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In India, the ownership of all mineral resources (including oil & gas) vests with the central government.

It is administered through Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas(MOPNG). Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) is responsible to promote sound management of Indian Hydrocarbon Resources having a balanced regard for environment, safety, technological and economic aspects. It plays a significant role in monitoring the upstream, contract management and regulation. It is also the technical advisor to the Government on all technical matters dealing with upstream. DGH is also responsible for cteating a National Data Repository, and a National Knowledge Hub(NHK) An Oil Industry Safety Board(OISB) has been fonned which is expected to play an increasing role in HSE aspects. An Oil Industry Development Board(OIDB) exists, to encourage the upstream activities. These have till date been limited to NOC's, DOH To coordinate the activities of different agencies/ministries involved with energy, there exists an Energy Coordination Committee in the Prime Ministers Office(PMO). Government of India published a Hydrocarbon Vision 2025, which lays the broad contours/targets for the development of Hydrocarbons. Three Upstream activities in India include On land Offshore & Deepwater E&P Coal Bed Methane(CBM) and a National Gas Hydrate(NGHP). Presently 40 companies are participating in the upstream E&P activities in India , of which 23 are actually operating . The mix cOlllists of aa Public Sector Undertakings (Govemment majority Companies-PSU's), bb Private Indian Companies and cc International Oil companies. Evolution of oil and gas The origin of the Indian oil & gas industry can be traced back to the late 19th century, when oil was first struck at Digboi in Assam in 1889. At independence, oil exploration and production activities were largely confined to the North-Eastern region, particularly Assam and the daily crude oil production averaged just 5,000 barrels per day. In the downstream sector, the first refinery was set up at Digboi in 1901. In view of the significance of the oil & gas sector for overall economic growth, the Government of India, under the Industrial Policy Resolution of 1954, announced that petroleum would be the core sector industry. In pursuance of the Industrial Policy Resolution, 1954, petroleum exploration & production activity was controlled by the government-owned National Oil Companies (NOCs), namely Oil & Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Oil India Private Ltd (OIL).

the domestic oil production increased considerably. 4. leading the two NOCs to meet only about 35% of the domestic oil requirement. under which the fourth. This led the government to announce New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in 1997 (operationalised in 1999) as part of its Hydrocarbon Vision 20251. Under NELP. 2. Factors like the administered oil prices and non-availability of appropriate technology logistics augmented the problem. sixth. At the same time. almost 70% of the country’s oil requirement was met domestically. After the oil shock of 1970s. the Government announced the Joint Venture Exploration Programme. Neelam. Panna. some of the existing oil & gas fields were experiencing a decline in their production since they had already been in production for several years and were past their 3 plateau phase. seventh and eighth rounds of exploration bidding were announced during 1991-94. As a result. Exploring alternate sources of Energy. Mukta. This led the government to initiate Petroleum Sector Reforms (PSR) in 1990. Upto 1990s. Tapti. there were three rounds of exploration bidding with no success in finding new oil/gas deposits by the foreign companies who only were allowed to participate in the bidding process. 3. For the first time. In 1995. gas hydrates. the resource crunch in the beginning of the 1990s that held up the NOCs from developing some of the then newly discovered oil & gas fields (such as Gandhar. etc. licenses for exploration are being awarded only through a competitive bidding system and NOCs are required to compete on an equal footing with Indian and foreign companies to secure Petroleum Exploration Licenses. However. there was a steady increase in consumption of oil & gas. 1981. Geleki and Bombay High Final Development scheme). . this was viewed as a deterrent by major private sector oil companies. Lakwa Phase-II. Improving the recovery of oil and gas from existing fields through methods such as Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR and Increased Oil Recovery (IOR). Apart from this. In addition to NELP. controls were imposed by the Government on the pricing and distribution of crude oil and petroleum products in India. fifth. These include: 1.With the discovery of the Cambay onshore basin (in 1958) and the Bombay offshore basin (in 1974). Acquisition of Oil and Gas assets abroad. other efforts were made to address the need for achieving energy security. had adversely impacted domestic oil production. Ravva. including Coal Bed Methane. Indian companies with or without prior experience in exploration & production activities were allowed to participate in the bidding process during these rounds. by the end of the 1980s. Developing strategic storage facilities at identified locations. in the early 70s. Moreover. Heera Phase-II & III. This resulted into the exit of the international oil companies from the Indian oil & gas industry. a landmark 25-year planning document. the nationalisation of both the upstream & downstream sectors was initiated and was completed on October 14. However.

GeoGlobal Resources Inc. the area under exploration has increased to about 50%. Oil & Gas Logistics Strategically located in all major ports around India. are our number one priority. Prior to implementation of NELP. Newbury. and innovation leads to peace of mind for our customers around the world. Some of these are: * Procurement and Expediting * Warehousing and Distribution * Air. bulk or packaged goods. you receive consistent performance moving your oil and gas logistics equipment and supplies anywhere in the world. means your equipment and supplies. in Jamnagar (about 5 trillion cubic metres). Niko Resources and Cairn Energy into India has helped boost the growth of the industry. when you need them. rigs. Santo. With the conclusion of seven rounds of NELP. 11% of Indian sedimentary basins area was under exploration. Petronas. Our network of experienced team manages the logistics and supply chain requirements for your oil and gas materials and equipment. currently the area under exploration has increased four fold. Providing you with efficient and cost-saving solutions is the goal of our team of dedicated and innovative professionals. One of the world’s largest gas discoveries was made by Reliance Industries Ltd in 2002. assuring your cargo is delivered through 24-hour tracking. Knowledgeable professionals are dedicated to your oil and gas logistics service needs. Practical options for your cargo transport are the common sense answers you need to the complex challenges of the oil and gas market. the customer. . and heavy lift transports are delivered where you need them. Sea and Road Transport * Export Compliance * Line Item Material Tracking * Export Packing – Domestic and Foreign * 24-hour Site Management * Customs Clearance and many more activities You. the entry of international companies like Hardy Oil & Gas. This knowledge of the industry.Consequent to the various initiatives taken by the government. Besides. Network Logistics unique combination of experience. excellence. combined with established relationships. Network Logistics is a key provider of Oil & Gas logistics services. By bringing best practices from around the world.