This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
tropical to warm-temperate regions of both hemispheres, including Europe, Africa, southern Asia, and the Americas.
Scientific classification Kingdom: Division: Class: Order: Family: Subfamily: Tribe: Genus: Plantae Magnoliophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Fabaceae Mimosoideae Acacieae Acacia
Species About 1,300; see List of Acacia species
Acacia (pronounced /əˈkeɪʃə/)is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae, first described in Africa by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus in 1773. The plants tend to be thorny and pod-bearing. The name derives from ακις (akis) which is Greek for a sharp point, due to the thorns in the type-species Acacia nilotica ("Nile Acacia") from Egypt.  Acacias are also known as thorntrees or wattles, including the yellow-fever acacia and umbrella acacias. There are roughly 1300 species of Acacia worldwide, about 960 of them native to Australia, with the remainder spread around the
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The genus Acacia is apparently not monophyletic. This discovery has led to the breaking up of Acacia into five new genera as discussed in list of Acacia species.In common parlance the term "acacia" is occasionally misapplied to species of the genus Robinia, which also belongs in the pea family. Robinia pseudoacacia, an American species locally known as Black locust, is sometimes called "false acacia" in cultivation in the United Kingdom.
Acacia smallii The southernmost species in the genus are Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle), Acacia longifolia (Coast Wattle or Sydney Golden Wattle), Acacia mearnsii (Black Wattle), and Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood), reaching 43°30’ S in Tasmania, Australia, while Acacia caven (Espinillo Negro) reaches nearly as far south in northeastern Chubut Province of Argentina. Australian species are usually called wattles, while African and American species tend to be known as acacias. Acacia albida, Acacia tortilis and Acacia iraqensis can be found growing wild in the Sinai desert and the Jordan valley. It is found in the savanna vegetation of the tropical continental climate.
Acacia dealbata and the leaf-stalks (petioles) become vertically flattened, and serve the purpose of leaves. These are known as phyllodes. The vertical orientation of the phyllodes protects them from intense sunlight, as with their edges towards the sky and earth they do not intercept light so fully as horizontally placed leaves. A few species (such as Acacia glaucoptera) lack leaves or phyllodes altogether, but possess instead cladodes, modified leaflike photosynthetic stems functioning as leaves. The small flowers have five very small petals, almost hidden by the long stamens, and are arranged in dense globular or cylindrical clusters; they are yellow or creamcolored in most species, whitish in some, even purple (Acacia purpureapetala) or red (Acacia leprosa Scarlet Blaze). Acacia flowers can be distinguished from those of a large related genus, Albizia, by their stamens which are not joined at the base. Also, unlike individual Mimosa flowers, those of Acacia have more than 10 stamens..
The leaves of acacias are compound pinnate in general. In some species, however, more especially in the Australian and Pacific islands species, the leaflets are suppressed,
Acacia armata is the Kangaroo-thorn of Australia and Acacia erioloba is the Camelthorn of Africa. and Acacia collinsii (collectively known as the bullthorn acacias). Acacias contain a number of organic compounds that defend them from pests and grazing animals. In Mexico the seeds are known as Guajes: Guajes or huajes are the flat. sometimes cooked and made into a sauce. ???? and su pout ywet in Burmese) are used in soups. green pods of an acacia tree. The pods are sometimes light green or deep red in color—both taste the same. The dried seeds may be toasted and salted and eaten as a snack referred to as "cacalas". soft running texture and glass-like appearance. or sometimes leaf-stipules. The ants protect the plant by attacking large mammalian herbivores and stem-boring beetles that damage the plant. Guaje seeds are about the size of a small lima bean and are eaten raw with guacamole. These sometimes represent branches which have become short. In Burma. in return they add protection to the plant against herbivores. Acacia Symbiosis Acacia tree near the end of its range in the Negev Desert of southern Israel. The ground seeds are used to impart a slightly