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AEROMEXICO

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Part 1

These graphics are coded for security. This program is protected by copyright law and a license agreement between aeromexico and CPaT. Unauthorized copying of this program will be punished to the maximum extent allowed by law.

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ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS
CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC. DIAGRAM & A.C. XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL

NEXT 22 ENTER 40 ENTER 50 ENTER 57 ENTER

72 ENTER 82 ENTER
96 ENTER

4 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENT LOCATIONS NEXT > .

The Electrical Power Center is located behind the Captain’s seat and is the location for most of the circuit breakers on the aircraft. The External Power Receptacle is located on the left side as shown above.5 The MD-80 has 2 engine driven generators and 1 APU driven generator. NEXT > .

The Generator Feed Lines deliver A. The 3 Generator Control Panels are in the Electrical/Electronics (E/E) Compartment. The Electrical Power Center is behind the Captain’s seat . NEXT > .for distribution.C. The Battery Charger is in the E/E Compartment .6 FORWARD ACCESSORY COMPARTMENT 2 1 4 3 COCKPIT E P C CABIN 3 2 1 FORWARD CARGO E/E COMPARTMENT The 4 Transformer Rectifiers and the AC Emergency Inverter are located in the Forward Accessory Compartment.it holds many circuit breakers and also the Generator Relays. The 2 Aircraft Batteries are in the E/E Compartment. power from the generators to the front of the aircraft .forward of the batteries.

the Ground service bus is powered as a part of the right system. Therefore. and the Ground Service Control Panel is not used.the Ground Service electrical bus may be powered by itself . NEXT > . If the main panel is not used to power all aircraft busses . when the Electrical Control Panel is used to power the right electrical system .by using the Ground Service Control Panel (blue).7 The main Electrical Control Panel is shown here in green. The Ground Service Bus is normally powered whenever the right electrical system is powered.

B. Next to see the Ground Service panel > MOST EMERGENCY BUS C. they indicate that power is available from the APU or the EXTERNAL PWR supply. Most of the emergency bus circuit breakers are located above the Electrical Control Panel. ANTI-SKID. MACH TRIM SWITCHES L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT AIR COND CONTROL ENGINE START PANEL FUEL BOOST PUMP PANEL AUTO. These square blue lights are installed here and also installed above this area on the Ground Service panel. PRESSURIZATION CONTROL ICE PROTECTION PANEL RAIN REPELLENT .’S ARE LOCATED HERE CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET VOLT/FREQ OFF APU ON AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L BATT PWR VOLT BATT AMP AMPS -VOLTS+ AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU R AC BUS AUTO MISC. YAW DAMP.8 The main Electrical Control Panel is located on the left side of the Overhead Panel. LIGHTING. Notice the square blue lights.

MACH TRIM SWITCHES L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT AIR COND CONTROL ENGINE START PANEL FUEL BOOST PUMP PANEL AUTO. Normally the Ground Service Bus is powered as a part of the right electrical system .C.9 This panel is the Ground Service Bus Control Panel. LIGHTING.C.B. bus when the aircraft is being serviced overnight on the ground. NEXT for a close up view of the Ground Service panel > GROUND SERVICE ELEC PWR APU PWR OFF ON APU PWR AVAIL MAINTENANCE INTERPHONE OFF GROUND SERVICE BUS EXT PWR OFF ON EXT PWR AVAIL ON MOST EMERGENCY BUS C. ANTI-SKID. PRESSURIZATION CONTROL ICE PROTECTION PANEL RAIN REPELLENT .’S ARE LOCATED HERE CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM R GEN RESET OFF ON EXT PWR VOLT/FREQ APU AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT L R AMPS BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ AC LOAD AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON AUTO EMER PWR IN USE MISC. YAW DAMP. You must have the switches OFF on the main electrical power control panel .but you can power the Ground Service Bus by itself when you don’t want to power the entire right A. It is used to power a small A. system.in order for the switches on the Ground Service Bus to supply power.

and will be covered in detail .to the Ground Service Bus. NEXT> . The square EXT POWER AVAILABLE light illuminates when External Power is applied to the aircraft. The square APU POWER AVAILABLE light illuminates when the APU is operating.when all electrical buses are not required. The EXT PWR is available and is delivered to the Ground Service Bus.later.10 GROUND SERVICE ELEC PWR APU PWR OFF ON APU PWR AVAIL MAINTENANCE INTERPHONE OFF GROUND SERVICE BUS EXT PWR OFF ON EXT PWR AVAIL ON Here is a close-up view of the Ground Service Bus Control Panel. The round power in-use lights illuminate when power is delivered from the APU or the External Power source . This panel is used to apply power to only the Ground Service Bus . Quality of power is not guaranteed with this light on.

L GEN RESET OFF ON CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD NEXT to view the electrical system diagram > APU PWR AVAIL APU R AC BUS L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .11 Here is the main Electrical Control Panel. This is the panel that you will normally use for flight operations.

INVERTER EMR PWR IN USE DC TRANSFER BUS DC TRANSFER BUS OFF OFF ON BATT OFF B AC EMER BUS AC EMER BUS OFF B ON DC EMER BUS DC EMER BUS OFF BATT. NEXT to show a simple view of this diagram > LEFT AC BUS Ground Service AC BUS RIGHT AC BUS TR 1 TR 2 CHARGER TR 2 TR 1 LEFT DC BUS RIGHT DC BUS DC BUS OFF EMER.12 L GEN GCP R GEN APU PWR AVAIL L GEN OFF GCP GCP AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN OFF L AC BUS OFF R AC BUS OFF LEFT GENERATOR BUS EXT PWR AVAIL RIGHT GENERATOR BUS This is the complete diagram of the MD-80 Electrical System. DIRECT BATTERY BUS NEXT > .

and Emergency Power system is shown. DC system. Notice that the Emergency Power system is normally powered by normal AC or DC power respectively. The aircraft batteries can power the Emergency DC system directly and can power the Emergency AC system through the AC Emergency Inverter located in the Forward Accessory Compartment. NEXT > . AC system.13 AC POWER SOURCE AC SYSTEM DC SYSTEM EMERGENCY POWER SYSTEM BATTERIES On this frame a simple diagram of the power source. The Emergency Power system can also be powered by the aircraft batteries.

