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Concentrating Solar Power Technologies and Innovations

PSA

Flix M. Tllez
High Solar Concentration Technologies CIEMAT-PSA Madrid, Spain

SEGS

PSA CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006 Slide 1

Towards Sustainable Energy Systems?

Speeches 1 & 2 of 4:

1) Solar thermal Power Plants. On the verge to Commercialization


(To introduce the technology, the survey the context, the potential, the glabal and Mediterranean market, oportunities, ...)

2) Concentrating Solar Power Technologies and Innovations


(To introduce the technological options, the status of the technologies, the roadmap for cost reduction and innovations, )
CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006 Slide 2

Solar thermal Power Plants. On the verge to Commercialization

Outline Components basis


Concentrators Receivers solarization of cycles

Power plants
Actual projects Innovations

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 3

Why Concentration?

4 4 (Tabs Tamb) rec = * * Conc*

Qgain A

4 4 = * Conc * * * (Tabs Tamb );

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 4

Why Concentration?

Thus, given:

And estimation of the maximum Technical efficiency

Central Receiver (C~500-1000)

The nominal concentration on receiver, and The technical cycle Parabolic Troughs (C ~50)

We could choose an optimal working temperature


CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006 Slide 5

What is Concentration?

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 6

Concentration has a limit

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 7

Concentrators:

With paarbolic concentrator (3D): Cmax ~46000/4 =11500 (2D): Cmax ~ 215/2 = 110

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 8

Loss of Concentration ratio

Spherical curvature, no waviness

2 2 2 2 D = S + sp + c

Variability of Focal Image

Spherical curvature, with waviness

Summer solstice, 7:30 a.m.

Summer Solstice, solar noon Summer Solstice, 7:30 p.m.

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 9

Other Concentrators:

Solar TWO CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006 Slide 10

Concentration realistic limit:


Conc. limit may be higher with different media: Real concentration systems include imperfections, errors, etc.:

Cmx3 D

n2 = 2 2 n sen S

Two-stage Concentration

DISH

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 11

Concentrators Development Central Receiver


ASM-150

l l

Heliostat performance is excellent and wellestablished Reducing costs of early builds is needed. Reduction of installation and maintenance costs eing tested in PS-10 Actual sizes ~120 m2 Actual costs ~240 /m2 (installed)

GM-100

ATS-150 SAIC-170

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 12

Concentrators Development Parabolic troughs

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 13

Concentrators Development Parabolic Dishes

WGAssociates ADDS System 9 kW Remote 10 kW Grid-Tie

Stirling Energy Systems 25 kW Grid-Tie

SAIC/STM SunDish System 22 kW Hybrid Grid-Tie

EURODISH
CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

DISTAL
Slide 14

Receivers

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 15

Receivers

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 16

Receiver choice

2000
Future Developments

Temperature (C)

1500
Volu mtric Tube cavity Includes Stirling

1000

Tube external

500
Tubo (Parab. Trough)

0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Pressure (bar)

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 17

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 18

Solarising Bryton cycles

E.g.:Projects:REFOS/SOLGATE/SOLHYCO:

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 19

Example of pressurized air technology Proj.: REFOS,SOLGATE,HST,SOLHYCO


Unidad Solar
Receptor

Planta de Ciclo Combinado Gas

Campo de Heliostatos

Turbina de Gas

Ciclo de Vapor

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 20

Project SOLGATE

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 21

Solarization of an Allison C-20 turbine


power turbine wheels exhaust duct compressor

combustor

gasifier turbine wheels

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 22

Solgate test and Evaluation (2002)

Utilization of solar flux measurements: For qualitative diagnostic For estimation of the steady-state thermal efficiency of receiver modules and receiver cluster. Solar fraction (upto 70%)
Figure 40. Figure 41

GT Efficiency ( ~18%)
3

Total Electricity 4 (~190 kWe)


5

Solar Electricity Figure 42 (~ 130 kWe)

Solar Flux at 13.745 hours CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006 Slide 23

Combined Cycles

Challenge: Materials for high temperature (& at acceptable costs)

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 24

International SPP Projects are seeking Support from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) in the framework of Operational Program No.7
Fuel

90 + X MWel Steam Turbine

Forced draught fan

X MWel Supplementary Firing

200MW Gas Turbine

Solar Field for High Pressure Steam

Fuel

The ISCCS Concept


CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Solar Field for Low Pressure Steam


