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INDEX

Page numbers printed in italics refer to figures and those including ‘n’, e.g. 204n7 refer to notes.

A la Recherche de Venise Perdue (Proust), 26 Ackermann, Rudolph, 46 Adams, Henry, 143, 148 Adonaïs (Percy Shelley), 31 Adriatic Sea, 49 Age of Innocence, The (Wharton), 109, 123

Alcott, Louisa May, 118

Birch, Dinah, xi, 6–7, 95–108 Blackwood’s Magazine, 98 Blue Boy (Gainsborough), 48

Boito, Arrigo, 75 Bonaparte, Napoleon see Napoleon Brideshead Revisited (TV adaptation), 9,

Copyright

158, 170

Bridge of Sighs, Ducal Palace and Custom

House, Venice: Canaletti Painting

(Turner), 45, 46, 52

Bronzino, Agnolo, 7, 130–1, 133

Browning, Robert, 7, 85–94

By the Fireside, 87

In a Gondola, 6, 86, 87–8

Pippa Passes, 86–7 Sordello, 2, 85–6, 149–50

The Statue and the Bust, 87

A Toccata of Galuppi’s, 6, 7, 88–93, 113,

Alma-Tadema, Lawrence, 7, 128, 134

annuals (publications), 46–9

Anonymous Venetian, The (film), 160

anti-Semitism, 8, 143, 148, 152

Antonio and Mellida (Marston), 145, 147

Antony and Cleopatra (Shakespeare), 40, 146

As You Like It (Shakespeare), 40 Aschenbach, Gustav von (Death in Venice character), 36–7, 38, 39, 41, 144, 160 Attila (Verdi), 64 Auber, Daniel, 66

Bacarolle (Chopin), 69, 70, 182n18 Banquet of Cleopatra, The (Tiepolo), 113,

114

Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo, 17, 18–19, 21, 24, 25 Beatty, Bernard, xi, 4–5, 11–26 Beethoven, Ludwig van, 68 Beggars, The (Whistler), 135, 136 Bellini, Vincenzo, 6, 63–4 Belmont, 14–15, 23 Beppo (Byron), 14, 18, 23, 25, 38, 39–40 Berlioz, Hector, 68 Bianca e Falliero, o sia Il Consiglio dei Tre (Rossini), 74–5

145

Two in the Campagna, 87 Buchanan, Robert, 76 Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar (Eliot), 8, 143, 144–9 Burney, Charles, 66 Byron, George Gordon, 6th Baron Byron, 3, 4–5, 8, 22, 28, 32, 158 Augusta Leigh scandal, 37 Beppo, 14, 18, 23, 25, 38, 39–40 Cain, 25 Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, 11–12, 13, 16, 22, 23, 24–5, 32–5, 36–7, 38, 55–6, 102

– 205 –

206

Venice and the Cultural Imagination

comparison with Mann, 36–7, 38–9 Don Juan, 16, 37, 40 Epistle to Mr Murray, 38 images of Venice in writings, 20–6 Lara, A Tale, 37 Marino Faliero, 16, 22–3, 24, 25, 55, 75 Ode to Venice, 23, 24, 29, 41 poeticizing of history, 40–1 Ruskin, influence on, 97 Sabellicus, reference to, 22, 23, 24 sexual intrigue in poetry, 40 Turner, influence on, 55–6 The Two Foscari, 23, 24, 55, 56–7, 75

De Rerum Natura (Lucretius), 21 Death in Venice (Mann), 5, 36–42, 139, 144 film adaptation, 158, 160, 162, 167 Delius, Frederick, 6 A Village Romeo and Juliet, 72, 73 Dell’Agata, Michele, 60 Dibble, Jeremy, xi, 6, 59–77 Dickens, Charles, 2, 23, 79–85 Little Dorrit, 6, 9, 81–5, 94, 158, 170 Pictures from Italy, 6, 80–1 ‘strange Dream upon the water’ concept, 2, 23, 80, 96–7, 157 Doge Marrying the Sea, The (Turner), 50 Doges, 2, 28, 49 Domett, Alfred, 88 Don Juan (Byron), 16, 37, 40 Donizetti, Gaetano, 6, 63, 64 L’elisir d’Amore, 66 Marino Faliero, 75 Don’t Look Now (Du Maurier), 8–9,

