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I. Effect and Application of Laws A. When law takes effect (Civil Code, Art. 2) B. Ignorance of the law (Civil Code, Art. 3) C. Retroactivity of laws (Civil Code, Art. 4) D. Mandatory or prohibitory laws (Civil Code, Art. 5) E. Waiver of rights (Civil Code, Art. 6) F. Repeal of laws (Civil Code, Art. 7) G. Judicial decisions (Civil Code, Art. 8) H. Duty to render judgment (Civil Code, Art. 9) I. Presumption and applicability of custom (Civil Code, Arts. 10-12) J. Legal periods (Civil Code, Art. 13, as amended by Book I, Sec. 31 of the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292)) K. Applicability of penal laws (Civil Code, Art. 14) L. Conflict of laws (Civil Code, Arts. 15-18) II. Human Relations (Civil Code, Arts. 19-22) Exclude: Independent Civil Actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law PERSONS I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code) A. Capacity to act 1. Civil personality (Art. 37) 2. Restrictions on capacity to act (Arts. 38-39) 3. Birth (Arts. 40-41) 2 4. Death (Arts. 42-43) a) Compare Art. 43 with Rule 131, Sec. 3 (jj) presumption of survivorship 5. Juridical Persons, Civil Code, Arts. 44-46 B. Domicile and residence (Arts. 50-51) II. Marriage (Family Code) Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083) A. Nature of marriage B. Requisites 1. Kinds of requisites (Family Code, Arts. 2-3) 3. Effect of absence of requisites (Art. 4) 4. Essential requisites (Art. 5) a) Age b) Consent 5. Formal (Arts. 7, 31, 32) 6. Ceremony (Art. 6) 7. Solemnizing authority (Art. 7-8, 10) a) Exceptions (Art. 35 (2)) 8. License required (Arts. 3 (2), 9, 11, 20, 26) a) Foreign national (Art. 21) b) Exceptions (Arts. 27, 31-32, 34) 9. Marriage certificate (Art. 22) Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Arts. 12-19, 23-25
B. Effect of marriage celebrated abroad and foreign divorce (Art. 26) C. Void and voidable marriages 1. Void marriages (Arts. 5, 35, 36-38, 52-53) a) Absence of requisites (Art. 35) b) Psychological incapacity (Art. 36) c) Incestuous marriages (Arts. 37-38) 2. Prescription (Art. 39) 3. Subsequent marriage (Arts. 40-44) 4. Annullable marriage (Arts. 14, 45-46) 5. Voidable marriages (Art. 45-47) 6. Presence of prosecutor (Art. 48) 7. Pendency of action (Art. 49) 8. Effects of nullity (Arts. 50-54) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. 6955, entitled “An Act to 3 Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices…”; R.A. 9208 or the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 III. Legal Separation A. Grounds (Art. 55 and R.A. 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) B. Defenses (Arts. 56-57) C. Cooling-off period (Art. 58) D. Reconciliation efforts (Art. 59) E. Confession of judgment (Art. 60) F. Effects of filing petition (Art. 61) G. Effects of pendency (Art. 62) H. Effects of legal separation (Arts. 63-64) 1. Reconciliation (Arts. 65-67) Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC or the Rule on Legal Separation IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife A. Essential obligations (Art. 68) B. Family domicile (Art. 69) C. Support (Art. 70) D. Management of household (Art. 71) E. Effect of neglect of duty (Art. 72) F. Exercise of profession (Art. 73) Exclude: R.A. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. 9710 or The Magna Carta of Women. V. Property Relations of the Spouses 4 A. Marriage settlements (Arts. 76-81) B. Donations by reason of marriage (Arts. 82-83, 86, 43(3), 50) C. Void donations by the spouses (Art. 87) D. Absolute Community of Property 1. General provisions (Arts. 75-85, 88-90) 2. What constitutes community property (Arts. 91-93)
administration. enjoyment and disposition of the community property (Arts. Legitimate children (Arts. 8043) 1. 94-95) 4. 172-174) 5 C. Who are obliged (Arts.3. 161 and 162 VII. 02-6-02-SC ) 2. 199-200. Rights of an adopted child (include Family Code. Legitimated children (Arts. Separation of property of the spouses and administration of common property by one spouse during the marriage (Arts.” B. 163-171) B. 183-188. Dissolution of community regime (Arts. 149-151) B. 124-125) 6. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts.M. 129-133) F. Liquidation of the conjugal partnership assets and liabilities (Arts. Liquidation of the absolute community assets and liabilities (Arts.M. 99-101) 6. Illegitimate children (Art.A. 143-146) H. Rule on Adoption (A. 157. 176 as amended by R. No. What it comprises (Art. 189 and 190 on successional rights) 4. Property regime of unions without marriage (Arts. 9255 allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father) D. Conjugal Partnership of Gains 1. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R. Regime of separation of property (Arts.A. 177-182) Exclude: A. 105-108) 2. The Family A.A. Paternity and Filiation A. 195-197. Who can adopt 2. R. Proof of filiation (Arts. 06-11-5-SC or the Rule on DNA Evidence VIII. Exclusive property of each spouse (Arts.A. 126-128) 7. The family as an institution (Arts. 96-98) 5. 116-120) 4. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R. 194) B. Charges upon and obligations of the community property (Arts. Rescission of adoption Exclude: 1. Support A. Dissolution of the regime of Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 134-142) G. The family home (Arts. Arts. Charges upon and obligations of the Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 147-148) VI. Who can be adopted 3. General provisions (Arts. 191-193 of the Family Code IX. 109-115) 3. 175 and Art. 152-165) Exclude: Arts. 206-208) . 8552) 1. 102-104) E. Who can adopt 2. Adoption A. No. Who can be adopted Exclude: Arts. Conjugal partnership property (Arts. 9523. entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to Declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings…. Ownership. 121123) 5.
