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Operating and Maintenance lnstructions

Model Series 170400, 171400,1 90400, 195400

BRIGGS & STRATTON

Brigqs & Stratlon Corporation


Milwaukee. Wisconsin 53201

FOFf.r' NO

?i0367 4136

wARNING:0O NOT RUN THE ENGINE lN

AN

2. A.N.S-|- Slandard Salety Specilications

ENCLOSED AREA. b(hausl gases conlain carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly poison,
A FIRE OR EXPLOSION CANOCCUR RESULTING IN PERSONAL INJURY IF THE FOLLOWNG INSTRUC. TIONS ARE NOT FOLLOWED:

ior rotary power lawn mowersspeciiya rnarimum blade lip speed ol 19,000lee1 per minute (96.5 melers per second), primarily lo reduce the danger trom

3.

Do norlamperwilh lheengine speed selected by the original equipment manufacturer. DO NOTTOUCH hol mufilers, cylinders orfins as conlacl may cause burns.

1.

DO NOT FILL GASOLINE TANK whils engrne is

running. Allow ngine to cool lor lwo minuls


blor retueling,
5.

2- Do not operale lhe engine when a6 odor ol


gasoline is presenl or other explosive condilions
6.

Dirlahd grassclippingsorotherdebras, in cooling lins or govemor parls can aflecl engine speed. See claning inslruclions in MAINIENANCE

TO PREVEN] HAND OR ARM INJURY, always


pull slartercord rapidlylo avoid kickbacki starling engine with a loose bladeorwithoula blade may .6use a severc kickback.

3.

ll gasoline is spilled, move machine away from the area ol lhe spilland avoid creating gly soLrrce of ignilion untilthe gasoline has evaporated.

7.

ALWAYS KEEP HANDS AND FEET CLEAR OF I\,IOVING OR ROIATING PARTS,

4. DO NOT STORE, SPILL OR USE

GASOLINE NEAR AN OPEN FLAME, or devices such as a stove, ,urnace, waler healer which ulilize a pilot lighl. or devices which can creale a spsrk.

8.

TO PREVENT ACCIOENIAL STAFTING when servicing the engine or equipmenl, always remov6lhespark plug orwirel.om lhe spark plug and inserl in holding lab shown on page 3Disconneclnegativewi.elrombatleryterminal,il
equipped wilh a 12 volt siarting system.

5- Reluel outdoors prelerably. or only in well

6. DO NOT OPERATE ENGINE WITHOUT


place, it necessary.

IVHEN WOBXING OI{ EOUIPiIENT

[,IUFFLEB. lnspecl mulfler periodically and re-

DO NOT STRIKE FLYWHEEL with a hard objecl or melal tool as this may cause llywheel to shaner in

oporalion, causing personal injury or properly


damag6, To remove llywheel, use Eriggs & Slrallon approvd tools only.
IN ITTEREST OF EI{VIRO}IMENT

7. Periodically clean the mutller arsa lo prvenl grass, dirl and combuslibl malerial trom accumulating.

8. DO NOT use lhis engine on any forest covered.


brush covered orgrasscovered unimprovd land unless a spark arresler is altached to lhe muJJler,

'HE A mulller which leaks because of rusl or da mage can


permil an increased exhausl noise level. Therefore, e)(amine the muttler periodically to be sure il js
lunctioning eflectively. To purchasea new muffler, see SERVICE AND REPAIR INFORMATION,

9. DONOToperaletheengineilaircleanerorcover
direclly over the carburelor air inlake is removed.

10. DO NOT choke ca6ureto. to slop the engine.

CAUIION OO NOT RUN ENGINE AT

EXCESSIVE

SPEEDS. Operaling an engine a! excessiv speds increasss the dsnger ol personaliniury.