157–71

film adaptation, 158, 160–2, 166–71

Cain (Byron), 25 Calvino, Italo, 79, 145 Cameron, James, 160 Campo Santo (Turner), 53 Canaletto, 16, 19, 22, 46, 134, 147

Cantos, The (Pound), 142, 149, 150–3, 155 castrati, 59, 63 Cavos, Alberto, 60–1

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censorship, 61, 65

Ceremonial City, The (Fenlon), 3, 6

Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage – Italy (Turner), 56

Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (Byron), 11–12,

13, 16, 22, 23, 24–5, 32–5, 36–7, 38,

55–6, 102

Doody, Margaret, 2

dreams, 81

Du Maurier, Daphne

Don’t Look Now, 8–9, 157–71

Ganymede, 8, 157, 162, 163, 165

Children, The (Wharton), 110, 125 Chopin, Fryderyk, 6 Bacarolle, 69, 70, 182n18 Christ Driving the Traders from the Temple (Turner), 51

Cimarosa, Domenico, 61 Civilisation and Its Discontents (Freud), 96,

107

162

Dunciad, The (Pope), 16

Coles, Cecil, 76, 77 Comfort of Stangers, The (film), 158, 162, 163, 164, 170 Communist Manifesto (Marx), 81 Contarini, Gasparo, 23 Cosmopolitan (periodical), 119 Crouzet-Pavan, Elisabeth, 3 Cybele (earth goddess), 21, 22, 23

Danaë (Klimt), 133–4 D’Annunzio, Gabriele, 71 Daru, Pierre, 24, 25

I’ll Never Be Young Again, 162

Venice, perception of, 161–2, 170 Venice, use as code word for lesbianism,

Eagles, John, 98 Eglin, John, 15, 20 Elfrida (Paisello), 61 Eliot, T. S., 8, 79, 142 anti-Semitism, 143, 148 Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar, 8, 143, 144–9 Henry James, influence of, 143–6, 148 Wasteland, The, 30 Emma di Resburgo (Meyerbeer), 63 Epipsychidion (Percy Shelley), 32, 86 Epistle to Mr Murray (Byron), 38 Ernani (Verdi), 64 eroticism, 28–9, 91 European Travel for Women ( Jones), 117

Index

207

Fauré Gabriel, 6, 70 Les Berceaux, 67, 68 Fenlon, Iain, 3, 6 Field of Waterloo (Turner), 55 films The Anonymous Venetian, 160

Brideshead Revisited (TV adaptation), 9, 158, 170 The Comfort of Stangers, 158, 162, 163, 164, 170 criticism of, 159 Death in Venice, 158, 160, 162, 167 Don’t Look Now, 8–9, 158, 160–2,

166–71

Little Dorrit (TV adaptation), 9, 158,

170

Gondoliers, The (Gilbert and Sullivan), 76 gothic architecture, 100, 103–7 grotesqueness, 106–7 Grand Canal, The (Turner), 50, 51 Grand Tour, 16, 46, 66 Gros, Antoine-Jean, 24 Guardi, Francesco, 19 Guild of St George, 108

Hakewill, James, 50 Handbook for Travellers in Northern Italy (Palgrave), 81 Harding, Jason, xi, 8, 141–55 Hepburn, Katharine, 159

History of the Italian Republics (Sismondi),

24

Othello, 160 Summertime, 159, 160 techniques, 158

Venice: The Vanishing Lady (documen- tary), 160 Venice: Theme and Variations, 159

Hobhouse, John Cam, 22, 23

homoeroticism, 37

House of Mirth (Wharton), 110, 123, 126 Howard, Deborah, 4 Howells, William Dean, 117, 118, 120 Hugo, Victor, 65

