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Professor Goldstein Spring 2012
This lecture course introduces students to the subfield of international security or strategic studies. In order to grasp the usefulness of the theoretical ideas presented in readings and lectures, abstract concepts are linked with a study of various national security policies states have adopted in the decades since World War II. The questions the course explores include the following: What are the requirements for ensuring a nation’s security? What are the fundamental distinctions among the alternative strategies available to states and to their adversaries? What strategies have the U.S. and others have adopted? To what extent have these strategic choices reflected a clearly defined national interest, domestic political and economic pressures, international constraints, and the state of military technology? What lessons, if any, does the history of international security relations during the Cold War suggest about security in the 21st century? Among the many topics we examine are current debates about nuclear proliferation, terrorism, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the rise of China, Asian “flashpoints” (Korea, the Taiwan Strait), and US security policy for the 21st century-- considering some of the main strategic alternatives available to the US as well as their implications for the types of forces deployed (the impact of the “revolution in military affairs,” the future of missile defense, and the economic burden to be shouldered). Caveat: This course examines the intersection of political, military, and strategic affairs. Many important topics in international relations are set aside. Students seeking a broader focus should plan on taking Political Science 150, International Relations in Theory and Practice. Students looking for a course covering the full range of U.S. foreign policy issues are encouraged to take a class on American foreign policy. Those interested in exploring specific regional rivalries in depth are encouraged to consider classes more narrowly focused on a single region (e.g., Middle East, Balkans, Northern Ireland, East Asia, and South Asia). This course does include discussion of both history and contemporary conflicts, but mainly to illuminate the usefulness of enduring strategic principles and to provide lessons that may be instructive for grasping the security challenges ahead.
(1) Some required readings are contained in the following paperback book available for purchase at the University of Pennsylvania bookstore: Schelling.cgi These readings available online through Blackboard include several extended selections from Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. Thomas. can be accessed through the Blackboard website for this class at http://courseweb.upenn. (3) Although there are many required readings listed under some of the topics.library. Course Website and Listserv The Blackboard website: I will post topics to be covered in each lecture. The Course Listserv will be used to send out announcements. or through Penn’s library website at http://www. and links to other relevant resources online.upenn. marked with an asterisk (*) on syllabus. the book will also be available for purchase at the University of Pennsylvania bookstore. If you prefer to read them offline. If you are not. Arms and Influence (New Haven: Yale University Press. readings not in the books available for purchase. 2008). (2) Others.edu/cgi-bin/res/sr. or exchanges of views that have appeared in journals. however. supplemental materials. tell us and we will add you to the list the university automatically generates. these are typically cases where I have selected very short essays. Please be sure that you are receiving these email messages. course announcements.edu/. 2 .Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 COURSE REQUIREMENTS Readings Required readings are listed below each topic on the lecture and reading schedule.
and. essay due March 1. 9-11am Recitations: Students are expected to participate in a weekly recitation where there will be ample opportunity to discuss the lectures and readings. especially during the last half of the course.edu/provost/PennBook/academic_integrity_code_of Any student who violates the Code will receive a failing grade for the work in question and will be referred to the Judicial Inquiry Officer for further action. Final Exam: Monday. misconduct during an examination. Note: This is not a research paper and in writing it you need only draw on the readings and lectures for this course. raise questions for clarification. explore contemporary debates about international security.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Exams: Please note all dates and make your plans accordingly (Alternate exams are not scheduled) 1. please see http://www. prior possession of an examination. and submission of work used in another course are examples of violations of the University of Pennsylvania Academic Code of Integrity. Take-home Essay (4-5 pages): Topic distributed February 23. 3. 3 . Grades: Midterm exam Take-home essay Final exam Recitation 25% 25% 40% 10% NOTE: ACADEMIC INTEGRITY Plagiarism.upenn. Midterm Exam (in-class): February 16 Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 2. use of another person’s work. May 7. For further clarification.
