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The Abbreviated Letters (the Muqatta`at ) in the Quran a Solution

by
Robert Kerson
8/11/2012
The Quran has a mystery of disconnected letters at the beginning of a number of Surahs
(Chapters). Over the centuries many attempts have been made to explain this. What I purpose is
another in a long line of attempts done over many centuries. The reader must be aware this is
presented as a theory, and as such is only as strong in making a case as the evidence I am
presenting. It was never considered possible to explain the Muqattaat in a unified and in a
completely comprehensive manner. But this paper does just that with statistical, geometric and
mathematical proofs.
The theory that the letters were old abbreviations of the Basmalah has a number of problems
to overcome: explaining why the number of Surahs having groups of two to five Muqattaatt
letters were the same number of letters constituting the 28 letter alphabet? Why did an additional
single unique letter (nuun) making a total of 29 Muqattaat letters correspond with the addition of
a single unique special letter called hamza to the 28 regular letter alphabet making a total of 29
letters? Why were the number of alphabet letters used exactly half the number of regular letters
(14 is half of 28)? Another example of the use of the number 14 concerns the grouping of letters.
Why were the letters grouped from single letters, two letters, three letters, four letters, and five
letter combinations?1. This paper easily answers all of these questions and more.
This requires the current new Arabic alphabetic order (called the hija`i order) an ordering of
the alphabet which groups letters by similar appearance.
1. With a pen draw this alphabetic order of letters in a particular arranged pattern which I have
rediscovered residing in a non- Arabic source predating the Quran by many centuries and also
being utilized by a number of different cultures. (These facts are fully discussed in my book. I
have not made up conceived this pattern by any means.) I call this the Cos2 Pattern (see Fig. 1).

The Mysterious letters of the Koran. Old Abbreviations of the Basmalah, James A.
Bellamy, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 93, no 3(Jul-Sept.), 1973, pp. 267-285
2

See appendix at end of article concerning the Cos Pattern

Fig. 1. The Arabic alphabet placed on the Cos Pattern


Numbering of letters shown below letters. Black bars placed over Abbreviated Letters.

2. Taking the abbreviated Letters (the Muqatta`at), line by line as written in Quran, without
lifting the pen between letters draw lines from each of the twelve points representing each
grouping of two or three letters in the Cos Pattern. The resulting design3 is a solution. Thus you
would draw the letters Alif, laam, miim r q U a line from the letter Alif ( U ) grouping to the

letter laam ( q ) grouping, and without lifting the pen draw another line from the letter laam ( q )
to the letter miim ( r ). ( see Fig. 2).

The design drawn out is not a real image of any living thing and hence is not an offence
to the Quran. The design has even less realism then can be seen in images of animals such as
lions drawn out of strokes of Arabic letters which was and still is an ancient art form. Also, the
drawings are very crude for example, the descending dove has no feathers or joints drawn, the
body has no head nor feet nor even a body but consists merely of a vertical stroke to represent the
body of a dove.
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Fig. 2. letters alif laam miim draw these lines:

The next line repeats the first, so no change occurs in the drawing. The reputation of lines allows
the final count to be 29 lines, the significance of which will be discussed later.
The next line creates the closed pattern h r q U
Fig. 3. Letters alif laam miim saad draws out these letters
Previously drawn lines shown dashed. New drawn line shown solid.

The next line creates the mirror imaged pattern d q U.

Fig. 4. Letters alif laam raa draws out these lines


Previously drawn lines shown dashed. New drawn line shown solid.

The next line creates a closure


d r q U
Fig. 5. Letters alif laam miim raa draws out these lines
Previously drawn lines shown dashed. New drawn line shown solid.

Note the perfect pattern of creating one wing then another of a descending dove created by the
letters in Surahs 2, 3, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15, a major proof this was not a random use of
letters, but a definite geometrical plan.
The entire pattern can be drawn out without repetitions by 11 lines which are found in the
following Surahs (Chapters) 2, 7, 10, 13, 19, 26, 38, 40, 42, 50, 68.

Fig. 6. The full completed pattern (This figure is redrawn in the appendix to show the
mirror image of two of the lines.)
color coding described in text.

If you do not know the Cos Pattern nor do you know that the hijai alphabetic pattern must be
laid out on the Cos Pattern, and that the abbreviated letters are used to draw connecting lines, then
the letters are a complete mystery as you are lacking the keys. Letters are not abbreviations, nor do
they represent numbers. They simple are placed to create the above pattern. If the alphabet order
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were different, other letters in place would still create this same pattern.
I can subdivide the pattern into the following six parts: the Descending Dove (D. Dove) [black
lines], the Moses snake/staff addlines [red lines], the Leaf Line [light blue line], the two
ambiguous ink spots [yellowish circles], and the single fish/pen unambiguous Ink Spot [blue
spot]. Note- the Leaf Line is not drawn after the D. Dove lines but after the Addlines, which
means the doves image does not have a leaf in its mouth until after the extra addlines are added.
This makes the image even less representational of a descending dove holding an olive leaf in its
mouth.
The lines drawing the Descending Dove created the pattern of a dove at the moment of
touchdown with wings uplifted. This dove involves the story of Jonah (a dove in Hebrew and
Arabic) and a great fish. A particular olive leaf bearing dove is described in the Torahs story of
Noah and the great flood. The Moses snake/staff add lines draws out a pattern of an upright staff
thrown down on the ground to become a horizontal snake, then changing back into the upright
staff. A letter meaning snake is one of the letters drawing out this snake. A single line in the
beak of the dove, can be seen as an olive leaf in the beak of the descending dove (D. Dove). Two
single Arabic letters will draw out two ambiguous ink spots, i.e. they may be part of the D. Dove
or part of the addline portion of the design. A single letter meaning fish or pen appearing
nowhere else in the letter order, draws out a single penned unambiguous ink spot (this ink spot
was neither an add line nor a line making the descending dove.)
(Because the serpent- cobra like addlines are somewhat hard to envision, I have put them
separately here. Note how near vertical staff can be lowered to the ground and vice versa. Also
note how the cobra like head seems to stretch out on the ground.)
Fig. 6a. Detail of addlines a snake into a staff

Which letters were chosen and which were rejected may have been chosen by the following
method:
1. The total number of letters used in the Muqatta`at is half the number of letters in the alphabet-14-- or half of 28 (a special letter called hamza ( ) or 29th letter and the significance of the
numbers 14, 28, and 29 will be detailed later. )
2. The letters X Z c e k u ( these letters are the 3rd, 5th, 9th, 11th, 17th , and 27th letters of this
alphabetic order) were rejected because they are in groups not part of the line pattern.
3. Of the letters which are in groups connecting lines, only letters of a unique shape or dot free
forms of letters were chosen. This allows thirteen letters: w o r q p h j h f d b ` U
4. These letters were mandatory: s because the letter means fish and pen and the design was

drawn by a pen and fish is important as explained later. j because the letter means snake and a

snake / staff of Moses are in the design as explained later. The letter o also was mandatory to be
used as a letter because it was needed to complete the drawing of the lined figure. Thus this three
letter grouping unitizes each of the three letters in order from left to right.
We now have a total of 15 letters: w o s r q p o h j h f d b ` U If one letter was
removed the total would be 14 letters, but which one to remove?
5. The mirror image of the letter o on the Cos Pattern is the letter b . As we added the former
letter, so they could have removed the latter. Now we have a total of 14 letters which are:
w o o s r q p h j h f d ` U which are the 14 letters used in the Qurans Segment
Letters.
Noting the existence of the following absolute rule offers very important proof that I am
duplicating the Segment Letters as they were first worked 1600 years ago. (Turn to Fig. 1 and
Table 1 for all of the following.) The rule: In any location having two or more Segment Letters,
the letters always are introduced (first letter to be written) line by line in the Qur'an left to right.
Examples: Laam( q ) is introduced before Qaaf ( p ), which reads before Kaaf ( o ) at location in
bottom row. Examination of Table 1 from line (29) to line (1) reveals the proceeding sentence is
true. The reader can find many more examples of introducing new letters left to right. This rule of
introducing letters left to right is never violated.
The statistical probability of this being do to random chance is 1 chance in 1x10 13. This is
even more remarkable considering the alphabetic order in Figs. 1 and 6 is reading left to right in
the top half and is reading right to left in the bottom half. But the line by line rule consistently
introduces letters left to right, reversing the alphabetic order of the bottom half.

Table 1
Table is fully discussed within the text.
First column
The counting pattern of 2-7-2-7-2 consecutive lines.
Second column - Surah number. Adding twelve to previous numbers are shown with
fancy brackets { }. The pattern is advanced by 11 lines shown in
bold.
Third column - Type of line shown color coded as in Fig. 6.
Fourth column- Arabic letters per Surah number. Asterisk on two related Surahs.
Fifth ColumnLeft hand side shows GoRound number. Right hand side shows in
round brackets the first 14 numbers of first and second
GoRounds and single number in third GoRound. The square
brackets show the total Go Round count.

count lines

Surah number

type of line
(color coded)

Surah letters

GoRound/counts

2 {2+12=14}

D. Dove

rqU

(1) [1]

D. Dove

rqU

(2) [2]

D. Dove

hrqU

10

D. Dove

11

(3) [3]

dqU

(4) [4]

D. Dove

dqU

(5) [5]

12

D. Dove

dqU

(6) [6]

13

D. Dove

d rq U

(7) [7]

14 {14 +12=26}

D. Dove

dqU

(8)

[8]

15

D. Dove

dqU

(9)

[9]

19

Snake/Addline

hlw o p

(10) [10]

20

Snake/Addline

o j

(11) [11]

26 {26+12=38}

Snake/Addline

rf j

(12) [12]

27

Snake/Addline

f j

(13) [13]

28

Snake/Addline

r f j

(14) [14]

29

D. Dove

rqU

(1)

30

D. Dove

rqU

(2) [16]

31

D. Dove

rqU

(3) [17]

32

D. Dove

rqU

(4) [18]

[15]

36

Snake/Addline

fw

---------

37 skip a space

38 {38+12=50}

Ambiguous ink
spot on line
pattern

39 skip a space

40

Leaf Line

r `

(7) [21]

41

Leaf Line

r `

(8) [22]

42

Leaf Line-- two


letters on top. in
mouth, on head
of dove.

r `

(9) [23]

-----------

(5) [19]

(6) [20]

of l

addline. Three
letters finish
connecting
design on feet of
dove

5
43

Leaf Line

r `

(10) [24]

44

Leaf Line

r `

(11) [25]

45

Leaf Line

r `

(12) [26]

46

Leaf Line

r `

(13) [27]

50

Ambiguous ink
spot on line
pattern

(14)[28]

68 {56+12 = 68}

Unambiguous
The Ink Spot

(1) [29]

10

The segment letters were composed of single letters, two letters combinations, three letters
combinations, four letter combinations, and five letter combinations within 29 surahs (chapters or
) as shown in Table 1.
Just as letters may be placed on the Cos Pattern, so too can numbers be placed on the same
pattern. Below is the counting of numbers from 1 to 180. The Cos Pattern is drawn as red lines.
There is a theory that the letters are initials of the compilers of the surahs. This is highly
unlikely since I have demonstrated the letters are following a specific order to draw out this
pattern. This is most noticeable in with the placement of the letters o and s.
Likewise, the specific order of surahs having these letters as detailed in the next section
makes it highly unlikely this was randomly arranged.

Fig. 7. Counting from 1 to 180 on the Cos Pattern


The bottom row of numbers in the bottom squares are the numbers of the first
GoRound. The bottom row of numbers in the next above squares are the numbers of
the second GoRound. The bottom row of numbers in the next above squares are the
numbers of the third GoRound. Numbers above 114 in the fifth GoRound are of no
significance in this paper and are not discussed. The Cos Pattern is drawn as red lines.

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12

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Twenty eight numbers will count out one repetition around the twelve two and three groupings of
this pattern. I call each row a GoRound. The following table shows first five GoRounds starting
at the lowest or the first GoRound row having the numbers 1 through 28. A number of important
facts are revealed.
1. The first GoRound row of 28 numbers also can represent the 28 letters of the Alphabet. The
first number of the second GoRound row 29 can be a 29th letter. This letter, as seen in Fig. 1,
rides or is seen placed over number 1 the letter alif ( U ) (This letter occupies the position of the
tip of a cows horn. The letter means cow. Surah 2 is called the Cow. This position can also be
the base of a house and the non Abbreviated Letter meaning house or bet is at this position.) A
special Arabic 29th letter does exist which does in fact, have to ride over the alif ( U ) . This letter
called the hamza cannot exist without being attached to another letter. The design may be the
germinal idea for the hamza. ( ) The hamza riding over the alif looks like this : Q .