Copyright

137–40, 159, 170

Human Life (Rogers), 54

I

I

Giuochi D’Agrigento (Paisiello), 60, 61

Vespri Siciliani (Verdi), 64, 66

Il Bravo (Mercadente), 75

Il Crociato in Egitto (Meyerbeer), 63

Il

Fuoco (D’Annunzio), 71

Il

Matrimonio Democratico (Sografi), 61

Il

Re Teodoro in Venezia (Paisello), 66, 74

In a Gondola (Browning), 6, 86, 87–8 Italian Backgrounds (Wharton), 110, 111, 112–13, 116, 117 Italian Hours ( James), 2, 7, 112, 127, 129 Italian Villas and Their Gardens (Wharton),

The Wings of the Dove, 128, 132–5,

Foregone Conclusion, A (Howells), 117,

120–1

Forget-me-Not, a Christmas and New Year’s

Present for 1823 (Ackermann), 46 Foscarini, Marco, 18, 19–20, 25

Fra Giacomo (Buchanan and Coles), 76–7,

77

Freud, Sigmund, 96, 107 Friendship’s Offering (anthology), 5, 46

Gainsborough, Thomas, 48

Ganymede (Du Maurier), 8, 157, 162, 163,

165

122–3

Gautier, Théophile, 8 Variations on the Carnival of Venice, 145 Giudecca, la Donna della Salute and San Giorgio (Turner), 53 Giulietta e Romeo (Zingarelli), 61 Gli Orazi e i Curiazi (Cimarosa), 61 Glimpses of the Moon (Wharton), 124 Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 13, 20, 25

Gondelfahrer (Schubert), 68 gondolas, 38–40 gondoliers’ songs, 6, 40, 66, 68, 71

Italy (Rogers), 46, 53 Ivory, James, 159, 162

James, Henry, 2, 3, 7–8, 9, 127–40, 159 The Art of Fiction, 128 The Aspern Papers, 127, 145, 146 association of Venice with death, 139 Casa Alvisi, 138 cinematic qualities of writings, 140 concept of the writer as a painter, 128–9, 130, 140

208

Venice and the Cultural Imagination

disenchantment with Venice, 138, 144 dislike of tourists, 138, 144 The Grand Canal, 138, 157 influence on T. S. Eliot, 143–6, 148 Italian Hours, 2, 7, 112, 127, 129 La Serenissima, 144 Venice: an early impression, 129 The Wings of the Dove, 7, 127, 128, 130–5, 137–40, 146, 158, 159, 165, 170, 191n45 James I, King of England, 15 Jessica (Turner), 47, 48, 50 Jones, Mary Cadwalader, 117 Jonson, Ben, 14, 15 Julian and Maddalo (Percy Shelley), 29–32, 41 Juliet and Her Nurse (Turner), 51, 54, 98

Keepsake, The, 5, 46, 48–9, 50, 51 Klimt, Gustav, 7, 128, 133–4 Knights, Pamela, xi, 7, 109–26

La Bacarolle (Auber), 66

Lines Written upon the Euganean Hills (Percy Shelley), 23, 31 Liszt, Franz, 6, 68 La Lugubre gondola, 70 Little Dorrit (Dickens), 6, 81–5, 94, 163 TV adaptation, 9, 158, 170 Loredan, Leonardo (Doge), 18 Lucretius, 21

Maclise, Daniel, 86 Malatesta, Sigismundo, 150–3, 152, 155 Mann, Thomas, 5, 28 comparison with Byron, 36–7, 38–9 Death in Venice, 5, 36–42, 139, 144, 158,

160, 162, 167 Margherita d’Anjou (Meyerbeer), 63 Marino Faliero (Byron), 16, 22–3, 24, 25, 55, 75 Marino Faliero (Donizetti), 75 Marston, John, 145, 147 Marx, Karl, 81, 106 Mendelssohn, Felix, 6

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La Battaglia di Legnano (Verdi), 65