garlicy flavor to a mole called guaxmole (huaxmole). lipidrich food-bodies at the tips of the leaflets called Beltian bodies. and stirfries. malabaricus and Turnip Moth. Acacia cornigera. Other Lepidoptera larvae which have been recorded feeding on Acacia include Brown-tail. curries. Uses Food uses Acacia seeds are often used for food and a variety of other products. Purchase whole long Pests In Australia. especially those species growing in arid regions. omelettes. the large thorn-like stipules are hollow and afford shelter for ants. appreciated for its mild flowery taste. The leaf-mining larvae of some bucculatricid moths also feed on Acacia: Bucculatrix agilis feeds exclusively on Acacia horrida and Bucculatrix flexuosa feeds exclusively on Acacia nilotica. while other ant species will do nothing to benefit their host. Laos and Thailand. the feathery shoots of Acacia pennata (common name chaom. Endoclita 3 .From Wikipedia. hard and pungent. They can also be made into fritters. Acacia honey is one of the few honeys which does not crystallize. ligniveren. Some species of ants will also fight off competing plants around the acacia. Honey made by bees using the acacia flower as forage is considered a delicacy. which feed on a secretion of sap on the leaf-stalk and small. These burrow horizontally into the trunk then vertically down. Acacia collinsii Thorns In the Central American Acacia sphaerocephala. Similar mutualisms occur on Acacia trees in Africa. cutting off the offending plant’s leaves with their jaws and ultimately killing it. the free encyclopedia The plants often bear spines. Acacia species are sometimes used as food plants by the larvae of hepialid moths of the genus Aenetus including A. The Acacias provide nectar in extrafloral nectaries for their symbiotic ants.
makes them a considerable alternative to artificial fences and walls. The aesthetic characteristics of acacia plants. is procured from several species. StrawberryLemonade Powerade as well as in Läkerol pastille candies. as a cure for rabies. Acacia is listed as an ingredient in Fresca.From Wikipedia. it is erroneously known as "mimosa" in some areas where it is cultivated. Full Throttle Unleaded Energy Drink. Acacia pycnantha and Acacia retinodes as cut flowers and the common name there for them is mimosa. Acacia covenyi Paints The ancient Egyptians used Acacia in paints and stuff. the most popular perhaps is Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle). Ornamental species of acacia are also used by homeowners and landscape architects for home security. by boiling down the wood and evaporating the solution so as to get an extract.Langer’s Pineapple coconut Juice and Wrigley’s Eclipse chewing gum. The sharp thorns of some species deter unauthorized persons from entering private properties. but more especially from Acacia catechu. abundant in dry tropical West Africa from Senegal to northern Nigeria. Medicinal uses Many Acacia species have important uses in traditional medicine. Acacia arabica is the gum-Arabic tree of India. Acacia nilotica is considered a remedy that is helpful for treating premature ejaculation. but yields a gum inferior to the true gum-Arabic. Altoids mints. then boiled. The use of Acacia as a fragrance dates back centuries. Gum Various species of acacia yield gum. Another ornamental acacia is Acacia xanthophloea (Fever Tree). Acacia famous in Africa. True gum arabic is the product of Acacia senegal. Southern European florists use Acacia baileyana. Barq’s root beer. In Ayurvedic medicine. A 19th century Ethiopian medical text describes a potion made from an Ethiopian species of Acacia (known as grar) mixed with the root of the tacha. The Acacia tree is famous for its marvelous leaves. An astringent medicine. Perfume Acacia farnesiana Acacia farnesiana is used in the perfume industry due to its strong fragrance. Acacia dealbata. in conjunction with their home security qualities. called catechu or cutch. Dietary consumption The most well known visitor to the Acacia is the known giraffe. the free encyclopedia pods fresh or dried at Mexican specialty markets. and may prevent break-ins if planted under windows and near drainpipes. through confusion with the related genus Mimosa. with its attractive glaucous to silvery leaves and bright yellow flowers. Most all of the uses have been shown to have a scientific basis. since chemical compounds found in the various species have medicinal effects. Ornamental uses A few species are widely grown as ornamentals in gardens. the Acacia Tree. a citrus soft drink. Giraffes eat the most 4 .
