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SECTION THICKNESS

SECTION TYPE
SPACING

2.0

300
1200

DEAD LOAD

0.1

LIVE LOAD

0.5

EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTOR()


EFFECTIVE BEARING LENGTH(N)

0.7
0

ACTUAL DEFLECTION
ALLOWABLE MAXIMUM SPAN
UNDER SERVICEABILITY LIMTS

130.597
15.045

SELECTED SPAN
FAILURE MODE
MOMENT CAPACITY CHECK
WEB CRUSHING CHECK
SHEAR CHECK ON WEB
COMBINED BENDING AND WEB CRUSHING
COMBINED BENDING AND SHEAR
LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING

6.0

mm
mm
kN/m2

kN/m2

I
Ys
Us
AREA
D
Zx

mm
mm
m

Sx

SPAN OK
SECTION OK
SECTION OK
SECTION OK
SECTION OK
SECTION OK
SECTION IS ELASTIC

TRUE
TRUE

ry
No of 90
bends

205000000000 N/m2
0 m4
450 N/mm2
500 N/mm2
1094 mm2
300 mm
99680 mm3
116700 mm3
95 mm
2 mm
90 deg
0.04 m
4

section property table


t=

1.6
Type

Ys=450N/mm2
A
(mm)

t=

C75
C100
C150
C200
C250

75
100
150
200
250

C300

300

2.0
Type

Ys=450N/mm2
A
(mm)

C75
C100

75
100

C150
C200
C250
C300

150
200
250
300

SERVICEABILITY CONDITION
DEFLECTION(m)
UNFACTORED IMPOSED LOAD

<=SPAN/150
w=IL * S

ACTUAL DEFLECTION
SPAN FOR SERVICEABILITY LIMITS

5wl4/(384EI)
l=(100*E*I/(150w))^(1/3)

MAXIMUM BENDING MOMENTS AND SHEAR FORCE


ULTIMATE TOTAL LOAD
(1.4*DL+1.6*LL)S*l
MAXIMUM BENDING MOMENT(M)
0.25*w*l
MAXIMUM REACTION ON WEB
1.1*w
AVARAGE MAXIMUM SHEAR FORCE
0.6*w

MOMENT CAPACITY CHECK


Ysa(Py)

Ys+(5*N*t^2/A)*(Us

P0

MIN((1.13-0.0019*(DW/t)*(YS/280)0.5))PY O

MC

P0*Zx

Mp

Ys*Sx for({b/t<25(280/Ys)^0.5, M'c=Mp=Ys*


{b/t>40(280/Ys)^0.5,M'c=Mc=PoZx}
{25(280/Ys)^0.5<b/t<40(280/Ys)^0.5,M'c=M
0/Ys)^0.5-b/t)/(15(280/Ys)^0.5)*(Mp-M

M'C(max design moment)

CHECK

M<M'c

WEB CRUSHING CHECK


ASSUME N=100mm
FOR MINIMMUM C<1.5D
IT SHOULD D/t<=200 AND r/t<=6
D/t
r/t
k
C3
C4
C12
Pw

150
1
Py/228
1.33-0.33*k
(1.15-0.15*(r/t))(0.5<C4<=1)
0.7+0.3*(/90)2

t2*k*C3*C4*C12{2060-3.8(D/t)}*{1+.01(N/

FOR C> 1.5D LOAD OR REACTION FAR FROM FREE END


C1
1.22-0.22k
C2
Pw

1.06-0.06r/t <=1.0
t2kC1C2C12{3350-4.6(D/t)}*{1+0.007(N

M AT Pw OCCUR

Pw
R(REACTION ON WEB)
PW>=R

CHECK

SHEAR CHECK ON WEB


P, MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS
P<=0.7PY

CHECK
S, AVERAGE SHEAR STRESS

0.6*PY= 272.2
S<= 0.6*PY OR(1000*t/D)2

CHECK
COMBINED EFFECTS
COMBINED BENDING AND WEB CRUSHING
CHECK 1.2*(FW/PW)+(M/MC)<=1.5
M/MC<=1
FW/PW<=1
COMBINED BENDING AND SHEAR
CHECK (Fv/Pv)2+(M/Mc)2<=1

