You are on page 1of 35

Bahria University

Dept. of Management Sciences


Submitted By: Abdul Manan Abbasi Enrollment #: 01-220092-001 Class: MBA-5-Z

Dated: 5th Oct, 2011

Internship Report Table of contents Chapter One - Introduction 1.1 1.2 Central background information Company background


Chapter Two - Companys Analysis 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Operation analysis Financial analysis Human resources assessment Marketing analysis

Chapter Three - Environmental Analysis 3.1 Industry market analysis 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.2 Major product lines market segments Growth rate

Competitor analysis 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 Major competitors Their market shares Their goals Their strategies


Technology Analysis

Chapter Four - Work Contribution

Chapter Five - Identification of main problem

Chapter Six - Findings Chapter Seven Conclusion and recommendations

Appendix References Page 2 of 35

Internship Report


Executive summery
This report is made from the experience gained during my internship at United Nation Development Programme (CPR). This internship is required by Bahria University before completion of my MBA degree. It reviews the leadership, culture, strategy, structure, growth and organizational learning and provides a detailed analysis of the above in UNDP. The core areas that require development in Pakistan are discussed and contribution in the same, by UNDP is discussed. It also highlights the key findings of the work experience and identification of problem that encountered. Key aspects of management are described that helped to contribute in the interest of an organization to accomplish tasks more effectively and efficiently. Besides this analysis the report also gives recommendations for UNDP to work for goals shared by industry in a better way.

Page 3 of 35

Internship Report


1. Introduction
1.1. Central background information After the Second World War, welfare issues globally were the responsibility of the State. Citizens grew poor and poorer especially in the 3rd World Countries with alarming scarcity of goods and lack of sufficient provision of services. This led to the rise of NGOs to become partners in the Development work and at the same time NGOs are being accused of trying to `crowd out' government process. The inability of governments to deliver sufficiently the promised goods and services eroded their legitimacy. All research work done during that time period suggested that most governments in the south have failed to perform the traditional responsibilities. People started to loose faith in some of their governments policies aimed at improving welfare. Governments themselves began to doubt their own development strategies and thus realized the need for radical change involving private organizations voluntarily formed by the people themselves. NGOs therefore increasingly have to take on all development work and at the same time NGOs are being accused of trying to 'crowd out' government. United Nations Development Programme is not different from this concept and it is working voluntarily to help developing countries across the globe. 1.2. Company background The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UNs global development network. It is advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people living a better life. UNDP is on the ground in 166 countries, working with governments and people on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. Our wide range of partners can bring about results and the change that is required for the betterment of developing countries. UNDP brings people together within nations and around the world, encouraging partnerships and sharing ways to promote participation, accountability and effectiveness at all levels through its different programmes. UNDP is executing all its commitments by focusing on helping countries build and share solutions to the challenges of: Page 4 of 35

Internship Report Democratic Governance:


More countries than ever before are working to build democratic governance. Their challenge is to develop institutions and processes that are more responsive to the needs of ordinary citizens, including the poor, and that promote development. UNDP helps countries strengthen electoral and legislative systems, improve access to justice and public administration, and develop a greater capacity to deliver basic services to those most in need.

Poverty Reduction

Developing countries are working to create their own national poverty elimination strategies based on local needs and priorities. UNDP advocates for these nationally owned solutions and helps ensure their effectiveness. We sponsor innovative pilot projects, connect countries to global best practices and resources, promote the role of women in development and bring governments, civil society and outside funders together to coordinate their efforts.

Energy and Environment:

The poor are unreasonably affected by environmental dreadful conditions and lack of access to clean, affordable energy services. Energy and environmental issues are also global, as climate change, loss of biodiversity and ozone layer depletion cannot be addressed by countries acting alone. UNDP, through programmes such as the Equator Initiative, and the Global Environment Facilitya partnership with the UN Environment Programme and the World Bankhelps countries strengthen their capacity to address these challenges at the global, national and community levels, seeking out and sharing best practices, providing innovative policy advice and linking partners through pilot projects.

Crisis Prevention and Recovery:

Many countries are increasingly unprotected to aggressive conflicts or natural disasters that can erase decades of development and further entrench poverty and inequality. Through its global network, UNDP seeks out and shares innovative approaches to crisis prevention, early warning and conflict resolution. And because UNDP is on the ground in almost every developing country, wherever the next crisis

Page 5 of 35

Internship Report


occurs, we will be there to help bridge the gap between emergency relief and longterm development.


To prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and reduce its impact, developing countries need to mobilize all levels of government and civil society. As a trusted development partner, UNDP advocates for placing HIV/AIDS at the centre of national planning and budgets; helps build national capacity to manage initiatives that include people and institutions not usually involved with public health; and promotes decentralized responses that support community level action. Because HIV/AIDS is a worldwide problem, UNDP supports these national efforts by offering knowledge, resources and best practices from around the world.

UNDP IN PAKISTAN The UNDP is an important partner of the Government of Pakistan for achieving national development goals and international commitments including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). UNDP's works with the Government, civil society and development partners in four broad programmatic areas; Poverty Reduction and Gender, Democratic Governance, Environment and Climate Change and Crisis Prevention and Recovery. All these programmes have already been discussed above in general. In Pakistan UNDP is achieving commitments by opening up different offices across the Pakistan for respective programmes. I have worked with one of these programme offices as an intern. Crisis Prevention and Recovery programme offices, which is located in E-7 Street no 11, house no 124 Isb.

Page 6 of 35

Internship Report 2. Companys Analysis 2.1. Operation Analysis


The crisis prevention and recovery unit deals in implementation of programs and initiatives on disaster risk management. BCPR is responsible for maintaining peace and development by strengthening capacities of countries to prevent and recover from crisis and regenerating the well being of those affected by natural disaster and armed violence. CPR is guided by a concept of HOPE, which seeks to restore healthy societies after crisis, provide opportunities for the poorest and most vulnerable, protect communities from violence and empower women to contribute to their countrys recovery. UNDP has different themes it is working on. There are some goals defined by them. UNDP is working on many goals on the basis of programmatic themes like poverty reduction, governance and crisis prevention and recovery. Under all these themes they have set different goals for themselves. Millennium development goals are on their priority list Millennium Development Goals The United Nations Millennium Summit was held in New York in September 2000, In that meeting world leaders committed to strengthening global efforts for peace, democracy, good governance, and poverty eradication. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) emerged as a product of the road map that was developed to guide efforts towards universal human well-being. The MDGs address many of the most enduring failures of human development, placing human well-being and the eradication of extreme poverty at the centre of global development aims. The MDGs and the enjoyment of human rights are a mutually supportive agenda to eradicate poverty in all its dimensions. While the MDGs commit developing countries to taking action to reduce poverty and improve human and environmental outcomes, they also call upon developed countries to meet their commitments to the developing world. Developed countries have similar time-bound deadlines for fulfilling their pledges to increase development assistance, enhance debt relief measures, and expand market access by reducing trade tariffs and agricultural subsidies, as well as supporting technology transfers and capacity building. MDGs are the centerpiece of development efforts of the Government of Pakistan. The 18 global targets and 48 indicators adopted in 2000 have been translated into 16 Page 7 of 35

Internship Report


national targets and 37 indicators keeping in view Pakistans specific conditions, priorities, data availability and institutional capacity. Specifically, the MDGs have been incorporated into the Governments two important macroeconomic frameworks including the Medium Term Development Framework (MTDF), which covers a fiveyear period from 2005-2010 and the Governments key planning document on development. The other is the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) which is a framework for social and economic policies. To date, however, sufficient progress has only been made on about half of the targeted indicators while others lag behind. Millennium development goals of UNDP in Pakistan are as follows.254

MDG 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Proportion of the poor in 1990-91 was 26.1 percent and MDG target of halving the proportion means a target of 13 percent for 2015. However, poverty had risen to 34.4 percent in 2000-01 but has since declined to 23.7 percent due to high growth especially in the agriculture sector during 2004-05. The poverty reduction target of MTDF is 21 percent by 2010. The target can be realized provided the growth rate of 7.6 percent and the employment generation targets are met. As regards prevalence of underweight children less than 5 years of age there are no recent data and the progress of that indicator cannot be monitored

MDG 2 Achieve universal primary education Millennium Development Target for education is universal primary enrolment. The net primary enrolment in 1990-91 was 46 percent and it has increased to 52 percent by 2004-05. The MTDF target of 77 percent looks very ambitious and there is little possibility that the target would be met. Similarly 100% target of universal net primary enrolment by 2015 seems to be quite difficult. The target that survival ratio should rise from 50 to 100 percent is even more ambitious though the survival ratio has increased form 50 to 72 percent over 1990-91 to 2004-05. The literacy rate in 2004-05 has been 53 percent and the target of 77 percent by 2010 looks unachievable and so is the MDG target of 88 percent by 2015