400 cycles per second. The AC Crosstie Relay can automatically close to allow one electrical system to power the opposite electrical system in the event of an inflight engine driven generator failure. NEXT > .14 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN EXT PWR L GEN BUS L AC BUS AC CROSSTIE RELAY R GEN BUS R AC BUS To Left DC System To Right DC System The AC system operates at 115 Volt. 3 phase. The Generator Buses are the main distribution buses to each system. The APU or the EXT Power can power both left and right systems. The left and right systems are independent and are normally not interconnected.

The AC buses each deliver power to the Transformer Rectifiers .that convert the AC power to DC power.15 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN EXT PWR L GEN BUS L AC BUS AC CROSSTIE RELAY R GEN BUS R AC BUS To Left DC System To Right DC System Each system has an AC Bus that distributes electrical power to smaller load items than the Generator Bus. NEXT > .

Circuit Breaker “H7” is highlighted in red.B. Circuit Breaker “C3” is highlighted in blue.b. Columns are designated numerically.’s are designated alphabetically. Power is delivered through C. Rows of c. NEXT > 123456789 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X EPC .16 The Electrical Power Center is behind the Captain’s seat.’s located on this EPC.

The GCP’s control the delivery of power from the generators to the electrical systems. panels for the large L&R Generator buses & also the c. panel for the DC TRANSFER Bus.17 The lower portion of the EPC holds the c. NEXT > EPC VARIOUS AC & DC BUSES L&R GEN BUSES DC TRANSFE R BUS GENERATOR CONTROL GENERATOR PANELS CONTROL GENERATOR PANELS CONTROL PANELS .b. The GCP’s for each generator are below the cockpit in the E/E Compt.b.

NEXT > EPC VARIOUS AC & DC BUSES L&R GEN BUSES DC TRANSFE R BUS GENERATOR CONTROL GENERATOR PANELS CONTROL GENERATOR PANELS CONTROL PANELS .18 The Ground Service Bus circuit breaker panel is located outboard of the Captain’s seat as shown here.

The GCP’s allow full automatic operation of the electrical system. When the voltage & frequency are out of limits . NEXT > EPC VARIOUS AC & DC BUSES L&R GEN BUSES DC TRANSFE R BUS GENERATOR CONTROL GENERATOR PANELS CONTROL GENERATOR PANELS CONTROL PANELS Electrical / Electronics Compartment .19 There is 1 GCP for each of the 3 generators on the aircraft.the GCP will remove the generator from the line automatically.these GCP’s allow the generator power to come on line automatically. When the voltage and frequency are proper .

20 You have learned that the Ground Service Bus control panel is located on the Aft Overhead. The Main Electrical control panel is located on the Overhead. NEXT > . The Ground Service Bus circuit breaker panel is located outboard of the Captain.

that power the Instrument panel flood and integral lighting.21 Most of the emergency bus circuit breakers are on the Overhead Panel. Circuit Breakers are located on the Left and Right Forward Consoles . NEXT > . A cable operated Handle is provided on the cockpit step to reset the Battery Direct Bus Feed circuit breaker in the E/E compartment.

XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL 3 ENTER NEXT 40 ENTER 50 ENTER 57 ENTER 72 ENTER 82 ENTER 96 ENTER .C. DIAGRAM & A.22 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC.

23 CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE NEXT > .

Minimum dispatch is with 2 operating generators. The engine generator drive speed is governed by a CSD.24 C S D A P U C S D GEN GEN GEN ACTR LEFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM RIGHT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM There are 3 identical generators installed on the MD-80. If the APU generator is used as 1 of the normal generators . The APU generator is directly driven by the APU without a special drive transmission.NEXT > . The engine driven generators are driven by a Constant Speed Drive. The APU fuel control determines the APU generator speed. Any 1 generator is capable of supplying adequate power to all aircraft systems.extra fuel must be planned for the flight.. Let’s begin by covering the operation of the CSD units . Generator output frequency is determined by the generator drive speed.

When the engine is idling.000 rpm regardless of the speed of the engine. A CSD is needed because the engine operates at varying rpm’s .while the generator needs constant speed. NEXT > .25 CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE (CSD) Varying engine speed Constant output speed CSD GENERATOR 115 VOLTS/400 CPS OUTPUT A CSD is similar to an automatic transmission in a car. It is a hydraulic driven device that has an output drive speed to the generator that is maintained at about 6. The constant rpm drive to the generator will maintain the generator output frequency at 400 cycles per second. When the engine is high power settings. the CSD must increase the output speed to the generator. the CSD must reduce the output speed to the engine driven generator.

. The CSD disconnect is solenoid operated . Once it has been disconnected .26 CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE (CSD) DISCONNECTED NO output speed NO VOLTAGE OUTPUT X CSD GENERATOR The input drive shaft to the CSD from the engine can be disconnected when the CSD is malfunctioning..you do not disconnect a CSD unless it is necessary to do so.the CSD will not be available until it is reset by maintenance on the ground. NEXT to look at the CSD switches and gauges > . Therefore . You will disconnect a CSD usually when the CSD oil temperature is hot or if the CSD cannot maintain normal generator drive speeds.using electrical power from the opposite electrical system.

NEXT for a closer view > . A pushbutton switch “PUSH FOR RISE” allows the pilot to temporarily display the oil rise temperature instead of the CSD oil tank temperature. CSD oil is cooled by an air cooled radiator located in the engine area. The CSD Oil Temperature Gauges are located between the red guarded CSD Disconnect switches.27 CSD Oil Temperature Gauges & Disconnect Switches L GEN RESET OFF ON CSD CSD PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON AC LOAD AC LOAD These CSD switches and gauges are at the top of the Electrical Control Panel.

and can energize a solenoid to disconnect the CSD. The CSD disconnect switches are momentary type . The engine should be running at over 25% N2 to properly disconnect a CSD. NEXT > .28 CSD PANEL 10 R IS E R 20 IS E 10 100 OUTLET 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 0 60 140 20 160 20 160 TEMP C TEMP C PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP There is one CSD oil temperature gauge and one guarded disconnect switch for each CSD.

