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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Reading: 21.6-7, 22.1-2 HW2 due 1/31 midnight

To study electric charge and charge conservation To see how objects become charged To calculate the electric force between objects using Coulomb s law To learn the distinction between electric force and electric field To calculate the electric field due to many charges To visualize and interpret electric fields To calculate the properties of electric dipoles

Julia Hsu S12 5

A nonconducting disk of radius R has a uniform surface charge density . Find the electric field at a point along the axis of the disk a distance x from its center. (x >0)

( )

R >> x

! ! E= i 2"0

6

Use the infinite sheet results from before

How far does electron travel before it hits the plate?

v0

An electric field line is an imaginary line or curve whose tangent at any point is the direction of the electric field vector at that point.

11

Electric dipoles

An electric dipole is a pair of point charges having equal but opposite sign and separated by a distance. Electric dipole moment has a magnitude of p = qd Direction of the dipole is from the charge to the + charge d

-q

! ! p = qd

+q

For a dipole in a uniform electric field, the force is zero but there is a non-zero torque to align the dipole to the electric field

! ! ! ! = p!E

! = pE sin "

! ! p || E

! ! U = !p E = !pE cos !

Lowest when the dipole is aligned (parallel) to the E led

Neutral H2O molecule in its vapor state has an electric dipole moment of 6.2 x 10-30 Cm. How far apart are the molecules centers of + and charge? If the molecule is placed in an E eld of 1.5 x 104 N/C, what maximum torque can the eld exert on it? What is the dierence in poten&al energy between the dipole is perpendicular to the E eld and its lowest energy congura&on?

15

To use the electric field at a surface to determine the charge within the surface To learn the meaning of electric flux and how to calculate it To learn the relationship between the electric flux through a surface and the charge within the surface To use Gauss s law to calculate electric fields To learn where the charge on a conductor is located

Introduction

Symmetry properties play an important role in physics. Gauss s law will allow us to do electric-field calculations using symmetry principles.

Positive charge within the box produces outward electric flux through the surface of the box, and negative charge produces inward flux The flux reflects the amount of the charges inside the box

Three examples in which there is zero net charge inside a box and no net electric flux through the surface of the box.

Doubling the charge within the box doubles the flux Doubling the size of the box does not change the flux.

!E = EA ! ! !E = E A ! ! !E = # E"dA = # E dA

!E = EAcos ! ! A = An E! = E cos ! !E = E! A

Electric eld magnitude 3.0 x 103 N/C What is the electric ux through the disk? What is the ux if n is perpendicular to E? What is the ux if n is || to E?

A point charge q = + 4.0C is surrounded by an imaginary sphere of radius r = 0.10 m centered on the charge. What is the electric ux through the sphere? What if the sphere radius is 0.20m?

Announcements

Oce
hours
for
today
and
Thur
will
be
from
2:45
to
3:45
pm,
i.e.
before
class
Test
GEMS
pre-test
for
extra
credits
before
tomorrow
night
HW#1
due
today
at
midnight
HW#2
due
1/31
midnight

Masteringphysics:

Course ID: HSUS12PHYS2326 Use your initials + last 3 digits of your netID as your ID

24

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