# II PUC

Topic: Algebra

Sub-topic: Matrices and Determinants

Very Short Answer Questions Obj! Spec! Difflevel K Easy

1 Given that A ==

12 2 3

3 7 and I:l.' =

7 2 3

20

29 7 without

5
9

5
9

13

13

expanding, prove that A == A' . Hint/Key: Take R: 7 R, + 2R;" for A. 2 If A =

[nfindAA'.
46 69

K

Easy

Hint/Key:

AA'=U
3

2 3]
[12
U Easy

Fin the inverse of the matrix Hint/Key:

.d .

6 -2
4

1[0 3]
1

If A :::: [

3-X Y-3]. 0 2

IS

. a sc alar matnx. F'm d X an d y.

K

Easy

HintlKey: x = 1 andy=3. 5 If A

=

U ~l

B

= [~

HintlKey:

a

find A - y, B.

K Easy

[:

~]
115

II PUC

6

K Easy HintIKey :

IABI=-l.
7 If A =

[1 1]

1 1 ' then find A .

4

K Easy

8

If A == [0y x+4 2]
a Prove that HintIKey: b c

is skew symmetric, find x and y.

K Easy

HintlKey : x == 4 an~ y == -2. 9

1 b+c 1 c+a
1

U
= O.

Easy

a+b

Expect C: -7 C1 + C2 + C3 and then a = O. U

10

If A ~ [~] and B ~ [1 6 7]. find AB. HintIKey:

Easy

AB ~ [1 6
3 18

11

Find a matrix X such that 2A - 3B + X = 0 where

A=[O

3] B=[-2 25' 0

1] 4

U Easy

HintIKey: -4

X= [-6 -3]
2 K

12

A is a matrix of order 3 x 4 and B is a matrix of order 4 x 2. What is the order ofrnatrix AS'? HintIKey: AS' does not exist

Easy

1 1 ,:;;

II PUC

13

IfA=

[3

-1

2] B__[-1 2x
1' x=1

2x +
1

1]

andB=A'.

Fmdx.

.

K

Easy

HintIKey : 14

Find the value for x for which the matrix [6 3 inverse. HintIKey:
x = -2.

X-X2]

has no

U Easy

15

Find the adjoint of (AB) where A = [a c HintIKey :

db], B = [01

0 ]. 1

K

Easy

[: ~]
A [1234343], B_ A [2 3 21]. Find B. -1
=

Adj (AB) = [ ~c 16
K

IfB +

=

Easy

HintIKey:

Short Answer Questions 17 If A =

[~ ~]

and

IA'I

= 125, find the value
3

ofa.

K Average

HintIKey: IAI=a2-4 Given, 1 A31 = 125 => (a3 = 125 2 a -4= 5 a=±3

-4/

1

A

1

= 125

18

If A and B are square matrices of the same order and A, then evaluate AB and BA. HintIKey: Given, B"1 = A Operating B on both sides, we get AB = BA = 1.

S-1 =

K

Easy

1 1 '7

II PUC

19 If Al

abc

a+2b Y q
Z ,

b Y q

c z
r

=

x P

A2 =

x+2y p+2q

and also Al

:;<!:

0,

K Easy

r
_I

A2 '* 0, then find HintIKey: In A2, operate to get Al = A2

A

A2 7 C, - 2C2

ell

20

If A = [ 2 -1] , prove that A2 - 4A + 31 = O. -1 2 HintIKey: Find A2, Then substitute in A2 - 4A + 31. RHS=O,

K Easy

21 HintIKey : 2 x = -, y= -2, 3 22 If2A+B~ [~ find A' and B', HintIKey:

U Easy

!

~l3A

+2B~ [~ ~

a

K Easy

A' = [~
23

~ ],

1-5

B'

= [~

-1 10

_16]
K Easy

HintIKey: x = I, Y = 1 and z = -3. 24 For positive values ofx,y, z evaluate 1 log", y log", z logy x log,
X

u
Difficult

1 log, y

logy z 1

1 10

II PUC

HintIKey: Use properties of logarithms.

OR

Replace 1 -7 log, x in R! 1 -7 log.y in R2 1 -7 log.z in R) and use properties of determinant. 25 U Average HintlKey: Use mathematical induction 26 Prove that x - sin B
cose'

sine -x

cose I x is independent of 9.

U

Average

1

HintIKey: By expanding such that result does not contain 8. 27 IfA=

[1 -1]
2 3

andB=

[2

-1 -2

3 ], find (AB)"!.

K Easy

HintIKey :
(AB)"i

=

.!. [
5

0

1
U Easy

28
If the matrix HintIKey: 29 x =3 is singular. Find x.

Find the eigen values of the matrices a) [-8

K

3

2 -7 ].

Easy

b) [~

:]

HintIKey: a) 1..=-1,1..=5 b) 1..=-1,1..=5 30 Solve by using Cramer's rule: HintIKey:
x = 2, Y

x + 3y = 5, 2x - y

= 3.

K

=1

Easy

11

(l

II PUC

31

Solve the equations using matrix method 5x + 2y = 4, 7x + 3y = 5 HintIKey: x =2, y = -3.

K Easy

32

If A is a square matrix of order 2 x2, then show that AA' and A' A are both symmetric.

U Easy

33

If A ~ [~
matrix.