Page 8 of 35

Internship Report


MDG 3 Promote gender equality and empower women Pakistan has defined four indicators for goal 3. The first indicator is Gender Parity Index (GPI) for primary, secondary and tertiary education. At primary level the index in 1990-91 was 0.73 which has increased to 0.85 by 2004-05 and the MTDF has a target of 0.94 so that the GPI at primary level is achieved by 2015. However, it seems less likely to achieve the target unless more efforts are made. At secondary level index in 2004-05 is 0.83 but the MTDF target is 0.90 and the target for 2015 is 0.94 and that seems more likely to be achieved. The second indicator is the GPI of one in literacy rate by 2015; in 2004-05 index was just 0.67, and MTDF target of 0.85 and therefore GPI of 1 by 2015 seems quite unrealistic. Third, the share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector which at present is around 10 percent and the MTDF target is 12 percent has been targeted to rise to 14 percent by 2015. It may be possible if the average targeted growth rate of GDP of 7.6 percent for the MTDF period is achieved. The fourth indicator is the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament and there has been significant improvement; from just 0.9 percent in the National Assembly and 1.0 percent in Senate, the female seats have gone up to 21 percent in National Assembly and 17 percent in Senate.

MDG 4 Reduce child mortality There are six indicators relating to goal 4. First indicator is the decline in under five mortality from 140 in 1990-91 to 52 by 2015. Over the 1990-91 to 2004-05 the child mortality has declined to 100, a decline of 40 percentage points. MTDF target is to reduce child mortality rate to 77 in 5 years and then a further reduction of 25 percentage points if the target for 2015 is to be met. Special efforts would be required to meet the target. Second, infant mortality rate of 102 in 1990-91 is to be reduced to 40 by 2015. Over the last 14 years the mortality has declined by 29 percentage point and the MTDF has a target of 65. There seems very little possibility of meeting the MDG. Third, proportion of fully immunized children of 12-23 month should exceed 90 percent by 2015. Since in 1990-91 the proportion was 75 percent the target looked within reach but by 2004-05 the proportion barely increased to 77. Why the progress has been so slow needs to be examined? Fourth, proportion of children immunized against measles in the age bracket of less than 1 year has to increase to more than 90 percent. There has been slippage in this target as well; proportion declined form 80 to Page 9 of 35

Internship Report


78 and the MTDF target is 90. There is a need to examine as to why there has been slow progress. Fifth indicator relates to the children suffering from diarrhea and the proportion fell from 26 in 1990-91 to 16 in 2004-05. Since the proportion has already declined form 26 to 16 percent the target is likely to be achieved. Sixth, Lady Health workers coverage is to be universal by 2015. In 2000-01 the coverage was 33.6 and it had reached to 80 percent by 2004-05. The target seems to be easily achievable.

MDG 5 Improve maternal health There are six indicators relating to goal 4. First indicator is the decline in under five mortality from 140 in 1990-91 to 52 by 2015. Over the 1990-91 to 2004-05 the child mortality has declined to 100, a decline of 40 percentage points. MTDF target is to reduce child mortality rate to 77 in 5 years and then a further reduction of 25 percentage points if the target for 2015 is to be met. Special efforts would be required to meet the target. Second, infant mortality rate of 102 in 1990-91 is to be reduced to 40 by 2015. Over the last 14 years the mortality has declined by 29 percentage point and the MTDF has a target of 65. There seems very little possibility of meeting the MDG. Third, proportion of fully immunized children of 12-23 month should exceed 90 percent by 2015. Since in 1990-91 the proportion was 75 percent the target looked within reach but by 2004-05 the proportion barely increased to 77. Why the progress has been so slow needs to be examined? Fourth, proportion of children immunized against measles in the age bracket of less than 1 year has to increase to more than 90 percent. There has been slippage in this target as well; proportion declined form 80 to 78 and the MTDF target is 90. There is a need to examine as to why there has been slow progress. Fifth indicator relates to the children suffering from diarrhea and the proportion fell from 26 in 1990-91 to 16 in 2004-05. Since the proportion has already declined form 26 to 16 percent the target is likely to be achieved. Sixth, Lady Health workers coverage is to be universal by 2015. In 2000-01 the coverage was 33.6 and it had reached to 80 percent by 2004-05. The target seems to be easily achievable

MDG 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases There are five indicators of goal 6. First indicator is the reduction in HIV prevalence among 15-24 year old pregnant women by one half. Since the incidence has been low and there are various programs to combat HIV the target is expected to be achieved. Second, HIV amongst the vulnerable groups is also to be met due to various programs Page 10 of 35

Internship Report


that have been launched by the government and civil society. Third, proportion suffering from malaria under high risk getting treatment to rise from 20 percent in 2001-02 to 75 percent. The proportion increased to 30 percent in 2004-05 and MTDF target is 50 percent and that can only be met through more concerted efforts. Fourth, incidence of tuberculosis to decline form 177 in 2000-01 to 45 per 100,000 in 2015. Since the incidence is still 160 the target seems to be far distant away. Fifth, proportion of TB cases detected and managed through DOTS strategy to rise form 25 percent in 2000-01 to 85 percent by 2015 and at present is 40 percent and only with concerted efforts it can be achieved.