Arts. Emancipation (Arts. When demandable (Art. Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 (R. Art. 356-363. 216-219) C. Administration of the property of the absentee (Arts. 205) 6 X. Funerals (Civil Code. 254-255. 204) G. 305-310) Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts.A. 209-215) B. Support during marriage litigation (Art. Absence (Civil Code.A. 7610) XI. Characteristics . 228-233) 1. 257 of the Family Code XIV. Civil Code) XV. Parental Authority A. 387. Effects of parental authority upon the property of the children (Arts. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases XIII. entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child…” which will be covered under Labor Law E. 9048. entitled “An Act Authorizing the City or Municipal Civil Registrar or the Consul General to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error in an Entry and/or Change of First Name or Nickname in the Civil Register Without Need of a Judicial Order….A. Effect of parental authority upon the persons of the children (Arts. Provisional measures in case of absence (Arts. 43. 198) D. 393-396 on contingent assets XVII. 220-224) Exclude: 1. Use of Surnames Arts. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. 8972) 4.A. Options (Art. Presumption of death (Arts. Declaration of absence (Arts. Civil Registrar A. No. 6809 which lowered the age of majority) XII.C. Attachment (Art. Arts. 381-383) B. 9048 PROPERTY I. 234 and 236. 384-386) C. as amended by R. 03-04-04-SC) 3. Suspension or termination of parental authority (Arts. Art. Rule 108.”) C. 369-380 (other articles repealed by Family Code) XVI. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R. Child Abuse Law (R. 364-369. 201-202) E. 203) F. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R. Amount (Arts. 41 Family Code) 7 A.389) D. 8980) D.M. No. Rules of Court Exclude: Act No. 256) Exclude: Arts.A. 225-227) Exclude: R. Correction of Clerical Errors (R. 03-02-05-SC) 2.M. 9231.A. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A. General provisions (Arts. 390-392) Exclude: Arts. 407-413 B. Substitute and special parental authority (Arts.A.
Of private ownership a) Patrimonial property (i) Distinction between private property of individual persons and of state entities E. Original 2. fruendi. Personal or movable D. 579) 3. Right of accession (Art. disponendi (possidendi) (i) Actions to recover ownership and possession of real property (a) Distinctions between accion reivindicatoria. easements voluntarily imposed by owner (servitudes. 459-463) 4. Distinction between real and personal rights B. planter.D. Specific limitations: those imposed by law (sic utere tuo. Consumable/non-consumable vs. 448-456) (ii) Builder. Of public dominion 2. Bundle of rights a) Jus utendi. Modes of acquiring ownership 1. 1067 or the Water Code) 8 c) Avulsion (Arts. abutendi. Derivative C. 441-444) 2. mortgages . state of necessity). planter. 438-439) B. vindicandi. accion publiciana. Real or immovable 2. Islands (Arts. planter. Fruits (Arts. 464-465) C. 440) 1. accion interdictal (b) Distinction between forcible entry and unlawful detainer (ii) Actions for recovery of possession of movable property (iii) Requisites for recovery of property (a) Proof of right (b) Identity (c) Reliance on strength of own evidence. police power 2. sower in good faith (Arts. sower in bad faith (Arts. Fungible/non-fungible III. By nature 1. eminent domain. By owner 1. Lands adjoining river banks a) Alluvion (Art. 449-450) b) Usufructuary (Art. nuisance. Classification (Arts. By object 1.II. Limitations 1. With respect to immovable property a) Builder. Hidden treasure (Arts. sower on land of another in the concept of owner (i) Builder. not weakness of defendant’s claim 2. 461-462 and P. Ownership A. 457) b) Change of course of river (Arts. General limitations: taxation. 415-418) A. Right in general 1.