Table 2 The GoRound row numbers


Table shows locations of beginning and ending GoRound row numbers.
GoRound number

beginning number

ending number

first

1 letters start here

2 8 letters finish here

second

29

56

third

57

84

fourth

85

112

fifth

113

142

only hamza here

2. The start of the second GoRound begins with the number 29, followed by 30. These are the
important numbers of days within one month or the number of days the moon takes to repeat a
phase. If we see what numbers are directly above these two numbers in the fifth GoRound row,
we reach the numbers 113 and 114. Likewise the number ending the previous fourth GoRound
row is 112. The Quran nominally is composed of 112 (the end of the fourth GoRound) Surahs or
with two 113 and 114 closing the entire book. (Indeed, early copies did have 112 Surahs since
two Surahs 93/94 and 105/106 were once combined. As in the pattern, numbers 113 and 114 are
linked as the start of the fifth GoRound row, so also were Surahs 113 and 114 linked in the
Quran. Thus the major fact that there are exactly 114 is very significant because this matches
perfectly the numbering on this pattern. (The fifth GoRound is important as the number 5 is also
the number to times one is to pray daily.)
The number of surahs having letters is 29 or one GoRound plus the first number of the second
GoRound (28+1= 29). Then there are three more GoRounds plus the first two numbers of the fifth
GoRound makes the entire book [112 +(113 and 114)]. The number of surahs having letters is
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about 1/4 the total number of surahs, but it also can be seen in terms of GoRounds.
Table 1 shows which of the 29 Surahs have letter combinations. Table 1 and Fig. 7 above
shows where these Surahs are located on the Cos Pattern. A very important fact is revealed. In the
first GoRound there are 14 numbers, in the second GoRound there are 14 numbers, and in the
third GoRound row there is one number. The number 14 is important because there are exactly
14 letters making up the (and also the number of days in half a month). We can say that the
number 14 is half the number of letters in the Arabic alphabet (14+14=28). If we add the single
letter hamza( ) as the 29th letter, we get 14 +14+1= 29. This is identical with the Surah count
of 14 letters in the first GoRound row, 14 letters in the second, and 1 in the third.
Another important use of the number 14 is that the fourteenth letter of this order is the letter
saad ( h ) which happens to be one of three single letters in the Muqattaat. (The other two are
Kaaf
( o ) the final letter completing the drawing of the line design [D.Dove, Addlines, Leaf Line,

Ambigous spots] and the final letter of the pattern the nuun ( s ) which creates the final drawing-the Ink Spot.)
The former two letters of the line design also has a unique property: excluding the short central
horizontal Leaf Line (drawn by haa miim ( r ` ) seen in the bottom design, you can start at the

grouping where the right hand letter is Saad ( h ) seen as the upper left hand spot position in the
top design, you can draw the entire line pattern without ever lifting the pen or retracing over a
line, to reach the right hand letter Kaaf ( o ) seen as the lower spot position in the top design. (see
Fig. 8 below)
Fig. 8.
Full pattern below includes Leaf Line and Ink Spot. Top pattern lacks these two
elements.

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Use of Cos Pattern on the placement of lines


Now I shall demonstrate how the placement of lines could have been worked out using this
numbering placement on the Cos Pattern. Keeping in mind we must have 14 Surah numbers
within the first GoRound row and 14 Surah numbers with the second, we will start with the lowest
number other then Surah 1. ( Does not work well if we start with 1 and Surah 1 is the opening
Surah. Starting with Surah 2 we consecutively add the number 12 to each previous number. We
get 2+12 = 14 then 14 +12 = 26 then 26+12 = 38 then 38 +12 = 50. (We cannot add 50+12 =
62 because 62 is in the third GoRound row.) We must add the very significant number 12"
because the Cos Pattern is composed of 12" groupings. This accounts for five Surahs (Remember
5 is an important number of this design. There are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 letters in the various lines of letters.
)
What of the other 24 Surahs (12*2=24) making a total of 29 Surahs having letter groupings?
The master plan of how the Surahs were chosen and which letters were assigned to which Surah
could be the following: Consecutive Surahs have this arrangement 2, 7, 2, 7, 2, 7, 2. (It is quite
impossible for this being pure coincidence.) (See Table 1)
We started with Surah 2 having r q U . Then the consecutive Surah 3 has the same three letters.
This is the first 2 Surahs. Then comes 7 consecutive Surahs all having the letters either d q U
and an additional fourth letter either a h

or d . Note the pattern: Surah 7 which adds the letter

h after d q U . If we count 7 consecutive Surahs starting on from 7--- (7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15)

we reach another four letter Surah (15) which adds the letter d after the letters r q U . These are
the only two Surahs consisting of four letters. They are at the start and finish of this 7 count. The
added fourth letters are both in top corners of the Cos Pattern (see Fig. 3, 5, 6), and they both
make up the two tips of the doves wings. We have concluded drawing the dove and will
commence drawing out the Addlines starting with another group of 2 Surahs (19, 20). If we
examine the single 5 letters and two letters of Surah 19 and 20, you will notice they appear to
have some different letters, but when you examine Figs. 6 and 6a you will note that they both are
drawing out an identical segment of the starting five letter addline! Surah 20 has the letter
j which in Arabic means snake. This letter draws the addline snake. Also all three Surahs in the
Quran mentioning Moses staff and snakes (20, 27, and 28) have this letter which is very
significant. Next we count another 7 consecutive Surahs starting at Surah 26. Why number 26?
Remember we have to use Surah numbers 2, 14, 26, 38, and 50. These 7 Surahs (do not seem to
fit the pattern, but something else is occurring. The first three consecutive Surahs (26, 27, 28)
draw addlines. The last four consecutive Surahs (29, 30,31,32) draw out D.Dove lines. The
division between addline and D.Dove occurs exactly at the end of the first GoRound and the
beginning of the second (number 28 is the last number of the first Goround and 29 is the first
number of the second. See Fig. 6 and Table 2 ). Also if you count you will notice these are the 14
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Surahs of the first GoRound (2, 3, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 26, 27, 28).
Surah 26 has the letter j and surah 36 w has a different letter, but both letters draw out the
same line making the horizontal line at bottom of the design.
Now you will count the 14 Surahs of the second GoRound starting on 29. There are four
consecutive numbers (29, 30, 31, 32 ) repeating the first letter sequence of D. Dove lines. This
concludes this grouping of 7 Surahs. Next comes a grouping to 2 consecutive Surahs. One line
must have the number 38 as it is one of the 6 mandatory numbers 2, 14, 26, 38, 50.
If we were to count backwards from 38 and skip one number 37 we would reach number 36 a
single addline after a group of D.Dove lines. So we have the pattern of alternating D.Dove lines
with Addlines. Surah 36 is a special surah as it is considered the heart of the Quran in which all
major themes are contained within. (This surah is named for its abbreviated letters and not named
as a word.) Next we arrive at surah 38, the first important single letter h , one of three letters as
discussed previously in this paper.
Next comes the final group of 7 Surahs. Here we have the single Olive Leaf Line held in the
beak of the descending dove. The Leaf Line is draw out by the two letters r ` . (The letter r
means water in Hebrew and in Egyptian hieroglyphs. This letter has an association with water
because the olive leaf carried by a dove meant the waters of the flood was drying up. Thus a
number of letters have meanings which match the design seen in Fig. 6 and their respective Arabic
letters match details giving in their respective Surahs; Cow--snake fish water--- all are
discussed in this paper. These are further proofs my theory of the Abbreviated Letters is valid.)
Here are very important facts which help to prove this paper correctly explains the Muqattaat.
Look at the Leaf Line drawn by the letters r ` in Fig. 6. Now compare it with the locations of
the 7 Surahs which draw out this line (40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46) in Fig. 7. They are identical
locations on the Cos Pattern! Number 40 is the left most number of its grouping and number 46
is the right most number if its grouping. This will not work with any other arrangement such as
utilizing Surahs 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45 or Surahs 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47 since the former is
out of the two groupings, and the latter goes beyond the starting number of this grouping which is
46. Another fact: If you examine the design of the Cos Pattern, you will notice after the
numbering of 40, 41, 42, the line goes on a diagonal to numbers 43, 44, 45, 46 then a vertical line
up to number 46. Thus the numbering of the Surahs follows the design of the Cos Pattern and
is a major piece of evidence that the Cos Pattern existed and was utilized in the Muqattaat.
Surah 42 presents another major piece of evidence. This is the second 5 letter arrangement
(The other is the start of drawing Addlines in Surah 19.) This arrangement has the Leaf Line
drawing by two letters above three letters. The last letter ends in o. All three letters are o f l
. These three letters draw out the final lines of the figure with the final letter actually completing
the pattern. Now examine Fig. 6 and you will notice the head of the dove has the two letters r `
drawing out the Leaf Line, and the feet position of the dove has the three letters o f l

drawing out the final addlines completing the pattern. Thus the five letters of two above three you
see in the Quran are the actual arrangement of these same two above and three below for a
total of five letters made visible in Figs. 6 and 9 and 9a. These five letters in Surah 42 hold
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another important fact: this is the only place were the lines drawn match the lines of the Cos
Pattern. For example the letters alif laam draws a diagonal line not matching any line of the Cos
Pattern , but only here, the vertical line from the letters laam q to miim r does match a line of the
Cos Pattern. The letters r ` to o f l are on the same vertical line. (See Figs. 9 and 9a)

Also, the two letters which are in combination with other letters and are also found as single
letters h o (the ambiguous letters in table 1), are found at the top (the head of the descending
dove) and bottom (the feet of the descending dove) of the design and are on either side of the leaf
line r ` as if framing the leaf line.
The letters o f l are the last of the addlines after the final grouping of D.Dove and Addline

letters at surah 36.


Fig. 9. Overlapping Cos Pattern and Letter Muqattaat.
Cos pattern in red. Letter Muqattaat in blue. A red and a blue lines are parallel only
between two points highlighted in yellow where the five letters of Surah 42 ( r `
of l)
are located. (( r ) is the 24th letter of the Arabic Alphabet, ( q ) is the 23rd letter of the Arabic
Alphabet. See Figs. 1 and 6)

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Fig. 9a. The letters of Surah 42


last letters are at top and bottom of descending dove.

Also the letter sequence is r ` and not ` r . The lines are always drawn toward the dove and
never away from it.
Next we come to the final Surah from the first and second GoRounds the mandatory number
50. (2, 14, 26, 38, 50 ). (see Figs. 1, 10 and Table 1) First notice these are 5 numbers where the
number 5 is very important as it is the number of times one is to pray daily.
Also note that we find the second of the three single letters o the final letter within Surah 42
and as a single letter in Surah 50. Thus the line figure is drawn completed. No new letter
combinations occur between Surah 42 and 50. Again, as with the letter h , ( occurring as a
single letter in Surah 38) we would see this as a drawn ambiguous ink spot can be part of the D.
Dove or part of the Moses snake/staff addlines.
Finally we come to the final piece of the Muqattaat. (see Fig. 10) We have 14 Surah numbers in
the first GoRound row, and another 14 Surah numbers in the second making a total of 28 Surahs.
A single Surah can be added to make 29 Surahs, identical with the added hamza making the
29th letter of the alphabet. This Surah must be a number within the third GoRound row (a number
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greater than 56 see table 2). I believe someone took the last number of the second GoRound row - the number 56 and added the number 12 as shown previously with the additions of 12 starting on
the number 2. The number then becomes 56 + 12= 68 falling within the third Goround row.
Notice in Figs. 7 and 9, a grouping has the numbers 7 in the first GoRound row, 40, 41, 42, in the
second, and 68 in the third.
A single letter nuun ( s ) meaning fish or pen is in-- yes-- Surah 68 (This Surah talks about
Jonah the word means dove and he was the friend of a fish). If a single new letter is used it may
or may not connect with any of the lines drawn in previous lines. Since this letter is not paired
with any other in the Muqattaat, this letter must be drawn as an ink spot not connected to any
line.
Surah 68 is the location of the second oldest revelation revealed to Mohammed. If we add to 84,
the last number of third GoRound row, the number 12, we get 84+12=96 a number in the fourth
GoRound row. This number can be seen directly over number 68 in Fig. 7. As Surah 68 has the
second oldest revelation, so also does Surah 96 have the very first revelation revealed to
Mohammed. Notice the tie in between the placements of these important Surahs both having a
connection with the Abbreviated Letter Muqattaat. Although no number within the fourth
GoRound exists in the Muqattaat, the number 96 does have a hidden association with the last
Surah of the Muqattaat Surah 68.
Another relationship between Surah 68 and 96 is that the word pen on the Abbreviated Letter
nuun ( s ) in Surah 68 occurs in the beginning of Surah 96 where the word pen is written.
The preceding facts help to demonstrate that the Surahs of the Quran were laid out using the
principles demonstrated in this paper and go far beyond the statistical probability of being pure
chance.
The pattern of Fig. 6 is composed of 13 lines and adding the nuun (s ) ink spot we get a 14th
part. This pattern also is composed of a single line, two line combinations, three line
combinations, four line combinations, and five line combinations just as the Abbreviated Letter
Muqattaat is composed of single letters, two letter combinations, three letter combinations, four
letter combinations, and five letter combinations. (Also the pattern is composed of no (0) lines
which matches Surahs having no (0) letters.)
Here are important facts concerning these letters (see table 1): The D. Dove begins with the
letter alif (U ). The first wing of the descending dove is closed by the letter saad ( h ) in surah 7.
Both letters occupy the same location. The first addline begins with the letter p and ends with
the letter o both letters occupy the same location. These two letters h and o are singles

classified as ambiguous since they can be either part of the D. Dove or addline part of the pattern.
If a random pattern other then the Cos Pattern was to be chosen, or if another
arrangement of the alphabet were to be laid out on the Cos Pattern, the resulting design
would be a random series of lines and not the perfect design of Fig. 6. This strengthens the
argument, Fig. 6 is the correct design. Also it shows the series of letters such as alif, laam,
miim( r q U ) etc. is the correct letters needed to create Fig. 6, since thousands of other
groupings of letters would never create this exact design.
20