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CSD PANEL
10 R IS E R 20 IS E 10

100
OUTLET

100
OUTLET 20

0

60

140

0

60

140

20

160

20

160

TEMP C

TEMP C

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP
The normal display mode of these gauges displays the temperature of the oil as it comes out of the CSD. This is called the “outlet temperature” and is read on the inner scale of the gauge. Normally both CSD temperatures should be similar. To display the rise temperature - push the button and read the outer scale on these gauges. The rise temperature is the difference in oil temperature from the time it leaves the oil cooler to the time it leaves the CSD. NEXT >

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CSD OIL COOLER
OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR ON THE CSD INLET OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR ON THE CSD OUTLET

CSD

CSD OIL COOLER

The CSD generates heat as it operates. The highest temperature oil leaves the CSD enroute to the oil cooler. The temperature of this oil is displayed as “outlet” on the CSD gauge. NOTE: This oil is completely separate from the engine
oil.

The CSD oil cooler is an air cooled radiator, located behind the fan (1st set of blades) on the engine. The oil cooler is located on the bottom of the engine. The difference in measured oil temperature is called the “RISE” temperature. The CSD gauge will display “RISE” temperature as long as you press the “PUSH FOR RISE” button. NEXT >

10 R IS E

10 IS R 20 E

100
OUTLET

100
OUTLET 20

0

60

140

0

60

140

20

160

20

160

TEMP C

TEMP C

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP
Using the inner scale - oil temperatures are acceptable up to the yellow arc. If the outlet oil temperature reaches the yellow arc the pilot can relieve the CSD by turning the generator switch to OFF. This allows the CSD to operate without a load. If the CSD outlet oil temperature reaches the red arc - and does not come down by unloading the generator - the pilot is will disconnect the CSD. A CSD disconnect can only be reset by maintenance. NEXT >

2 degrees centigrade).the gauges will both display the rise temperature. NEXT > .10 R IS E 10 IS R 20 E 100 OUTLET 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 0 60 140 20 160 20 160 TEMP C TEMP C PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP When the rise button is pressed and held down . the pilot is to make a note in the maintenance logbook .to require servicing of the CSD oil at the next stop. If the rise temperature exceeds the yellow line (set at 11. Usually a high “RISE” temperature indicates that the CSD oil tank is either low on oil quantity or the oil tank has been overfilled.

NEXT to animate > .so . Then hold the momentary disconnect switch up until the voltage & frequency drop off on the volt/freq.33 CSD DISCONNECT 10 R I S E R 20 I S E 10 100 OUTLET 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 0 60 140 20 160 20 160 TEMP C TEMP C PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP Here the left CSD oil is hot .you have unloaded the generator to help the CSD oil cool down by reducing the work-load on the CSD. gages.you will disconnect the CSD.open the red guard to expose the switch. Your efforts have not resulted in a reduction of CSD oil temperature . First . You should start the APU as soon as possible in these situations to provide a second generator.

34 10 R I S E 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 20 160 TEMP C .

35 10 R I S E 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 20 160 TEMP C .

36 10 R I S E 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 20 160 TEMP C .

37 10 R I S E 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 20 160 TEMP C .

38 10 R I S E 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 20 160 TEMP C .

it will probably continue to get more hot. NEXT > To Replay . If the CSD should refuse to disconnect .39 10 R I S E 100 OUTLET 20 0 60 140 20 160 TEMP C Hold the switch up until the voltage and frequency from this generator drop to zero.34 ENTER . The CSD is driven by a drive shaft that can shear if it receives enough stress.

XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL 3 ENTER 22 ENTER NEXT 50 ENTER 57 ENTER 72 ENTER 82 ENTER 96 ENTER . DIAGRAM & A.C.40 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC.

41 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY NEXT > .

GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR generator Resetting the GCR to the closed position is easy. NEXT > .voltage is generated when the generator is spinning. This GCR can only be opened (as you see it here) .two different ways. If this relay is open (as shown) . With the GCR closed .42 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY The Voltage Regulator maintains the output voltage constant. 1)It will be tripped to this open condition when a Fire procedure is performed ie: pulling the engine fire handle out.the generator cannot generate voltage. The GCR is the “field” relay. 2)It will be tripped to this open condition when an electrical fault is sensed in the system. ie: a short.

NEXT to animate > GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR generator . and then release the switch to OFF.43 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY To reset the GCR to the closed condition .The APU and Right Generator can be reset in identical fashion.you select the Generator Switch to the momentary “RESET” position. Next we will show how to reset the Left Generator GCR .

44 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON AC LOAD AC LOAD .

45 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON AC LOAD AC LOAD .

46 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON AC LOAD AC LOAD .

47 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON AC LOAD AC LOAD .

48 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON AC LOAD AC LOAD To Replay . Remember that the RESET switch position is momentary (spring loaded). The generator is not spinning is this example . and will stay reset unless the Left Engine Fire Handle is pulled out . NEXT > . Now that the GCR is closed .so it is still gray colored. We will color a generator red when it develops A.44 ENTER Now the LEFT GCR is reset.and during engine start this generator will generate volts & freqs.or until a left system electrical fault causes the GCR to trip open. electrical power.it should stay closed .C.

NEXT > . Therefore the left generator load meter displays no load.49 GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON AC LOAD AC LOAD Now the engine is running and the generator is generating power.power will flow to the system when the generator switch is moved to ON. Now that the engine is running ...you do not have a load on the left generator. Since the power is not yet flowing to the buses . The power flows through a Generator Relay..

C. XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL 3 ENTER 22 ENTER 40 ENTER NEXT 57 ENTER 72 ENTER 82 ENTER 96 ENTER . DIAGRAM & A.50 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC.