0.03684

LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING


MY

Py*Zc

LE

*L

Cb

1.75-1.05*+0.3*2 (<=2.3 AND =1)


LE/ry<40Cb,=0 AND L

{My+(1+)*ME}/2

ME

(2*A*E*D/(2(LE/ry

Mb

ME*MY/{B+(B2-M
MAXIMUM BENDING MOMENT(M)
check Mb<=Mc

CHECK

Mb>M

on property table
Ys=450N/mm2
B

Area

(mm)

(mm2)

rxx
m2

(mm)

Zxx
m

(x103

30
50
65
76
76

225
362.6
497
621.8
705

0
0
0
0
0

29.4
40.3
60.1
79.3
96.8

0.03
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.1

mm3)
5192
11782
23953
39099
52893

95

877.8

117.0

0.12

80238

Ys=450N/mm2
B

Area

rxx

Zxx

(mm)

(mm2)

(mm)

(x103

30
50

278
450

0
0

29.2
40.1

0.03
0.04

mm3)
6334
14500

65
76
76
95

618
774
878
1094

0
0
0
0

59.9
79.1
96.6
117.0

0.06
0.08
0.1
0.12

29610
48440
65610
99680

l/150
600 N/m

0.131 m
15.045 m

*I/(150w))^(1/3)

RCE
1.6*LL)S*l

6.768 kN
4.061 kN.m
7.445 kN
4.061 kN

*t^2/A)*(Us-Ys) AND <1.25*Ys OR Us

453.656 N/mm2

3-0.0019*(DW/t)*(YS/280)0.5))PY OR PY

348.724 N/mm2
34.761 kN.m

{b/t<25(280/Ys)^0.5, M'c=Mp=Ys*S},
b/t>40(280/Ys)^0.5,M'c=Mc=PoZx},
Ys)^0.5<b/t<40(280/Ys)^0.5,M'c=Mc+(40(28
s)^0.5-b/t)/(15(280/Ys)^0.5)*(Mp-Mc)}
M<M'c

52.515 kN.m
34.761 kN.m

SPAN OK

Can Continue
Can Continue
1.990
0.673
1.000
1.000

*k
5*(r/t))(0.5<C4<=1)
/90)2

C4*C12{2060-3.8(D/t)}*{1+.01(N/t)}

7.9856 kN

EE END
0.78

1
C1C2C12{3350-4.6(D/t)}*{1+0.007(N/t)}

1
16.56 kN

OK

kN.m

7.9856 kN
7.445 kN
PW>=R

SECTION OK

5.568 N/mm2
317.56 N/mm2

SECTION OK
3.712 N/mm2

(1000*t/D)2= 44.4
S<= 0.6*PY OR(1000*t/D)2

SECTION OK

SECTION OK
SECTION OK
SECTION OK
Pv

26.7 kN

SECTION OK

45.220 kN.m
4.200 m

*+0.3*2 (<=2.3 AND =1)


Cb,=0 AND LE/ry>40Cb,=0.002(LE/ry-40Cb)

)*ME}/2

0.154
36.593 kN.m

*D/(2(LE/ry)2))*Cb*{1+0.05*(LE*t/ry*D)2}0.5
2

1.000

0.5

B+(B -ME*MY) }

UM BENDING MOMENT(M)
check Mb<=Mc

24.233 kN.m
20.998 kN.m
6.768 kN.m
20.998

SECTION OK

Sxx

Ixx

ryy

(x103

(x106

(mm)

mm4)

m4

m3
0
0
0
0
0

mm3)
6.06
13.57
27.57
45.25
62.12

mm3
6060
13570
27570
45250
62120

m3
0
0
0
0
0

0.2
0.59
1.8
3.91
6.61

0
0
0
0
0

10.4
19.2
24.5
28.4
27.8

93.84

93840

12.04

36.1

Sxx

Ixx

ryy

(x103

(x106
mm4)

(mm)

