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By definition, the 19th century lasted from 1801 through 1900 according to the Gregorian calendar.

It is also referred to as the "1800s." The invention of useable electricity, steel, and petroleum products during the 19th century lead to a second industrial revolution (1865–1900), that featured the growth of railways and steam ships, faster and wider means of communication, and inventions with names we all know today. The 19th century was the age of machine tools - tools that made tools - machines that made parts for other machines, including interchangeable parts. The assembly line was invented during the 19th century, speeding up the factory production of consumer goods. The 19th century gave birth to the professional scientist, the word scientist was first used in 1833 by William Whewell. Inventors began to design practical internal combustion engines. The lightbulb, telephone, typewriter, sewing machine, all came of age during the 19th century.

1800
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Frenchmen, J.M. Jacquard invents the Jacquard Loom. Count Alessandro Volta invents the battery. Freidrich Winzer (Winsor) was the first person to patent gas lighting. Richard Trevithick, an English mining engineer, developed the first steam-powered locomotive. Unfortunately, the machine was too heavy and broke the very rails it was traveling on. Humphry Davy invents the first electric light - the first arc lamp. German, Frederick Koenig invents an improved printing press. Joseph Nicéphore Niépce was the first person to take a photograph. He took the picture by setting up a machine called the camera obscura in the window of his home in France. It took eight hours for the camera to take the picture. René Laënnec invents the stethoscope. John Walker invents modern matches. Charles Wheatstone was the first person to coin the phrase microphone. American, W.A. Burt invents a typewriter. Frenchmen, Louis Braille invents braille printing for the blind. William Austin Burt patents a typographer, a predecessor to the typewriter. Frenchmen, Barthelemy Thimonnier invents a sewing machine. American, Cyrus McCormick invents the first commercially successful reaper. Michael Faraday invents a electric dynamo. Jacob Perkins invents an early refrigerator type device - an ether ice machine.

1804
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1809

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1829
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Englishmen, Francis Pettit Smith invents the propeller. Charles Babbage invents a mechanical calculator. Francis Pettit Smith and John Ericcson co-invent the propellor. Samuel Colt invented the first revolver. Samuel Morse invents the telegraph. Samual Morse invents Morse Code. Frenchmen, Louis Daguerre and J.N. Niepce co-invent Daguerreotype photography. Kirkpatrick Macmillan invents a bicycle. Welshmen, Sir William Robert Grove conceives of the first hydrogen fuel cell. Joseph Dart builds the first grain elevator. American, Elias Howe invents a sewing machine. Hungarian, Ignaz Semmelweis invents antisceptics. George Cayley invents a manned glider. George Pullman invents the Pullman Sleeping Car for train travel. Hamilton Smith patents the rotary washing machine. Jean Lenoir invents an internal combustion engine. Elisha Otis patents elevator safety brakes, creating a safer elevator. Pierre Michaux invents a bicycle. Linus Yale invents the Yale lock or cylinder lock. Richard Gatling patents the machine gun. Alexander Parkes invents the first man-made plastic. Alfred Nobel invents dynamite. J. Osterhoudt patents the tin can with a key opener. Englishmen Robert Whitehead invents a torpedo. Christopher Scholes invents the first practical and modern typewriter. George Westinghouse invents air brakes. Robert Mushet invents tungsten steel. J P Knight invents traffic lights.

1836
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1837

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1842

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1861
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1874