Rights of co-owners 1. amendment (iv) Documents to consider (master deed. Effect of partition . For movables: a) Accession continua (conjunction. 957. Accession A. or dissolution of the condominium B. Right to redemption of co-owners share D. 6552.imposed by contract) 9 IV. where applicable) b) Rights and obligations of condominium owners (i) Contributions/dues (ii) P. General rules 1. Source of co-ownership 10 C. Realty Installment Buyer Act c) Grounds for partition of common areas. articles and by-laws of the condominium corporation or the association. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property (Arts. rivers. Special rules a) Concept of condominium (i) Condominium corporation (ii) Interest in real property (iii) Concept of common areas. Right to hidden treasure B. adjunction. Distinction between quieting of title and removing/preventing a cloud C. taxes) 5.A. Right to oppose acts of alteration 3. Distinction between right to property owned in common and full ownership over his/her ideal share 2. declaration of restrictions. In general 2. civil fruits) and continua (over immovables: artificial/industrial and natural) b) Accession industrial (building. Co-ownership A. Prescription/non-prescription of action VI.D. sowing in good faith or bad faith) c) Accession natural (accretion. planting. For immovables: a) Accession discreta (natural. Characteristics of co-ownership 1. Requirement B. avulsion. Right to partition 4. commixtion/ confusion. industrial. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decreeand R. Right to contributions for expenses (necessary expenses. Termination/extinguishment 1. islands) 2. specification) b) Rules for determining the principal and accessory V. Waiver 6. 476-481) A.
548) 2. Characteristics B. 694-707) A. Possessor in bad faith (Arts. in name of another F. Loss or unlawful deprivation of a movable (Arts. Distinguished from voidable title (Art. 546-547) (ii) Expenses for pure luxury (Art. Voluntary easements (Art. Period to recover (Arts. 544. 713) B. 615-616) A. Legal easements a) Right of way 2. 1132. Usufruct A. In concept of owner. Characteristics B.2. Classification 11 C. 1134. Characteristics B. Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. Definition B. 559. How terminated X. 688) a) Effect of zoning ordinance C. Donation 1. Classification C. 725-726. Rights and obligations of usufructuary D. 526-527) a) Right to pending fruits (Art. 620-624) 2. 1140. 549. 669-673) D. in one’s own name. 1506) E. 552) D. Easement of light and view (Arts. holder. Modes of acquiring easements 1. Extinction/termination IX. 1505(3)) 1. 613. 746) 2. Possessor in good faith (Arts. Easements (Arts. 1133) 2. Rights of the possessor G. Definition (Arts. Rights of the owner E. Nuisance (Arts. Occupation (Art. Partition in case co-owners cannot agree VII. Loss/termination VIII. 531) C. Characteristics a) Extent to which donor may donate property b) Reservations and reversions 12 . Possession A. How acquired (Art. Effects of possession 1. 545) b) Right to be reimbursed (i) Necessary and useful expenses (Arts. Remedies XI. 712) A. Rights against individual co-owners in case of partition 3. 719-720) 3. 449. Rights and obligations of dominant and subservient estate E. Compulsory easements (Arts. Classification 1. Finder of lost movable (Arts.
728) d) Onerous donation (Art. What cannot be required by acquisitive prescription B. Revocation or reduction a) Grounds for revocation.) 4. second par. Effects of donation/limitations a) In general b) Double donations c) Excessive/inofficious d) Scope of amount (Arts. conditional 4. 649) . 771-773) f) Ingratitude (Arts. 1132. Art. 1106) A. 765. 750-752) e) In fraud of creditors (Art. donee 6. Extraordinary (Arts. 739-740. personal properties (i) Movables (Art. Arts. Ordinary a) Good faith (Art. 769) Exclude: Intellectual creations PRESCRIPTION I. 760-761. 1137 and 1132. 86) c) Donation mortis causa (Art. grounds for reduction b) How done c) Effects c) Prescription e) Inofficious donations (Arts. modal. 1117) 1. Requisites 3. 1138) 6. Definition (Art.D. Formalities required a) How made and accepted b) Perfection c) Differences between formalities for donation of real. Requisites (Arts. Kinds a) Donation inter vivos (Art. 749) 5. 733) e) Simple. 82-83. Period (Arts.3. Periods II. No Prescription Applicable A. By offender (Art. 1118-1125) 5. Action legal to demand a right of way (Art. Extinctive 1. Void donations (Arts. 1134. 1027) 8. 1529) C. 759) 7. Qualifications of donor. 1133) B. 729) b) Donation by reason of marriage (Family Code. 1143. 1127) b) Just title (Arts. Civil Code 1. Characteristics 2. 748) (ii) Immovables (Art. Characteristics 2. 1129-1130) 13 3. Registered lands (P. Acquisitive (Art.