Nepal. *Inner bark 5 . the builder of King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. Acacia is used in incense mainly in India. Tannin Symbolism and ritual The Acacia is used as a symbol in Freemasonry. Acacia decurrens (Tan Wattle). The tree gains its importance from the description of the burial of Hiram Abiff. known as wattles.1% 37-40% Tannins [%] 2-28% Dried Leaves Tannins [%] Acacia Seed Pods Tannins [%] 5-13% 32% 23% In the Bible. Italy and other countries it is customary to present women with yellow mimosas (among other flowers) on International Women’s Day (March 8).From Wikipedia. These "mimosas" are actually from Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle).5% 15-16% 19. burning of acacia wood as a form of incense is mentioned several times. A bottle of tannic acid. According to Easton’s Bible Dictionary. Tibet and China. Also. Roots and resin from Acacia are combined with rhododendron. acorus. is very rich in tannin and forms an important article of export. to represent purity and endurance of the soul. Smoke from Acacia bark is thought to keep demons and ghosts away and to put the gods in a good mood. Acacia dealbata (Silver Wattle) and Acacia mearnsii (Black Wattle). salvia and some other components of incense. root and resin) of Acacia are used to make incense for rituals. he said to "make an ark of acacia wood" and "make a table of acacia wood" (Exodus 25:10 & 23. important species include Acacia pycnantha (Golden Wattle). cytisus. The bark of various Australian species. Several parts (mainly bark. the Acacia tree may be the “burning bush” (Exodus 3:2) which Moses encountered in the desert. when God gave Moses the instructions for building the Tabernacle. the free encyclopedia Tannin Content of Various Acacia Species Bark Species Acacia albida Acacia cavenia Acacia dealbata Acacia decurrens Acacia farnesiana Acacia mearnsii Acacia melanoxylon Acacia nilotica Acacia penninervis Acacia pycnantha Acacia saligna 25-35% 20% 18-23%* 18% 30-45% 21. and as funerary symbolism signifying resurrection and immortality. Both people and elephants like an alcoholic beverage made from acacia fruit. Revised Standard Version) In Russia.
and Acacia omalophylla (Myall Wood. Acacia seyal is thought to be the Shittah-tree of the Bible. also Australian). its Acacia heterophylla Wood 6 . and takes a high polish.From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia Approximate wood densities of various acacia species Density Species Acacia acuminata Acacia amythethophylla Acacia catechu Acacia confusa Acacia erioloba Acacia galpinii Acacia goetzii Acacia karoo Acacia leucophloea Acacia mellifera subsp. some Acacia species (eg. Acacia koa from the Hawaiian Islands and Acacia heterophylla from Réunion island are both excellent timber trees. Acacia koa Wood Some Acacia species are valuable as timber. which supplied shittim-wood. According to the Book of Exodus. which attains a great size. are traditionally used locally as firewoods. 700 827-945 800 1170 705 655 760 1100 1170 800 880 690-750 1230 800 [kg/m³] 1040 1170 Heartwood Density [kg/m³] Acacia Sapwood Density [kg/m³] 1025 Wood wood is used for furniture. which yields a fragrant timber used for ornaments. adstringens Acacia nilotica subsp. mellifera Acacia nilotica Acacia nilotica subsp. this was used in the construction of the Ark of the Covenant. campylacantha Acacia sieberiana Black Wattle is grown in plantations in South Africa. The pods of Acacia nilotica (under the name of neb-neb). nilotica Acacia polyacantha subsp. and of other African species are also rich in tannin and used by tanners. Depending on abundance and regional culture. Acacia fumosa). Most Australian acacia species introduced to South Africa have become an enormous problem. such as Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood) from Australia. due to their naturally aggressive propagation.
