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) (

:
f I
f ) f ( I I

f -1 :
:

f ( y ) = x
f ( x ) = y

x I
) y f ( I
"x I
f -1of ( x ) = x
-1

) (
( fof ) ( y ) = y
-1

) "y f ( I

:
f I
x ) f ( I y I
f -1 ( x ) = y f ( y ) = x :
y x ) f -1 ( x x ) f ( I

:
f I
f -1 ) f ( I

:
f I
x 0 ) f ( I ) y0 = f ( x 0

f x 0 f ' ( x 0 ) 0
f -1 y 0
'
1
= ) f -1 ( y 0
:
) f '( x 0

) (

f I
f I ' f I
f -1 ) f ( I
'
1
) "x f ( I
= ) f -1 ( x
:
f ' f -1 ( x )

) (

14

:
f I
f -1 f

:
f I
f

-1

) ( C

) ( Cf

f -1

) A ( a, b ) ( Cf

f -1

A ' ( b,a ) C

x = a :

y = a :

y = b :

x = b :
:

1
b
y= x+
a
a

y = ax + b :

x = ay + b :
) (

) (

) (

) (

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