[There are other letters which can create the design, such as substituting ( n q g ) for ( r q U )
].
Fig. 10. Surah number locations on the Cos Pattern
The first or lowest GoRound is highlighted in red. The second GoRound up over the first is
highlighted in blue. The third GoRound over the second has only one number shown drawn in
green with a yellow background. The 14 numbers (2, 3, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20,
26, 27, 28) in the first GoRound are shown with red dots. The 14 numbers (29, 30, 31, 32,
36, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 50 ) in the second GoRound are shown with blue dots.
Only one Surah number ( 68) exists, the highest or last number in the third GoRound shown
with a green dot.

Taken from
chapter 6 of my
book Sacred
Stones Sacred
Stories vol. 1.

21

A design matching the length of Surahs in the Quran


Another interesting fact is that if we draw lines from the first of the eleven Surah numbers to the
last of the eleven Surah numbers utilized in the Muqattaat (2, 7, 10, 13, 19, 26, 38, 40, 42, 50, 68,) ,
and including the Surah 96 both discussed previously, we get a pattern that begins as long lines,
progressively becoming shorter until we are drawing very short lines at the end. This pattern mimics
a characteristic of the Surahs having the longest Surahs at the beginning, then becoming
progressively shorter with the final Surahs and the first revealed (Surah 96) located over Surah 68,
the final Surah of the letter Muqattaat, making a very short line. (See Fig. 11 below)

Fig. 11. On the Cos Pattern Surah Numbers connected by lines

22

The Number 19 on the Cos Pattern


Here are examples showing what the number 19 does on the Cos Pattern. The number 19 has a
unique property: If you repeatedly multiply 19's, you get
19*1= 19
19*2= 38
19*3= 57
19*4= 76
19*5= 95
19*6= 114
Of the numbers 5, 9, 25, 19 only the number 19 divides evenly into the last number 114. The
first number 19 and the last number 114 divide evenly. The Quran states there are 19 angels (Surah
74:30)
Looking at Fig. 12, you will notice the six numbers are in three of the groupings with two
groupings having two numbers on a diagonal slant, and one grouping having two numbers in a
vertical column. ( Compare Fig. 12 with both Figs. 6 and 7 for the following) One grouping (with
Surahs 57, 114) has many pattern lines as D. Dove, Addlines, Ambiguous Ink Spot lines including
the single letter Saad ( h ). Another grouping (with Surahs 38, 95) has no connection to the pattern
whatsoever. The third grouping ( with Surahs 19, 76) has the single Ink Spot. Thus all three parts of
the pattern is represented: the figure, no figure, and the single Ink Spot. This particular pattern is
unique as only counting by 19 will draw these three groupings in this arrangement. Only the number
19 is in the lowest first GoRound. The top number also must be divisible into whole numbers free
of factions. We know the top number must be 114 from Fig. 7. Then numbers 19, 38 and 57 would
all work, but only number 19 will create this particular pattern seen in Fig. 12 below.
The number 6 makes half the total of 12 locations on the full pattern. It also represents each half
of the pattern.

23

Fig. 12. Counting multiples of the number 19. Shown next to green dots.

24

Importance of the number 7 on the Cos Pattern


The number 7 is in a very important location of the Cos Pattern. It is in the center of the center top
half location (or counting six groupings from the first-- start-- group) within the 1st GoRound (See
Fig. 7)
Variants Of An Early Version Of Quran Explained
The three variants of an early version of the Quran in Surahs 26, 39, 42, 63 can all be explained.
On Surah 26 adding spaces does nothing to the line pattern. On Surah 39 the leaf line is not changed
but lengthened. But putting the two letters ha miim here is awful as it violates a number of
principles and counts. A better choice is to have the ha miim start on Surah 40 but never on Surah
39. This variant on Surah 42 is poor as it affects the counting of lines. The current numbering
beginning on Surah 42 is best. If you were to count two GoRounds, then Surah 68 would not exist.
Chronological Order Of Quranic Surahs Show Evidence Of Using Cos Pattern
The Surahs have a traditional order of Meccan Surahs revealed at Mecca being older then the
Medinah Surahs revealed later at Medinah. There are associations of Surahs with the Cos Pattern. I
will discuss these associations. Although there are some disagreements as to the chronological order
of the finally set into the Quran as Surahs, the order discussed here is the traditional one.
(See
Fig. 14) Firstly, the 86 Meccan Surahs can be subdivided into First (or early), Second, and Third
Meccan periods. Secondly another later 28 Madinah Surahs makes a total of 114 Surahs. The
Meccan Surahs are mostly higher numbered, just as the number 86 is a high number. The Madinah
Surahs are the last of the . Just as the number 28 is the last number before jumping to the first (top)
grouping. Also the number 28 is the last letter of the Arabic Alphabet Yaa ( w ) before jumping up
to the 29th hamza ( ) a special letter over alif ( U ).

Notice the Cos Pattern having numbers placed on it, contains 12 groupings at each of the 12
locations of the pattern.
25

Fig. 13. The Cos Pattern and its twelve groupings

26

Fig. 14. The First Grouping On The Cos Pattern


The first grouping (labeled 1') has the number 1' in a yellow square, at the start of the
pattern in the lower left hand corner the start of the first GoRound. The number 86 within the
fourth GoRound , in red square, is in the same vertical row, below the number 114, in dotted
black square, within the fifth GoRound - the final Surah. Below in the same vertical row is the
number 30 within the second GoRound, in another dotted black square. This is of the 29-30
lunar day relationship discussed previously.

The lower numbered Surahs are a hodge podge of a few (2 or 3 adjacent) interspersed First,
Second, Third, and Medinah Surahs. Beginning with Surah 57 and ending at Surah 66, a large
number (10) of adjacent Medinah Surahs were laid out in the Quran. Beginning with Surah 77 and
ending at Surah 114 a large number (10 or more adjacent) First Meccan Surahs were laid out in the
27

Quran. These Surahs of the First Meccan period have two Surahs interspersed with two Medinah
Surahs. (These First period Surahs are characteristically short in length.)
The Ten Medinah Surahs on the Cos Pattern 4
The Ten Medinah Surahs are shown below in Fig. 15. Notice we go from 57 to 66 through five
groupings. The number five is significant as it is the number of times one is to pray daily. Also note
that the locations of the starting and finishing numbers (57 and 66) occupy the same locations in the
two groupings of numbers both are directly above the other in the left hand columns. I believe these
were deliberately chosen to place these ten Medinah Surahs on the Cos Pattern here.
Fig. 15. The ten adjacent Medinah Surahs counting Medinah Surahs shown red dots
with horizontal black line

Tne Holy Quran, sadi printing, Appendix


28

The Long adjacent numbering of first Mecca Surahs on the Cos Pattern
(See Figs. 16, 17 and Table 3 below for this discussion.) Beginning with Surah 77 we have all
Surahs, with two exceptions, being from the First or Early Meccan Period. The two exceptions are at
numbers 98 and 110 which are from the Medinah Period.
Looking at where these two Surahs fall, we note they are at identical right most positions within an
inner three numbered row and an outer three numbered row. Note they also are at the top rows of the
groupings.
The first number 98 is the center most number (at a count of 14 numbers) as given in the
Chronological order of the Surahs from Medinah. In the Cos Pattern number 98 is in the center most
three numbers per row grouping.
The second number 110 is the outer most number (at a count of another 14 numbers) for a total of 28
numbers from the first number. Remember that in the Arabic alphabet, the final 28th letter is the last
letter of the first GoRound, then the number 29 begins the second GoRound. The number 110 is in the
same grouping as the final letter 28 ending the first GoRound as seen in Figs. 16, 17. These two
numbers are not randomly chosen but present in the Cos Pattern.
Also, the two Medinah Surahs forms a true pattern. Look at Fig. 16. note the pattern of two single
red dots and not single red dot and three red dots, or a red dot and a yellow dot which truly would
appear to be a random arrangement.
Table 3
Chronological Order of Medinah Surahs5
Chronological Order

Surah number

Name of Surah

al-Baqarah

al- Antfal

al-Imran

33

al-Ahzab

60

Mumtahanah

al- Nisa

99

al- Zilzal

57

al-Hadid

47

Muhammad

www.bombaxo.com/chronsurs.html
29

10

13

ar-Ra`d

11

55

ar- Rahman

12

76

ad- Dahr

13

65

at-Talaq

14

98

al-bayyinah

(15) 1

59

al- Hashr

(16) 2

24

an-Nur

(17) 3

22

al-Hajj

(18) 4

63

al-Munafiqun

(19) 5

58

al-Mujadilah

(20) 6

49

al-Hujurat

(21) 7

66

at-Tahrim

(22) 8

64

at-Taghabun

(23) 9

61

as-Saff

(24) 10

62

al-Jumu`ah

(25) 11

48

al-Fath

(26) 12

al-Ma`idah

(27) 13

at-Taubah

(28)

14

110

an-Nasr

Now we come to a very important discussion concerning these two Surahs. The number 98 is the
right hand top position of the fourth GoRound, in the middle grouping (six groupings from the first
which is the left top group of numbers having 1, 13, 14, in the first GoRound (bottom row),
The last Revelation was Surah 110 that means although Surah 110 was not the last Surah in the
Quran, it was the last one revealed which can be called Medinah_(28) (there were 28 in total as you
can see in the above table). This Surah is in the last of the twelve groupings of the Cos Pattern in the
right hand top row of the fourth GoRound. Directly opposite in the left hand top row of the fourth
GoRound is the number 112 The last Surah of text not being the closing sequence of 113 and 114.
Note that the placement of the final Medenah revelation is placed by the Cos Pattern at a significant
location of the Quran.
I find it curious and possibly significant that there are a total of 28 Medinah Surahs, exactly the
30

same number making up a GoRound.(See Fig.1)

Fig. 16. The Continuous numbers of the First Meccan Period with two Medinah
Period numbers. First Meccan Period Surahs are shown as black dots. Medinah Period Surahs
are shown as red dots with horizontal black line. ( Numbers refer to Surahs. Thus, Surah 96 is
from the first
Meccan period.)

31

Fig. 17. The sixth and twelfth groupings on the Cos Pattern.

From the above figure, in the sixth groupings, is the Medinah Surah number 98 at the top right hand
corner of the third GoRound, shown within a red square. The opposite left hand corner has the number
96 shown within a black square. This is the location of the first revelation called the Clot. Below it in
the vertical row of the third GoRound, shown within a dotted black square, is the number 68, which is
the final Surah of the Abbreviated Letter Muqattaat having the single letter nuun ( s ). This is also the
second oldest revelation. Below this number in the second GoRound is the number 40, also within a
dotted black square is the number 40 where the sequence of the Ha miim ( r ` ) letters begins.
Here we also see the twelfth grouping. Note the analogous number 110 at the top right hand coorner
of the third GoRound, shown with a red square. The opposite left hand corner has the number 112 in
the third GoRound, shown within a black square. This number is the end of the core of the book. In the
same vertical row in the first GoRound is the number 28 drawn within a black dotted square. this
number is the last letter of the Arabic Alphabet before the 29th special letter hamza above in group 1
(see Fig. 17). Note the symmetry of the red and black squares. Note that there is an association with
the placing of the first two in the middle sixth groupings, and the final revelation in the last
twelfth grouping of the Cos Pattern. Also note there are associations of these numbers with the
order of the Arabic alphabet.