Itlhis engine is not equipped wilh a spark '.tr arreslerand islo beused on anytoreslcovered. brush covred, or grass covered unimproved land, belore using on such land a spark arresler musl beadded lo

i)tl:

th6 multler. The arrester must be maintained in


elfective working order by the operalor. ln the Slate ol Calilornialheabove isrequired by law(Section 4442 of the Calilornia Public Resources Code). Other slales may have similar laws. Fedelal laws apply on ledera lands. See your Aulhori/ed &iggs I Slratlon Seru,ce Cenler lor spark arresler muttler oplions.

1. DO NOT TAMPER wlTH GOVERNOR SPRINGS,


GOVERNOR LINKS OR OTHER PABTS WHICH

MAY INCREASE THE GOVERNED ENGINE


SPEED.

THIS SYMBOL ANO/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE


ARE FOLLOWED CAREFULLY.

MEANS

I\,4AY

I TL Il]I], PERSONAL INJURY OCCUR UNLESS INSTRUCTIONS

Briggs & Stratton Service Center, To sewe you promptly and eflicienly,lhe Servics Contsr will nd lhe model. type and code nufiber on your engi e. Each Authorized Srvice Center ca.ds a slock ol

It service or repeir is needed, coniact an Aulhorized

Your nearest service center b listed ln th "Yellow Pages" under "Engins, Gasoline" or "Gasoline Engines". He is one of over 25.fi)0 authorized dealers avarlable to serve

original Briggs E Stratlon repair parls end 13 equipped with speclal srvlc6 tools, Traln6cl
mechanica asaureoxperl ropair servic on all Big93 I Stratlon enginee Major engine repaiB should nol b6 alt6mpted unlss you have the propertools and a lhorough knowledge of internal combuslion engine repair procedure.

ThB illuslratd book includs

"Thori$ ot Operation", oominlornetion coverlng lh adiu3tment. tun-up and repaiT procedures tor 2 through 16 H.P. single gylinder. 4 cycle models. lt is available from sny
Authorized Briggs & Slratlon
Numbr 270962.
lnon 3pciticslion3 end dlelld

Srvice Center. Ordr a8 Parl

This engine is a single-cylinder L'head, air-cooled


type.

iIODEL SERIES t 70400 and '171400


Bore. . . . . . . . . . Stroke .. .. .. ..
... .. .. .. .. .. .. ... .

WAFNING: For eleclricai salely, always remove cable lrom negalive G) side of lhe batlery belore attempting any repairs or haintenance.
STORAGE I}ISTRUCTIONS

Horsepower Max. ..... . . .. .. .. Torque (Fl. Lbs.) Max. Bore.

Displacemenl

.......

..

.. .. ..

.
.

. 3" (75-20 mm) 2-318" (60.33 mm)


1

16.79 cu. in. (275.1 cc)

...........

..

7.0 @ 3600 RPM 1.0 @ 2600 RPM

Engines to be stored over 30 day6 should be completely dralned ol fuel lo prvent gum dpo3ils lorming on $sntial carbu.etor p6rlq ful lilter and lank. NOTE:Theuse ol a tu6l add itive, suchasSTA-8lL@. or an equivalent willminimize lhe formalion ot luelgum cleposits during storage, Such an additivs may be added to lhegaso ine in lheluellank oflheengine, or to lhe gasoline in a storage conlainer.

. 3 (76.20 mm) . 2-314 (69.85 mm) Displacement 19.44 cu. in. (318.5 cc) Horsepower M6x... -..,.....,.,.. 8.0 @ 3600 RPM Torqu (Fl. Lbs.)Ma(. .........,. 12.7 @ 2500 RPM
Slroke
... .. .. .. ..-.-.. .. .. .. .. ..-. .. .-.. .. ..-.. .. .. .. .. ..

iIODEL SERIES 19q00 and 19s400

a. Alllu6lshould be removed fiom thtank. Run lhe


ngine unlil it stops from lack ol lu|. b. whi16ngine i3 stillwafin, drain olltrom cr6nkcaSe. Refill wilh lresh oil-

The horsepower ralings llsted arc establlshed ln accordance with the Soc'ely ol Aulomolive Enginoers Test Code-J607- For praclical operalion, the horcepower loading should nol exceed 85%oftheseralings. Engine power will decrease 3-1l2 for each 1,000 leet (304.8 m) above sea level and 1% lor each l0o
above 60' F (160 C).
ln some aree8, locallaw requires the usg ola r6i8lor

c, Femovesparkplug,pourapproximalelyl/2ounc
(15 cc) ot engine oil inlo cylinder and crank slowly lo distribute oil. Replace spark plug.

d. Clean dirt and chall from cylinder, cylinder head


lins, blower housing, rolaling screen and mulller

e. Slore in a clean and dry area.