!]

and

B ~ [-2

4

:3]

prove that AB is a null

:t..

y

34

K Average
1

35
If MBC of [ l+s~nA sin A + sin? A Prove that AABC is isosceles. HintIKey:

l+sinB sinB+sin2 B

1 l+sinC

] =0

U Average

sin Cu-sin ' C

/:1=

[S~A S~B Si~C]
sin 2 A sin 2 B sin 2 C

= (sin

A - sin B) (sin B - sin C) (sin C - sin A) = 0 ~A=BorB=C. 36 If A is a matrix of order 3 x 3 and det I A I adj A I. HintIKey: 37

1= 6, find

I A-II and

K Easy

I A-I I = 6

I = 36.
U Average U Average

If the characteristic equation of a matrix is '),,1 + 3A - 2 =0. Find AI in terms of A. 1 cosA Prove that sinA sin B = sinC

38

1 cos B
1 cosC

. B- C . C - A . A-B 4 sm . Sin . sm -2 2 2

II PUC

If the maximum and minimum values of determinant
l+sin" x sin? x sin? x cos? x
1 +cos '

A

sin2x

Average are a and

x

sin2x l+sin2x

p,

cos ' x

find a2 + p2. HintlKey: C1 7 C1 +C2 R2 -7 R2-R. :. d = 2 + sin 2x 40 Verify Cayley Hamilton theorem [: inverse. HintlKey: Inverse ~ ~ 41 ~ll Hence find its A Average

[~l:]
x+ U Average

Solve by matrix method 3x - y + 2z = 13, 2x + Y- z = 3, 3y - 5z = -8. HintIKey: x = 3, Y = -2, z = 1 Using Cayley Hamilton theorem, find the inverse of 2 A = [~

42

U

°

-2

_°1].

Average

Hence find A3•

0

-2

HintIKey: Characteristic roots ').._J :. A3 =A2 + 4A-4 I A-I = -1 [A2-A-4I] 4

-')..? -

4 t.. +

U

= O.

-14
8

o

1'l1

II PUC

43 V,erify Cayley Hamilton Theorem for [ ~ HintIKey: Find characteristic equation. Verify C.H.T. substituting A by A. 44 Prove that -be b2 +bc e2 + be

1
3

U Average

-2 -4

a2 +ae
a2 +bc

-ae
b2 +ab

e2 +ae == (ab + bc + ca)3 - ab

U Difficult

HintlKey: Multiply RJ R2 R3 by a. b. c respectively. Taking a, b, c from Cr, C2, C3. 45 Find k if [ y+z y x z +x
U

; ]=k(XYZ)
x+y

Easy

z

z

HintIKey: k =-4 Evaluate using properties of determinants. 46 If A =

[1

1 1 1] , show that A2 111
11

U
= 3A

hence deduce that A4 =

Average

27A and A' -A = 2A (A + I). HintlKey : Multiplication of A and B = 3A. :. A4=9A2=27A A3 -A=A (A2)-A = 2A2 + 3A-A =2A (A + I)
U

Average

47
Prove that

(b+C)2

ab
(e+a)2

ea
be (a

u
=2 abc (a+b+c)3 Difficult

ab
ca

be

+ b)2

HintIKey: Hint: Multiply RJ R2 R3 by a,b,c and taking abc from cr, C2,C3

48

K Easy

1'l'l

II puc

HintIKey: 3 Find A 2 , then A3 = [ 5 7

-90
49

1 a a2
Prove that HintIKey: R2 ~ R2-RJ R3 ~ R3-RJ

-

be = O.

U

1b
1c

b2 ca e2-ab

Average

50 IfF(x) = [

cosx s~x

-smx cosx

o

~ l
=

show that F(x) F(y) ~ F(x+y)

K Easy

Hint/Key: Show by actual multiplication of two matrices. f(x) . f(y) = Qx + y) 51

a-b-c Prove that 2b
2c

2a 2a b - c - a 2b 2e 2c

(a + b + c/

U Average

52 Prove that expansion.

a+b b+e e+a c + a a +b b+c b+c c+a a+b

cab = 2 b c a without abc

U Average

Hint/Key: C1 7 CJ + C2 + C3 Take 2 from CJ then C1 7 C1 - C2 53 x +1 x +2 Show x+2 x +a

•..•

x+3
HintIKey: 54

x+3 x+4

x+b x+c

=Owherea,b,careinA.P.

A Difficult

R2 ~ 2R2 then R2 ~ R2 - (R\ + R3) Prove that

Ifa,h,c are pth, qth, rth terms ofG.P.

u
Difficult

,.... "

II PUC

1p 1q

loga
10gb

=0

1r

loge

Hint/Key: a =ARP-J
b =ARq-l C = ARr-1 Apply log substitute log a log b. 55 Provethat

-be
ab+bc ac+bc

ab+ac
-ae bc+ ac

ac+ab
bc+ab -ab

U

= (ab +bc s-acj'

Average

56

Find the general solution for x. 1 cos 2x sin 2x

A

Average

1 cos5x
1 cos7x

sin5x sin 7x

= O.

HilD t/K ey : 4' sm x . sm - . sm - = 0 . 5x . 3x

2

2

.'. x

= nn,

2 n 1{

,

2 n 1{ , n

E

Z.

5
q. c

3
p

57 If a#- b, b
¢ ¢

be
qe
b
= 0,

u
then find the value of Difficult

r, and

a

a p q r --+--+--. p -a q- b r-c

r

HintIKey: Operate Rll -7 RJ -7 R2 and then R~ -7 R2 -7 R3 to get b-a b-q q-b 0

o
a

c-r
r

=0

b

Expanding along C1 and simplify to get r b a

--

r- c

+-- +-q- b p-a

=0

Add '2' on both sides, to get the value 2.

l'"JA