How to think about learning

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Bloom’s Taxonomy

Who is Bloom? •Benjamin Bloom (1913-1999) •Educational Professor at Chicago University •Classified educational learning •There are increasingly subtle and complex educational levels to master as we develop cognitively .

•There are six levels of knowledge according to Benjamin Bloom et al. •The higher levels of learning have to do with brilliance and getting well educated.Overview • Taxonomy for categorizing level of learning. .Bloom’s Taxonomy. •The levels are thought to build on one another.

label. events. tell. . examine. name. collect. identify. places Knowledge of major ideas Mastery of subject matter Question Cues when evaluating: list. tabulate. show.Bloom’s Taxonomy. who. describe. when. quote. etc.Knowledge • • • • • Observation and recall of information Knowledge of dates. define. where.

differentiate. distinguish. compare. estimate.Bloom’s TaxonomyComprehension • • • • • • • Understanding information Grasp meaning Translate knowledge into new context Interpret facts. describe. predict. contrast Order. infer causes Predict consequences Question Cues when evaluating: summarize. extend . associate. interpret. contrast. discuss. group.

modify. show. theories in new situations • Solve problems using required skills or knowledge • Question Cues when evaluating: apply. illustrate. experiment.Application • Use information • Use methods. concepts. solve. discover . relate. examine. change. classify. calculate.Bloom’s Taxonomy. complete. demonstrate.

explain. arrange. separate.Bloom’s Taxonomy. order. classify. select. compare.Analysis • • • • • Seeing patterns Organization of parts Recognition of hidden meanings Identification of components Question Cues when evaluating: analyze. infer . explain. connect. divide.

Bloom’s Taxonomy. design.Synthesis • • • • • Use old ideas to create new ones Generalize from given facts Relate knowledge from several areas Predict. draw conclusions Question Cues when evaluating: combine. rearrange. create. formulate. plan. prepare. invent. generalize. substitute. compose. modify. what if. integrate. rewrite .

Bloom’s Taxonomy. conclude. presentations • Make choices based on reasoned argument • Verify value of evidence • Recognize subjectivity • Question Cues when evaluating: assess. measure. rank. convince. test. recommend. explain. support. summarize . discriminate.Evaluation • Compare and discriminate between ideas • Assess value of theories. grade. decide. compare. select. judge.

http://www. oaks. Allyn and Bacon. Benjamin S. Boston. Taxonomy of Learning and Benjamin Bloom.References • Kinnes.html (Retrieved July 2006). T.coun. MA.ca/learn/pro gram/hndouts/bloom.html (Retrieved February 2006) .nvg.uvic. Taxonomy of educational objectives.org/wm6ra3. • Bloom.

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