0
0

mm3)
7.44
16.77

7437
16770

0
0

0.24
0.73

0
0

10.2
19

0
0
0
0

34.17
56.19
77.2
116.7

34170
56190
77200
116700

0
0
0
0

2.22
4.84
8.2
14.95

0
0
0
0

24.3
28.2
27.6
35.9

m
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.04

0.01
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.04

Zinc-Alum roof sheeting


DL=0.25 kN/m2

LL=0.043 kN/m

Span for 1.6 mm thick Sections/m


Spacing/mm

Section

800

1000

1200

1500

1800

C75

3.1

2.9

2.8

2.6

2.5

C100

5.1

4.8

4.6

4.3

4.1

C150

6.9

6.5

6.2

5.9

5.6

C200

8.5

8.0

7.6

7.2

6.9

C250

9.2

8.7

8.3

7.8

7.4

C300

11.5

10.9

10.4

9.4

7.9

LL=0.043 kN/m2

Section

DL=0.25 kN/m2

Span for 2.0 mm thick Sections/m


Spacing/mm
800.0

1000.0

1200.0

1500.0

1800.0

C75

3.2

3.0

2.9

2.7

2.6

C100

5.4

5.1

4.8

4.6

4.3

C150

7.3

6.9

6.6

6.2

5.9

C200

8.9

8.4

8.1

7.6

7.3

C250

9.7

9.1

8.7

8.2

7.8

C300

12.2

11.5

11.0

10.4

9.9

FAILURE MODE

WEB CRUSHING
LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING

Asbastos roof sheeting (6mm thick)


LL=0.12 kN/m2
DL=0.25 kN/m2

Span for 1.6 mm thick Sections/m


Spacing/mm

Section

800

1000

1200

1500

1800

Failure mode

C75

2.9

2.8

2.6

2.5

2.4

MOMENT CAPACITY

C100

4.8

4.6

4.3

4.1

3.9

WEB CRUSHING

C150

6.5

6.2

5.9

5.6

5.3

SHEAR CHECK ON WEB

C200

8.0

7.6

7.2

6.8

6.5

COMBINED BENDING AND

C250

8.7

8.2

7.8

7.4

6.9

COMBINED BENDING AND

C300

10.9

10.3

9.6

7.7

6.4

LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCK

LL=0.12 kN/m2

Section

DL=0.25 kN/m2

Span for 2.0 mm thick Sections/m


Spacing/mm
800.0

1000.0

1200.0

1500.0

1800.0

C75

3.1

2.9

2.7

2.6

2.5

C100

5.1

4.8

4.6

4.3

4.1

C150

6.9

6.5

6.2

5.9

5.6

C200

8.5

8.0

7.6

7.2

6.9

C250

9.1

8.6

8.2

7.8

7.4

C300

11.5

10.9

10.5

9.8

9.4

Failure mode

MOMENT CAPACITY

WEB CRUSHING

SHEAR CHECK ON WEB

COMBINED BENDING AND WEB CRUSHING

COMBINED BENDING AND SHEAR

LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING

FOR ZINC-ALUM SHEETING


Span/mm

FOR ASB

Purlin Spacing Purlin Spacing Purlin Spacing


1200mm C/C 1500mm C/C 1800mm C/C

Span/mm

5000

C150-1.6

C150-1.6

C150-1.6

5000

6000

C150-1.6

C150-2.0

C200-1.6

6000

7000

C200-1.6

C200-1.6

C200-2.0

7000

8000

C200-2.0

C250-2.0

C300-1.6

8000

9000

C300-1.6

C300-1.6

C300-1.6

9000

10000

C300-1.6

C300-2.0

10000

FOR ASBESTOS SHEETING


Purlin Spacing
1200mm C/C

Purlin
Purlin Spacing
Spacing
1800mm C/C
1500mm C/C

C150-1.6

C150-1.6

C150-1.6

C150-2.0

C200-1.6

C200-1.6

C200-1.6

C200-2.0

C250-2.0

C250-2.0

C300-2.0

C300-2.0

C300-1.6

C300-2.0

C300-2.0

C300-2.0

Reference

Calculations
Consider the section

C200

Section thickness, t

1.6

Assume Spacing of purlins, S

1000

Assume Effective bearing length, N

100

BS5950Modulus of elasticity, E
5:1998, cl3.3.3

205

Second moment of area,Ixx

3.910 x 106

Section
property table
Yield srength, Ys
provided by
client
Ultimate strength, Us

