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IGCC Newspaper Articles Report

Created by the Energy Center of Wisconsin – 2006.

Article Title:

Fuel independence through the combined efforts of the U.S. Government and Silverado

Source:

Canada NewsWire.

Date:

12/7/2005

Article

Due to their high inherent moisture levels, low-rank coals (LRCs) were not considered good feedstocks for Texaco gasification. High- rank bituminous coals and petroleum coke were preferred feedstocks to make concentrated slurries for feed to Texaco gasifiers. However, the development of Silverado's hydrothermal treatment process enables LRCs to be formulated into low-rank coal-water fuels (LRCWFs) with solids content approaching those of high-rank bituminous coals and petroleum coke. Thus, hydrothermal treatment will make it possible to apply Texaco gasification to be extended to all ranks of coal; in particular, Silverado's LRCWF.In the conceptual facility, low-rank coal is hydrothermally treated to produce a concentrated LRCWF using waste heat and power from the GE Texaco gasification/gas turbine generating complex. As illustrated in the attachment, a portion of the LRCWF is used as the feedstock for the gasifier, with the balance being available for sale as a low-cost alternative to oil in the international petroleum market. LRCWF enjoys all the benefits of liquid handling, storage, and transportation and it can be produced for under $13 per barrel on an oil equivalent energy basis. LRCWF that is not used in theIn the conceptual design GE's Texaco gasifiers with their emission control technologies would convert LRCWF and O2 into synthesis gas (CO+H2). Synthesis gas would be split between a number of end uses depending on demand. Some would be used to power the GE's gas-fired turbine generators. Some of the gas would be available for sale to existing fertilizer plants. At some later date one or more Fischer- Tropsch type gas to liquids plants could be added. A likely candidate for a Silverado Coal Ecoplex would be the production of sulfur free diesel and other fuels.

Article Title:

West Hawk Appoints Coal Mining and Coal Gasification Guru

Source:

Business Wire

Date:

12/6/2005

Article

West Hawk Development Corp. (the "Company"), (TSX VENTURE:WHD)(FWB:H5N) is pleased to announce that Wm. Mark Hart, PhD. MBA has agreed to join the company's executive team as a Director and Chief Operating Officer. Dr. Hart has a PhD. in mining Engineering & Environmental Mgt, Colorado School of Mines - 1997; MS, Mine Engineering, West Virginia University -1994; MBA - Masters in Business Administration, University of Phoenix in Denver -1991; BS/BE/AS, Mechanical Engineering Technology, Mining Engineering Technology and Electrical Engineering Technology, respectively - Fairmont State University 1974,1986 & 1988. Dr. Hart has also agreed to accept the position of Director, President and CEO of Northern Clean Fuels Inc. "NCFI", a federally incorporated wholly owned subsidiary of West Hawk Development Corp. Initially, NCFI will focus on clean coal technology applications within British Columbia, starting with the present opportunities at West Hawk's Australian Creek thermal coal project located 32 km's south of Quesnel, B.C. where the company has commissioned EBA Engineering to complete a National Instrument 43-101 compliant report of the compiled historic drill hole data. EBA will engineer an initial 20-hole drill program designed to advance current inferred resources to the measured and indicated category while determining sufficient coal resource tonnages to supply the proposed Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant and the fuel to liquids plant envisioned by Northern Clean Fuels Inc. The proposed power plant has an expected $800,000,000 Cdn. capital cost with a targeted +22% Internal Rate of Return and is designed to produce approximately 8600 barrels/day of zero sulphur "green" diesel fuel, 1600 bpd naphtha and 250 mega watts of green electric power per day for 30 years.

Energy Center of Wisconsin

Contact: Joe Kramer, jkramer@ecw.org

Newspaper Articles Report

Page 1 of 4

Article Title:

Power plant hearing gets started Monday;

Source:

San Antonio Express-News

Date:

12/4/2005

Article

The arguments for and against CPS Energy's proposed coal-fired power plant have focused on the big picture, from the plant's impact on global warming to its ability to keep San Antonians' skyrocketing energy bills down.Perhaps the major issue in the case, one that Public Citizens attorney David Frederick said is 85 percent of his argument, is whether CPS has adequately investigated gasification technology as an alternative to the conventional coal-fired plant it wants to build.The Austin-based SEED Coalition, the city of China Grove and the Jefferson Heights Association also are fighting the coal plant. Attorney Enrique Valdivia, who represents the Jefferson Heights neighborhood group, still sees room for settlement

Article Title:

AEP'S Emission Control Equipment Performs Better Than Designed to Reduce 2005 Ozone Season NOx Emissions

Source:

PR Newswire.

Date:

12/2/2005

Article

This report made by AEP and certain of its subsidiaries contains forward- looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Although AEP and each of its registrant subsidiaries believe that their expectations are based on reasonable assumptions, any such statements may be influenced by factors that could cause actual outcomes and results to be materially different from those projected.

