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Corpuz, Estole, Pinlac, and Pormento

Campesinos are Latin American farmers who are also dubbed as “resource poor farmers” because they are generally characterized with: lack of cash income, lack and/or poor quality land, lack of capital, lack of access to institutional resources, education, and healthcare.

II. Due to rapid globalization, industrialization, and corporatization of agriculture in the Latin American region, the livelihood of campesinos - who are strongly tied to their agricultural activities either as producers, laborers, or both – are extremely affected.

A. The Campesinos, who are previously considered as the “stewards of the land”, turned into servants, if not completely lose their livelihoods. B. The demand for agricultural products has been fluctuating, or even declining, due to changes in consumer preferences nowadays. C. The price of products produced by agribusinesses that are used by these peasant farmers, such as seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides, have gone up while the price of crops has been constantly pushed down. D. With the development of technology, most seedlings are now genetically modified and are even patented by giant corporations. Furthermore, these types of seedlings also use special type of herbicides that also have high prices. (monopoly) E. With the advance of capitalism, the agricultural sector has been put into the danger of complete eradication.

III. Campesinos’ first problems revolve in urbanization, liberalization and democratization. A. Starting with the Mexican revolution at the beginning of the 20th century, agrarian reforms were implemented throughout most of Latin America, especially from the 1950s to the 1980s. B. The current crisis in campesino communities has its origins in the neglect in agricultural sector by the national government. C. Policy measures and social forces influenced the results of the mentioned problems.

Hurricane Mitch. When impunity strikes. VI. E. There has been a centrality of peasant movements in the Latin American region.Peasant movements exercise significant power in civil society they organize. A. farmer families fought for their right to land and to redefine and recreate their agricultural model. C. Campesinos demanded public policies to support sustainable peasant and farm agriculture. A. block regressive free trade policies and even topple corrupt regimes and government. B. D. D. and of community over the last three decades over the last three decades. Implement genuine agrarian reform and put an end to land grabbing. Due to the criminalization of the campesino population and flourishing soy bean industry. love of farming.CAMPESINO 2 Corpuz. B. less erosion and fewer crop losses than their neighbors practising conventional agriculture. They typically use parables. Estole. CaC is more than a wide-flung. stories. of nature. Reorient public sector food procurement to give priority to ecological peasant production and fair prices. They use the agroecological practices it has developed which evidently was the key to their survival from the most destructive hurricane of the century. Over ten thousand farmers in Central America belong to the Campesino a Campesino movement. A. of family. C. technology transfer is actually just one and not always the primary component of this cultural matrix. and Pormento D. or referred as the antithesis of development. loosely related collection of NGO projects and not a horizontal methodology for learning or technology transfer. Rather than simply transferring technologies. non-governmental organizations were formed. Support seed systems and repeal anti seed laws. C. with more topsoil. and humor to present agricultural improvement to as a logical outcome of clear thinking and compassion. . Broad implementation of Food Sovereignty policies. Pinlac. farmers first “make culture” . V. Reorient agriculture research and extension systems to support innovations. it is a social movement based on the belief that farmers are capable of developing their own agriculture. The development model of the government sees the campesinos as anti-modern.sharing that leads to action builds a culture of sustainable agriculture. B. mobilize and intervene to promote positive changes in land tenure. IV.

arizona. The Campesino a Campesino Movement: Farmer-led Sustainable Agriculture in Central America and Mexico.library. .pdf http://www.counterpunch. http://www. Break up and prohibit national and global corporate agrifood monopolies and oligopolies that capture and distort policies to their own profit taking ends. Institute for Food and Development http://www.PDF http://viacampesina. 1996. Support farm to city direct marketing of ecological production through farmers’ markets and linking rural and urban cooperatives. Pinlac. and Pormento http://www.CAMPESINO 3 Corpuz. http://monthlyreview. Food First Development Report 10. Sources: • • • • • • • • Holt-Giménez E.