51 GENERATOR RELAY NEXT > .

When the GR is open . NEXT > .even though the Generator Control Relay is closed. are not of good quality. The GR delivers the generators’ power to the LEFT GENERATOR BUS.52 GENERATOR RELAY GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD left generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP GENERATOR RELAY L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON L GEN OFF L AC BUS OFF LEFT GENERATOR BUS AC LOAD AC LOAD Here you can see the engine is not running ..whenever the volts & freqs.the generator is not developing power . The Generator Relay (GR) will be open whenever the Generator switch is not in the ON position. or with the switch ON .the GEN OFF annunciator light is on.

NEXT > .53 GENERATOR RELAY GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY VR CSD CSD left generator PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP GENERATOR RELAY L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON L GEN OFF L AC BUS OFF LEFT GENERATOR BUS AC LOAD AC LOAD Here you can see generator is developing power .although the power is going no-where because the GR is open due to the position of the left generator switch. load meter is still at zero since no power is flowing to the left generator bus. Notice that the left engine generator A.C.

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GENERATOR RELAY

GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY

VR

CSD

CSD

left generator
PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP GENERATOR RELAY

L GEN
RESET OFF ON

APU GEN
RESET
NORM
AC LOAD

R GEN
RESET OFF ON

L GEN OFF

L AC BUS OFF

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

AC LOAD

AC LOAD

Now that the left generator switch is in the ON position - the GR is allowed to close and power is flowing to the left generator bus. Notice the left load meter. This is the operation of a generator during engine start with the generator switch OFF. However, normally we leave the generator switch ON through-out the day. The Generator Relay automatically closes when the engine is started and automatically opens when the engine is shut down. This automatic GR control is performed by the Generator Control Panel. NEXT >

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L GEN
RESET OFF ON

L GEN
RESET OFF ON

L GEN
RESET OFF ON

left generator

left generator

left generator

GENERATOR RELAY

GENERATOR RELAY

GENERATOR RELAY

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

Generator is underspeed - so GR stays open until generator is at normal speed to develop normal voltage & frequency. Annunciator light is ON. L GEN OFF

Generator is at normal speed - but Generator switch is selected to OFF. This is for Abnormal Conditions. Annunciator light is ON. L GEN OFF

Generator is at normal speed and Generator switch is ON. Annunciator light is OFF.

L GEN OFF NEXT >

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GENERATOR CONTROL PANEL (GCP)
VOLTAGE & FREQUENCY NOT WITHIN ALLOWABLE LIMITATIONS

generator

VOLTAGE & FREQUENCY WITHIN ALLOWABLE LIMITATIONS GCP

generator

GCP

generator relay

electrical system

electrical system

The Generator Control Panel protects the electrical system. It can automatically close a generator relay to apply generator power to an electrical system if (and only if) the voltage and frequency are of good quality. The GCP will automatically open a generator relay to stop the supply of generator power to an electrical system if the power is not of good quality. During engine start - the GCP automatically closes a GR and applies power to a system during engine start (when the power is good). When an engine is shut down - the GCP is responsible for removing power from an electrical system when the voltage and frequency fall below the allowable levels. There is 1 GCP for each of the three generators on every MD-80. NEXT >

C. XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL 3 ENTER 22 ENTER 40 ENTER 50 ENTER NEXT 72 ENTER 82 ENTER 96 ENTER .57 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC. DIAGRAM & A.

CROSSTIE RELAY NEXT > .C.58 ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM & A.

INVERTER EMR PWR IN USE DC TRANSFER BUS DC TRANSFER BUS OFF OFF ON BATT OFF B AC EMER BUS AC EMER BUS OFF B ON DC EMER BUS DC EMER BUS OFF BATT. DIRECT BATTERY BUS . NEXT to show a simple view of this diagram > LEFT GENERATOR BUS EXT PWR AVAIL RIGHT GENERATOR BUS LEFT AC BUS Ground Service AC BUS RIGHT AC BUS TR 1 TR 2 CHARGER TR 2 TR 1 LEFT DC BUS RIGHT DC BUS DC BUS OFF EMER.59 L GEN GCP R GEN APU PWR AVAIL L GEN OFF GCP GCP AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN OFF L AC BUS OFF R AC BUS OFF This is the complete diagram of the Electrical System.

C.R. LEFT GENERATOR BUS LEFT AC BUS TR TR LEFT DC BUS NEXT > . power to D. The Left AC Bus feeds two Transformer Rectifiers which convert the A. power. is capable of supplying adequate power to the Left D.one of which is a smaller A. bus is called the Generator Bus.C.C. Either T.C. The largest A. The Generator Bus feeds many items .’s output to the Left DC Bus. bus that is labelled Left AC Bus in our diagram. The two T.C.R.60 LEFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM GEN The generator feeds the largest AC bus on the respective system. Bus.

The two T. The largest A.’s output to the Right DC Bus. bus is called the Generator Bus. Bus. Either T.61 RIGHT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM The generator feeds the largest AC bus on the respective system.R. bus that is labelled Right AC Bus in our diagram and the Ground Service AC Bus. GEN RIGHT GENERATOR BUS Ground Service AC BUS RIGHT AC BUS TR TR RIGHT DC BUS NEXT > .one of which is a smaller A.C. The Right AC Bus feeds one Transformer Rectifier while the Ground Service Bus feeds the other T.R.R. The Generator Bus feeds many items .C.C. is capable of supplying adequate power to the Right D.

or both systems. Right. The AC Crosstie Relay can interconnect the electrical systems. NEXT > . The square AVAIL lights illuminate when the APU generator is available or when the EXT PWR is plugged in. or both systems. A Left and Right External Power Relay (EPR) is installed to allow the pilot to select the EXT PWR power to the Left.62 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS Notice the GR for each engine driven generator. A Left and Right APU Relay (APR) is installed to allow the pilot to select the APU power to the Left. The round “in use” lights illuminate when power is delivered. Right.

the AC Crosstie Relay will automatically close. The APU and EXT PWR are not available. If an engine driven generator becomes inoperative . NEXT to animate a failure of the left generator > .or a CSD disconnect is performed by the pilots .63 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS The electrical systems are powered by the respective engine driven generator.