450
500

Area of the section

621.8

Depth of the section, D

200

Elastic section modulus, Zxx

39099

Plastic section modulus, Sxx

45250

Radius of gyration, ry

28.4

Flat width of Flange, B

76

Calculation of Span
Dead Load of Zink-Alum Roof, DL

0.04

Live Load, LL

0.25

BS59505:1998,
Deflection for seviceability limits
Table3
BS5950Unfactored Imposed Load
5:1998, cl 2.4

<=
w=

SPAN/150
LL x S

=
=
Actual Deflection
By equating,

l/150

0.25x1000
250

wl4/(100EI)

wl4/(100EI)
l=

(100xExI/(150w))^(1/3) m

(100x205x3.910 x 106
(150x250)^(1/3)x1000

12.88

Reference

Calculations
DESIGN LOADS

BS59505:1998,
Table2

Load factors, Dead Load = 1.4, Imposed Load = 1.6


Ultimate Total Load

=
=

Charles E.
Reynolds and
James C.
Steedman,
Reinforced Maximum Moment, M =
max
Concrete
Designer's
Handbook
Tenth edition,
P150-172

Maximum Reaction on Web

(1.4 x DL+1.6 x LL) S x l


(1.4x0.043 +
1.6x0.25)
x1.0x12.882

w=

5.93
0.1 WL

= 0.1 x 5.928 x 12.882


=

7.64

1.1 x w
= 1.1 x 5.928
=

Average Maximum Shear Force

6.52

0.6 x w
= 0.6 x 5.928
=

MOMENT CAPACITY CHECK


BS59505:1998,
cl 3.4

Increase in yield strength due to cold forming, Ysa


Ysa = Ys+(5*N*t^2/A)*(Us-Ys) AND <1.25*Ys OR Us

3.56

Ysa = 450 + (5x4x1.6^2/621.8)*(500-450)


Ysa <1.25x450 or 500
Ysa = 454.117 N/mm2
Ysa < 562.5 or 500
Ysa= Py (Design Strength)

Reference

Calculations

BS59505:1998,

Compressive stress for stiffened element po is lesser of,


(1.13 - 0.0019 x (DW/t) x (YS/280)0.5)PY or PY

cl 5.2.2

(1.13 - 0.0019 x (200 / 1.6) x (450/280)0.5)454.117 or 454.117


376.424 or 454.117
po =

376.42 N/mm2

Moment capacity, MC=


MC=

po x Zx

376.24 x 39099/1000^2
=

Applied maximum moment


Applied maximum moment

14.72

=
< Moment capacity

7.64

[section ok]

WEB CRUSHING CHECK


BS59505:1998,

Assume N=100mm

cl 5.3

For minimmum C<1.5D

Table7

It Should D/t<=200 AND r/t<=6


D/t

200/1.6

125 < 200

Can Continue

r/t

2/1.6

1.25 < 6

Can Continue

Py/228

450/228

C3 =

1.33-0.33xk = 1.33 - 0.33 x 1.991=

C4 =

(1.15-0.15*(r/t))(0.5<C4<=1)

C12 =

0.7+0.3*(/90)2

=
=

1.99
0.67
(1.15-0.15*(2/1.6)) =
1

Pw =

t2*k*C3*C4*C12{2060-3.8(D/t)}*{1+.01(N/t)}=
1.62 x1.991x0.672 x 0.962x 1.0{2060 - 3.8(200/ 1.6)}x{ 1+ 0.01(100/1.6)}

=
=

8.503 kN

Reaction on web

6.521 kN
Reaction on web < Total web reaction [section ok]