C. stems and/or roots are sometimes made into a brew together with some MAOI-containing plant and consumed orally for healing. which.Concentration of Species There are over 1. The alkaloids found in Acacias include dimethyltryptamine (DMT). Some Acacia species containing cyanogens: • Acacia erioloba • Acacia cunninghamii • Acacia obtusifolia • Acacia sieberiana • Acacia sieberiana var. then they may be less toxic than otherwise. The reason for the tree’s fame is that it used to be the most isolated tree in the world. Famous acacia Perhaps the most famous acacia is the Arbre du Ténéré in Niger. It turns out that. See List of Acacia species for a more complete listing. If fresh plant material spontaneously produces 200 ppm or more HCN. Many of these compounds are psychoactive in humans.300 species of Acacia. The plant leaves. Egyptian mythology has associated the acacia tree with characteristics of the tree of life (see the article on the Myth of Osiris and Isis).5 μmol HCN per gram of fresh plant material. woodii Egyptian goddess Isis As mentioned previously. even those containing significant quantities of cyanic glycosides. if acacia "leaves" lack the specific glycoside-splitting enzyme. then it is potentially toxic.. approximately 400 km from 7 . List of acacia species having little or no alkaloids in the material sampled: 0% C Alkaloids [%] 0. the free encyclopedia • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia Acacia acinacea baileyana decurrens dealbata mearnsii drummondii elata falcata leprosa linearis melanoxylon pycnantha retinodes saligna stricta verticillata vestita Acacia In Indonesia (mainly in Sumatra) and in Malaysia (mainly in Sarawak) plantations of Acacia mangium are being established to supply pulpwood to the paper industry.. can release hydrogen cyanide (HCN) in the acacia "leaves. 5-methoxydimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) and Nmethyltryptamine (NMT). Acacias contain a number of organic compounds that defend them from pests and grazing animals." This sometimes results in the poisoning death of livestock.02%. This corresponds to about 7. ceremonial or religious uses. Phytochemistry of Acacia Alkaloids Cyanogenic glycosides Nineteen different species of Acacia in the Americas contain cyanogenic glycosides.From Wikipedia. if exposed to an enzyme which specifically splits glycosides.
Tetrahydroharman 8 . mainly consisting of tryptamine in leaf Acacia Acacia adunca β-methyl-phenethylamine. Significant amount of tryptamine in the seeds. in the leaf. Acacia aroma 5-MeO-DMT in stem bark Acacia auriculiformis 0. NMT and DMT in leaf (1.2 ppm) Acacia angustissima Tryptamine alkaloids. Not known if psychoactive per se.5% alkaloids.From Wikipedia.1-10. Ether extracts about 2-6% of the dried leaf mass.02% tryptamine and β-carbolines. Acacia aneura β-methyl-phenethylamine.4% in leaves Active principles in leaf Acacia alpina Ash used in Pituri. the free encyclopedia Acacias Known to Contain Psychoactive Alkaloids Acacia acuminata Up to 1. 2.
 DMT. some of tryptamine Nicotine Acacia concinna 9 . almost all N-methyl-tetrahydroharman. bark Acacia colei Acacia complanata DMT 0. the free encyclopedia Acacia baileyana Acacia beauverdiana Psychoactive Ash used in Pituri. bark Acacia catechu Tryptamines Acacia caven Acacia chundra DMT and other tryptamines in leaf. mescaline. amphetamines.From Wikipedia. nicotine Acacia Acacia berlandieri DMT and other tryptamines in leaf.3% alkaloids in leaf and stem. with traces of tetrahydroharman.
 Not known if psychoactive.  Also N.02% DMT in stem. in the leaf. but less than 0. Tryptamines Acacia cornigera Tryptamine.02% alkaloids Traces of 5-MeO-DMT in fruit.From Wikipedia. phenethylamine. stem & bark 0. Acacia farnesiana Acacia filiciana Added to Pulque. flower. Psychoactive. Phenethylamine in leaf and seeds Acacia cultriformis Acacia cuthbertsonii Acacia falcata Psychoactive Acacia delibrata Psychoactive Psychoactive.N-dimethyltryptamine N-oxide Acacia confusa β-methyl-phenethylamine Acacia constricta Acacia coriacea Ash used in Pituri. Amphetamines and mescaline also found in tree. the free encyclopedia Acacia DMT & NMT in leaf. in flowers other tryptamines. but not known if psychoactive Acacia floribunda Tryptamine. β-methyl-phenethylamine. Alkaloids are present in the bark and leaves. Ether extracts about 2-6% of the dried leaf mass. stem and seeds. phenethylamines 10 .04% NMT and 0.
