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Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania

Professor Goldstein Spring 2012

International Security
This lecture course introduces students to the subfield of international security or strategic studies. In order to grasp the usefulness of the theoretical ideas presented in readings and lectures, abstract concepts are linked with a study of various national security policies states have adopted in the decades since World War II. The questions the course explores include the following: What are the requirements for ensuring a nation’s security? What are the fundamental distinctions among the alternative strategies available to states and to their adversaries? What strategies have the U.S. and others have adopted? To what extent have these strategic choices reflected a clearly defined national interest, domestic political and economic pressures, international constraints, and the state of military technology? What lessons, if any, does the history of international security relations during the Cold War suggest about security in the 21st century? Among the many topics we examine are current debates about nuclear proliferation, terrorism, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the rise of China, Asian “flashpoints” (Korea, the Taiwan Strait), and US security policy for the 21st century-- considering some of the main strategic alternatives available to the US as well as their implications for the types of forces deployed (the impact of the “revolution in military affairs,” the future of missile defense, and the economic burden to be shouldered). Caveat: This course examines the intersection of political, military, and strategic affairs. Many important topics in international relations are set aside. Students seeking a broader focus should plan on taking Political Science 150, International Relations in Theory and Practice. Students looking for a course covering the full range of U.S. foreign policy issues are encouraged to take a class on American foreign policy. Those interested in exploring specific regional rivalries in depth are encouraged to consider classes more narrowly focused on a single region (e.g., Middle East, Balkans, Northern Ireland, East Asia, and South Asia). This course does include discussion of both history and contemporary conflicts, but mainly to illuminate the usefulness of enduring strategic principles and to provide lessons that may be instructive for grasping the security challenges ahead.

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The Course Listserv will be used to send out announcements. marked with an asterisk (*) on syllabus. the book will also be available for purchase at the University of Pennsylvania bookstore. tell us and we will add you to the list the university automatically generates. or exchanges of views that have appeared in journals. If you are not. can be accessed through the Blackboard website for this class at http://courseweb. (2) Others. Course Website and Listserv The Blackboard website: I will post topics to be covered in each lecture.edu/.cgi These readings available online through Blackboard include several extended selections from Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. 2 .Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 COURSE REQUIREMENTS Readings Required readings are listed below each topic on the lecture and reading schedule.edu/cgi-bin/res/sr. these are typically cases where I have selected very short essays. and links to other relevant resources online.library. however. If you prefer to read them offline.upenn. readings not in the books available for purchase.upenn. course announcements. supplemental materials. Arms and Influence (New Haven: Yale University Press. or through Penn’s library website at http://www. 2008). Please be sure that you are receiving these email messages. Thomas. (1) Some required readings are contained in the following paperback book available for purchase at the University of Pennsylvania bookstore: Schelling. (3) Although there are many required readings listed under some of the topics.

especially during the last half of the course. May 7. Grades: Midterm exam Take-home essay Final exam Recitation 25% 25% 40% 10% NOTE: ACADEMIC INTEGRITY Plagiarism. explore contemporary debates about international security. Take-home Essay (4-5 pages): Topic distributed February 23.edu/provost/PennBook/academic_integrity_code_of Any student who violates the Code will receive a failing grade for the work in question and will be referred to the Judicial Inquiry Officer for further action. please see http://www. 3 . use of another person’s work.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Exams: Please note all dates and make your plans accordingly (Alternate exams are not scheduled) 1. Final Exam: Monday. and submission of work used in another course are examples of violations of the University of Pennsylvania Academic Code of Integrity.upenn. prior possession of an examination. 9-11am Recitations: Students are expected to participate in a weekly recitation where there will be ample opportunity to discuss the lectures and readings. raise questions for clarification. essay due March 1. For further clarification. 3. Note: This is not a research paper and in writing it you need only draw on the readings and lectures for this course. misconduct during an examination. Midterm Exam (in-class): February 16 Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 2. and.

