Running head: MCMINN S 4MAT REVIEW


4-MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Liberty University

Mark R. Psychology.. Ph. religious satisfaction. Therefore. The goal of the Christian counselor is to promote mental and spiritual growth. so that the client can draw from their faith and look to God for guidance. 66). and a general sense of well-being´ (p. many times spirituality will fall by the wayside in the counseling session. Praying allows us to be in touch with God. Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling gives insight into how these three perspectives can be used to help individuals identify certain aspects of their lives that might be enhanced when the counselor includes spirituality into their counseling sessions. 47). theology and spirituality into counselor and clients lives. (1996) 4 MAT Review: Psychology. However. McMinn (1996) allows us to see that we need a healthy sense of self in order to overcome our obstacles (p. with their clients. We also see how important it is for the counselor to be in touch with their own spirituality so that they can lead by example.MCMINN S 4 MAT REVIEW 2 McMinn. One way we develop a healthy sense of self is to pray. If a trusting . Many counselors have a hard time addressing their own faith. McMinn (1996) gives us ways in which the counselor can integrate their spirituality into the counseling sessions and promote Christian guidance.D. greater marital satisfaction. Tyndale House Publishers. McMinn (1996) states that ³those who pray often tend to experience more purpose in life. They question whether it is acceptable to talk to their clients about their Christian beliefs. the counselor must first establish a trusting relationship with the client before they can effectively use prayer within the counseling sessions. Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Abstract Christian counseling is all about integrating psychology. into their clients lives. Inc.

introducing scripture into the counseling relationship and establishing good trusting relationships with our client. McMinn (1996) allows us to see that when we counsel individuals we have the ability to impact them on many different levels. counselors . The way a client is treated or responded to can often allow them to transform into healthier individuals. they allow the client to confide in the counselor. The use of scripture can also play a part in the counseling sessions. This allows the client to relax and open up. McMinn (1996) states that ³forgiveness is an act of compassion that comes from one person¶s identifying with another´ (p. 107-108). with their client. By praying with our clients. Once the client has confessed then it is important to establish forgiveness. 242). As counselors we can offer the client a feeling of redemption when we use our own psychological. The way that we look at things can affect how we respond to certain issues. it is important that as counselors we put things in perspective and allow ourselves to be unbiased.MCMINN S 4 MAT REVIEW 3 relationship is not established. theological and spiritual abilities to enhance the counseling relationship (p. We also see that sin is thought of as the cause of many psychological issues. When a counselor establishes a trusting relationship. When looking at sin we look at the internal and external attribution factors that contribute to emotional behavior. When we allow ourselves to have insight and humility we can release ourselves from our sin and seek redemption. 216). Therefore. Overall. the counselor runs the risk of the client pulling away or ending the counseling relationship. McMinn (1996) has indicated that scripture can provide substance for contemplation and theological boundaries to keep the client from slipping into heresy and self worship (p. McMinn (1996) also allows us to see how the confession of the client can alleviate some of the clients emotional issues.

My counselor was patient with me. I introduced spirituality into our session. Initially. I wasn¶t a customer for prayer. At one point. I had never been exposed to Christian counseling and had no idea that the counselor that I was planning on seeing had a Christian based practice. before I was ready. I decided to seek counseling. I was mad at God and I was sure that my prayers would not be answered. help the client establish a relationship with God in order to forgive themselves and others and seek redemption for indiscretions. I confessed my feelings and allowed myself to grieve. I went through a very emotional time. As counselors our faith is a very important aspect of leading our clients to the Lord.Ike1]: You provided an excellent review of the book covering the material with insight and eloquence in your writing. I would have stopped our sessions. he would slip scripture into our sessions and ask me if I would like to pray. After a several months. I needed time. I believe that if my counselor had pushed me to pray. I declined the prayer but reflected upon the scripture. The word of God has enormous healing powers and when clients tap into these wonderful powers they start their journey to better emotional health. My counselor and I talked in depth about how God has a plan for everyone and that his intention is not to cause pain. I shunned the idea of any type of religious interactions. That day I allowed my counselor to pray with me. unfortunately your assignment called for you to µsummarize what you have read as if you were the author´ which you didn¶t do here by referring to McMinn in the third person -5 . I could pray all I wanted to but prayer wouldn¶t bring my brother back. I needed to establish a comfortable relationship with my counselor and I needed to know that I would not be judged for the way that Comment [Dr. Occasionally. after my brother passed away.MCMINN S 4 MAT REVIEW 4 are able to hear client confessions. I broke down. Afterall. Concrete Response When I moved back home. I wanted to know how a God that was so good could cause such pain.

