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6.
4.

1-Wire
2.

3.
4.
5.
5.


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photovoltaic,
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1.

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1000 W/m2.
.


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2.
- G2 V.
149.6106 km .
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1,35 kW/m2 (
). 5000 m2
.
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2.1.
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,
.
19891001024kg. 5,97361024kg.
/ 332 950. 1 41210 15

km2., 696 000 km.


/ 1 304 000[5].

( 20%).
0,3R.
, 15,71x106 K,
2,4771011bar 1,622105 kg/m3.
1038 -
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.
.
, 0,3R 0,7R . 0,7R
.
km/s,
.

.2

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- .

. 300km
.
1000 km, -
5 - 10 min.
.

4000 4500 10 -
.
,
.

.

(0.2 3 nm) .3.
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.3

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1000 W/m2 .

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kW/h.
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3.2.
1839 .,
,
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1905
1930, - .
, 6%
,
1954.,
1958. [9]
1954
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1958 .

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: 1016
1018 -3, 1021 1022,
1028.
.
Si
.
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.6

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zochralski.

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.9

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p , (Si+Al).
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.
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W = W +W
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= h ,
: h (h = 6,62 10-34J.s), .
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/ ( .10),
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.11

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.13

.13
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3.3.
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.14


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Iph, e

. 15

. P/n
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:
:
ID ;
IS ;
m m = 1...5VT ;

VT = 25,7mV 25C;
k k = 1,380658 10-23 JK-1;
T ; [T] = K = -273,15C;
e e = 1,60217733 10-19 As.

.
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RS.
RP.

.16

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(m>1).

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.
=430W/m2, T=300 K
(=26,850).

.18
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.
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.
15 V,
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2 , 30 W,

.

3.4.

, :
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

(S);
SI SU;
- ;
(I);
(U);
(Pmax);
();
();
().

,

.

( -
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2856 ). SI I :
SI= I /, [A/W]

. -
, I = f()

k=dI/d, [A/W]
(SI)
(SU)
-

.
.

(I = f(U)), -
-
. .

SI= I /
, :
Id = Is(eu/m-1)
: =T/11608;
Is - ;
m - ,

I : Id = IIs(eu/m-1)
-
.19 - ,
.
-
.
U
I = 0 .

.19

I

Id = IIs(eu/m-1)
U = 0.

U.I.
Um, - U-


R = Um/Im.

().
Pmax,
,
,
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,%
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, [W], S
[m2]. .20 -
.
(I, U)
m, ,
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:

.20
o
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[W/m2];
[0C];
R[?];
.


.
1010 cm ( 100 cm2), 1,3
1,5 W, 0,5 3
,

.21

.22

.23

1000Wm2. .21 ,
.

500Wm-2.[11]
,
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TC :

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0,35 - 0,45 %
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[m2].
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5,42. 10-10
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0,4 .
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G = 1000W/m2, ... 13 - 16 %,
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15 % ,
(85%) .
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5%.
.
CuSe2
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TiO2, ,
Gs,
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(I).
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...

3.6.
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0,3 W - 0,5 V.
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I1=I2= I36,
:

.25
36 . 0,5V
20V.

.25

.26

12 V
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.34

4.

.1
. :
1.
.
2. , .

,
Dallas Semiconductor Corp
.
4.1. 1-Wire

1-Wire Dallas
Semiconductor Corp BUS ,
Dallas Semiconductor, ,
, ,
, . 1-Wire

I C, - - .
,
.
1-Wire master
"MicroLan", .
BUS ,
: .

.35, .36, .37

.35

.37
.36
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.38

1-Wire , 1Wire . , 1-Wire


, 1-Wire
.
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.

1-Wire ,
, 1-Wire Bus.
, , , , ,
, .
Bus . USB, RS-232
MicroLan .
1-Wire , .
. ,
iButton , , ,
. iButton ,
.
Dallas Semiconductor ,
1-Wire-.
DS1410E , COM DS9097U
DS9097 , USB- DS9490R.
,
.
,
.
DS9097 (COM)
.39.

.39


.
4 SMD ( )
0,10., 2 MOSFET 0,09.
.

1-Wire-,
16,3 Kbit/s, ,
,
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,

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Kbit/s 1-Wire-
1m. , 1-Wire- 0,5

(Overdrive - 125 Kbit/s).
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iButton.

