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PBT STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION GRAMMAR REVIEW 2: COMPLEX SENTENCES

NO TOEFL REQUIRED. You can buy the file and download it in seconds. Find out where you can be admitted with NO TOEFL SCORE! COMPLEX SENTENCE: ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
1. Dubbing is an audio process __________ one sound over another sound. imprints that imprints it which imprints that it imprints

2. Thomas Jefferson, _______ of fathering several children by one of his slaves, was supposedly committed to the principle ofequal rights for all. in that he was accused that was accused he was accused who was accused

3. The cheetah is a member of the feline family _______ are being drastically reduced by inbreeding and lion predation. whose numbers those numbers that its numbers its numbers that

4. Wrap-around sound, a process patented by Dolby, is an audio device _______ the moviegoer in the center of the action. puts that puts them that they put that puts

5. Coca-Cola, begun in an Atlanta drugstore in 1888, remains a powerful beverage company _______ with numerous smallerfood producers. that has merged that merged it which merging whose to merge

6. The next point __________ is at the sawmill. at which it is important to put a check upon wood waste by which that is important to put a check upon wood waste that is important to put a check upon wood waste important to put a check upon wood waste

7. Carl Maria von Weber was one of those peculiar types __________, round whom the darker shadows of the world may close for years almost unnoticed. that always young in animal spirits whom always young in spirits animal who are always young in animal spirits they are always young in animal spirits

8. Grieg went out into his own fertile by-way, leaving the broad valley for the narrower region __________. to exploring for the first time that explored for the first time in it the first time of exploration which he explored for the first time

9. When speaking of the social mammals, there are other conditions of life, however, __________ that the newly born young oneshould be put on the spot almost at once because the situation is full of danger. in that it is necessary in which it is necessary if it is necessary that they are necessary

10. In many ways, the most striking of the carniverous plants in the Venus Fly-trap, __________. it grows in marshy places in Carolina that growing in marshy places in Carolina which it grows in marshy places in Carolina which grows in marshy places in Carolina Answers: C, D, A, D, A , A, C, D, B, D

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COMPLEX SENTENCE: ADVERB CLAUSE.


1. __________ they are widely perceived as gentle creatures, hippopotamuses are responsible for more human deaths in Africathan any other animal. Despite of Even though In spite of Nonetheless

2. _______a cold front meets a warm front, an area of turbulent air is created often producing thunderstorms and tornadoes. And When That However

3. _______ he worked with the deaf for many years and patented many devices to help them, Alexander Graham Bell will foreverbe remembered for inventing the telephone. Even though In spite of Despite Nevertheless

4. Battles between ancient armies were usually fought _______ crucial trading rout, fertile agricultural fields, or importantsources of water were found.. those wherever not only what

5. The Indian variety of crocodile is the most widely researched crocodile in the world _______ anatomical structure is sounusual. because its because of its it is because is because 6. It is in many cases an advantage if an animal can remain perfectly still, and in a general way it may be said that an animal indanger in most likely to be detected _____ _____. movement when it moves then it moves when does it move 7. A type of oil-base paint containing binders that form a film by oxidation or polymerization ___ _______ is called an enamel.

because it exposes to air in that its exposure to air which they are exposed to air when they are exposed to air 8. Under the government of William Penn, the roads of Pennsylvania were given over to the county courts, which appointedoverseers, __________. while the grand jury laid out the roads unless the grand jury laid them out the roads nevertheless, the grand jury laid out the roads because of the grand jury laid out the roads

9. Lookout ridges are of little value __________ there is no way to get to it quickly because of a lack of trails, or no way to callfor immediate help. if after the fire is discovered if the fire is discovered after the fire is discovered at which the fire is discovered

10. ___________ --it may in extreme cases occupy almost half the shell-the egg is known as "shrunken." After the air space inside an egg pronounces it While the air space inside an egg is pronouncing it When the air space inside an egg becomes pronounced Unless the air space inside an egg pronounces it Answers: B, B, A, B, A, B, D, A, A,

COMPLEX SENTENCE: MAIN VERB.


1. Economics __________ is known as an inexact science because it relies heavily on variables and subjective judgement s. is what it which that it

2. Not all currencies that are brokered on the worlds major stock exchanges _______ enough to generate windfall profits for theeveryday investor. valued to be valuable of value are valuable

3. Written mail, which is currently referred to as snailmail by frequent computer users, _______ by email and other electronictechnologies. is being slowly transformed will have been slowly transformed slowly transforms was slowly transformed

4. Among American football aficionados, the tackling of the quarterback behind the line of scrimmage _______ known as asack. is what is what is has what that is

5. Airport x-ray devices _______ designed more carefully in order to detect the more sophisticated forms of explosive materialst hat are now produced. must have been must must be must have been being

6. Emerging in the spring or summer as an elongate, brownish to black beetle, the grub with its velvety body __________ inlength from 9 to 10 mm. which has ranged it will have ranged ranges range

7. In Europe, a definite system of locating the annual cuttings __________ in the management of communal and governmentforests because under this system the forest s can be so organized that an approximately equal yield is secured each year. is extensively used extensively uses has extensively used will have extensively used

8. The total of livestock of all kinds which used the National Agricultural System in 1910 under pay permits __________ 2.75% in comparison with the previous year.

laid off fired off fell off carried off

9. __________ in his grand operas, RinskyKorsakov six times dealt with fantastic and but twice with real or historical subjects. Which of that will observe It will be observed that When will it be observed Observing that when

10. To Darwin we __________ that has made the interrelations of organisms central in modern natural history. have owed the change owing the change the change do owe owe the change