4. 5. Nuclear Proliferation 1. Formative Years: Containment (Truman) New Look and Massive Retaliation (Eisenhower) Flexible Response: Cuba and Vietnam (Kennedy/Johnson) Détente and Nuclear Anxieties (Nixon/Ford) Deterrence Denounced and “Star Wars” (Reagan) Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 B. and France III. Phase I: “Operation Enduring Freedom” 4. Existing Nuclear Weapons States C. Arms Racing and Arms Control G. Afghanistan War. Security Challenges in the Post-Cold War Era A. US Security Policy 1. Command.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Outline of Course Topics I. Terrorism and Counterterrorist Operations 1. Means. 2. Beyond MAD 1. Terrorism 2. Britain. Missile Defenses 3. Asia and the Rise of China E. Current Cases: North Korea and Iran D. The “Revolution in Military Affairs” 2. The Home Front 3. 3. Deterrence of the Strong by the Weak: China. Iraq War: “Operation Iraqi Freedom” 5. Cold War Era: Strategy and Experience A. Control. New Technology and Security Concerns 1. Extended Deterrence and Defense 2. and Cyberconcerns F. Phase II: The Surge and After B. Afghanistan War. Background 2. Basic Concepts II. Strategy 4 . Choices: Ends.

101-124. The Use of Force.. John Lewis. and Bruce J. National Security. pp. pp. pp. Arms and Influence. 190-220. pp. Arms and Influence. 24] *Smoke. Avery. 63-100. 1-34. The Use of Force.” from Art and Waltz. Blight. eds. pp. Allyn. pp.. pp. eds. Détente and Nuclear Anxieties (Nixon/Ford) [February 9] *Smoke. 213-238. New Look and Massive Retaliation (Eisenhower) [January 31] *Smoke. 5-21. National Security. “The Cuban Missile Crisis. 22-62. MIDTERM EXAM (in class) February 16 5 . 3. 4. Schelling. Goldstein..Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 Lecture Topics and Reading Schedule I. National Security. 5th ed. National Security. US Security Policy 1. Cold War Era: Superpower Strategy and Experience A. 236-263. 5. 19. Basic Concepts [January 17. Flexible Response: Cuba and Vietnam (Kennedy/Johnson) Cuba [February 2] *Smoke. 175-216. pp. *Welch. James G. Formative Years: Containment (Truman) [January 26] *Smoke. pp. National Security and the Nuclear Dilemma (hereafter National Security). Art and Kenneth N. 69-189. Richard. Schelling. David A. pp. pp. 5th ed.” from Robert J. Waltz.. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. National Security. Vietnam [February 7] *Gaddis. 189-212. “Flexible Response and Vietnam. Thomas. 26-32. Deterrence Denounced and “Star Wars” (Reagan) [February 14] *Smoke. II.. 2.

1 (January /February 1998). 81. *Betts. pp. 1 (Winter 2010). Extended Deterrence and Defense [February 21] Schelling. 2. Beyond MAD 1. Vol.” Foreign Affairs Vol. “America the Vulnerable. 1-57 Take Home Essay Distributed February 23 Due March 1 III. The Home Front [March 1] *Flynn.edu/blog/2011/09/06/thomas-c-schellingwhatever-happened-to-nuclear-terrorism/?pfstyle=wp. Arms and Influence.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania B. pp.uchicago. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. 8] 6 . Thomas C. No. Paul R. 60-74. Britain. Stephen E. No. 1 (January-February 2002).” Foreign Affairs. 35-69. pp. Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 2. Terrorism [February 28] *Pillar. 85. 21.” Mediterranean Quarterly. The Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism “Whatever Happened to Nuclear Terrorism?. Foreign Affairs Vol. Richard. Security Challenges in the Post-Cold War Era A.” (September 6 2011) http://cpost. Terrorism and Counterterrorist Operations 1. pp. 5 (September/October 2006). 26-41. 77. 1-14. “The Diffusion of Terrorism. John “Is There Still a Terrorist Threat?: The Myth of the Omnipresent Enemy. Vol. pp. and France [February 23] *Goldstein. Spring Break [March 6. No. “The New Threat of Mass Destruction. Deterrence of the Strong by the Weak: China. 2-8. *Schelling. No. *Mueller. pp.