La Biondina in Gondoletta (Lamberti), 68

La Fenice (opera house), 60–4, 65

La Giaconda (Ponchielli), 6, 75, 76, 76

La Lugubre Gondola (Liszt), 70

La Morte di Mitridate (Zingarelli), 62

La Traviata (Verdi), 65 Lago Maggiore (Turner), 48 Lake Albano (Turner), 48 Lamberti, Antonio, 68 landscape artistry, 43–4 Lara, A Tale (Byron), 37 Last Man, The (Mary Shelley), 32–5, 41 Lawrence, Sir Thomas, 44, 48 Le Roi S’Amuse (Hugo), 65 Lean, David, 159 Lee, Vernon, 115, 120 Leighton, Frederic, 7, 128 L’elisir d’Amore (Donizetti), 66 Lepanto, Battle of (1571), 3, 15 Les Berceaux (Fauré), 67, 68 Les Contes d’Hoffman (Offenbach), 76 lesbianism, 162 L’étoile du Nord (Meyerbeer), 66 light, influence of, 31–2, 33, 41, 158, 160

Venetianisches Gondolied, 68

Mercadante, Saverio, 63, 64

Il Bravo, 75

and water, 2–3, 139, 151, 178n38

Merchant of Venice (Shakespeare), 13, 14–15,

23, 48, 50, 147

Meyerbeer, Giacomo, 6

Emma di Resburgo, 63 Il Crociato in Egitto, 63 L’étoile du Nord, 66 Margherita d’Anjou, 63 Mickiewicz, Adam, 26 Modern Painters (Ruskin), 95 Monet, Claude-Oscar, 157–8 Moore, Thomas, 21, 24, 97 Morpeth, Lord, 48–9 Morris, William, 95, 105

Mysteries of Udolfo (Radcliffe), 20, 21–2,

23

Myths of Venice: the Figuration of a State

(Rosand), 4

Napoleon, 24, 28, 74 banning of castrati, 59 invasion of Venice, 12–13 Nature of Gothic, The (chapter from The Stones of Venice, Ruskin), 103–7

Index

209

Nietzsche, Friedrich, 1, 41, 71, 157 Nuptials of the Doge of Venice with the Adri- atic Sea (Morpeth), 49

ocean, influence in poetry, 33, 34–5 Ode to Venice (Byron), 23, 24, 29, 41 Offenbach, Jacques, 76

On the Extinction of the Venetian Republic (Wordsworth), 28–9 On the Lagoon (Walker), 119 O’Neill, Michael, xii, 6, 79–94 opera, 6, 59–77 bacarolle, 66–70, 67, 69 censorship, 61, 65 liberetti, 60–1 opera seria, 61–2, 64 politics, influence of, 64–5 as propaganda, 61–2, 74–5 Otello (Rossini), 68 Otello (Verdi), 75, 76 Othello (film), 160 Othello (Shakespeare), 13, 15

Otway, Thomas, 5, 13, 16

Paisiello, Giovanni

Palazzo Barbaro, 131–2

Palazzo Barbaro circle, 7–8, 128

Palgrave, Sir Francis, 81 Peake, Elizabeth, 118 Pemble, John, 20 Pen Portraits of Europe (Peake), 118 Pepoli, Alessandro, 61 Piave, Francesco, 64–5 Pictures from Italy (Dickens), 6, 80–1 Pilate Washing His Hands (Turner), 50–1 Pippa Passes (Browning), 86–7 Pisan Cantos, The (Pound), 8, 153–4 plague, 3, 32 Ponchielli, Amilcare, 6 La Giaconda, 75, 76, 76 Pope, Alexander, 5, 16, 18, 20 Pound, Ezra, 3, 8, 141–2, 149–55, 154, 159 anti-Semitism, 152 Browning, influence of, 149–50

