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What to do in Paris

You can visit: Notre Dame Notre Dame de Paris is a Gothic, Roman Catholic Cathedral which is also known as Our Lady of Paris. Notre Dame Cathedral is the official cathedral of the Archbishop of Paris. It contains the cathedra which is the official chair of the archbishop who is currently Andr Vingt-Trois. The Notre Dame was among the first buildings in the world to use the flying buttress. The original design of the building did not include flying buttresses around the choir and nave. As the construction progressed, the thin walls that were growing higher and higher caused stress fractures. So, the architects built supports outside the building. In the year 1160, because the church in Paris had been chosen as the Parisian church of the kings of Europe, Bishop Maurice de Sully demolished Saint-tienne (St Stephen's) which wa the previous Paris Cathedral after he became the Bishop of Paris because he felt it was unworthy of its role. The demolished cathedral was replaced by the Notre Dame. The construction of the Notre Dame was completed in the year 1345. If you ever go to Paris, you have to visit the Notre Dame. Palais Garnier The Palais Garnier, an opera house which can seat 1,979 people was built from 1865-1871. It was originally known as Salle des Capucines because of its location on Boulevard des Capucines . This was the home of the Paris Opera and the Paris Opera Ballet until the year 1989 when a new opera house, the Opra Bastille which could seat 2,700 people was built at the Place de la Bastille. The Palais Garnier is mainly used for ballet now. The Palais Garnier is one of the most famous opera houses in the world. This is partly because of the book and musical The Phantom Of The Opera. The Paris Opera Library-Museum, the Bibliothque-Muse de l'Opra de Paris is also in the Palais Garnier. Although the library is not under the opera house anymore, a visit to it is still included in unaccompanied tours of the Palais Garnier.

The Palais Garnier is an unforgettable place. The majestic appearance of the place is truly unearthly. You will not regret taking some time to visit the Palais Garnier.

Eiffel Tower The Eiffel Tower was built in the year 1889 by Gustave Eiffel. It is the tallest monument in Paris and an icon of France and the most visited monument which requires an entrance fee.The tower was built as an entrance arch to the 1889 Worlds Fair. The tower in 324 metres tall. During its construction it was built taller than the Washington Monument to become the tallest man-made monument in the world. It was the tallest monument for 41 years until the construction of the Chrysler Building in New York City in the year 1930. In 1957 however it became taller than the Chrysler Building after the addition of an antenna at the top of the tower. The Eiffel Tower consists of 3 levels for visitors. The first and second level can be reached by stairs or lift. There are 300 steps to go up to the first floor and another 300 steps to ascend to the second floor.

The Eiffel Tower was built between the year 1887 to the year 1889 as an entrance for the Expostion Universelle , a Worlds Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. 300 workers worked together to join 18,038 pieces of puddle iron using 2 million rivets. The tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel with assistance from Maurice Koechlin , mile Nouguier and architect Stephen Sauvestre. The risk of an accident was great because the Eiffel Tower is an open frame without any intermediate floors except the two platforms. However, because of the use of safety precautions like movable stagings, guard-rails and screens, only one man died in the process. The tower was inaugurated on the 31st of March 1889 and opened on the 6th of May.

The Eiffel Tower is certainly a must-visit place in Paris. Paris is not quite Paris without the Eiffel Tower to complete it.

Paris is one of the most famous cities in the world. Its charm and beauty have a quality that is very enticing. Paris is known as the city of love. It is portrayed to be quite dream-like in many movies and books.

Paris is currently one of the worlds main business and cultural centres. It houses the headquarters of many international organizations such as UNESCO, OECD and the International Chamber of Commerce. It also has a big influence on fashion, science, entertainment, education and politics.

Paris is over 2 millennia old. It was founded on an island about 375 kilometres away from the estuary of the Seine River. In prehistoric times, the Seine River hollowed out a bowl in the earth which is the location of Paris currently. Paris has been occupied since 5000 BC. Mammoth bones and the remains of deer and reindeer from that time were located in a mine at Beaugrenelle in 1886. Neolithic tombs were also found in the courtyard of the Louvre.

Map of Paris

Photos of Paris

Louvre

Seine River

Paris Opera Library