MDG 7 Ensure environmental sustainability There are 8 targets for environmental sustainability. Forest cover has been targeted to increase form 4.8 percent in 1990-91 to 6.0 percent by 2015. Considering that there has been hardly any increase in the forest cover increasing from 4.8 to 4.9 over the 14 years period, it seems difficult to increase the proportion to 6.0 by 2015. Second, local area protected as percentage of total land area to rise from 9.1 to 12.0 percent over 1990-91 to 2004-05 period. Since by 2004-05 the proportion has increased to 11.5 percent the target is expected to be met. Third and fourth indicator relating to the use of energy per unit of GDP and number of vehicles running on CNG and Pakistan is on target. Fifth, Sulphur content to decline by one half but so far there has been no progress towards this direction. Sixth, proportion of safe water has been targeted to rise from 53 to 93 percent. However, the safe water has not been well defined and most of the drinking water in Pakistan cannot be classified as safe. The government through a program is to provide access to safe drinking water to every one in the next three years. Seventh, proportion of sanitation has been targeted to rise from 30 percent in 1990-91 to 90 percent by 2015. At present the ratio is 54 percent and MTDF target is 70 percent the target seems to be too ambitious. Eighth, the regularization of Katch Abadis to increase form 50 percent in 2001-02 to 95. At present 60 percent of these has been regularized.

MDG 8 Develop a global partnership for development The goal is to foster cooperation at the bilateral and multilateral level for realising the MDGs. The Official Development Assistance as per agreement was to rise to 0.7 percent of GDP but the developed economies are providing only 0.25 percent of GDP Page 11 of 35

Internship Report


and that may have been one of the factors behind slow progress towards MDGs, of the developing economies.

2.2. Financial Analysis The most crucial aspect of an NGO is arranging finances as it is not engaged in profit making activities. Same is the case with UNDP, but their donors and funders are making funds available for them all the time. Some of the major investors that come under CPR TTF are as follows. European Ec USAID JICA DIPECHO

The programmatic work of UNDP country offices in crisis prevention and recovery is supported by the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) through two main sources of funding. A portion (7.2 percent) of UNDP regular resources known as TRAC and voluntary contributions to the Thematic Trust Fund for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (CPR TTF). CPR TTF contributions are allocated to specific thematic areas or country programmes, or unallocated which enable UNDP to respond more flexibly and quickly to country crisis prevention and recovery needs. In 2010, resources from TRAC and the CPR TTF were disbursed in 103 countries. The largest thematic area was conflict prevention and recovery in terms of expenditures. Total amount gathered by UNDP (CPR) in financial year 2010 from donors was 105,082,698 US dollars. And total expenditure on CPR (including TTF AND TRAC) was 193,890,491.

Page 12 of 35

Internship Report


2.3. Human resource Assessment There were around 70 employees working in this office of crisis prevention and recovery unit. Basically the core HR department was not there in this office. The recruitment and selection of new employees is very rare in UNDP these days so the department has nothing much to do other than routine work.

2.4. Marketing Analysis I did not notice any marketing at CPR unit during my internship. When I asked this to my boss she said there is nothing for CPR to market on regular basis, their marketing includes awareness programs and all steps taken to cope with any disaster at the time of recovery and train volunteers of the effected areas by doing workshops there.

Page 13 of 35

Internship Report


3. Environmental analysis
3.1. Industry and market analysis 3.1.1. Major product lines UNDP is working in four thematic areas namely; A. Poverty reduction and gender B. Democratic governance C. Energy and environment. D. Crises prevention and recovery There exists a dedicated unit for each thematic area headed by the Unit Head

A. Poverty reduction and gender Poverty is very widespread issue across the globe in developing countries, there is a need to overcome this poverty level and bring every individual above the poverty line. UNDP Pakistan supports the Government of Pakistan in finding means to reduce poverty and promote human development for all segments of the society particularly the poor and marginalized women. It sponsors new pilot projects serves as a medium for linking global good practices and resources to the host country (Pakistan) promotes the role of women in development; provides poverty policy support, community driven local area development, advocates on the issue of HIV and AIDS and brings the Government of Pakistan, civil society and other development partners together for enhanced harmonization and coordination of their efforts. See appendix for details.

