes and flags, including whether the account is enabled, whether detail posting or detail budgeting is allowed, and others.

3. GL_SETS_OF_BOOKS: stores the set_of_books_id, chart_of_accounts_id, Name, Suspense_allowed_flag, Currency_code etc.

4. GL_JE_HEADERS: GL_JE_HEADERS stores journal entries. There is a oneto many relationship between journal entry batches and journal entries. Each row in this table includes the associated batch ID, the journal entry name and description, and other information about the journal entry. This table corresponds to the Journals window of the Enter Journals form. STATUS is U for unposted, P for posted journals.

4. GL_JE_LINES - GL_JE_LINES stores the journal entry lines that you enter in the Enter Journals form. There is a onetomany relationship between journal entries and journal entry lines. Each row in this table stores the associated journal entry header ID, the line number, the associated code combination ID, and the debits or credits associated with the journal line. STATUS is U for unposted or P for posted.

5. GL_JE_BATCHES: GL_JE_BATCHES stores journal entry batches. Each row includes the batch name, description, status, running total debits and credits, and other information. This table corresponds to the Batch window of the Enter Journals form. STATUS is U for unposted, P for posted, S for selected, I for in the process of being posted. Other values of status indicate an error condition. STATUS_VERIFIED is N when you create or modify an unposted journal entry batch. The posting program changes STATUS_VERIFIED to I when posting is in process and Y after posting is complete.

6. GL_JE_SOURCES : stores journal entry source names and GL_JE_SOURCES _TL Stores the descriptions.

7. GL_PERIOD_STATUTES: GL_PERIOD_STATUSES stores the statuses of your accounting periods. Each row includes the accounting period name and status. Other applications maintain their calendars in this table, so each row also includes the relevant application identifier. CLOSING_STATUS is either O for open, F for future enterable, C for closed, P for permanently closed, or N for never opened.

Global Intercompany System

GL_JEA_TRANSACTIONS GL_JEA_TRANSACTION_LINES etc.

Global Consolidation System

GL_CONSOLIDATION

GL_CONS_SEGMENT_MAP GL_CONS_BATCHES GL_CONSOLIDATION_ACCOUNTS GL_CONSOLIDATION_SETS etc.

Budgets

GL_BUDGETS GL_BUDGET_ENTITIES GL_BUDGET_PERIOD_RANGES etc.

6.0 IMPORTANT REPORTS Listing:

General Ledger Reports can be mainly categorized as 1. Account Analysis Reports 2. Budget Reports and Listings 3. Account Structure Reports 4. Trial Balance Reports 5. Multicomapny Accounting and Consolidation Reports 6. Miscellaneous Reports 7. Account Structure Reports 8. Currency Listing Reports

9. Financial Statement Generator Reports

Report Screen Shots

1. Account Analysis Report (132 Char)

Account Hierarchy Report

Trial Balance (Summary)

Row Set Summary Listing

FSG Report Revenue Expenditure Listing