WPICAL WIRING DIAGRAi'S

spark plug so es lo suppress ignilion signals. ll an engino was originally 6quippd wilh a rsistor spa* pluq. be surc lo use lhe sam lyp ol spark plug tor
TUNE.UP SPECIFICATIONS Spark Pluo TvDe Chamoion Shorl Plug cJ-8 Long Phrg J-8 RCJ.8 Resislor Shod Plug Resislor Long FJ-8

Autolite
235 295

Plug Spark Plug Gap

245
306

lnlake Valve Clearance . .. . ExhaustValve Clearance ..

.030" (.76 mm) .005"-.007" (.13-.18 mm) .009"-.011" (.23-.28 mm)

?sdo..el 3,305.??3 x7.5,303 107i,353 ..?330.3 x19a.224 1.3r,60. 1312,1! !.6!O3sa &0cr,72a .,r3A,?A3 .,?7050

3rra.39 3!.45.740 x!23orl 3,r3r343 3,93,35. .,i490&

AEAO THE OPERATiNG INSTRUCTIONS OF rHF EOUIPMENT THtS Et!c \E pOWEFS

FUEL NECOMMENOATIONS

SF, SE. SD or SC. Detergenr orts keep the e^gine cleaner and rerard the tormation of gum and varnish deposits. No specia additives shoutd be used with
RECOMMENDEO SAE VISCOSITY GRAOES

otL RECOmMENOArlOiIS Nole: Engln. b lhlpped lfltHOUT oit. Usea hrgh q ua rrty dtergent otr ctassitied ForService

Ourengines will operale satislactorityon any gasotine inlended lor aulomotave use. DO NOT MtX OtL WtTH
GASOLINE

I
(
rhn"i
.rr.oraraure
a

gasoline. Leacld gasoline may be used if lead,tree is nol available, A minimum ol 77 octane is recommended. The use ol lead-freegasoline resutts in fewer combuslion deposits and longer valve tite. NOTE: We DO NOT recommend lhe use ol gasotine which conlains alcohol, such as gasohot. However, il gasoline wilh alcohol is used, it MUST NOT contain lnorethan 10 percent Ethanotand MUSI buremoved
trom theengineduring srorage. DO NOt usegasotine containing Methanol. SeeSTORAGE tNSTRUCTIONS.

We recommend lhe use ol clean, tresh, tead-tree

DO NOT lill tuel tank to poinl rl ovedlowing. Allow approximately 1 /4' of tan,< space forfuel

svnna

o.;iiul,*da"no sw.: w :oo


if 10W-30 is
not
TYP AND COOE NIJMBENS ON BLOWEB HOUS NG

NOTE: 10W-40 oit may be used


TO FILL CBANKCASE WITH OIL

Place engine level. C ean area around oit lil belore removing oil ti I ptug or oit-minder, OIL FILL PLUG. Bemove oit titt plug or (optionat)oitmrnder. Fill crankcase to point ot overttowina. POUR Sl OWLY. Capac'ty approtimarety 2-3l4 pints (j.3 lilers) Beplace orl nllpluq or oit-mrnder.

EXIENDED OIL FtLL (Optaonat). Remove cap and dipsrick F|LL To FULL iitaRK on dipstick, pouR SLOWLY Capacrty apDroxrnarety 2-3ld pinls tt 3 lilers) Whencfeckrngor tev. pu sh or screw drpstick assembly lirmly but sowty unlitcap bo[oms on lube.
OO NOT OVERFILL. Dipsrick assembty must be se, curely assembled into ube at a trmes when enorne ,s operaling.