Void contracts (Art. 1141) C. 1177) . Default. Legal excuse for breach of obligation: fortuitous event. Classification of Obligations V. A determinate or specific thing 2. To recover movables (Art. Extra-contractual obligations VI. A single act or omission can give rise to different causes of action B. requisites D. Obligation to do or not to do C. Fraud in the performance of obligation a) Waiver of future fraud is void (Art. 1171) 4. Natural obligations C. Action to quiet title if plaintiff is in possession E. Remedies available to creditor in cases of breach 1. 1410) F. Rescission (resolution in reciprocal obligations) 3. Different Kinds of Prestations IV. 494) 1. To recover immovables (Art. To abate a nuisance D. Damages. Breaches of obligations 1. Contravention of the tenor of obligation 6. Nature and Effect of Obligations A. Elements of an Obligation III. 1169) a) Mora solvendi b) Mora accipiendi c) Compesatio morae 3. An indeterminate or generic thing B. Action to demand partition (Art. Sources of obligations (Arts. in any event 4. Definition 14 II. 1140) B. Complete failure to perform 2. Specific performance 15 a) Substituted performance by a third person on obligation to deliver generic thing and in obligation to do. Obligation to give 1. delay or mora – no default unless creditors makes a demand. Interruption (Art. 1155) OBLIGATIONS I. Negligence (culpa) in the performance of obligation a) Diligence normally required is ordinary diligence or diligence of a good father of a family b) Exception: common carriers which are required to exercise extraordinary diligence 5. Prescription or limitation of actions A. Other actions (Arts. unless a purely personal act 2. 1156-1157) A. Distinguished from laches G.2. exceptions (Art. Property of public dominion III. Subsidiary remedies of creditors (Art. 1142-1149) IV.
Alternative or facultative (Art. 1190. par. 1652. 1182) 4. Resolutory condition 3. Difference between alternative and facultative obligations 2. Obligation with a period or a term (Art. 1187) a) Extent of retroactivity 5. 1199) 1. Effect when a resolutory condition in obligation to do or not to do happens and there is improvement. In case of failure of one joint debtor to perform his part (share). Effect of the happening of suspensive condition or resolutory condition (Art. Presumption that period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor (Art. therefore a joint debtor cannot be required to pay for the share of another with debtor. unless otherwise indicated by the law or nature of obligation (Art. Definite or indefinite period a) Instances when courts may fix the period (Art. 1207) b) Obligation presumed to be divided into as many equal shares as there are creditors or debtors c) Each credit is distinct from one another. 1198) 2. 1729. Effect of improvement. Kinds of Civil Obligations A. 1193) 1. Resolutory period 3. Pure (Arts. 1179-1180) B. loss or deterioration of specific thing before the happening of a suspensive condition in obligation to do or not to do (Art. Potestative: casual or mixed a) Obligations subject to potestative suspensive conditions are void (Art. 1197) b) Creditor must ask court to set the period before he can demand payment D. Concurrence of two or more creditors and or two or more debtors a) Joint obligation is presumed. Effect if suspensive period is for the benefit of both debtor and creditor 3. Joint and Solidary Obligation A.a) Accion subrogatoria a) Accion pauliana c) Accion directa (Arts. 1189) 6. through fault of debtor/creditor or through fortuitous events 16 VIII. Conditional (Art. Joint indivisible obligation 1. others not liable for his share (Art. although he may pay if he wants to (Art. Obligation cannot be performed in parts but debtors are bound jointly 2. 1196) 2. 3) C. Suspensive condition 2. 1608. 1209) B. there is default but only the guilty debtor shall be liable for damages . 1893) VII. 1209) d) Insolvency of a joint debtor. 1181) 1. Effect of loss of specific things or impossibility of performance of alternative. loss or deterioration of the specific thing (Art. Joint (divisible) obligation 1. Effect if given to debtor alone a) Instances when debtor losses benefit of period (Art.
1357. Mutual guaranty among solidary debtors (Arts. 1282) d) Judicial (Art. Stipulation to charge interest (Art. Mutual agency among solidary debtors (Arts. Agency to sell real property or an interest therein (Art. 1252-1254) 5. Chattel mortgage 8. Solidary obligation 1. 1744) 7. Payment (Arts. a) Effect of any novation. 1214. Kinds of Contracts A. Donations (Arts. 1272) E. Form of payment (Art. 1275. Obligations with a penal clause (Arts. 1222) 3. Kinds (Arts. 1261) II. 1262. 1225) E. 1274) 17 D. 1874) 5. compensation. Express condonations and required formality thereof (Art. Defective Contracts A. 1228-1230) IX. Each one of solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others. 1771. 1278. 1271. 1358) IV. Real C. 1282) c) Voluntary (Art. 1283) e) Facultative 2. 1212). Implied (Arts. 1270) 1. 1236-1238) 1. 1279) a) Legal compensation (Arts. 748-749) 2. 1356. 1270) 2. Application of payment (Art. Stipulation limiting common carrier’s duty of extraordinary diligence to ordinary diligence (Art. 1217. 2134) 4. Condonation or remission of debt (Art. 1266-1267) C. Consensual B. Confusion or Merger of Rights (Arts. 1287-1288) F. 1256-1261) B. Loss of determinate thing due or impossibility or difficulty of performance (Arts. Extinguishment of Obligations A. Tender of payment and consignation (Arts. 1226. Formal or solemn 1. Sale of large cattle III. 1250) 4. but not anything prejudicial to them (Art. 1773) 3. 1216. Obligations not compensable (Art. Rescissible contracts (Art. Dation in payment (Art. 1291-1304) CONTRACTS I. Partnership where real property contributed (Arts. confusion or remission of debt executed by a solidary creditor D. 1956) 6. 1286-1290) b) Agreement (Art. Novation (Arts. Compensation 1. Formality (Arts. Essential Requisites (Art.C. Extraordinary inflation or deflation (Art. 1272. Divisible and indivisible (Art. 1215) 2. 1381) . Antichresis (Art. 1249) 3. 1245) 2.