64 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS .

65 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS .

66 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS Notice that the A. Both systems are powered by the right engine driven generator.C.64 ENTER . CROSSTIE RELAY closed when power was needed on the left system. NEXT to return to normal operation > To Replay . Automatic load shedding will cause the Galley Power to be disconnected whenever the ACTR is closed.

When the ACTR is LOCKED OUT . The APU and EXT PWR are not available. The A. NEXT will show a fault on the left electrical system > NEXT . the electrical systems are now powered by the respective engine driven generator. Crosstie Relay will “lockout” if it detects a fault on one electrical system .C.67 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS Again.to keep the good system from connecting to a faulted system.left system fault > .the AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT light will illuminate.

NEXT to animate > .68 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN Screwdriver shorted to aircraft electrical ground! GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS We have touched a screwdriver to the Left Generator Bus and to an electrical ground to demonstrate a fault on the left Generator Bus.

69 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN Screwdriver shorted to aircraft electrical ground! GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS .

NEXT > .the right AC system is unaffected by the Left Generator Bus problem.C. The A.70 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN Screwdriver shorted to aircraft electrical ground! GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS The Generator Control Panel detected the high current draw (through the screwdriver to ground) and tripped the left GR open to turn the left generator OFF. CROSSTIE RELAY is locked out from closing .

NEXT > .71 LOOKING AFT AC CROSS TIE LOCKOUT RESET The A. CROSSTIE RELAY LOCKOUT may only be reset when on the ground.C. A red guarded RESET switch is located behind the Captain’s seat.

72 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC.C. DIAGRAM & A. XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL 3 ENTER 22 ENTER 40 ENTER 50 ENTER 57 ENTER NEXT 82 ENTER 96 ENTER .

U.P. GENERATOR NEXT > .73 A.

the pilot will reset the APU generator GCR by moving the RESET switch to the momentary RESET position. If the APU PWR AVAIL light does not come on after APU start .74 On this frame the APU is providing power to both electrical systems. NEXT > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

75 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS Notice the APU generator is capable of powering both systems simultaneously at any time.as long as the APU is operating for the entire flight and used to power the electrical system with the failed engine generator. NEXT to show the APU operating and the APU PWR AVAIL light illuminated > . You can legally dispatch with only 1 operating engine generator .

On the ground .76 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS The APU is now running and the power is available.the ACTR will not close when the APU is used to power only one electrical system. NEXT to close the Left APU Relay > .

77 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS NEXT to close the Right APU Relay > .

NEXT > .78 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS The APU is now providing power to both electrical systems. This is normal electrical operation when the aircraft is on the ground and there is no EXT PWR available.

the APU is providing power to the Left System and then through the AC Crosstie Relay to the Right Electrical System.the ACTR can close to allow the APU generator power to crosstie. This can only occur when the aircraft is in the flight mode. NEXT to activate the right engine driven generator > . On this frame .79 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS Inflight .

NEXT to activate the Left engine driven generator > .the ACTR automatically opens.therefore causing the ACTR to open. An engine driven generator has priority to automatically power the respective electrical system .80 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS When the Right Engine Driven Generator is applied .

the Left APU Relay opens. or ACTR.the automatic priority system will apply power: 1)from the respective engine generator. EXT PWR. If all electrical sources are available and all electrical control panel switches are in the ON position . 3) from the EXT PWR. The APU remains available . 2) from the APU..but not used. NEXT > .81 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS When the Left Engine Driven Generator is applied . 4) from the ACTR.over the APU. An engine driven generator has priority to automatically power the respective electrical system .

82 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC. DIAGRAM & A. XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL 3 ENTER 22 ENTER 40 ENTER 50 ENTER 57 ENTER 72 ENTER NEXT 96 ENTER .C.

83 EXTERNAL POWER NEXT > .

NEXT > for close up view of this panel.84 External Power The External power plugs into the aircraft left side. .

85 External Power Receptacle EXTERNAL POWER EXTERNAL POWER EXT PWR EXT PWR NOT AVAIL IN USE FLT INPH WHEEL WELL LIGHTS PILOTS CALL OFF SVC INPH Here is a close-up of the External Power Receptacle. NEXT > 115 VAC / 60 CPS 115 VAC / 400 CPS . This power is used to heat the potable water line heaters when normal 115 VAC / 400 CPS power is not in use on the aircraft. The round shaped socket allows for the plug in of 115V / 60 CPS power from an external source. The large rectangle shaped socket allows for the plug in of 115 VAC / 400 CPS from an external source.

This light is not an indication that the power is at proper volts and frequency.the blue EXTERNAL POWER AVAILABLE light will come on.they will look for the illumination of the EXTERNAL POWER NOT IN USE light before they pull the power plug. NEXT > . When the External Power is not in use. When the ground crew is ready to pull the power plug . the white light EXTERNAL POWER NOT IN USE will come on.86 External Power Receptacle EXTERNAL POWER EXTERNAL POWER EXT PWR EXT PWR NOT AVAIL IN USE FLT INPH WHEEL WELL LIGHTS PILOTS CALL OFF SVC INPH When External Power is plugged into the large rectangle socket .

There is no onboard protection if the external power voltage or frequency are not proper.the EXTERNAL POWER NOT IN USE light extinguishes. The pilot must always confirm good quality power . NEXT > .87 External Power Receptacle EXTERNAL POWER EXTERNAL POWER EXT PWR EXT PWR NOT AVAIL IN USE FLT INPH WHEEL WELL LIGHTS PILOTS CALL OFF SVC INPH When External Power is used .before applying the EXT PWR to any bus. The EXTERNAL POWER is accepted by the aircraft if the voltage exceeds 95 VAC and the three phase power is properly spaced.