The “Revolution in Military Affairs” 2. Missile Defenses 3. 3. Phase II: The Surge and After B. Britain. Afghanistan War. 5. Cold War Era: Strategy and Experience A. Choices: Ends. Control. Formative Years: Containment (Truman) New Look and Massive Retaliation (Eisenhower) Flexible Response: Cuba and Vietnam (Kennedy/Johnson) Détente and Nuclear Anxieties (Nixon/Ford) Deterrence Denounced and “Star Wars” (Reagan) Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 B. The Home Front 3. US Security Policy 1. Means. Strategy 4 . Terrorism 2. Command. and Cyberconcerns F.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Outline of Course Topics I. and France III. Basic Concepts II. Nuclear Proliferation 1. New Technology and Security Concerns 1. Asia and the Rise of China E. 4. Iraq War: “Operation Iraqi Freedom” 5. Background 2. Beyond MAD 1. Terrorism and Counterterrorist Operations 1. Phase I: “Operation Enduring Freedom” 4. Arms Racing and Arms Control G. Existing Nuclear Weapons States C. 2. Deterrence of the Strong by the Weak: China. Current Cases: North Korea and Iran D. Security Challenges in the Post-Cold War Era A. Extended Deterrence and Defense 2. Afghanistan War.
The Use of Force.. New Look and Massive Retaliation (Eisenhower) [January 31] *Smoke. eds. 26-32. Flexible Response: Cuba and Vietnam (Kennedy/Johnson) Cuba [February 2] *Smoke. 69-189. pp. David A. Avery. 175-216. National Security. Vietnam [February 7] *Gaddis. Arms and Influence. *Welch. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. Blight. Cold War Era: Superpower Strategy and Experience A. 2. pp. MIDTERM EXAM (in class) February 16 5 . 22-62. 4. National Security. pp. 101-124. 213-238. 1-34. Détente and Nuclear Anxieties (Nixon/Ford) [February 9] *Smoke. John Lewis. 3. 236-263. National Security. Deterrence Denounced and “Star Wars” (Reagan) [February 14] *Smoke. US Security Policy 1.” from Robert J. 5th ed. 24] *Smoke.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 Lecture Topics and Reading Schedule I. pp. National Security. 5-21. and Bruce J. pp. pp. 63-100. Schelling. Richard. 190-220. The Use of Force. pp. Schelling. 19. pp. 5th ed. National Security and the Nuclear Dilemma (hereafter National Security). 189-212. pp. pp. “The Cuban Missile Crisis.. Arms and Influence. Waltz. 5. Basic Concepts [January 17. “Flexible Response and Vietnam. II.. Formative Years: Containment (Truman) [January 26] *Smoke. pp. Goldstein. Allyn.. eds.” from Art and Waltz. Art and Kenneth N. James G. Thomas. National Security..
pp. 81. No. pp. 8] 6 . Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. Security Challenges in the Post-Cold War Era A.” Foreign Affairs. Paul R. 26-41. 1 (Winter 2010). Richard. pp. 5 (September/October 2006). Beyond MAD 1. No. 60-74.uchicago. Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 2. Vol. Vol. *Schelling. pp. The Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism “Whatever Happened to Nuclear Terrorism?. The Home Front [March 1] *Flynn. John “Is There Still a Terrorist Threat?: The Myth of the Omnipresent Enemy. Extended Deterrence and Defense [February 21] Schelling.” Foreign Affairs Vol. 1 (January /February 1998). No. and France [February 23] *Goldstein. No.” Mediterranean Quarterly. Foreign Affairs Vol. pp. 85. 1-14. 77. *Mueller. Deterrence of the Strong by the Weak: China. Stephen E. “America the Vulnerable. Terrorism and Counterterrorist Operations 1. pp. “The New Threat of Mass Destruction. 2-8. Thomas C.” (September 6 2011) http://cpost. 1-57 Take Home Essay Distributed February 23 Due March 1 III. Terrorism [February 28] *Pillar. 2. Spring Break [March 6. Britain. 1 (January-February 2002). 35-69.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania B. 21. *Betts. “The Diffusion of Terrorism.edu/blog/2011/09/06/thomas-c-schellingwhatever-happened-to-nuclear-terrorism/?pfstyle=wp. Arms and Influence.