Many clients. One thing that I would like more clarity on is how counselors can integrate spirituality into the counseling relationship when there is a difference in beliefs? If Christian counselors are to lead and guide their clients to God then how do we effectively do that when our beliefs may be different from our clients? McMinn (1996) uses a cognitive/behavioral approach.Ike4]: Great reflections. Comment [Dr.MCMINN S 4 MAT REVIEW 5 I was feeling and the things that I had done. the way a counselor displays their spirituality and approaches spirituality in the counseling setting is a key factor in how well the counselor can blend psychotherapy and spirituality. Comment [Dr.Ike3]: That is called countertransference and you will always be dealing with that. I enjoyed McMinn¶s approach to prayer. I believe that McMinn provides us with a good foundation on how Christian counselors can guide their clients to rely upon God. Reflection Prior to reading this book I was unclear as to how the counselor could go about introducing spirituality into the counseling relationship. They look for a counselor that will hold them accountable for their actions and make them question themselves. Too much too soon can lead to dissolution of the counseling relationship. And it is not our job to lead our clients anywhere. We need to be responsive to their needs not our needs to evangelize. I also believe that the counselor must identify when their client is ready for this approach. I needed someone to listen. In my opinion.Ike2]: Excellent response and clear witness to the power of redemption. Action Christianity is prevalent all over the world. I agree with McMinn that God is always a part of the counseling session. . Comment [Dr. especially those in the ³Bible Belt´ seek our Christian counselors. As individuals are exposed to all of the temptations the world has to offer. However. Without God we cannot experience healing. they find themselves conflicted and emotionally unhealthy. I needed forgiveness and was seeking redemption.

People want someone to listen and not judge. I would ask them about their spiritual beliefs. McMinn (1996) has allowed me insight into the correct ways to integrate spirituality into a counseling session. I would offer prayer and introduce certain scriptures that appear to be relevant to their situation.MCMINN S 4 MAT REVIEW 6 Sin infiltrates lives and makes people question who they are. guide individuals and allow my own spirituality to shine through. Therefore. I feel his wisdom can be a good guide for Christian practices. If I were counseling a client. less judgmental.Ike5]: Excellent overall Review of McMinn despite the weaknesses noted above. I feel that I can be a better listener. In expanding their beliefs. This is where the Christian counselor comes in. How we live our own lives is visible by our actions and demeanor. Comment [Dr. Judgment pushes people away and takes away trust. I would lead my client by example and give my client the opportunity to talk openly without judgment. 95 . It seems to have had a notable impact on you that is common and positive and this book will be one that you will use frequently in your practice. Once trust was established. Nothing worth having comes without hard work. To be effective. I will keep McMinn on my shelf so that I can utilize this book as a resource. I feel that you must approach things slowly and display your own spirituality and beliefs from within. Christian counselors have the capacity to make a difference in the lives of those individuals who are struggling to become spiritually healthy. what they believe and how they can become healthy spiritual individuals. I feel that I consistently have to work on maintaining my own spirituality. I want the client to know that I respect their beliefs and that I would like to expand upon them. I would want to make sure that I allowed the client to trust in our relationship.

Psychology.R. M. Carol Stream. IL: Tyndale House Publishers . Theology & Spirituality in Christian Counseling. (1996).MCMINN S 4 MAT REVIEW 7 References McMinn.

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