When plugged into the Flight Interphone jack . When plugged into the Service Interphone jack .88 External Power Receptacle EXTERNAL POWER EXTERNAL POWER These circuit breakers are for the external power circuit.a person will talk to the pilot over the handset located on the aft end of the pedestal.a person will talk to the pilot over the Flight Interphone system on the pilots audio selector panel. These jacks receive a headset plug from ground personnel. NEXT > EXT PWR EXT PWR NOT AVAIL IN USE FLT INPH WHEEL WELL LIGHTS PILOTS CALL OFF SVC INPH .

This pushbutton activates a chime in the cockpit. You should turn on these lights before you do a walk-around.89 External Power Receptacle EXTERNAL POWER EXTERNAL POWER EXT PWR EXT PWR NOT AVAIL IN USE This switch that turns on the lights in all 3 gear wells. NEXT > FLT INPH WHEEL WELL LIGHTS PILOTS CALL OFF SVC INPH .

.90 Check the quality of External Power! Remember that the pilot must check the quality of the power before using the external power. . NEXT > .

91 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS NEXT to show the EXT PWR plugged into the aircraft and the EXT PWR AVAIL light illuminated > .

92 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR L GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS NEXT to close the Left EPR > .

NEXT to close the Right EPR > . EXT PWR cannot crosstie.93 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR L GEN BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT R GEN BUS L AC BUS R AC BUS The EXT PWR is now applied to the left system.

NEXT > .94 LEFT GEN APU GEN RIGHT GEN GR L APR APU PWR AVAIL R APR GR EXT PWR L EPR L GEN BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R EPR R GEN BUS ACTR AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT L AC BUS R AC BUS The EXT PWR is now applied to both electrical systems.

95 System Priority: 1) The associated engine driven generator (if running) has priority over all other sources of power. 3) The External Power has priority over the AC Crosstie Relay. 4)The AC Crosstie Relay will only power a system from the opposite side .when the first 3 sources are not available. NEXT > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ 1 APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS 2 3 4 EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT . 2) The APU generator (if available) has priority over the External Power or the AC Crosstie Relay.

C. XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL 3 ENTER 22 ENTER 40 ENTER 50 ENTER 57 ENTER 72 ENTER 82 ENTER NEXT . DIAGRAM & A.96 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC.

97 ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL NEXT > .

The normal AC LOAD position for flight operations is BATT AMP. The Volt Meter L GEN Selector may be RESET OFF positioned to 6 ON positions.98 The Volt Meter panel incorporates two AC gauges and one DC gauge. NEXT > L AC BUS CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO APU R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

C. The D. gauge displays zero in the APU mode.99 100 50 380 150 420 400 AC VOLTS FREQUENCY AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L PWR VOLT/FREQ APU The APU position is selected on this frame. AMPS 50 100 50 25 0 50 25 50 100 BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ The APU generator displayed output is 115 VAC/400 CPS. NEXT to select EXT PWR > .

the power is of good quality .C. NEXT .100 100 50 380 150 420 400 AC VOLTS FREQUENCY AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L PWR VOLT/FREQ APU AMPS 50 100 50 25 0 50 25 50 100 BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ With the selector in the EXT PWR position .C. Here .the AC Volt & Freq.115 volts & 400 cps. power .the D.select Left > . gauge remains at zero. gages will display the power from the external source. Since the External Power does not deliver D.

C gauge displays the voltage available on the Left D.select Right > .C.when the engine is running.if the GCR is tripped. The D.the AC gauges will display zero.C. These gauges will also display zero when the engine is running . Bus. NEXT . gages will display the available voltage & frequency from the left engine generator . Before engine start .the A.101 100 50 380 150 420 400 AC VOLTS FREQUENCY AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L PWR VOLT/FREQ APU AMPS 50 100 50 25 0 50 25 50 100 BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ In the “L” position .

The D.the A. Before engine start .C gauge displays the voltage available on the Right D. NEXT .C.C.if the GCR is tripped. gages will display the available voltage & frequency from the right engine generator.select BATT VOLT > .the AC gauges will display zero. Bus. These gauges will also display zero when the engine is running .102 100 50 380 150 420 400 AC VOLTS FREQUENCY AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L PWR VOLT/FREQ APU AMPS 50 100 50 25 0 50 25 50 100 BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ In the “R” position .

the battery voltage displays on the inner scale of the DC gauge. If the charger is charging the batteries .you may observe a voltage much higher than the 28 Volt normal battery voltage.in the BATT VOLT position.103 100 50 380 150 420 400 AC VOLTS FREQUENCY AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L PWR VOLT/FREQ APU AMPS 50 100 50 25 0 50 25 50 100 BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ In the BATT VOLT position .C. The pointer should not deflect to the left . When the charger is not charging the batteries .select BATT AMP> .) NEXT .this gauge will display the available battery voltage (normally 28 Volts D.

104
100 50 380 150 420 400

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L
PWR VOLT/FREQ APU

AMPS
50 100 50 25 0 50 25 50 100

BATT VOLT BATT AMP

-VOLTS+

In the BATT AMP position - the current flow in-to or out-of the batteries is displayed on the upper scale of this gauge. Here - you can see the effect of the charger as it delivers amperage (current) into the batteries. With BATT AMP selected - The pointer deflects to the left when the charger is operating. Deep charge is indicated by a steady left deflection of 40 to 65 amps. Charge maintenance is indicated by occasional pulses to the left. NEXT >

105
100 50 380 150 420 400

AC VOLTS

FREQUENCY

AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L
PWR VOLT/FREQ APU

AMPS
50 100 50 25 0 50 25 50 100

BATT VOLT BATT AMP

-VOLTS+

In this example - you can see the batteries being drained. The situation that would cause this - would be turning “ON” the EMER PWR switch. The BATT AMP pointer deflects to the right when the batteries are draining. NEXT >

106

In this example the engines and the APU are shut down. The EXT PWR is applied to the Left and Right systems. The volt/freq. selector switch is at the BATT AMP position. Every few minutes the battery charger pulses a charge to the batteries - as shown here by the AMP needle deflecting to the left. Next >

CSD

CSD
AC VOLTS FREQUENCY

PUSH FOR RISE

CSD TEMP

AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L

AMPS

L GEN
RESET OFF ON

APU GEN
RESET NORM
AC LOAD

R GEN
RESET OFF ON

PWR

BATT VOLT BATT AMP

-VOLTS+

VOLT/FREQ
APU

AC LOAD

AC LOAD

APU PWR AVAIL

APU

L AC BUS

EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO

R AC BUS

EMER PWR OFF ON

EMER PWR IN USE

DC

DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN

DC
OFF ON

BATT

One APU generator “reset” switch.107 On this frame. Next for a closeup view > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT . we highlight Two engine generator switches. and three loadmeters.