CHARGE BATTEFY

Charge batiery betore use on engines equipped wilh (OPTIONALj '2 volt etectric srader moror See equrpmenl manulaclurers recommendations.
FORM NO 270367-4/86

Starl, slore and fue engine in a level position.

DO NOT use a pressurized sladng lluid as severe internal engine dam6ge may occur due lo loss ot
lubrication.
OPEN FUEL VALVE

SPEEO CONTROL LEVER: Move speed conlrol lever to "RlJN. "FAST" or"START" posilion ilso equippd.

on ensines so equrpped.

TYPICAI SPEED CON]FOLS

:")

TO START ENGINE

WABNING: ALWAYS KEEP HANOSAND FEET .CLEAR OF IVOWER BLADE OR OTHER


ROTATING [,4ACHINERY. CHOKE ENGINE: Engine may beequipped wilh ith6rmanual, 16mol or

choke-a-matic conlrols.
MANUAL CHOKE: Move ever as illuslraled.

Fewind St6rler. Grasp slertergip a3 illuslrated and pullslowly until starter ngages. Then pull

cord rapidly to overcome compression, prevenl kickback and start engine. Bepeat il necessary wilh choke opened slighlly. when
engine starts, open choke gradually.
Rope Starler, Wind th6

sla er rope around lhe

compression and provent kickback. Repeal il necessary with choke opened slightly. when engine stads, open choke gradually.

pulley in dir6clion shown by arrow. Pull lhe rope wilh e quick lullam slroko lo overcome

CHOKE-A-MATIC CONTROLS: ov conlrols as lar as possible loward "CHOKE'or "START".

TYPICAI CONTFOI STOP SWTCH:Move STOP switch away trom spark plug or to ON" position as illustraied, if so equipped.

CAt TION: Whn using rope starter lo crank engin, use caulion so knolled end ol rope does nol strik6 prsons standing nearbyElgctric Starter. T!rn key lo "STAnT" position and/or press starler butlon on powered equipmnt, The bsl starler liJe is providsd by using shortstanlng cyclsot several secondS, Prolongd cranking can damagethe

starler molor it crankd more than

l5

seconds per

minule. When engine slarls, open choke gradually.

NOIEi A warm engine requires lss choklng lhan a


cold engine, NOTE: Engine may noi slarl if conlrols on powered equipment do nol close choke lully. See AOJUSTt.4ENT seclion.

BUrroN

ffi*i
.F,
sunrrn

\l

TYPICAI SwlTCH

CAU]ION: The 120 voll eleclric slarler is equipped wilh a lhree-prong plug tor your safely. ll a longer extension cord is used, it should also have threeprong and three-hole plugs.

5, A warm baltery has much more slaning capacit than a cold ball6ry.

6. Use lresh winter grade fuel.


NOTE: Winter grade gasoline has higher volatility to

improve slarling. Do nol use gasoline llt over lrom

TO STOP EI{GI}IE Move conkol lo slow, then "STOP" or


It so

"OFF posilion. equipped, lurn keyorswitchto STOP"o. 'OFF" posalion, Do notchoke lhe carburelorlo slop engine,

NOTE: ll luel drips oul of carbu relor whilelrying to slart engine, the eng ine is over-choked. Pull slarter several times or actuale starter swilch wilh choke open.

When equipment is nol in operation, provide proleclion from di.ecl exposur to weathr,

colo wEltHER
1.

ge sure to uge th propr oil lor th tmperaturc


CAUT ON: Always remove key lrom switch when leaving mower unatlended or when mower is not in

st

nTrNG Hrr{ts

2. Oeclutch all possible exiernal loads. 3. Sel speed convol al part-lhrottle posilion. 4. A sllghtly .ichr lul mixture. obleind by luming

carburelor n66dl valv 1 /8 lurn counlrclockwis, will usually improve cold starling.

transporled to preventluel leakage lrom carburetor.