32

Number Of Days In Month And Chronological Order Both Hidden In Cos Pattern
If we label the Chronological order of Surahs filling horizontal rows of two and three number
groupings, the results would be Fig. 18 below. The top most row is ambiguous as it may or may not
be counted. Since the row has three numbers 113, 114, and 115, we may not count this as a row, since
this row is not filled as is the row having the numbers 85, 85, 87 or the row having the numbers 94,
95. The number 115 is not a Surah number since the highest or final Surah number is 114. Then if we
count the number of filled rows, we find a total of 29 filled rows.
But if we consider that no Surah 115 exists in the Quran, then this top row only have the numbers
113, 114 and in terms of the Quran, this row may be counted. Now the total number of filled rows is
30. These numbers 29 and 30 are the number of days within one month or the number of days it takes
for the moon to go from new moon to new moon etc.

33

Fig. 18.

Filled Horizontal Rows On The Cos Pattern


First (or early )Meccan Period--- Black dots
Second Meccan Period ---------- Yellow dots
Third Meccan Period ----------- White dots with vertical black line
Medinah Period -------------------Red dots with horizontal black line
(Numbers refer to Surahs.)

34

Facts On The Full Drawn Out Pattern


Fig. 19 is the chronological pattern of all Surahs laid out on the Cos Pattern shown as code patterns
but the actual numbers refer to Surah numbers. (Refer to this figure for all of the following.) At the
beginning of the pattern we get the pattern of a red dot with a horizontal line to the left of a white dot
with a vertical line in four groupings. The 29 Abbreviated Letter Surahs are drawn inside squares. Note
that with the exceptions of Surahs 4 and 47, all red dots to the left of a black dot have Abbreviated
Letters (13, 14, 2, 12, 3, 11, _10, _46).
The first grouping is unique in that here we have three different ages laid out in a horizontal row: 1
is a black dot, 13 is a red dot with a horizontal line, and 14 is a white dot with a vertical line. This is
the only location having three different dots instead of one or two different dots.
Examining the percentage of colored dots (which represents the various time periods the Surahs
were produced) per GoRound, the following observations can be made: In the first GoRound, the
only black dot (first Meccan Period) is Surah 1. If you note the number of colored dots going from first
GoRound to fifth GoRound (but only two numbers exist in the fifth GoRound), the number of black
dots increase and the number of yellow dots decrease. Thus the higher numbered Surahs have the
most first (early) Meccan Period Surahs, and the lowest numbered Surahs have the most third Meccan
Period Surahs.
Other relationships occurs in Surahs numbered 5 and 9. Surahs 5, 9, and 110 are the very last
Surahs revealed. Looking at Fig. 16, you will note 5, 9, 25, and 19 are symmetrically drawn. Surah 19
is very special as it has five letters. The sum of 5 and 9 is 14, where 14 is an important number in the
Abbreviated Letters (there are 14 letters represented, etc). Notice 5, 9, 25 and 19 are all odd numbers.
The Quran seems to favor using odd numbers.
Surahs 5 and 9 were placed next to each other on the Cos Pattern and they were revealed next to
each other in time. Surah 9 does not have the introductory phrase found in the other Surahs. The only
Abbreviated Letter Surah found in this grouping is Surah 38 which holds the single letter Saad.
Surah 38 is composed of the full (no additions) 38th revelation from Mecca. Surah 38 has the 38th
revelation from Mecca in the traditional numbering system. Likewise, Surah 71 is composed fully of
the 71st revelation from Mecca. This Surah does not have Abbreviated Letters, but if you read my
book Sacred Stones Sacred Stories, you will know the name of the Surah, Noah, does indeed, have
great importance with Noah. The Abbreviated Letters occur with one current exception on 39, in
Surahs 38 through 46.
In ten locations are Surahs of similar age, adjacently placed. They are either two or three Surahs
each, with one having eight Surahs adjacently placed. They are Meccan 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66
respectively placed in Surahs 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46 respectively. These are the ha miim Surahs
(40 through 46) and the older Surah 39 which no longer have any letters. One Surah less is Surah 38
discussed in the previous paragraph. These Meccan Surahs all are in third GoRound, placed in Surahs
numbered 39 through 46 and all are in the second GoRound.

35

A Very Important Observation


There are five groupings of consecutive surahs (see Table 1 and Fig. 7). They are:
1. 2, 3
2. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
3. 19, 20
4. 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32
5. 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46
There are five non consecutive surahs. They are:
1. 7
2. 36
3. 38
4. 50
5. 68
The number of consecutive surahs is the same number as the non consecutive surahs which
constitutes a major pattern.
Furthermore, the three highest numbered non consecutive surahs (38, 50, 68) each has one of the three
single letters of the Muqattaat which also constitutes a pattern.
(Two of these numbers also have significance in my second article on the Muqattaat. See my article,
What Editing of Quran and the Muqqattaat (Abbreviated Letter Muqattaat) Have In Common )
The sum of five plus five is ten. We see this number has significance in the above mentioned article,
but also in the Quran, where there is a counting of ten surahs mentioned in [AL-Quran] which is Surah
11:13. This appears to be an association of the text with this observation concerning the pattern of
placements of Muqattaat in the Quran another important observation.
There is another very important relationship occurring with the numbers 28, 38, and 56. First notice
that in Fig.7 each of these numbers all line up on the left hand side of the pattern. Also note that the
pattern is divided into 12 groupings, as shown in Fig. 13. If we were to add the number 12 to the
number 28, we would reach number 40 the start of the Muqattaat haa miim ( r ` ) letters. If we
were to add zero (0) to the number 38, we would stay on the number 38 having the Muqattaat single
letter Saad ( h ) . If we were to add 12 numbers to the number 38, we would reach the number 50

which has the Muquattaat single letter Kaaf ( o ). If we were to add the number 12 to the number 56,
we would reach the number 68 which has the single Muquattaat letter nuun ( s ). Each of the three

single letters within the Muquattaat are in this arrangement which seems to be deliberately chosen.
Remember, there are only these three single letters and no other letters in the Muqattaat.
If we were to add 40 numbers to the number 28, we would reach the number 68 having the letter
nuun ( s ) with all of its features such as being the only location of this single letter at the last surah
having letters.
36

Fig. 19. the full chronological pattern on the Cos Pattern


First (or early )Meccan Period--- Black dots
Second Meccan Period ---------- Yellow dots
Third Meccan Period ----------- White dots with vertical black line
Medinah Period ------------------- Red dots with horizontal black line
Abbreviated Letter Surahs ----inside squares
(Numbers refer to Surahs and not to the chronological order.)

37

The Abbreviated Letters Draws part of Sajda


There are fourteen or (fifteen) places within the Quran where the worshiper bows down. A mark
appears in the Quran where this act of worship occurs and is called Sajda in Arabic. Below you will
see the Surahs having a Sajda and Abbreviated Letters.
7, 13, 19, 27, 32, 38, 41.
If there are fourteen Surahs having Sajda, then half this number have Abbreviated Letters and the
other half have none. Thus we have seven Surahs with abbreviated Letters and seven without.
The seven Surahs having a Sajda without Abbreviated Letters are:
16, 17, 22, 25, 53, 84, 96.
The first GoRound has four Surahs having Abbreviated Letters (red dots) and another equal number
of four Surahs which do not have Abbreviated Letters (greenish black dots). The second GoRound
have three Surahs which have Abbreviated Letters (red dots) and one Surah which does not have any
Abbreviated Letters (greenish black dot). The third and fourth GoRound each have one Surah without
any Abbreviated Letters (greenish black dots). Then there are 4 in the first GoRound plus 3 in the
second GoRound Surahs (7 total) having Sajda with Abbreviated Letters, and also there are 4 in the
first GoRound plus 1 in the second GoRound, plus 1 in the third GoRound, plus 1 in the fourth
GoRound Surahs (7 total) having Sajda with no Abbreviated Letters. Half the total have Abbreviated
Letters and half do not.
Additional patterns can be seen. Two pairs of dots are lined up vertically and two pairs are
horizontally adjacent. Number 27 is in common with a vertical number and a horizontal number. One
pair consist of two red dots and the other three has one red and one black. The number of Surahs (as
numbers in fig. 20a) paired is 7. Unpaired single dots are another 7 which is half of the 14 total
number of dots.
This demonstrates what appears to be a random placement of Surahs having a Sajda is not randon at
all, but deliberate designs when placed on the Cos Pattern.

38

Fig. 20a Surahs having Sajda.


Abbreviated Letter Surahs have a red dot. Non Abbreviated Letter Surahs have a greenish
black dot. Note by GoRound rows.

We now draw as we drew previously in Fig. 6, the Abbreviated Letters from each of these seven
Sajda Surahs. To do this we, look up all the letters for each of these Surahs in table 1. Take for
example Surah 27 has the letters taa siin ( f j ). The resulting design makes the black lines and ink
spot seen in Fig. 20.
We can also use Ayat numbers. There is a non- Abbreviated Letter Surah having the important Ayat
number 50 which does have Abbreviated Letters. If we look up in table 1 the number 50, in the Surah
column we find the single ink spot letter Kaaf ( o ). We draw this in Fig. 20b as a red ink spot where
the letter exists in the Cos Pattern. (See Figs. 1 and 6) Thus Sajda draws the Descending Dove, the
Leaf Line, part of the addlines, and two ink spots.
If we compare the full Abbreviated Letter Muqattaat in Fig. 6 with the portion of the Muqattaat
Sajda draws seen in Fig. 20b, you will note only three lines and an ink spot are missing. The missing
parts would be made up with Surahs 28, 42, 68.

39

Fig. 20b. Sajda on the Abbreviated Letter Pattern


Black lines are drawn with Surah numbers. Red Spot is drawn with an Ayat number.

Two facts concerning Sajda can be seen:


1. Surah 41 is the only Abbreviated Letter Surah having a Sajda (on Ayat 38). It draws out the Leaf
Line haa miim (r ` ). One name for this Surah is haa miim Sajda.
and this extremely important fact is this:
2. Surah 32 is called Sajda. This is the only Surah called just Sajda. The number 32 is within the
grouping of numbers having the number 12. The twelfth letter of the Arabic Alphabet is the letter
siin ( f ) which is the first letter of the word ---Sajda. Looking at Fig. 1, notice that the location
of this letter is in the same grouping as the number 32 (there are other similar examples such as the
opening word Besmilla is in the pattern as detailed in my book.) This location is at the lower right
hand corner of the Cos Pattern. Notice that both missing lines in Fig. 20 are on this corner position.
Majority of Surahs with Abbreviated Letters have the words Book or refers to revelations.
The majority of Surahs (24 out of 29) having Abbreviated Letters have either the words Book or
refers to a book by using the words pen or writing, or else uses the word revelation or reveal in the
first sentence. (Surahs 19, 29,30,42 do not have these words.) There are a few exceptions where these
words do occur in surahs not having letters. I cannot explain why Abbreviated Letter surahs have these
40

words and why there are exceptions.


Design of the Sephirot in Kabbalah can be seen in the Abbreviated Letter Muqattaat.
If Fig. 6 the complete Abbreviated Letter design was duplicated in a flipped mirror image, the
resulting figure would be Fig. 23a. If the image were rotated as shown, the figure would hold a
remarkable resemblance to the classic ten sephirot (tree of life. two variations are shown left and right)
in Jewish Cabalistic writing seen in Fig. 23b. Although this image is not a perfect representation of the
ten sephirot, it has remarkable similarities such as circles at corners, and cris- crossing lines from dots.
Also the unconnected dots are similar to the missing dot on the left hand figure in Fig. 23b, and lower
dot on the right hand figure in Fig. 23b. Figs. 23a, and 23c, which can be found in the appendix, is
Fig. 23a redrawn for clarity, may be the precursor of the sephirot design. Note the ink spots are
numbered 1-2-3-4 in the center and A-B- C on the right hand side and a- b- c on the left hand side. The
main difference of Figs. 23a,23c and Fig. 23b is that the former puts all three columns beginning and
ending on the same outer ink spots, while the latter put each of the three rows on a different column.
another difference is that Fig. 23b is a simpler design then Fig. 23a and 23c. The latter is hidden in the
former. Both the Quranic mystery of the Abbreviated Letters and the mystery study of the sefirot are of
an occult nature and deemed sacred.
Fig. 23a. Similarity to Jewish occult sephirot made by image of Quranic mystery
on left below6

Fig. 23b. The classic Sephirot


on right above
6

see Fig. 23c in app endix for a redraw of Fig. 23a to make this figure more understandable.