S. 52 (1st Quarter 2009). pp.” Foreign Affairs. 81 No. 6 (November/December 2009). pp.” Foreign Policy. no. 94101. “Let’s Build an Army to Win All Wars. “The Counterforce Fantasy. 50-59. Phase II: The Surge and After [March 20] *O’Hanlon. Keir A. Mission in Afghanistan Beyond 2011. Michael. Michael E. * Biddle. *Khalilzad. 89.foreignaffairs. No. 5 (September/October 2010). “The Three Futures for Afghanistan: Why the Country Needs a Long-Term Commitment from the United States. “How to Leave a Stable Iraq. Phase I: “Operation Enduring Freedom” [March 13] *O’Hanlon . Robert D. pp. pp. “The Nukes We Need.” JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly. Vol. pp. O’Hanlon. pp. 27-33. no.” Foreign Affairs. Afghanistan War. vol. John J. 2 (March/April 2010). no. “The New Find-Fix-Finish Doctrine. *Gentile.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 3. 52 (1st Quarter 2009). 81. Eric and Aki Peritz. 40-58. December 16. Walt. “Next Stop Baghdad?” Foreign Affairs.” Foreign Affairs. No. 90. Stephen. Pollack. 2011. pp. 145-46. 87. 1 (January/February 2011). *Rosenbach. “Plan B in Afghanistan: Why a De Facto Partition Is the Least Bad Option. 2 (March/April 2002). 7 . 4. http://www. Kenneth M. and Daryl G. vol. 89. 32-47 *Mearsheimer. “An Unnecessary War. pp. no.” Foreign Affairs. 5 (September/October 2008).” Foreign Affairs. *Lieber. 63-79. Vol. 42-50. and Stephen M. pp. vol. “A Flawed Masterpiece. Jan. “Staying Power: The U.” JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly. pp. pp. 61 (2011 2nd Quarter).3 (May/June 2002). Kenneth M. Press. *Lodal. *Nagl. *Blackwill. “Let’s Win the Wars We’re In. 20-26. Zalmay. No. 134 (January/February 2003)..” Foreign Affairs. Michael E. 39-51. pp. 47-63.” JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly. 217-256.” Foreign Affairs Vol. John A. Iraq War: “Operation Iraqi Freedom” [March 15] *Pollack. No. Gian P.com/articles/136870/zalmaykhalilzad/the-three-futures-for-afghanistan?page=show. 88. No. no. vol. Afghanistan War. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. Existing Nuclear Weapons States [March 22] *Goldstein. 5. B.
and Ivan Oelrich. “The Dangers of a Nuclear Iran: The Limits of Containment. 89.” Foreign Affairs. 33-49. “Hegemony with Chinese Characteristics. 90.” Foreign Affairs.” Foreign Affairs. C. no. 119-38. “The Great Debate: Here Be Dragons” The National Interest. vol. E. 2 (March/April 2010). no.” Foreign Affairs. Victor D. pp. Hans M. 66-81.” Foreign Affairs. 18-27. vol. No. 146-48. Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century. and Robert S. pp. 89. Eliot A. Aaron L. pp. *Lieber. 2 (March/April 2010). A. no. 2.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 *Acton. 1 (January/February 2011).” The National Interest.org/greatdebate/dragons-3816. 89. James M. pp. and Evan Braden Montgomery. Keir and Daryl Press. Nuclear Proliferation 1. The “Revolution in Military Affairs” [April 10] *Cohen. pp.” Washington Quarterly.. “What Do They Really Want?: Obama’s North Korea Conundrum. and Ray Takeyh. vol. 2 (March/April 1996). 68-79. no. “Managing Vulnerability. “China’s Search for a Grand Strategy. vol. James M. Andrew F. D. pp. 2 (March/April 2010). no. Ross. 4 (2009). New Technology and Security Concerns [April 10. pp. (2011). no. Current Cases: North Korea and Iran [March 29] *Cha. 37-54. Krepinevich Jr. 103 (September/October. Background [March 27] *Goldstein. *Friedberg. pp. vol. pp. 5] *Friedberg. 89.” Foreign Affairs. *Wang. 2 (March/April 2010). vol.” Foreign Affairs. 12] 1. “Failure to Yield. 19-34. vol. “Lieber and Press Reply. 2009). *Edelman. 75. vol. no. *Lindsay. 8 . 90. “A Revolution in Warfare. Matthew McKinzie. Eric S.. pp.. 148-50. http://nationalinterest. *Kristensen. “After Iran Gets the Bomb. (Jul/Aug2011) Issue 114. pp. 150-52. 32. 257-298. Asia and the Rise of China [April 3. J.