NOTE: Close luel shut-oll valve when onqine is

cAUTloN: TO PREVENT

AGCIDENTAL STARTING when servicing the engin or equipment, always removo th spark plug or wke lrom lhe spark plug and insert in holding
tab shown on page 3. Disconnectneoalive wire

Remove oil drain plug and drain oil while engine is wann- Replace drain plug. Remove oil lill plug, oilminde.. or cap and dipslick and relill with new oil ol proper gred. Roplaco oil lill plug, oil-minder or cap
and dipstick.

lrom batlery terminal it equipped wilh 12 volt


starting syslem.

gEEgIlllLtEyE!

CHA GE OIL (GEAR REDUCTION optional). Remove oillev6lplug and oiltill plug. Orain oilevery 100 hourc

rgularly stlr each live hours ol opTaIion. BE SUBE OIL LEVEL IS MAINTAINED,

CHANGE OIL aller tirsl live hours oloperalion. Thereafter change engine oil every 5() hours ol operalion, under normal operating condilions- Change eng ine oil every 25 hours of operation il the engine is operated

ol operatlon. To reJill, pour '10W-30 oil into liller hole untilil runs oul levelcheck hole. Replace bolh pl!gs. Oillillplug hasavenl holeand muslbe installed on lop

under heavy lo6d, or in high ambienl temperalures.

TO SERVICE AIR CLEAIIERS CARTAIDGE AIR CLEAI'IER Bemove and clean canridge yearly or after every 25

1.

Bemove wing nut and cover

2 Remove air cleaner carelully lo prevenl dirt trom

entering carburelor.
3. Take air cleaner aparland clean. a. WASH loam elemenl in keroseneorliquid doter-

hours- whichever occurs lirsl. Service more ollen il necessary. clean by lapping genlly on llal su ac6, lf very dirty, replace carlridge, or wash in a low or non-

sudsing delergenl and warm waler solulion. Rinse lhoroughly with llowing water lrom inside out unlil
waler is clear. Cartridge musl be allowed lo sland and air dry !!919!9[! belore usins.

genl6nd wal6r to remove dirt. b, Wrap ,oam in clolh and squeeze dry. c. Saturate loam with enoine oil. Squeeze to
remove excess oil.

cAuTloNr Petroleum solvents, such as kerosene, are nol io be used to clean cartridge- They may cause delerioralion ol lhe cartridge. DO NOT OIL CARTRIDGE. DO NOT USE PRESSURIZEDAIR TO CLEAN OR ORY CARTRIDGE.

4. Reassemble parts and lasten lo carburelor.

ruPtEBr

_ .dvFA --4_

-*a, z-:_-\
t

*"'ffi
OUAL ELEMENT AIA CLEAIIEF

*-.11?I*"\-2

lt

)-a-r

*--)

W'

FEMOVE COMaUsrloN oEPOSITS eve.y 100-300 hours ol operalion. Remove cylinde. head and cylinder head shield. Scrape and wire brush the combuslion deposils lrom cylinde., cylinder head, lop ol piston and around valves. use a soll brush to remove deposilsRe-assemble gaskel, cylinder head and cylinder had shield. Turn screws down linger lighl. wilh the three longer scrws a.ound lhe rhausl valve, il so qurp. p6d, Torque cylinder had scrows in a slaggred sequence to 140 inch pounds (15.82 Nm). Remove dirt and debriswilh a clolh CLEAN El{Gll{E or brush. Cleaning wilh a torcetu I spray of waler is nol

DUAL EIEI{ENT AN CIEANN (oPTtot{AL ox soME ooEls) Clean and re-oil toam pre-cleaner al lhree month intervals or every 25 hours, whichever occurs first

NOTE:Sewice more ollen under dusty conditions.

recommended as water could contaminate lhe luel


CLEAN COOLII{G SYSTEiI

1. Remove knob and cover. 2. Remove loam pre-cleanerbysliding itotflhe paper


carlridge.

clog lhe rotaling scr6n and the air cooling system,

Grass, chall or dirl may

3, a. Wash loam pre-cleaner


detergenl and waler.

especially etter prolonged service culling dry grass.


an

kerosene or liquid

Yearly or every 100 hours, whichevff occurs first,


remove th6 blower housing and clean lhe areas shown lo avoid ovrcpeeding. overhealing and engine demage- clean more often it necessary.

b. Wrap toam pre-cleaner in cloth and squeez

c. gelqets&erurg:glc3lslllrglcgLsqueeze
to remove excess oil.

