598 views

Uploaded by khwunn

- solar system lesson plan
- Cost of Sandwiching
- Jaxa
- Croco
- Solar
- ace3_wks_unit3.pdf
- ayuda tablero powerpoint
- Saturn v Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report, SA-513, Skylab 1
- 1.3 Origin of the Elements, SS and the Planets
- Water Rocket
- module 8
- CAIB_lowres_full.pdf
- silva
- Tide
- Space India Jan-Jun 2017.pdf
- Words of Power ( From Naos Order of Nine Angles )
- Project Phase 1
- Binar Sistem Theory
- 5.5
- Report

You are on page 1of 34

Applications

insertion with the use of chemical upper stage

and electric propulsion

Mikhail Konstantinov , Min Thein

30.10. 2008

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Introduction

of chemical upper stage and electric propulsion.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Launching stages

• launch vehicle inserts the spacecraft (SC) into the low earth orbit

(LEO).

upper stage (EPS) with payload into the intermediate orbit.

• EPS starts from intermediate orbit and delivers the payload into

geostationary orbit (GSO).

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Three impulses transfer into an intermediate

orbit with the use of chemical upper stage

Line of

nodes

• The first impulse which is given at the

3rd burning of

point of line of nodes, lifts apogee up to

ChUS

apogee of the first intermediate orbit.

orbit perigee of the first intermediate orbit,

Final orbit

increases velocity such the apogee has

risen up to apogee of a chosen

1st intermediate intermediate orbit.

orbit

Parking

orbit • The third impulse which is given at the

1st and 2nd burning of ChUS apogee of the second intermediate orbit,

changes an inclination and increases

velocity such the perigee has risen up to

a perigee of a chosen intermediate orbit.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

maximum principle and averaging method.

•The maximum principle is used to solve the main optimization problem also.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Optimization

problem

known:

Here,

We need to integrate the system of differential equations

for phase and adjoint variables.

• x = [A ex ey ix iy F], = [ A ex ey ix iy

F]

• Unknowns are (to) and they are extremely

sensitive.

M. Konstantinov , M. Thein: Trajectory design for geostationary satellite insertion …

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Boundary conditions

A = A0 , ex = ex 0 , ey = ey 0 , ix = ix 0 , i y = i y 0

A = Ak , ex = exk , ey = eyk , ix = ixk , iy = iyk

considered statement is equivalent to minimization of fuel

consumption for transfer.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

W S

Equinoctial elements:

А=А ex = e cos(Ω + ω ) e y = e sin (Ω + ω )

ψ

P i

i x = tan cos Ω

i

i y = tan sin Ω F =ν +ω + Ω

Φ 2 2

T Motion equations:

T=(P/m)*cos(Φ)*cos(ψ)

S=(P/m)*sin(Φ)*cos(ψ)

where,

W=(P/m)* sin(ψ)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Optimal control

Hamiltonian :

variables respectively.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Optimal control:

of spacecraft motion (yaw and pitch angles) as follows:

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

where ,

acb –non-dimensional jet acceleration.

M. Konstantinov , M. Thein: Trajectory design for geostationary satellite insertion …

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Control law

In work [2] formulated some simplified model problem which offer to receive

analytical results and that results are used as initial guess of a main

problem. Thus it is possible to find the control structure of spacecraft’s

motion of orbital transfer. The jet acceleration and yaw angle are considered

as the constants on each revolution of a trajectory.

• On each revolution of a trajectory transversal

component of thrust accelerates SC on one

arch of a revolution of a trajectory and brakes

SC on other arch of a trajectory. Duration and

braking location of accelerating arc and braking arc on

accelerating each revolution of trajectory are chosen as the

optimized functions of slow time.

• Binomial component of thrust changes the its

direction in points of an osculating orbit with

argument of perigee equal to 90 deg and 270

deg concerning a plane of a terminal orbit.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

problem is reduced to system of three transcendental equations

with three unknowns. The systems of equations are provided with

satisfaction to reach into a final orbit (semi major axis, eccentricity

and inclination).

A0

fA( L1k , L1o , L4 ) = ;

Ak

fe ( L1k , L1o , L4 ) = 0.5 ⋅ e0 ;

fi ( L1k , L1o , L4 ) = i0 .