89. Michael E. Eric and Aki Peritz. 1 (January/February 2011).” Foreign Affairs.” JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly. *Lodal. Afghanistan War. and Daryl G. Vol. “The Nukes We Need. pp. Gian P. Press. 88. 5 (September/October 2010). “How to Leave a Stable Iraq. No. pp. 145-46. 47-63. 2 (March/April 2010). no.S. No. Michael. “The New Find-Fix-Finish Doctrine. “The Three Futures for Afghanistan: Why the Country Needs a Long-Term Commitment from the United States.. pp. 42-50. Pollack. “A Flawed Masterpiece. 94101. 81. 20-26. “The Counterforce Fantasy. pp. “Plan B in Afghanistan: Why a De Facto Partition Is the Least Bad Option.” Foreign Affairs Vol.3 (May/June 2002). vol. 5.” Foreign Affairs. 52 (1st Quarter 2009). John J. 2011. Zalmay. Jan. Kenneth M. Vol. B. Kenneth M.” Foreign Policy. *Blackwill. 87. vol. 4. “Staying Power: The U. *Nagl. 39-51. 32-47 *Mearsheimer. Phase II: The Surge and After [March 20] *O’Hanlon. pp. Robert D. pp. *Lieber. no.” JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly.” Foreign Affairs. Afghanistan War. 89. No. Keir A.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 3. *Rosenbach. December 16. Existing Nuclear Weapons States [March 22] *Goldstein. “Let’s Build an Army to Win All Wars. pp. pp. *Khalilzad. 40-58. pp. pp. http://www. no.foreignaffairs. pp. 134 (January/February 2003). no. “An Unnecessary War. *Gentile.” Foreign Affairs. Michael E. Iraq War: “Operation Iraqi Freedom” [March 15] *Pollack. vol. 90. No. Stephen.” Foreign Affairs. Phase I: “Operation Enduring Freedom” [March 13] *O’Hanlon . Walt. No. 63-79. vol. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. 61 (2011 2nd Quarter).” Foreign Affairs. 7 . 52 (1st Quarter 2009). and Stephen M. 27-33. John A. 81 No. 217-256. 50-59. Mission in Afghanistan Beyond 2011. 6 (November/December 2009). 2 (March/April 2002). pp.com/articles/136870/zalmaykhalilzad/the-three-futures-for-afghanistan?page=show. no.” JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly. O’Hanlon. “Next Stop Baghdad?” Foreign Affairs. 5 (September/October 2008). “Let’s Win the Wars We’re In. * Biddle.

2 (March/April 2010). *Wang. 89. 4 (2009). *Friedberg.” Foreign Affairs. 2 (March/April 1996). “China’s Search for a Grand Strategy. no. “What Do They Really Want?: Obama’s North Korea Conundrum. (2011). “Hegemony with Chinese Characteristics. no.org/greatdebate/dragons-3816.” The National Interest. http://nationalinterest. no. Krepinevich Jr. 32. “Managing Vulnerability. and Ivan Oelrich. E.. vol. pp. A. pp. 12] 1. 2 (March/April 2010). 150-52. vol. 66-81. 37-54.” Foreign Affairs. New Technology and Security Concerns [April 10. “After Iran Gets the Bomb. Nuclear Proliferation 1. D. vol. *Lindsay.. pp. 2 (March/April 2010). 90. pp. C. 75. vol. *Edelman.” Foreign Affairs. 33-49. vol. “Failure to Yield. pp.. 18-27. Andrew F. 89. *Kristensen. pp. 148-50. Eric S. 1 (January/February 2011). James M. pp. Hans M. “The Great Debate: Here Be Dragons” The National Interest. (Jul/Aug2011) Issue 114. 2009). vol. no.” Foreign Affairs. and Evan Braden Montgomery. Asia and the Rise of China [April 3. Current Cases: North Korea and Iran [March 29] *Cha. pp. Ross. 257-298.” Washington Quarterly. Matthew McKinzie. 119-38. 89. “Lieber and Press Reply. no. 146-48. no.” Foreign Affairs. The “Revolution in Military Affairs” [April 10] *Cohen. J. pp. pp.” Foreign Affairs. 19-34. *Lieber. 89. no. Keir and Daryl Press. 2 (March/April 2010). Background [March 27] *Goldstein. “A Revolution in Warfare. vol. 5] *Friedberg. Aaron L. 103 (September/October. 8 . vol. 2. No.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 *Acton. pp. “The Dangers of a Nuclear Iran: The Limits of Containment. 68-79. Victor D. Eliot A. and Robert S. 90. and Ray Takeyh. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. James M.” Foreign Affairs.