Page 14 of 35

Internship Report


Some of the steps undertaken for poverty reduction by UNDP in Pakistan are as follows. MDG-Driven Poverty Policy Package Strengthening PRS Monitoring Centre for Poverty Reduction and Social Policy Development (CPRSPD)

B. Democratic governance The link between human development and quality of governance is strong and well established and is at the core of development issues in Pakistan. This is reflected in the national strategies to attain MDGs through, Improved governance and consolidating devolution, both as a means of delivering better development results and ensuring social and economic justice. These considerations underpin UNDP Pakistan's efforts in supporting governance processes and institutions that would improve their response to the needs of Pakistani citizens. The governance interventions are aimed at making policy formulation and implementation more effective and participatory; enhancing the credibility and effectiveness of key governing institutions; and supporting initiatives for citizens involvement in decisions that affect their lives. In this context the governance programme is working with the Government of Pakistan and national partners in three core areas of intervention: (i) devolution support; (ii) strengthening governing institutions; and (iii) economic governance.

Pakistan has introduced a devolved system of governance that is aimed at improving the quality of and access to public services delivery at the local levels. UNDP Pakistan supports government institutions in policy formulation and implementation of devolution at the national, provincial and local levels.

Strong, credible and effective governing institutions that have the confidence of the citizens and the ability to deliver their mandate are the foundations of sound governance. UNDP Pakistan supports capacity strengthening of the key governing institutions such as Parliament and Election Commission of Pakistan and other public

Page 15 of 35

Internship Report


sector organizations and enables their engagement with other partners in civil society to improve the relevance and effectiveness of their mandate.Under the economic governance component, UNDP Pakistan is also involved in issues of public-private partnerships, advocating global compact, promoting corporate social responsibility, policy research on globalization and strengthening aid coordination. (See appendix for details) Following projects are undertaken by UNDP towards democratic governance. Support to Devolution Trust for Community Empowerment (DTCE) Assistance to Governance Reforms and Practices in Baluchistan (AGRP-B) Strengthening Democracy Through Parliamentary Development in Pakistan Strengthening Public Grievance Redress Mechanisms (SPGRM) Gender Based Governance Systems National Capacity Building Project for Programme Development (NATCAP) Pakistan National Human Development Report 2008-2009 titled Human Security in Pakistan C. Energy and environment. Pakistan faces many environmental challenges since the economy is dependent on its natural resources. These challenges are grouped in two broad categories with varying degrees of impact. The first, arises from a combination of poverty and population growth, leading to the over exploitation of natural resources, and the second, emanates from the largely unplanned increase in industrialization and urbanization, leading to the pollution of water, air and land. The poor are disproportionately affected by this environmental degradation and lack of access to clean, affordable energy services. In order to support the Government to meet these challenges, UNDP Pakistan works closely with the Ministry of Environment, Local Government and Rural Development to assist in implementing the national environment agenda. The programmes focuses, in an integrated way, on different aspects of the environment: natural resources

Page 16 of 35

Internship Report


management, multi-level capacity building for decision-making, mainstreaming environment into the development process, and advocacy. In 2008, UNDP initiated a number of projects to address Pakistans environmental issues. The Mass Awareness for Water Conservation and Development project addresses the issue of water shortages. The Renewable Energy Project aims at removing barriers to the adoption of renewable energy technologies, particularly in Pakistans remote areas. The National Capacity for Self Assessment for Global Environmental Management in Pakistan Project works with the government to identify national environmental priorities. It also identifies capacity building gaps to implement the three Rio Conventions bio-diversity (Convention on Biodiversity), land degradation (UN Convention to Combat Desertification) and climate change (UN Framework Convention Climate Change). Projects undertaken Institutional Strengthening for Implementation of Montreal Protocol Project (Phase V) National Environmental Information Management System (NEIMS) Mass Awareness for Water Conservation and Development (MAWCD) Protection and Management of Pakistan Wetlands Project Conservation of Habitats and Species Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation into Production Systems in the Juniper Forest Ecosystem Sustainable Land Management to Combat Desertification Sustainable Development of Utility-Scale Wind Power Production Project Promotion of Energy Efficient Cooking, Heating and Housing Technologies (PEECH) Productive Use of Renewable Energy Energy Efficient Low Cost Housing for Poor

D. Crises prevention and recovery Historically, disaster management in Pakistan revolved around floods, focusing on rescue and relief. After each disaster, the government incurs considerable expenditure Page 17 of 35