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

2 2

f acos L 1k L4

fA L 1k , L 1o , L 4 if 1 < L 1k < L 1o < 1

2 2

f acos L 1o L4

2 2

f acos L 1k L4

if 1 < L 1k < 1 . L 1o 1

2

π. 2

L 1o L4

2

2

π. 2

L 1k L4

2

if 1 < L 1o < 1 . L 1k 1

2 2

f acos L 1o L4

2

π. 2

L 1k L4

2

if L 1k 1 . L 1o 1

2

π. 2

L 1o L4

2

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

π

f( x) sin( x) x . cos ( x)

2

acos L 1o

2

sin ( x) . f( x)

fe L 1k , L 1o , L 4 dx if 1 < L 1k < L 1o < 1

2 2

f( x) L4

acos L 1k

3

4

2

2 π. π

L4 L 1o 2

2 . sin ( x) . f( x)

dx if 1 < L 1k < 1 . L 1o 1

2 2 2

2 π f( x) L4

L4

2 acos L 1k

acos L 1o

2

sin ( x) . f( x)

dx if 1 < L 1o < 1 . L 1k 1

2 2

f( x) L4

0

3

2 4

L4

2

L 1o .π π

2

2 . sin ( x) . f( x)

dx if L 1k 1 . L 1o 1

2 2 2

2 π f( x) L4

L4

2 0

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

acos L 1o

sin ( x )

fi L 1k , L 1o , L 4 d x. L 4 if 1 < L 1k < L 1o < 1

2 2

f( x ) L4

acos L 1k

2.

π L 4 . L 1o 1

sin ( x ) 2. π

L 4. dx atan if 1 < L 1k < 1 . L 1o 1

f( x )

2

L4

2 π 2. L

2

4

L 1o

acos L 1k π

2.

acos L 1o L 4 . L 1k 1

sin ( x ) 2. π

L 4. dx atan if 1 < L 1o < 1 . L 1k 1

f( x )

2

L4

2 π 2. L

2

4

L 1k

0 π

π

sin ( x )

L 4. d x ... if L 1k 1 . L 1o 1

2 2

f( x ) L4

0

2. 2.

L 4 . L 1o 1 L 4 . L 1k 1

2. π π

+ atan atan

π 2. L

2

2. L 4

2

4

L 1o L 1k

π π

L1k, L10, L4 –The parameters which determine the values of the adjoint variables

to semi major axis and an inclination in an initial (current) point and a final point of

a trajectory of flight.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Relations between ( L1k, L10, L4 ) and adjoint variables

where,

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Algorithm

known.

1. Determine the parameters(L1k, L10, L4) and find the values of the

adjoint variables to semi major axis and to an inclination in an initial

(current) point and a final point of a trajectory of flight.

For example, one day, or 1 revolution of trajectory around of the Earth.

the chosen interval of time.

trajectory are used as initial conditions for a following segment of

trajectory.

M. Konstantinov , M. Thein: Trajectory design for geostationary satellite insertion …

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Numerical results

orbit has the following characteristics:

• Radius of a perigee of an intermediate orbit - 10000 km,

• Radius of a apogee of an intermediate orbit - 65000 km,

• Inclination of an intermediate orbit - 30 degree.

• Argument of a perigee - 0 degrees,

• Longitude of the ascending nodes - 0 degrees.

Characteristics of a spacecraft in an intermediate orbit:

• Initial mass – 2000 kg ,

• Thrust of electric propulsion engine - 0.4 N,

• Specific impulse of electric propulsion engine- 16 km/s.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

flight time (day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

function of flight time (day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Components of eccentricity as a

function of flight time (day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

(day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

function of flight time (day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

flight time (day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

flight time (day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

flight time in 1st revolution of trajectory

flight time in 50th revolution of trajectory

time in 115th revolution of trajectory

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

(day)

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Fig.1 yaw angle (deg) as a function of Fig.2 yaw angle (deg) as a function of

flight time in 1st revolution of trajectory argument of perigee in 1st revolution of

trajectory

Fig.3 yaw angle (deg) as a function of Fig.4 yaw angle (deg) as a function of

flight time in 115th revolution of trajectory argument of perigee in 115th revolution of

trajectory

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

transfer trajectory

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

Conclusion

chemical upper stage and electric propulsion is designed.

multirevolution trajectory from elliptical orbit into noncoplanar

circular orbit is developed.

numerical integration of system of equations (phase and adjoint

variables) as well as the characteristics of trajectory are presented.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

The literatures

1. M. Konstantinov. Optimization of Low Thrust transfer from elliptical

orbit into noncoplanar circular orbit. Proceedings of 2nd

International Symposium on Low-Thrust Trajectories LOTUS-2,

Toulouse, France, 2002.

2. M. Konstantinov. Optimization of low thrust transfer between no

coplanar elliptic orbits. Paper IAF-97-A.6.06, Turin, Italy, October

1997.

