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GSM BASED CONTROL SYSTEM

Abstract
This paper presents the development of GSM-based control system. The main aim of the prototype development is to reduce electricity wastage. GSM module was used for receiving short message service (SMS) from users mobile phone that automatically enable the controller to take any further action such as to switch ON and OFF the home appliances such as light, air-conditioner etc. The system was integrated with microcontroller and GSM network interface using assembly language. MPLAB software was utilized to accomplish the integration. The system is activated when user sends the SMS to controller at home. Upon receiving the SMS command, the microcontroller unit then automatically controls the electrical home appliances by switching ON or OFF the device according to the user order. In other word, it read message from the mobile phone and response to control the devices according to the received message. The prototype has been successfully developed and it could provide an effective mechanism in utilizing the energy source efficiently.

Keywords
GSM, Control

Introduction The development of digital information has led the rapid change in human lifestyle. The use of electricity is very important as one of the main source of energy that is vital in today modern life. Some kinds of mechanism using available technology could be used to reduce wastage in electricity usage. Thus a prototype based on a microcontroller device using SMS is developed. It can automatically control any electrical equipment at home remotely using mobile phone. Hence the electrical energy saving in daily life can be made more efficient and effective. As the technology grows, SMS technology has been widely accepted as a part of medium of communication. The purpose of using SMS is to provide widest coverage at minimal cost. Therefore the use of SMS would facilitate in controlling the electrical device at home from long distance and low in maintenance and independent from any physical geographical boundary. At the present time, people use electrical energy as one of the main source of power of energy to operate any electrical device or appliance. Most of the people turn on the light for 24 hours per day when they are away from home. Leaving the light turned on continuously, lead to energy waste. Thus this project is proposed to develop a system is to facilitate the home owner to optimize usage of electricity remotely using SMS. Light turned on continuously and it leads to energy waste. Thus this research is carried out to provide a mechanism through the development of a prototype to provide a service to the home owner to optimize the usage of electricity through remote control using SMS services.

Using GSM networks, a control system has been proposed that will act as an embedded system which can monitor and control appliances and other devices locally using built-in input and output peripherals. Remotely the system allows the user to effectively monitor and control the house/office appliances and equipments via the mobile phone set by sending commands in the form of SMS messages and receiving the appliances status. The main concept behind the project is

receiving the sent SMS and processing it further as required to perform several operations. The type of the operation to be performed depends on the nature of the SMS sent. First, the sent SMS is stored and polled from the receiver mobile station and then the required control signal is generated and sent to the intermediate hardware that we have designed according to the command received in form of the sent message. The messages are sent from the mobile set that contain commands in written form which are then processed accordingly to perform the required task. Objectives: The project GSM based Control System at the title suggests is aimed to construct a control system that enables the complete control of the interface on which it is based. General objectives of the project are defined as; a. To co-ordinate appliances and other devices through Short Message Service(SMS). b. To effectively receive and transmit data via SMS c. To eliminate the need of being physically present in any location for tasks involving the operation of appliances within a household/office. d. Minimize power and time wastage Architecture:

Figure: Model of GSM based Control System


Working Procedure:

The figure shown below is the simple illustration of how home automation is carried out using GSM. From the above representation, the first Mobile station is used as a transmitting section

from which the subscriber sends text messages that contain commands and instructions to the second mobile station which is based on a specific area where our control system is located. The received SMS message is stored in the SIM memory of the phone and then extracted by the microcontroller and processed accordingly to carry out specific operations. The relay driver (BUFFER ULN2003) is used to drive the relay circuits which switches the different appliances connected to the interface. The LCD is used to indicate the status of the operation performed by the microcontroller and also its inclusion makes the overall system user-friendly. The input from different senors are feed to microcontroller and processed to operate respective task autonomously.

GSM Based Control System

Fig. System Operation Flow Diagram Assuming that the control unit is powered and operating properly, the process of controlling a device connected to the interface will proceed through the following steps; The remote user sends text messages including commands to the receiver. GSM receiver receives messages sent from the user cell phone. GSM receiver decodes the sent message and sends the commands to the microcontroller. Microcontroller issues commands to the appliances and the devices connected will switch ON/OFF. ALGORITHM Step 1: Start Step 2: Phone initialization Step 3: Get Hardware Software Step 4: Poll SMS from mobile phone Step 5: If new SMS received go to step3 else, go to step1 Step 6: Receive SMS Step 7: Check SMS pattern Step 8: Control the device based on status Step 9: Notify end user Step 10: Go to step1
Flowchart

Future Scope:

1) Possibility of confirming the devices initial condition (status) using short messaging system(SMS) 2) Though mobile in the control panel required to be charged, therefore charging system should be automated which meant a timer can be implemented so that mobile can be charged after a certain period and disconnected from the charger when not required. 3) The system can be expanded to provide such control over the GPRS. In this way, the capabilities of the internet can be combined with the capabilities of our physical line free communication system. Furthermore, by adding a closed loop control facility, the system capabilities can be improved.

Conclusion: Mobile phones have become an indispensable part of our life. Our system uses a controller and a cellular phone for its operations. The systems can be used as a test bed for any application that requires on-off switching based applications. Wireless controlled home appliances in the comforts of any environment will revolutionize our way of living. Controlling appliances remotely by a cell phone will one day become a reality and one should give thanks to the capabilities of HACS(Home Appliance Control System). HACS might one day become a standard system in the new homes to come.