41

The design of Figs. 23a, and the redrawn 23c version are composed of lines with four superimposed
ink spots which looks like a number of connecting lines with some ink spots. The germinal idea of the
tree of life sephirot is the same: ten ink spots with connecting lines.
Another similarity of the sephirot in Fig. 23b with Figs. 23a and 23c is that the design of Figs. 23a
and the redrawn 23c version are composed of 18 lines plus 4 ambiguous ink spots making a total of 22
parts the same number of letters as in the Hebrew alphabet. Also the sephirot pattern of Fig. 23b is
comprised of 22 connecting lines.
The Sign of the Fish is in the Abbreviated Letters of Arabic Alphabet placed on the Cos Pattern
An ancient pagan mark and also a sacred Christian sign for Christ was that of a fish. This fish was
also the geometric design called the Vesica Piscis. A Vesica Piscis can be drawn on the three by four
location grid upon which the Cos Pattern can be laid out. (see Fig. 24)
The letter nuun, which can mean fish and also pen, does makes the head of a fish. This fish is the
sacred Vesicus Piscis sign of the fish. See how in Fig. 1, the 25th letter of the Arabic alphabet is the
letter nuun ( s ) which occupies the same position as the head of the fish in the figure below. This is in
the 9th grouping seen in Fig. 13. In Fig. 6, this 25th letter nuun ( s ) makes the Ink Spot to the right of
the lined figure, and in Fig. 7, you see this is the same number 25 in the full counting from 1 to 150 of
the Cos Pattern.
Thus the Abbreviated Letter Muqattaat in the Quran ends on the letter making the sign of a fish
drawn by a pen.

42

Fig. 24. The sign of a fish or Vesica Piscis in the Cos Pattern

The staff/ snake of Moses and the Abbreviated Letters


As stated previously, the letter ta ( j ) means snake and creates staff/snake addlines. Seventy five
percent of all Surahs mentioning the staff of Moses turning into a snake have abbreviated letters. (They
are 2, 7, 10, 17, 20, 26, 28, 40, 43. Surahs without abbreviated letters are 5, 17, 79.) Many of these
letters are staff/snake addlines. Two Surahs are very significant: 20 and 28. Both mention snakes, and
both have the letter ta ( j ) as one of the letters, and both Surahs draw staff/snake addlines. In fact
surah 20 has the abbreviated letters named ta Ha.
Surah 10 is very special as it is the only one which mentions Noah, Jonah, and Moses staff all
hidden in the completed Muqattaat of Fig. 6. This Surah is the first of the D. Dove lettering ending in
the letter raa ( d ) (see Table 1) . The letter raa ( d ) in the upper right hand corner of Fig. 6, occupies
the same location as the grouping in the upper right hand corner of Fig. 7 having the number 10. Thus
the first instance of the letter raa occurs in Surah 10 which is named Jonah.

43

How Four Important Surahs May Have Been assigned positions in the Quran from the Cos Pattern
We have seen previously the numbers and hence the Surahs with these numbers (40, 41, 42, 43, 44,
45, 46) draw the leaf line on the letters haa miim ( r ` ) in groupings 6 across to 8. (See Figs. 1, 6,
7, 13 and table 1). In figure 25 these numbers are shown with black dotted lines Note they make the
V shaped portion of the Cos Pattern, drawn as solid red lines for reference. (The full Cos Pattern is
seen in Fig.7. Fig 1 is also the Cos Pattern but one line is not drawn for reasons only detailed in my
book.) These seven numbers are in the second GoRound. Immediately above the second GoRound is
the third. Here the equivalent seven numbers (68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74), are shown with red dotted
lines. The first and final numbers 68 and 74 respectively, shown having large red dots are equivalent to
the Leaf Line drawing lower numbers 40 and 46 respectively.
Do these two connected numbers have any significance in the laying out of Surahs in the Quran? In
fact they do. Surah 68 is the final Abbreviated Letter Surah, The Fish or Pen having the single letter
nuun ( s ). Surah 74 called The Cloaked One contains the second revelation Mohammad received.
Immediately above the number 68 in the fourth GoRound is the number 96 which is where the Surah
having the first revelation called The Clot shown with a red triangle is located. At the bottom of the
V shape, the first number between 68 and 74 in the red dotted lines is the number 71. Surah 71 is the
Surah named for Noah. This location (location 7 see Fig. 13). This is the location of the doves feet.
This again, is another connection of a dove with the story of Noah.
When we compare Surah numbers with the traditional chronological order, we find only in the haa
miim Surahs ( r ` ) 40 through 46, and one proceeding Surah 39 do we have consecutive numbering.
Thus in chronological order we have Mecca 59 in Surah 39, Mecca 60 in Surah 40, Mecca 61 in Surah
41, Mecca 62 in Surah 42, Mecca 63 in Surah 43, Mecca 64 in Surah 44, Mecca 65 in Surah 45, and
Mecca 66 in Surah 46. This consecutive arrangement is unique to these Surahs only. (These Surahs are
after Surah 38 which has one of the single Abbreviated Letters (Saad). This Surah also has the 38th
chronological order of Mecca 38 in the traditional number reckoning.)
There is a pattern which can account for the Surah numbering. We have seen the addition of the
number 12 used before as when we add 12 to 38 to get 50 or when we add 12 to 56 to get 68. If we add
12 to 39 we get 51. If we look at Table 1 the left hand row, you will notice the haa miim Surahs have
7 numbers. Adding 7 to 51 gives us 58. Now adding a 1 for the space in the left hand row of Surah 39
gives us 59. In chronological order Mecca 39 becomes Surah 59. All the haa miim Surahs from 40
through 46, work the same way. Thus Surah 46 is 46+ 12+7+1= 66 or Mecca 66.
The above discussion is very significant since it may show how these important Surahs were
assigned there placements as 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 68, 71, 74, and 96 in the 114 total number of
Surahs.

44

Fig. 25.

Importance of Surahs 68, 71, 74, and 96 in the Cos Pattern

Very Important Observation Concerning These Patterns


The traditional order of Surahs has 28 Surahs given at Medinah and 86 Surahs given at Mecca.
Remember, there are 28 numbers in each GoRound. The total number of Surahs was 114. This means
there were 28+28+28+2 Surahs given at Mecca (28, 56, 84, 2), or one GoRound, and another, and
another given at Mecca for a total of 84, and one GoRound of Surahs given at Medena for a grand total
of 112. The 2 Surahs make the 113 and 114 Surah which constitutes the fifth GoRound. The reason
this is important is that important Cos Pattern numbers 28 constituting each GoRound, and the total
number of Surahs 114 are here in the compiling of the Surahs.
45

Evidence The designs of the abbreviated Letters were present in ancient Islamic Art
There is evidence the design was hidden in a branch of Islamic Art from the very earliest of times.
The form of art called Arabesque may have gained its importance in Islamic Art because the parts of
Arabesque may be hidden in the Muqattaat design. The actual design may not be seen in early art
work, but the germinal idea is present in every Arabesque ever created from the time of Mohammed
until today. Arabesque design consists of twisting interconnecting vines, with attached leaves, (This
motif drawn in mosques around the world, including a vine and leaf like design in a gate around the
Prophet Mohammads tomb at Medina, are more realistically drawn than Fig. 6 is drawn. ) and nonconnecting circles, ovals, or stars interspersed among the vines. Now look at the full design of Fig. 6
and notice all the elements of the Arabesque design are also here. Thus the entire design of Fig. 6 may
be considered a twisting vine with non-connected to the vine a number of circles, ovals or stars The
interconnected infinitely closed D. Dove lines and addlines are similar to the interconnected and closed
vine leafs. These lines are not curving, but it is impossible to draw curved lines in a pattern consisting
of only twelve points. The Leaf Line attaches to the interconnected infinitely closed D. Dove and
addlines, but is open at one end just like a leaf is attached at one end and open at the other end. In fact,
the Leaf Line representing an olive leaf, is a leaf. The two Ambiguous Ink Spots also can be the
germinal ideas representing leaves attached to vines. The non- connecting Unambiguous Ink Spot is
analogous to the non- connecting circles, ovals, or stars in Arabesque designs. Thus all elements seen
in Fig. 6 have analogous elements in Arabesque designs.
Islamic Geometric designs also can be hidden in the design of Fig. 6 as it is obvious Fig. 6 consists
of triangles, and various angles which are staples of geometry. Likewise, just as the Islamic Geometric
designs can be related to Arabesque designs, so also Fig. 6 can relate geometric elements with a vine
design.
A Master Plan For Determining Which Surah Would Have Muqattaat Letters
We have learned about the letters in Table 1 and we have seen which letter goes with what surah. I
have discovered a master plan for determining which surah would have letters and which letters go
where. This master plan works for all twenty nine surahs having Muqattaat letters. The change of this
being do to coincidence is astronomical.
There are 14 letters in 29 surahs. This is half the number of letters in the Arabic Alphabet of 28
letters. A special letter usually not counted called hamza makes 29 letters. (the hamza is over the alif in
Fig. 7 which is exactly how the hamza can be written.) Thus, the number of surahs having letters is the
same number of letters when counting the hamza, which also is the number of days in a month varying
between 29 and 30.
The master plan I have discovered is as follows:
1. (Refer to Figs. 7, 13 and Table 1 for the following.) Looking at the Cos Pattern7 in Figs. 7, 13, I
locate from Table 1 each of the 29 surahs having Muqattaat letters.
Again I draw out the Cos Pattern but with only these 29 numbered surahs shown in which consecutive
numbers are drawn as connected solid lines and non consecutive numbers are drawn as non connected
7

see appendix

46

dashed lines. (See Fig. 31 below)

Fig. 31 ALL CHAPTERS NUMBERS IN QURAN HAVING SEGMENT LETTERS PLACED ON


Cos PATTERN all numbers taken from Table 1 and Fig. 7

2. The number of lines are all in groups of threes (1) three thin lines drawn (2) twice three or six
medium lines and (3) three thick lines.
3. The 29 numbers were to be divided into two groups of consecutive numbers each having 7 numbers
each making a total of 14 numbers. This number 14 is the same number of letters in the pattern. We
have another grouping of 6 numbers. and also 5 non consecutive numbers. Then we have two
groupings of two numbers each making a total of 4 numbers. Note this is a pattern of (7+7)+ 6+5+
(2+2) or 7, a 6 a 5 and a 4. (see first two columns of Table 5)
4. Next the surahs which would create this pattern could be determined as they all utilize this fact:
Either we start or we finish with a number determined from either the left most or the right
most column of the Cos Pattern in Fig. 7, or from a number in one of these two columns which
we add or subtract the number 12. The number 12 is very important in the Cos Pattern as the pattern
is comprised of 12 groupings as you can see in Fig. 13. The non- consecutive number 38 can be found
on the left most column in Fig. 7. An example: we can say we add or subtract zero from this number
(38 add or subtract 0 = 38). Another example illustrating consecutive numbers would be the seven
numbers beginning with the number 40. The number 28 is on the left most column in Fig. 7. If we add
12 we get 40. ( 28+12= 40) See Table 1 listing all the surahs having letters.