 0. but not known if psychoactive. phenylethylamine in flowers. but not known if psychoactive. some in flowers. Acacia lingulata Used in Pituri. Histamine alkaloids. NMT Psychoactive Acacia karroo Acacia kempeana Acacia kettlewelliae Acacia laeta Used in Pituri. 0. 1. 11 .From Wikipedia.5-1.6% total Hordenine. 1. in the leaf 0. leaves.9% Nmethyl-2phenylethylamine found a different time. the free encyclopedia N-methyl-β-phenethylamine. hordenine at a ratio of 2:3 in dried leaves.2% DMT in plant. 92% consisting of phenylethylamine. DMT. phenethylamine Acacia Acacia greggii Acacia harpophylla Acacia holoserica Phenethylamine.88% alkaloids. 0.2% tryptamine in bark.2% in bark Psychoactive Acacia horrida Psychoactive Acacia implexa Acacia jurema DMT.
 but less than 0.From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia Acacia longifolia Acacia longifolia var. in the bark and leaf. bark Acacia Tryptamine 0. sophorae Acacia macradenia Tryptamine in leaves. both present in leaves Acacia maidenii Psychoactive Acacia mangium DMT.02% total alkaloids Acacia melanoxylon DMT. in the leaf Acacia nilotica 12 .6% NMT and DMT in about a 2:3 ratio in the stem bark. in the leaf Acacia mellifera DMT.
campylacantha Acacia prominens Acacia pruinocarpa Phenylethylamine.2% DMT in leaf. Ash used in Pituri. 0. Not known if psychoactive. but less than 0.5% to 2% DMT in fresh bark. DMT. phenethylamine. NMT. β-methyl-phenethylamine Ash used in Pituri.4-0. other tryptamines. the free encyclopedia Acacia nilotica Psychoactive. bark Acacia polyacantha Acacia Less than 0. NMT. 0.From Wikipedia. Acacia pycnantha 13 . 0.02% total alkaloids. DMT in the leaf subsp. DMT and other tryptamines in leaf. Less than 0. Not known if psychoactive. NMT Psychoactive 0. trace amounts Acacia podalyriaefolia DMT in leaf and other tryptamines in leaf.1% DMT in leaf.07% in branch tips. polyacantha bark ssp. adstringens Acacia obtusifolia Acacia oerfota Acacia penninervis Acacia Tryptamine. NMT Acacia phlebophylla Tryptamine in the leaf.3% DMT in leaf.5% in dried bark.
other tryptamines.1% DMT in leaf. NMT. the free encyclopedia Acacia DMT.From Wikipedia. amphetamines. Not known if psychoactive. DMT in plant. Acacia senegal 14 . Acacia salicina Acacia sassa Psychoactive β-methyl-phenethylamine. DMT in bark. nicotine and others  Acacia rigidula β-methyl-phenethylamine Acacia roemeriana Ash used in Pituri. NMT. NMT.02% total alkaloids found Acacia retinodes DMT. but less than 0. nicotine. Phenethylamine Amphetamines and mescaline also found. tryptamine. Acacia schaffneri Acacia schottii β-methyl-phenethylamine Less than 0. mescaline.
briata Australian Navlei. Identification gallery Flowers Acacia confusa Acacia constricta. and other tryptamines Acacia tortilis Acacia vestita Tryptamine.Acacia fimloba Sossus. but less than 0. USA Acacia covenyi Acacia dealbata Acacia aneura Acacia catechu Acacia baileyana Acacia berlandieri Acacia denticulosa Acacia drummodii Acacia erio. Ether extracts about 1-7% of the dried leaf mass.02% total alkaloids Acacia victoriae Tryptamines.From Wikipedia. The tree was knocked down by a truck driver in 1973.81% DMT in bark. in the leaf. Nevada. NMT. in the leaf and stem. MMT Acacia simplex Acacia taxensis β-methyl-phenethylamine DMT. in the leaf Acacia sieberiana DMT and NMT. Acacia seyal DMT. the free encyclopedia Acacia DMT. tional Namibia 15 . 5-MeO-alkyltryptamine any other tree. Las Vegas. stem and trunk bark. 0. in the leaf.