American, C. Goodyear, Jr. invents the shoe welt stitcher. Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone. Nicolaus August Otto invents the first practical four-stroke internal combustion engine. Melville Bissell patents the carpet sweeper. Eadweard Muybridge invents the first moving pictures. Sir Joseph Wilson Swan was the first person to invent a practical and longer-lasting electic lightbulb. Alexander Graham Bell invents the first crude metal detector. David Houston patents the roll film for cameras. George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film. Charles Parson patents the steam turbine. Harim Maxim invents the machine gun. Karl Benz invents the first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-combustion engine. Gottlieb Daimler invents the first gas-engined motorcycle. Josephine Cochrane invents the dishwasher. Gottlieb Daimler builds the world's first four-wheeled motor vehicle. German, Heinrich Hertz invents radar. Emile Berliner invents the gramophone. Nikola Tesla invents the AC motor and transformer. Sir James Dewar and Sir Frederick Abel co-invent Cordite - a type of smokeless gunpowder. Jesse W. Reno invents the escalator. Rudolf Diesel invents the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine. Sir James Dewar invents the Dewar flask or vacuum flask. Lumiere Brothers invent a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe. Lumiere Brothers using their Cinematographe are the first to present a projected motion picture to an audience of more that one person. Edwin Prescott patents the roller coaster. John Thurman patents the motor-driven vacuum cleaner.

1876
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Technology, science, and inventions have progressed at an accelerated rate during the hundred years of the 20th century, more so than any other century. We began the 20th century with the infancy of airplanes, automobiles, and radio, when those inventions dazzled us with their novelty and wonder. We end the 20th century with spaceships, computers, cell phones, and the wireless Internet all being technologies we can take for granted.

I900

Charles Seeberger redesigned Jesse Reno's escalator and invented the modern escalator. The first radio receiver, successfully received a radio transmission. Willis Carrier invents the air conditioner. The lie detector or polygraph machine is invented by James Mackenzie. George Claude invented neon light. Bottle-making machinery invented by Michael J. Owens. The Wright brothers invent the first gas motored and manned airplane. Mary Anderson invents windshield wipers. Teabags invented by Thomas Suillivan. Benjamin Holt invents a tractor. Mary Anderson receives a patent for windshield wipers. Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere. The very first piloted helicopter was invented by Paul Cornu. Instant coffee invented by G. Washington. Thomas Edison demonstrated the first talking motion picture. Charles Franklin Kettering invents the first automobile electrical ignition system. The first tank patented by Australian inventor De La Mole. Clarence Crane created Life Savers candy in 1912. Gideon Sundback invented the modern zipper. Garrett A. Morgan invents the Morgan gas mask. Radio tuners invented, that received different stations.

1901

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1918

The superheterodyne radio circuit invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong. Today, every radio or television set uses this invention. The pop-up toaster invented by Charles Strite. Short-wave radio invented. The flip-flop circuit invented. The arc welder invented. The tommy gun patented by John T Thompson. The Band-Aid (pronounced 'ban-'dade) invented by Earle Dickson. Artificial life begins -- the first robot built. John Larson invented the lie detector. Insulin invented by Sir Frederick Grant Banting. The first 3-D movie (spectacles with one red and one green lens) is released. Garrett A. Morgan invents a traffic signal. The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin. John Harwood invented the self-winding watch. Clarence Birdseye invents frozen food. The dynamic loudspeaker invented by Rice and Kellogg. Notebooks with spiral bindings invented. Robert H. Goddard invents liquid-fueled rockets. Philo Taylor Farnsworth invents a complete electronic TV system. Erik Rotheim patents an aerosol can. Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin. Jacob Schick patented the electric shaver. American, Paul Galvin invents the car radio. Yo-Yo re-invented as an American fad. The frozen food process patented by Clarence Birdseye. Frank Whittle and Dr Hans von Ohain both invent a jet engine. Germans Max Knott and Ernst Ruska co-invent the electron microscope. The zoom lens and the light meter invented. Karl Jansky invents the radio telescope. Frequency modulation (FM radio) invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong.