The Cantos, 142, 149, 150–3, 155 death, 155

A Draft of the Cantos 17–27, 151

Drafts and Fragments, 154 A Lume Spento, 141 The Pisan Cantos, 8, 153–4 Poetry, 149 in prison, 152–4 San Trovaso Notebook, 142 Present State of Music in France and Italy, The (Burney), 66 Princess Casamassima, The (Robinson), 149 Proust, Marcel, 3, 26 Pugin, A. W. N., 100

Quincy, Thomas Pension de, 80

Radcliffe, Ann, 20, 21–2, 23 Rembrandt, 50 Rhymes on the Road (Moore), 21 rhythmn in poetry, 90 Rigoletto (Verdi), 64, 65, 182n14

Ritchie, J. Ewing, 101–2 Robinson, Hyacinth, 149 Roeg, Nicholas, 158–9, 160–1, 167–70, 171

Copyright

Giuochi d’Agrigento, 60, 61

I

Il

Re Teodoro in Venezia, 66, 74

Rogers, Samuel, 55

Human Life, 54

Italy, 46, 53

Rosand, David, 4

Rossini, Gioachino, 6, 62, 63

Bianca e Falliero, o sia Il Consiglio dei Tre,

74–5

Otello, 68 Soirées Musicales, 68 William Tell, 64, 66 Ruskin, John, 1, 2, 3, 6–7, 8, 13, 95–108, 148–9, 158–9 Byron, influence of, 97 early visits to Venice, 98–100 early writings, 97, 98–9 and gothic architecture, 100, 103–7 Guild of St George, 108 influence on Edith Wharton, 112–13 later writings, 106–7, 108 Modern Painters, 95 Nature of Gothic, The (chapter from The Stones of Venice), 103–7 personal life, 96, 107 Praeterita, 99 Romaniticism, influence of, 102

210

Venice and the Cultural Imagination

Seven Lamps of Architecture, The, 100, 103, 149 Stones of Venice, The, 7, 44, 96, 100, 102–3, 104, 142, 148, 151 study of Venetian architecture, 95, 96 theory on dehumanization of the worker,

105–6

Turner, influence of, 97–8 Unto this Last, 148 views on restoration of Venetian build- ings, 99–100, 106

Simon Boccanegra (Verdi), 65 Sismondi, Jean Charles Léonard de, 24, 25 socialism, 106 Society for the Protection of Ancient Build- ings, 106 Softley, Iain, 7, 128, 132–3 Sografi, Simeone, 61–2 Il Matrimonio Democratico, 61 Soirées Musicales (Rossini), 68 Sordello (Browning), 2, 85–6, 149–50 Stanfield, Clarkson, 46 Venice from the Dogana, 52 Stokes, Adrian, 151 Stones of Rimini (Stokes), 151 Stones of Venice, The (Ruskin), 7, 44, 96, 100, 102–3, 104, 142, 148, 151 Strauss II, Johann, 75 Street in Venice (Sargant), 135 Summertime (film), 159, 160 Suspira De Profundis (de Quincy), 80

Tadzio (Death in Venice character), 38, 41

Tennyson, Alfred Lord, 92

The Dogana, San Giorgio, Citella, from the

Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista, 113, 123

The Banquet of Cleopatra, 113, 114 Tintoretto, Jacopo, 7, 130 Titian, Tiziano Vecelli, 7, 127, 134, 147, 152 Toccata of Galuppi’s, A (Browning), 6, 7, 88–93, 113, 145 tourism, 7, 46, 109–10 representations of tourists, 116–17, 138, 144 writers as tourists, 118–19 Tourist Gaze, The (Urry), 109 Tristan und Isolde (Wagner), 71–2, 72 Triumph of Venice, The (Batoni), 17 Triumph of Venice, The (painting, Batoni), 17, 18–19, 21, 24 Tropic of Venice (Doody), 2 Turner, J. M. W., 5, 22, 23, 25, 43–58, 51–2, 95, 161 biblical works, 50–1 Bridge of Sighs, Ducal Palace and Custom House, Venice: Canaletti Painting, 45, 46, 52