Capacity of parties (Arts. Offer (Art. Sale by a person having a voidable title (Arts. Characteristics of a contract of sale F. 1470) E. Void contracts (Arts. Contract of sale/contract to sell II. 1496-1501) . Meaning of price (Arts. How price is determined D.1. 1489-1492) B. 1474) F. 1165) E. Particular kinds IV. When no price agreed (Art. Mutual promise to buy and sell (Art. 1403-1408. Absolute incapacity (Arts. Manner of payment must be agreed upon G. Stages of contract of sale D. 1328-1344. 1355. 1479) B. Voidable contracts (Arts. Right of first refusal 4. 1459) 1. 1326) C. Obligations created (Art. Pactum de non alienando (Art. Art. 1477. Requisites for a valid price C. 1409. Formation of Contract of Sale A. 559) V. Subject Matter A. 1505. 2130) 3. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership A. Option contract (Arts. 1317) D. Perfection (Arts. Sale by a person not the owner at time of delivery (Arts. 1799) V.1482) VI. 1390) 2. 2130. Preparatory (Art. 1470) B. 1506. 1458. Parties to a Contract of Sale A. 1191 B. 1311) SALES I. 1325. 1397. Difference with rescission (resolution) under Art. 1390-1402) 18 C. Unenforceable contracts (Arts. Manner of transfer (Arts. 1479) 1. 1475) 2. 1475. 1505) C. Effect of contracts (Art. 1399) C. Earnest money vs. 1462. Introduction A. 1491-1492) III. Formalities of the contract. Sale distinguished from other contracts H. Essential requisites of a contract of sale (Art. 2088. 1319. Relative incapacity: married persons D. Pactum commissorium (Arts. Pactum leonina (Art. Inadequacy of price (Arts. Sale is title and not mode G. Transfer of Ownership A. 1327. Option money (Art. Special disqualifications (Arts. 1469-1474) B. 1346) 1. 1459-1465) 19 B. 1479. Requisites of a valid subject matter (Arts. 1403 (d) (e) VII. Definition of sales (Arts. Exceptions B. Price A. 1324) 3.
Effects of waivers E. 1636. Warranties of seller of documents of title (Art. Double sales (Art. When loss occurred after perfection but before delivery E. Kinds of delivery D. 1543) 3. 1525) B. Remedies of the seller (Arts. 23. When delivery does not transfer title 20 C. Delivery of thing sold 1. Remedies of the buyer 1. 1636) B. 1600. 1504) IX. Extinguishment of the Sale A. 1189) B. Non-negotiable documents of title E. Breach of Contract A. Definition (Art. Risk of Loss A. Purpose of documents of title C. 1231) B. Recto Law: sale of movables on installment (Arts. 1599) XIII. Effects of warranties D. 1519. Sale of immovables 1. 1263. Performance of Contract 21 A. 1480) 2.D. 24 2. Payment of price XII. payment of capital gains tax. Buyer’s options in case of breach of warranty (Art. Sale of movables (Arts. Implied warranties (Art. Causes (Arts. 1520) X. Sale of movables B. 957. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller A. Documents of Title A. When loss occurred before perfection C. Sale of movable 2. Remedies of unpaid seller XI. 1539. and documentary tax registration fees VIII. 1516) F. Sale of immovables on installment (Maceda Law) D. 1537. When loss occurred at time of perfection (Arts. Warranties A. Definition of unpaid seller (Art. When ownership is transferred (Art. 1493 and 1494) D. Property Registration Decree 1. 1522. P. Inspections and acceptance B. Requisites for registration of deed of sale in good faith 2.B. Conventional redemption (Art. Express warranties B. 1601) . 1544) E. Rules on levy/garnishment of goods (Arts. 1484-1486) C. Negotiable documents of title D. Sale of immovables XIV. Sale of immovables (Arts. Accompanied by vendor’s duplicate certificate of title. 1547) C. 1514. 1594) 1. General rule (Arts. Secs.
