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II PUC

Topic: Differential

Calculus

Sub-topic:

Derivatives

Very Short Answer Questions Objl Sped Diff.level K Easy

1.

If f(x)

= Xl + -3 '

1

x

find FCI).

HintlKey:

o

2.

Ify

= log

~tan x , find ely . dx

U Average

HintlKey: cosec 2x

3.

.!!_
ax

(xII.+ aX + all.)

K Easy

Hint/Key: axil.-! + aX log a

4.

.!!_
ax

(sin'! x + cos" x)

A Difficult

HintlKey: 0 5. Ify

= logs

2 + sin-I

x find YI.

A Difficult

Hint/Key: 1 ~1- x2

6.

If Y = x log y + Y log x
Hint/Key: (~
X

= 5 find

dy . x

K Average

+log

e

Y)
cos 2x find Y2. U Average

- + loge x
y

7.

Ify

= sin 5x

n ruc

HintIKey:
- _!_ [ 49 sin 7x

2

+ 9 sin 3x ]
U Average

8.

If'flx) =

1 (x - 2) (x +3)

find f(3).

HintlKey:

~ [ (x ~3)2

-

(X~2)']

Short Answer Questions

9.

d Ify = tan (3x)0 find D, where D = dx. Hint/Key: 37r -. sec o (3x t Key: rr.c = 1800 180

U Difficult

10.

a dy If x = at. y = -, find ~ . t dx
HintIKey: 1
(2

U

Average

11.

dy Ify = tan (log, x) prove that dx

=

1 + y2
x

U

Difficult U Average

12.

If Y = sin h-I (sec x) find : HintIKey: sec x tan x ~1 + sec" x

.

13.

If

sin -I x fi d dy n -. cos " y dx HintIKey: 7r 2 ~1 - x2 (sin-I x) y=

K

Easy

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14.

Ify = cos" ~, HintIKey: ~1

find dy . dx

K Easy

1 - x2

Key: x ~ sin 0

15.

Ify = log, [x + HintIKey:

~X2

_a2]

find dy . dx

U Easy

1

16.

Iff(x) = 3e2x + 5e-2x prove that f''(e) = 4(3e2e + 5 e-2e).

K Easy

17. Ify=

~X2 ~X2

+5

+~X2 ~X2

-5
-

+5 -

find dy . dx 5

U Average

HintlKey: -

5

1[2 )x h']
x
+
4 -

25
U

18.

If y = ~ SIn -1 X + ~ . HintIKey:

. SIn -\ X

~ +sm

• -\

x........

00

find dy . dx

Average

1
(2y-l)~ 19. Ifcos ( x + x-y

y) ~ a, prove that
COS-I

dy = y dx x

U Average

HintIKey: Key by definition of inverse function. 20. Ify
=

sin-l (3x - 4x3) +

(4x3

-

3x), then prove that

dy =0. dx

U Average

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HiotlKey:

o

21

.

_' dy Ify = f(x2) and rex) = sin x find-.
HiotIKer 2x sin (x)

dx

A Difficult

22.

Ify = tan"

1 +sin x dy --prove that I-sin x dx

=- .

1

2

23.

Ify = tan-1 [ cos x ]. find dy . 1 +sin x dx HiotIKey:
1

A Difficult

2 24. o 1 - (}] If y = sin' ,[ - 1 cos - + J2 sin - w here J2 2 2 2 HiotIKey:
1

a = cos -, x Ii d y.' In

A Difficult

2~ 25. ely Ify = COS-I [ 1- (log x)'2 ] ,find - at x = e. 1 + (log x) dx HintlKey:
1

A Difficult

e
26. If y =
?,ogrx

find dy . dx

U Average

HiotIKey: loge 7

r=:

x

27.

loge x If xY = e" - Y prove that dy = dx (loge (ex))2 . HintIKey: Key taking log on b, s.

U Average

207

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Long Answer Questions 28. , Y dy yxy-I +y" log y If x + Y' = 1 prove that - = .:....._--.:.....____;::......;_ dx xy'" -\ +x" log x HintIKey: Individual term taking log and differentiate. 29. Ifx = a (8 - sin 8), y = a(l - cos 8), prove that HintIKey: d2y -1 4B --=cosec dx' 4a 2

U Average

U Average

Derivates of x and y with respect to 8 then using sub-multiple rule. 30. If y =sirr' [ cot "
~

x

find dy . dx

U

Average

HintlKey:
1

2 Key x = cos 8

31. Differentiate tan-!
X:;c

(Jld x

-I)

U

with respect to tan" x where

Average

o.

HintlKey:
1

2 32. Differentiate cosec 3x w.r.t x from first principle. HintIKey: -3 cosec 3x cot 3x 33. Find derivative of cos2 x w.r.t. x from first principles. HintIKey: - sin 2x 34. If x..[f+Y K Easy
U

Easy

+ Y Jl + x = 0 and x

:;c y

prove that

K Easy

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ax -

dy _

-1
(x +1)2 .

35.

If sin y "'"x sin (a + y) prove that : HintIKey: HintIKey:
x "'" _S_In___::_y_ sin(x + y)

sin2 (a + y)
SIn

K

a

Easy

36. Ify "'" (m sin

COS-I

x) prove that (1- X2)Y2 XYI+ m2y "'" O.

U
Average

37.

Differentiate

x1og,x

+(loge

xY

with respect to x.

U Average

HintIKey: (logeX)x-1 [t + log x -log (log x) ] + 3x1og x - ].log x. 38.

If

p"
Jl _ y6

+ Jt - y6 "'"a3 (x3 _I) find dy .

HintIKey:
x2

ax

U Average

y2 Jl _x6 39.
2

Ifx

+i

"'" prove a -xy
2

that

--+ "'" ax
d2

-6a2 (X+2y)3

.

U Average

40.

Ify
x(x2

= tan"
-

1) Y2 + (2x2

Jx

2

-1, prove that
-

A

1)YI=O.

Difficult

41.

Differentiate tan-! (Jt HintIKey: Key: x= tan O

+X2

-

x) with respect to x.

A Difficult

1 2

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42.

Ifx = sin 8, y:::: sin ~ e prove that (1 - x2) Y2- XYI + P Y = O.

A Difficult

43.

If y= A [x + (x2
-

.r;z;t t + B [x ~ ~
dx

]"prove that

U

d2 y dy 2 1) -- 2 +x ~ - n y= O.

Average

dx

44.

Differentiate tan' 1 HintlKey: Key x ;::;; 8 cos
1

[Fx-Fx]
v,
"..-;-:
'1'.1-

+v1-

f1""-:
X

w.r.t. x.

A Difficult

2~ 45. Ifx = 3 sin 28 + 2 sin 3 8 y = 2 cos 3 8 - 3 cos 28 d2 y find -2-' Hint/Key: 3B 58 sec - sec ~
A

Difficult

dx

2

2

24 Key: Transformation formula 46. If Y m + y
1 -

m

-1

= 2x

prove that dy

A Difficult

2 d2 y (x -l)--+x~ 2

dx

dx

-m

2

y=O.

Hint/Key:
ylfm = t.

47.

Ify = cos [a tan-I x] prove that (1 + x2) Y2+ 2x( 1+ X2)YI + a2y = O. If Y

A Difficult bx c +--+1, (x- b) (x -c) x-c
U A

48.

=

ax2 ~------+ (x -a) (x- b) (x -c)

verage

dy = -y{ prove that dx x

-- abe}+ -a-x

b-x

+ --

c-x

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HintlKey: Simplify 'yO to get y =
3

(x - a) (x - b) (x - c)

x

Then take log and differentiation.

~.-=-

...