The APU reset switch is spring loaded to NORM.5 . The GCR will need to be reset if a fire procedure has been performed . The GR will automatically close when the voltage & frequency are proper. (right Generator above) The Left Generator switch is ON.5 . The normal position for the engine generator switches is ON.25 AC LOAD 1.25 1.5 1. NEXT > .108 L GEN RESET OFF ON .5 1. The RESET is used to reset the GCR.25 AC LOAD AC LOAD The RESET positions of these 3 switches are spring loaded (momentary).the generators come on line during engine start. The GR will open if the voltage & frequency are out of limits as determined by the Generator Control Panel.or if an electrical fault has occurred. With the engine generator switches ON .0 1.5 .0 1.5 .0 APU GEN RESET NORM R GEN RESET OFF ON . The OFF position keeps the Generator Relay (GR) open.

5 .5 1.5 . . . 1.5 equals 50% of generator capacity.25 1.5 .5 equals 150% of generator capacity.0 although more is allowable for very short periods of time.0 1.0 1. 1.0 APU GEN RESET NORM R GEN RESET OFF ON .5 .25 equals 25% of generator capacity.5 1.25 AC LOAD AC LOAD GEN GCP The load meters display the amount of load from a generator to the electrical system. NEXT > GEN GCP LEFT GENERATOR BUS RIGHT GENERATOR BUS .0 equals 100% of generator capacity. The normal loads are under 1.109 L GEN RESET OFF ON .25 AC LOAD 1.

Next > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT . Two toggle switches for each electrical source are installed.110 We will now discuss the APU & EXTERNAL control panel in detail.

The APU has a higher priority than the EXT PWR. Generator Bus is not already powered by the engine driven generator or the APU generator. NEXT > . Generator Bus is not already powered by the engine driven generator. Turning on the APU switches allows the APU generator power to flow to the respective system if the A.C.111 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS The APU and the EXT PWR have a left and a right system toggle switch.C. Turning on the EXT PWR switches allows the external power to flow to the respective system if the A. The engine generator has a higher priority than the APU or the EXT PWR.

Watch what happens to the round blue “inuse” lights.as the left APU “in-use” light comes on. We will turn on the APU left switch. You will see the External Power “in-use” light go out .112 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS In this frame the EXT PWR is applied to both the left and right systems. NEXT > NEXT > . Notice that the APU power is also available.

NEXT > .C. The right system switches operate the same.the APU will power the system over the External Power due to priorities that are built in to the system.113 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS Now the External power is applied to the right system only. Generator Bus. The APU generator is powering the left A. With the APU switches ON .

it will power the systems. NEXT to animate turning off the switches > . Since the APU has a higher priority . You should turn off the EXT PWR switches when the EXT PWR is not in use.114 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS The APU & EXT PWR are both AVAIL in this frame and all 4 switches are ON. The EXT PWR can now be unplugged by ground personnel..

115 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS .

116 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS .

117 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS .

118 APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL R AC BUS The APU round blue “power in use” lights will stay on until you start an engine. NEXT > To Replay . When you start the left engine .115 ENTER . The engine driven generators have a higher priority than the APU.the left APU “in use” light will go out as the left engine driven generator powers the left system.

C.R. Next > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT . & D.119 We will now discuss the A.C. loadmeters. CROSSTIE SWITCHES and the T.

NEXT > APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC .C.C. When a crosstie is not needed. The AC Crosstie Relay can only close for engine generator crosstie operations . If a fault (short) occurs on either system .120 The A. the relay will close automatically whenever an A.the A. Crosstie is needed. Crosstie Relay will “lockout” to protect the good system from connecting to a possible faulted system. In AUTO.C.or for APU crosstie operations .when inflight. Crosstie Relay switch is normally in the AUTO position. the relay will automatically open.

C.the T. bus in the event of a failure of either DC bus. Crosstie switch is normally set at OPEN.’s on one side will power both Left & Right DC buses. There are 4 needles that each represent the workload performed by a Transformer Rectifier. NEXT > APU PWR AVAIL L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC .C. DC Bus fault protection is provided by a fuse.R.C. Crosstie relay may be manually closed to recover a D. When closed .121 The D. The D.

If 2 T. 50% is indicated by the .3 on the scales.122 1. NEXT > . 100% of load is indicated by the 1 index.you will have to move the DC CROSSTIE switch to the CLOSE position. The normal load is shown on these gages. One T.R.5 DC 1 . This action will put out the annunciator light and both DC buses will be powered by the T.5 CLOSE OPEN 0 0 0 LOAD LOAD The DC Loadmeters display the amount of work performed by each of the Transformer Rectifiers.5 1 . The maximum needle split between any two needles is 30% or .5 index.5 1.5 1.R.5 DC BUS X TIE 1.R.R.5 1 ...5 0 DC 1 .the amber DC BUS OFF annunciator light will come on and the respective DC bus will be inoperative. To power the bus from the opposite T. etc. can power an entire DC Bus.’s .’s on one electrical system.’s on one electrical system fail .

NEXT to turn ON the EMR PWR Switch > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT . We will now describe the operation of the Emergency Power Switch.123 The Battery Switch is a 2 position lever lock action switch. The Battery Switch must be ON for flight operations.

The EMER PWR IN USE white light comes on when the EMER PWR switch is turned ON.124 When the EMER PWR switch is turned ON .the BATT AMP needle deflects to the right showing a discharge of the batteries. and D.C. Next > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .C. This action removes the charger from the batteries and powers the A. Emergency Buses from the Battery Direct Bus.