A. 807-808) (iii) Substantial compliance (Art.A.C. 814) (ii) Witnesses required for probate (Art. In general a) Definition and characteristics (Arts. 797) b) Soundness of mind (Arts. Testamentary Succession A. Exercise of the right to redeem (Art. 3952) SUCCESSION I. Age redemption (Art. 818-819) 4. Testamentary capacity and intent (Arts. 825-826) . 781) B. 820-824) d) Holographic wills (i) Requirements (Arts. 788-794) (iii) Law governing formal validity (Art. 774-780) A. 819) (i) See law governing substantive validity (Arts. 4726) Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R. 957) XVI. 798-801) (i) When testator is deemed to be of sound mind (ii) Presumptions (iii) Supervening incapacity 23 3. 16. 795) 2. 1619) H. 1616) G. Distinguished from option to buy (Art. 783-787) (i) Act of making a will a strictly personal act (Arts. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree (P. Equitable mortgage (Arts. 1039) b) Common requirements (Art. 815-817. 787) (a) Exception (Art. 784-785. 776. Retail Trade and Liberalization Act. 774. 809) (iv) Witnesses to wills(Arts. 1606) 22 F. 1619) XV. Form a) Rules governing the formal validity of wills (Arts. 782) II. When succession occurs (Art. Public Land Law. 777) C. devisees. Wills 1. 786) (ii) Rules of construction and interpretation (Arts. legatees (Art. Period of redemption (Art. Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 811) e) Joint wills (Arts. Definition/what is transmitted (Arts. 810-814) (a) Requirements in case of alterations (Art. 805-806 (ii) Special rules for handicapped testators (Arts.15. 796-803) a) Age requirement (Art. General Provisions (Arts. 8792). 1602) E. The Condominium Act (R. 804) (i) In writing (ii) Language/dialect requirement c) Notarial wills (i) Arts. Legal redemption (Art. 17. Codicils (Arts.D. 1602-1604) D. Kinds of successors: heirs.
924-959) III. 970-977) B. Institution of heirs (Arts. 887-903) 3. Definition (Art. 828-834) a) Kinds (Art. Preterition (Art. 978-1014. Incorporate by reference (Art. 827) 6. 857) 2. 886-914) 1. 863-866. Right of representation (Arts. Concept – Art. Simple substitution (Art. 992) IV. res judicata on formal validity b) Grounds for denying probate (Art. 855.a) Definition and formal requirements 5. 919) (i) Reconciliation (Art. Disinheritance a) Disinheritance for cause (Art. 923) b) Disinheritance without cause (Art. Relationship (Arts. 839) B. Fideicommissary substitution (Arts. 869) D. Preterition vs. Definition (Art. 858-860) 3. Reserva troncal (Art. Right of accretion (Arts. 906-918 24 C. 922) (ii) Rights of descendants of person disinherited (Art. 10151105) A. devisees only entitled to completion of legitime 2. 891) 4. 960-1014) A. 960-969) 1. 838) (i) Issues to be resolved in probate proceedings (Art. Definition and requisites (Arts. Legitime (Arts. 838-839) a) Probate requirement (Art. 963-969) 2. 854 3. Revocation (Arts. 830) 7. Conditional testamentary dispositions and testamentary dispositions with a term (Arts. Allowance and disallowance of wills (Arts. 839) (a) Exceptions: when practical considerations demand the intrinsic validity of the will be resolved (ii) Effect of final decree of probate. Substitution of heirs (Arts. Compulsory heirs and various combinations (Arts. Compulsory heirs in the direct line 4. General provisions (Arts. Disposition less than legitime/donation inter vivos – Arts. 857-870) 1. Legal or Intestate Succession (Arts. 859) 4. 871-885) E. 918) 5. Legacies and devisees (Arts. 886) 2. 1015-1023) 1. 1015-1016) . 840-856) 1. 854) a) Definition b) Requisites c) Effects (i) Effects of preterition. Order of intestate succession (Arts. Kinds (Arts. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession (Arts.
Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons V. Effects of partition (Arts. How limited partnership is formed/amended C. Implied Agency IV. 1078-1105) 1. Elements C. 1097. General vs. Dissolution (Art. Contract of Partnership A. 1104-1105) 25 Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. 1080) 2. Universal vs. 1058-1060). Acceptance and repudiation of the inheritance (Arts. 1079. Unworthiness vs. 908-910. Partition inter vivos 3. Professional partnership J. Agency Couched in General Terms VII. Collation (Arts. General vs. 1800-1803) II. Disinheritance C. Rights and Obligations of Principal X. 1877-1878) A. Persons incapable of succeeding (Arts. 1883) III. Capacity to succeed by will or intestacy (Arts. 1027. 1091. Partition (Arts. Rights and obligations of a limited partner Exclude: Questions requiring application of SEC opinions or regulations AGENCY I.B. Definition 26 B. Modes of Extinguishment 27 . Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves IV. Partnership by estoppel H. which will be covered under Remedial Law PARTNERSHIP I. Definition of Agency II. Partnership v. 1927-1930) XI. To bind principal (Arts. 1830) VI. Agency by Estoppel V. Agency by Operation of Law IX. Rights and Obligations of Partnership III. How partnership is formed E. Limited G. Management (Arts. 1897-1902) B. Joint venture I. Particular. Rules to determine existence D. Definition B. Limited Partnership A. Partnership term F. 739. Powers (Arts. 1024-1040) 1. Irrevocable Agency (Arts. Partition and distribution of estate (Arts. Special Agency VI.1041-1057) D. 1100. 1061-1062) E. Exception (Art. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney VIII. Express vs. 1032) 2.