Internship Report


towards rescue, relief and rehabilitation in addition to the loss of development funding which is diverted to meet critical needs. Based on this, UNDP has been promoting two major changes since 2003 first the paradigm shift from a relief to a risk management approach to disaster management and secondly, the creation of an institution within the Government of Pakistan to establish a disaster risk management system at the federal, provincial and district levels. To achieve this, UNDP works in close collaboration with the National Disaster Management Authority which leads Pakistans efforts to build its disaster risk management capacity. Some of the major achievements in 2008 include assisting the National Disaster Management Authority in developing a training and curriculum for a course on effective disaster risk management. The training developed local institutional arrangements and capacities to reduce the risks of drought, and earthquakes in three high risk cities and two districts in Pakistan. In areas prone to flooding such as Badin, Thatta and Sialkot, UNDP helped develop a number of mitigation techniques including construction of emergency, shelters, first aid training and the plantation of the mangrove forests, a natural barrier against floods. UNDP also remained committed to helping rehabilitate life in the areas affected by the October 2005 earthquake. UNDPS Earthquake Recovery Programme (ERP) was actively involved in combating the ongoing issue of landslides Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and Pakistan Administered Kashmir (PAK) through implementing innovative and costeffective techniques of slope stabilization in local communities.

PROJECTS UNDERTAKEN Technical Assistance for Management of Earthquake Early Recovery (TAMEER) Environmental Recovery Programme for Earthquake-affected Areas One UN Disaster Risk Management Programme Earthquake Risk Reductions and Preparedness Programme Regional Climate Risk Reduction Project in the Himalayas Refugee Affected Areas Programme Sustainable Development through Peace building, Governance and Economic Recovery in Khyber Puhktumkhwa

Page 18 of 35

Internship Report 3.1.2. Growth rate for industry


UNDP is an NGO which is not working for profit motives; there is no regulatory body or authority in Pakistan who maintain record of NGOs spending, market share and growth etc. I have discussed this with some professionals from industry and they have suggested not going in details of industry analysis as there are no such details available, if any it is kept confidential. We can still say that there is immense need for NGOs in Pakistan as every year there are new disasters faced by our country and we need assistance from such organizations to cope with such unavoidable events. 3.2. Competitors analysis 3.2.1. Major competitors Competition is a contest between individuals, groups, animals, etc. for territory, a niche, or a location of resources. It arises whenever two or more parties strive for a goal which cannot be shared. The word competitor is not right in case of NGO as all players in the industry have shared goals and they all work for almost same cause. Some organizations that are in similar kind of operations are as follows. Ummah Welfare Trust Pakistan JICA DFID GIZ Pakistan met office United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia UNAIDS UNDP, Azad Kashmir UNESCO UNEP UNFIP UNHCR UNHRC UNICEF US aid The Asia Foundation The Carter Center (CBM International) Page 19 of 35

Internship Report The David and Lucile Packard Foundation The Energy Foundation (Pakistani Sustainable Energy Program) The Ford Foundation The Fred Hollows Foundation The Jane Goodall Institute (Roots & Shoots) The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation American Bar Association American Friends Service Committee (and many more)


3.2.2. Their market share Market share of other players is again un traceable thing. There is no concept of market share or competition. There are some big names that are contributing in major proportion. These NGOs are. JICA US aid UNDP GIZ DFID

3.2.3. Their Goals As I have already discussed in this report that all players in the industry have more or less same goals, some names that I have mentioned above who are major contributors in industry are working on same themes and some are also following millennium development goals. 3.2.4. Their strategies All these organizations have similar strategies based on active partnerships with the host country government and local private and non governmental organizations (NGOs). they identify needs and establishes a strategy for delivering assistance to the host country. The authority to design, procure and implement specific activities is largely delegated to the mission, in case of international NGO it is based on approval of the country strategy. Their assistance is delivered through a variety of contractors and grantees, including private businesses, local non governmental organizations (NGOs), private voluntary organizations and international agencies. Page 20 of 35

Internship Report


3.3. Technology analysis

3.3.1. Technical methods that affect the industry UNDP has used many techniques that helped industry and even other industries to get benefited but these techniques are not technology based. UNDP conducts its procurement activities with the highest degree of transparency in order to ensure that suppliers may compete fairly and equally for procurement business opportunities. The integrity of their procurement process stems from strict compliance with established UNDP global guidelines, which conform to internationally recognized procurement standards and best practices. These techniques help suppliers and other firms in adopting such a good system which has transparency in it. One of the problems that hinder the reduction of poverty in the developing world and the achievement of other Goals is the lack of adequate infrastructure services. Infrastructure affects economic development in various ways. It affects the production and consumption of firms and individuals by generating substantial positive and negative externalities. Because infrastructure services are intermediate inputs into production, their costs directly affect firms profitability and competitiveness. Infrastructure services also affect the productivity of other production factors so funding to infrastructure is also a step taken by UNDP that has affected industry positively. Small to medium size enterprises should be encouraged to take a leading role in exploiting new opportunities. There is a need to develop, apply, and emphasize the important role of engineering, technology, and small enterprise development in poverty reduction and in sustainable social and economic development. Initiatives are needed that build capacity, establish appropriate financial systems, increase public awareness, craft and implement policy, and ensure that engineering and technology are included in Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). Governments, universities, NGOs, and international agencies all need to play roles in developing and implementing strategy. UNDP is working on this and results will be seen in coming years. UNDP is planning to promote the use of science, technology, and innovation for development, countries need to adopt strategies for technological learning at the local, national, regional, and international levels. These strategies will involve continuous interactions between government, industry, academia, and civil societ.