47

Table 4 shows consecutive surah numbers in the left hand column. The next column counts these
consecutive numbers. For ease of counting, I alternate grays rows with white rows. The next column,
highlighted by diagonal lines, shows the 7 consecutive surah numbers 26 - 32 and another 7
consecutive surah numbers 40- 46 makes a total of 14 numbers which is the number of letters making
the Muqattaat. I also have two groupings to two numbers highlighted in checkerboard in this column.
They are numbered surahs 19- 20 and 2-3. The next column shows whether the number in the first
column is (C)onsecutive or (N)ot consecutive. The fifth column is very significant as it shows all
numbers created by the previous paragraph numbered 4. Note that each group of numbers (highlighted
in gray or white) has either 12 added or subtracted from the left or right hand column of numbers, or
even nothing added to the number. The base left hand or right hand numbers are highlighted in bold
type as well as the number 12 which is also a right hand number. These bold numbers are at either the
first or the last row of the grouping. Also note that nothing may be added or subtracted in the middle of
groupings. For example, the seven (C)onsecutive numbers 26 through 32, has in its first row the
number 12 can be subtracted from 38, a number in the right hand column of Fig. 7, to give the number
26. Surah 26 is the start of the 7 consecutive numbers. The next column labeled show shows in bold
whether the number is from the left or the right hand side of the Fig. 7. The next column labeled letter
description shows the type of line these letters create. The last column draws the letters in this surah.
A very special number is surah 2 which is the first surah having Muqattaat letters. Note that this
number is next to the number (12 ) we have been adding or subtracting from. If we subtract number 10,
which is a right hand number in Fig. 7, from number 12 ,we get 2 the first surah having letters.
Again, in this grouping of two consecutive numbers (2 -3) one number from either the beginning or the
end of the grouping has numbers in grayed or white add or subtract 12" column in Table 5. This is
the only row not having the number 12 added or subtracted from a left or right hand number, but in
reverse the number subtracted from 12.
In Table 4 the range of surah numbers having letters runs between 2 thorough 68. The number 2 is in
a two number grouping (2 - 3), while the number 68 is a single number grouping. These three surahs
were atypical very early or very late revelations, while all other Muqattaat surahs were not8. My point
is that the atypical surahs (2 and 3) forms a grouping in this table.
Table 4.

Count Groups of Surahs by whether they are or are not consecutive

Surah
number

Count/consecutive

add or
subtract
twelve or
zero

from

letter
description

letters are

26

38-12= 26

left

Snake/Addline

f j

27

Snake/Addline

f j

The Mysterious Letters Of The Koran: Old Abbreviations Of The Basmalah; James A. Bellomy; Jouraal
of the American Oriental Society 93.3 (1973); p. 271

48

28

28 + 0 = 28

left

Snake/Addline

r f j

29

29 + 0 = 29

left

D. Dove

rqU

30

D. Dove

rqU

31

D. Dove

rqU

32

D. Dove

rqU

40

Leaf Line

r `

41

Leaf Line

r `

42

10

Leaf Line

r `

28+12= 40

left

of l

43

11

Leaf Line

r `

44

12

Leaf Line

r `

45

13

Leaf Line

r `

46

14

Leaf Line

r `

10

D. Dove

dqU

11

D. Dove

dqU

12

D. Dove

dqU

13

D. Dove

d rq U

14

D. Dove

dqU

15

D. Dove

dqU

10 +0= 10

right

49

19-12= 7

right

D. Dove

hrqU

36

48- 12= 36

right

Snake/Addline

fw

38

38+ 0 = 38

left

Ambiguous ink
spot

50

38+12= 50

left

Ambiguous ink
spot

68

56+ 12= 68

left

Ink Spot

19

19+0 = 19

right

Snake/Addline

hlw o p

20

Snake/Addline

o j

D. Dove

rqU

D. Dove

rqU

12- 10 = 2

right

Table 5 is similar to Table 4 but the emphasis is on identical consecutive letters numbers in the right
hand column. The next column shows what type of a line these letters draw (see paper on Abbreviated
Letters in the Quran-- a Solution) in consecutive order numbers. As with Table 5 for ease of counting,
I alternate grays rows with white rows. The remaining rows are similar to Table 5.
For example, from Table 6 we can see there are six surah numbers all having the letters alif, laam,
miim ( r q U ) . These surah numbers are 29, 30, 31, 2, 3.
The similar groupings of letters alif, laam, raa ( d q U ) also have six surah numbers shown in Table

6.
Again, we have two groups of seven numbers highlighted by diagonal lines in the Count/
consecutive column. We have seven consecutive numbers 40 - 46, and seven single numbers
28, 20, 19, 36, 38, 50 and 68. We have one group of two consecutive numbers highlighted in
checkerboard. They are 26- 27. Either end have number in the add or subtract 12" column.
This table has three ambiguous problems of classification. Surah 42 which has two letters on the top
row and three letters on the bottom row can be considered one of the seven leaf line haa miim ( r ` )
letters since these two letters constitute the top row only. This number has three bottom row letters not
found in the normal sequence, so number is problematic. Surah 13 is ambiguous since we have alif,
laam, with both a miim and a raa. Also Surah 20 is the only exception in Table 6 but in table 5 there
are no exceptions.

50

Table 5. Count of Surahs having similar letters whether they are or are not consecutive
Surah
number

Count/consecutive

40

41

42

add or
subtract
twelve or zero

from

letter description

letters are

28+12= 40

left

Leaf Line

r `

Leaf Line

r `

Leaf Line

r `

Consecutive
on top line
only

of l

43

Leaf Line

r `

44

Leaf Line

r `

45

Leaf Line

r `

46

Leaf Line

r `

29

D. Dove

rqU

30

D. Dove

rqU

31

D. Dove

rqU

32

D. Dove

rqU

D. Dove

rqU

12 - 10 = 3

right

D. Dove

rqU

19-12= 7

right

D. Dove

hrqU

10

10 +0= 10

right

D. Dove

dqU

11

D. Dove

dqU

29 + 0 = 29

left

51

D. Dove

dqU

D. Dove

d rq U

D. Dove

dqU

D. Dove

dqU

26

Snake/Addline

f j

27

Snake/Addline

f j

28

28 + 0 = 28

Snake/Addline

r f j

20

works only in
Table 5

Snake/Addline

o j

19

19+0 = 19

right

Snake/Addline

hlw o p

36

48- 12= 36

right

Snake/Addline

fw

38

38+ 0 = 38

left

Ambiguous ink
spot

50

38+12= 50

left

Ambiguous ink
spot

68

56+ 12= 68

left

Ink Spot

12

13

14

15

ambiguoussince having
same letters

38-12= 26

left

left

Table 6 shows very important facts. In Fig. 13, first locate grouping {12}. Here you will find three
numbers in the right most hand column: 28, 56 and 84 which are located one above the other in the
vertical column. If the number 12 is added to each of these numbers you would reach three numbers in
grouping {6} of Fig. 13. These three numbers are 40, 68, and 96 which also are located one above the
other in this vertical column.
The number 40 is the first of the seven haa miim ( r ` ) surahs shown in Table 6. The number 68 is
the only surah having the unique single letter nuun ( s ) in the final surah having Muqattaat letters.
52

The number 96 does not have any letters because it is greater then the number 68 but it holds a very
special surah. Surah 68 holds the second revelation (the second oldest revelation). The very first
revelation (the oldest revelation) unquestionably can be found in Surah 96. It is remarkable that the
first and second revelations can be found one over the other in this pattern of Fig. 7 and that even
Surah 40 which holds the beginning of a very special grouping of seven surahs is part of this pattern.
They all can be counted by adding 12 and they all can be added from the right hand side of the same
grouping which is half the number of groupings away from each other (If there are a total of {12 }
groupings, then half this number is in the {6} grouping as seen in Fig. 13).
The important conclusion we can assume from this is that unless this is all do to coincidence
whoever arranged the current order of surahs with details such as where to locate the first and
second revelations also where to locate the haa miim letters and the Muqattaat letter surahs, were
using the number pattern similar to Fig. 7.
Table 6 Three Surah Numbers Form a Very Important Pattern
Surah
number

Muqattaat
letters

add or
subtract
twelve

from

letter
description

letters
are

time of
revelation

grouping
of letters
from

40

yes

28+12= 40

right

Leaf Line

r `

--------

40- 46

68

yes

56+ 12= 68

right

Ink Spot

second

--------

96

no

84+ 12 = 96

right

------

-------

first

---------

Two additional surahs are of this same pattern but not formed from group {12} and seen in group
{6} but instead was formed in group {5} and seen in group {10} (See Fig. 13 to see groupings.) These
two numbers are shown in Table 7. Note that when 12 is added to the base number 38, the resulting
number is 50. Both numbers would create the ambiguous ink spots in seen in Fig. 6. Both numbers
(surahs 38) have a single Muqattaat letter Saad ( h ) which also appears in Surah 7 as the last letter
in ( h r q U ) , and a single Muqattaat letter Kaaf ( o ) in Surah 42 as the last of the three bottom

row letters Kaaf ( o f l ). The only appearance i.e. the unique single unambiguous ink spot letter
nuun ( s ) is at Surah 68. (also see Table 1)

53

Table 7. Two Surah Numbers also part of a Very Important Pattern


Surah
number

Muqattaat letters

add or subtract
twelve

from

letter description

single
letter is

38

yes

38+0 = 38

left

Ambiguous ink
spot

50

yes

38+ 12= 50

left

Ambiguous ink
spot

Again, this table 7 is more evidence that the number pattern of Fig. 7 and the design of Fig. 6 were
known by the editors and arrangers of the surahs and influenced the placement of surahs having
letters, and also the spelling of these letters were deliberate and not random coincidences based on
mistakes in reading or spelling words.
There are a number of Pre- Uthmanic Variants9 with missing letters from the official Quran version.
Variant versions had to be destroyed with only one official version allowed but known copies of some
variants called codexes have survived. A fact can be deduced from these variants: only the official
version is perfect as each variant has some detectable error. The number of surahs must be exactly
114 with 113 and 114 constituting a group. Surahs 40 through 46 must be a grouping with no surah
missing. Surah 68 must have the single letter nuun and not have any letters. If this letter were missing
as it is in a variant, the ink spot in the image seen in Fig. 6 would be missing. Surah 38 must not be
consecutive with numbers 37 or 39 or Fig. 31 would have the wrong number of consecutive and non
consecutive lines.
ANOTHER MAJOR PIECE OF EVIDENCE THIS IS THE BASIS OF LETTER PLACEMENT
Examining Table 7 and Fig. 32 confirms my hypothesis of why some surahs have what
combinations of letters. First let us examine Table 7. The left column lists surah numbers having
Abbreviated Letters. The next column lists the parts of the pattern drawn out by various letters and has
the same color coding seen in Table 1. The next column shows the letter combinations. The right hand
column is new each set of letters is represented by a color coding. Thus the letters alif, laam, miim
( r q U ) are colored coded in Yellow.
The most important concept of this table is the word change. The letter combinations change,
easily visualized by where do the colors change. There are sixteen points of change in this table with
all sixteen being explainable. There are no errors detectable in this table. The chance of this being do
to coincide is astronomical.

ibid p. 267

54

Table 8. Color Coding of Changing Letters


Surah
number

type of line
(color coded)

Surah letters

D. Dove

rqU

D. Dove

rqU

D. Dove

hrqU

10

D. Dove

dqU

11

D. Dove

dqU

12

D. Dove

dqU

13

D. Dove

d rq U

14

D. Dove

dqU

15

D. Dove

dqU

19

Snake/Addline

hlw o p

20

Snake/Addline

o j

26

Snake/Addline

rf j

27

Snake/Addline

f j

28

Snake/Addline

r f j

29

D. Dove

rqU

30

D. Dove

rqU

31

D. Dove

rqU
55

color coded

32

D. Dove

rqU

36

Snake/Addline

fw

38

Ambiguous ink
spot on line
pattern

40

Leaf Line

r `

41

Leaf Line

r `

42

Leaf Line-- two


letters on top. in
mouth, on head
of dove.

r `

of l

addline. Three
letters finish
connecting
design on feet of
dove
43

Leaf Line

r `

44

Leaf Line

r `

45

Leaf Line

r `

46

Leaf Line

r `

50

Ambiguous ink
spot on line
pattern

68

Unambiguous
The Ink Spot

56

Fig. 32. Color Coding of changing Letters placed on Cos Pattern

Fig.32 is derived from both Figs 7, Fig. 31.