1-Wire-
,
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, 1-Wire-,
: Viewer
iButton .40 OneWireViewer .41. 1-Wire ,
, .

.40

.41

4.2.


1- Wire ,
Dual Addressable Switch 1kB DS2406, 16
(0-5V) DS2450, Smart
DS2438 (-55 +125C)
DS18B20
DS18B20

.42
DS18B20 9-bit 12-bit
Nonvolatile
. . DS18B20
1-Wire BUS,
( )
. -55 125
0,5 -10 +85 C. ,
DS18B20
(" "),
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DS18B20 1-Wire Bus. ,
DS18B20
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HVAC ,
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. .43
.

.43

DS2438

.44

DS2438 smart battery monitor ,


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-
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40 Nonvolatile EEPROM
,
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/ DS2438 1-Wire

DS2438 ,
DS2438 1-Wire Bus.

,
. .44 DS2438 .
45 .

.45

Dallas Semiconductor
- 10V DS2438.

50V.

Battery Management ICs


50V
, DS2438
.
10V.
.
.
.

, -
. DS2438
ESD
. .46.
.

.46

D2
DS2438. D2
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5,6 ,
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D2 , V
.
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R5 R6
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VAD :

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ESD
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DS2438 A / D .
VAD. D1
R4 ESD -DQ. 1

2, R2 R3
. C3 ,
IC's. R1
.
Dallas Semiconductor Battery Management IC
- .


. .

DS2450

.47
DS2450 1-Wire Quad A / D .47
-
.
, .
,
, BUS
master
. A / D BUS master.
,
. BUS master

. SRAM
,
1-Wire BUS -VCC.

1-Wire Bus

(2.56V - 5.12V),
( 1 16 )

5V,

: 2,5 mW , 25W

multidrop DS2450
1-Wire Bus

Open
Drain


16.3k

142k

On-Chip 16- CRC-

, lasered 64-
(8- + 48- 8-
) ,

8-
BUS master
-40 +85 C
,

.48 DS2450

.48

DS 2406

.49
.49 DS2406 Dual Switch
,

1-Wire BUS. DS2406 64 ROM , lasered ,
.
1024 EPROM,
, ,
, .
DS2406 Dallas Semiconductor 1-Wire

. DS2406
1-Wire .
13V PIO-, 6.5V PIO-
1024 EPROM

DS2406 1-Wire BUS


multidrop , 1Wire net

, , ,


16,3 Kbits / s
-
V CC bondout (TSOC
)
1-Wire 2.8V
6.0V -40 +85 C
,6-
TSOC

Flip
Chip

.50

.50

DS2406

4.3
,
,
.

. -
,
- -,
.
DS9097E
. .51

,
.

.51

.52

.52 .
1-Wire Bus RS232 serial
. ,
.

, RS232 .
( RS232 to USB ).

Dallas Semiconductor.


. .53
.

.53

.54

.54

4.4.

.

,

Dallas Semiconductor Corp. .4.1 Viewer iButton
.40 OneWireViewer .41.

,
.
,
R1 ,R2, R3, R4, 16
.
- ,
.

.

4.5.

,
- .
22 = 10%.
.
I 296 W/m2
1 1
296W/m2

U [V]
0,08
13,1
37,0
39,0
39,8
40,6
40,6
41,3
48,0

I [A]
1,76
1,70
1,60
1,50
1,40
1,30
1,20
1,10
0

P [W]
0,141
22,27
59,20
58,50
55,72
52,78
48,72
45,43
0

II

2 2
= 261.3W/m2
U [V]
I [A]
P [W]
0.07
1.60
0.112
6.00
1.50
9.000
17.6
1.45
25.52
31.4
1.40
43.96
40.2
1.30
52.26
41.2
1.20
49.44
41.9
1.10
46.09
42.2
1.04
43.89
48.0
0
0
2

2

.
40V,
1996. .
.

.

5.

,
.
.
,

. ,
.

-
.
,
.


1.

http://www.maxim-ic.com/products.cfm [.4]

2.

http://www.elin.ru/1-Wire/?topic=whatis [.4]

3.

http://www.solextra.eu [.2]