Slide 25

Integrated Solar /Combined Cycle System (ISCCS) concept

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 26

Fuel cost

LEC Solar and Fossil in EURO/kWh


0.12 0.10

Subsidies

O+M Cost Conventional part

GEF / PF Sub 0.08 Average Solar-Fsil without GEF subsidy sidy

Coste capital Campo solar

0.06 0.04
IOnvestment Parte convencional

Average Solar-Fsil with GEF subsidy Inves tment

Fuel
Cost O+M Power Block Investment Power Block

Solar Field CS O+M O+M Solar Field

0.02 0.00

1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 5000 h Fossil


CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

1000 h Solar
Slide 27

Update of STPP initiatives


Solar Millennium FICHTNER KfW ENEA Solel NIROO RSCPL

KJC BECHTEL BOEING CFE

World Bank DukeSolar

EHN ABENGOA Ghersa ONE

EEA/NREA

CEPEL ESKOM
LOCATION Cycle Solar Technology LOCATION Cycle Solar Technology Egypt Combined Cycle Trough Egypt Combined Cycle Trough India Combined Cycle Trough India Combined Cycle Trough Mexico Combined Cycle Investors Choice Mexico Combined Cycle Investors Choice Australia Combined Cycle CFLR Australia Combined Cycle CFLR South Africa Steam Cycle Tower South Africa Steam Cycle Tower USA Steam Cycle Trough USA Steam Cycle Trough Israel Steam Cycle Trough Israel Steam Cycle Trough Spain Steam Cycle Trough (Andasol) Spain Steam Cycle Trough (Andasol) Spain Steam Cycle Tower (PS10) Spain Steam Cycle Tower (PS10) Spain Steam Cycle Tower (Solar Tres) Spain Steam Cycle Tower (Solar Tres) Italy Steam Cycle Trough (Molten salt) Italy Steam Cycle Trough (Molten salt) CERNArgeliaTraining. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Acad. .. Argelia .. Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006 Marruecos .. Marruecos .. Solar Cap. MW Solar Cap. MW 35 35 35 35 >25 >25 25 25 100 100 50 50 100 100 50 50 10-11 10-11 15-17 15-17 40 40
SOLAR HEAT&POWER

Aperture [m] Aperture [m] 200000 200000 200000 200000 200000 200000 120000 120000 ? ? ? ? 500000 500000 549360 549360 88290 88290 240000 240000 451215 451215 Slide 28

Solarising Rankine cycles with Parabolic trough technology


Steam at 104 bar/371 C Oil at 390 C

DSG Plant Super-heater

Steam turbine

104 bar, 370 C


Oil circuit Condenser Steam generator Steam turbine

Solar Field

Auxiliary heater eld Deaerator r fi Auxiliar heater la o S Re-heater Oil at 295 C Oil expansion vessel Condenser

SEGS experience: SEGS systems continue to set records for improved solar performance and 110 C O&M costs have decreased 30% with 15 years of experience and development. DISS project: Direct Steam Generation demonstrated at a 1.8 MW test facility with more than 4000 hours at 400C, 100 bar and 1kg/s. The expected benefit is a 26% reduction in the electricity cost. EUROTROUGH: European project to develop an economical design of parabolic trough collector for electricity production and industrial process heat.
CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006 Slide 29

SEGS Plant Deaerator

Update of STPP projects under development

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 30

Initiatives of STPP in Spain

EuroSEGS

Solar Tres

AndaSol PS10

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 31

The first initiatives

PS10: This 10-MWe solar-only power tower plant project Planta Solar 10 at Sanlcar near Sevilla is promoted by Solucar S.A., part of the Spanish Abengoa Group. It features application of Phoebus volumetric air receiver/energy storage technology. Solar Tres: The 15-MWe solar-only power tower plant project at Cordoba is promoted by the Spanish Ghersa and Boeing with application of US molten-salt technologies for receiver and energy storage. Ghersa and Boeing have formed a company in Spain called Solar Tres to finance and build a fully commercial 15 MWe solar power tower plant that can deliver this power around the clock thanks to 16-hour thermal storage EuroSEGS: The 15-MWe solar trough power plant at Montes de Cierzo near Pamplona is promoted by the Spanish EHN group in cooperation with DukeSolar, making use of improved LS-2 technology and Duke parabolic troughs. AndaSol: This 50-MWe solar trough power plant near Guadix (Granada) will have a 549,000 m EUROtrough solar collector field and a 9-hour thermal storage. It is promoted by Milenio Solar S.A.
CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 32