2112. 2096) G. Rights of pledgor F. Perfection (Arts. 2093. Judicial deposit III. Concurrence and Preference of Credits A. Mutuum B. Obligations of antichretic creditor VII. Preferred credits on specific movables C. Insolvency Law . Real Mortgage A. 2140. Interest and the suspension of usury law II. Distinguished from chattel mortgage (Arts. Legal and judicial bonds IV. Definition and characteristics B. Loan A. Chattel Mortgage A. 2035) III. Voluntary deposit B. Kinds C. Definition and characteristics B. Definition (Art. 2121-2122) I. Effect (Arts. Definition and characteristics B. Essential requirements D. Foreclosure VI. Extinguishment of guaranty D. 1484) V. Registration VIII. 2115) H.COMPROMISE I. Meaning of concurrence and preference B. Pledge by operation of law (Art. Exempt property D. Essential requisites C. Commodatum vs. Void Compromise (Art. 2037. Quasi-contracts A. Solutio indebiti 29 IX. Guaranty and Suretyship A. Classification of credits E. Nature and extent of guaranty B. 2028) II. Necessary deposit C. Effects of guaranty C. Order of preference of credits X. Obligation of pledge E. Definition B. Foreclosure (Arts. 2041) CREDIT TRANSACTIONS I. Pledge 28 A. Obligations of bailor and bailee C. Deposit A. Antichresis A. Negotiorum gestio B.
Voluntary dealings B. Registration C. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Obligation in case of death/injury of laborers VIII. Voluntary insolvency D. Individuals and corporations IV.A. Involuntary dealings VI. Concept B. Torrens System A. time immemorial possession III. Contract for Piece of Work LAND TITLES AND DEEDS I. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee V. Involuntary insolvency Exclude: Warehouse Receipts Law. Citizenship Requirement A. 141 3. Dealings with Unregistered Lands Exclude: 1. Lease of Work or Services III. Lease of Things II. Subsequent Registration A. 8371 B. Definition of insolvency B. Certificate of title II. 1529 31 2. Concept of native title. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds .D. Suspension of payments C. Usury Law LEASE I. Original Registration A. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands VI. Registration process and requirements C. Non-registrable Properties VII. Registration of judgments. Remedies D. Concept and background B. History of land laws 2.A. Prohibitions 30 IV. Under C. Effects C. Under R. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands A. Under P. Qualified persons B. Registration of patents 6. Contract of Labor A. orders and partitions 4. Assurance fund 5. Household Service VII. Regalian Doctrine A. Cadastral registration V. Who may apply 1.A.
218-219. Joint tortfeasors (Art. Natural persons 2. In general a) Quasi-delicts under Art. Liability without fault D. negligent and strict liability B. Juridical persons B. Act of Omission and Its Modalities A. elements B. Concept . definition (ii) Distinguished from culpa contractual and culpa criminal b) Indirect liability for intentional acts c) Presumption of negligence on persons indirectly responsible d) Nature of liability. In particular a) Parents b) Guardians c) Owners and managers of establishments and enterprises d) Employers (i) Meaning of employers (ii) Requisites (a) Employee chosen by employer or through another (b) Services rendered in accordance with orders which employer has authority to give (c) Illicit act of employee was on the occasion or by reason of the functions entrusted to him (d) Presumption of negligence (iii) Employer need not be engaged in business or industry (iv) Defense of diligence in selection and supervision (v) Nature of employer’s liability e) State f) Teachers and heads of establishments of arts and trades C. 221 (i) Elements. Acts contrary to law 32 E. Classification of Torts A. and the Family Code. Concept of act V. According to manner of commission: intentional. 2194.7. Principles A. The direct tortfeasor 1. Arts. Proximate Cause A. Acts contrary to morals II. Abuse of right. According to scope: general or specific III. joint or solidary? 2. Civil Code) 33 IV. TORTS AND DAMAGES Book I--Torts I. Consultas. The Tortfeasor A. Persons made responsible for others 1. 2180. Unjust enrichment C.
Cause in fact 1. Cause vs. Distinguished from remote and concurrent B. Distinguished from immediate cause 4.1. Condition F. Violation of right or legal injury D. Definition 2. Efficient intervening cause E. Classes a) Interference with persons and property (i) Physical harms (ii) Non-physical harms b) Interference with relations B. Injury to property 3. Concurrent causes C. Test 3. Classes of injury 1. Foreseeability D. Legal Injury A. Civil Code) (i) Battery (physical injury) (ii) Assault (grave threat) c) False imprisonment (illegal detention) d) Trespass to land (i) Concept (ii) Elements e) Interference with personal property (i) Trespass to chattels (ii) Conversion 2. Intentional non-physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds . Interference with rights to persons and property 1. Elements of right C. Natural and probable consequences 2. Intentional physical harms a) General (i) Concept (ii) Kinds b) Violation of persons security. Injury to relations VII. physical injuries (Art. Distinguished from intervening cause 5. Last clear chance VI. General 1. Substantial factor test 2. 33. Intentional Torts 34 A. Concept 2. Legal cause 1. Injury to persons 2. Concept B.