Page 21 of 35

Internship Report 3.3.2. Innovation


Technological innovation is not the only source of economic transformation, but its importance will increase over time. UNDP has introduced innovation in its goals, themes and ways to achieve them. They have brought innovation in techniques to achieve their goals.

Page 22 of 35

Internship Report


4. Brief on Department worked during internship and specific contributions made During my internship I have worked in one department but I was betrothed with multiple tasks. I was there for around six weeks and I worked with the project manager of Climate risk management (CRM). CRM is one of the core projects that were focused by the project manager under whom I was working. She assigned me many tasks during my internship and I took them all as my responsibility and gave my best for all to be accomplished. Some of the responsibilities that were assigned to me are as follows. Report writing Organizing trainings Organizing workshops Coordinating Answering phone calls in absence of boss Logistics (Only once when I had to arrange all stationary and handbooks for workshop)

Page 23 of 35

Internship Report 5. Identification of a main problem


There are always good aspects as well as bad facet of an organization. Being an intern in such a reputed NGO was an honour for me and I have learned a lot during the period of my internship. There were many problems faced at the workplace first and foremost important problem was that there were very less learning opportunities or I can put it another way as no set of rules for regular employees to train and guide interns to make their internship a meaningful exercise before entering a competitive market. I used to jump into the discussions and asked as many queries as I could during internship to learn. Another problem was no financial assistance for interns; UNDP is such a big name with very high spending towards development. They can easily pay some amount of money to motivate and help interns to meet their expense or part of it. Whenever a student is forced to do internship by the university there is some motive behind this. When a student is in final semester, he is about to leave university and enter a competitive market. Just before he professionally enters a market, internship gives a slice of experience to student that how employees are supposed to perform i.e. how to dress up, how to communicate and punctuality etc. One bad thing about UNDP (for interns only) was absence of formalization and tight culture. In absence of formalized culture nobody was forced to dress up formally there was no issues regarding timing. All that UNDP requires from employees is output/results/work. These things were not so good for my learning experience as I did not have to take care of timing, dressing and other formal things that are normally required in organizations.

Page 24 of 35

Internship Report 6. Findings


UNDP is doing well towards development of Pakistan. UNDPs focus in crisis prevention is designed to help national and local players in addressing new tensions that are emerging themselves, and to acquire more capabilities for managing frequent conflicts such as those around land, natural resources, and governance. (See appendix) The figure clearly explains that how UNDP is brining transparency in elections, funding for trainings and developments, engaging media and introducing collaborative leadership. During or after a crisis, national governments often do not have the capacities to protect citizens from impunity and respond to their justice and security needs, UNDP ensures these needs of people who are affected by any kind of disaster or crisis.

Page 25 of 35

Internship Report 7. Conclusion and Recommendation Conclusion


In a nut shell we can say that UNDP is working in the best interest of Pakistan. UNDP is working with the World Bank, European Commission, JICA, Pakistan met office, GIZ, DFID, US aid and many other international NGOs to assist governments develop the institutional agreements on the formulation of Post Disaster Needs Assessments. It is also working on building upon CPR leadership role in the Cluster Working Group on Early Recovery to promote the activation of early recovery coordination mechanisms in Pakistan. These achievements have been possible with the dedicated, specialized capacity that BCPR brings to UNDP. In response to the Strategic Review, as BCPRs new structure, capacities and systems continue to take shape throughout 2011, operations will become increasingly strategic and results oriented. Targeted Crisis Prevention and Recovery support will better align with ongoing UNDP and UN development actions in response to national priorities. Increasing the capacity of BCPR Technical Teams in New York will help ensure coherence within UNDP and the UN on policy and programming. Working more closely with UNDPs regional and substantive bureaus will also ensure much more efficient and strategic alignment of Crisis Prevention and Recovery inputs into country programmes and links to longer term development policy.

