House and home

Vocabulary

English

Unless you live in a block of flats or a bungalow, British houses normally have two or three floors or stories. On the ground floor you're likely to find the living room, kitchen and dining room, while on the first floor you'll probably find bedrooms and a bathroom. On the second or top floor is the attic, or loft. On the roof of many houses you can still see a chimney and chimney pot - even if the house now benefits from central heating. The floors of a house are connected by stairs, with a landing on the upper floor which leads to the upstairs rooms. Most British houses are made of brick and cement. In a row of terrace houses, the interconnecting walls are cavity walls: they have a space between them to allow air to circulate. On the interiors, the walls are covered in plaster, and then either painted or decorated with wallpaper. The internal walls of a house fall into two categories: load-bearing walls and partition walls. Floors and roofs are supported by strong beams, which are long, heavy pieces of wood or metal. Floors can be covered in a variety of materials, such as wood, parquet, marble, laminate flooring or ceramic- or vinyl tiles. In living rooms and bedrooms, the floors generally covered with carpets.

This is a _______________

This is a _______________

Houses are normally connected to local utilities, such as mains water, electricity, district heating and gas supply. It is also possible in Finland to have a broadband Internet connection as a part of the utilities in newly built homes. In the countryside, not everyone is connected to mains gas, and some houses have gas tanks in their gardens. The vast majority of people are connected to the local sewage system, but some people have their own septic tanks in their gardens to treat waste water. Houses that are connected to utilities have separate meters to show how much they consume. Representatives of these utility companies visit houses regularly to take meter readings - with which they can then bill their customers.

This is a _______________

This is a _______________

This is a _______________
English materials by Veronica Gilhooly © Learnwell Oy 2008 www.thelanguagemenu.com

This is an _______________
Vocabulary Page 1

House and home

Vocabulary

English

Some electrical jobs, such as wiring or rewiring should only be done by professional electricians, although you can still change a plug, or change a socket. For safety reasons, the wiring in the house is on more than one circuit: lighting usually is on one circuit, and the sockets are on another circuit. Some plumbing jobs should also be done by professional plumbers. For example, although you can change taps, you should get a professional to install a gas boiler. Some building work can be done without supervision. Many people enjoy doing DIY, such as putting up shelves, fitting cupboards and doors, assembling furniture and so on. However, for the big jobs, such as loft conversions and building extensions, you need to first apply for and obtain planning and building permission from the local authorities then employ a firm of builders. Mark the a) window sill b) pane c) muntin d) window frame

In Britain, damp winter weather causes many problems to houses. For example, some houses can suffer from damp, mould or dry rot, caused by water seeping into walls and timber. For this reason, houses have gutters and some may need regular damp proof treatment. Window sills and window frames should be made waterproof and most people have central heating via radiators to keep the air inside warm and dry. Special thermostats set on the wall help to regulate the temperature in the room. In addition, most people have insulation in the loft to keep warm air in, and cold air out.

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English materials by Veronica Gilhooly © Learnwell Oy 2008 www.thelanguagemenu.com

Vocabulary Page 2

House and home

Vocabulary

English

What are the different types of houses called?

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What do the following words mean?
residential area rural area urban area in the outskirts of… in the suburbs… _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Translate the following words related to houses: patio driveway _____________________ _____________________ roof ceiling threshold rail _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________
Vocabulary Page 3

bay window _____________________ lawn _____________________

English materials by Veronica Gilhooly © Learnwell Oy 2008 www.thelanguagemenu.com

House and home

Vocabulary
Which words are related?

English

a study, a court room, a parking place, a restaurant, a morgue, a drawer, a stockexchange floor, a nursery, a nursing home, an office, a stage, a surgery, an igloo, a saloon, a castle, a warehouse, a closet, a cell, a shed, a kitchen, a waiting room, a mess, a greenhouse, a locker room, a staffroom, a barn, a stadium, a cockpit, a pub, a cardboardbox , a darkroom ,a monastery, a cafeteria, a stable, an OR, a convent
a toddler a prisoner a trader a secretary a teacher a gardener a corpse a surgeon a knife a sailor an athlete a pilot a nurse a nun = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ an actor a novelist a chef a deliveryman a patient a carpenter a photographer a waitress a jester a cowboy a football player a farmer a horse a wino a barmaid a meter maid a monk a wheelbarrow = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________ = ________________

a head waiter = ________________ an attorney an Eskimo the elderly = ________________ = ________________ = ________________

http://www.english-at-home.com/real-life-english/house-vocabulary/ Images from google images English materials by Veronica Gilhooly © Learnwell Oy 2008 www.thelanguagemenu.com Vocabulary Page 4

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