Sabellicus, Marcus Antonius Coccius, 22, 23, 24 Salerno, Enrico Maria, 160 San Biagio (Whistler), 137 Sandy, Mark, xii, 5, 27–42 Sargent, John Singer, 8, 128, 134–5, 192n55 Street in Venice, 135 Scarpa, Tiziano, 79 Schopenhauer, Arthur, 71 Schubert, Franz, 6 Gondelfahrer, 68

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Schwanengesang, 68

Schumann, Robert, 6, 68

Schwanengesang (Schubert), 68

Serenade, The (Maclise), 86

Seven Lamps of Architecture, The (Ruskin),

100, 103, 149

Steps of the Europa (Turner), 52

theatres, 59–60, 62

see also La Fenice (opera house)

sexual intrigue in poetry, 86–8, 146 Sgambati, Giovanni, 70 Shakespeare, William, 5, 8, 26 Antony and Cleopatra, 40, 146 Merchant of Venice, 13, 14–15, 23, 48, 50, 147 Othello, 15, 40 As You Like It, 40 Shelley, Mary contributions to annuals, 48 The Last Man, 32–5, 41 Valperga, 29 Shelley, Percy Bysshe, 3, 5 Adonaïs, 31 Epipsychidion, 32, 86 Julian and Maddalo, 29–32, 41 Lines Written Among the Euganean Hills, 23, 31

Ode to Liberty, 104 The Sensitive Plant, 87 Shylock (Merchant of Venice), 147

Index

211

brown paper studies, 51 Byron, influence of, 55–6 Campo Santo, 53 Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage – Italy, 56 Christ Driving the Traders from the Temple, 51 The Dogana, San Giorgio, Citella, from the Steps of the Europa, 52 The Doge Marrying the Sea, 50 dreamlike quality of Venice paintings,

57–8

Field of Waterloo, 55 Giudecca, la Donna della Salute and San Giorgio, 53 The Grand Canal, 50, 51 illustrations in annuals, 46–8 Jessica, 47, 48, 50 Juliet and Her Nurse, 51, 54, 98 Lago Maggiore, 48 Lake Albano, 48 landscape artistry, 43–4

Venetian Views, Venetian Blinds: English Fantasies of Venice, 4 Venetianisches Gondolied (Mendelssohn), 68 Venezia E’Un Pesce (Scarpa), 79 Venice ambassadors to England 1603, 15 architecture, 4, 95–108 archives, 23–4 Austrian occupation, 13, 62 Bridge of Sighs, 45, 54 carnivals, 13, 14, 61 comparison with England, 102 decline, 102–3 film and television portrayals, 158–60, 158–61, 168–9, 170, 171 French occupation, 12–13, 61 Grand Canal, 50, 51, 58, 157–8 historical image, 23–4 La Fenice (opera house), 60–4, 65 labyrinthine nature, 13–14, 137, 146, 163, 164, 165, 166, 170, 176n1

paintings celebrating fellow artists, 52

Pilate Washing His Hands, 50–1

Rembrandt influences, 50–1

Rhine drawings, 44

Ruskin, influence on, 97–8

secretive private life, 57

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Lido, 30, 124

as a model of government for Great

Britain, 15

opera, 59–77

Palazzo Barbaro, 131–2

plague, 3, 32 portrayals of decay, 32–4, 36, 37, 41, 71, 135, 137, 148, 151, 162 as a psychological space, 8–9, 157, 158, 160, 169 republican system, 74 restoration 1840s, 99–100, 106 revolution 1848, 64–5 Rezzonico Palace, 124 St Mark’s Basilica, 51, 106, 127, 129, 144 ‘strange Dream upon the water’ concept, 2, 23, 80, 96–7, 157 theatres, 59–60 Torcello mosaics, 154, 155 Victorian imagination, 79–94 Venice Desired (Tanner), 3 Venice Disputed: Marc’Antonio Barbaro and Venetian Architecture (Howard), 4 Venice (Domett), 88