Matthew McKinzie. no. 221-286 *Blair. 3 (May-June 2011). 70-76. no.” Paper presented at the Hearing on Rise of the Drones: Unmanned Systems and the Future of War. 86. 25. Vol. 188 (2011).org/cyber. G. Richard. The United States House of Representatives. pp. Valery Yarynich. http://nationalinterest. vol.. 5 (September/October 2010).” The National Interest. pp. No. “Statement of Peter Warren Singer. James M. 6 (November/December 2007). *Joffe. 9-16. no. Andrew.” The National Interest. pp. pp.” Foreign Affairs. “The Great Debate: Nuclear Zero Prophecies. “Less Than Zero: Bursting the New Disarmament Bubble. “Rise of the Drones: Unmanned Systems and the Future of War”. “Death from Above: UAVs and Losing Hearts and Minds. Jeffrey A. 24] *Betts. 7-23. 163-176. 2. Choices: Ends. Strategy [April 19. 3 (Summer 2002). pp. 1-4. no.” in Kristin M. F. “War from Cyberspace. 7-13. vol. Bruce. pp. “Smaller and Safer. 2011. Vol. Command. Arms Racing and Arms Control [April 17] Schelling. “Power and National Security in Cyberspace. No. Peter W. pp. Richard K. *Sluka. 109 (September/October 2010). America’s Cyber Future Security and Prosperity in the Information Age. 88-96. 9 .” Military Review.” The Washington Quarterly. http://www. Means. Davis. pp.” Foreign Policy. 1 (January/February 2011). Vol. March 23 2010. and Kenneth N.” Foreign Affairs.cnas. pp. Scott D. DC: Center for a New American Security. Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs. Lord and Travis Sharp.org/greatdebate/nuclear-option-3949. 3. and Pavel Zolotarev. Arms and Influence. O’Hanlon. “Missile Defense after the ABM Treaty. 2. *Singer. 90. *Nye. and Michael E. “Get Ready for the Democratization of Destruction. Josef and James W. Missile Defenses [April 10] *Lindsay. Waltz. 31-36. eds. Control and Cyberconcerns [April 12] *Clarke.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 *Krepinevich. pp. Joseph S. “A Disciplined Defense. *Sagan. no. Victor Esin. 67-80. Washington. 89. 91. 104 (November/December 2009). vol. No.” Foreign Affairs. Committee on Oversight And Government Reform.

” Foreign Policy. “A Leaner and Meaner Defense: How to Cut the Pentagon’s Budget While Improving Its Performance. “A Balanced Strategy: Reprogramming the Pentagon for a New Age.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 *Gates. *Betts. John J. 111 (2011). *Clinton. no. 10 . 1 (January/February 2011).” National Interest.” Foreign Affairs. “Conflict or Cooperation?” Foreign Affairs. 189 (November 2011). “Imperial by Design. 89. Vol. vol. no. pp. Robert M. no.” Foreign Affairs. Hillary. pp. pp. 6 (November/December 2010). pp. 186-94. 1 (January-February 2009). no. 90. “America’s Pacific Century. *Mearsheimer. *Adams. Gordon and Matthew Leatherman. 16-34. 56-63. No. vol. 139-52. Richard K. 88. 28-40. pp.