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The Major Features of Romantic in Keats's To Autumn To Autumn is one of the last Ode poems written by John Keats.

Keats writes about a typical day of this season, describes all kind of colourful, detailed, concrete, and vivid visual and tactile imageries. The poem has three stanzas; each stanza has eleven lines that are written in iambic pentameter employing spondees to add emphasis on to the questions that are asked. The rime follows a pattern of starting each stanza with an ABAB pattern which is followed by CDEDCCE in the first stanza and CDECDDE in the second and third stanzas. With consideration to the meaning of the poem, each stanza includes a different aspect of this season: its fruitfulness, its labor and its ultimate decline. The first stanza begins showing this season as misty and fruitful. Autumn is represented metaphorically as one who conspires with the sun to bring fruits to a state of perfect fullness and ripeness, also as involved with the promotion of natural processes, growth and last maturation. The two forces in opposition in nature, however, together they create the impression that the season will not end. The opening stanza conveys a feeling of pause while using verbs of strong activity to load and bless/ With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eaves run; / To bend with apples the moss'd cottage-trees, / And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core; by omitting the verb, Keats focuses on the details of ripening. Then, he constructs the details using parallelism to load and bless, To bend...and fill, To swell...and plump, and to set. In the second stanza, the emphasis is on the characteristic activities of this season. Keats has used extensive vocabulary and language to draw a detailed picture in the mind of the reader. Autumn is a thresher sitting on a granary floor, an obvious personification, a reaper asleep in a grain field, a gleaner crossing a brook, and, lastly, a cider maker. However, the stanza starts with a question in which the speaker starts asking autumn, which now is not

only a woman, but a gleaner Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store? The question includes a kinaesthetic imagery of the women hair gently moving, as well as the end of the stanza in which autumn patiently watching the last oozings of cider. The last stanza contrasts autumn's sounds with those of spring. Spring here and summer in the first stanza represent process of time. The stanza continues with questions; the first one asks the woman where the sounds of the spring are, and the second one is just a repetition of the same question. Then, the poet puts the emphasis on the sounds of autumn, which can be considered as auditory imageries, produced by insects, animals, and birds. To his ears, this music is just as sweet as the music of spring. The sounds that are presented are not only those of autumn but essentially the gentle sounds of the evening. The full-grown lambs, like the grapes, gourds and hazel nuts will be harvested for the winter. The twittering swallows gather for leaving the fields bare. The whistling red-breast and the chirping cricket are the common sounds of winter. The dying of day is presented favorably, soft-dying. Keats accepts all aspects of autumn; this includes death, and so he introduces sadness; the gnats mourn in a wailful choir and the doomed lambs bleat. In conclusion, through the stanzas there is a progression from early autumn to mid autumn and then to the heralding of winter. These progressions are joined with a shift from the tactile sense that of sight and then of sound, creating a three-part symmetry.Keats blends living and dying, the pleasant and the unpleasant. He talks about the process of life enjoying and totally accepting autumn as part of the natural world and the reality of the mixed nature of the world, though winter is coming which represents aging and death, in other words, the end of life. Autumn symbolises maturity in human and animal lives. As an inference, Keats major aim in writing poetry is to overcome any and all circumstantial factors, to bury them in the immediate power of language.

Works Cited Analysis and Commentary of To Autumn by John Keats. Mural: Student Homepages at University of Valencia. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. Birkerts, Sven. Atlantic Unbound: Soundings. The Atlantic: News and Analysis on Politics , Business, Culture, Technology, National, International, and Life TheAtlantic.com. The Atlantic Monthly Group, 2002.07.17. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. John Keats- To Autumn Revision Notes. John Keats- Romantic Poetry, Revision Notes, John Keats Biography and Exam Questions. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. J Keats - Verse for You: A Collection of Verse for Senior Forms. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://www.cms.gcg11.org/attachments/article/98/Ode%20to%20Autumn.pdf>. Keats, John. Keats' Poems: Summary and Analysis: To Autumn. CliffsNotes Study Guides. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. M. Patterson, Annabel. "How to Load And... Bend": Syntax and Interpretation in Keats's To Autumn. JSTOR. Modern Language Association, May 1979. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. RPO -- John Keats: To Autumn. Representative Poetry On-line: Version 3.0. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. To Autumn.Academic.brooklyn. Academic.brooklyn.edu, 20 Feb. 2009. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. To Autumn. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, 5 Oct. 2011. Web. 21 Nov. 2011.