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In earlier lectures….

Find the response of an LTI system by expressing the

excitation as a linear combination of impulses and expressing the response as a linear combination of

impulse responses.

We called that technique convolution.

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Sinusoidal Signal

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Representing Real Signals using Complex Phasors

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1. Simplifies mathematical derivations and

analyses.

2. Addition of signals is easy

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Fourier series/Transform

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Time property of signal and its

Fourier representations

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Fourier series

Fourier Series is an alternate method of signal

representation. Signal is represented as a function of frequency.

Every Periodic Signal (real world signal) can

be

coefficients.

expressed

in

terms of its Fourier

If the Fourier coefficients are known it is

possible to synthesize the periodic signal

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Periodic Signal

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Fourier series representation

Trigonometric Form

Exponential Form

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Trigonometric Form

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Compact Trigonometric Form

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Example

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Example 2

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Exponential Form

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Example

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Periodic symmetries & Fourier

coefficients

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Fourier coefficients

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Line Spectrum

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2-Sided Line Spectrum

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Power Spectrum of a periodic

signal

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Bandwidth of the signal

It is the difference between the highest and lowest

frequencies of the spectral component of a signal.

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Determination of fundamental

frequency and period

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Summary o Fourier Series

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Fourier Transform

Transforms a signal (i.e., function) from the spatial

domain to the frequency domain. If the signal is aperiodic signal, Fourier Transform is used.

An aperiodic function is a function that never repeats itself

Never Repeating itself is equivalent to Repeating at Infinity.

=> Aperiodic Function spans a Continuum of Frequencies of

the Fourier Series Envelope

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Why is FT Useful?

Easier to remove undesirable frequencies.

Faster perform certain operations in the frequency domain

than in the spatial domain.

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BITS Pilani, K K Birla Goa Campus

In Fourier series,

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Examples

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Dirichlet’s conditions

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Fourier Transform of basic

functions

Impulse function

----- Fourier Transform

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Inverse Fourier Transform

The Fourier transform and its inverse are referred

to as a Fourier transform pair

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Inverse Fourier tranform of

Impulse function

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Response of the system

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Properties of Fourier Transform

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