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1933

Stereo records invented. Joseph Begun invents the first tape recorder for broadcasting - first magnetic recording. Bell Labs invents the voice recognition machine. Samuel Colt patents the Colt revolver. Chester F. Carlson invents the photocopier. The first jet engine is built. Nescafe or freeze-dried coffee invented. The first working turboprop engine. Igor Sikorsky invents the first successful helicopter. The electron microscope invented. Peter Goldmark invents modern color television system. Konrad Zuse's Z3, the first computer controlled by software. Aerosol spray cans invented by American inventors, Lyle David Goodloe and W.N. Sullivan. John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry built the first electronic digital computer. The kidney dialysis machine invented by Willem Kolff. The atomic bomb invented. The microwave oven invented by Percy Spencer. Mobile phones first invented. Although cell phones were not sold commercially until 1983. Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley invent the transistor. Robert Hope-Jones invented the Wurlitzer jukebox. Cake mix invented.

1934

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The 50s have always been described as a conservative period socially, however, advancements in technology were about to change all that. During the 50s, television became the dominant media. While television had been invented many years previous, the 50s saw nearly every family buying a television set, and nearly everyone watching television for longer and longer periods of time.

1950

The first credit card (Diners) invented by Ralph Schneider. Super glue invented. Power steering invented by Francis W. Davis. Charles Ginsburg invented the first video tape recorder (VTR). Mr Potato Head patented. The first patent for bar code issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver. The first diet soft drink sold. Edward Teller and team build the hydrogen bomb. David Warren invented the black box - flight recorder. Transistor radio invented by Texas Instruments. Tetracycline invented. Optic fiber invented. The first computer hard disk used. The hovercraft invented by Christopher Cockerell. Bette Nesmith Graham invented "Mistake Out," later renamed Liquid Paper, to paint over mistakes made with a typewriter. Fortran (computer language) invented. The computer modem invented. Gordon Gould invents the laser. The integrated circuit invented by Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce. The internal pacemaker invented by Wilson Greatbatch. Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce both invent the microchip. The halogen lamp invented. The audio cassette invented. The fiber-tip pen invented by Yukio Horie. Spacewar, the first computer video game invented. Dow Corp invents silicone breast implants. The video disk invented. Permanent-press fabric invented. Soft contact lenses invented. NutraSweet invented.

1951
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1963

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1965
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The compact disk invented by James Russell. Electronic Fuel injection for cars invented. The first handheld calculator invented. The computer mouse invented by Douglas Engelbart. The first computer with integrated circuits made. Robert Dennard invented RAM (random access memory). The artificial heart invented. The ATM invented. The bar-code scanner is invented. The floppy disk invented by Alan Shugart. The dot-matrix printer invented. The food processor invented. The liquid-crystal display (LCD) invented by James Fergason. The microprocessor invented by Faggin, Hoff and Mazor. VCR or videocassette invented. Pong first video game invented by Nolan Bushnell. The ethernet (local computer network) invented by Robert Metcalfe and Xerox. Bic invents the disposable lighter. The post-it notes invented by Arthur Fry. The laser printer invented. The ink-jet printer invented. Magnetic resonance imaging invented by Raymond V. Damadian. Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston invented the VisiCalc spreadsheet. The artificial heart Jarvik-7 invented by Robert K. Jarvik. Cell phones invented. Cray supercomputer invented by Seymour Cray. The hepatitis-B vaccine invented. The first IBM-PC invented.

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1980

1981

The scanning tunneling microscope invented by Gerd Karl Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer. Human growth hormone genetically engineered. Soft bifocal contact lens invented. The CD-ROM invented. The Apple Macintosh invented. Windows program invented by Microsoft. A high-temperature super-conductor invented by J. Georg Bednorz and Karl A. Muller. Synthetic skin invented by G. Gregory Gallico, III. Fuji introduced the disposable camera. The first 3-D video game invented. Disposable contact lenses invented. Digital cellular phones invented. The RU-486 (abortion pill) invented. High-definition television invented. The World Wide Web and Internet protocol (HTTP) and WWW language (HTML) created by Tim Berners-Lee. The digital answering machine invented. The smart pill invented. The pentium processor invented. HIV protease inhibitor invented. Web TV invented. The gas-powered fuel cell invented. Viagra invented. Scientists measure the fastest wind speed ever recorded on earth, 509 km/h(318 mph). Tekno Bubbles patented.

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