STPP initiatives for Spain

Project Name IPP EPC Location Technology Solar field size Storage Capacity h (Full load hours) Annual DNI Turbine rating (gross) Annual Capacity Factor Annual solar electricity output (net) Investment Cost kWh/m 2 MW % GWh Mio m2

PS-10 SANLUCAR SOLAR SOLUCAR Seville Province Open Air Tower 89,271 1 2,000 11 22 19.2

Solar Tres SOLAR TRES GHERSA Cordoba Province Molten Salt Tower 263,600 16 2,000 15 63 84

AndaSol MILENIO SOLAR Solar Millennium Granada Province EuroTrough 549,360 9 2,000 50 41 181.7

EuroSegs EHN EHN Navarra Province LS-2 and DS-1 Troughs 95,880 0 1,700 15 15 20

36

100

240

45

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 33

Cost reduction potential of CSP

European Concentrated Solar Thermal Road-Mapping

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 34

Systems under investigation (ECOSTAR Roadmap)


Reference Systems Reference Systems
Parabolic trough plant with HTF Fluid and molten Parabolic trough plant with HTF Fluid and molten salt storage salt storage

Reference Systems Reference Systems


CRS with molten salt receiver and storage CRS with molten salt receiver and storage

Reference Systems Reference Systems


CRS with saturated steam receiver and rankine CRS with saturated steam receiver and rankine cycle

Hot Salt Storage Tank Hot Salt Storage Tank

o 565 C o 565 C

Cold Salt Storage Tank Cold Salt Storage Tank

290 o C 290 o C

Steam Generator Steam Generator Conventional EPGS Conventional EPGS

ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy

ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy

ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy

Reference Systems Reference Systems


Parabolic trough plant with DSG (INDITP) Parabolic trough plant with DSG (INDITP)
P = 65 bar T = 400C P = 65 bar qm = 26000 kg/h T = 400C qm = 26000 kg/h

Reference Systems Reference Systems


CRS with air volumetric receiver and rankine cycle CRS with air volumetric receiver and rankine cycle
Receiver Hot Air 680C Hot Air 680C Steam Generator Steam Generator

Reference Systems Reference Systems


CRS solar hybrid gas turbine system CRS solar hybrid gas turbine system

Steam Turbine Steam Turbine

Generator Generator

Receiver

Solar Field Solar Field

HP HP
P = 5,6 bar T = 172 C P = 5,6 bar qm = 26000 kg/h T = 172 C qm = 26000 kg/h P = 2,44 bar T = 127 C P = 2,44 bar qm = 2000 kg/h T = 127 C qm = 2000 kg/h

LP LP
Condenser Condenser

G G
P = 0,1 bar T = 46 C P = 0,1 bar qm = 24000 kg/h T = 46 C qm = 24000 kg/h

Thermal Storage Thermal Storage

~
Steam 65 bar, 460C Steam 65 bar, 460C

P = 85 bar T = 126 C P = 85 bar qm = 26000 kg/h T = 126 C qm = 26000 kg/h

Degasifier + feedwater Degasifier + tank feedwater tank

Cooling tower Cooling tower

Heliostat Field Heliostat Field

Blower Blower

Cold Air Cold110C Air 110C

Blower Blower

Power Block Power Block

ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy

ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy

ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy ECOSTAR: Overview & Methodolgy

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 35

Methodology Approach

Common Parameters
Weather & insolation data Load curve definition Input from Industry Common technical parameters Common economic parameters

Specific System Parameters


System performance at design conditions Innovations

Annual system performance Specific system component costs Input from Industry

LEC

+ Sensitivity + Risk

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 36

Plant scheme

565 o C
Hot Salt Storage Tank Cold Salt Storage Tank

290 o C

Steam Generator

Conventional EPGS

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 37

Photo or artists view of the plant and main components

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 38

State of the art


The largest demonstration of a molten salt power tower was the Solar Two project - a 10 MW power tower located near Barstow, CA. The plant began operating in June 1996. The project successfully demonstrated the potential of nitrate salt technology. Some of the key results were: the receiver efficiency was measured to be 88%, the thermal storage system had a measured round-trip efficiency of greater than 97%, the gross Rankine-turbine cycle efficiency was 34%, all of which matched performance projections.

