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Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Why Open Mode Analysis Software HF
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Why Open Mode Analysis Software HF
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Why Open Mode Analysis Software HF

Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100

Why Open Mode Analysis Software

HF coastal radars have evolved over the past 40 years into worldwide operational networks that provide real-time data to a variety of end users. Over 450 such radars are operating today of which about 400 are CODAR SeaSondes®. The primary data products are two-dimensional (2D) surface current vector maps, which require two or more radars with overlapping coverage. In addition to surface currents, secondary outputs include wave parameters, tsunami detection and vessel detection.

The unique ability of HF radar systems to map in near real-time surface currents over large areas of the coastal ocean can play a critical role for tracking and forecasting oil spills, for improving navigation safety and for helping in coastal and offshore infrastructure operations.

Radar detects target echoes against a background of unwanted noise. When wanting to monitor 2D surface current vector maps by means of oceanographic HF radars, desired echoes are the first-order Bragg scatter from which currents information are obtained. CODAR SeaSondes® world leading HF Radar technology integrates effective methods to deal with this unwanted background interference which consist in ship echoes, reflection of long distance signals at the ionospheric layer, signals from other radio communication and broadcasting stations, etc. but nevertheless, oscillations in coverage of any HF Radar network are a well known situation.

For pure geometrical reasons, surface current total vectors generation from HF Radars requires that any patch of the ocean surface is directly viewed by at least two stations forming an angle to another that is wider than, at least, 20 degrees. This is not always possible due to coastline geometry in the stretch in between two radar stations or in the line between two stations.

Figure: Examples of occasional gaps in the (2-D) surface current vector map coverage of Long
Figure: Examples of occasional gaps in the (2-D) surface current vector map coverage of Long

Figure: Examples of occasional gaps in the (2-D) surface current vector map coverage of Long Range 5 MHz and High Resolution 40

MHz SeaSonde® systems in Galicia (Spain) due to external interference and coastline geometry.

Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Prior to the use of 2D
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Prior to the use of 2D
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Prior to the use of 2D

Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100

Prior to the use of 2D surface currents in any decision support tool, an optimal data quality control needs to be performed. Spatial gaps can occur due to geometric instabilities along the baseline between sites, shadowing from local coastline geometry, ship echoes, Radio Frequency interferences, or antenna interaction with the nearfield environment. Therefore, filling spatial gaps is necessary when calculating particle drifting trajectories. A wide continuous good spatial coverage, as well as information closer as possible to coast, is crucial to take the most out of HF radar observations. This is what the PORTUS OMA software package is intended for: further improve the quality of SeaSondes® surface current maps.

Product description

Figure: High quality OMA surface current vector map (right) and standard surface current map (left).

Figure: High quality OMA surface current vector map (right) and standard surface current map (left).

The observed standard surface velocity map from two coastal radar stations in figure (left) although covering a wide area, does not provide observations close to shore, or has spatial gaps due to different reasons (e.g. Radio Frequency noise interference, coastline geometry…)

Figure: OMA boundaries as implemented in the open ocean or an enclosed bay.
Figure: OMA boundaries as implemented in the open ocean or an enclosed bay.

Figure: OMA boundaries as implemented in the open ocean or an enclosed bay.

The PORTUS-OMA real-time processing tool relies on the widely proven technique of Open-boundary modal analysis implemented by Lekien et al., (2004), and further optimized by Kaplan and Lekien

(2007).

Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Not only does the OMA make
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Not only does the OMA make
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 Not only does the OMA make

Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100

Not only does the OMA make it possible to fill spatial gaps for a given geometry, but also the resulting gridded currents field has optimal properties for lagrangian applications. Open Mode Analysis OMA

is a robust method for filling gaps, to extrapolate vector coverage in a predefined domain, to

low-pass spatially filtering the surface currents data and also guarantees the flow is tangent to the coastline preventing flow into the coastline. It is mathematically based on a vorticity-free (uφ) and

a divergency-free (uψ) decomposition of any given surface velocity:

u= uφ + uψ

The modes (φ,ψ) are computed solving two laplacian eigenvalue problems on the domain with Dirichlet and Neumann conditions on the closed boundaries and adding boundary modes to account for flow through the open boundary.

Figure: Principal OMA modes as implemented in Ría de Vigo inside the PORTUS.

Figure: Principal OMA modes as implemented in Ría de Vigo inside the PORTUS.

Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 The enhanced real-time surface current vector
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 The enhanced real-time surface current vector
Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 The enhanced real-time surface current vector

Open Mode Analysis Software Implementation | Product Code: SP-PORTUS-OMA-100

The enhanced real-time surface current vector map generation OMA software is implemented as an integrated module of the SeaSonde® focused Portus Marine Information System. As part of the software implementation process to any HF Radar system, OMA nowcasted fields are compared against total surface vectors obtained by the conventional least-square (LS) local interpolation method (Lipa and Barrick, 1983) which, being a reliable combining method, is not gap-free and has no kinematic constraints to prevent normal flow through the shoreline.

SP-PORTUS-OMA-100 includes:

❱❱ Provided as a software enhancement to the PORTUS marine information system

❱❱ Implemented and validated by CODAR and QUALITAS as part of the software installation process

Processing Software Package Features:

❱❱ Extends area of total vector coverage from standard backscatter geometry

❱❱ Reduces occasional current vector outliers and prevents flow through the coast

❱❱ Is an extension module of the basic PORTUS

by QUALITAS firmware

❱❱ Outputs files in standard ASCII, NetCDF, WMS or other customer formats

❱❱ Outputs real-time data through ftp and historic data through OpenDAP

About QUALITAS Created in 2002, QUALITAS has its main activity in providing technology and data
About QUALITAS
Created in 2002, QUALITAS has its main activity in providing technology and data
intensive solutions to the operational oceanography, offshore, search and rescue,
navigation and marine renewable sector focused on :
» Ocean Observing Technologies
» Information Management Systems
» Decision Support Tools
» Customized Software Solutions
Phone: +34 913 886 656
QUALITAS activity in providing systems and solutions is ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certified.
Fax:
+34 913 885 782
E-mail: info@qualitasremos.com
www.qualitasremos.com