4. lnstall loam pre-cleaner over paper carlridge. Reassemble cover and screw down tighl.
NOTE: Replace or clean carlridge included wilh DUA L ELEI\,{ENTAIF CLEANER yearlyorevery 100 hourses

!t
\-

described

in

CARTRIDGE AIA CLEANER. Service


WABNINGT Periodically clean mufller area to remove allgrass, dirtand combustible debris.

more ollen il neces$ry. TO SERVICE AIR CLEA}IER .OIL FOAM" AIR CLEANER Clean and re-oilloamelemenlorloampre-cleaneral

three monlh inlervals or every 25 hou.s, whichever


NOTE: Service more ollen under dusty condilions,

llengine SpARX ARRESTER EOUIPPEO UFFLER muffler isquipped with spa* arrslr screen assembly, remov very 50 hours lor cleaning and inspection. Feplac il damaged.

SPAnK pLUG

100 hours ol operation,

Cleen end rsetgap al.030" every

cauTtoNr Spa*ing can occur il wireterminal does nol lil lirmly on spark plug, or il stop switch vibEles againsl spark plug. Belorm lerminalor repair su,ilch il necessaryFUEL FILTER
screen and bowl every season.

Replace IN-LINE lilter

or

clean

NOTE: Oo nol blasl clsan spark plug. Spark plug should be cleaned by scraping or wire brushing end washing with a cornmercial solvent

CARBURETOR AOJUSTIIENTS Min or carburelor adjuslmenl may berequiredlo compensale lor dillerences in luel, lempe16lurg, allilud or

will nol accelerale properly,lh carburelor should bs


re-adjusled, usually to a slightly richer mixture. CO]{TROL AOJUSTMENTS Properchoke and stop swilch operation isdependent upon proper adjuslmenl of controls on the powered equipment.

load, NOTE| The air cleanr musl b assombled lo carburetorwhen running ongine,

Gently lurn valves clockwise onlil they j!9!close- Valves may be damaged by lurning them too far.

TO ADJUST CARBURETOR

Now open needlevalve

-1

/2 turnscounterclockwise

and idle valve one lurn. This initial adjuslment will permiilheengine to be started and warmed up priorto linal adiushenl.
IDTE SPEEO AOJUSIING SCREW

CO TROLS: Place lever on equipmenl in CHOKE (high speed) posilion. Loosen casing clamp screw B. [,4ovecasing ''a' and wire until lever "D" touches choke operating link al "C." Tighlen casing clamp scrw "8." Move lever to "STOP" position. Lever must make good conlacl with slop switch il so quippd.
TO ADJUST CHOKE.A.MATIC

NEEDLEVALVE (HGHSPEED)

FINAL AOJUST ET{T

Place speed control lever in "FAST" posilion. Turn needle valve in unlil engine slows (clockwise - lean mixture). Then lurn it out past smoolh operating point (rich maxture). Now turn needle valve to midpoint blween rich and lean. Next, adjusl idle RPM. Rolale lh rotlle counlerclockwise and hold againslstop while adiusting idle sped adjusling scre$/ lo oblain 175O RPl,{. Holding throtlle againsl idleslop,lurn idlevalve in (lean) and oul (rich). Sel at midpoint belween rich and ean. Recheck idle FPM. Release lhroltle. ll engine

SPEEO CO]ITROL ADJUSTiIENT The acceptableoperaling speed renge is 1800to 3600 RPM.ldlespeed is 1750 RPM-Tho manulacluret olths equipment on which the engine is used, specifies the top governed no load speed at which lhe engine may be operaled. DO NOT EXCEED this speed.

t,." t.