The overall peak-conversion efficiency of the plant was measured to 13.5%. The plant successfully demonstrated its ability to dispatch electricity independent of collection. On one occasion, the plant operated around-the-clock for 154 hours straight. the project identified several areas to simplify the technology and to improve its reliability. On April 8, 1999, this demonstration project completed its test and evaluations and was shut down.
CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Radiacin solar

Radiacin solar Energa almacn

Potencia Salida
medianoche medioda medianoche medioda medianoche

Slide 39

Solar Two Solar TRES

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 40

Solar Two: Tube receiver with molten salt

42 MW thermal 6,2m high y 5,1m diameter 768 tubes of 2-cm diam. 88% max. thermal eficiency (86% with wind)

Some innovations patented

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 41

Solar Two: Heat storage


- 2 tanques de 12m dimetro y 8m altura - Capacidad 3 horas, 1.400 Tm de sal
C O N C E N T R A T I N G s S O L A Rs P O W E R

SunsLab

To/from Storage
- 97% Measured efficiency in heat storage - 1 week continuous electricity production (dispatch)
0 6 12 18 24

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 42

Volumespecific energy content (kWh/m3)

10000

100

10

100000

1000

0.1

Bituminous coal Fuel Oil, Gasoline Liquid Natural Gas Methanol Liquid Hydrogen 2380 4300 CHEMICAL 5800 9000 - 11000

12000

Natural Gas Hydrogen (100 bar) 300

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006
1000 Batteries 50 - 100 Molten Salts MgO Bricks Steam (100 bar) Glaubers Salt Water 500 - 700 300 100 120 100 MECHANICAL 35 THERMAL Rotating Wheels Pr. Air (100 bar) 10

Capacidad de almacenamiento trmico

60

Slide 43

0.8

Pumped Storage (300 m)

Solar TRES Project

17-MW (bruto) 84 GWh Gross annual productio (electricity) 40 MWt steam generator 120-MWt gains in receiver (8,4x10,5 m) 263.600 m2 aperture solar field 140 m height 16-hours storage (6.250 tons of salt) 3 solar multiple media 63% capacity factor noche Dispach 24 h per day (summer)

Radiacin solar

Radiacin solar

121 m 0
Energa almacn

Potencia

medioda

0 120 Salida m
medianoche medioda medianoche

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 44

Solar Two ---> Solar Tres

Solar Two Goal Mirror Reflectivity Field efficiency Field availability Mirror cleanliness Receiver Storage Overall Solar Collection Power Generation Parasitics Overall Daily Efficiency 90% 69% 98% 95% 87% 99% 50% 34% 88% 15%

Actual 7/4/98 90% 61% 94% 95% 88% 99% 43% 34% 87% 13%

CommercialP PlanPlant 94% 74% 99% 95% 87% >99% 57% 43% 93% 23%

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 45

Solar Tres ---> Solar 100


100 MW project in SA

Feasibility study promoted by Eskom and completed in January 2003. 100-MW Molten salt type CRS plant. Heliostat and conceptual design have been done with Nexant. The site is near Uppington (South Africas Northern Cape province), with 2900 kWh/a and moderate winds. Financing approval by phases in 2004.

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 46

Cost distribution and main figures of the CRS reference plant with molten salt and 3h thermal storage
Results
indirect costs 17% investment land 2% investment storage 3% investment tower 3% investment receiver 15% investment power block 24% investment solar field 36%

Specific investment costs


investment breakdown

3 473 33.3 29.2 0.154 0.036

/kW el % % /kWhel /kWhel

Capacity factor Fraction of the load demand satisfied by solar Levelised electricity costs (solar-only) Included O&M cost / kWh

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 47

Annual performance of the parabolic trough reference plant with HTF and 3h thermal storage
accumulated efficiency 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
Efficiency

component efficiency 95%

84%

85%

61% 61% 52% 49% 33% 16% 14%

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 Optical (inc. Secondary)

Receiver

Storage

Power block (inc. avail. & dump.)