Lagoon, 53, 119

Turner Bequest, 49–50, 57 Venice, from the Canale della Giudecca, Chiesa di S. Maria della Salute, 51–2 Venice: the Bridge of Sighs, 54–5, 54 Venice (the Dogana and San Giorgio Mag- giore), 51 vignettes for literary works, 53, 54 water, influence of, 53

watercolour, use of, 44 Two Foscari, The (Byron), 23, 24, 55, 56–7,

75

Un Ballo in Maschera (Verdi), 66 Urry, John, 109

Valley of Decision, The (Wharton), 121–2 Valperga (Mary Shelley), 29 Venetian Life (Howells), 117, 121 Venetian Night’s Entertainment, A (Whar- ton), 122

212

Venice and the Cultural Imagination

Venice, from the Canale della Giudecca, Chiesa di S. Maria della Salute (Turner), 51–2 Venice from the Dogana (Stanfield), 52 Venice Preserv’d (Otway), 13, 16 Venice Reconsidered: the History and Civilization of an Italian City State 1297–1797, 4 Venice Rediscovered (Pemble), 20 Venice (the Dogana and San Giorgio Mag- giore) (Turner), 51

Venice: The Vanishing Lady (documentary),

descriptive passages, 112 False Dawn, 123–4 Ghosts, 125–6

A Glimpse, 125

Glimpses of the Moon, 124 The Great American Novel, 124–5 House of Mirth, 110, 123, 126

Italian Backgrounds, 110, 111, 112–13, 116, 117 Italian Villas and Their Gardens, 122–3 The Last Giustiniani, 121 The Marriage Playground, 125 mechanical sightseer, concept of, 111, 112, 116 The Muse’s Tragedy, 121 paintings, descriptions of, 113, 115 Ruskin, influence of, 112–13

A Tuscan Shrine, 116

unknown tourist, concept of, 110

The Valley of Decision, 121–2

A Venetian Night’s Entertainment, 122

The Vice of Reading, 117

160

Venice: Theme and Variations (film), 159 Venice Triumphant: the Horizons of a Myth (Crouzet-Pavan), 3

Verdi, Giuseppe, 6, 56, 64–5, 75 Attila, 64 Ernani, 64 I Vespri Siciliani, 64, 66 La Battaglia di Legnano, 65 La Traviata, 65

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Macbeth, 64

Otello, 75, 76

Rigoletto, 64, 65, 182n14

Simon Boccanegra, 65

Un Ballo in Maschera, 66

Veronese, Paolo, 7, 131, 134 Viganò, Onorato, 60 Village Romeo and Juliet, A (Delius), 72, 73 Visconti, Luchino, 158, 160, 167 Volpone ( Jonson), 14, 15, 23

137, 192n60

The Beggars, 135, 136

San Biagio, 137

White, Rebecca, xii, 8–9, 157–71

Wagner, Richard, 6, 70–1 Mein Leben, 71–2 Tristan und Isolde, 71–2, 72 water, influence of, 2–3, 80, 167 see also light, influence of Watteau, Antoine, 7, 130 Welles, Orson, 160 Wharton, Edith, 7, 109–26 The Age of Innocence, 109, 123 becomes disillusioned with Venice,

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill, 8, 9, 128,

William Tell (Rossini), 64 Wilton, Andrew, xii, 5, 43–58 Wings of the Dove, The ( James), 7, 127, 130–2, 146, 158, 165 film adaptation, 128, 132–5, 137–40, 159, 170, 191n45 Woolf, Virginia, 159 Wootton, Sarah, xii, 7–8, 127–40 Wordsworth, William, 5, 20, 23, 27–9, 32, 33, 41 On the Extinction of the Venetian Repub- lic, 28–9 World Columbian Exposition, 1893, 119–20, 119, 143 World’s Fair (Walker), 119

124–5

The Children, 110, 125 cliché, use of, 121

Zingarelli, Nicolò, 60 Giulietta e Romeo, 61 La Morte di Mitridate, 62