SHEAR CHECK ON WEB


BS59505:1998,
cl 5.4.2

Allowable maximum shear stress

= 0.7 py =

0.7 x 454.117
=

317.88

Reference

Calculations
Applied maximum shear stress

Allowable maximum shear stress >

average shear force x1.5/ section area


=

3557 x1.5 /621.8

8.581 N/mm2

Applied maximum shear stress


[ section ok]

BS59505:1998,

Allowable average shear stress

lesser of 0.6py or (1000t^2/D)

cl 5.4.3

=lesser of 0.6x454.117 or (1000x1.6^2/200)


64 N/mm2

Applied average shear stress

average shear force/ section area


3557
=
/621.8
=

Allowable average shear stress >

5.72 N/mm2

Applied average shear stress


[ section ok]

BS59505:1998,

COMBINED BENDING AND WEB CRUSHING

cl 5.5.1
(a) 1.2*(FW/PW)+(M/MC)<=1.5

= 1.2 x(6.521/8.503) + (0/14.718)


=0.92

<1.5

[ section ok]

M/MC<=1 =

<1

[ section ok]

FW/PW<=1 =

6.521/8.503

<1

[ section ok]

COMBINED BENDING AND SHEAR


BS59505:1998,
cl 5.5.2

CHECK (Fv/Pv)2+(M/Mc)2<=1
Fv =

3.56 kN

Pv =

lesser of pvDt or qcrDt


=

lesser of 0.6x454.117x200x1.6 or (1000x1.6^2/200)x200x1.6

20.48 kN

M=

(3.557/20.48)2+(0/14.718)2=0.03

<1

[ section ok]

Reference

Calculations

LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING

MY =
BS59505:1998,
cl 5.6.2.1

PyxZc
=

LE =

454.117 x 39099 /1000000


xL

Cb

= 0.7 x 12.882

17.76 kN.m

11.59 m

1.75-1.05*+0.3*2 (<=2.3 AND =1) =

LE/ry<40Cb,=0 and LE/ry>40Cb,=0.002(LE/ry-40Cb)

LE/ry =

11.594/0.0284 =

408.24

0.002(408.24-40) =

>40Cb

0.74

(2xAxExD/(2(LE/ry)2))xCbx{1+0.05x(LExt/ryxD)2}0.5

ME =
=

B =

(2x621.8x205x200/
(2(11.598/0.0284)2))x1x{1+0.05x(11.594x1.6/0.0
284x200)2}0.5

0.75

{My+(1+)*ME}/2
=

{17.775+(1+0.736)x0.754}/2

MExMY/{B+(B2-ME*MY)0.5}

Mb =
=

0.754x11.594/{9.533+(9.5332-0.754*11.594)0.5}

9.53

0.73 kN.m

Maximum Bending Moment(M)

5.93 kN.m

Mb < Maximum Bending Moment(M)


[ section fail]

Span should be decreased in the the work sheet until Mb <= Maximum Bending Moment(M)

From work sheet maximum allowable span is 8.0m

Results

mm
mm
mm
kN/mm2
mm4
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm2
mm
mm3
mm3
mm
mm

kN/m2
kN/m2

N/m
N/m

250 N/m

00xExI/(150w))^(1/3) m

(100x205x3.910 x 106
150x250)^(1/3)x1000
m

l=12.882m

Results

x DL+1.6 x LL) S x l

w=5.928

kN
kN.m

kN

5.928 x 12.882
kN.m

Mmax
7.64

kN

kN

kN
kN

kN.m

Ysa <1.25x450 or 500

ok

Results

Mc= 14.718
kN.m
kN.m

kN.m

0.96

8.503kN

}x{ 1+ 0.01(100/1.6)}
Pw =
8.503 kN

action [section ok]

N/mm2

Results

rce x1.5/ section area

hear stress

[ section ok]

py or (1000t^2/D)

17 or (1000x1.6^2/200)

force/ section area

rage shear stress


[ section ok]

[ section ok]

00x1.6^2/200)x200x1.6

[ section ok]

Results

kN.m

kN.m

m Bending Moment(M)

[ section fail]