89. “Death from Above: UAVs and Losing Hearts and Minds. 24] *Betts. DC: Center for a New American Security. 31-36. http://www.” The National Interest. Control and Cyberconcerns [April 12] *Clarke. G. “Less Than Zero: Bursting the New Disarmament Bubble. 188 (2011). no.org/cyber. “Power and National Security in Cyberspace. “Statement of Peter Warren Singer. and Kenneth N. 67-80. Command. O’Hanlon. James M. and Pavel Zolotarev. Vol. “The Great Debate: Nuclear Zero Prophecies. *Nye. no. 9-16. Choices: Ends.” Foreign Affairs. Missile Defenses [April 10] *Lindsay.” Foreign Affairs.” Military Review. no. no. F.” Paper presented at the Hearing on Rise of the Drones: Unmanned Systems and the Future of War. 104 (November/December 2009). “Get Ready for the Democratization of Destruction. 7-23. pp. vol. Committee on Oversight And Government Reform. *Sagan. “Smaller and Safer. pp. pp. Josef and James W. vol. pp. Jeffrey A. 6 (November/December 2007). and Michael E. *Joffe. America’s Cyber Future Security and Prosperity in the Information Age. 1-4. vol.” Foreign Affairs. pp.. The United States House of Representatives. 9 . 90. pp. Joseph S. 5 (September/October 2010).” The National Interest. *Sluka. pp. Means. Arms Racing and Arms Control [April 17] Schelling. pp. No.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 *Krepinevich. Peter W. Strategy [April 19. 3. Victor Esin.cnas. 221-286 *Blair. Arms and Influence. 91. no. 70-76. “War from Cyberspace. Vol.” Foreign Policy. 3 (May-June 2011). March 23 2010. “Rise of the Drones: Unmanned Systems and the Future of War”. Richard K. Matthew McKinzie. Andrew. Davis. *Singer. 25. http://nationalinterest. 2. Washington. “A Disciplined Defense.” in Kristin M. Bruce.” The Washington Quarterly. 163-176. Vol. Valery Yarynich. No. 3 (Summer 2002). 1 (January/February 2011). Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs. 109 (September/October 2010). 7-13. pp. Scott D.org/greatdebate/nuclear-option-3949. “Missile Defense after the ABM Treaty. No. 88-96. Richard. eds. pp. 86. Lord and Travis Sharp. 2011. 2. Waltz.
*Adams. 89. “A Balanced Strategy: Reprogramming the Pentagon for a New Age. vol. pp.” Foreign Affairs.” Foreign Policy. 139-52. no. 56-63. Gordon and Matthew Leatherman. Richard K. “Imperial by Design. “Conflict or Cooperation?” Foreign Affairs. “America’s Pacific Century. pp. 111 (2011).” National Interest. pp.” Foreign Affairs. no.Political Science 151 University of Pennsylvania Professor Goldstein Spring 2012 *Gates. 28-40. *Mearsheimer. pp. vol. *Betts. Robert M. 189 (November 2011). 1 (January/February 2011). no. 1 (January-February 2009). Hillary. 6 (November/December 2010). 88. pp. No. no. 10 . “A Leaner and Meaner Defense: How to Cut the Pentagon’s Budget While Improving Its Performance. 90. 186-94. John J. *Clinton. 16-34. Vol.
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