Article Title:

Agrium Eyes Coal Gasification for Fertilizers

Source:

Chemical Week

Date:

11/23/2005

Article

Agrium says it has begun a study to evaluate the feasibility of using coal gasification technology as an alternative to natural gas to feed its Kenai, AK fertilizer plant. The facility is at risk of being closed because of a natural gas supply shortage, and is currently only operating at half capacity (CW, Feb. 16, p. 10). The company says that if the study results are positive, it will build a coal gasification facility at Kenai that would come onstream by 2011. Agrium says it is talking with Shell about using Shell's proprietary coal gasification technology. Financial details were not disclosed.

Article Title:

FROST & SULLIVAN: Advanced gas turbines to fill soaring demand for more efficient power generation

Source:

M2 Presswire

Date:

11/2/2005

Article

A total of 46,640 MW of gas turbine (7.773 GW per year) is projected to be added to the European electricity sector over the period 2005 to 2010. [Frost] & Sullivan estimates total addition of 40.026 GW of gas turbines from 2011 to 2015, and a further addition of 43 GW during the period 2016 to 2020.Of this, the European power generation market is forecast to add 9.263 GW of advanced gas turbines over the period 2005 to 2010, followed by an addition of 16.639 GW over the period 2011 to 15 and 13.586 GW over the period 2016 to 2020. These capacity additions are expected to comprise about 31 per cent of total gas turbines additions anticipated over the period 2005 to 2020.

Article Title:

SHIFTING WINDS, SHIFTING STRATEGIES

Source:

Public Utilities Fortnightly.

Date:

Nov-05

Article

In an interview, Michael Callahan, commissioner, Mississippi Public Service Commission,

Energy Center of Wisconsin

Contact: Joe Kramer, jkramer@ecw.org

Newspaper Articles Report

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Jeanne M. Fox, president, New Jersey Board of Public Utilities, Alan R. Schriber, chairman, Public Utilities Commission of Ohio, and Michael R. Peevey, president, California Public Utilities Commission, discussed their plans and priorities for today and the future. Though Callahan paints a bleak picture of the state's utility systems in the wake of Katrina, he also shows remarkable optimism about the possibilities that might emerge from the devastation it left behind. Fox said that New Jersey already is almost halfway toward the goal of serving new load via more efficiency and renewables, and auditors say the state will suffer only negligible economic impacts by implementing its plans. Schriber talked recently about the challenges and issues utility regulators face at the Ohio crossroads. Peevey in September explained how the challenges of resource adequacy and reliability are affecting California's long-term policy priorities.

Article Title:

CME proposes 600-MW IGCC plant in Ohio

Source:

Megawatt Daily

Date:

10/24/2005

Article

A Boston-based independent power producer, CME North American Merchant Energy, unveiled plans Friday to build a 600-MW integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power project aside the Ohio River in southern Ohio.

Article Title:

Proposal Reignites Power Struggle; A coal gasification project in Washington stirs memories of a $2.25-billion bond default in the 1980s.

Source:

Los Angeles Times.

Date:

10/23/2005

Article

Energy Northwest is a joint agency, comprising 19 public utilities and municipalities. It operates Columbia Generating Station near Richland, the only WPPSS nuclear plant now operating, and a hydropower project, as well as wind, solar and biomass power projects."To tie this to the WPPSS era is ludicrous," said Bob Boyd, an Energy Northwest board member representing the Chelan County Public Utility District. Boyd voted against the proposal on behalf of his district, partly because he believed the energy the plant produced would be too expensive. The WPPSS hangover likely won't impede the project's advancement, said Alan Spen, managing director at Fitch Ratings, who has tracked Energy Northwest for more than 20

Article Title:

DOE to do EIS on $2 billion Minnesota plant

Source:

Megawatt Daily

Date:

10/6/2005

Article

The Dept. of Energy on Wednesday launched an environmental analysis of Excelsior Energy Inc.'s plan to build and operate an integrated-gasification combined-cycle power plant in Minnesota's Iron Range. The project would demonstrate IGCC technologies for producing electricity from coal, including advanced gasification and air separation systems, DOE said. Excelsior plans to build the plant in two phases, each involving the installation of 600 MW of capacity.

Article Title:

Indiana county rejects 550-MW Tondu project

Source:

Megawatt Daily

Date:

9/26/2005

Article

Environmental concerns trumped economic promise in a northwestern Indiana county's sound rejection of Tondu Corp.'s plans for a 550-MW integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power project.

Energy Center of Wisconsin

Contact: Joe Kramer, jkramer@ecw.org

Newspaper Articles Report

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Article Title:

Experts doubt new energy law will usher in coal gasification plants

Source:

Platts

Date:

8/30/2005

Article

This article mentions: According to a recent report released by Standard & Poor's Rating Services, non-economic actors, such as concerns over domestic energy security and worries about global warming, a contractor's ability to complete a standardized plant and demonstrated operational reliability "will be key to IGCC's future prospects." The report, Prospects Improve For IGCC Technology In US, But Challenges Remain, notes four factors that are influencing the choice between IGCC and pulverized-coal power plants: capital costs and construction risks, environmental performance, technology and reliability and non-economic factors.

Energy Center of Wisconsin

Contact: Joe Kramer, jkramer@ecw.org

Newspaper Articles Report

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