3. V. Petukhov. Low-Thrust Trajectory Optimization. Presentation at

the seminar on Space Flight Mechanics, Control, and Information

Science of Space Research Institute (IKI), Moscow, June 14, 2000

(http://arc.iki.rssi.ru/seminar/200006/OLTTE2.ppt)

4. M. Konstantinov. Analysis trajectories of the insertion into

geostationary orbit of a SC with the chemical and electric

propulsion with using of Moon’s swingy.

The 3rd CSA-IAA Conference on Advanced Space Systems and

Applications

The end

Thank you!

Min Thein

- solar system lesson planUploaded byapi-404409272
- Cost of SandwichingUploaded byrobertscomputer
- JaxaUploaded byIngbor99
- CrocoUploaded byIoana Popescu
- SolarUploaded byjyoprasad
- ace3_wks_unit3.pdfUploaded bynatacha
- ayuda tablero powerpointUploaded byWencel Franco
- Saturn v Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report, SA-513, Skylab 1Uploaded byBob Andrepont
- 1.3 Origin of the Elements, SS and the PlanetsUploaded byshivi08
- Water RocketUploaded byAmrit Kaur
- module 8Uploaded byapi-366576166
- CAIB_lowres_full.pdfUploaded byRicardo Nuno Silva
- silvaUploaded byapi-438470006
- TideUploaded byapi-27589736
- Space India Jan-Jun 2017.pdfUploaded byRaajeswaran Baskaran
- Words of Power ( From Naos Order of Nine Angles )Uploaded byMary Perez
- Project Phase 1Uploaded byprem
- Binar Sistem TheoryUploaded byDonald Carol
- 5.5Uploaded byeshachoukse
- ReportUploaded by12ipa5
- Amazing Stories Volume 05 Number 02Uploaded by2close2theflame
- Tugas B.Ing 2 retnoUploaded byRetno Anggraini
- Current Affairs - June 2016Uploaded byAnirudh Prasad
- Flight Dynamics Assignment 2Uploaded byAbinashSahoo
- ApophisUploaded byfarhanworks
- Terraforming Mars - HM 102 Assignment FinalUploaded bySarim Javed
- g Core CosmicUploaded byJohn Strickler
- PHY558 B M Exercise Session 1 HalfsolutionUploaded byAlija Bajramović
- 4087prUploaded byJuan Manuel Mauro
- A330 B2 ATA31.3 INDICATING LEVEL3 VAECO_noted.pdfUploaded byAaron Harvey

- Characteristics of GravityUploaded byAlfido Zakaria
- Lunar TrajectoriesUploaded byAdrian Arasu
- the theory that would not dieThe Theory That Would Not DieUploaded bytlnrs
- DedUploaded byJoshua Martin
- Day and NightUploaded byyese76
- Cluster Ages Lab Exercise MC.docxUploaded bydan
- Surya SiddhantaUploaded byravi
- GettingStartedNorthUploaded bymasamune121
- In Search of Cosmic OrderUploaded byJuancarla73
- Kp Graphs How ToUploaded bySateesh Ranade
- Mechanism of the HeavensBUploaded byMadhav Gumma
- Reinabelle Reyes et al- Space Density of Optically-Selected Type 2 QuasarsUploaded byPogz1995
- Planet Hunters Educator GuideUploaded bygibarz-1
- A Long Term Numerical Solution for the Insolation Quantities Of2004-J.laskarUploaded byfirzy reza
- The Cosmic Perspective Ch.1Uploaded byAnthony Truong-Nguyen
- Indian CalendarUploaded byhari18
- CoffeeUploaded byGaurav Garg
- aa14002-10Uploaded byShaltook-e Tazeh
- Angular Velocity Calc..pdfUploaded byklimanjerom
- Make Your Own SundialUploaded bygamangabriel
- Will the World End in 2012 - 2012 Mayan Doomsday PredictionUploaded byaretiserene
- Chap 001 OceeanographyUploaded byihussain81
- The Voyager Uranus Travel GuideUploaded byBob Andrepont
- Taurid Meteoroid StreamUploaded bysahj
- Astronomical Observatories in IndiaUploaded byUjjwal Garg
- Burmese AstrologyUploaded byVictoria Generao
- Dark Energy May Be Incompatible With String TheoryUploaded bySilvino González Morales
- Astrophysics MSc some recommended Books (QMUL)Uploaded byucaptd3
- Sepharial (1920)_Collection of Keys [10 p.]Uploaded bybrijeshjana7318
- Binary w CoverUploaded byJawaharlal Nehru Palaniyappan