Parasitics

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 48

Impact of innovations on LEC for solar-only operation of a CRS with molten salt and 3h thermal storage (full load from 9a.m. 11p.m.)
30.0% high cost reduction estimation 25.0%
Reduction in LEC to reference in %

low cost reduction estimation 24.8%

20.0%

15.0% 10.9% 10.0% 7.3% 7.3% 5.0% 3.6% 1.1% 0.0% Ganged heliostats Large area heliostats Thin glass mirrors Dust repellant Autonomous mirrors heliostats Thermocline storage Increased Combination module size of selected measures 0.5% 4.4% 3.1% 2.4% 1.2% 1.2% 0.1% 2.6% 10.8% 10.8%

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 49

Example Direct Steam Generation

DSG Cost reduction compared to Trough w/ Oil

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

DSG 400C no storage 50 MW Increased Temp. 480C (?cycle = 41,5 / 40,5 %) DSG Storage (30 /40 /kWh) DSG Storage (low cost) (15 / 20 /kWh) Cheaper Collector Structure (140 / 160 /m) Dust repellent mirrors (? = 91% / 0,90%) High efficient collector (?opt=78% / 80 %)

1
Reduction in LEC to reference in %
40,0% 35,0% 30,0% 25,0% 20,0%

6
34,1% 31,2%

28,8%

21,7% 15,6% 20,0% 12,6% 9,3% 6,9% 5,7% 6,8% 8,4% 12,1%

23,2%

15,0% 10,0% 5,0% 0,0%

Upscaling of power block to 47 MW (400C, no stoarage)

Increased solar field outlet temp (480C) (eta_cyle = 41,5 / 40,5 %)

DISS Storage 30 /40 Euro/kWh

Storage 15 /20 Euro/kWh

Multilayer plastics & innovative structures (140/160 Euro/m)

Dust repellent mirrors (rho = 0,91 / 0,9)

High efficient collector eta_0 = 0,8 / 0,78

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 50

How to achieve a cost reduction by a factor of 3 ? Parabolic Trough (today 50MW) 100%

Innovations 35% Scaling to larger sizes (400 MW) - 15% Volume Production (600 MW/year) - 15% Parabolic Trough in 2020 35% ? 6 cent/kWh in Southern Europe ? 4,5 cents/kWh in Northern Africa

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 51

Findings of the ECOSTAR Study

Further cost driven research is needed to bring the cost to a competitive level All presented technologies show the potential to reach this level Short-to-medium term research should focus on modular components like concentrators, receivers etc. Medium-to-long term research should focus on less modular components like thermal energy storage systems or the integration aspects Competition should be stimulated by giving similar starting conditions to a number of technical options and consortia

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 52

Findings of the ECOSTAR Study 2

Further expertise needs to get involved:


Large companies from the power sector Specialists in glass, reflectors, light weight structures, drives, outdoor plastic etc. Chemical industry to work on improved HTF or storage media Companies specialized in mass production and logistics (like car manufacturer) Large construction companies capable to design and build storage containers and able to handle and transport hot fluids Technical supervising companies to achieve a high quality control to reduce risks specifically in the scaling process

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 53

Findings of the ECOSTAR Study 3

More countries need incentive schemes similar to the one in Spain, to extend the deployment of the technology. The European market should be opened for the import of solar electric from Northern Africa. Higher insolation levels overcompensate the cost for the transport and the deployment of the technology helps to support the political stability in this region Hybrid operation of CSP systems is of high benefit for both, the cost of the solar electricity as well as for the stability of the grid. The legal frameworks should be more flexible to allow this option. Scaling up CSP to larger power block sizes is an essential step to reduce electricity costs. Incentive schemes should not limit the upper power level to fully exploit the cost reduction potential.

CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Slide 54

Banco Perspectivas Programas de implantacin de los sistemas TRC Primeros Europeos de Promocin Mundial y mercados verdes mercados competitivos

0,20 PS10
Coste electricidad producida (EUR/kWh)

Receptor Central 10-200 MW* 565-800 C 20-77 %* 23 % 7-20 %* Demostracin Medio S Solar200 S 3,83-2,16* 2,50-0,78*

0,16

0,12

Solar Tres Potencia Temperatura operacin PS50 Factor de capacidad anual Solar Cuatro Eficiencia pico Eficiencia Neta Anual
Estado comercial Solar100 Solgate30 Riesgo Tecnolgico
Rangode precios competitivos para plantasde carga intermedia Diseos hbridos

0,08

Almacenamiento disponible Coste W instalado EUR/W EUR/Wpico**

0,04

0 2000 2005

2010 Ao

2015

2020

CERN Acad. Training. TowardPlantas slo solar Sustainable solar Plantas slo Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Plantas hbridas Plantas hbridas

Slide 55

THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION !

Flix M. Tllez High Solar Concentration Technologies www.psa.es


CERN Acad. Training. Toward Sustainable Energy Systems? Lecture 2 of 4: Projects and innovations; March, 28th 2006

Felix.tellez@ciemat.es 56 Slide