125 The aircraft is at the gate in this example with the engines not running. NEXT to show the APU Power Available > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

NEXT to select the Left APU Power switch to ON > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT . The APU generator GCR will be tripped if the APU was incorrectly shut-down by use of the Fire Control Switch.126 Recall that it may be necessary to RESET the GCR on the APU generator after APU start.

127 NEXT to select the Right APU Power switch to the ON position > L GEN RESET OFF ON CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

128 NEXT to show the EXT PWR switches turned OFF > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

the Captain will tell the ground crew to pull the EXT PWR plug from the aircraft.129 In preparation for departure . NEXT to show the EXT PWR disconnected from the aircraft > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

130 Notice that the Volt Meter selector is now positioned to monitor the left engine generator during the start. NEXT to show this panel after the left engine is started > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

131 Due to the action of the Generator Control Panel. the engine driven generator came on line automatically when the output voltage and frequency came up during engine start. The left APU switch may now be turned OFF. NEXT to move the Volt Meter Selector > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

132 NEXT to show this panel after the right engine is started > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

NEXT to show the right APU power switch turned OFF and the Volt Meter Selector positioned for flight > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .133 After the second engine start the pilot will move the Volt Meter Selector to the BATT AMP position to monitor the Battery Charger during flight.

the APU PWR AVAIL light will extinguish. NEXT > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .134 The APU can now be shut down. When the APU is shut-down.

NEXT to show the right engine driven generator inoperative > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .135 If an engine generator fails an AC Crosstie will occur.

The galley power is shutoff during an AC Crosstie. NEXT to return to normal operations > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .the R GEN OFF light. Only one annunciator light comes on in this example .136 An AC Crosstie has allowed the left engine driven generator to power both electrical systems.

137 This frame displays normal operation for takeoff. The APU is shut down. NEXT to show a situation where the pilot may desire to keep the APU running for the takeoff > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

the APU can be operated during the takeoff with both APU electrical switches in the ON position. This procedure provides the APU as a backup electrical source. If an engine generator fails during the takeoff .the APU will pick up the load.138 If desired . NEXT > CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT .

The APU GEN OFF light will extinguish if the APU power is used on either the left or right system. NEXT to show the right generator inoperative > L GEN OFF R GEN OFF CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT APU GEN OFF .the APU GEN OFF light will be illuminated for the takeoff.139 In this situation .

NEXT quesstions> CSD CSD AC VOLTS FREQUENCY PUSH FOR RISE CSD TEMP AC VOLT/FREQ DC BUS VOLT R EXT L AMPS L GEN RESET OFF ON APU GEN RESET NORM AC LOAD R GEN RESET OFF ON PWR BATT VOLT BATT AMP -VOLTS+ VOLT/FREQ APU AC LOAD AC LOAD APU PWR AVAIL APU L AC BUS EXT PWR AVAIL AC BUS X TIE OPEN AUTO R AC BUS EMER PWR OFF ON EMER PWR IN USE L GEN OFF R GEN OFF DC DC BUS X TIE CLOSE OPEN DC OFF ON BATT APU GEN OFF . All electrical systems remain powered.140 The right engine driven generator is inoperative. The APU picks up the load before the AC Crosstie due to priority of the electrical system.

141 QUESTION What 2 busses are powered by the aircraft batteries when the Emergency Power switch is turned ON? a. AC Emergency & DC Emergency b. DC Transfer & Battery Bus The correct answer is “a” NEXT > .

DC Transfer & Battery Bus The correct answer is “b” NEXT > . AC Emergency & DC Emergency b.142 QUESTION What 2 busses are powered by the aircraft batteries (on a cold airplane) when the Battery switch is turned ON? a.

C. Crosstie switch? a.143 QUESTION What is the normal position for the A. OPEN The correct answer is “a” NEXT > . AUTO b.

144 QUESTION What is the normal position for the D. Crosstie switch? a. OPEN The correct answer is “b” NEXT > .C. AUTO b.

a.145 QUESTION A CSD disconnect can be reset inflight. False The correct answer is “b” NEXT > . True b.

146

QUESTION

What is the maximum split between any 2 paired T.R. needles?
a. 20% b. 30%

The correct answer is “b”

NEXT >

147
GCP

L GEN

R GEN

Left Grd. Cooling Fan
GCP

APU PWR AVAIL
GCP

Gallley Pwr.
EXT PWR AVAIL

Right Grd. Cooling Fan

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

Gallley Pwr.

Primary Trim
LEFT AC BUS

Ground Service AC BUS

RIGHT AC BUS

Auxiliary Pump
TR 1 TR 2
CHARGER

TR 2

TR 1

On this frame we show some large components that are powered by the Generator Buses.

NEXT >

148
L GEN

GCP

R GEN

APU PWR AVAIL
L GEN OFF
GCP GCP

AC CROSSTIE LOCKOUT

R GEN OFF

L AC BUS OFF

R AC BUS OFF

LEFT GENERATOR BUS

EXT PWR AVAIL

RIGHT GENERATOR BUS

LEFT AC BUS

Ground Service AC BUS

RIGHT AC BUS

TR 1

TR 2
CHARGER

TR 2

TR 1

LEFT DC BUS

RIGHT DC BUS

DC BUS OFF

EMER. INVERTER
EMR PWR IN USE

DC TRANSFER BUS

DC TRANSFER BUS OFF

OFF

ON

BATT OFF

B
AC EMER BUS
AC EMER BUS OFF

B

ON

DC EMER BUS
DC EMER BUS OFF

Use this frame to review the system. NEXT to END >

BATT. DIRECT

BATTERY BUS

NEXT >

DIAGRAM & A. XTIE RELAY APU GENERATOR EXTERNAL POWER ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL THE END 3 ENTER 22 ENTER 40 ENTER 50 ENTER 57 ENTER 72 ENTER 82 ENTER 96 ENTER NEXT .C.149 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS CONSTANT SPEED DRIVE GENERATOR CONTROL RELAY GENERATOR RELAY ELEC.

150 AEROMEXICO THE END MD-80 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Part 1 .