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Define what is Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration b. Differentiate Speed from Velocity c. Solve problems related to Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration II. Subject Matter Kinematics: Motion (Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration) Reference: Fourth Year Physics Textbook III. Anticipatory Set Ask the students if ever they see a moving car. Then ask what they observe while the car is moving. IV. Direct Instruction y Discuss Kinematics: Motion (Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration) y Solve each Problems y Let the students reflect on what they have learned. V. Guided Practice Lesson Proper 1. What is Motion? Motion is a change in position relative to a frame of reference. A continuous change of position with respect to a certain reference point. If a bicycle moves 30km in 2 hours. What is the average speed of the bicycle? 2. What is Speed? The distance traveled in a given amount of time. A scalar quantity that represents the rate of change of displacement. Units for Speed: y Meter per second (m/s) y Kilometers per hour (km/hr) Formula: S=d/t Where: S= Speed (average speed) d= distance travel t= elapsed time 3. What is Velocity? Velocity is speed in a given direction. y Velocities in the same direction combine by adding y Velocities in different direction combine by subtracting. Formula: V=d/t Where V= Velocity d= total displacement t= elapsed time I.

In ordinary conversations, Speed and Velocity are often used interchangeably. In Physics, however, there is a clear distinction between the two concepts. To differentiate speed from velocity considers the following situation A car from the garage is moving to the North along a straight high-way and stops after 1 hour for refueling at a gasoline station, 80km away from where it started. How will you describe the motion of the car? y The rate of motion of the car is 80km in one hour, northward. This statement can be expressed in a shorter way as 80km/hr, N. This represents the velocity of the car. The displacement of the car is 80km N (from the starting point to the gasoline station) and 1 hour is the elapsed time or the time it took the car to travel from the point of origin to where it stopped. The speed of the car is 80km/hr. Speed describes only the distance and time. No direction given. Example: A car travels a distance of 40km from Manila to a town in Laguna. What it is average speed (km/hr) if traveling time is from 7:00AM to 7:30AM? It s average velocity (km/hr)? Suppose that after a business talk with a friend, the driver of the car drives straight back to Manila from 11:55AM to 12:20PM. What was the cars average speed (km/hr) during the round trip? It s average velocity (km/hr) during the round trip. Given: D1= 40km (1st trip) Manila to Laguna D2= 40km (return trip) Laguna to Manila T1= 30min (1st trip) Manila to Laguna T2= 25min (return trip) Laguna to Manila Find: a. S (1st trip) in km/hr b. V (1st trip) in km/hr c. S (round trip) km/hr d. V (round trip) km/hr Solution: a. S=d/s 40km/30min =1.3km/min X 60min/hr =78km/hr b. V=d/t 40km/30min =1.3km/min X 60min/hr =78km/hr from Manila to Laguna c. Distance traveled during the round trip d1+d2: 40km+40km = 80km Elapsed time t1+t2: 30min+25min= 55min S=d/t 80km/55min =1.5km/min X 60min/hr =90km/hr

d. V=d/t D1+d2/t1+t2 =40km + (-40km)/30min+25min =0km/55min =0 The total displacement in d is equal to zero, because on the return trip, the direction of the displacement is opposite to that of the first. If a positive sign is given the direction of the displacement of the first trip, then on the return trip a negative sign is used. The zero displacement can also be explained by the fact that the starting and end points coincide. 4. What is Acceleration? A car seldom travels at constant velocity for long. Sometimes it speeds up or slows down. Acceleration is a vector quantity since it involves a change in velocity which is a vector. An increase or decrease in the magnitude of velocity is called acceleration, although the word Deceleration is sometimes used to indicate a decrease in magnitude of the velocity. The average acceleration of an object may be defined as: a=change in velocity/ elapsed time a

or

or

Where: a= Acceleration V or Vf = final velocity T0 = initial time from rest Tf or t = Final or elapsed time Units: m/s2 Example: A van accelerate from rest with a constant acceleration such that it reaches 50m mark with a speed of 16m/s. Find the acceleration. A cheetah can acquire a speed of 97.2kph from rest in 9s. Compute it s acceleration. a= =27m/s-0 / 9s =3m/s2 VI. Closure In the end of the discussion, recall Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration. Ask if they learned from the discussion. Recall formula used during discussion. VII. Assessment and Follow-up Give a 20 item quiz about Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration. Quiz with concepts and problem solving.

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