Answers: A, D, A, A, C, C, A, C, B, D

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1. Capable of producing nothing more than __________, Barkley was forced to concede the point to Hume who went on to winthe debate. vacuous truly a point truly a point vacuous vacuous a truly point a truly vacuous point

2. Out of the grave of the European Middle Ages _______ with its new ideas about the place of humanity in the cosmos. coming the Renaissance came the Renaissance the Renaissance came the Renaissance which came

3. An excellent cosmetologist in even the most unsophisticated hair salon can make a man see m to have more hair than_______. has actually he he actually has

it actually is is it actually 4. Only after extreme territorial disputes usually involving females _______ to killing each other. male chimpanzees resort do male chimpanzees resort male chimpanzees resorted resorting are male chimpanzees

5. _______ constructed with concrete blocking experience the insect problems of termites and silverfish tha t wooden houseshave. Seldom houses Houses seldom Seldom do houses Houses so seldom

6. __________ sort of winter means cold, stormy weather, a short daylight, and a scarcity of fruits, seeds, insects, and slugsthat animals can consume. Even an ordinary Ordinary, an even An ordinary, even Ordinary even an 7. Besides the fact that it can walk, the crayfish has another __________, by swimming. quite of means different locomotion different means of quite locomotion quite different means of locomotion locomotion of means quite different

8. In the fiscal year 1910, the __________ was 16 cents per pound before it was distributed to retail outlets. tea value of average import import average value of tea average import value of tea average value of import tea

9. Chestnut bark disease may be controlled by a efficient pruning system, though this method is impractical with __________. large trees, Japanese ornamental Japanese large ornamental trees ornamental Japanese large trees large Japanese ornamental trees

10. __________ the larger markets, soil stability must be achieved through changing technologies. In the Eastern states closely adjacent to Closely in the Eastern states, adjacent to

Adjacent closely in the Eastern states, Adjacent in the closely Eastern states, Answers: D, B, B, B, C, A, C, C, D, A

COMPLEX SENTENCE: NOUN CLAUSE


1. Disturbances in seabed slope which have occurred over short periods of time have caused scientists to believe __________ more extensive than at first thought. that tectonic drift is which tectonic drift tectonic drifts tectonic drifting

2. _______ the manatee of south Florida is being pushed to the edge of extinction due to the invasion of its habitat by motorized boats has been shown by marine researchers. In that That Although Unless

3. Virtually all doctors agree ________ a second diagnosis in the event of a potentially major disease. that patients should seek patients should be sought patients they seek patients that should seek

4. _______ found in forests can possess deadly toxicity is an element of folk knowledge that has not been passed down to todays general public. Those certain mushrooms That certain mushrooms Despite it, certain are the mushrooms Even though certain mushrooms

5. _______ continue to pollute the ocean with all forms of contamination from sewage to solid wastes such as plastic containers remains a mystery to environmentalists. Although people People that Why people Those people that

6. __________ and have low refractive indices, low dielectric constants, and low surface tensions has long been known by chemists.

Those fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons That fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons While fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons When fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons

7. __________ advances and broadens our understanding of the complex problems of soil fertility. Whatever adds to the biochemical knowledge of soils When it adds that to the biochemical knowledge of soils While it is added to the biochemical knowledge of soils Whomever adds to the biochemical knowledge of soils

8. It is safe to say __________ does not exceed 25%. because the average efficiency of the best steam engine which the average efficiency of the best steam engine that the average efficiency of the best steam engine with the average efficiency of the best steam engine

9. There is no doubt _________ correspond to the gill clefts which are used in connection with the breathing in fishes. because of the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds despite the fact that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds if the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptiles and birds

10. Blame for the invention of nuclear weapons must fall upon __________. however conceived their invention in the first place whenever conceived their invention in the first place whatsoever conceived their invention in the first place whoever conceived their invention in the first place Answers: A, B, A, B, C, B, A, C, D, D

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1. Gifted though he was by remarkable natural musical talent, _________ to have had little knack for the necessities of social life at court. Mozart, who seemed Mozart seemed it was Mozart that seeming Mozart, seeming

2. Long before dogs became domesticated in Western countries, ______ roamed the forests and grasslands of northern Europe and America. they which however and

3. Able to sing religious arias in Latin by the time she was four, ________ reported to have a repertory of some 10,000 songs. that Margaret Church is Margaret Church who Margaret Church is Margaret Church is who

4. Mentored as she was by Gertrude Stein, _______ an unusual style of narrative which imitated but did not rival that of her teacher. was Alice B. Toklas developing who Alice B. Toklas had developed whom Alice B. Toklas, developer of Alice B. Toklas developed

5. _______ currently working in the field of physics can adequately explain the intricacies of string theory to the extent that Stephen Hawking can. Few scientists Few are the scientists The scientists are few The few scientists

6. __________ generally conceded that the respiration calorimeter devised and perfected by Atwood and his associates adequately meets the requirements of the field. There is It is There it is that It is that

7. When the eggs from the country storekeeper of the farmer himself were received at the packing house, __________. it was candled it was they which were candled they were candled they were those which were candled

8. No matter what people may say, __________ as stupid is very wide of the mark.

to speak of the donkey the donkey the donkey that it is the donkey that

9. Influenced by Ross, and worthy of being linked with him, __________, who proved in 1900 that the vehicle of the deadly yellow fever organism is the common house mosquito of tropical America. who was Walter Reed was Walter Reed Walter Reed was Walter Reed

10. __________ can be artificially connected with levers so that it draws a record of its movement on a graph. A muscle that Such a muscle that It is a muscle which it A muscle Answers: B, A, C, D, A, B, C, A, B, D