Recommendations In future there is a gap in below mentioned areas where UNDP can work and improve the current condition. Strengthening coordination Implementing access and benefit sharing Ensuring sustainable energy management Maintaining a sustainable water supply and equitable resource allocation Reducing water and air pollution

Page 26 of 35

Internship Report Appendix


Pakistan: Key Statistics

Official name Capital Area (Thousands of km2)

Islamic Republic of Pakistan Islamabad 796

Total population Population growth rate Life expectancy for males Life expectancy for females

166.9 million 2.05 % 63.6 years 65.4 years

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)growth

4.10 %

Agriculture Growth Manufacturing Posted Growth Total revenues collected

2.0 % 5.20 % Rs 1470.5 billion

Gross National Income (GNI)per capita


* Source: Economic Survey 2009-2010

Page 27 of 35

Internship Report


Page 28 of 35

Internship Report


Page 29 of 35

Internship Report


Poverty Reduction

Human Development Index(HDI) HDI Rank Total Population Population Growth Rate

0.49 125 166.5 Million 2.10 %

Percentage of People living below Poverty Line i.e. Rs. 944.47 (USD $16 approx) per adult equivalent 22.59 % per month.

Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)

0.386 (99th Rank out of 109 Countries)

GDI as % of HDI Average Life Expectancy at Birth Pro-Poor Expenditures as % of GDP

93.0 % 67.2 years 5.46

Current Status of MDG 2015 Goals on Poverty Reduction &B Gender Equality

Govt of Pakistan is likely to achieve these targets in time.

* Data sources include Economic Survey of Pakistan 2009-2010, & Global HDR Report 2010 available at

Page 30 of 35

Internship Report


Democratic Governance Parliamentary Demographics Reserved Seats for NonMuslim Women on General Seats Women on Reserved Seats Male Members on General Seats Total MNAs Female Senators Male Senators Total No of Senators Voters Turn out in 2008 elections Women Councilors in Pakistan Number of women councilors-District Level Women Councilors trained Women Councilors Elected (Zila) 27,703 21,924 24,000 (excluding vacant seats) (before the By Election results) (reserved seats) (all males) 10 16 60 256 342 17 83 100 49.34%

* Source: Local Government Data, Support to Devolution Trust for Community Empowerment (DTCE), The Parliament of Pakistan

Page 31 of 35

Internship Report


Environment & Energy Pakistans share in total global emissions (%) Per Capita CO2 Emissions Cost of Environmental neglect &


1.9 Tonnes

degradation to Pakistans Economy Forest Cover -% of total land area Protected Area for Wildlife conservation (% of total land area) Per Capita water availability

Rs. 365 billion



1090 cubic meters In 2007, Pakistan became the largest

Largest User of CNG in Asia

user of CNG in Asia

Current Status of MDG 2015 Goals on Govt of Pakistan is likely to meet these Environment targets in time.

* Data sources include Economic Survey of Pakistan 2009-2010 & Global HDR Report 2010 (available at

Page 32 of 35

Internship Report


Crisis Prevention & Recovery July-August 2010 Flood Statistics Official Casualties Seriously Injured Area Affected 1985 2946 43,054 sq. km. Pop. Affected Homes Damaged or Destroyed Pop. Est. to be in Camps through Winter 1,985 2,946 43,054 sq. km. Over 18 million people (500,000 families) 1744471 170000

Official Casualties: Seriously Injured Area Affected

Data source: Humanitarian Response Pakistan ( , UN Thematic Working Group on Disaster Risk Management, & National Disaster Risk Earthquakes 1945 1976 2005 Droughts Land classified as arid Annual rainfall Material loss Landslides Areas Affected % Forest Cover shrinking Tsunamis November 1945 Magnitude of earthquake preceding Tsunami Fatalities Cyclones/ Windstorms Number of recorded cyclones (1971-2001) Fatalities Material Loss (1926-2006) Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) Number of glacial lakes in Indus Basin Potentially Dangerous glacial lakes 2420 52 14 10,609 USD 4 million Makran Coast 8.3 on Richter scale 4000 KPK & PAK 3.1% (7000-9000 ha taken away annually) 60 % Less than 200 mm USD 247 million(19262006) Makran coast Northern Areas Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) & Pakistan Administered Kashmir (PAK) Floods Fatalities Material Loss (1926-2006) 14,082 USD 2.5 billion, (USD 6 billion by some estimates)

* Data source: UN Thematic Working Group on Disaster Risk Management, & National Disaster Risk Management for Pakistan & ERRA-UN Early Recovery Plan (May2006)

Page 33 of 35

Internship Report


Page 34 of 35

Internship Report References: Annual report of UNDP


Page 35 of 35