Refer to Fig 7, Table 8, and Fig. 32 for the following: A line runs from 2 to 3 (yellow) having letters
( r q U ). The next number is 7 between the numbers 6, 7, 8 (light Yellow) all three surahs having the

same first three letters with an additional forth letter (h r q U ) . Note number 7 does not connect to
any other letter and hence, here is a change in the letter sequence. Next begins a change in a number of
surahs 10,11,12,13,14,15 (red) were a second grouping of D.Dove lines can be found. This sequence
begins the six medium lines. (remember, from Fig. 32, the pattern can be divided into 3 thick lines,
3+3 medium lines, and 3 thin non- connected lines. ) Here the letter ( r ) is changed to the letter ( d )
making the sequence ( d q U ). Surah 13 is the number on the right hand side of the grouping making
a small change to (light red) with the letters ( d r q U ) by adding both ( r ) and ( d ). Now a major

change occurs from D.Dove to Snake/Addline since there is a jump to Surah 19. Surah 19 connects to
Surah 20 by the beginning of the horizontal thick line sequence. Both numbers are shown (green) and
(light.green) with both having different sequences of letters
(h l w o p ) and ( o j ). There is another change to (blue) with a different set of letters.
This set of three surahs in (blue) all have the same first two letters ( f j ) but the center surah 27
lacks the letter ( r ) hence, is shown in (light blue). Note the symmetry of these three adjacent

numbers. The number 28 is at the bottom of the pattern. The number 29 begins the top of the pattern
with three numbers in this first grouping, 29,30,31. Here is another major change back to the (yellow)
57

D.Dove letters ( r q U ). Note that the numbers 30, 31 (yellow) having the letters ( r q U ) are over

the numbers 13,14 (red) having the letters ( d q U ) --both sets of letters constituting D.Dove. The next
number is 32. This number must be included to complete the medium lines of the pattern. Here the
number 32 is over the number 2 where both numbers are (yellow)-- the letters are ( r q U ). Now

another change occurs in the number 36 (purple) with Snake/Addline letters (.f w ). After skipping
one number [37] we reach another change occurring at the number 38. Each of the single letter surahs
do not have adjacent numbers. Number 38 is shown in (lavender) with the ambiguous letter ( h ).
After skipping one number [39] we reach the sequence ( r ` ) color coded (turquoise ) with surah

numbers 40,41,42,43,44,45,46. Note how this number sequence is prefixed by the letter ( h ). The
sequence ( r ` ) ends with then number 64. This number is necessary to complete the thick line
portion of the design. The important surah 42 which has the letter sequence
( r `

o f l ) (light turquoise) discussed in detail elsewhere in this paper occupies the innermost number
on the inner most pair of numbers. The number 50 detailed elsewhere in this paper is the second of the
three non adjacent surahs numbers. Number 50 detailed elsewhere is shown in (brown) with the
ambiguous letter ( o ). The sequence of turquoise numbers are suffixed by this letter. The final number
68 detailed elsewhere closes the whole design.
IMPORTANCE OF THE THREE SINGLE LETTERS
(See Fig. 6 for the following) As detailed previously there are three single letters each of which
would with parchment (paper) pen and ink draw an ink spot. This section expands on these specific
letters. The pattern has a letter which draws part of the D.Dove raa ( d ), a letter which draws part of
the leaf line haa ( ` ) , and five letters which could draw out Ambiguous ink spots. Any one of these

letters, could be the reason for an ink spot, which could draw out either a part of the D.Dove or the
snake/Addline portion of the total pattern. These letters are alif ( U ), Saad ( h ) in one grouping and
Laam ( q ), Qaaf ( p ),

kaaf ( o ) and in a second grouping.

There is the letter miim ( r ) which is ambiguous as being either a D.Dove, part of a Snake/Addline,

or part of a leaf line. Let us say that only letters which can be ambiguous with two parts, and not part
of the leaf line can be represented by ink spots. This would eliminate the letter miim ( r ) having an ink
spot and hence cannot be one of the single letters.
The right hand letters were the letters in a grouping chosen to be the letters which drew the
ambiguous ink spots. If we look at the two letters in the first grouping, this would be the letter
58

saad ( h ). The right hand letter of the second grouping chosen would be the letter kaaf ( p ).
Note the rule stated previously that letters were chosen in order of introduction still hold true. Thus,
the letter saad ( h ) is introduced before the letter kaaf ( p ).
Look at Table 8. Note that on either side of the leaf line surahs, are the two single ink spot letters in
order of saad ( h ) before the leaf line and kaaf ( p ) after, immediately followed by the final
special non ambiguous ink spot letter nuun ( s ) .

THE MAIN REASONS FOR THE ABBREVIATED LETTERS IN THE QURAN


This next section gives my best guess why the letters are in the book. The devise demonstrates the
principle of having all types of both hidden and not hidden variations. We have variations of letters
in different surahs which is not hidden but visible to all who look at the book. But in figure 6, is a key
which allows hidden variations to become visible. We have locations with no lines or ink spots. We
have locations with lines, with lines and ink spots, and a single location with an ink spot all possible
hidden variations. We have lines in mirrored image and no mirrored image. We have locations of no
lines or ink spots, but also of 1, 2, 3,4,5 lines or ink spot. In Fig. 31, we have the same numbers but of
surahs instead of lines or of ink spots. Fig. 31 is full of variations also.
This concept of hidden and non hidden levels of understanding seem to be present in the Quran. It
can be understood as a simple plain book, but it can exist in hidden deeper levels of understanding.
This concept seems to be expressed in the appendix concerning these letters in the Saudi Arabian
printing of the Qur-an when we read: Their presence is not inconsistent with the character of the Quran as a plain book. The book of nature is also a plain book, but how few can fully understand it?
Every one can get out of the Qur-an plain guidance for his life according to his capacity for spiritual
understanding.10 Surah 3:7 He it is who has sent down to thee the Book in it are verses basic or
fundamental clear (in meaning); they are the foundation of the Book: others are not entirely clear.
The design consists of the only two possible design elements: round ink spots, and lengths of lines.
You can have single ink spots, single lines or groupings of lines with or without inks spots at the same
locations just as the Quran is made up of many overlapping and connecting ideas.
Another very important idea, is that the Quran is a legitimate holy book because .it has the stamp
of legitimacy. To understand this, you must read my book Sacred Stones Sacred Stories. vol 1. The
abbreviated letters in the Quran is the most elaborate example of the technique in existence.
The Importance of The abjadi Order the hijai Order
Now I shall discuss the importance of the aabjadi Order and the hijai Order. Originally there was
the abjadi Order, an alphabetic order different from the present hijai Order. At the time the
Muqattaat was written in the Quran, the former order was in vogue. But everything in these papers
require the later order to work. This section will discuss the older order and how it relates to the
Muqattaat and also how the two orders can be reconciled with each other.

10

The Holy Qur-an. King Fahd Holy Qur-an Printing Complex. 134

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The top row of Table 9 shows the aabjadi Order (Magreb variation). The next row shows the
counting of letters. (reading right to left.) The next row shows rather that above drawn letter is a
Muqattaat letter (Y) or is not a Muqattaat letter (n). There are shown in the bottom three rows 14
Muqattaat letters (Y) shown in gray, and 14 non -Muqattaat letters (n) shown clear.
The first 22 letters are the ancient Hebrew/ Phoenician letters, with the last 6 letters being unique
letters of the Arabic Alphabet. Note all of the (Y) letters are within the 22 letter sequence.
There are more common variations of this alphabetic order, but this an older version works best.
Table 9. The aabjadi Order
g m k c a Y X f d o C n l hs r q p w j ` e u o b Z V U

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
n n n n n n n Y Y Y n n Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y n n Y n n n Y
left over

Examining the third row, you will notice the pattern of threes: a grouping of three (n)o flanked by two
(Y) es on either side. Then a double grouping of threes (Y)es with two (n)os on either side. Then
another grouping of three (Y)es, with the remaining letters being all (n)o. The bottom row numbers the
groupings of Muqattaat and non - Muqattaat letters.
This pattern has a very important fact: the center letter as seen in the middle row at number 14 is the
letter nuun ( s ) with its special properties of being the only unique and single letter marking the final
surah having letters.
From what I have shown in all my papers is that this aabjadi Order is not the alphabetic order
which works, but it is the later hijai Order (dating from within a century of Muhammads time
or his successor Uthman ) seen in Fig. 1 and in Table 9 which does.
For the Muqattaat to work, a key is to rearrange the aabjadi Order, so that the 14th letter nuun
( s ) is placed on the 25th location as seen if Fig. 1. All similar shaped letters then were grouped
together into the hajai Order. Here in the hijai Order, the 14th letter is the letter Saad ( h ) another
one of the three single letters of the Muqattaat11. (Again in the middle and bottom rows, the 14
Muqattaat letters are shown in gray, and the 14 non - Muqattaat letters are shown clear.)

11

The first letter alif in the Muqattaat is the first letters in both the aabjadi Order and in the hijai
Ord er. Different M uqattaat letters occup y the consecutive even numbers 1 0, 12 , 14, 16 in bo th of these orders.

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Table 10 shows the later hijai Order which is the key to the Muqattaat letter Muqattaat. This table
is set up in similar fashion as Table 3. Notice letters of similar shape are grouped together but a pattern
still emerges. The non - Muqattaat letters (reading from right to left) are in groups of 4, 3, 2, and 1
letters (all shown in clear). There are Muqattaat letters (in gray) on the first and last letters and
between the 4th and 3rd non - Muqattaat groupings. There are three groupings of Y-n-Y, n-Y-n, and
Y-n-Y between the 2nd and 3rd non - Muqattaat groupings.

Table 10. The hijai Order


w u o s r q p o n m l k j C hg f e d c b a ` Z Y X V U
2 2 2 2
8 7 6 5

2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Y n Y Y Y Y Y Y n n Y n Y n Y n Y n Y n n n Y n n n n Y
1 1

1. The Muqattaat was designed to be spoken and written as a Muqattaat.


2. Must be literate in Arabic Alphabet to create and solve this Muqattaat.
3. After reading my other papers, you will come to the conclusion the designer must have been aware
of a numbered surah order.
4. Here is a very important fact: the whole Quran including the Muqattaat is to be chanted out loud
the act of reading is an aid but hearing the recitation of the words is the only correct and original way
the Quran was transmitted ( the word Quran means a recitation and not to read silently. Then each
letter of the Muqattaat has to be alphabetically named very slowly letter by letter out loud. The
letters being spoken by name goes back to the earliest of times. This fact of spelling out the name of
the letters from the very beginning may be the key to understanding the origins of this Muqattaat. You
do not say aaaa-llll--mmmm but you do say aaallliiifff-lllaaamm-mmmiiimmm etc. Pre Islamic
Poetry may have letters spoken as named letters12, but the Muqattaat has facts which are unique in the
Quran: the number of letters and the number of Surahs including their locations in the book have
perfect and definite mathematical relationships with each other. These papers show page after page of
evidence proving this. Each figure, table and graph shows this. Two simple examples can show this,
such as the number of the letters used is half the number of letters in the alphabet (14 letters is half of
28) and the number of surahs is the full number of letters in the alphabet (29 surahs where the number
of letters in the alphabet is 28 plus the special letter hamza make 29). Then we can show how all the

12

The Story of the Q uran, Its H istory and P lace in Mu slim Life; Ingrid M attson;W iley- Blackwell; W est
Sussex, UK; p. 206

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letters can draw the figure which matches texts in the corresponding surahs as seen in Fig. 6. No other
theory can explain why these letters were chosen or why there are 29 surahs having letter and not 54 or
8 or 73.
But here is the most important point of all: The only way my theory can work is by speaking out
loud the alphabetic names of the letters. The speaking out loud with emphasis the alphabetic names
of the letters is telling where on the design of Fig. 1 are the letters correct letters to draw lines to make
the pattern the completed pattern of Fig. 6. It is as if when all the letters are named in the correct order
that the design of Fig. 6 would be supernaturally created (and realistically created if Fig. 1 was known
and the lines were actually drawn out on paper to create Fig. 6.).
The hajai Order dates from around one hundred years after the Quran was put into its orthodox
arrangement by the Caliph Uthman ibn Affan, (or around two hundred years according to the
disconnected letterswordpress.com). We can justify the hajai Order being central to the understanding
the Muqattaat if we assume this order was known early on, even dating from the time of Muhammad,
but not fully implemented until this later century date (or even several centauries later.)
Why was the hajai Order created? I believe the answer was partly due to the desire to have the letter
nuun ( s ) making the pens ink spot at the head of the fish moved to location 25, since the word
nuun actually means pen and fish, and partly do to the reasons given in the paper (The Present
Order of the Alphabet in Arabic, Joseph K. Arnold, Hebraica, vol. 11, no 3/4 (Apr.-Jul., 1895), The
University of Chicago Press. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/527409 . ) This may be summarized as
follows:
1. The first two letters, alif ( U ) and baa ( V ) which make the first line of Cos Pattern (See Fig. 1 for
the following) remains the same as in the older order.
2. Must move the letter nuun ( s ) from the 14th letter place to the 25th letter place.
3. Keep four letters intact since they have no diacritic forms. These letters are at locations
25- nuun ( s ), 24- miim( r ) , 23- laam ( q ), 22- kaf- ( p ).
4. There were three locations 28-27-26 unfilled to the end. Here three vowels may be placed.
5. There were 19 letters needed to be moved. These were grouped by twos and threes to the lower end
by diacritic marks. mathematically: [28- (2+4+3) = 19]
The number 19 appears to have much significance and is detailed in my book Sacred Stones Sacred
Stories vol. 1. Note that the number [25} is next to the number {19} in fig. 1.
If my theory concerning the Muqattaat are all do to coincidences, then if this were a lottery, I
would be winning the jackput. Understand that all the papers presented here with all the accompanying
arguments discussed merely show only the tip of the iceberg in what I have discovered as my book,
Sacred Stones Sacred Stories vol. 1 gives more arguments, discussions, figures, tables, and other
details not found in these free downloadable texts.
APPENDIX
The Cos Pattern is detailed in my book Sacred Stones Sacred Stories vol. 1. A general
explanation of how I determined this pattern is that I took the most accurate description1 of the
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colors of the three by four rows of twelve stones in the High Priests Breastplate and discovered
that another listing of twelve names-- the first letters of the names of the twelve sons of Ishmael2-could be linked in the same order as the colored stones. For example: if we had five names
beginning with the letters B-M-M-M-F, and we had five color stones red-blue1-green- blue2 blue3,
then we could draw lines linking the colors red to blue1 to blue2 to blue3 to green. But a number of
variations are possible like green to blue1 to blue2 to blue3 to red, or green to blue2 to blue1 to blue3.
Fortunately I found clues as to a single correct variation which are detailed in my book.
1. Gemstones of the Bible, Percy H. Perkins, (second edition. 1977, ISBN 960-3090-2-0 Brantley
Printing Co. Waycross, Georgia 31501)
2. see Gen.25:13
Below is Fig. 6 redrawn to better show the mirror image of the two horizontal lines. Fig. 6 is drawn
correctly but the mirror image is not as noticeable as drawn below.