Economic relations a) Interference with contractual relations b) Unfair competition 5. Negligence A. General 35 a) Concept b) Kinds 2. Art. Art. 32) b) Violation of other political rights (freedom of speech. Social relations a) Meddling with or disturbing family relations b) Intriguing to cause another to be alienated from his friends 4.b) Violation of personal dignity c) Infliction of emotional distress d) Violation of privacy (i) Appropriation (ii) Intrusion (iii) Public disclosure of private facts (iv) False light in the public eye e) Disturbance of peace of mind f) Malicious prosecution g) Defamation (i) Defenses (a) Absence of elements (b) Privilege h) Fraud or misrepresentation (formerly deceit) i) Seduction j) Unjust dismissal C. Standard of care . Good father of a family or reasonably prudent man C. Interference with relations 1. Family relations a) Alienation of affection b) Loss of consortium c) Criminal conversation (adultery) 3. 429) (iv) Defense of property (v) Authority of law c) Prescription d) Waiver e) Force majeure VIII. press.) 6. Concept B. Political relations a) Violation of right to suffrage (Civil Code. assembly and petition. Defenses a) Absence of element b) Privilege (i) Consent (ii) Self-defense and defense of others (iii) Necessity (Civil Code. etc.
Provinces. and 1150) h) Waiver i) Double recovery (Civil Code. Animals 1. Presumption of negligence 1. Arts. 2177) IX. Defenses 1. 7394. 694-707) 1. General 1. Special Liability in Particular Activities A. Complete a) Absence of element (i) Due diligence (ii) Acts of public officers b) Accident or fortuitous event c) Damnum absque injuria d) Authority of law e) Assumption of risk f) Last clear chance g) Prescription (Civil Code. Art. Public nuisance and private nuisance 3. Nuisance (Civil Code. Violation of civil liberties E. Unreasonable risk of harm E. Classes a) Per se or per accidents b) Public or private 2. Emergency rule D. Res ipsa loquitur G. Head of family 37 X. Consumer act . Concept B. Art. Evidence 36 F. 1173 2. 1)] C. Attractive nuisance D. Strict Liability A. cities and municipalities G.1. Owner of motor vehicle H. Easement against nuisance C.A. Civil Code. Manufacturers or processors a) Elements b) Consumer Act [R. 1144. (Ch. Secs. 1146. Violation of constitutional rights 1. 92-107. Products liability (supra) 1. Nuisance per se and nuisance per accidence 2. Violation of rights committed by public officers F. Possessor and user of an animal B. Legal provisions 2. Nuisance (supra) 1. Arts. Proprietor of building or structure or thing I. Products liability 1.
In criminal offenses (Civil Code. 2217-2218) B. Concept B. Arts. Moral Damages 38 A. 26. Not speculative C. 2229) B. When recoverable (Arts. In contracts and quasi-contracts (Civil Code. Special and ordinary II. Nominal Damages A. 3. In seduction. Requisites 1. 2230) 2. Art. Component elements 1. 2233. Alleged and proved with certainty 2. Actual and Compensatory Damages A. When awarded V. 28. 2219-2220) 1. rape and other lascivious acts 2. In crimes and quasi-delicts III. In cases of malicious prosecution IV. 2226) B. Concept B. Damages in Case of Death A. Art. Classification 1. In death caused by breach of conduct by a common crime IX. In crimes and quasi-delicts causing death 1. 2197 of the Civil Code 2. 34 & 35. Requisites 1. When recovered 1. 29.Book II--Damages I. Value of loss. Rules governing in case of breach of contract VII. Exemplary or Corrective Damages A. Concept B. Duty of injured party 1. 2231) 3. 32. Graduation of Damages 39 A. unrealized profit 2. Concept (Civil Code. According to purpose 3. Under Art. Art. General Considerations A. 2234 VIII. 21. Art. Art. When awarded VI. 2232) C. Temperate or Moderate Damages A. In contracts and quasi-contracts 2. Attorney’s fees and expenses of litigation 3. Concept (Arts. 27. 2203 . In quasi-delicts (Civil Code. Concept (Civil Code. Liquidated Damages A. Art. According to manner of determination 4. In acts referred to in Arts. abduction. Interest D. Civil Code. Extent or scope of actual damages 1.
Art. 2227) 5. temperate. 2012. Actual and liquidated (Art. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. Rules 1. In quasi-delict (Civil Code. liquidated or compensatory C. 2214) 3. Compromise X. Exemplary with moral. Damages that must co-exist 1. Art.B. doctrines. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. In crimes 2. Liquidated damages (Civil Code. Nominal with other damages (Art. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. Damages that must stand alone 1. quasi-contracts and quasi-delicts (Civil Code. 2223) 2. Damages that cannot co-exist 1. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. Miscellaneous Rules A. Art. 2226) B. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. In contracts. Nominal damages (Art. 2215) 4. .
. 2223) Exclude: Distinction between tort and quasi-delict Include: Pertinent Supreme Court decisions promulgated up to January 31. Exemplary with moral. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. 2012. Damages that must stand alone 1. Nominal damages (Art.1. doctrines. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. temperate. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. liquidated or compensatory C. Important note: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects.
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