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Project termination before completion is a nightmare for a project manager.

The numbers of uncompleted projects nowadays are rising day by day. This may happened due to few factors such as natural disaster, running out of budget, lack of resources and also internal conflict of team members. The following are some determinants in determining a success project. INCREASED TEAM EFFICIENCY Project managers are very lucky if they have the option to choose their project team. Choosing his/her own project team may increase the team efficiency. Moreover, all members of the project team must be committed to the success of the project and the overall mission of the company. There are numbers of key factors in building an efficient project team such as proper communication, good leadership of the project manager as well as a conducive workplace or environment. The project team members should have clear communication channels to access both the functional manager and the project manager within a matrix organization. Effective management of this dual reporting is often a critical success factor for the project (PMBOK Guide, 2004, p215). It is clearly seen that the cooperation of both parties as well as their involvement plays an important role in determining a successful project. Better understanding among team members in handling a project will positively affect the progress of the current project. REDUCED CONFLICT One of the effective ways on how to reduce conflict in a project team is by having an appropriate communication among their members. Despite good project planning and scheduling, poor or absent communication with team members and stakeholders can bring a project undone. As a human being, every each of the project team members will be pleased with a proper communication. Furthermore, this may help a project manager to act wisely during critical moment along the project completion process. Besides that, project manager

should be able to act early to overcome any problem that might happen ahead. Measurement and review are important, but they are only effective if the project manager takes action on issues identified. Leaving problems to be fixed up later is a recipe for disaster. Simple issues should be addressed immediately. More complex issues should be added for action into the project plan and resources allocated to address them. The earlier the project manager overcome a problem is the lower the risk that might occur to the project. COMMON LANGUAGE AND PROCESS FOR ALL PROJECT PARTICIPANTS As mentioned above, project managers need excellent communication skills and a comprehensive scheme that encourages formal and informal discussion of expectations, innovation, progress and results. Same goes with all project team members in order to have a good team and a success project. During the process of project completion, both parties need to determine their own common language and process for all project participants especially for team members that made up from different background. In addition, practicing common working style surely may help building a good team and hence lead to a success project by the end of the day. Building an understanding project team may take some times. It will be worst for an unstable team to have different aims of each of the team members and may cause team conflict. TARGETED TECHNICAL SKILLS, PEOPLE SKILLS AND SOFTWARE SKILLS It is vital to have a good project team to work with, with core skills that can be evolved to core competences and capabilities for the whole organisation. First, the project manager itself is the person whom needs to have an array of skills under his arm to use during the project. Only then, he/she could have a highly skilled workforce to make up a project team. The targeted technical and software skilled person must be compatible for the particular project. The team consist of variety of skills and experience could smooth the project progress.

Collectively as a team, success is easy to achieve with proper guidance. By having enough team members, a project may run on time, while having highly skilled team members could make a project finish earlier is possible. ON TIME Before a project construction is started, the finish date has already been decided by the client. The project manager is the responsible person to make sure that the project is completed before the due date. Delayed project may cause the client unsatisfied and hence may affect the project manager reputation. The type of a project underlines some factors that are important to success. For example, if a project is urgent, the critical factor in that case is time. The Wembley stadium is expected to be fully operational due to Mays 2006 FA Cup Final and that is the primary target. However, the increase of cost that has thrown the managements calculations out of kilter (Evans, 2005) was not a big issue at that time. The size, value of a project and its uniqueness of activities can be a puzzle for the project manager who is used to planning and co-ordinating common and simple activities (Belassi & Tukel, 1996, p144). ON BUDGET Money is the most important thing in this modern world. Same goes with the project implementation. Save as much as cost possible is another key factor in having a success project. There are various factors that may affect a project budget. There are resources used, nature condition, accidents occurred, as well as the delay of a project. All of these factors need to be handled properly in order to make sure the project in carried out on budget allocated. Over budget may cause loss to the consultant since that they might need to pay for the loss with their own money. So, every task needs to be monitored properly until the project is complete.

ON SPECIFICATION What the client wants is the specification that a project team need to be fulfilled. Give what the client ask is the best verdict in handling a project. Customer satisfaction will determine a successful project. Going the extra mile is not restricted to only customer services; it's also a magic word for project management. A top most important factor for a project success criterion is to exceed customer's expectations by completing the project within the stated deadline, budget, and quality. However project manager needs to bear in mind that this could be misinterpreted and could lead to unnecessary cost. Ideas to make a better product than sticking to the original idea could be done with the approval of the customer. For this to be successful, proper implementation needs to be in place. CHANGES MINIMIZED A Good Plan may help project manager to minimize numbers of changes that might occur until the completion of a project. The Plan, Do, Check, Act cycle is fundamental to achieving project quality. The overall project plan should include a plan for how the project manager and team will maintain quality standards throughout the project's cycle. As we know, any changes during the implementation process of a project will delay the project progress and a good project manager should avoid this from happen on the project. Thus, the project team need to plays their own part in assuring every task given is completed properly at the same time minimizing error and changes. RESOURCES OPTIMIZED The criteria for a successful project are not restricted to only above. The uses of resources need to be optimized as it benefits the whole project completion process. Workforce, materials, equipment and machinery need to be handled wisely so that there will be sufficient

resources throughout the project progress. Negotiations, proper and conducive project plan to achieve common tasks, reviewing and doing a rework when needed, managing project risks efficiently and proper estimation of project in terms of not only quantitatively but also qualitatively is some of the steps to optimize the project resources.