Fig. 6 redrawn to show two lines at the top and bottom are mirror images.

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Fig. 23c. This is Fig. 23a redrawn for clarity. Numbers and letters are discussed in text.
note: six locations have 5 lines (odd number) radiating from them, and two locations have 3 lines (odd
number) radiating from them. The number 5 constitutes half of the ten sephirot in kabbalah. Note also
that the counting (1-2-3-4 and A-B-C and a-b-c) all involve only the four Ambiguous Ink Spots
(shown in Yellow).

Below are the five individual parts numbered Figs. 6a thorough 6e of the completed pattern seen in
Fig. 6 instead of showing them as a single figures with five colored parts. This is useful if you are
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printing this paper without color.


Fig. 6a D. Dove Lines

Fig. b Addlines

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Fig. c Ambiguous Ink Spots

Fig. d Leaf Line

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Fig. e Ink Spot

Important Evidence the Quran was edited using the Abbreviated letter Muqattaat
A well known fact concerning the Abbreviated Letters is that a number of surahs having letters
having a number of words in the first two ayat (sentences). I will now explore this concept and also
discuss a related investigation of words in surahs which match parts of the completed design of Fig. 6
This latter investigation is very important because it is a major proof that this design was used in the
order of editing the surahs of the Quran by following this design.
First, let us examine the table below which has all the relevant facts. The left column lists the
interval of surah numbers from 2 to 72. Surahs higher than surah 72, do not have any words in
question so are not listed in the table. Gray boxes designates surahs with Abbreviated Letters. The next
column shows if the surah has any of these words in the first two ayat: book, revealed, revelation,
quran,scripture. The word pen or pen holder is also in this grouping, but it only appears once as
a single letter in the last surah having letters. All these words are in this column labeled Group A.
The next column shows which of the five types of line ( D. Dove, Snake/ Addline, Ambiguous, Leaf
Line, Ink Spot) is present in this surah. The next column shows if within the surah are stories which
mention either Noah, Jonah, Jonah and a big fish, pharaoh in whose presents snakes turned into staffs
and vice versa. Also words like signs of which snakes turning into staffs was one of the signs before
pharaoh. All these words or names are in this column labeled Group B. The next column shows if
there are any correlations between the type of line and the words in group B.
The five types of lines are:
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D. Dove (descending dove) = The story of Jonah or fish (where the name means dove in Arabic
and Hebrew Fish refers to the story of Jonah and the big fish
The story of Noah refers to Noah and the descending dove onto
the hand of Noah on the Ark.
Snake/addline =

Added lines which refers to the story of Moses turning his staff
into a snake and vice versa. Words implying this detail can also
be the mention of magicians in Pharaohs court or of Pharaoh
ignoring miracle signs.

Ambiguous Ink Spot =

Two ink spots whose location are ambiguous as being either part
of the D. Dove pattern of lines or the Snake/Addline pattern of
lines. Any story in these surahs can be any of the stories shown in
this column.

Leaf Line

The Leaf Line is the line representing the olive leaf in the beak of
the descending dove onto the hand of Noah on the Ark. Any story
of Noah and the dove would be expected in the Abbreviated
Letter surahs having the Leaf Line.

INK SPOT

The Ink Spot relates to a fish as discussed and shown in Fig. 24.
The story of Jonah and the big fish would be expected in the
Abbreviated Letter surah having the Ink Spot.

Table 10

SURAH

GROUP A

TYPES OF LINE

GROUP B

CORRELATIONS

YES

D. Dove

no

YES

D. Dove

no

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

NO

JONAH, NOAH

JONAH, NOAH
D. Dove

NOAH-SNAKE/STAFF

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yes on Noah only

10

YES

D. Dove

JONAH-NOAHSNAKE/STAFF

yes on Jonah- Noah


only

11

YES

D. Dove

NOAH, PHARAOH

yes on Noah only

12

YES

D. Dove

no

13

YES

D. Dove

no

14

YES

D. Dove

no

15

YES

D. Dove

no

16

NO

17

YES

18

YES

19

NO

Snake/Addline

20

YES

Snake/Addline

21

NO

22

NO

23

NO

24

YES

25

NO

26

YES

Snake/Addline

NOAH-PHARAOH/
MAGICIANS

yes on pharaoh,
magicians only

27

YES

Snake/Addline

PHARAOH

yes

28

YES

Snake/Addline

PHARAOH

yes

29

NO

D. Dove

NOAH

yes

30

NO

D. Dove

no

31

YES

D. Dove

no

32

YES

D. Dove

no

33

YES

34

NO

PHARAOH

no
PHARAOH/
MAGICIANS

yes

JONAH-NOAH

JONAH-NOAH

NOAH

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35

NO

36

YES

37

NO

38

YES

39

YES

40

NO

Leaf Line

41

YES

Leaf Line

no

42

NO

Leaf Line

no

43

YES

Leaf Line

44

YES

Leaf Line

no

45

YES

Leaf Line

no

46

YES

Leaf Line

no

47

NO

48

NO

49

NO

50

YES

51

NO

52

YES

53

NO

54

NO

55

YES

56

NO

57

NO

58

NO

59

NO

60

NO

Snake/Addline

no
JONAH-NOAHPHARAOH

Ambiguous Ink Spot

no

PHARAOH

PHARAOH

Ambiguous Ink Spot

NOAH
NOAH

NOAH

70

no

no

is ambiguous

61

NO

62

YES

63

NO

64

NO

65

NO

66

NO

67

NO

68

PEN

69

NO

70

NO

71

NO

72

YES

NOAH

Ink Spot

JONAH/FISH

yes on fish only

NOAH

NOAH

Most of the Abbreviated Letter surahs can be found mostly in the interval 2 through 46 (only surahs
50 and 68 are outside this compact interval. Also note that since there are a total of 114 surahs most of
the Abbreviated Letter surahs are at the beginning of the Quran.
89% of surahs having Abbreviated Letters have words from group A, while 2% of surahs over surah
number 68 have words from group A. Thus most of the surahs having these words are in surahs having
Abbreviated Letters. There is a 34% number of surahs having a correlation.
Why these words? Do all books and the completed pattern of Fig. 6 have anything in common? They
both are written on a surface using pens. Fig. 6 is like a page in a book. A revelation or something
reveled is something hidden but now made known. Fig. 6 likewise is hidden until it is made known i.e.
it is a revelation.
The correlation of types of lines and textual agreements in the two columns on the right, is not as
conclusive but appears to be more then just random.
Note surah 42, is the only surah having two letters above three letters is the only surah in the interval
between 40 through 46 which does not mention book or revelation or reveled. Note the vague
references to both the Noah story and the pharaoh story in surah 50 which had the ambiguous ink spots
(Noah story is D. Dove and Pharaoh story is a Snake/Addline story which is in the definition of the type
of line called ambiguous Ink Spot). Also note many of stories match the type of line for example surah
29 a D.Dove line has a D. Dove story (Noah). A very significant point is that transitions from one
type of line to another has equivalent transitions in their respective stories. An example is surah 28 a
snake/Addline having a correct corresponding story (a mention of pharaoh) and the next surah 29 a D.
Dove having the correct corresponding story ( a mention of Noah) occurring at an expected location
within the Quran. Surah 68 is a very strong case for this table to be more then coincidence since here
the fifth element-- an ink spot occurs where the words pen and write occur in the first ayat (sentence).
Here Jonah and the fish are both mentioned in the text. The ink spot is written with a pen, and the letter
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represented the letter nuun, is an Arabic word for fish.Also note how Jonah/fish in surah 68 is the
only Jonah story surrounded by Noah stories.
A closer look at the Sefirot Tree of Life and the Quranic Mystery
Below is the Tree of Life Sifirot design in color.

Fig. 23d

In Fig. 23d on the left there are three circles with two blue interconnecting lines. On the right there are
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three circles with two red interconnecting lines. In the center there are four circles with three green
lines. We also have a single dotted circle on the green line not connected to any line. There are four
yellow lines as shown. the remaining lines are black.
We have:
3 circles labeled A, B, C connected by 2 red lines labeled [1], [2]
3 circles labeled a, b c
connected by 2 violet lines labeled {1}, {2}
4 circles labeled 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 connected by 3 green lines labeled 1*, 2*, 3*,
4 yellow lines labeled (1) , (2) , (3) , (4)
11 black lines
3+ 3+4 = 10 circles. the dotted non connected
circle makes 11 circles.

2+2+3+4+11 = 22 lines

In Fig. 23d above, the 10 circles with a missing 11th non connected circle and a counting of 22 lines
are well known attributes of this design called the Tree of Life. The word sefirot means to count the
10 positions indicated by the 10 circles. Also, the 22 lines matches the number of letters in the Hebrew
alphabet.
Now compare Fig.23d with Fig. 23c seen previously and note that they are line by line similar.
We have:
3 circles labeled A, B, C connected by 2 red lines labeled [1], [2]
3 circles labeled a, b c
connected by 2 violet lines labeled {1}, {2}
4 circles labeled 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 connected by 3 green lines labeled 1*, 2*, 3*,
4 yellow circles labeled (1) , (2) , (3) , (4)
11 black lines
3+ 3+4 = 10 circles. a single non connected
black circle makes 11 circles.

2+2+3+4+11 = 22 lines

Note: Fig. 23d has 4 yellow lines instead of 4 yellow circles as in Fig. 23c. In Fig. 23c the number 11 is
still present as the 11 black lines. Also the number 10 is present as well, because the figure has 8 places
where lines converge and if we add the two black circles we get the number 10. The two disconnected
circles in Fig. 23c is mimicked in the single disconnected circle seen in Fig. 23d.

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A Demonstration of the Tree of Life and the Abbreviated Letters


Below is the Tree of Life with 10 locations and a hidden 11th as in Figs. 23b, 23d. Here number of lines
are shown at each location.

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Below is the Abbreviated letter pattern similar to Fig. 23a and Fig.23c but rotated counterclockwise
90. Again the number of lines are shown. Notice this figure and the previous figure can have the same
names on the same 10 locations. There are a number of similarities and differences in these two figures.

My point is that the Traditional Tree of Life in Kabbalah is very similar to the double pattern created
by the Abbreviated Letters of the Quran.
This tree of life design (Heb. aetz Chiym) is also called the safirot. The name has the same root as the
word for the stone called sapir (sapphire) which was on of the stones in the breastplate of the High
Priest. In my book (see Sacred Stones Sacred Stories, vol.1) I go into great detail about these 12 stones,
the Cos Pattern, which is the basis of this pattern and of the 12 tribes associated with these stones and
this pattern. The empty space above the descending dove in location {3} which have the numbers {3]
[11] in Fig. 6 corresponds to the sapir stone and the tribe of Judah but I do not know of any significance
to this observation.

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My books are: Sacred Stones Sacred Stories vol. 1 and vol. 2


(vol. 1 has much more on the abbreviated letters.)
I may be contacted on my blog:1ofkersondiscoveries.wordpress.com
or my website: sacredstonessacredstories.com
or my video clips: search on the name < Robert Kerson >
my email: rkerson@snet.net
last modified 7/31/2015

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