From Wikipedia. Canberra Acacia Acacia heterophylla Acacia longifolia Acacia melanoxylon Nazaré. in ic Gardens. India Acacia pennata at Ananthagiri Hills. District of Australia Andhra Pradesh. USA Acacia Acacia gregestrophiolata gii Bark Bark Acacia decurrens Acacia erioloba Acacia Acacia heterophylla pennata Bark trunk in Talakona forest. Chittoor Victoria. the free encyclopedia Botanic Gardens. Hawaii. in Rangareddy district of Andhra Pradesh. India.nata in gonophylla Talakona Geelong Botan. in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh. India. Turkey Acacia schinoides Australian National Botanic Gardens Acacia penAcacia tetra.forest. 16 . Bark Acacia aneura Bark Acacia auriculiformis Bark Acacia berlandieri Bark Acacia collinsii Bark Acacia dealbata Acacia confusa Bark. Portugal Acacia saligna Side.
India. in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh. India. in Rangareddy district of Andhra Pradesh. the free encyclopedia Acacia Foliage Acacia collinsii Acacia Foliage catechu Acacia concinna Foliage Acacia denticulosa Foliage Acacia Acacia karroo leprosa Acacia penFoliage Foliage nata in Talakona forest. Seed pods Acacia cyclops Acacia decurrens Acacia aneura Acacia confusa Acacia catechu Acacia constricta Acacia greggii Acacia longifolia Acacia mearnsii Acacia melanoxylon Acacia pycnantha Acacia rigidula Acacia tortuosa Acacia dealbata Thorns Acacia Acacia heterophylla melanoxylon Acacia cornigera Acacia horrida Acacia collinsii Seeds Acacia catechu Acacia Acacia baileyana berlandieri Acacia dealbata Acacia confusa Acacia constricta Acacia farnesiana 17 .From Wikipedia. Acacia pennata at Ananthagiri Hills.
farnesiana Acacia pennata in Talakona forest.com/nature/journal/ v430/n6996/abs/nature02703. (2009-04-24).com  ^ Naturheilpraxis Fachforum (German)  Easton’s Bible Dictionary: Bush  ^ Purdue University  ^ Google Books Select Extra-tropical Plants Readily Eligible for Industrial Culture Or Naturalization By Ferdinand von Mueller  ^ Plants for a Future Database  Maugh.com.  "Evolutionary change from induced to constitutive expression of an indirect plant resistance : Abstract : Nature". An Introduction to the Medical History of Ethiopia (Trenton: Red Sea Press.  ^ Shaman Australis  ^ Duboisia hopwoodii . "New species of tree identified in Ethiopia".uk.  World Wide Wattle  Excerpt from A Consumer’s Dictionary of Cosmetic Ingredients: Fifth Edition (Paperback) Amazon.latimes. Alkaloids of the Australian Legumuminosae -. Science Publishers.story. Retrieved on 2008-04-24.. Plant Systematics: An Integrated Approach.The Occurrence of Phenylethylame Derivatives in Acacia Species.com/ books?id=In_Lv8iMt24C. 1964. ISBN 1578083516. http://seggiano. Chem.html. 17.  ^ Chemistry of Acacias from South Texas  "Seggiano Honeys".com/stories/ 200712130315.II.  Aussie Fantom  ^ The timber properties of Acacia species and their uses  ^ FAO  Lycaeum  ^ Fitzgerald.google.S. 1990). in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh. 1918. 445.nature.H. Retrieved on 2008-04-20.nature. J . India.uk/products/10honey/ honey. Los Angeles Times. Acacia  Singh. www.html. Accessed 9/16/2008 18 .Central America Tree Acacia aneura Acacia berlandieri Acacia confusa Acacia constricta Acacia dealbata Acacia heterophylla Acacia koa Acacia leprosa Wood Acacia koa Acacia schaffneri Acacia heterophylla See also • List of Acacia species • Plant defense against herbivory • Psychedelic plants Notes  http://allafrica. www.402549. Retrieved on 2008-05-05. Gurcharan (2004). 97  An OCR’d version of the US Dispensatory by Remington and Wood.co. http://www. p. J.html.com/news/ nationworld/nation/la-scitree25-2009apr25. the free encyclopedia Acacia farnesiana var.From Wikipedia.    Richard Pankhurst.seggiano. Aust. http://books.co.Pituri Bush Solanaceae .0. http://www. T. pp. 160-2.
Quinn Magnetic Acacias" Resonance in Chemistry Volume 45.serendipity. M.org (Swedish)  English Title: Nutritive value assessment  Acacia kettlewelliae of the tropical shrub legume Acacia  Lycaeum Acacia longifolia angustissima: anti-nutritional compounds  extentech. 2004. No. John E. TiHKAL the Studies Continuation.. 1377. Gough. B. 1997. Long Pocket  Pflanzentabelle APB (German) Laboratories.bushfood. 1998. Australia.M. Vol. 941 Seiten. T..  Acacia Complanata Phytochemical • Shulgin. 7. John Wiley & Tryptamines. • A description of Acacia from Pomet’s 1709 Enzyklopädie der psychoaktiven reference book.  Maya Ethnobotanicals Seigler.abc.A. by mulga  ^ Index of Rätsch. 32.. Qld 4068. Ibrahim. Springer. the free encyclopedia Acacia  ^ Wattle Seed Workshop Proceedings 12  www.. with reference to Australian Sons. C. Goff. books?id=9fDv1RYqIRkC&dq=chemotaxonomie+der pp.com doi:10. AT • Dr.  ^ www. Ethnopharmakologie • www. Buchanan. pp. Pages359 .magiskamolekyler.  ^ Glasby. 49(5). C.bpi.net  Ask Dr. Ronald J. Personal  ^ wiki. Phytochem. ISBN 0850664233.bluelight.magiskamolekyler. 500. Carroll. J. The current Robert Hegnauer state of knowledge on Prosopis juliflora.au rigidula. John Stephen (1991). Anthony R. 1987).com/  Lycaeum (Acacia floribunda) books?id=te53VV5u8YMC&pg=RA1-PA2&ots=e5Swnj0FN9&dq=acacia+alkaloids&sig=ph1WfGlPnw  wiki. David • Wayne’s Word on "The Unforgettable Pass. Conlan. Duke’s Phytochemical and Verlag. Transform Press.361..ph March 2002. • The genus Acacia and Entheogenic Issue 4 . Robert (1994).org (Swedish) Authors: McSweeney. RIRDC  ^ Hegnauer. ISBN Ethnobotanical Databases 3855025703 at  • Flora identification tools from the State  Lycaeum Herbarium of South Australia  ^ Dr.google..sheetster.com und Anwendungen. 120 Meiers Road. L. B. Ltd.2307/3671484  ^ Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen By  FAO Kamal M. Shulgin Online: Acacias and Natural Amphetamine • Clement.google.. 499-503  ^ www.da.ru http://books.  Magiska Molekylers wiki Indooroopilly.com/ Secondary Metabolites. and related species. Project No WS012-06 Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen.  Lycaeum -.  Sacred Elixirs Toxic Amines and Alkaloids from Acacia  www.D. Author Affiliation: CSIRO  Hortipedia Livestock Industries. pp.serendipity. CRC Press. L. Canberra March 2003  Purdue University RIRDC Publication No 03/024. Alexander and Ann. Krause. Ebinger The  ^ Acacia (Polish) Southwestern Naturalist.  ^ www. Duke’s Phytochemical and • Tannins in Some Interrelated Wattles Ethnobotanical Databases General references External links 19 . Botanik.  Plants Containing DMT (German) Hegarty.From Wikipedia. S. Auflage. 2. 2005 (Vol.  Cyanogenic Glycosides in Ant-Acacias of 1/2) 175-190 Mexico and Central America David S. History of Druggs Pflanzen. Dictionary of Plants Containing http://books.net.com and in vitro digestibility. 121) (No.. Forbes. D.  Arbeitsstelle für praktische Biologie Document Title: Animal Feed Science (APB) and Technology. P.gov. Christian.Acacias and Entheogens ISBN 0-9630096-9-9  Lycaeum  SBEPL  NMR spectral assignments of a new chlorotryptamine alkaloid and its • World Wide Wattle analogues from Acacia confusa Malcolm • Acacia-world S.  Acacia obtusifolia Phytochemical Studies O. 4  Lycaeum (December 9. Palmer. ISBN 3764329793..A.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.